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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426536/exploring-the-interaction-between-nursing-decision-making-and-patient-outcomes-in-2-european-cancer-centers-a-qualitative-study
#1
Dario Valcarenghi, Annamaria Bagnasco, Giuseppe Aleo, Gianluca Catania, Milko Zanini, Bruno Cavaliere, Franco Carnevale, Loredana Sasso
BACKGROUND: In some clinical settings, nurses have difficulty describing the outcomes of their caring activities. Understanding the reasons for this could help nurse leaders to improve the effectiveness and visibility of nursing practice and safeguard nurses' working conditions. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to understand how nurses working in 2 different adult cancer centers make healthcare decisions and assess the respective outcomes on their patients...
April 20, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424378/-recognition-care-and-prevention-of-suicidal-behaviour-in-adults
#2
Zoltán Rihmer, Attila Németh, Tamás Kurimay, Dóra Perczel-Forintos, György Purebl, Péter Döme
Suicide is a major public health problem everywhere in the world and in the WHO European Region suicide accounts for over 120,000 deaths per year. 1. Recognition and diagnosis: An underlying psychiatric disorder is present in up to 90% of people who completed suicide. Comorbidity with depression, anxiety, substance abuse and personality disorders is high. In order to achieve successful prevention of suicidality, adequate diagnostic procedures and appropriate treatment for the underlying disorder are essential...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420178/how-older-adults-and-their-families-perceive-family-talk-about-aging-related-eol-issues-a-dialectical-analysis
#3
Nichole Egbert, Jeffrey T Child, Mei-Chen Lin, Carol Savery, Tammy Bosley
For older adults, approaching end-of-life (EOL) brings unique transitions related to family relationships. Unfortunately, most families greatly underestimate the need to discuss these difficult issues. For example, parents approaching EOL issues often struggle with receiving assistance from others, avoiding family conflict, and maintaining their sense of personhood. In addition, discussions of EOL issues force family members to face their parents' mortality, which can be particularly difficult for adult children to process emotionally...
April 17, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417214/neural-processes-associated-with-vocabulary-and-vowel-length-differences-in-a-dialect-an-erp-study-in-pre-literate-children
#4
Jessica C Bühler, Franziska Waßmann, Daniela Buser, Flutra Zumberi, Urs Maurer
Although familiarity with a language impacts how phonology and semantics are processed at the neural level, little is known how these processes are affected by familiarity with a dialect. By measuring event-related potentials (ERPs) in kindergarten children we investigated neural processing related to familiarity with dialect-specific pronunciation and lexicality of spoken words before literacy acquisition in school. Children speaking one of two German dialects were presented with spoken word-picture pairings, in which congruity (or the lack thereof) was defined by dialect familiarity with pronunciation or vocabulary...
April 17, 2017: Brain Topography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402199/from-menarche-to-menopause-understanding-multigenerational-reproductive-health-milestones
#5
Kimberly Field-Springer, Deleasa Randall-Griffiths, Carol Reece
Our study aims at understanding multigenerational communication among grandmothers, mothers, and daughters experiencing reproductive health transitions from menarche to menopause. Thirty women, 10 triads of grandmothers, mothers, and daughters, participated in narrative interviews to recount their menarche and menopause experiences. Analysis was read using a multilayered approach to interpret discourse positioned from self, reflexive others, and those stories informed by societal meanings. Four dialectical themes informed by generational discursive shifts in talk included (1) covert versus overt talk, (2) recollection of versus indifference to menarche, (3) bound to versus freedom from menstruation, and (4) controlling versus managing bodily changes...
April 12, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397801/english-phonology-and-an-acoustic-language-universal
#6
Yoshitaka Nakajima, Kazuo Ueda, Shota Fujimaru, Hirotoshi Motomura, Yuki Ohsaka
Acoustic analyses of eight different languages/dialects had revealed a language universal: Three spectral factors consistently appeared in analyses of power fluctuations of spoken sentences divided by critical-band filters into narrow frequency bands. Examining linguistic implications of these factors seems important to understand how speech sounds carry linguistic information. Here we show the three general categories of the English phonemes, i.e., vowels, sonorant consonants, and obstruents, to be discriminable in the Cartesian space constructed by these factors: A factor related to frequency components above 3,300 Hz was associated only with obstruents (e...
