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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166665/meditation-experts-try-virtual-reality-mindfulness-a-pilot-study-evaluation-of-the-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-virtual-reality-to-facilitate-mindfulness-practice-in-people-attending-a-mindfulness-conference
#1
María V Navarro-Haro, Yolanda López-Del-Hoyo, Daniel Campos, Marsha M Linehan, Hunter G Hoffman, Azucena García-Palacios, Marta Modrego-Alarcón, Luis Borao, Javier García-Campayo
Regular mindfulness practice benefits people both mentally and physically, but many populations who could benefit do not practice mindfulness. Virtual Reality (VR) is a new technology that helps capture participants' attention and gives users the illusion of "being there" in the 3D computer generated environment, facilitating sense of presence. By limiting distractions from the real world, increasing sense of presence and giving people an interesting place to go to practice mindfulness, Virtual Reality may facilitate mindfulness practice...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162321/a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-effectiveness-of-a-novel-digital-pendant-and-voice-reminder-platform-on-increasing-infant-immunization-adherence-in-rural-udaipur-india
#2
Ruchit Nagar, Preethi Venkat, Logan D Stone, Kyle A Engel, Praneeth Sadda, Mohammed Shahnawaz
BACKGROUND: Five hundred thousand children under the age of 5 die from vaccine preventable diseases in India every year. More than just improving coverage, increasing timeliness of immunizations is critical to ensuring infant health in the first year of life. Novel, culturally appropriate community engagement strategies are worth exploring to close the immunization gap. In our study, a digital NFC (Near Field Communication) pendant worn on black thread and voice call reminder system was tested for the effectiveness in improving DTP3 adherence within 2 monthly camps from DTP1 administration...
November 18, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138998/crafting-socialist-embryology-dialectics-aquaculture-and-the-diverging-discipline-in-maoist-china-1950-1965
#3
Lijing Jiang
In the 1950s, embryology in socialist China underwent a series of changes that adjusted the disciplinary apparatus to suit socialism and the national goal of self-reliance. As the Communist state called on scientists to learn from the Soviets, embryologists' comprehensive view on heredity, which did not contradict Trofim Lysenko (1898-1976)'s doctrines, provided a space for them to advance their discipline. Leading scientists, often trained abroad in the tradition of experimental embryology, rode on the tides of Maoist ideology and repositioned their research...
November 7, 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096330/why-some-behaviors-spread-while-others-don-t-a-laboratory-simulation-of-dialect-contact
#4
Betsy Sneller, Gareth Roberts
The question of how behavioral variants compete and propagate is of primary importance to the study of cultural evolution; with respect to language, it is also an important focus of the field of sociolinguistics. Variant propagation can occur by neutral means-akin to drift in biological evolution-or through selection, whereby individuals are biased in what variants they adopt. An important bias concerns social meaning, and sociolinguistic theory distinguishes between variants that are primarily associated with a particular social group (such as working-class people or Texans) and variants primarily associated with a perceived trait of the group (such as toughness)...
November 5, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095374/achieving-drug-and-alcohol-abstinence-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-case-management-with-a-health-promotion-program
#5
Adeline M Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa E Salem, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Susan F Turner, Mark Faucette
BACKGROUND: Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in the community. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter parallel randomized controlled trial with 130 female parolees/probationers (aged 19-64 years) residing in the community randomly assigned to either DBT-CM (n = 65) or HP (n = 65)...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094967/a-dialectical-approach-to-theoretical-integration-in-developmental-contextual-identity-research
#6
Jayson Seaman, Erin Hiley Sharp, Andrew D Coppens
Future advances in identity research will depend on integration across major theoretical traditions. Developmental-contextualism has established essential criteria to guide this effort, including specifying the context of identity development, its timing over the life course, and its content. This article assesses 4 major traditions of identity research-identity status, eudaimonic identity, sociocultural theory, and narrative identity-in light of these criteria, and describes the contribution of each tradition to the broader enterprise of developmental-contextual research...
