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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767917/puerperae-bonding-with-their-children-and-labor-experiences
#1
Lara Helk Souza, Zaida Aurora Sperli Geraldes Soler, Maria de Lourdes Sperli Geraldes Santos, Natália Sperli Geraldes Marin Dos Santos Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the degree of bonding of puerperae with their babies, both in isolation and associated with experiences during and after labor. METHODS: A cross-sectional study carried out among 200 puerperae in São José do Rio Preto, Brazil. To evaluate the mother-child bond, we used the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS). RESULTS: The mean age of puerperae was 26.4 years; most women were white (60.0%), were married (87.5%), and had an elementary education (51...
October 2017: Investigación y Educación en Enfermería
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744707/intergenerational-transmission-of-work-values-a-meta-analytic-review
#2
Zeynep Cemalcilar, Ekin Secinti, Nebi Sumer
Work values act as guiding principles for individuals' work-related behavior. Economic self-sufficiency is an important predictor for psychological well-being in adulthood. Longitudinal research has demonstrated work values to be an important predictor of economic behavior, and consequently of self-sufficiency. Socialization theories designate parents an important role in the socialization of their children to cultural values. Yet, extant literature is limited in demonstrating the role families play on how youth develop agentic pathways and seek self-sufficiency in transition to adulthood...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739654/car-seat-education-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-teaching-methods
#3
Erin Kuroiwa, Rebecca L Ragar, Crystal S Langlais, Angelica Baker, Maria E Linnaus, David M Notrica
OBJECTIVE: To determine if a less labor-intensive video-based program for teaching car seat installation can be as effective as the traditional didactic lecture component. METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial of caregivers seeking car seat education. Caregivers were assigned to didactic or video-based social learning classes. The didactic class involved live lecture; the social learning class included a brief lecture and the video, Simple Steps to Child Passenger Safety, utilizing social learning principles...
May 3, 2018: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736891/children-and-the-elderly-wealth-inequality-among-america-s-dependents
#4
Christina M Gibson-Davis, Christine Percheski
Life cycle theory predicts that elderly households have higher levels of wealth than households with children, but these wealth gaps are likely dynamic, responding to changes in labor market conditions, patterns of debt accumulation, and the overall economic context. Using Survey of Consumer Finances data from 1989 through 2013, we compare wealth levels between and within the two groups that make up America's dependents: the elderly and child households (households with a resident child aged 18 or younger)...
May 7, 2018: Demography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730037/parental-hormones-are-associated-with-crop-loss-and-family-sickness-following-catastrophic-flooding-in-lowland-bolivia
#5
Benjamin C Trumble, Jonathan Stieglitz, Adrian V Jaeggi, Bret Beheim, Matthew Schwartz, Edmond Seabright, Daniel Cummings, Hillard Kaplan, Michael Gurven
The physiology of fatherhood is a growing field of study, and variability in hormonal mediators of reproductive effort (e.g. testosterone, cortisol) can predict variability in paternal investment. Studies often find that lower testosterone levels are associated with increased paternal investment, though most studies are conducted under relatively stable ecological conditions. In this paper, we examine parental physiological correlates of crop loss and family health problems among Tsimane forager-horticulturalists following a catastrophic flood in lowland Bolivia...
May 2, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706586/childhood-adversities-and-thriving-skills-sample-case-of-older-swiss-former-indentured-child-laborers
#6
Jan Höltge, Shauna L McGee, Andreas Maercker, Myriam V Thoma
OBJECTIVE: The study of life-long consequences of severe childhood adversities or trauma has recently received much attention. However, little is known about the subjective coping success and development of positively evaluated resources that may originate within these adverse experiences and may be conceptualized as thriving. This study set out to examine the relationship between thriving in response to early adversity and successful aging with a sample of former indentured child laborers in Switzerland (Verdingkinder)...
March 28, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695299/emergency-transportation-interventions-for-reducing-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
John Ehiri, Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Joy Chebet, Ekpereonne Esu, Martin Meremikwu
BACKGROUND: Transportation interventions seek to decrease delay in reaching a health facility for emergency obstetric care and are, thus, believed to contribute to reductions in such adverse pregnancy and childbirth outcomes as maternal deaths, stillbirths, and neonatal mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is limited empirical evidence to support this hypothesis. The objective of the proposed review is to summarize and critically appraise evidence regarding the effect of emergency transportation interventions on outcomes of labor and delivery in LMICs...
