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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#1
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313092/the-michel-benoist-and-robert-mulholland-yearly-european-spine-journal-review-a-survey-of-the-surgical-and-research-articles-in-the-european-spine-journal-2017
#2
REVIEW
Robert C Mulholland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301170/korean-journal-of-spine-the-long-history-of-archives-of-spine-academia-and-the-beginning-of-a-new-era
#3
Yoon Ha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239893/switch-from-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-combination-to-dolutegravir-plus-rilpivirine-improves-parameters-of-bone-health
#4
Grace A Mccomsey, Sergio Lupo, David Parks, Mónica Coronado Poggio, Joseph De Wet, Lesley P Kahl, Kostas Angelis, Brian Wynne, Kati Vandermeulen, Martin Gartland, Michael Cupo, Michael Aboud
OBJECTIVE: Bone mineral density (BMD) loss, a risk factor for osteoporosis, has been attributed to HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART), including regimens containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. DESIGN: Study 202094 is an open-label, parallel-group, sub-study of the phase III SWORD-1 and SWORD-2 studies (ClincialTrials.gov identifier, NCT02478632). METHODS: HIV-1-infected adults with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies per mL who received ART containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for ≥6 months were randomized to receive dolutegravir+rilpivirine or continue current ART regimen...
December 12, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239253/fifty-top-cited-spine-articles-from-mainland-china-a-citation-analysis
#5
Yaohong Wu, Yachao Zhao, Linghan Lin, Zhijun Lu, Zhaoyang Guo, Xiaoming Li, Rongchun Chen, Huasong Ma
Objective To identify the 50 top-cited spine articles from mainland China and to analyze their main characteristics. Methods Web of Science was used to identify the 50 top-cited spine articles from mainland China in 27 spine-related journals. The title, year of publication, number of citations, journal, anatomic focus, subspecialty, evidence level, city, institution and author were recorded. Results The top 50 articles had 29-122 citations and were published in 11 English-language journals; most (32) were published in the 2000s...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227322/no-clear-benefit-of-chlorhexidine-use-at-home-before-surgical-preparation
#6
Melvin Chugh Makhni, Kolawole Jegede, Joseph Lombardi, Susan Whittier, Prakash Gorroochurn, Ronald A Lehman, K Daniel Riew
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have evaluated the efficacy of home use of chlorhexidine before surgery to reduce bacterial colonization. However, these studies have provided conflicting evidence about the potential efficacy of this strategy in decreasing bacterial loads and infection rates across surgical populations, and no prior study has analyzed the benefit of this intervention before spine surgery. We prospectively analyzed the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate wipes for decreasing bacterial counts on the posterior neck...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196944/scientometric-evaluation-of-the-global-research-in-spine-an-update-on-the-pioneering-study-by-wei-et-al
#7
REVIEW
Ozcan Konur
PURPOSE: Wei et al. evaluated the global research in spine using scientometric methods based on a sample of 13,115 papers published in 5 spine journals from 2004 to 2013. This study builds on this pioneering study and provides up-to-date and thorough information on spine based on a sample of 166,962 papers for the stakeholders. METHOD: 'Articles' and 'reviews' published in 'English' in the journals indexed by the 'Web of Science' primary databases between 1980 and 2017 were retrieved through the use of an optimal keyword set for titles of both papers and ten spine journals...
December 1, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151051/subclinical-propionibacterium-acnes-infection-estimation-in-the-intervertebral-disc-spine-id-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort
#8
Nelson Astur, Delio E Martins, Marcelo Wajchenberg, Mario Ferretti, Fernando G Menezes, Andre M Doi, Laercio A Rosemberg, Durval C B Santos, Alexandre S Iutaka, Luciano M R Rodrigues, Marines D V Martino, Jorge R Pagura, Eduardo N Kihara Filho, Mario Lenza
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain and vertebral endplate abnormalities are common conditions within the population. Subclinical infection caused by indolent pathogens can potentially lead to these findings, with differentiation between them notably challenging from a clinical perspective. Progressive infection of the intervertebral disc has been extensively associated with increasing low back pain, with Propionibacterium acnes specifically implicated with in relation to sciatica. The main purpose of this study is to identify if the presence of an infective pathogen within the intervertebral disc is primary or is a result of intraoperative contamination, and whether this correlates to low back pain...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134341/universit%C3%A3-tsspital-z%C3%A3-rich-80-years-of-neurosurgical-patient-care-in-switzerland
#9
Martin N Stienen, Carlo Serra, Lennart H Stieglitz, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Oliver Bozinov, Luca Regli
BACKGROUND: The predecessor of today's Department of Neurosurgery, UniversitätsSpital Zürich (USZ), was founded 80 years ago as the first independent Swiss clinic dedicated to neurosurgical patient care. On the occasion of this anniversary, we aimed to highlight the history of neurosurgery as a specialty at the USZ, and to put it into the historical context of Swiss and European Neurosurgery. METHOD: A literature review was conducted and we searched the archives of the USZ and the city of Zurich, as well as those of Swiss journals to extract relevant published articles, books, historical reports and pictures...
