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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921621/-but-we-want-to-work-the-movement-of-child-workers-in-peru-and-the-actions-for-reducing-child-labor
#1
Isidro Maya Jariego
The program Edúcame Primero (Educate Me First) is an evidence-based practice for eradicating child labor that has been applied with positive results in Colombia, Peru, and several Central American countries. In this article, we describe the difficulties of implementing the program in two poor areas of Lima (Peru) between 2014 and 2016. Specifically, we discuss three ethical challenges faced during the implementation of the program: (a) the existence of a movement of working children that defends the right of children to work; (b) the polarization of some community-based associations and government institutions on how to deal with the problems of working children; and (c) the use of network indicators in the evaluation of the community's level of cohesion...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912970/knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-of-home-based-management-of-diarrhea-among-caregivers-of-children-attending-under-five-clinic-in-fagita-lekoma-district-awi-zone-amhara-regional-state-northwest-ethiopia-2016
#2
Bogale Kassahun Desta, Nega Tezera Assimamaw, Tesfaye Demeke Ashenafi
INTRODUCTION: In Ethiopia, it is the second cause for clinical presentation among under five-year child population. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to assess knowledge, practice, and associated factors of home-based management of diarrhea among caregivers of children attending the under-five clinic. METHODS: Institution based quantitative cross-sectional study was carried out from March 1, 2016, to April 22, 2016. RESULTS: Two hundred eight (56...
2017: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905440/child-fosterage-and-sex-biased-nutritional-outcomes-among-namibian-pastoralists
#3
Sean P Prall, Brooke A Scelza
OBJECTIVES: Across cultures, fosterage has been shown to impact child health. Contextual factors, such as the reason for fosterage and the relationship between foster parent and child, are known to magnify variance in nutritional outcomes for foster children. Another important, but less studied, factor is the role of gender. Sex-biases in physiology and cultural norms are both known to affect child nutrition, and we posit these effects might be magnified in the presence of fosterage. In this study, we investigate how sex interacts with fosterage to affect nutritional outcomes among Namibian pastoralists...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893291/preference-for-cesarean-section-in-young-nulligravid-women-in-eight-oecd-countries-and-implications-for-reproductive-health-education
#4
Kathrin H Stoll, Yvonne L Hauck, Soo Downe, Deborah Payne, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce unnecessary Cesarean sections (CS) in high and middle income countries have focused on changing hospital cultures and policies, care provider attitudes and behaviors, and increasing women's knowledge about the benefits of vaginal birth. These strategies have been largely ineffective. Despite evidence that women have well-developed preferences for mode of delivery prior to conceiving their first child, few studies and no interventions have targeted the next generation of maternity care consumers...
September 12, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889657/the-physiologic-pattern-of-normal-labor-progression
#5
Jun Zhang, Tao Duan
The escalating frequency of obstetric interventions such as oxytocin augmentation and cesarean delivery has raised concerns to practitioners and the public. While maternal consequences of cesarean section are well recognized by obstetricians, the impact of cesarean birth on child health has come under the spot light in recent years. Mounting evidence is linking cesarean birth with childhood allergic disorders, such as asthma, childhood obesity and neurodevelopmental disorders (Cho CE, et al. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2013;208:249-54...
September 10, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888278/are-all-jobs-created-equal-a-cross-national-analysis-of-women-s-employment-and-child-malnutrition-in-developing-countries
#6
Rebekah Burroway
Using multi-level models, the analysis examines female employment and child stunting across 49 developing countries. At the country level, female labor force participation is not associated with malnutrition after controlling for economic development. At the individual level, a binary measure of employment is not significantly associated with malnutrition. However, a more nuanced measure of seven occupational categories shows that certain types of employment improve malnutrition. Professional, clerical, sales, and domestic jobs are associated with reduced stunting...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888092/neurodevelopmental-outcome-at-the-age-of-4-years-according-to-the-planned-mode-of-delivery-in-term-breech-presentation-a-nationwide-population-based-record-linkage-study
#7
Georg Macharey, Mervi Väisänen-Tommiska, Mika Gissler, Veli-Matti Ulander, Leena Rahkonen, Mika Nuutila, Seppo Heinonen
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether a trial of planned vaginal breech labor affects neurologic development in children. METHODS: This is a nationwide, Finnish, population-based record linkage study. An odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals was used to estimate the relative risk that a child delivered by planned vaginal breech labor would be diagnosed with adverse neurodevelopmental outcome (cerebral palsy, epilepsy, intellectual disability, sensor neural developmental outcome, hyperactivity, speech and language problems) at the age of 4 years...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882109/obstetric-care-providers-knowledge-practice-and-associated-factors-towards-active-management-of-third-stage-of-labor-in-sidama-zone-south-ethiopia
#8
Zelalem Tenaw, Zemenu Yohannes, Abdela Amano
BACKGROUND: Active management of third stage of labor played a great role to prevent child birth related hemorrhage. However, maternal morbidity and mortality related to hemorrhage is high due to lack of knowledge and skill of obstetric care providers 'on active management of third stage of labor. Our study was aimed to assess knowledge, practice and associated factors of obstetric care providers (Midwives, Nurses and Health officers) on active management of third stage of labor in Sidama Zone, South Ethiopia...