April 25, 2018: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658763/the-birth-experiences-questionnaire-a-brief-measure-assessing-psychosocial-dimensions-of-childbirth
#8
Darby Saxbe, Katelyn Taline Horton, Ann Bryna Tsai
Childbirth is an important life event that has been understudied by psychologists. Parents may find birth to be stressful, painful, and frightening, or feel supported and calm. Birth experiences can be shaped both by preexisting psychological vulnerabilities and by medical events that occur during childbirth. The birth experience may influence both parent and child well-being, helping to shape the health of the new family. This paper introduces the Birth Experiences Questionnaire (BEQ), a brief 10-item measure designed to assess stress, fear, and partner support during birth...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655964/infant-outcome-after-complete-uterine-rupture
#9
Iqbal Al-Zirqi, Anne Kjersti Daltveit, Siri Vangen
BACKGROUND: Complete uterine rupture is a rare peripartum complication often associated with a catastrophic outcome for both mother and child. However, little has been written based on large data sets about maternal and infant outcome after complete ruptures. This is partly due to the rarity of the event and the serious maternal and infant outcome; it is also partly due to the use of international diagnostic codes that do not differentiate between the less catastrophic partial rupture and more catastrophic complete uterine rupture...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609741/mothers-work-patterns-and-children-s-cognitive-achievement-evidence-from-the-india-human-development-survey
#10
Kriti Vikram, Feinian Chen, Sonalde Desai
As female labor force participation increases globally, the relationship between maternal employment and children's development remains unclear. Using data from the India Human Development Survey (2005), we investigate the link between maternal employment and children's arithmetic and reading achievement. We develop a work pattern typology that goes beyond standard measures of employment and captures work intensity and its compatibility with child-rearing in a transitional economy. We find that the relationship between maternal employment and children's outcomes is not unidimensional...
May 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606913/navigating-between-two-cultures-immigrants-gender-attitudes-toward-working-women
#11
Léa Pessin, Bruno Arpino
BACKGROUND: Gender attitudes toward women's employment are of particular importance because they positively influence gender-equal outcomes in the labor market. Our understanding of the mechanisms that promote egalitarian gender attitudes among immigrants, however, remains limited. OBJECTIVE: By studying first- and second-generation immigrants from multiple origins and living in different countries, this article seeks to explain under what conditions the prevalent cultural attitudes toward gender roles at the origin and destination influence immigrants' gender attitudes...
January 2018: Demographic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596309/risk-factors-for-brachial-plexus-birth-injury
#12
Emily Louden, Michael Marcotte, Charles Mehlman, William Lippert, Bin Huang, Andrea Paulson
Over the course of decades, the incidence of brachial plexus birth injury (BPBI) has increased despite advances in healthcare which would seem to assist in decreasing the rate. The aim of this study is to identify previously unknown risk factors for BPBI and the risk factors with potential to guide preventative measures. A case control study of 52 mothers who had delivered a child with a BPBI injury and 132 mothers who had delivered without BPBI injury was conducted. Univariate, multivariable and logistic regressions identified risk factors and their combinations...
March 29, 2018: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577380/the-effect-of-medical-and-operative-birth-interventions-on-child-health-outcomes-in-the-first-28-days-and-up-to-5-years-of-age-a-linked-data-population-based-cohort-study
#13
Lilian L Peters, Charlene Thornton, Ank de Jonge, Ali Khashan, Mark Tracy, Soo Downe, Esther I Feijen-de Jong, Hannah G Dahlen
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous vaginal birth rates are decreasing worldwide, while cesarean delivery, instrumental births, and medical birth interventions are increasing. Emerging evidence suggests that birth interventions may have an effect on children's health. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the association between operative and medical birth interventions on the child's health during the first 28 days and up to 5 years of age. METHODS: In New South Wales (Australia), population-linked data sets were analyzed, including data on maternal characteristics, child characteristics, mode of birth, interventions during labor and birth, and adverse health outcomes of the children (ie, jaundice, feeding problems, hypothermia, asthma, respiratory infections, gastrointestinal disorders, other infections, metabolic disorder, and eczema) registered with the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification codes...
