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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079443/breastfeeding-in-women-having-experienced-childhood-sexual-abuse
#1
Constanze Elfgen, Niels Hagenbuch, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can have a serious effect on general and obstetric health. Breastfeeding includes several triggers for memories of abuse experiences, which will likely influence decisions about breastfeeding and its implementation in daily life. This is important since breastfeeding improves maternal well-being and bonding with the child. Research aim: As breastfeeding strongly influences the long-term health of children, we investigated experiences with breastfeeding in women with a history of CSA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068675/nutrition-habits-and-health-outcomes-of-breastfeeding-hiv-positive-mothers-in-the-dschang-health-district-west-region-cameroon
#2
Martin Sanou Sobze, Tsi Kien-Atsu, Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Armand TiotsiaTsapi, Yannick Azeufack Ngueko, Sali Ben Bechir, Augusto Pana, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
BACKGROUND: Amongst the different at-risk periods for mother-to-child HIV transmission that is, during pregnancy, labor and delivery and breastfeeding, much care and attention needs to be given, not only to the child as concerns its feeding options, but also to the mother. The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional habits and health outcomes of HIV-positive breastfeeding mothers in the Dschang Health District, in the context of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) activities...
September 2016: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029180/long-term-childhood-outcomes-of-breech-presentation-by-intended-mode-of-delivery-a-population-record-linkage-study
#3
Yu Sun Bin, Jane B Ford, Michael C Nicholl, Christine L Roberts
INTRODUCTION: There is a lack of information on long-term outcomes by mode of delivery for term breech presentation. We aimed to compare childhood mortality, cerebral palsy, hospitalizations, developmental, and educational outcomes associated with intended vaginal breech birth (VBB) compared to planned cesarean section . MATERIAL AND METHODS: Population birth and hospital records from New South Wales, Australia, were used to identify women with non-anomalous pregnancies eligible for VBB during 2001 to 2012...
December 28, 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002994/implementation-of-the-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-pmtct-program-in-the-northern-cape-south-africa
#4
Bianca Myburgh, Riette Nel, Ronette Lategan-Potgieter
BACKGROUND: South Africa's Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) program has been implemented for over ten years. This has led to a considerable reduction in mother-to-child transmissions. In 2010, the Northern Cape Province had a 1.4% transmission rate, being the lowest in the country. OBJECTIVE: To describe the implementation of the PMTCT program in the Frances Baard district, Northern Cape Province; South Africa and identify factors that may influence the effectiveness of this program...
December 21, 2016: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982369/mapping-of-nutrition-and-sectoral-policies-addressing-malnutrition-in-latin-america
#5
María Cristina Tirado, Luis Galicia, Hannah M Husby, Jaime Lopez, Stephania Olamendi, Maria Pia Chaparro, María A González, Rubén Grajeda
Objective: To map existing policies addressing malnutrition in all its forms in Latin America and identify gaps in enabling environments supporting the five priority lines of action outlined in the World Health Organization Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition (CIP) approved in 2014. Methods: This descriptive study consisted of a systematic Internet search for and mapping of publicly available nutrition-related and sectoral policies already in place to address malnutrition in all its forms in 18 Latin American countries (Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Uruguay)...
August 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940704/planned-birth-before-39-weeks-and-child-development-a-population-based-study
#6
Jason P Bentley, Christine L Roberts, Jenny R Bowen, Andrew J Martin, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of gestational age and mode of birth with early child development. METHODS: Population-based record linkage cohort study was conducted among 153 730 live-born infants of ≥32 weeks' gestation with developmental assessments at school age, in New South Wales, Australia, 2002 to 2007. Children were assessed in 5 domains: physical health and well-being, language and cognition, social competence, emotional maturity, and general knowledge and communication...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928456/undernutrition-among-children-under-5-years-of-age-in-yemen-role-of-adequate-childcare-provided-by-adults-under-conditions-of-food-insecurity
#7
Saber Al-Sobaihi, Keiko Nakamura, Masashi Kizuki
Objective: This study examined the associations between the adequacy of childcare provided by adult caretakers and childhood undernutrition in rural Yemen, independent of household wealth and food consumption. Methods: We analyzed data of 3,549 children under the age of 5 years living in rural areas of Yemen based on the 2013 Yemen Baseline Survey of Mother and Child Health. Nutritional status was evaluated by the presence of underweight, stunting, and wasting according to the World Health Organization child growth standards...
