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Fetal echocardiography

Esra Ozkavukcu, Andelib Babaturk, Nuray Haliloglu, Tuncay Yuce, Tayfun Ucar
Congenital aneurysms and diverticula of the heart are rare anomalies and their prenatal diagnosis is challenging. Fetuses with suspected cardiac aneurysms on ultrasound (US) screening should undergo targeted fetal echocardiography, postnatal imaging, and follow-ups. Herein, we describe the second trimester US scan and postnatal cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a baby girl with concurrent septal and right ventricular cardiac aneurysms. Other cardiac and extra-cardiac structures were normal...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Silvia G V Alvarez, Angela McBrien
The ductus arteriosus (DA) is a crucial part of the fetal circulation, both in the normal fetus and in critical congenital heart disease (CHD). It allows shunting between the pulmonary and systemic circulations. In physiological prenatal conditions, the DA lets the majority of right ventricular output bypass the fluid-filled, high-resistance lungs. The DA can cause hemodynamic compromise in the fetus and neonate when constricted or absent (in isolation or in patients with CHD) and may lead to pre- or postnatal sequelae within other systems when forming part of a vascular ring...
March 7, 2018: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Fabian Kording, Jin Yamamura, Manuela Tavares de Sousa, Christian Ruprecht, Erik Hedström, Anthony H Aletras, P Ellen Grant, Andrew J Powell, Kai Fehrs, Gerhard Adam, Hendrik Kooijman, Bjoern P Schoennagel
BACKGROUND: Fetal cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging may provide a valuable adjunct to fetal echocardiography in the evaluation of congenital cardiovascular pathologies. However, dynamic fetal CMR is difficult due to the lack of direct in-utero cardiac gating. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a newly developed Doppler ultrasound (DUS) device in humans for fetal CMR gating. METHODS: Fifteen fetuses (gestational age 30-39 weeks) were examined using 1...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Ran Svirsky, Dana Brabbing-Goldstein, Uri Rozovski, Livia Kapusta, Adi Reches, Yuval Yaron
INTRODUCTION: Our objective was an evaluation of the incidence of chromosomal aberration (both microscopic and submicroscopic) and the clinical outcome of fetuses with isolated muscular ventricular septal defect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 40 pregnant women whose fetuses were diagnosed with isolated muscular ventricular septal defect (mVSD). Of these, 30 patients underwent amniocentesis and 10 declined. All samples were tested by chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA)...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
J Pavlíček, E Klásková, E Doležálková, D Matura, R Špaček, T Gruszka, S Polanská, M Procházka
OBJECTIVE: To audit the development and success rate of prenatal detection of congenital heart defects (CHDs), and to evaluate the effectiveness of diagnostics performed in standardized scanning planes. SETTING: Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Ostrava. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHODS: Ultrasound examination of fetal heart (fetal echocardiography) was performed in the second trimester pregnancy. The observed region was the Moravian-Silesian region; the assessment was performed in the retrospective study performed between 2000- 2016...
2018: Ceská Gynekologie
Xue Sun, Wenjia Lei, Yu Wang, Faiza Amber Siddiqui, Ying Zhang
Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is a rare malformation. We describe a case of PAPVC, in which the left pulmonary veins coursed to the left innominate vein through a vertical vein and finally drained into the right superior vena cava; the right pulmonary veins were connected to the left atrium. Tracing the origin and destination of abnormal vessels presented at the three-vessel and trachea view is useful for the diagnosis. Four-dimensional echocardiography with high-definition flow imaging and spatiotemporal image correlation facilitates the identification of the drainage of fetal pulmonary veins, which should be considered as a complementary modality in obstetric ultrasonic examination when cardiac abnormalities are suspected...
March 5, 2018: Echocardiography
L Herling, J Johnson, K Ferm-Widlund, F Bergholm, N Elmstedt, P Lindgren, S-E Sonesson, G Acharya, M Westgren
OBJECTIVES: Color tissue Doppler imaging (cTDI) is a promising tool for the assessment of fetal cardiac function. However, the analysis of myocardial velocity traces is cumbersome and time-consuming limiting its application in clinical practice. The aim of this study was to evaluate fetal cardiac function during the second half of pregnancy and to develop reference ranges using a newly developed automated method to analyze cTDI recordings from a cardiac four-chamber view. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study including 201 normal singleton pregnancies between 18 and 42 weeks of gestation...
