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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762912/professional-and-personal-competency-development-in-near-peer-tutors-of-gross-anatomy-a-longitudinal-mixed-methods-study
#1
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
There are many benefits to peer and near-peer tutoring. The current literature suggests that near-peer teaching within the domain of gross anatomy may lead to the development of numerous competencies for burgeoning medical professionals. The aim of this study was a quantitative and qualitative approach to explore which professional and personal competencies anatomy tutors developed as a result of their teaching activities in a gross anatomy course at a medical school in Germany. For a period of 18 months, 24 peer tutors were followed and queried multiple times via questionnaire and semi-structured interviews...
May 15, 2018: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754417/teaching-paediatric-basic-life-support-in-medical-schools-using-peer-teaching-or-video-demonstration-a-prospective-randomised-trial
#2
Frederik Stephan, Hanjo Groetschel, Anja K Büscher, Deniz Serdar, Kjell A Groes, Rainer Büscher
AIM: The outcome of children with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is still poor, but bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation can increase survival and minimise severe neurological sequelae. While teaching basic life support is standardised in emergency medicine classes, paediatric basic life support (PBLS) in neonates and toddlers is under-represented in paediatric curricula during university education. The appropriate mixture of E-learning and peer teaching lessons remains controversial in teaching paediatric basic skills...
May 13, 2018: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749838/learning-gains-from-a-recurring-teach-and-question-homework-assignment-in-a-general-biology-course-using-reciprocal-peer-tutoring-outside-class
#3
E G Bailey, D Baek, J Meiling, C Morris, N Nelson, N S Rice, S Rose, P Stockdale
Providing students with one-on-one interaction with instructors is a big challenge in large courses. One solution is to have students interact with their peers during class. Reciprocal peer tutoring (RPT) is a more involved interaction that requires peers to alternate the roles of "teacher" and "student." Theoretically, advantages for peer tutoring include the verbalization and questioning of information and the scaffolded exploration of material through social and cognitive interaction...
June 2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739376/a-systematic-review-of-the-literature-describing-the-outcomes-of-near-peer-mentoring-programs-for-first-year-medical-students
#4
Olawunmi Akinla, Pamela Hagan, William Atiomo
BACKGROUND: Transition into higher education has been identified as one of the most stressful periods for learners. Interventions targeting the transition phase such as near- peer mentoring might help address some of these challenges. We were however unable to identify a published systematic review of the literature describing outcomes of near-peer mentoring of medical students during the transition phase into medical school. The aim of this paper is to review the literature and describe the outcomes of near-peer mentoring schemes for first-year medical students in the transition phase...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#5
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698874/assessing-the-competences-associated-with-a-nursing-bachelor-thesis-by-means-of-rubrics
#6
M Llaurado-Serra, E Rodríguez, A Gallart, P Fuster, C Monforte-Royo, M Á De Juan
BACKGROUND: Writing a Bachelor thesis is the last step in obtaining a university degree. The thesis may be job- or research-orientated, but it must demonstrate certain degree-level competences. Rubrics are a useful way of unifying the assessment criteria. OBJECTIVES: To design a system of rubrics for assessing the competences associated with the Bachelor thesis of a nursing degree, to examine the system's reliability and validity and to analyse results in relation to the final thesis mark...
April 17, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621744/undergraduate-peer-assisted-learning-tutors-performance-in-summative-anatomy-examinations-a-pilot-study
#7
Andee Agius, Isabel Stabile
Objectives: To compare summative anatomy examination results of Peer Assisted Learning (PAL) tutors and learners in the same undergraduate classroom. Methods: Comparative study of Year-1 medical students who did/did not serve as PAL tutors. PAL tutors gave six hours of teaching in lower limb anatomy. Percent marks for written and spotting examinations were compared between PAL tutors and PAL learners. Results: The 12 self-selected PAL tutors were not significantly different from their peers (n=191) in terms of age or nationality, but 20% were female compared to 51% of PAL learners...