November 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093819/the-impact-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-sub-threshold-borderline-personality-disorder-on-the-course-of-self-reported-and-clinician-rated-depression-in-self-harming-adolescents
#7
Ruth-Kari Ramleth, Berit Groholt, Lien M Diep, Fredrik A Walby, Lars Mehlum
Background: Studies on adults suggest that the presence of comorbid depression and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is associated with an elevated risk of self-harming behaviours and that self-harming behaviours, when present, will have higher severity. This comorbidity, furthermore, complicates clinical assessments, which may be an obstacle to early identification and proper intervention. Adolescents who self-harm frequently report high levels of depressive symptoms, but this is often not reflected in the clinicians' assessment...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089145/the-empirical-status-of-the-third-wave-behaviour-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Jake Linardon, Christopher G Fairburn, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley, Leah Brennan
Although third-wave behaviour therapies are being increasingly used for the treatment of eating disorders, their efficacy is largely unknown. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the empirical status of these therapies. Twenty-seven studies met full inclusion criteria. Only 13 randomized controlled trials (RCT) were identified, most on binge eating disorder (BED). Pooled within- (pre-post change) and between-groups effect sizes were calculated for the meta-analysis. Large pre-post symptom improvements were observed for all third-wave treatments, including dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT), schema therapy (ST), acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), mindfulness-based interventions (MBI), and compassion-focused therapy (CFT)...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081547/the-dialectic-of-faith-and-reason-in-cornelio-fabro-s-reading-of-kierkegaard-s-theology
#9
Joshua Furnal
This essay explores the impact of Søren Kierkegaard upon the important Italian Thomist, Cornelio Fabro. Fabro rejected the caricature of Kierkegaard as an "irrationalist" and placed him firmly in the Christian tradition. By highlighting the influence of Kierkegaard upon a Thomist like Fabro, the relevance of Fabro's own thought is opened up for more contemporary debates in theology regarding the enduring legacies of German idealism, existentialism, and atheism.
September 2017: Theological Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078263/clinical-research-on-traditional-chinese-medicine-compounds-and-their-preparations-for-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#10
REVIEW
Jiayi Zhu, Lan Shen, Xiao Lin, Yanlong Hong, Yi Feng
PURPOSE: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a chronic, fatal neurodegenerative disease which leads to progressive muscle atrophy and paralysis. In order to summarize the characteristics of Traditional Chinese Medicine compounds and their preparations in the prevention and treatment of ALS through analyzing the mechanism, action site, and symptoms according to effective clinical research. METHODS: We searched ALS, motor neuron disease, chemical drugs, herbal medicine, Chinese medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), and various combinations of these terms in databases including the PudMed, Springer, Ovid, Google, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, and Wanfang databases...
October 19, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072511/normative-nasalance-scores-for-vietnamese-speaking-children
#11
Van Thai Nguyen, Lagle Lehes, Thi Thuy Hang Truong, Thi Van Anh Hoang, Triin Jagomägi
OBJECTIVE: The Nasometer is increasingly being used to complement auditory perceptual assessment of nasality. Nasalance scores which are obtained from the Nasometer vary across languages. Normative nasalance scores have been established for many languages but not for the Vietnamese language. The objective of this study was to obtain the normative nasalance scores for Vietnamese-speaking children. PARTICIPANTS: In this study, 102 healthy Vietnamese children speaking in the central regional dialect aged from 7 to 9 years (45 boys, 57 girls; mean age = 7...
October 26, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070480/internet-delivered-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-skills-training-for-suicidal-and-heavy-episodic-drinkers-protocol-and-preliminary-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Chelsey Wilks, Qingqing Yin, Sin Yee Ang, Brandon Matsumiya, Anita Lungu, Marsha Linehan
BACKGROUND: The need to develop effective and accessible interventions for suicidal individuals engaging in heavy episodic drinking (HED) cannot be understated. While the link between alcohol use and suicidality is a complex one that remains to be elucidated, emotion dysregulation may play a key role in alcohol-related suicide risk in these individuals. OBJECTIVE: In the current study, an 8-week Internet-delivered dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) skills training intervention was developed and preliminarily evaluated for suicidal individuals who engage in HED to regulate emotions...