February 26, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Xuelei Li, Xu Li, David Saul, Zhen Zhao
We report on 2 different types of left pulmonary artery sling (LPAS), types IA and IIB, diagnosed by fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We suggest that fetal MRI is an effective tool for accurately diagnosing LPAS and helping guide its perinatal management. Fetal MRI is relatively unaffected by the conditions that limit visualization by echocardiography. When prenatal ultrasound detects either a possible anomalous origin of the left pulmonary artery or a tracheobronchial anomaly, fetal MRI may provide additional information to confirm the LPAS diagnosis and classify its type...
December 2017: Radiology Case Reports
Balaganesh Karmegeraj, Sushmita Namdeo, Abish Sudhakar, Vivek Krishnan, Radhamany Kunjukutty, Balu Vaidyanathan
Background: Limited information is available regarding the prevalence and outcomes of fetal tachyarrhythmias from the developing countries. Aims: This study aims to report referral patterns, management protocols, and pregnancy outcomes of fetuses with tachyarrhythmias reporting to a single center in South India. Methods: All fetuses with documented sustained fetal tachyarrhythmia during the study period (2008-2017) were included. Arrhythmia characterization and hemodynamic evaluation were done using fetal echocardiography...
January 2018: Annals of Pediatric Cardiology
Adam Morrison, John Kelly, Brian Rivera, Carl H Backes, Clifford L Cua
BACKGROUND: Abstract presentations of scientific information at meetings are important for broadcasting new information. Publication of these studies should be the final goal, but minimal data exist documenting publication rates, especially for paediatric sub-speciality meetings. The goal of this study was to document the manuscript publication rate for paediatric cardiac echocardiography abstracts and to determine whether there were differences between abstracts that were published versus not published...
February 13, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
Alvaro Sepúlveda-Martínez, Laura García-Otero, Iris Soveral, Laura Guirado, Brenda Valenzuela-Alcaraz, Ximena Torres, Mérida Rodriguez-Lopez, Eduard Gratacos, Olga Gómez, Fàtima Crispi
OBJECTIVE: M-mode and 2D have been proposed for evaluating fetal myocardial thickness. However, studies comparing the performance of both modalities are lacking. We aimed to compare 2D versus M-mode reproducibility for assessing myocardial wall thicknesses. METHODS: A prospective study including 45 healthy fetuses from low-risk pregnancies evaluated between 18 and 41 weeks of gestation. Left and right ventricular free-wall and septal myocardial thicknesses were measured at end-diastole (ED) and end-systole (ES) in transverse 4-chamber view using 2D and M-mode...
February 11, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Xin Zhang, Xiao-Wei Liu, Xiao-Yan Gu, Jian-Cheng Han, Xiao-Yan Hao, Yu-Wei Fu, Yi-Hua He
Berry syndrome is a rare congenital cardiac malformation. We describe 4 cases of Berry syndrome diagnosed by fetal echocardiography. Based on our experience, the three-vessel view is important for diagnosing the aortopulmonary window and aortic origin of the right pulmonary artery. Furthermore, the true cross-sectional and sagittal views obtained by continuously scanning from the three-vessel-trachea view to the long-axis view of the aortic arch are required to image the interruption or coarctation of the aortic arch...