2016: Journal of Rural Medicine: JRM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903080/inter-pregnancy-interval-and-adverse-outcomes-evidence-for-an-additional-risk-in-health-disparate-populations
#8
Shyama Appareddy, Jason Pryor, Beth Bailey
OBJECTIVE: Short interpregnancy interval (IPI), <18 months between pregnancies, is a potential cause of adverse delivery and birth outcomes, and may be a particular issue among those with other risks. Our goal was to examine IPI and delivery/infant complications in Tennessee. METHODS: Birth certificate/vital records data included 101,912 women with a previous delivery. IPI groups (<6, 6-12, 12-18, 18-60 months) were compared on outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-nine percent of the deliveries had IPI <18 months, 9% were <6 months, rates 11% and 27% higher than nationally...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885286/immediate-outcome-of-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-in-hypoxiate-newborns-in-nepal-medical-college
#9
S Shrestha, G S Shrestha, A Sharma
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is the fifth major cause of under-five child deaths after pneumonia, diarrhoea, neonatal infections and complications of preterm birth. It is one of the important causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity accounting up to 30% of neonatal death in Nepal. It is also an important cause of long-term neurological disability and impairment. The mortality rate due to birth asphyxia is considered a good guide to the quality of perinatal care. This study was conducted to assess the rate of birth asphyxia, risk factors and outcome of the babies who were asphyxiated at birth...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876288/trends-prospects-and-deprivation-index-of-disability-in-india-evidences-from-census-2001-and-2011
#10
Ashish Awasthi, C M Pandey, Manisha Dubey, Sanjay Rastogi
BACKGROUND: Since the dawn of civilization, disabilities have existed in various dimensions of human life. World Health Organization (WHO) defines disability as an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Globally, approximately 1 billion people have some form of disability, and approximately 20% have significant functioning impairments. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the level, trends and prospects of disability in 640 districts of India...
November 12, 2016: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876079/copenhagen-infant-mental-health-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-circle-of-security-parenting-and-care-as-usual-as-interventions-targeting-infant-mental-health-risks
#11
Mette Skovgaard Væver, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Theis Lange
BACKGROUND: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems and psychopathologies...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870013/short-term-and-long-term-effects-of-childhood-cancer-on-income-from-employment-and-employment-status-a-national-cohort-study-in-sweden
#12
Annika Lindahl Norberg, Scott M Montgomery, Matteo Bottai, Mats Heyman, Emma I Hovén
BACKGROUND: There is insufficient knowledge regarding the economic impact of childhood cancer on parents. The objectives of the current study were to investigate the short-term and long-term effects of childhood cancer on mothers' and fathers' income from employment and employment status. METHODS: The study sample consisted of the parents of children diagnosed with cancer from 2004 to 2009 in Sweden (3626 parents of 1899 children). Annual register data concerning income from employment and employment status (employed/not employed) were retrieved from the Longitudinal Integration Database for Health Insurance and Labor Market Studies...
November 21, 2016: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866152/the-effect-of-childhood-add-adhd-on-parental-workforce-participation
#13
Emily J Callander, Faith Allele, Hayley Roberts, William Guinea, Daniel B Lindsay
OBJECTIVE: This research aimed to examine the impact of attention deficit disorder (ADD)/ADHD in children on parental labor force participation across different child age groups. METHOD: This study utilized a longitudinal, quantitative analyses approach. All data were collected from Wave 6 of the Growing Up in Australia: The Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC) survey. RESULTS: After adjusting for various confounders, mothers whose children were 10/11 years old and had been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD were significantly more likely to be out of the labor force compared with those mothers whose child had not been diagnosed with ADD/ADHD...