October 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068773/handling-challenges-inherent-in-the-hospice-chaplain-role
#13
Kristin Lindholm
With an increasing number of terminal patients in the United States dying in the context of hospice, the role that hospice chaplains play in providing spiritual care for patients and their families is important to examine. The hospice chaplain role requires careful navigation of the development of relationships that may end abruptly, the expectations of hospice organizations, and the needs of both patients and families. The current study uses the concept of competing role dialectics to further our understanding of the challenges chaplains face as they enact this crucial role...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061627/smartphone-enhanced-low-threshold-intervention-for-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-seltian-waiting-for-outpatient-psychotherapy-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#14
David R Kolar, Florian Hammerle, Ekkehart Jenetzky, Michael Huss
INTRODUCTION: As smartphones are widely distributed nowadays, mental health apps seem to be a promising treatment tool. First self-help apps for eating disorders have been developed recently. However, studies assessing the efficacy of such apps are scarce. A smartphone app could prevent further weight reduction and increase commitment during waiting time for outpatient treatment, especially for adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN). In this study protocol, a randomised controlled trial to assess the efficacy of a smartphone-enhanced low-threshold intervention for AN during waiting time is described...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059656/vat-rates-on-medical-devices-foreign-experience-and-ukrainian-practice
#15
Vitalii Pashkov, Nataliia Hutorova, Andrii Harkusha
INTRODUCTION: In Ukraine differentiated VAT rates is a matter of debate. Today the Cabinet approved a list of medical products that has been changed three times resulting in changed VAT rates for specific products. European Union provides another method of regulation of VAT rates on medical devices. The abovementioned demonstrates the relevance of this study. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Comparative analysis of Ukrainian and European Union legislation based on dialectical, comparative, analytic, synthetic and comprehensive research methods were used in this article...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058989/unstressed-vowel-reduction-across-majorcan-catalan-dialects-production-and-spoken-word-recognition
#16
Miquel Llompart, Miquel Simonet
This study investigates the production and auditory lexical processing of words involved in a patterned phonological alternation in two dialects of Catalan spoken on the island of Majorca, Spain. One of these dialects, that of Palma, merges /ɔ/ and /o/ as [o] in unstressed position, and it maintains /u/ as an independent category, [u]. In the dialect of Sóller, a small village, speakers merge unstressed /ɔ/, /o/, and /u/ to [u]. First, a production study asks whether the discrete, rule-based descriptions of the vowel alternations provided in the dialectological literature are able to account adequately for these processes: are mergers complete? Results show that mergers are complete with regards to the main acoustic cue to these vowel contrasts, that is, F1...
October 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056846/a-cultural-adaptation-of-dialectical-behavior-therapy-in-nepal
#17
Megan K Ramaiya, Devika Fiorillo, Upasana Regmi, Clive J Robins, Brandon A Kohrt
Growing evidence exists on the potential for adapting evidence-based interventions for low- and-middle-income countries (LMIC). One opportunity that has received limited attention is the adaptation of psychotherapies developed in high-income countries (HIC) based on principles from LMIC cultural groups. Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is one such treatment with significant potential for acceptability in South Asian settings with high suicide rates. We describe a tri-phasic approach to adapt DBT in Nepal that consists of qualitative interviews with major Nepali mental health stakeholders (Study 1), an adaptation workshop with 15 Nepali counselors (Study 2), and a small-scale treatment pilot with eligible clients in one rural district (Study 3)...
November 2017: Cognitive and Behavioral Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053176/the-development-of-regional-dialect-locality-judgments-and-language-attitudes-across-the-life-span
#18
Elizabeth A McCullough, Cynthia G Clopper, Laura Wagner
The development of language attitudes and perception of talker regional background was investigated across the life span (N = 240, age range = 4-75 years). Participants rated 12 talkers on dimensions of geographic locality, status, and solidarity. Children could classify some dialects by locality by age 6-7 years and showed adult-like patterns by age 8 years. Children showed adult-like status ratings for some dialects by age 4-5 years but were not fully adult-like until age 12 years. Solidarity ratings were more variable and did not exhibit a clear developmental trajectory, although some adult-like patterns were in place by age 6-7 years...
October 20, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052376/-the-present-situation-and-countermeasures-of-uighur-medicine-compound
#19
Jiang He, Hong Wang, Lun-Li Zhang, Xiao-Jun Yang, Xuan-Chen Zhang, Wei-Jun Yang
Uighur medicine compound, which created and used by Uighur nationality, is under the guidance of the Uighur medical theory system of herbal formula and dialectical use of minority nationality conventional medicines. In recent years, Uighur medicine attracted more and more attention of people which have used and were using it. Combining the history of Uighur medicine, this article summarizes the Uighur resources, medicinal materials, drugs preparation, ancient documents, and the establishment of the clinical evaluation system and so on, and then analyzes the status quo and the existing problems in Uighur medicine compound research and industry...
April 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051500/odour-dialects-among-wild-mammals
#20
Eleanor Freya Kean, Michael William Bruford, Isa-Rita M Russo, Carsten Theodor Müller, Elizabeth Anna Chadwick
Across multiple taxa, population structure and dynamics depend on effective signalling between individuals. Among mammals, chemical communication is arguably the most important sense, underpinning mate choice, parental care, territoriality and even disease transmission. There is a growing body of evidence that odours signal genetic information that may confer considerable benefits including inbreeding avoidance and nepotism. To date, however, there has been no clear evidence that odours encode population-level information in wild mammals...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
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