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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456770/recurrent-oral-eosinophilic-ulcers-of-the-oral-mucosa-a-case-report
#1
Norberto Sugaya, Fernanda Martignago, Decio Pinto, Dante Migliari
Objective: This article describes a case of an Oral Eosinophilic Ulcer (OEU) in an otherwise healthy 31-year-old white woman. Introduction: The importance of reporting this case was the presence of recurrent episodes with lesions appearing in different areas of the oral mucosa, a type of manifestation not commonly associated with this disease. A typical manifestation of OEU occurs as a single ulceration that goes into healing after an incisional biopsy, a procedure usually required for a proper diagnosis of the disease...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456769/a-case-of-schwannoma-of-the-submandibular-region
#2
Babatunde O Bamgbose, Akiko Sato, Yoshinobu Yanagi, Miki Hisatomi, Yohei Takeshita, Irfan Sugianto, Junichi Asaumi
Background: We herein described a rare case of schwannoma of the hypoglossal nerve in the submandibular region with diagnostic imaging and histopathological findings. Case Report: A 31-years-old woman has had a palpable firm, rubbery, freely mobile mass in the submandibular region. Of imaging, MR images showed homogeneous isointensity on T1-weighted imaging (T1-WI), heterogeneous hypointensity on T2-WI, heterogeneous hyperintensity on short T1 inversion recovery (STIR), and heterogeneous enhancement on contrast-enhanced T1-WI...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456656/comparison-of-the-diagnostic-efficacy-between-ultrasound-elastography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-breast-masses
#3
Rong Cheng, Jing Li, Li Ji, Huining Liu, Limin Zhu
The present study compared the efficacy of ultrasound elastography (UE), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the combination of the two methods (UE+MRI) in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast tumors. In total, 86 patients with breast masses were recruited and evaluated by UE, MRI and UE+MRI. Strain ratios of UE were calculated for the breast mass and adjacent normal tissues. In addition, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was obtained, while the sensitivity and specificity were calculated to determine the optimal cut-off point for the differential diagnosis...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456579/splenic-cyst-as-a-rare-cause-of-fetal-abdominal-cystic-mass-a-multicenter-series-of-nine-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Waldo Sepulveda, Jose H Ochoa, Daniel Cafici, Amy E Wong, Federico Badano, Elena Andreeva, Elena Y Andreeva
Introduction: Congenital splenic cysts are a rare cause of abdominal cystic masses in the fetus. We describe nine cases of this condition, the largest reported experience to date. A review of the literature for similar cases was also performed. Methods: Cases of congenital splenic cyst were collected from three prenatal diagnostic centers and from a dedicated website of prenatal diagnosis. Information regarding clinical and sonographic findings was obtained by reviewing ultrasound reports and medical records...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456478/proximal-deletion-of-6q-overlapping-with-toriello-carey-facial-phenotype-prenatal-findings-clinical-course-differential-diagnosis-and-review
#5
Sofía Catena, Mariana Aracena, Óscar Pizarro, Karena Espinoza, Guillermo Lay-Son
Proximal deletion of 6q is a relatively rare chromosomal abnormality. Reported patients have deletions of different sizes but share partial overlap and present with similar clinical features, and some of them were described prior to the introduction of chromosome microarrays. We describe a male patient with prenatal sonographic findings of nuchal edema, intrauterine growth restriction, renal pelvis dilatation, and oligohydramnios. At birth, facial dysmorphism, retro/micrognathia, a short and wide neck as well as cardiovascular and renal anomalies were noted...
December 2017: Molecular Syndromology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456413/value-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-gallbladder-lesion
#6
Hui-Ping Zhang, Min Bai, Ji-Ying Gu, Ying-Qian He, Xiao-Hui Qiao, Lian-Fang Du
AIM: To describe contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) features and evaluate differential diagnosis value of CEUS and conventional ultrasound for patients with benign and malignant gallbladder lesions. METHODS: This study included 105 gallbladder lesions. Before surgical resection and pathological examination, conventional ultrasound and CEUS were performed to examine for lesions. Then, all the lesions were diagnosed as (1) benign, (2) probably benign, (3) probably malignant or (4) malignant using both conventional ultrasound and CEUS...
February 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456353/the-utility-of-preoperative-acth-cortisol-ratio-for-the-diagnosis-and-prognosis-of-cushing-s-disease
#7
Alev Selek, Berrin Cetinarslan, Zeynep Canturk, Ilhan Tarkun, Ozlem Zeynep Akyay, Burak Cabuk, Savas Ceylan
Purpose: Cushing's syndrome (CS) is a rare disease having diagnostic difficulties. Many diagnostic tests have been defined but none of these are diagnostic alone. Determination of the cause is another problem which sometimes requires more sophisticated and invasive procedures. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the utility of pretreatment plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)/cortisol ratios in patients with confirmed endogenous CS for the diagnosis and differential diagnosis of CS. Materials and Methods: This retrospective evaluation included 145 patients with the diagnosis of CS, 119 patients with Cushing's disease (CD), and 26 patients with ACTH-independent CS (AICS), in a university hospital...
