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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143622/lives-saved-tool-list-costing-a-module-to-examine-costs-and-prioritize-interventions
#1
Lori A Bollinger, Rachel Sanders, William Winfrey, Adebiyi Adesina
BACKGROUND: Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals will require careful allocation of resources in order to achieve the highest impact. The Lives Saved Tool (LiST) has been used widely to calculate the impact of maternal, neonatal and child health (MNCH) interventions for program planning and multi-country estimation in several Lancet Series commissions. As use of the LiST model increases, many have expressed a desire to cost interventions within the model, in order to support budgeting and prioritization of interventions by countries...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143618/using-the-missed-opportunity-tool-as-an-application-of-the-lives-saved-tool-list-for-intervention-prioritization
#2
Yvonne Tam, Luwei Pearson
BACKGROUND: The Missed Opportunity tool was developed as an application in the Lives Saved Tool (LiST) to allow users to quickly compare the relative impact of interventions. Global Financing Facility (GFF) investment cases have been identified as a potential application of the Missed Opportunity analyses in Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Ethiopia, Kenya, and Tanzania, to use 'lives saved' as a normative factor to set priorities. METHODS: The Missed Opportunity analysis draws on data and methods in LiST to project maternal, stillbirth, and child deaths averted based on changes in interventions' coverage...
November 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141707/importance-and-contribution-of-community-social-and-healthcare-risk-factors-for-hepatitis-c-infection-in-pakistan
#3
Adam Trickey, Margaret T May, Charlotte Davies, Huma Qureshi, Saeed Hamid, Hassan Mahmood, Quaid Saeed, Matthew Hickman, Nancy Glass, Francisco Averhoff, Peter Vickerman
Pakistan has a high prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, estimated at 4.9% (2,290/46,843) in the 2007 national HCV seroprevalence survey. We used data from this survey to assess the importance of risk factor associations with HCV prevalence in Pakistan. Exposures were grouped as community (going to the barbers, sharing smoking equipment, having an ear/nose piercing, tattoo, or acupuncture), healthcare (ever having hemodialysis, blood transfusion, or ≥ 5 injections in the last year), demographic (marital status and age), and socio-economic (illiterate or laborer)...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138035/defining-failed-induction-of-labor
#4
William A Grobman, Jennifer Bailit, Yinglei Lai, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Kenneth J Leveno, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, George Saade, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
BACKGROUND: While there are well-accepted standards for the diagnosis of arrested active-phase labor, the definition of a "failed" induction of labor remains less certain. One approach to diagnosing a failed induction is based on the duration of the latent phase. However, a standard for the minimum duration that the latent phase of a labor induction should continue, absent acute maternal or fetal indications for cesarean delivery, remains lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes as a function of the duration of the latent phase among nulliparous women undergoing labor induction...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112856/the-experience-of-violence-against-children-in-domestic-servitude-in-haiti-results-from-the-violence-against-children-survey-haiti-2012
#5
Leah Gilbert, Avid Reza, James Mercy, Veronica Lea, Juliette Lee, Likang Xu, Louis Herns Marcelin, Marisa Hast, John Vertefeuille, Jean Wysler Domercant
BACKGROUND: There have been estimates that over 150,000 Haitian children are living in servitude. Child domestic servants who perform unpaid labor are referred to as "restavèks." Restavèks are often stigmatized, prohibited from attending school, and isolated from family placing them at higher risk for experiencing violence. In the absence of national data on the experiences of restavèks in Haiti, the study objective was to describe the sociodemographic characteristics of restavèks in Haiti and to assess their experiences of violence in childhood...
November 4, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112649/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-utilization-of-labor-management-strategies-intended-to-reduce-cesarean-delivery-rates
#6
Lynn M Yee, Maged M Costantine, Madeline Murguia Rice, Jennifer Bailit, Uma M Reddy, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, John M Thorp, Steve N Caritis, Mona Prasad, Alan T N Tita, Yoram Sorokin, Dwight J Rouse, Sean C Blackwell, Jorge E Tolosa
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether racial and ethnic differences exist in the frequency of and indications for cesarean delivery and to assess whether application of labor management strategies intended to reduce cesarean delivery rates is associated with patient's race and ethnicity. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter observational obstetric cohort. Trained research personnel abstracted maternal and neonatal records of greater than 115,000 pregnant women from 25 hospitals (2008-2011)...