November 19, 2016: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824768/relationship-between-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-women-with-mild-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#14
Sean C Blackwell, Mark B Landon, Lisa Mele, Uma M Reddy, Brian M Casey, Ronald J Wapner, Michael W Varner, Dwight J Rouse, John M Thorp, Anthony Sciscione, Patrick Catalano, George Saade, Steve N Caritis, Yoram Sorokin, William A Grobman
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationships among excessive gestational weight gain, neonatal adiposity, and adverse obstetric outcomes in women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter randomized clinical trial of women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus. Based on self-reported prepregnancy body weight, gestational weight gain was categorized as excessive if it was greater than 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819172/deceleration-area-and-fetal-academia
#15
Sabina Marti Gamboa, Maria Lapresta Moros, Jara Pascual Mancho, Carlos Lapresta Moros, Sergio Castán
AIMS: To compare the predictive ability for neonatal acidemia of individual components of intrapartum cardiotocography (CTG) described by National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) system and deceleration area. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Spanish tertiary obstetrical hospital. POPULATION: CTG patterns of 102 acidemic fetus (umbilical arterial cord gas pH≤7.10, base deficit (BD)>8) and 102 non-acidemic controls (umbilical arterial cord gas pH > 7...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818531/worms-at-work-long-run-impacts-of-a-child-health-investment
#16
Sarah Baird, Joan Hamory Hicks, Michael Kremer, Edward Miguel
This study estimates long-run impacts of a child health investment, exploiting community-wide experimental variation in school-based deworming. The program increased labor supply among men and education among women, with accompanying shifts in labor market specialization. Ten years after deworming treatment, men who were eligible as boys stay enrolled for more years of primary school, work 17% more hours each week, spend more time in nonagricultural self-employment, are more likely to hold manufacturing jobs, and miss one fewer meal per week...
November 2016: Quarterly Journal of Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818453/female-non-regular-workers-in-japan-their-current-status-and-health
#17
Mariko Inoue, Mariko Nishikitani, Shinobu Tsurugano
The participation of women in the Japanese labor force is characterized by its M-shaped curve, which reflects decreased employment rates during child-rearing years. Although, this M-shaped curve is now improving, the majority of women in employment are likely to fall into the category of non-regular workers. Based on a review of the previous Japanese studies of the health of non-regular workers, we found that non-regular female workers experienced greater psychological distress, poorer self-rated health, a higher smoking rate, and less access to preventive medicine than regular workers did...
December 7, 2016: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817103/the-impact-of-living-arrangements-on-quality-of-life-among-korean-elderly-findings-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging-2006-2012
#18
Juyeong Kim, Young Choi, Sohee Park, Kyoung Hee Cho, Yeong Jun Ju, Eun-Cheol Park
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of different living arrangements on quality of life (QoL) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the elderly. METHODS: We used data from the first to fourth wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. Using the first wave as a baseline, the data included 5050 individuals aged 60 years and older with at least one living child. QoL and HRQoL were measured using a visual analogue scale developed by the Korean Labor Institute that bears similarity to the EQ-VAS...
November 5, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789047/self-induced-illegal-abortion-with-rivanol-%C3%A2-a-medicolegal-toxicological-case-report
#19
Sarah C Koelzer, Hannelore Held, Stefan W Toennes, Marcel A Verhoff, Cora Wunder
Approximately during the 30th week of pregnancy, a woman gave birth to a still-born child in a hospital. After first citing an extraneous cause for the premature still-birth, the woman later admitted to having self-induced the abortion by injecting the antiseptic Rivanol(®) (active agent: ethacridine lactate) through her abdominal wall into the amniotic cavity. The investigating authorities ordered an autopsy of the fetus along with additional toxicological investigations. To the naked eye, no obvious cause of death was apparent...
November 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784510/transgenerational-aspects-of-former-swiss-child-laborers-do-second-generations-suffer-from-their-parents-adverse-early-life-experiences
#20
Andreas L Küffer, Myriam V Thoma, Andreas Maercker
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that childhood adversity exerts a lasting impact not only on the affected individuals but also on their offspring. Little is known about the role of parental rearing behavior in the transgenerational conveyance of parental childhood adversity and filial psychological health. OBJECTIVE: Hence, it was the aim of the current study to investigate the relationship between parental rearing behavior of former Swiss indentured child laborers ("Verdingkinder") and psychological health of their adult offspring...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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