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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236651/intravenous-fluid-rate-for-reduction-of-cesarean-delivery-rate-in-nulliparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Robert M Ehsanipoor, Gabriele Saccone, Neil S Seligman, Rebecca Pierce-Williams, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have emphasized the need to promote vaginal delivery and have offered recommendations to safely prevent primary cesarean delivery. However, there has been limited discussion regarding management of intravenous fluids and other aspects of labor management that may influence labor. Therefore the aim of our study was to determine if an intravenous fluid rate of 250 vs 125 mL/hour is associated with a difference in cesarean delivery rate MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were performed in Medline, OVID, Scopus, ClinicalTrials...
February 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231670/-factors-associated-with-marital-status-among-spouse-after-diagnosed-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-in-china-2014
#2
J Li, J Xu, H L Tang, J Han, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with divorce or separation when one of the spouse diagnosed and newly reported as HIV positive, in China. Methods: Data from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System, by December 31, 2015 were used for collection on newly reported HIV cases regarding their baseline information in 2014 and follow-up within one year, among couples and above 18 year olds. HIV cases were divided into divorce/separation group and married group according to their marriage dynamics in one year after being diagnosed as HIV positive...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#3
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174202/ethics-rounds-ethical-concerns-when-minors-act-as-standardised-patients
#4
Erwin Jiayuan Khoo, Robert D Schremmer, Douglas S Diekema, John D Lantos
When minors are asked to assist medical educators by acting as standardized patients (SPs), there is a potential for the minors to be exploited. Minors deserve protection from exploitation. Such protection has been written into regulations governing medical research and into child labor laws. But there are no similar guidelines for minors' work in medical education. This article addresses the question of whether there should be rules. Should minors be required to give their informed consent or assent? Are there certain practices that could cause harm for the children who become SPs? We present a controversial case and ask a number of experts to consider the ethical issues that arise when minors are asked to act as SPs in medical education...
February 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#5
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158882/missed-opportunities-for-preventing-perinatal-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-florida-2007-2014
#6
Mary Jo Trepka, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Lorene M Maddox, Kristopher P Fennie, Diana M Sheehan, Maithri Prabhakar, Dan Thompson, Spencer Lieb
OBJECTIVES: Despite declining numbers of perinatally exposed infants, an increase in perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections from 2011 to 2013 prompted this study to identify missed perinatal HIV prevention opportunities. METHODS: Deidentified records of children born from 2007 through 2014, exposed to HIV perinatally, and reported to the Florida Department of Health were obtained. Crude relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for factors associated with perinatal transmission, nondiagnosis of maternal HIV infection, and nonreceipt of antiretroviral medication were calculated...
February 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153660/attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-vs-repeat-cesarean-in-the-second-stage-among-women-undergoing-a-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-delivery
#7
Moeun Son, Archana Roy, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: It is not well-characterized whether attempting operative vaginal delivery is a safe and effective alternative among women who undergo a trial of labor after cesarean delivery who are unable to complete second-stage labor with a spontaneous vaginal delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes that are associated with attempted operative vaginal delivery with those that are associated with second-stage repeat cesarean delivery without an operative vaginal delivery attempt among women who undergo a trial of labor after cesarean delivery...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146161/providers-compliance-with-practice-guidelines-of-prenatal-and-neonatal-care-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-2004-versus-2012
#8
Renata Jaccottet Freitas, Tiago Neuenfeld Munhoz, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Flávio Sérgio Chiuchetta, Fernando Barros, Aline Coletto, Alicia Matijasevich
Objective: To evaluate providers' compliance with practice guidelines of prenatal and neonatal care in order to reduce neonatal mortality. Methods: Uncontrolled before-and-after study designed to evaluate changes that occurred between 2004 and 2012, after the interventions proposed by the Municipality Committee of Research on Child Deaths, Foetal and Maternal Death (COMAI) on the frequency of the process indicators for perinatal assistance improvement. A total of 254 patients were studied in 2004 and 259 patients in 2012...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143513/utilization-of-institutional-delivery-service-and-associated-factors-in-bench-maji-zone-southwest-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#9
Niguse Tadele, Tafesse Lamaro
BACKGROUND: At the end of Millennium development goals, Ethiopia was included among 10 countries which constitutes about 59% of maternal deaths due to complications of pregnancy and/or childbirth every year globally. Institutional delivery, which is believed to contribute in reduction of maternal mortality is still low. Hence this study was conducted in order to assess utilization of institutional delivery and related factors in Bench Maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Cross sectional study was employed from September 1st - 30th, 2015 in Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia where 765 mothers who deliver 2 years preceding the study provided data for this research...