April 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393646/-start-development-of-an-intervention-for-a-first-stabilization-and-arousal-modulation-for-highly-stressed-minor-refugees
#7
Andrea Dixius, Eva Möhler
START - Development of an Intervention for a First Stabilization and Arousal-modulation for Highly Stressed Minor Refugees This article focuses on the development of an intervention called "Stress-Traumasymptoms- Arousal-Regulation-Treatment" (START), through the process of working with refugeed minors in acute stress during the clearing process immediately on arrival in Germany. START is a short manualized structured intervention for crisis intervention and stabiliziation of children and adolescents suffering from intense stress and acute tension or desperation...
April 2017: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381262/structuring-supplemental-materials-in-support-of-reproducibility
#8
Dov Greenbaum, Joel Rozowsky, Victoria Stodden, Mark Gerstein
Supplements are increasingly important to the scientific record, particularly in genomics. However, they are often underutilized. Optimally, supplements should make results findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable (i.e., "FAIR"). Moreover, properly off-loading to them the data and detail in a paper could make the main text more readable. We propose a hierarchical organization for supplements, with some parts paralleling and "shadowing" the main text and other elements branching off from it, and we suggest a specific formatting to make this structure explicit...
April 5, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380249/development-and-initial-evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-dialectical-behavior-therapy-barriers-to-implementation-scale-bti-s
#9
Carla D Chugani, Michael E Mitchell, Yevgeny Botanov, Marsha M Linehan
OBJECTIVE: We examined the psychometric properties of the Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Barriers to Implementation Scale (BTI-S). METHOD: Participants were clinicians completing a bipartite training, separated by 6 months of self-study, to implement DBT. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted with data collected from the initial training period (N = 790), while confirmatory factor analysis was based on data from the final training period (N = 660). RESULTS: The final model included 26 items and 4 factors with overall acceptable fit, χ(2) (293, N = 660) = 460...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377640/readers-generalize-adaptation-to-newly-encountered-dialectal-structures-to-other-unfamiliar-structures
#10
Scott H Fraundorf, T Florian Jaeger
Growing evidence suggests that syntactic processing may be guided in part by expectations about the statistics of the input that comprehenders have encountered; however, these statistics and even the syntactic structures themselves vary from situation to situation. Some recent work suggests that readers can adapt to variability in the frequencies of known, but infrequent syntactic structures. But, the relation between adaptation to altered frequencies of familiar structures and learning to process unfamiliar, never-before-seen structures is under-explored...
December 2016: Journal of Memory and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376857/receptive-and-expressive-english-language-assessments-used-for-young-children-a-scoping-review-protocol
#11
Laureen J McIntyre, Laurie-Ann M Hellsten, Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Carolyn Doi
BACKGROUND: The majority of a child's language development occurs in the first 5 years of life when brain development is most rapid. There are significant long-term benefits to supporting all children's language and literacy development such as maximizing their developmental potential (i.e., cognitive, linguistic, social-emotional), when children are experiencing a critical period of development (i.e., early childhood to 9 years of age). A variety of people play a significant role in supporting children's language development, including parents, guardians, family members, educators, and/or speech-language pathologists...
April 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376683/analyzing-the-effects-of-psychotherapy-on-weight-loss-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-or-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-a-prospective-study
#12
F Gallé, A Cirella, A M Salzano, V Di Onofrio, P Belfiore, G Liguori
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Personality disorders are frequently associated with eating disorders in obese patients and may negatively affect weight loss and maintenance after bariatric surgery. This non-randomized study aimed to assess the effects of different psychotherapeutic interventions on weight loss in a sample of patients with borderline personality disorder who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 153 bariatric patients meeting borderline personality disorder criteria were chosen voluntarily and consecutively to undergo an interpersonal individual treatment (n = 50), a dialectical behavioral group treatment (n = 50), or treatment as usual (n = 53) for a year after surgery...