March 30, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503310/effectiveness-of-a-retention-program-to-improve-performance-during-the-first-semester-of-a-doctor-of-physical-therapy-program
#8
S Christopher Owens, Yolanda Rainey, Pamela Tucker, Brian Edmunds
BACKGROUND: To meet the expanding need for physical therapists universities are under increasing pressure to enroll, educate, and train physical therapists. Poor academic performance can result in student dismissal from a physical therapy program. The purpose of this study is to determine if implementation of a retention program would improve student academic performance in the foundational science curriculum in a physical therapy program. METHODS: A prospective observational cohort design was used...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501000/promoting-interprofessional-learning-and-enhancing-the-pre-registration-student-experience-through-reciprocal-cross-professional-peer-tutoring
#9
Fiona McLeod, Caroline Jamison, Karen Treasure
BACKGROUND: To improve collaboration and the quality of care, healthcare programmes are increasingly promoting interprofessional education thereby enabling students to learn with, from and about each other. A reciprocal peer learning model has developed among pre-registration physiotherapy and adult nursing students at Plymouth University, England. Embedded within the curriculum, it provides voluntary opportunities for year two students to become cross professional peer tutors to year one students while enhancing interprofessional understanding and skills acquisition...
May 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380486/brief-report-exploring-the-benefits-of-a-peer-tutored-physical-education-programme-among-high-school-students-with-intellectual-disability
#10
Erica Gobbi, Márcia Greguol, Attilio Carraro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore possible benefits of a peer-tutored physical education programme (PTPE) in comparison with school physical education (SPE) in high school students with intellectual disability. METHOD: Nineteen students with intellectual disabilities (15 boys, mean age 17.4 ± 1.7 years) were monitored during three PTPE and three SPE classes. A factorial RM-ANOVA was used to test differences on objective measured physical activity (PA), enjoyment and exertion during the two conditions, considering participants' weight condition as independent factor...
January 29, 2018: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318736/junior-doctor-teaching-delivered-by-near-peers
#11
Oluwaseun Anyiam, Victoria Ware, Maria McKenna, John Hanley
BACKGROUND: Near-peer teaching - trainees teaching more junior trainee colleagues - has been widely described in undergraduate medical education. Several benefits have been reported, including a more comfortable learning environment for learners and the development of tutors' teaching skills. Near-peer teaching programmes in postgraduate training are less commonly described in the existing literature, however. This article outlines a pilot study of a postgraduate near-peer teaching programme implemented at the Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle, UK...
January 10, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291479/correlates-of-bullying-and-its-relationship-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-lebanese-adolescents
#12
Fadi Halabi, Lilian Ghandour, Racha Dib, Pia Zeinoun, Fadi T Maalouf
Understanding the contextual determinants of bullying behavior is pivotal for effective interventions. This paper describes the prevalence of bullying, its socio-demographic correlates and factors influencing its relationship with psychiatric disorders among a population-based sample of adolescents from Beirut recruited through a two-stage cluster sampling design. Recruited participants (n = 510) and their parents completed a battery of questionnaires and interviews including the Development and Wellbeing Assessment (DAWBA) and the Peer-Relations Questionnaire (PRQ)...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226274/virtual-dissection-by-ultrasound-probe-handling-in-the-first-year-of-medical-education
#13
Graziano Serrao, Massimo Tassoni, Alberto M Magenta-Biasina, Antonio Giuseppe Mantero, Antonino Previtera, Michela Crisitna Turci, Elia Mario Biganzoli, Emanuela A M Bertolini
Objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the educational plan of first-year students of medicine by analyzing their scores in ultrasound body scanning. Methods: Since 2009, the San Paolo Medical School (Milan, Italy) has vertically integrated the study of anatomy with ultrasound-assisted virtual body dissection. Three modules were supplied: musculoskeletal system, heart and abdomen pelvis. 653 first-year students were trained. The students alternated as mutual model and operator...