February 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124806/-unladylike-commotion-early-feminism-and-nursing-s-role-in-gender-trans-dialogue
#10
Marsha D Fowler
From nursing's history comes the impetus and grounding for our current voice in gender/trans dialogue. Modern nursing struggled its way into being against restrictive, unjust, and oppressive social structures. Many of the obstructions and constraints that nurses and nursing leaders faced were shared by the general populace of women, and yet nurses were different from other women. Nurses worked outside the home, caring for strangers, including unrelated men, in a period when women were otherwise confined to the home...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107156/mandatory-reporting-of-human-trafficking-potential-benefits-and-risks-of-harm
#11
Abigail English
Human trafficking, including both sex and labor trafficking, has profound consequences for the safety, health, and well-being of victims and survivors. Efforts to address human trafficking through prevention, protection, and prosecution are growing but remain insufficient. Mandatory reporting has the potential to bring victims and survivors to the attention of social service and law enforcement agencies but may discourage trafficked persons from seeking help, thereby limiting the ability of health care professionals to establish trust and provide needed care...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079443/breastfeeding-in-women-having-experienced-childhood-sexual-abuse
#12
Constanze Elfgen, Niels Hagenbuch, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can have a serious effect on general and obstetric health. Breastfeeding includes several triggers for memories of abuse experiences, which will likely influence decisions about breastfeeding and its implementation in daily life. This is important since breastfeeding improves maternal well-being and bonding with the child. Research aim: As breastfeeding strongly influences the long-term health of children, we investigated experiences with breastfeeding in women with a history of CSA...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068675/nutrition-habits-and-health-outcomes-of-breastfeeding-hiv-positive-mothers-in-the-dschang-health-district-west-region-cameroon
#13
Martin Sanou Sobze, Tsi Kien-Atsu, Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Armand TiotsiaTsapi, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Sali Ben Bechir, Augusto Pana, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
BACKGROUND: Amongst the different at-risk periods for mother-to-child HIV transmission that is, during pregnancy, labor and delivery and breastfeeding, much care and attention needs to be given, not only to the child as concerns its feeding options, but also to the mother. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional habits and health outcomes of HIV-positive breastfeeding mothers in the Dschang Health District, in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) activities...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029180/long-term-childhood-outcomes-of-breech-presentation-by-intended-mode-of-delivery-a-population-record-linkage-study
#14
Yu Sun Bin, Jane B Ford, Michael C Nicholl, Christine L Roberts
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information on long-term outcomes by mode of delivery for term breech presentation. We aimed to compare childhood mortality, cerebral palsy, hospitalizations, developmental, and educational outcomes associated with intended vaginal breech birth (VBB) with planned cesarean section. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population birth and hospital records from New South Wales, Australia, were used to identify women with non-anomalous pregnancies eligible for VBB during 2001-2012...
December 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002994/implementation-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-pmtct-program-in-the-northern-cape-south-africa
#15
Bianca Myburgh, Riette Nel, Ronette Lategan-Potgieter
BACKGROUND: South Africa's Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) program has been implemented for over ten years. This has led to a considerable reduction in mother-to-child transmissions. In 2010, the Northern Cape Province had a 1.4% transmission rate, being the lowest in the country. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of the PMTCT program in the Frances Baard district, Northern Cape Province; South Africa and identify factors that may influence the effectiveness of this program...
December 21, 2016: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982369/mapping-of-nutrition-and-sectoral-policies-addressing-malnutrition-in-latin-america
#16
María Cristina Tirado, Luis Galicia, Hannah M Husby, Jaime Lopez, Stephania Olamendi, Maria Pia Chaparro, María A González, Rubén Grajeda
Objective: To map existing policies addressing malnutrition in all its forms in Latin America and identify gaps in enabling environments supporting the five priority lines of action outlined in the World Health Organization Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition (CIP) approved in 2014. Methods: This descriptive study consisted of a systematic Internet search for and mapping of publicly available nutrition-related and sectoral policies already in place to address malnutrition in all its forms in 18 Latin American countries (Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay)...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940704/planned-birth-before-39-weeks-and-child-development-a-population-based-study
#17
Jason P Bentley, Christine L Roberts, Jenny R Bowen, Andrew J Martin, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of gestational age and mode of birth with early child development. METHODS: Population-based record linkage cohort study was conducted among 153 730 live-born infants of ≥32 weeks' gestation with developmental assessments at school age, in New South Wales, Australia, 2002 to 2007. Children were assessed in 5 domains: physical health and well-being, language and cognition, social competence, emotional maturity, and general knowledge and communication...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928456/undernutrition-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-yemen-role-of-adequate-childcare-provided-by-adults-under-conditions-of-food-insecurity
#18
Saber Al-Sobaihi, Keiko Nakamura, Masashi Kizuki
Objective: This study examined the associations between the adequacy of childcare provided by adult caretakers and childhood undernutrition in rural Yemen, independent of household wealth and food consumption. Methods: We analyzed data of 3,549 children under the age of 5 years living in rural areas of Yemen based on the 2013 Yemen Baseline Survey of Mother and Child Health. Nutritional status was evaluated by the presence of underweight, stunting, and wasting according to the World Health Organization child growth standards...
2016: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903080/inter-pregnancy-interval-and-adverse-outcomes-evidence-for-an-additional-risk-in-health-disparate-populations
#19
Shyama Appareddy, Jason Pryor, Beth Bailey
OBJECTIVE: Short interpregnancy interval (IPI), <18 months between pregnancies, is a potential cause of adverse delivery and birth outcomes, and may be a particular issue among those with other risks. Our goal was to examine IPI and delivery/infant complications in Tennessee. METHODS: Birth certificate/vital records data included 101,912 women with a previous delivery. IPI groups (<6, 6-12, 12-18, 18-60 months) were compared on outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the deliveries had IPI <18 months, 9% were <6 months, rates 11% and 27% higher than nationally...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885286/immediate-outcome-of-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-in-hypoxiate-newborns-in-nepal-medical-college
#20
S Shrestha, G S Shrestha, A Sharma
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is the fifth major cause of under-five child deaths after pneumonia, diarrhoea, neonatal infections and complications of preterm birth. It is one of the important causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity accounting up to 30% of neonatal death in Nepal. It is also an important cause of long-term neurological disability and impairment. The mortality rate due to birth asphyxia is considered a good guide to the quality of perinatal care. This study was conducted to assess the rate of birth asphyxia, risk factors and outcome of the babies who were asphyxiated at birth...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
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