September 7, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869879/hazardous-child-labor-in-nepal-the-case-of-brick-kilns
#9
Stephen Larmar, Patrick O'Leary, Cheryl Chui, Katherine Benfer, Sebastian Zug, Lucy P Jordan
Hazardous child labor in Nepal is a serious concern, particularly in the brick kiln industry. Although a range of interventions have been implemented in Nepal to address hazardous child labor, there is a lack of research to both measure success and shape further development in interventions that integrate sound child protection practices to ensure the wellbeing of all children. This paper provides a review of the literature outlining interventions for children working in brick kilns in Nepal, and presents preliminary case study findings of one current intervention in the Kathmandu Valley...
September 1, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825919/the-maternal-infant-microbiome-considerations-for-labor-and-birth
#10
Alexis B Dunn, Sheila Jordan, Brenda J Baker, Nicole S Carlson
The human microbiome plays a role in maintaining health, but is also thought to attenuate and/or exacerbate risk factors for adverse maternal-child health outcomes. The development of the microbiome begins in utero; however, factors related to the labor and birth environment have been shown to influence the initial colonization process of the newborn microbiome. This "seeding" or transfer of microbes from the mother to newborn may serve as an early inoculation process with implications for the long-term health outcomes of newborns...
August 18, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819527/-evaluation-of-the-compliance-rate-of-partograph-use-in-a-tunisian-maternity-ward-a-targeted-clinical-audit
#11
Latifa Merzougui, Nedia Marwen, Tarek Barhoumi, Afef Ben Ltaeifa, Hajer Hannachi, Roukaya Jaballah, Ridha Fatnassi
Partograph is an essential tool in routine delivery room practices. It is a written reflection of the quality of mother and child health management during delivery and in the immediate post-partum period. Our study aims to assess compliance rate of partograph use within our maternity ward and to propose areas for improvement of its quality. We conducted a retrospective clinical audit of 400 patients? medical records who gave birth on the labour ward at University of Kairouan from 1 January to 31 December 2014...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817447/a-stress-coping-app-for-hospitalized-pregnant-women-at-risk-for-preterm-birth
#12
Nancy Jallo, Leroy R Thacker, Victoria Menzies, Predrag Stojanovic, Dace S Svikis
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women hospitalized with preterm labor (PTL) complications experience increased stress. Prior researchers have attempted to provide stress management strategies with use of various media players to deliver stress coping interventions. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of a mobile device delivered stress coping app designed to reduce stress in a sample of high-risk pregnant women hospitalized with complications of PTL...
September 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814285/quality-of-midwife-provided-intrapartum-care-in-amhara-regional-state-ethiopia
#13
Tegbar Yigzaw, Fantu Abebe, Lalem Belay, Yewulsew Assaye, Equlinet Misganaw, Ashebir Kidane, Desalegn Ademie, Jos van Roosmalen, Jelle Stekelenburg, Young-Mi Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite much progress recently, Ethiopia remains one of the largest contributors to the global burden of maternal and newborn deaths and stillbirths. Ethiopia's plan to meet the sustainable development goals for maternal and child health includes unprecedented emphasis on improving quality of care. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of midwifery care during labor, delivery and immediate postpartum period. METHODS: A cross-sectional study using multiple data collection methods and a 2-stage cluster sampling technique was conducted from January 25 to February 14, 2015 in government health facilities of the Amhara National Regional State of Ethiopia...
