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March 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
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March 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
Michael A Wewege, Rachel E Ward
OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively compare bone mineral density (BMD) outcomes between pre-professional female adolescent ballet dancers and control populations. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Six electronic databases and relevant journals were systematically searched up to August 2017. Included articles examined BMD in adolescent females undergoing pre-professional ballet training and healthy age-matched controls with an available English full text...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Seiji Ohtori, Sumihisa Orita, Yawara Eguchi, Yasuchika Aoki, Miyako Suzuki, Gou Kubota, Kazuhide Inage, Yasuhiro Shiga, Koki Abe, Hideyuki Kinoshita, Masahiro Inoue, Hirohito Kanamoto, Masaki Norimoto, Tomotaka Umimura, Takeo Furuya, Koda Masao, Satoshi Maki, Tsutomu Akazawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the publication rate and impact factors (IFs) among all abstracts presented at the 2010 and 2012 meetings of the International Society for the Study of Lumbar Spine (ISSLS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The publication rate of abstracts presented at overseas meetings was reported to be around 50%. However, the publication rate and IFs of oral and poster presentations made at ISSLS meetings were unclear...
March 5, 2018: Spine
Siobhan A O'Leary, Nikolaos K Paschos, Jarrett M Link, Eric O Klineberg, Jerry C Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou
The zygapophyseal joint, a diarthrodial joint commonly referred to as the facet joint, plays a pivotal role in back pain, a condition that has been a leading cause of global disability since 1990. Along with the intervertebral disc, the facet joint supports spinal motion and aids in spinal stability. Highly susceptible to early development of osteoarthritis, the facet is responsible for a significant amount of pain in the low-back, mid-back, and neck regions. Current noninvasive treatments cannot offer long-term pain relief, while invasive treatments can relieve pain but fail to preserve joint functionality...
March 1, 2018: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
Jing Sun, Yan Guo, Marius M Scarlat, Guang Lv, Xiong-Gang Yang, Yong-Cheng Hu
PURPOSE: We aimed to investigate the status quo of orthopaedic publications from China and characterize the most-cited articles to provide valuable insights for orthopaedists. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were used to search for Chinese orthopaedic publications from 1997 to 2017 to determine the growing pattern of Chinese research globally. Then Web of Science database was searched for articles with most citations in all journals included in the Journal Citation Report 2016 under the category of "orthopaedics" for the last five years, and the total numbers of articles in the last three respective years were also analyzed...
February 20, 2018: International Orthopaedics
Nickalus R Khan, Hassan Saad, Chesney S Oravec, Nicholas Rossi, Vincent Nguyen, Garrett T Venable, Jock C Lillard, Prayash Patel, Douglas R Taylor, Brandy N Vaughn, Douglas Kondziolka, Fred G Barker, L Madison Michael, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the role of industry sponsorship of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published exclusively in 3 major North American neurosurgical journals. METHODS: Our primary objective was to determine whether an association exists between study conclusion(s) in favor of industry sponsored drugs, devices/implants, or surgical techniques and industry sponsorship. The secondary objective was to describe the quality/quantity of these neurosurgical RCTs...
February 15, 2018: Neurosurgery
Michael R McClung, Nicholas C Harvey, Lorraine A Fitzpatrick, Paul D Miller, Gary Hattersley, Yamei Wang, Felicia Cosman
OBJECTIVE: Advanced age is an important risk factor for fracture. The Abaloparatide Comparator Trial In Vertebral Endpoints (ACTIVE) trial showed that subcutaneous abaloparatide increased bone mineral density (BMD) and reduced the risk of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. This study describes the effects of abaloparatide in the subgroup of women aged 80 or more years in ACTIVE. METHODS: Post hoc analyses of BMD and fracture incidence in this subgroup of women who received abaloparatide or placebo in the 18-month, phase 3, double-blind, randomized controlled ACTIVE trial...
February 16, 2018: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
David Reininger, Carlos Cobo-Vázquez, Benjamin Rosenberg, Juan López-Quiles
Background: Provide a review of alternative intraoral donor sites to the chin and body-ramus of the mandible that bring fewer complications and that may be used to regenerate small and medium defects. Material and Methods: A review was conducted using the search engine PUBMED and looking manually into scientific journals. Results: From the 35 articles included, 6 corresponded to the coronoids, 3 corresponded to the zygomatic body, 5 corresponded to the anterior maxillary sinus wall, 3 corresponded to the zygomatic alveolar process, 2 corresponded to the incisive fossa, 2 corresponded to the anterior nasal spine, 2 corresponded to the palatal region, 5 corresponded to the tuberosity, and 7 corresponded to the palatal and mandibular tori...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Greg McIntosh, Ivan Steenstra, Sheilah Hogg-Johnson, Tom Carter, Hamilton Hall
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency with which prediction studies for low back pain outcomes utilize prospective methods of prognostic model validation. METHOD: Searches of Medline and Embase for terms "predict/predictor", "prognosis" or "prognostic factor". The search was limited to studies conducted in humans and reported in the English language. Included articles were all those published in two Spine specialty journals (Spine and The Spine Journal) over a 13 month period, January 2013 to January 2014...