November 13, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080002/how-does-patient-rated-outcome-change-over-time-following-the-surgical-treatment-of-degenerative-disorders-of-the-thoracolumbar-spine
#10
Tamas F Fekete, M Loibl, D Jeszenszky, D Haschtmann, P Banczerowski, F S Kleinstück, H J Becker, F Porchet, A F Mannion
PURPOSE: Patient-rated measures are considered the gold standard for assessing the outcome of spine surgery, but there is no consensus on the appropriate timing of follow-up. Journals often demand a minimum 2-year follow-up, but the indiscriminate application of this principle may not be warranted. We examined the course of change in patient outcomes up to 5 years after surgery for degenerative spinal disorders. METHODS: The data were evaluated from 4287 consecutive patients (2287 women, 2000 men; aged 62 ± 15 years) with degenerative disorders of the thoracolumbar spine, undergoing first-time surgery at the given level between 01/01/2005 and 31/12/2011...
October 27, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077603/correlation-of-functional-outcomes-and-sagittal-alignment-after-long-instrumented-fusion-for-degenerative-thoracolumbar-spinal-disease
#11
Kuang-Ting Yeh, Ru-Ping Lee, Ing-Ho Chen, Tzai-Chiu Yu, Kuan-Lin Liu, Cheng-Huan Peng, Jen-Hung Wang, Wen-Tien Wu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective function and radiography study of the patients who have received long instrumented thoracolumbar fusion. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the sagittal spinopelvic alignment and the functional outcomes after long instrumented fusion for degenerative thoracolumbar spinal disease. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Restoring better sagittal alignment is known as a key factor to spine fusion surgeries. The relationship between function and radiographic results in the elderly group is barely known...
October 26, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061616/transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-with-cortical-bone-trajectory-screws-versus-traditional-pedicle-screws-fixation-a-study-protocol-of-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
Zhenhua Feng, Xiaobin Li, Qian Tang, Chenggui Wang, Wenhao Zheng, Hui Zhang, Ai-Min Wu, Naifeng Tian, Yaosen Wu, Wenfei Ni
INTRODUCTION: Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) has been widely used in the treatment of lumbar degenerative disc disorders and shows favourable clinical results. Recently, cortical bone trajectory (CBT) has become a new trajectory for screw insertion in the lumbar spine. Several biomechanical studies have demonstrated that the CBT technique achieves screw purchase and strength greater than the traditional method. Currently, the available data on the clinical effectiveness of the two performed surgeries, TLIF with CBT screws (CBT-TLIF) and TLIF with traditional pedicle screws (PS-TLIF), are insufficient...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061600/global-research-trends-in-spinal-ultrasound-a-systematic-bibliometric-analysis
#13
Xiao Zhai, Jin Cui, Jie Shao, Qijin Wang, Xiao Chen, Xianzhao Wei, Xiaoyi Zhou, Ziqiang Chen, Yushu Bai, Ming Li
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been increased interest in the use of ultrasound technology in the evaluation of spinal and paraspinal regions. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate trends in spinal ultrasound research from 1994 to 2015 and compare the contributions of such research from different countries and authors. STUDY DESIGN: Bibliometric analysis. SETTING: Publications related to spinal ultrasound from 1994 to 2015 were retrieved from the Web of Science database...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046090/is-the-number-of-new-trauma-and-orthopaedic-consultant-posts-increasing-or-decreasing
#14
REVIEW
S Wilson, Npm Jain, D S Johnson
Introduction Trauma and orthopaedics is a popular surgical specialty in the UK. Recent changes to the National Health Service have suggested an imbalance with fewer jobs yet more trainees. Furthermore, subspecialisation is emerging within all surgical disciplines. The aim of this study was to examine whether there were decreasing numbers of trauma and orthopaedic (T&O) consultant appointments in the UK, and to determine the frequency of subspecialisation. Methods All 51 issues of the British Medical Journal (BMJ) careers supplement from the year 2000 were reviewed as well as the 51 issues from 2010...