August 16, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814150/nitrous-oxide-labor-analgesia-and-pain-relief-memory-in-breastfeeding-women
#14
Vincenzo Zanardo, Francesca Volpe, Matteo Parotto, Lara Giiberti, Alessia Selmin, Gianluca Straface
OBJECTIVE: The use of labor pain relief medications is a controversial issue that has engendered heated discussions among health care professionals about safety, interference with birthing, and breastfeeding. METHODS: This is a case-control study with 62 puerperae treated with nitrous oxide and 124 control women (ratio 1:2), matched for age, gestational age, parity, delivery route, labor augmentation, and spinal regional analgesia. We tested anhedonia, anxiety, and depression symptoms at hospital discharge by The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the intensity of nitrous oxide labor pain relief and satisfaction memory by a retrospective Visual Analog Scale (VAS, 0-10 Numeric Rating Scale) at a set cut off time of 3 months of a child's age...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812454/risk-factors-for-intrapartum-acidemia-a-cohort-study
#15
Stina Wretler, Lennart Nordström, Sophie Graner, Malin Holzmann
PURPOSE: Birth acidemia is associated with short- and long-term morbidity in the child. Optimal intrapartum surveillance and timely interventions may reduce the incidence of these outcomes. Knowledge about conditions which increase the risks might be beneficial for optimal care. The aim with this study was to identify factors which increased the risk for lactacidemia in fetal scalp blood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of a cohort study performed at Karolinska University Hospital Stockholm Sweden between February 2009 and February 2011...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802823/access-to-and-use-of-health-services-as-factors-associated-with-neonatal-mortality-in-the-north-northeast-and-vale-do-jequitinhonha-regions-brazil
#16
Cristiane B Batista, Márcia L de Carvalho, Ana Glória G Vasconcelos
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the factors associated with neonatal mortality related to health services accessibility and use. METHODS: Case-control study of live births in 2008 in small- and medium-sized municipalities in the North, Northeast, and Vale do Jequitinhonha regions, Brazil. A probabilistic sample stratified by region, population size, and information adequacy was generated for the choice of municipalities. Of these, all municipalities with 20,000 inhabitants or less were included in the study (36 municipalities), whereas the remainder were selected according to the probability method proportional to population size, totaling 20 cities with 20,001-50,000 inhabitants and 19 municipalities with 50,001-200,000 inhabitants...
August 9, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800808/legal-and-ethical-challenges-part-1-general-population
#17
REVIEW
Britta Ostermeyer, Anim N Shoaib, Swapna Deshpande
Several federal and state laws and regulations, as well as ethical medical principles, govern the emergency clinician's practice of care. Although some common legal-medical and ethical principles are shared with other medical specialties, emergency medicine and emergency psychiatry have unique legal and ethical challenges. This article presents and discusses these challenges, including the physician-patient relationship, malpractice, confidentiality and privilege, duty to report, decision-making capacity and vicarious decision-making, the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act, right to treatment, hospital admissions, involuntary commitment, forced medication administration, and child and elder abuse...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798897/factors-influencing-the-choice-of-child-delivery-location-among-women-attending-antenatal-care-services-and-immunization-clinic-in-southeastern-nigeria
#18
Johnbull Egharevba, Jennifer Pharr, Brian van Wyk, Echezona Ezeanolue
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In Nigeria, most deliveries take place at home or with traditional birth attendants (TBAs). This study examined the factors that influenced or determined utilization of healthcare facility delivery services among women who attended antenatal care (ANC) services. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 220 women who registered for ANC at a hospital and delivered within 18 months. Associations between independent variables and choice of healthcare facility delivery were analyzed...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780659/preconception-counseling-for-women-with-cardiac-disease
#19
REVIEW
Mark A Clapp, Sarah N Bernstein
All providers who care for reproductive-aged women with cardiac disease should assess these patients' desires and plans for pregnancy at every encounter. For those considering pregnancy, preconception counseling, often performed by a maternal-fetal medicine specialist, can help patients understand the potential implications of pregnancy on their health and estimate the risks of an adverse cardiac event prior to conceiving. There are cardiac conditions, such as pulmonary hypertension and aortic stenosis, in which pregnancy may be contraindicated given the high morbidity and mortality; there are tools available to help quantify a patient's risk...
September 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771221/childhood-outcomes-following-preterm-prelabor-rupture-of-the-membranes-pprom-a-population-based-record-linkage-cohort-study
#20
C L Roberts, P Wagland, S Torvaldsen, J R Bowen, J P Bentley, J M Morris
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine child health, development and educational outcomes for infants born following preterm prelabor rupture of the membrane (PPROM). STUDY DESIGN: Population-based record linkage cohort study using data from NSW, Australia, 2001 to 2014. RESULTS: Of 121 822 births at 20 to 37 weeks, 18 799 (15%) followed PPROM, 56 406 (46%) followed spontaneous labor and 46 617 (38%) were planned. Compared with infants of a similar gestational age born following spontaneous labor or planned delivery, exposure to PPROM did not increase the risk of childhood mortality, childhood hospitalization, developmentally vulnerable at school entry, low reading or numeracy scores...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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