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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329897/maternal-labor-delivery-and-perinatal-outcomes-associated-with-placental-abruption-a-systematic-review
#1
Katheryne L Downes, Katherine L Grantz, Edmond D Shenassa
Objective Risk factors for placental abruption have changed, but there has not been an updated systematic review investigating outcomes. Methods We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, SCOPUS, and CINAHL for publications from January 1, 2005 through December 31, 2016. We reviewed English-language publications reporting estimated incidence and/or risk factors for maternal, labor, delivery, and perinatal outcomes associated with abruption. We excluded case studies, conference abstracts, and studies that lacked a referent/comparison group or did not clearly characterize placental abruption...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319246/estimated-perinatal-hiv-infection-among-infants-born-in-the-united-states-2002-2013
#2
Allan W Taylor, Steven R Nesheim, Xinjian Zhang, Ruiguang Song, Lauren F FitzHarris, Margaret A Lampe, Paul J Weidle, Patricia Sweeney
Importance: Perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) can be reduced through services including antiretroviral treatment and prophylaxis. Data on the national incidence of perinatal HIV transmission and missed prevention opportunities are needed to monitor progress toward elimination of mother-to-child HIV transmission. Objective: To estimate the number of perinatal HIV cases among infants born in the United States. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data were obtained from the National HIV Surveillance System on infants with HIV born in the United States (including the District of Columbia) and their mothers between 2002 and 2013 (reported through December 31, 2015)...
March 20, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301895/association-of-fetal-heart-rate-baseline-change-and-neonatal-outcomes
#3
Michael Yang, Molly J Stout, Julia D López, Ryan Colvin, George A Macones, Alison G Cahill
Objective The objective of this study was to describe the incidence of baseline change within normal range during labor and its prediction of neonatal outcomes. Materials and Methods This was a prospective cohort of singleton, nonanomalous, term neonates with continuous electronic fetal monitoring and normal baseline fetal heart rate throughout the last 2 hours of labor. We determined baseline in 10-minute segments using Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development criteria...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301484/health-facility-service-availability-and-readiness-for-intrapartum-and-immediate-postpartum-care-in-malawi-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Naoko Kozuki, Lolade Oseni, Angella Mtimuni, Reena Sethi, Tambudzai Rashidi, Fannie Kachale, Barbara Rawlins, Shivam Gupta
This analysis seeks to identify strengths and gaps in the existing facility capacity for intrapartum and immediate postpartum fetal and neonatal care, using data collected as a part of Malawi's Helping Babies Breath program evaluation. From August to September 2012, the Maternal and Child Health Integrated Program (MCHIP) conducted a cross-sectional survey in 84 Malawian health facilities to capture current health facility service availability and readiness and health worker capacity and practice pertaining to labor, delivery, and immediate postpartum care...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287929/beliefs-about-sexual-activity-during-pregnancy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
Meireluci Costa Ribeiro, Marco de Tubino Scanavino, Maria Luiza Sant'Ana do Amaral, Ana Lúcia de Moraes Horta, Maria Regina Torloni
The aim of this review is to present the beliefs related to sexual activity during pregnancy. We identified 13 studies (3122 participants). The main positive beliefs about sex in pregnancy were that it makes labor easier, promotes marital harmony, prevents infidelity and improves fetal well-being. Negative beliefs were more frequent; they were that sex could harm the unborn child (cause injuries, miscarriage or fetal infection) and endanger the pregnancy or maternal health (cause membrane rupture, bleeding, preterm labor and maternal infection)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264595/uterine-rupture-after-previous-low-segment-transverse-cesarean-is-rarely-catastrophic
#6
Sofia Soltsman, Yuri Perlitz, Moshe Ben Ami, Izhar Ben Shlomo
OBJECTIVE: The cornerstone of concerns over trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) is the risk of uterine rupture. The purpose of this study was to document the rate of uterine rupture during TOLAC and to delineate its severity and consequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively collected the data on vaginal and cesarean deliveries after a previous cesarean section with specific emphasis on uterine rupture and dehiscence in our center from 2006 through 2013...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244883/the-meaning-of-giving-birth-voices-of-hmong-women-living-in-vietnam
#7
Cheryl A Corbett, Lynn Clark Callister, Jamie Peterson Gettys, Jacob R Hickman
Increasing knowledge about the sociocultural context of birth is essential to promote culturally sensitive nursing care. This qualitative study provides an ethnographic view of the perspectives on birthing of Hmong mothers living in the highlands of Vietnam. Unique cultural beliefs exist in Hmong culture about the spiritual and physical world as well as ritual practices associated with childbearing. This includes variations of ancestor worship, reincarnation, and healing practices by shamans. Traditionally, Hmong families take an active role in childbirth with birth frequently occurring in the home...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241754/dna-methylation-profiles-of-elderly-individuals-subjected-to-indentured-childhood-labor-and-trauma
#8
Zoya Marinova, Andreas Maercker, Andreas Küffer, Mark D Robinson, Tomasz K Wojdacz, Susanne Walitza, Edna Grünblatt, Andrea Burri
BACKGROUND: Childhood trauma is associated with increased vulnerability to mental and somatic disorders later in life. Epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation are one potential mechanism through which such long-lasting impairments/consequences can be explained. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether childhood trauma is associated with long-term DNA methylation alterations in old age. METHODS: We assessed genome-wide DNA methylation profiles in a cohort of former indentured child laborers ("Verdingkinder") who suffered severe childhood adversities (N = 30; M age = 75...