November 2017: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036016/exercise-preserves-physical-function-in-prostate-cancer-patients-with-bone-metastases
#15
Daniel A Galvão, Dennis R Taaffe, Nigel Spry, Prue Cormie, David Joseph, Suzanne K Chambers, Raphael Chee, Carolyn Peddle-McIntyre, Nicolas H Hart, Freerk T Baumann, James Denham, Michael Baker, Robert U Newton
PURPOSE: The presence of bone metastases has excluded participation of cancer patients in exercise interventions and is a relative contraindication to supervised exercise in the community setting due to concerns of fragility fracture. We examined the efficacy and safety of a modular multi-modal exercise program in prostate cancer patients with bone metastases. METHODS: Between 2012 and 2015, 57 prostate cancer patients (70.0±8.4 years; BMI 28.7±4.0 kg/m) with bone metastases (pelvis 75...
October 14, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019343/the-association-between-dietary-inflammatory-properties-and-bone-mineral-density-and-risk-of-fracture-in-us-adults
#16
M Mazidi, N Shivappa, M D Wirth, J R Hebert, H Vatanparast, A P Kengne
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: To examine the associations of dietary inflammatory index (DII) with bone mineral density (BMD) and fracture risk in adult Americans.Subjects/Method:The United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants during 2005-2010 were included if they had measured data on dietary intake and BMD. DII scores were calculated from estimated micro- and macronutrients from a single 24-h dietary recall. BMD was measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry densitometers...
November 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967807/cumulative-mass-and-niosh-variable-lifting-index-method-for-risk-assessment-possible-relations
#17
Giulia Stucchi, Natale Battevi, Monica Pandolfi, Luca Galinotti, Simona Iodice, Chiara Favero
Objective The aim of this study was to explore whether the Variable Lifting Index (VLI) can be corrected for cumulative mass and thus test its efficacy in predicting the risk of low-back pain (LBP). Background A validation study of the VLI method was published in this journal reporting promising results. Although several studies highlighted a positive correlation between cumulative load and LBP, cumulative mass has never been considered in any of the studies investigating the relationship between manual material handling and LBP...
September 1, 2017: Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952872/kinematics-of-the-spine-during-sit-to-stand-using-motion-analysis-systems-a-systematic-review-of-literature
#18
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Shapour Jaberzadeh, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Sanjari, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Clinical evaluation of the spine is commonplace in musculoskeletal therapies such as physiotherapy, physical medicine/rehabilitation, osteopathic, and chiropractic clinics. Sit-to-stand (STS) is one of the most mechanically demanding of daily activities and crucial to independence. Difficulty or inability to perform STS is common in individuals with a variety of motor disabilities such as low back pain. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate available evidence in literature to determine 2D and 3D kinematics of the spine during STS in patients with LBP and healthy young adult participants using motion analysis systems (electromagnetic and marker based)...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947012/advice-to-give-advice
#19
Patricia Z Zheng, Matthew Smuck
Matthew L. Stevens, Chung-Wei C. Lin, Flavia A. de Carvalho, Kevin Phan, Bart Koes, Chris G. Maher. Advice for acute low back pain: A comparison of what research supports and what guidelines recommend. The Spine Journal, In Press.
October 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947011/clinical-prediction-rules-the-importance-of-the-validation-phase
#20
Anick Nater, Michael G Fehlings
Commentary On: Hicks K.E., Zhao Y., Fallah N, Rivers C, Noonan V, Plashkes T, Wai EK, Roffey DM, Tsai E, Paquet J, Attabib N, Marion T, Ahn H, Phan P. A simplified clinical prediction rule for prognosticating independent walking after spinal cord injury: a prospective study from a Canadian multicenter spinal cord injury registry. The Spine Journal. Article in press.
October 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
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