January 2018: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456155/rheumatic-syndromes-and-occult-tumor-10-year-experience-in-a-teaching-hospital
#8
David Castro Corredor, Marco Aurelio Ramírez Huaranga, Ana Isabel Rebollo Giménez, Rocío Arenal López, José Luis Cuadra Díaz
OBJECTIVE: To describe the different clinical characteristics of patients admitted to the Rheumatology Department due to rheumatic manifestations as the first expression of an unknown malignant process. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive observational study involving the review of the medical records of those admitted to rheumatology in the University Hospital of Ciudad Real between January 2007 and August 2017 for initial rheumatic manifestations with a suspicion at discharge of an unknown tumor...
February 15, 2018: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455925/differentiation-of-remitting-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorders-from-multiple-sclerosis-by-integrating-parameters-from-serum-proteins-and-lymphocyte-subsets
#9
Peng-Peng Ip, Chen-Yen Chung, Chien-Ching Chang, Yu-Fang Lee, Hui-Min Wang, Ie-Bin Lian, Cathy Shen-Jang Fann, Chih-Chao Yang, Fang Liao
Differential diagnosis for neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and multiple sclerosis (MS) is always doubtful. To differentiate these diseases, we studied the immune status in the blood of patients with MS (n = 45) or NMOSD (n = 23) at remission phase. Remitting NMOSD patients had increased levels of CXCL13 and memory B cells, while remitting MS patients had elevated levels of galectin-9 and Th1 cells. A diagnostic model with these four variables is built to distinguish remitting NMOSD from MS with a sensitivity of 91...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Neuroimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455790/insertion-deletion-polymorphism-of-ace-gene-in-females-with-peripartum-cardiomyopathy-a-case-control-study
#10
Irfan Yaqoob, Nisar A Tramboo, Irfan A Bhat, Arshad Pandith, Jahangir R Beig, Imran Hafeez, Aijaz A Lone, Tariq R Shah, Sumera Samreen
BACKGROUND: The role of polymorphism of Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene and ACE activity in etiopathogenesis, prognosis, and many other clinical parameters in the various form of the cardiovascular disease has been established to some degree of certainty. The pathophysiology of Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) remains an area of active research. The main aim of our study was to see pattern of ACE- Insertion/Deletion (I/D) allele in PPCM and its implications on left ventricular performance indices...
January 2018: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455674/aggressive-fibromatosis-in-the-infratemporal-fossa-presenting-as-trismus-a-case-report
#11
Sunil Munakomi
BACKGROUND: Here we report a very rare entity of an infratemporal region aggressive fibromatosis in a 23-year-old Tharu man who had presented with the symptoms of painless but progressive trismus. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of aggressive fibromatosis in a 23-year-old Tharu man. Radiological imaging as well as an immunohistochemistry panel from a biopsy indicated a diagnosis of an aggressive fibromatosis. Since there was no aggravation in his trismus following surgery and because of his poor socioeconomic status, he was advised to attend regular follow-up visits without any adjuvant therapy...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455373/diagnostic-value-of-ultrasonography-for-the-detection-of-disc-displacements-in-the-temporomandibular-joint-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Naichuan Su, Arjen J van Wijk, Corine M Visscher, Frank Lobbezoo, Geert J M G van der Heijden
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to assess the added diagnostic value of ultrasonography (US) for establishing the presence or absence of disc displacements (DDs) in temporomandibular joints (TMJs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pubmed and EMBASE were searched electronically to identify diagnostic accuracy studies that assessed the diagnostic value of US for the diagnosis of DD, using Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the reference standard. Meta-analyses were performed with Metadisc 1...
February 17, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455318/expression-of-terminal-deoxynucleotidyl-transferase-tdt-in-classical-seminoma-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall
#13
Alexander Brobeil, Florian Wagenlehner, Stefan Gattenlöhner
Seminomas are the most frequent testicular tumors and in spite of specific markers some histological subtypes can be diagnostically challenging due to the potential overlap of morphologic features and a variant antigen expression. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) is a DNA polymerase present in hematogones, thymic T cells, lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (LBL), and in some cases of acute myeloid leukemia but so far has not been described to be expressed in seminomas. After observing a reactivity of TdT in one case of seminoma, we analyzed ten additional tumors by immunohistochemistry to determine their spectrum of reactivity for TdT...
February 18, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455222/encephalopathy-mimicking-non-convulsive-status-epilepticus
#14
Ramachandiran Nandhagopal, Fathiya Al-Murshedi, Mujahid Al-Busaidi, Amna Al-Busaidi
Primary hyperammonemic encephalopathy due to urea cycle disorders (UCD) typically manifests with episodic unresponsiveness and this clinical entity is not often included in the differential diagnosis of presumed non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE). However, this diagnostic consideration has therapeutic implications. In this report, we document the therapeutic importance of elucidating the specific cause of hyperammonemic encephalopathy that closely mimicked NCSE through 2 unique illustrative cases.