February 27, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236651/intravenous-fluid-rate-for-reduction-of-cesarean-delivery-rate-in-nulliparous-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Robert M Ehsanipoor, Gabriele Saccone, Neil S Seligman, Rebecca Pierce-Williams, Andrea Ciardulli, Vincenzo Berghella
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, and Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine have emphasized the need to promote vaginal delivery and have offered recommendations to safely prevent primary cesarean delivery. However, there has been limited discussion regarding management of intravenous fluids and other aspects of labor management that may influence labor. Therefore the aim of our study was to determine if an intravenous fluid rate of 250 vs 125 mL/hour is associated with a difference in cesarean delivery rate MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searches were performed in Medline, OVID, Scopus, ClinicalTrials...
February 25, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231670/-factors-associated-with-marital-status-among-spouse-after-diagnosed-in-newly-reported-hiv-cases-in-china-2014
#10
J Li, J Xu, H L Tang, J Han, Y R Mao
Objective: To analyze the factors associated with divorce or separation when one of the spouse diagnosed and newly reported as HIV positive, in China. Methods: Data from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System, by December 31, 2015 were used for collection on newly reported HIV cases regarding their baseline information in 2014 and follow-up within one year, among couples and above 18 year olds. HIV cases were divided into divorce/separation group and married group according to their marriage dynamics in one year after being diagnosed as HIV positive...
February 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174626/maternal-undernutrition-and-excessive-body-weight-and-risk-of-birth-and-health-outcomes
#11
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, Md Mizanur Rahman, Asma Ahmad Shariff, Md Mostafizur Rahman, Md Shafiur Rahman, Md Aminur Rahman
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing in low- and middle-income countries, while underweight remains a significant health problems. However, the association between double burden of nutrition and risk of adverse birth and health outcomes is still unclear in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of maternal undernutrition and excessive body weight on a range of maternal and child health outcomes. METHODS: In this study, we used Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2011 and 2014 data sets to cover the maternal, child and non-communicable diseases related health outcomes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174202/ethics-rounds-ethical-concerns-when-minors-act-as-standardised-patients
#12
Erwin Jiayuan Khoo, Robert D Schremmer, Douglas S Diekema, John D Lantos
When minors are asked to assist medical educators by acting as standardized patients (SPs), there is a potential for the minors to be exploited. Minors deserve protection from exploitation. Such protection has been written into regulations governing medical research and into child labor laws. But there are no similar guidelines for minors' work in medical education. This article addresses the question of whether there should be rules. Should minors be required to give their informed consent or assent? Are there certain practices that could cause harm for the children who become SPs? We present a controversial case and ask a number of experts to consider the ethical issues that arise when minors are asked to act as SPs in medical education...
February 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164140/epidemiology-of-pediatric-burns-and-future-prevention-strategies-a-study-of-475-patients-from-a-high-volume-burn-center-in-north-india
#13
Amol Dhopte, V K Tiwari, Pankaj Patel, Rahul Bamal
BACKGROUND: Pediatric burns have a long-term social impact. This is more apparent in a developing country such as India, where their incidence and morbidity are high. The aim of this study was to provide recent prospective epidemiological data on pediatric burns in India and to suggest future preventive strategies. METHODS: Children up to 18 years old admitted to the Department of Burns, Plastic & Maxillofacial Surgery, VMMC & Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, between January and December 2014 were included in the study...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158882/missed-opportunities-for-preventing-perinatal-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-florida-2007-2014
#14
Mary Jo Trepka, Soumyadeep Mukherjee, Consuelo Beck-Sagué, Lorene M Maddox, Kristopher P Fennie, Diana M Sheehan, Maithri Prabhakar, Dan Thompson, Spencer Lieb
OBJECTIVES: Despite declining numbers of perinatally exposed infants, an increase in perinatal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections from 2011 to 2013 prompted this study to identify missed perinatal HIV prevention opportunities. METHODS: Deidentified records of children born from 2007 through 2014, exposed to HIV perinatally, and reported to the Florida Department of Health were obtained. Crude relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for factors associated with perinatal transmission, nondiagnosis of maternal HIV infection, and nonreceipt of antiretroviral medication were calculated...
