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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621695/learning-challenges-and-sustainable-development-a-methodological-perspective
#1
Laura Seppänen
BACKGROUND: Sustainable development requires learning, but the contents of learning are often complex and ambiguous. This requires new integrated approaches from research. It is argued that investigation of people's learning challenges in every-day work is beneficial for research on sustainable development. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the paper is to describe a research method for examining learning challenges in promoting sustainable development. This method is illustrated with a case example from organic vegetable farming in Finland...
June 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615089/no-perceptual-reorganization-for-limburgian-tones-a-cross-linguistic-investigation-with-6-to-12-month-old-infants
#2
Stefanie Ramachers, Susanne Brouwer, Paula Fikkert
Despite the fact that many of the world's languages use lexical tone, the majority of language acquisition studies has focused on non-tone languages. Research on tone languages has typically investigated well-known tone languages such as Mandarin and Cantonese Chinese. The current study looked at a Limburgian dialect of Dutch that uses lexical pitch differences, albeit in a rather restricted way. Using a visual habituation paradigm, 6- to 12-month-old Limburgian and Dutch infants were tested for their ability to discriminate Limburgian tones...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608769/rights-based-and-person-centered-approaches-to-supporting-people-with-intellectual-disability-a-dialectical-model
#3
Stephen Glicksman, Chaim Goldberg, Corey Hamel, Ryan Shore, Avraham Wein, Daniel Wood, Joseph Zummo
Protecting human rights has increasingly become a focus of regulation regarding individuals with Intellectual Disability (ID). While this focus on rights has succeeded in protecting people with ID from many of the most insidious abuses of the past, an over-emphasis on the human rights of people with ID while ignoring other aspects of their personalities and environments can create challenges. This article proposes the use of a dialectical model to address challenges raised by the relationship between two equally valid but often unequally considered approaches, namely, rights-based and person-centered...
June 2017: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603444/the-art-of-living-with-nzt-and-ict-dialectics-of-an-artistic-case-study
#4
EDITORIAL
Hub Zwart
I wholeheartedly sympathize conceptually with Coeckelbergh's paper. The dialectical relationship between vulnerability and technology constitutes the core of Hegel's Master and Slave (the primal scene of contemporary philosophy). Yet, the empirical dimension is underdeveloped and Coeckelbergh's ideas could profit from exposure to case studies. Building on a movie/novel (Limitless) devoted to vulnerability coping and living with ICT, I challenge the claim that modern heroism entails overcoming vulnerability with the help of enhancement and computers...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603440/love-and-realism
#5
Pieter Lemmens
In this reply I try to show that, contrary to Milberry's apparent assertion, the general intellect of the multitude does not have the explanatory robustness she accredits to it (following both Virno and the Hardt and Negri of the Empire trilogy). Digital network technologies are currently overwhelmingly effective in proletarianizing and disempowering the cognitariat and only an active technopolitics of deproletarianization could reverse this hegemonic situation. In my response to Verbeek, I attempt to correct his misinterpretation (shared by Milberry) of the Stieglerian approach as being dialectical in nature and show that, far from reinstating the humanist dichotomy between human beings and technologies, my analysis assumes their original, albeit fundamentally ambiguous and even 'uncanny' [unheimlich] interconnection...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603439/the-struggle-for-technology-towards-a-realistic-political-theory-of-technology
#6
EDITORIAL
Peter-Paul Verbeek
Pieter Lemmens' neo-Marxist approach to technology urges us to rethink how to do political philosophy of technology. First, Lemmens' high level of abstraction raises the question of how empirically informed a political theory of technology needs to be. Second, his dialectical focus on a "struggle" between humans and technologies reveals the limits of neo-Marxism. Political philosophy of technology needs to return "to the things themselves". The political significance of technologies cannot be reduced to its origins in systems of production or social organization, but requires study at the micro-level, where technologies help to shape engagement, interaction, power, and social awareness...
2017: Foundations of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595838/deciphering-the-loop-of-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-inflammatory-cytokines-and-cancer-immunoediting
#7
REVIEW
Antonella Sistigu, Francesca Di Modugno, Gwenola Manic, Paola Nisticò
Tumorigenesis and tumor progression relies on the dialectics between tumor cells, the extracellular matrix and its remodelling enzymes, neighbouring cells and soluble cues. The host immune response is crucial in eliminating or promoting tumor growth and the reciprocal coevolution of tumor and immune cells, during disease progression and in response to therapy, shapes tumor fate by activating innate and adaptive mechanisms. The phenotypic plasticity is a common feature of epithelial and immune cells and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a dynamic process, governed by microenvironmental stimuli, critical in tumor cell shaping, increased tumor cell heterogeneity and stemness...