November 3, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082725/upcoming-strategies-in-obstetrics-how-the-technology-of-clinical-audit-may-reduce-cesarean-birth
#7
Sara Paracchini, Bianca Masturzo, Domenico Tangolo, Enrica Roletti, Annalisa Piazzese, Rossella Attini, Alessandro Rolfo, Tullia Todros
BACKGROUND: The rate of cesarean delivery is currently increasing all over Europe. In Italy it reaches 38% of all child births. Therefore, it is important to identify the clinical and organizational variables that determine the appropriateness of elective cesarean delivery. With this aim we chose the technology of clinical audit, a process that promotes improvement in clinical practice through systematic review of clinical care in relation with explicit standards derived from scientific literature...
December 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078940/is-there-a-place-for-outpatient-preinduction-cervical-ripening
#8
REVIEW
Beth Leopold, Anthony Sciscione
Induction of labor continues to be one of the most commonly performed tasks in obstetrics. If trials like the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development's ARRIVE trial show that delivery for all women at 39 weeks provides a significant advantage in pregnancy outcomes, the number of women who require induction of labor will considerably increase. Strategies to improve patient/family satisfaction, decrease resource allocation and costs, and assure safety are paramount. Although there are many potential candidates, it seems that outpatient preinduction cervical ripening with the Foley catheter meets these criteria in a properly selected group of low-risk women...
December 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070047/on-measuring-and-decomposing-inequality-of-opportunity-in-access-to-health-services-among-tunisian-children-a-new-approach-for-public-policy
#9
Anis Saidi, Mekki Hamdaoui
BACKGROUND: The early years in children's life are the key to physical, cognitive-language, and, socio-emotional skills development. So, it is of paramount importance in this period to be interested in different indicators that would influence the child's health. METHODS: This paper measures inequality of opportunities among Tunisian children concerning access to nutritional and healthy services using Human Opportunity-Index and Shapely decomposition methods. RESULTS: Many disparities between regions have been detected since 1982 until 2012...
October 25, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059657/-the-information-analytical-provision-of-the-analysis-of-the-indicators-of-morbidity-among-children-s-population-of-ukraine
#10
Инна В Беликова, Александр В Катрушов, Нина Р Радченко
INTRODUCTION: Children's health is the future of the Ukrainian nation, the intellectual and labor potential of our society. The study of the state of health of the child population, the identification of features and trends in different age groups, in different areas of residence makes it possible to identify priority problems and determine the policy of prevention. Тhe aim: The study of the health indicators of the child population, the specifics of the formation of data on the health of children and adolescents, the identification of the appropriateness of recording and analyzing the risk factors for the occurrence of the most common diseases...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056755/father-s-labour-migration-and-children-s-school-discontinuation-in-rural-mozambique
#11
Scott T Yabiku, Victor Agadjanian
We examine how the discontinuation of schooling among left-behind children is related to multiple dimensions of male labor migration: the accumulation of migration experience, the timing of these migration experiences in the child's life course, and the economic success of the migration. Our setting is rural southern Mozambique, an impoverished area with massive male labor out-migration. Results show that fathers' economically successful labor migration is more beneficial for children's schooling than unsuccessful migration or non-migration...
August 2017: International Migration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037175/a-ten-year-study-of-midwife-led-care-at-an-austrian-tertiary-care-center-a-retrospective-analysis-with-special-consideration-of-perineal-trauma
#12
Barbara Bodner-Adler, Oliver Kimberger, Julia Griebaum, Peter Husslein, Klaus Bodner
BACKGROUND: In contrast to other countries, Austria rarely offers alternative models to medical led-care. In an attempt to improve the facilities, a midwife-led care service was incorporated within the Department of Obstetrics and Fetomaternal Medicine. The aim of the present study was to analyze the maternal and neonatal outcomes of this approach. METHODS: Over a 10-years period, a total of 2123 low-risk women receiving midwife-led care were studied. Among these women, 148 required obstetric referral...
October 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033460/mortality-and-morbidity-in-the-21-st-century
#13
Anne Case, Angus Deaton
We build on and extend the findings in Case and Deaton (2015) on increases in mortality and morbidity among white non-Hispanic Americans in midlife since the turn of the century. Increases in all-cause mortality continued unabated to 2015, with additional increases in drug overdoses, suicides, and alcohol-related liver mortality, particularly among those with a high-school degree or less. The decline in mortality from heart disease has slowed and, most recently, stopped, and this combined with the three other causes is responsible for the increase in all-cause mortality...