March 25, 2018: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566201/maternal-employment-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-is-associated-with-improved-infant-and-young-child-feeding
#14
Vanessa M Oddo, Scott B Ickes
Background: Women's employment improves household income, and can increase resources available for food expenditure. However, employed women face time constraints that may influence caregiving and infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. As economic and social trends shift to include more women in the labor force in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), a current understanding of the association between maternal employment and IYCF is needed. Objective: We investigated the association between maternal employment and IYCF...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558341/a-comparison-of-psychological-symptoms-in-survivors-of-sex-and-labor-trafficking
#15
E K Hopper, L D Gonzalez
Human trafficking is a form of interpersonal trauma that has significant mental health impacts on survivors. This study examined psychological symptoms in 131 survivors of sex and labor trafficking, including people trafficked into or within the U.S. High rates of depression (71%) and PTSD (61%) were identified. Two thirds of survivors also met criteria for multiple categories of Complex PTSD (C-PTSD), including affect dysregulation and impulsivity; alterations in attention and consciousness; changes in interpersonal relationships; revictimization; somatic dysregulation; and alterations in self-perception...
March 20, 2018: Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545854/application-effect-of-single-balloon-catheters-in-labor-induction-of-pregnant-women-in-late-term-pregnancy-and-their-influences-on-stress-and-inflammatory-responses
#16
Yun Chai, Miaomiao Qu, Meng Jin
This study was designed to evaluate the application effect of single balloon catheters and dinoprostone on promoting cervical ripening of pregnant women in late-term pregnancy and their influences on stress and inflammatory responses. A total of 160 pregnant women with indications of labor induction were included and randomly divided into the control (n=80) and observation (n=80) groups. Patients in the control group received labor induction by administration of dinoprostone at the vaginal vault, while those in the observation group received labor induction by domestic single balloon catheters...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543884/listening-to-the-community-using-formative-research-to-strengthen-maternity-waiting-homes-in-zambia
#17
Nancy A Scott, Taryn Vian, Jeanette L Kaiser, Thandiwe Ngoma, Kaluba Mataka, Elizabeth G Henry, Godfrey Biemba, Mary Nambao, Davidson H Hamer
BACKGROUND: The WHO recommends maternity waiting homes (MWH) as one intervention to improve maternal and newborn health. However, persistent structural, cultural and financial barriers in their design and implementation have resulted in mixed success in both their uptake and utilization. Guidance is needed on how to design a MWH intervention that is acceptable and sustainable. Using formative research and guided by a sustainability framework for health programs, we systematically collected data from key stakeholders and potential users in order to design a MWH intervention in Zambia that could overcome multi-dimensional barriers to accessing facility delivery, be acceptable to the community and be financially and operationally sustainable...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538551/evaluation-of-the-adequacy-of-information-from-research-on-infant-mortality-in-recife-pernambuco-brazil
#18
Conceição Maria de Oliveira, Maria José Bezerra Guimarães, Cristine Vieira do Bonfim, Paulo Germano Frias, Verônica Cristina Sposito Antonino, Aline Luzia Sampaio Guimarães, Zulma Maria Medeiros
This study is an evaluation of infant death research in Recife, Pernambuco (PE). It is a cross-sectional study with 120 variables grouped into six dimensions (prenatal, birth, child care, family characteristics, occurrence of death, and conclusion and recommendations), weighted by consensus technique. The research was classifiedas adequate, partially adequate or inadequate according to a composite indicator assessment (ICA). There was dissension on 11 variables (9 in prenatal dimension, one in labor and birth, and 1 in the conclusions and recommendations)...
March 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534760/temporal-trends-of-preterm-birth-in-shenzhen-china-a-retrospective-study
#19
Changchang Li, Zhijiang Liang, Michael S Bloom, Qiong Wang, Xiaoting Shen, Huanhuan Zhang, Suhan Wang, Weiqing Chen, Yan Lin, Qingguo Zhao, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is the leading cause of child mortality under 5 years of age. Temporal trends in preterm birth rates are highly heterogeneous among countries and little information exists for China. To address this data gap, we investigated annual changes in preterm birth incidence rate and explored potential determinants of these changes in Shenzhen, China. METHODS: A total of 1.4 million live births, during 2003-2012, were included from the Shenzhen birth registry...
March 13, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517297/personality-and-labor-a-retrospective-study-of-the-relationship-between-personality-traits-and-birthing-experiences
#20
Megan Conrad, Shelby Stricker
OBJECTIVE: In the current study, we explored the relationship between a woman's personality, epidural use and perceptions of the labour and birth experience. BACKGROUND: Having a positive birthing experience is relevant to predicting a range of important outcomes including mother-infant bonding, fertility rates and delivery interventions. However, limited research has addressed the kinds of individual differences that may affect a woman's subjective birthing experience...
February 2018: Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology
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