April 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367210/dialectics-of-imagination-and-experimentation-basic-science-research-in-developing-countries
#13
H R Ahmad, N A Khan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366897/revolutionizing-cuban-psychiatry-the-freud-wars-1955-1970
#14
Jennifer Lynn Lambe
This article traces the battle over Freud within Cuban psychiatry from its pre-1959 origins through the "disappearance" of Freud by the early 1970s. It devotes particular attention to the visit of two Soviet psychiatrists to Cuba in the early 1960s as part of a broader campaign to promote Pavlov. The decade-long controversy over Freud responded to both theoretical and political concerns. If for some Freud represented political conservatism and theoretical mystification, Pavlov held out the promise of a dialectical materialist future...
2017: Bulletin of the History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359380/validation-of-an-arabic-version-of-an-instrument-to-measure-waterpipe-smoking-behavior
#15
S Abou Arbid, A Al Mulla, B Ghandour, N Ammar, M Adawi, R Daher, N Younes, H A Chami
OBJECTIVES: Reliable and valid measures of waterpipe smoking are essential to study its health effects. The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of an Arabic translation of Maziak questionnaire that assesses various aspects of waterpipe smoking in epidemiological studies. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This questionnaire was translated, back translated, and culturally adapted to the local Arabic dialect...
April 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349573/where-is-the-dialectic-in-the-community-diversity-dialectic
#16
Jean L Hill
Agent-based modeling has provided some interesting investigations of the hypothesis that there is a dialectical relationship between sense of community and diversity. A close look at those models strongly suggests that only models in which the attributes of agents are fixed completely support that hypothesis. Models which acknowledge that diversity is contextually defined, and thus changeable, suggest that there is no inherent dialectical relationship between the two values. Rather, it is the context of the setting, the way in which the setting is socially constructed, that determines whether a strong sense of community can exist in highly diverse settings...
March 27, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348442/learning-additional-languages-as-hierarchical-probabilistic-inference-insights-from-first-language-processing
#17
Bozena Pajak, Alex B Fine, Dave F Kleinschmidt, T Florian Jaeger
We present a framework of second and additional language (L2/Ln) acquisition motivated by recent work on socio-indexical knowledge in first language (L1) processing. The distribution of linguistic categories covaries with socio-indexical variables (e.g., talker identity, gender, dialects). We summarize evidence that implicit probabilistic knowledge of this covariance is critical to L1 processing, and propose that L2/Ln learning uses the same type of socio-indexical information to probabilistically infer latent hierarchical structure over previously learned and new languages...
December 2016: Language Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343202/european-experience-of-regulating-distance-selling-of-medicines-for-ukraine
#18
Vitalii Pashkov, Yevhen Hrekov, Maryna Hrekova
INTRODUCTION: Some countries have already tried and tested mechanisms of regulating distance sales as form of distribution of medicines that have been used more or less effectively for a fairly long time. Herewith, so far, the approach of the competent authorities of some countries including Ukraine can be called prevailing in quantitative terms under which the official prohibition on distance sales of medicines is set. AIM: The aim of this study is a detailed examination of the nature of the prohibition of the medicines distance selling in Ukraine, namely the an analysis of advantages and disadvantages of this form of distribution of medicines and identification of appropriate ways for gradual repeal of the prohibition in terms of regulatory reform in Ukraine in the sphere of circulation of medicines due to the process of adaptation of statutory regulation in this area to the EU legislation...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338209/bridging-the-dialectic-diversity-psychological-sense-of-community-and-inclusion
#19
Anne E Brodsky
Although, there are many times when P/SOC and diversity appear in opposition, I argue that this conflict is not inherent to the concepts or their joint value, but to social contexts in which they are enacted in real life. The primary values of community psychology-building and supporting positive communities, social change, and social justice within a framework that recognizes the centrality of diversity, culture, inclusion, power, and privilege-actually bind diversity and community together. Thus, we can bridge this seeming dialectic through deeper reflection about the real and intended meaning, operationalization, and application of these two terms, and a reliance on the central values of our field...
March 24, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331780/what-works-in-the-treatment-of-borderline-personality-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Lois W Choi-Kain, Ellen F Finch, Sara R Masland, James A Jenkins, Brandon T Unruh
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: This review summarizes advances in treatments for adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) in the last 5 years. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence-based advances in the treatment of BPD include a delineation of generalist models of care in contrast to specialist treatments, identification of essential effective elements of dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT), and the adaptation of DBT treatment to manage post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and BPD...
2017: Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports
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