May 31, 2017: Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593188/barrett-s-stem-cells-as-a-unique-and-targetable%C3%A2-entity
#8
Wa Xian, Frank McKeon
Although metaplasias have always attracted because of their strangeness, it is now clear they represent precursors for some of the most intractable human cancers. Despite this notoriety, they remain curiously understudied, and even their origins have been the subject of acrimonious debate stretching back to Virchow in the 19th century. Barrett's esophagus, with its high incidence, easy endoscopic access, and strong link to esophageal adenocarcinoma, would seem an ideal opportunity to address the origin problem...
July 2017: Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583362/on-the-narrative-form-of-simulations
#9
M Norton Wise
Understanding complex physical systems through the use of simulations often takes on a narrative character. That is, scientists using simulations seek an understanding of processes occurring in time by generating them from a dynamic model, thereby producing something like a historical narrative. This paper focuses on simulations of the Diels-Alder reaction, which is widely used in organic chemistry. It calls on several well-known works on historical narrative to draw out the ways in which use of these simulations mirrors aspects of narrative understanding: Gallie for "followability" and "contingency"; Mink for "synoptic judgment"; Ricoeur for "temporal dialectic"; and Hawthorn for a related dialectic of the "actual and the possible"...
April 2017: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577590/dialectical-behavior-therapy-group-skills-training-for-bipolar-disorder
#10
Lori Eisner, David Eddie, Rebecca Harley, Michelle Jacobo, Andrew A Nierenberg, Thilo Deckersbach
There is growing evidence that the capacity for emotion regulation is compromised in individuals with bipolar disorder. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), an empirically supported treatment that specifically targets emotion dysregulation, may be an effective adjunct treatment for improving emotion regulation and residual mood symptoms in patients with bipolar disorder. In this open, proof-of-concept pilot study, 37 participants engaged in a 12-week DBT group skills training program, learning mindfulness, emotion regulation, and distress tolerance skills...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569604/adaptation-and-implementation-of-family-based-treatment-enhanced-with-dialectical-behavior-therapy-skills-for-anorexia-nervosa-in-community-based-specialist-clinics
#11
Erin C Accurso, Ellen Astrachan-Fletcher, Setareh O'Brien, Susan F McClanahan, Daniel Le Grange
Although family-based therapy (FBT) is a well-established treatment for anorexia nervosa, its implementation and effectiveness in clinical settings has been neglected. A group of seven therapists at a community-based eating disorders clinic were trained in skills-enhanced FBT and provided treatment to 11 youth with anorexia nervosa. Family-based skills training, which borrowed heavily from dialectical behavior therapy, was introduced in four additional sessions and then integrated throughout the remainder of FBT...
June 1, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567284/ethnically-tibetan-women-in-nepal-with-low-hemoglobin-concentration-have-better-reproductive-outcomes
#12
Jang Ik Cho, Buddha Basnyat, Choongwon Jeong, Anna Di Rienzo, Geoff Childs, Sienna R Craig, Jiayang Sun, Cynthia M Beall
Background and objectives: Tibetans have distinctively low hemoglobin concentrations at high altitudes compared with visitors and Andean highlanders. This study hypothesized that natural selection favors an unelevated hemoglobin concentration among Tibetans. It considered nonheritable sociocultural factors affecting reproductive success and tested the hypotheses that a higher percent of oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (indicating less stress) or lower hemoglobin concentration (indicating dampened response) associated with higher lifetime reproductive success...
2017: Evolution, Medicine, and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555557/-psychological-treatments-for-borderline-personality-disorder-a-review-of-cognitive-behavioral-oriented-therapies
#13
REVIEW
Sofia Marques, Daniel Barrocas, Daniel Rijo
INTRODUCTION: Borderline personality disorder is the most common personality disorder, with a global prevalence rate between 1.6% and 6%. It is characterized by affective disturbance and impulsivity, which lead to a high number of self-harm behaviors and great amount of health services use. International guidelines recommend psychotherapy as the primary treatment for borderline personality disorder. This paper reviews evidence about the effects and efficacy of cognitive-behavioral oriented psychological treatments for borderline personality disorder...
