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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786587/legal-protection-of-public-health-through-control-over-genetically-modified-food
#1
Nataliya Gutorova, Olena Batyhina, Maryna Trotska
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Science is constantly being developed which leads to both positive and negative changes in public health and the environment. One of the results of scientific progress is introduction of food based on genetically modified organisms whose effects on human health, to date, remain scantily studied and are ambiguous. The aim: to determine how human health can be influenced by food production based on genetically modified organisms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: international acts, data of international organizations and conclusions of scientists have been examined and used in the study...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783265/-international-experience-in-the-legal-regulation-of-the-circulation-of-medicines-through-the-prism-of-the-law-of-the-world-trade-organization
#2
Olena V Pasechnyk, Nataliia V Hendel
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The development of international legal cooperation in the field of health has largely been driven by the trade interests of states. The aim: The article analyzes the legal regulation of the circulation of medicines through the prism of the law of the World Trade Organization. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Using the historical legal method has allowed to analyze the genesis of legal regulation of the circulation of medicines through the prism of the law of the World Trade Organization...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781702/first-language-raters-opinions-when-validating-word-recordings-for-a-newly-developed-speech-reception-threshold-test
#3
Seema Panday, Harsha Kathard, Mershen Pillay, Wayne Wilson
 The purpose of this study was to consider the value of adding first-language speaker ratings to the process of validating word recordings for use in a new speech reception threshold (SRT) test in audiology. Previous studies had identified 28 word recordings as being suitable for use in a new SRT test. These word recordings had been shown to satisfy the linguistic criteria of familiarity, phonetic dissimilarity and tone, and the psychometric criterion of homogeneity of audibility. Objectives: The aim of the study was to consider the value of adding first-language speakers' ratings when validating word recordings for a new SRT test...
March 29, 2018: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780342/long-term-efficacy-of-psychosocial-treatments-for-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-meta-analytic-review
#4
Carlos López-Pinar, Sonia Martínez-Sanchís, Enrique Carbonell-Vayá, Javier Fenollar-Cortés, Julio Sánchez-Meca
Background: Recent evidence suggests that psychosocial treatments, particularly cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), are effective interventions for adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The objective of this review was to determine the long-term efficacy of psychosocial interventions in improving clinically relevant variables, including ADHD core symptoms, clinical global impression (CGI), and global functioning. Methods: In total, nine randomized controlled trials and three uncontrolled single-group pretest-posttest studies were included...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780312/combining-behavioral-and-erp-methodologies-to-investigate-the-differences-between-mcgurk-effects-demonstrated-by-cantonese-and-mandarin-speakers
#5
Juan Zhang, Yaxuan Meng, Catherine McBride, Xitao Fan, Zhen Yuan
The present study investigated the impact of Chinese dialects on McGurk effect using behavioral and event-related potential (ERP) methodologies. Specifically, intra-language comparison of McGurk effect was conducted between Mandarin and Cantonese speakers. The behavioral results showed that Cantonese speakers exhibited a stronger McGurk effect in audiovisual speech perception compared to Mandarin speakers, although both groups performed equally in the auditory and visual conditions. ERP results revealed that Cantonese speakers were more sensitive to visual cues than Mandarin speakers, though this was not the case for the auditory cues...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768586/gender-stereotypes-in-psychosocial-care-for-female-crack-and-powder-cocaine-users
#6
Érika Barbosa de Oliveira Silva, Adriana Lenho de Figueiredo Pereira, Lúcia Helena Garcia Penna
The study analyzed health professionals' conceptions toward female users of crack and powder cocaine currently receiving psychosocial care, based on a gender perspective. Seventeen health professionals were interviewed, and systematic observations were made of the spaces for collective care in a Center for Psychosocial Care specializing in alcohol and drug addiction in Greater Metropolitan Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Analysis of the interviews and field diaries using the hermeneutic-dialectic method revealed three categories: frailty as a constitutive attribute of women's condition, the women's emotional addiction to crack and powder cocaine use, and gender stereotypes during psychosocial care...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766480/-the-therapeutic-alliance-in-community-mental-health-services
#7
A Groenendijk, J Van Hecke
The treatment of severe mental illnesses is increasingly taking place in a domiciliary setting due to the deinstitutionalisation.<br/> AIM: Theoretical reflection on the influence of home treatment on the therapeutic alliance.<br/> METHOD: Qualitative review of possible effects of home treatment based on own experiences, the scientific literature, and recent handbooks on community mental health.<br/> RESULTS: The therapeutic relationship appears to be an important general factor in the outcomes of community mental health approaches...