September 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186647/-students-clinical-nurse-preceptors-and-academic-tutors-perception-and-experience-in-relation-to-the-implementation-of-a-dedicated-education-unit-a-qualitative-study-using-focus-group
#14
Loris Bonetti, Manuela Cattalani, Angela Pacciani, Cristina Angelini, Patrizia Basile, Maria Cristina Currà, Ernesto Evicelli, Daniela Spotti, Carmela Crisalide, Giuseppina LeDonne
OBJECTIVE: analyse students, clinical nurse preceptors and academic tutors' perception and experience further to the implementation of a Dedicated Education Unit (DEU) in a pulmonary medicine ward. METHOD: The study follows a qualitative descriptive method. Data have been collected through focus groups (FGs). We have organized four different FGs, a specific focus group for each stakeholder (students, nurses and tutors) and a closing one with everybody. Each FG followed a qualitative content analysis method...
July 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132600/an-overview-of-peer-tutor-training-strategies-at-german-medical-schools
#15
Simone Alvarez, Kathrin Dethleffsen, Tobias Esper, Astrid Horneffer, Kirsten Reschke, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
BACKGROUND: An increased popularity of peer-assisted learning in medical schools all over the globe has caused a growing interest in taking a closer look into how student tutors are trained to handle the task. This article provides an overview of the tutor training strategies at five medical faculties in Germany. METHODS: Nine German medical faculties with an evident tutor training strategy were contacted by phone or e-mail. Ultimately, five of the nine contacted faculties responded and provided a detailed overview of their individual tutor training...
October 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128429/practice-report-bericht-aus-der-praxis-an-exploration-of-peer-tutor-roles-and-recruitment-at-german-medical-schools
#16
Simone Alvarez, Jobst-Hendrik Schultz
BACKGROUND: Almost all medical faculties in Germany actively employ peer tutors. However, little is known about the roles these tutors play from a faculty point of view. Also, there are only few descriptions of the tutor recruitment and selection processes. METHODS: 32 of the medical faculties in Germany, where tutors are used in the training of medical students, were asked to provide information on the role and recruitment of tutors by means of a partially standardized questionnaire...
November 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058604/correction-to-medical-students-can-teach-communication-skills-a-mixed-methods-study-of-cross-year-peer-tutoring
#17
Osamu Nomura, Hirotaka Onishi, Hiroyuki Kato
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029969/cross-year-peer-assisted-learning-using-the-inverted-flipped-classroom-design-a-pilot-study-in-dentistry
#18
Maximilian Quoß, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szep
BACKGROUND: The inverted classroom model (ICM) represents a special combination of online and attendance learning. The implementation of the didactic concept of "peer-assisted learning" (PAL) within an ICM design has not yet been described in the literature for the field of restorative dentistry. OBJECTIVE: It was the goal of the present study to develop an ICM offering in a cross-year PAL format (ICM-cyPAL), and then introduce and evaluate it. METHOD: The pilot project was conducted at the dental clinic at the Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, where following its conceptual development and implementation with three consecutive cohorts of students in their first clinical semester (the sixth semester at university) the ICM-cyPAL offering was evaluated...
October 10, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026536/implementation-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infection-prevention-bundles-in-a-surgical-intensive-care-unit-using-peer-tutoring
#19
Sang-Won Park, Suhui Ko, Hye-Sun An, Ji Hwan Bang, Woo-Young Chung
BACKGROUND: Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) can be prevented through well-coordinated, multifaceted programs. However, implementation of CLABSI prevention programs requires individualized strategies for different institutional situations, and the best strategy in resource-limited settings is uncertain. Peer tutoring may be an efficient and effective method that is applicable in such settings. METHODS: A prospective intervention was performed to reduce CLABSIs in a surgical intensive care unit (SICU) at a tertiary hospital...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963278/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-goactive-intervention-to-increase-physical-activity-among-adolescents-aged-13-14-years
#20
Helen Elizabeth Brown, Fiona Whittle, Stephanie T Jong, Caroline Croxson, Stephen J Sharp, Paul Wilkinson, Edward Cf Wilson, Esther Mf van Sluijs, Anna Vignoles, Kirsten Corder
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent physical activity promotion is rarely effective, despite adolescence being critical for preventing physical activity decline. Low adolescent physical activity is likely to last into adulthood, increasing health risks. The Get Others Active (GoActive) intervention is evidence-based and was developed iteratively with adolescents and teachers. This intervention aims to increase physical activity through increased peer support, self-efficacy, group cohesion, self-esteem and friendship quality, and is implemented using a tiered-leadership system...
September 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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