2017: Brookings Papers on Economic Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993714/consequences-of-partner-incarceration-for-women-s-employment
#14
Angela Bruns
Research has documented the limited opportunities men have to earn income while in prison and the barriers to securing employment and decent wages upon release. However, little research has considered the relationship between men's incarceration and the employment of the women in their lives. Economic theory suggests that family members of incarcerated individuals may attempt to smooth income fluctuation resulting from incarceration by increasing their labor supply. This study used data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N = 3,780) to investigate how men's incarceration is associated with the number of hours their female partners work as well as variation in this association...
October 2017: Journal of Marriage and the Family
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982300/laparoscopic-liver-resection-for-hemorrhagic-hepatocellular-adenoma-in-a-pregnant-patient
#15
F Gryspeerdt, R Aerts
INTRODUCTION: Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign neoplasm of the liver, however, with a potential for life-threatening hemorrhage. The unpredictable course during pregnancy poses a clinical dilemma in the pregnant patient. Intra-peritoneal rupture may lead to life-threatening situations with adverse outcome for mother and unborn child. A pre-emptive strategy with adequate treatment before pregnancy is strongly advised. However, the strategy for treating symptomatic HCA during pregnancy remains challenging as experience is limited...
October 5, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967604/-neonatal-presentation-of-prader-willi-syndrome-a-report-of-five-cases
#16
B Richard-De Ceaurriz, C Leymarie, A Godefroy, P Collignon, S Sigaudy, P Truc
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a fingerprint disease caused by the loss of paternally inherited chromosome 15q11.2-q13. In several populations studied, prevalence is estimated to be from 1/10,000 to 1/25,000 births. The disease initially manifests by neonatal hypotonia associated with orality disorders. Secondly, hyperphagia appears with significant obesity and hypogonadism. Motor milestones and language development are delayed, and all individuals have variable degrees of cognitive disability during childhood...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965575/severe-selenium-deficits-in-pregnant-women-irrespective-of-autoimmune-thyroid-disease-in-an-area-with-marginal-selenium-intake
#17
Urszula Ambroziak, Sandra Hybsier, Urszula Shahnazaryan, Małgorzata Krasnodębska-Kiljańska, Eddy Rijntjes, Zbigniew Bartoszewicz, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Lutz Schomburg
OBJECTIVES: Selenium (Se) deficiency is related to an increased risk of preterm labor, miscarriage, preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and other obstetric complications. As the Se status declines during pregnancy, we hypothesized that the decline may be exacerbated in women with autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pregnant women (n=74; 30 [23-38] years) were consecutively recruited from the district of Warsaw, Poland, and divided into healthy subjects (HS, n=45), and women with a diagnosis of AITD (AITD, n=29)...
December 2017: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958167/age-at-menarche-and-the-risk-of-operative-delivery
#18
Hsu Phern Chong, J Frederik Frøen, Sylvia Richardson, Benoit Liquet, D Stephen Charnock-Jones, Gordon C S Smith
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate the impact of later menarche on the risk of operative delivery. POPULATION: We studied 38,069 eligible women (first labors at term with a singleton infant in a cephalic presentation) from the Norwegian Mothers and Child Cohort Study. The main exposures were the age at menarche and the duration of the interval between menarche and the first birth. METHODS: Poisson's regression with a robust variance estimator...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943749/family-structure-and-childhood-anthropometry-in-saint-paul-minnesota-in-1918
#19
Evan Roberts, John Robert Warren
Concern with childhood nutrition prompted numerous surveys of children's growth in the United States after 1870. The Children's Bureau's 1918 "Weighing and Measuring Test" measured two million children to produce the first official American growth norms. Individual data for 14,000 children survives from the Saint Paul, Minnesota survey whose stature closely approximated national norms. As well as anthropometry the survey recorded exact ages, street address and full name. These variables allow linkage to the 1920 census to obtain demographic and socioeconomic information...
2017: History of the Family: An International Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921621/-but-we-want-to-work-the-movement-of-child-workers-in-peru-and-the-actions-for-reducing-child-labor
#20
Isidro Maya Jariego
The program Edúcame Primero (Educate Me First) is an evidence-based practice for eradicating child labor that has been applied with positive results in Colombia, Peru, and several Central American countries. In this article, we describe the difficulties of implementing the program in two poor areas of Lima (Peru) between 2014 and 2016. Specifically, we discuss three ethical challenges faced during the implementation of the program: (a) the existence of a movement of working children that defends the right of children to work; (b) the polarization of some community-based associations and government institutions on how to deal with the problems of working children; and (c) the use of network indicators in the evaluation of the community's level of cohesion...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
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