February 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153660/attempted-operative-vaginal-delivery-vs-repeat-cesarean-in-the-second-stage-among-women-undergoing-a-trial-of-labor-after-cesarean-delivery
#15
Moeun Son, Archana Roy, William A Grobman
BACKGROUND: It is not well-characterized whether attempting operative vaginal delivery is a safe and effective alternative among women who undergo a trial of labor after cesarean delivery who are unable to complete second-stage labor with a spontaneous vaginal delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare maternal and neonatal outcomes that are associated with attempted operative vaginal delivery with those that are associated with second-stage repeat cesarean delivery without an operative vaginal delivery attempt among women who undergo a trial of labor after cesarean delivery...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146161/providers-compliance-with-practice-guidelines-of-prenatal-and-neonatal-care-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-2004-versus-2012
#16
Renata Jaccottet Freitas, Tiago Neuenfeld Munhoz, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Flávio Sérgio Chiuchetta, Fernando Barros, Aline Coletto, Alicia Matijasevich
Objective: To evaluate providers' compliance with practice guidelines of prenatal and neonatal care in order to reduce neonatal mortality. Methods: Uncontrolled before-and-after study designed to evaluate changes that occurred between 2004 and 2012, after the interventions proposed by the Municipality Committee of Research on Child Deaths, Foetal and Maternal Death (COMAI) on the frequency of the process indicators for perinatal assistance improvement. A total of 254 patients were studied in 2004 and 259 patients in 2012...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143513/utilization-of-institutional-delivery-service-and-associated-factors-in-bench-maji-zone-southwest-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Niguse Tadele, Tafesse Lamaro
BACKGROUND: At the end of Millennium development goals, Ethiopia was included among 10 countries which constitutes about 59% of maternal deaths due to complications of pregnancy and/or childbirth every year globally. Institutional delivery, which is believed to contribute in reduction of maternal mortality is still low. Hence this study was conducted in order to assess utilization of institutional delivery and related factors in Bench Maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Cross sectional study was employed from September 1st - 30th, 2015 in Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia where 765 mothers who deliver 2 years preceding the study provided data for this research...
February 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124806/-unladylike-commotion-early-feminism-and-nursing-s-role-in-gender-trans-dialogue
#18
Marsha D Fowler
From nursing's history comes the impetus and grounding for our current voice in gender/trans dialogue. Modern nursing struggled its way into being against restrictive, unjust, and oppressive social structures. Many of the obstructions and constraints that nurses and nursing leaders faced were shared by the general populace of women, and yet nurses were different from other women. Nurses worked outside the home, caring for strangers, including unrelated men, in a period when women were otherwise confined to the home...
January 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107156/mandatory-reporting-of-human-trafficking-potential-benefits-and-risks-of-harm
#19
Abigail English
Human trafficking, including both sex and labor trafficking, has profound consequences for the safety, health, and well-being of victims and survivors. Efforts to address human trafficking through prevention, protection, and prosecution are growing but remain insufficient. Mandatory reporting has the potential to bring victims and survivors to the attention of social service and law enforcement agencies but may discourage trafficked persons from seeking help, thereby limiting the ability of health care professionals to establish trust and provide needed care...
January 1, 2017: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079443/breastfeeding-in-women-having-experienced-childhood-sexual-abuse
#20
Constanze Elfgen, Niels Hagenbuch, Gisela Görres, Emina Block, Brigitte Leeners
BACKGROUND: Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) can have a serious effect on general and obstetric health. Breastfeeding includes several triggers for memories of abuse experiences, which will likely influence decisions about breastfeeding and its implementation in daily life. This is important since breastfeeding improves maternal well-being and bonding with the child. Research aim: As breastfeeding strongly influences the long-term health of children, we investigated experiences with breastfeeding in women with a history of CSA...
February 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
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