2018: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766395/nonword-repetition-stimuli-for-vietnamese-speaking-children
#8
Giang Pham, Kerry Danahy Ebert, Kristine Thuy Dinh, Quynh Dam
Nonword repetition (NWR) has been a widely used measure of language-learning ability in children with and without language disorders. Although NWR tasks have been created for a variety of languages, minimal attention has been given to Asian tonal languages. This study introduces a new set of NWR stimuli for Vietnamese. The stimuli include 20 items ranging in length from one to four syllables. The items consist of dialect-neutral phonemes in consonant-vowel (CV) and CVC sequences that follow the phonotactic constraints of the language...
May 15, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764196/a-dialectical-and-dialogical-approach-to-health-policies-and-programs-the-case-of-open-defecation-in-india
#9
Robin Patric Clair, Rahul Rastogi, Seungyoon Lee, Rosalee A Clawson, Ernest R Blatchley, Charlotte Erdmann
A multi-pronged approach to health policy and programs related to open defecation (OD) is proposed via a qualitative study conducted in rural India. A dialogic and dialectic perspective is employed to interpret the key findings from nine focus groups, highlighting the dialectical views toward OD and latrines. Findings indicate that current policy may be too narrow as it does not fully deal with the multiple reasons, including social communication as well as gender, cultural, health and work identity issues, for OD...
May 15, 2018: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761488/psychological-therapies-for-treatment-resistant-depression-in-adults
#10
REVIEW
Sharea Ijaz, Philippa Davies, Catherine J Williams, David Kessler, Glyn Lewis, Nicola Wiles
BACKGROUND: Antidepressants are a first-line treatment for adults with moderate to severe major depression. However, many people prescribed antidepressants for depression don't respond fully to such medication, and little evidence is available to inform the most appropriate 'next step' treatment for such patients, who may be referred to as having treatment-resistant depression (TRD). National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guidance suggests that the 'next step' for those who do not respond to antidepressants may include a change in the dose or type of antidepressant medication, the addition of another medication, or the start of psychotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750353/who-is-my-jung-memories-reflections-prospects
#11
Martin Stone
The author describes his personal and professional journey in relation to the subject of the AJA 40th anniversary conference, 'Who is my Jung?' The first part of the paper covers his early life and his attempt to bring together two opposing parts within him: valuation of a scientific approach, and an interest in the inner world, dreams and the paranormal. Discussion of his professional life follows, including his relationship with Gerhard Adler, past problems and splits within the Jungian community and the author's attempts to heal these...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743941/cost-effectiveness-of-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-vs-enhanced-usual-care-in-the-treatment-of-adolescents-with-self-harm
#12
Egil Haga, Eline Aas, Berit Grøholt, Anita J Tørmoen, Lars Mehlum
Background: Studies have shown that dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is effective in reducing self-harm in adults and adolescents. Aims: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of DBT for adolescents (DBT-A) compared to enhanced usual care (EUC). Methods: In a randomised study, 77 adolescents with repeated self-harm were allocated to 19 weeks of outpatient treatment, either DBT-A ( n  = 39) or EUC ( n  = 38). Cost-effective analyses, including estimation of incremental cost-effectiveness ratios, were conducted with self-harm and global functioning (CGAS) as health outcomes...
2018: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740365/the-use-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-skills-training-in-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-for-spinal-cord-injury-a-case-study
#13
Araceli Flores, Marsha M Linehan, S Rob Todd, Hunter G Hoffman
Introduction: Paralysis from a spinal cord injury (SCI) increases risk of psychological problems including suicide attempts, substance use disorder, negative emotions (e.g., anger), depression, anxiety, ASD/PTSD. Dialectical Behavioral Therapy® (DBT®) has been shown to be effective for treating similar psychological symptoms in non-SCI patient populations. The current study explored for the first time, the feasibility and clinical potential of using Immersive Virtual Reality (VR) enhanced DBT® Mindfulness skills training to help reduce psychological symptoms (negative emotions and anxiety, ASD/PTSD) of two patients with SCI...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738659/-commitment-and-community-participation-towards-health-knowledge-creation-from-the-systematization-of-social-experiences
#14
Lizbeth López-Bolaños, Marisol Campos-Rivera, María Ángeles Villanueva-Borbolla
OBJECTIVE: Objective. To reflect on the process of committing to participation in the implementation of a health strategic plan, using Participative Systematization of Social Experiences as a tool. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Our study was a qualitative research-intervention study, based on the Dialectical Methodological Conception approach. We designed and implemented a two-day workshop, six hours daily, using Systematization methodology with a Community Work Group (CWG)...