February 5, 2018: Clinical Journal of Pain
Atefeh Aboutorabi, Mokhtar Arazpour, Monireh Ahmadi Bani, Abbas Ali Keshtkar
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic hyperkyphosis is one of the most common spinal disorders in older people, creating impairment, postural instability, gait disorders and a reduced quality of life. The use of spinal orthoses and/or postural taping may be feasible conservative interventions, but their efficacy is uncertain. The aim of this review is therefore to investigate the effectiveness of spinal orthoses and taping on the balance and gait of older people with hyperkyphosis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will include randomised controlled trials and clinical trial studies which assess the efficacy of spinal orthoses and taping using the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) outcome measures in older people with hyperkyphosis of the thoracic spine...
January 31, 2018: BMJ Open
Christine Cedraschi, Margareta Nordin, Scott Haldeman, Kristi Randhawa, Deborah Kopansky-Giles, Claire D Johnson, Roger Chou, Eric L Hurwitz, Pierre Côté
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to describe psychological and social factors associated with low back pain that could be applied in spine care programs in medically underserved areas and low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: We performed a narrative review of cohort, cross-sectional, qualitative and mixed methods studies investigating adults with low back pain using Medline and PubMed were searched from January 2000 to June 2015. Eligible studies had at least one of the following outcomes: psychological, social, psychosocial, or cultural/ethnicity factors...
January 27, 2018: European Spine Journal
Tania Winzenberg, Christel Lamberg-Allardt, Ghada El-Hajj Fuleihan, Christian Mølgaard, Kun Zhu, Feitong Wu, Richard D Riley
INTRODUCTION: Our previous study-level (aggregate data) meta-analysis suggested that vitamin D supplements may be beneficial for bone density specifically in children with vitamin D deficiency. However, the misclassification of vitamin D status inherent in study-level data means that the results are not definitive and cannot provide an accurate assessment of the size of any effect. Therefore, we propose to undertake an individual patient data (IPD) meta-analysis to determine whether the effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone density in children differs according to baseline vitamin D status, and to specifically estimate the effect of vitamin D in children who are vitamin D deficient...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
Robert C Mulholland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: European Spine Journal
Yoon Ha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Korean Journal of Spine
Grace A McComsey, Sergio Lupo, David Parks, Mónica Coronado Poggio, Joseph De Wet, Lesley P Kahl, Kostas Angelis, Brian Wynne, Kati Vandermeulen, Martin Gartland, Michael Cupo, Michael Aboud
OBJECTIVE: Bone mineral density (BMD) loss, a risk factor for osteoporosis, has been attributed to HIV infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART), including regimens containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. DESIGN: Study 202094 is an open-label, parallel-group, sub-study of the phase III SWORD-1 and SWORD-2 studies ( identifier, NCT02478632). METHODS: HIV-1-infected adults with HIV-1 RNA less than 50 copies/ml who received ART containing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for at least 6 months were randomized to receive dolutegravir with rilpivirine or continue current ART regimen...
February 20, 2018: AIDS
Yaohong Wu, Yachao Zhao, Linghan Lin, Zhijun Lu, Zhaoyang Guo, Xiaoming Li, Rongchun Chen, Huasong Ma
Objective To identify the 50 top-cited spine articles from mainland China and to analyze their main characteristics. Methods Web of Science was used to identify the 50 top-cited spine articles from mainland China in 27 spine-related journals. The title, year of publication, number of citations, journal, anatomic focus, subspecialty, evidence level, city, institution and author were recorded. Results The top 50 articles had 29-122 citations and were published in 11 English-language journals; most (32) were published in the 2000s...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
Melvin Chugh Makhni, Kolawole Jegede, Joseph Lombardi, Susan Whittier, Prakash Gorroochurn, Ronald A Lehman, K Daniel Riew
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have evaluated the efficacy of home use of chlorhexidine before surgery to reduce bacterial colonization. However, these studies have provided conflicting evidence about the potential efficacy of this strategy in decreasing bacterial loads and infection rates across surgical populations, and no prior study has analyzed the benefit of this intervention before spine surgery. We prospectively analyzed the effectiveness of chlorhexidine gluconate wipes for decreasing bacterial counts on the posterior neck...
January 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Ozcan Konur
PURPOSE: Wei et al. evaluated the global research in spine using scientometric methods based on a sample of 13,115 papers published in 5 spine journals from 2004 to 2013. This study builds on this pioneering study and provides up-to-date and thorough information on spine based on a sample of 166,962 papers for the stakeholders. METHOD: 'Articles' and 'reviews' published in 'English' in the journals indexed by the 'Web of Science' primary databases between 1980 and 2017 were retrieved through the use of an optimal keyword set for titles of both papers and ten spine journals...
December 1, 2017: European Spine Journal
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