April 28, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555347/repetition-priming-effects-in-proficient-mandarin-cantonese-and-cantonese-mandarin-bidialectals-an-event-related-potential-study
#14
Aiwen Yi, Zhuoming Chen, Yanqun Chang, Shu Zhou, Limei Wu, Yaozhong Liu, Guoxiong Zhang
The present study adopted a repetition priming paradigm to investigate the bidialectal (bilingual) representation of speakers with different native dialects by event-related potential (ERP) technique. Proficient Mandarin-Cantonese and Cantonese-Mandarin bidialectals participated in the study. They were required to judge whether a word was a biological word or not, when the words (target word) were represented under four types of repetition priming conditions: Mandarin (prime)-Mandarin (target), Mandarin (prime)-Cantonese (target), Cantonese (prime)-Cantonese (target) and Cantonese (prime)-Mandarin (target)...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548603/beyond-demarcation-care-ethics-as-an-interdisciplinary-field-of-inquiry
#15
Carlo Leget, Inge van Nistelrooij, Merel Visse
BACKGROUND: For many years the body of literature known as 'care ethics' or 'ethics of care' has been discussed as regards its status and nature. There is much confusion and little structured discussion. The paper of Klaver et al. (2014) was written as a discussion article to which we respond. OBJECTIVES: We aim to contribute to the ongoing discussion about the status and nature of care ethics. RESEARCH DESIGN: Responding to 'Demarcation of the ethics of care as a discipline' by Klaver et al...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545758/the-role-of-affect-management-for-hiv-risk-reduction-for-youth-in-alternative-schools
#16
Larry K Brown, Laura Whiteley, Christopher D Houck, Lacey K Craker, Ashley Lowery, Nancy Beausoleil, Geri Donenberg
OBJECTIVE: Adolescents in alternative schools for behavioral and emotional problems have an earlier sexual onset and higher rates of sexual risk than their peers. They also often have difficulty managing strong emotions, which can impair sexual decision making. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention programs for these adolescents may be most effective if skills for coping with strong emotions during sexual situations are included. METHOD: This article reports the 6-month outcomes of a three-arm randomized controlled trial comparing an HIV prevention intervention with affect management (AM) to a standard, skills-based HIV prevention intervention (SB), and a general health promotion intervention (HP)...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545756/cognitive-behavioral-family-treatment-for-suicide-attempt-prevention-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Joan Rosenbaum Asarnow, Jennifer L Hughes, Kalina N Babeva, Catherine A Sugar
OBJECTIVE: Suicide is a leading cause of death. New data indicate alarming increases in suicide death rates, yet no treatments with replicated efficacy or effectiveness exist for youths with self-harm presentations, a high-risk group for both fatal and nonfatal suicide attempts. We addressed this gap by evaluating Safe Alternatives for Teens and Youths (SAFETY), a cognitive-behavioral, dialectical behavior therapy-informed family treatment designed to promote safety. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial for adolescents (12-18 years of age) with recent (past 3 months) suicide attempts or other self-harm...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544663/from-song-dialects-to-speciation-in-white-crowned-sparrows
#18
David P L Toews
The behavioural signals used in mate selection are a key component in the evolution of premating isolating barriers and, subsequently, the formation of new species. The importance of mating signals has a long tradition of study in songbirds, where many species differ in their song characteristics. In oscine songbirds, individual birds usually learn their songs from a tutor. Mistakes during learning can help generate geographic dialects, akin to those within human language groups. In songbirds, dialect differences can often be substantial and there is an intuitive connection between the evolution of song amongst populations at a small scale, and the more substantive song differences between bird species and presumably used in species recognition...
June 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515543/empirical-reality-of-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-in-borderline-personality
#19
EDITORIAL
M S Reddy, M Starlin Vijay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497868/person-centred-care-dialectics-inquired-in-the-context-of-palliative-care
#20
Joakim Öhlén, Sheryl Reimer-Kirkham, Barbara Astle, Cecilia Håkanson, Joyce Lee, Marjukka Eriksson, Richard Sawatzky
Although a widely used concept in health care, person-centred care remains somewhat ambiguous. In the field of palliative care, person-centred care is considered a historically distinct ideal and yet there continues to be a dearth of conceptual clarity. Person-centred care is also challenged by the pull of standardization that characterizes much of health service delivery. The conceptual ambiguity becomes especially problematic in contemporary pluralistic societies, particularly in the light of continued inequities in healthcare access and disparities in health outcomes...
May 12, 2017: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
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