March 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734940/correction-to-dialectical-behaviour-therapy-for-treating-adults-and-adolescents-with-emotional-and-behavioural-dysregulation-study-protocol-of-a-coordinated-implementation-in-a-publicly-funded-health-service
#15
Daniel Flynn, Mary Kells, Mary Joyce, Catalina Suarez, Conall Gillespie
Upon publication of the original article (1) it was highlighted by the authors that there was just one error in the manuscript in the 'Sample size' subsection of the Methods/Design.
May 7, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731724/suicidal-ideation-and-skill-use-during-in-patient-dialectical-behavior-therapy-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-diary-card-study
#16
Thomas Probst, Verena Decker, Eva Kießling, Sascha Meyer, Christine Bofinger, Günter Niklewski, Andreas Mühlberger, Christoph Pieh
Associations between suicidal ideation and skill use were investigated during in-patient dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) for borderline personality disorder (BPD). Participants were N = 44 patients with BPD undergoing a 5-week in-patient DBT program in a psychiatric clinic. They filled in a diary card each treatment day resulting in 1,334 skill use ratings and 1,364 suicidal ideation ratings. Treatment days were categorized as days with successful skill use (using skills and perceiving them as effective), days with no skill use, days with unsuccessful skill use (using skills but perceiving them as ineffective)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704965/changes-in-problematic-anger-shame-and-disgust-in-anxious-and-depressed-adults-undergoing-treatment-for-emotion-dysregulation
#17
Andrada D Neacsiu, Joscelyn Rompogren, Jeremy W Eberle, Kibby McMahon
Emotion dysregulation, the pervasive difficulty managing negative emotions, is a core problem across mood and anxiety disorders. Anger, shame, and disgust are particularly problematic emotions, impacting both disorder severity and treatment outcome. We previously found that a 16-week dialectical behavior therapy skills training group (DBT-ST) was superior to an activities-based support group (ASG) in decreasing emotion dysregulation in 44 adults with high emotion dysregulation who met diagnostic criteria for an anxiety or depressive disorder...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695715/real-life-achievement-of-lipid-lowering-treatment-targets-in-the-diabetes-and-lifestyle-cohort-twente-systemic-assessment-of-pharmacological-and-nutritional-factors
#18
Christina M Gant, S Heleen Binnenmars, Manon Harmelink, Sabita S Soedamah-Muthu, Stephan J L Bakker, Gerjan Navis, Gozewijn D Laverman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) in type 2 diabetes mellitus is of paramount importance in preventing cardiovascular disease. However, treatment targets for LDLc are often not reached. We studied the prevalence of LDLc target achievement in a real-life population of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in secondary care, and investigated whether in those not on target, there is room for intensifying pharmacological and lifestyle management according to current treatment guidelines...
April 25, 2018: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688873/assessing-the-marks-of-change-how-psychotherapy-alters-the-brain-structure-in-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#19
Falk Mancke, Ruth Schmitt, Dorina Winter, Inga Niedtfeld, Sabine C Herpertz, Christian Schmahl
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that psychotherapy can alter the function of the brain of patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, it is not known whether psychotherapy can also modify the brain structure of patients with BPD. METHODS: We used structural MRI data of female patients with BPD before and after participation in 12 weeks of residential dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT) and compared them to data from female patients with BPD who received treatment as usual (TAU)...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686614/traditional-chinese-medicine-for-bradyarrhythmia-evidence-and-potential-mechanisms
#20
Shuo Liu, Guihua Tian, Jing Chen, Xiaoyu Zhang, Aiming Wu, Min Li, Yang Sun, Baoshan Liu, Yanwei Xing, Hongcai Shang
Importance: The incidence of Bradyarrhythmias is high among the population. However, at early stages of the disease, it cannot always get enough attention and is lack of safe and effective therapies, until it is serious enough to resort to pacemaker implantation. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has a long history of treating Bradyarrhythmia, with a lot of formulas being widely used in clinical practice. While the effectiveness and the underlying mechanisms of these formulas have not yet been clearly identified...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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