February 11, 2018: Echocardiography
Tetsuya Ide, Takekazu Miyoshi, Shinji Katsuragi, Reiko Neki, Ken-Ichi Kurosaki, Isao Shiraishi, Jun Yoshimatsu, Tomoaki Ikeda
OBJECTIVES: Fetal cardiac rhabdomyomas are rare but well known to be associated with arrhythmia or conduction abnormalities. However, since in utero electrophysiological information is quite limited, it remains unclear which type of rhabdomyoma will develop arrhythmia after birth. The aim of this study is to identify factors that predict postnatal arrhythmia requiring therapy in fetuses with cardiac rhabdomyoma. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of infants prenatally diagnosed with cardiac rhabdomyoma was performed at our tertiary pediatric cardiac center between 1990 and 2016...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Bedriye Müge Sönmez, Murat Doğan İşcanlı, Tamer Durdu, İrfan Kala, Nurullah Tarhan, Pınar Uysal
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is a left ventricular systolic dysfunction failure emerges during the antepartum or puerperal period, and can result in maternal death. Reported incidences are increasing and differing globally. Echocardiography is the cornerstone for the diagnosis. The immediate goals in acute management are the stabilization of the hemodynamic state, providing symptomatic relief, and ensuring fetal wellbeing. Emergency physicians should be aware of PPCM at the differential diagnosis of dyspnea in pregnancy related emergencies and play role in early diagnosis...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Ann C Chau, Andrew Jones, Monique Sutherland, Christian Lilje, Stefan Sernich, Joseph Hagan, Joseph Miller
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics of fetal ventricular septal defects (VSDs) that will be less likely to close prenatally. METHODS: In this 4-year retrospective cohort study, 148 fetuses had a diagnosis of a VSD during a comprehensive fetal anatomy survey. The VSD diagnosis was confirmed by color and pulsed wave Doppler studies. These fetuses were followed monthly until their birth. They had postnatal echocardiography performed within 1 month of age to assess the persistence of a VSD...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Rick D Vavolizza, Pe'er Dar, Barrie Suskin, Robert M Moore, Kenan W D Stern
OBJECTIVE: Suboptimal cardiac imaging on obstetric ultrasound is a frequent referral indication for fetal echocardiography, even in the absence of typical risk factors for fetal cardiac disease. The clinical profile of patients and findings of examinations performed for such an indication are not well defined. Given the increased cost, time and resource utilization of fetal echocardiography, we sought to determine the clinical findings of such referrals. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a single-center review of such referrals from January 2010 to June 2016...
January 25, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Uisoo Chae, Mi-Young Lee, Hyerim Kim, Hye-Sung Won, Ki-Soo Kim, Hyun-Woo Goo, Jae-Kon Ko, Jeong-Jun Park
Coronary arteriovenous fistula (CAVF) is a rare condition defined as an anomalous termination of the coronary arteries. The etiology of CAVF is either congenital or acquired, and iatrogenic CAVF is most commonly caused by cardiovascular surgery or percutaneous intervention. Most of the prenatally diagnosed CAVFs were related to complex heart disease, and only few cases of an isolated CAVF have been reported to date. We successfully diagnosed an isolated CAVF by fetal echocardiography at 25.3 weeks of gestation...
January 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
Xinyan Li, Xiaoxia Qiu, Huan Huang, Yili Zhao, Xueqin Li, Meng Li, Xiaoxian Tian
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of using fetal heart size measurements derived from axial echocardiography to predict homozygous α-thalassemia-1. DESIGN: Prospective diagnostic study. SETTING: The carrier rate of α-thalassemia-1 (-/αα) in China's Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region is approximately 15%. If both parents are carriers, the risk of homozygous α-thalassemia-1 in one pregnancy is 25%. PATIENTS: Singleton mid-pregnancies at risk of homozygous α-thalassemia-1 were enrolled...
January 25, 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
Mélanie Lambert, Angèle Boet, Catherine Rucker-Martin, Pedro Mendes-Ferreira, Véronique Capuano, Stéphane Hatem, Rui Adão, Carmen Brás-Silva, Aurélie Hautefort, Jean-Baptiste Michel, Peter Dorfmuller, Elie Fadel, Tom Kotsimbos, Laura Price, Philippe Jourdon, David Montani, Marc Humbert, Frédéric Perros, Fabrice Antigny
Aims: Mutations in the KCNK3 gene, which encodes for an outward-rectifier K+ channel, have been identified in patients suffering from pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), and constitute the first described channelopathy in PAH. In human PAH and experimental pulmonary hypertension (PH), we demonstrated that KCNK3 expression and function are severely reduced in pulmonary vascular cells, promoting PH-like phenotype at the morphologic and hemodynamic levels. Since KCNK3 channel is also expressed in both the human and rodent heart, we aimed to elucidate the pathophysiological role of KCNK3 channel in right ventricular (RV) hypertrophy (RVH) related to PH...
January 19, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
Mehmet R Asoglu, Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Ozhan M Turan, Sifa Turan
Hyperglycemia during organogenesis is associated with an increased risk of congenital cardiac defects (CHDs). The pathophysiology leading to CHDs is not completely uncovered. However, elevated oxidative stress is considered to be the primary trigger that causes CHDs in fetuses of diabetic mothers. Maternal diabetes has been found to increase the risk for all types of CHDs. Diabetes may also impact the fetal cardiac performance at all gestational ages. Early detection of CHDs has certain advantages, such as making early decision about termination of pregnancy, enabling early genetic testing, and early reassurance if scan is normal...
January 21, 2018: Echocardiography
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