January 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454466/-dermoid-cysts-of-the-posterior-cerebral-fossa-in-children-revealed-by-recurrent-aseptic-meningitis-report-of-two-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
R Kouadria, M Derkaoui
INTRODUCTION: Dermoid cysts of central nervous system are very rare. The usual clinical presentation is dominated by intracranial hypertension, epilepsy and cranial palsy. The revelation mode could be recurrent aseptic meningitis. AIM: The aim of this case report is to consider the dermoid cyst as regards the differential diagnosis in children treated for recurrent aseptic meningitis to avoid misdiagnosis and ice qui a orienté le diagnostic à une méningitnadequate treatment...
February 14, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454379/resistance-to-deltamethrin-by-domestic-and-wild-triatoma-infestans-populations-in-the-municipality-of-toro-toro-potosi-bolivia
#16
Jorge Espinoza Echeverria, Marinely B Bustamante Gomez, Grasielle Caldas D Ávila Pessoa, Mirko Rojas Cortez, Antonio Nogales Rodriguez, Liléia Gonçalves Diotaiuti
BACKGROUND: Chemical control with pyrethroid insecticides has been effective in reducing endemic areas of distribution of Triatoma infestans in the Southern Cone, as well as Bolivia; this had considerably reduced the infestation of households in a large part of the territory. Nowadays, areas such as the Chaco and the Inter-Andean Valleys are regions where the reach of vector control strategies is becoming limited, and infestations of insecticide-treated households are reported more often...
February 17, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454377/chronic-recurrent-multifocal-osteomyelitis-a-case-report
#17
Maria Francesca Gicchino, Mario Diplomatico, Carmela Granato, Daniela Capalbo, Pierluigi Marzuillo, Alma Nunzia Olivieri, Emanuele Miraglia Del Giudice
BACKGROUND: Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO), also known as chronic nonbacterial osteomyelitis, is a rare, noninfectious inflammatory disorder that causes multifocal bone lesions with swelling and pain. Lytic and sclerotic bone lesions could be found on X-ray. Short tau inversion recovery magnetic resonance imaging (STIR MRI) shows bone marrow oedema, bone expansion, lytic areas and periosteal reaction. CRMO is characterized by periodic exacerbations and remissions of unclear/unknown pathogenesis...
February 17, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453935/evaluation-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-phosphorylated-tau-231-as-a-biomarker-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-vascular-dementia
#18
Spomenka Kiđemet-Piskač, Mirjana Babić Leko, Antonela Blažeković, Lea Langer Horvat, Nataša Klepac, Zdenko Sonicki, Danijela Kolenc, Patrick R Hof, Marina Boban, Ninoslav Mimica, Fran Borovečki, Goran Šimić
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of either Alzheimer's disease (AD) or vascular dementia (VaD) is still largely based on clinical guidelines and exclusion of other diseases that may lead to dementia. AIMS: In this study, we assessed whether the use of sensitive and specific biomarkers such as phosphorylated tau proteins could contribute to an earlier and more accurate diagnosis of AD and VaD, as well as to their differentiation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 198 patients, of which 152 had AD, 28 VaD, and 18 were healthy controls (HC), were included in the analyses...
February 17, 2018: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453430/increased-deficit-of-visual-attention-span-with-development-in-chinese-children-with-developmental-dyslexia
#19
Jing Zhao, Menglian Liu, Hanlong Liu, Chen Huang
It has been suggested that orthographic transparency and age changes may affect the relationship between visual attention span (VAS) deficit and reading difficulty. The present study explored the developmental trend of VAS in children with developmental dyslexia (DD) in Chinese, a logographic language with a deep orthography. Fifty-seven Chinese children with DD and fifty-four age-matched normal readers participated. The visual 1-back task was adopted to examine VAS. Phonological and morphological awareness tests, and reading tests in single-character and sentence levels were used for reading skill measurements...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453420/a-multiplex-serologic-platform-for-diagnosis-of-tick-borne-diseases
#20
Rafal Tokarz, Nischay Mishra, Teresa Tagliafierro, Stephen Sameroff, Adrian Caciula, Lokendrasingh Chauhan, Jigar Patel, Eric Sullivan, Azad Gucwa, Brian Fallon, Marc Golightly, Claudia Molins, Martin Schriefer, Adriana Marques, Thomas Briese, W Ian Lipkin
Tick-borne diseases are the most common vector-borne diseases in the United States, with serology being the primary method of diagnosis. We developed the first multiplex, array-based assay for serodiagnosis of tick-borne diseases called the TBD-Serochip. The TBD-Serochip was designed to discriminate antibody responses to 8 major tick-borne pathogens present in the United States, including Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Babesia microti, Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia miyamotoi, Ehrlichia chaffeensis, Rickettsia rickettsii, Heartland virus and Powassan virus...
February 16, 2018: Scientific Reports
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