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Immunological tolerance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542608/increase-in-complement-ic3b-is-associated-with-anti-inflammatory-cytokine-expression-during-late-pregnancy-in-mice
#1
Keigo Nakamura, Kazuya Kusama, Rulan Bai, Sadamasa Ishikawa, Sayuri Fukushima, Yoshihito Suda, Kazuhiko Imakawa
Immunological tolerance between fetal allograft and mother is crucial for pregnancy establishment and maintenance; however, these mechanisms particularly those during the latter part of pregnancy have not been definitively elucidated. The aim of this study was to examine the presence and potential function of innate immunity characteristic to the middle to late pregnancy. We first characterized up-regulated proteins in decidua from day 11 pregnant (P11) mice using 2D-PAGE, followed by MALDI-TOF/MS analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539186/a-survey-of-inpatient-practitioner-knowledge-of-penicillin-allergy-at-2-community-teaching-hospitals
#2
Mary L Staicu, Dipekka Soni, Kelly M Conn, Allison Ramsey
BACKGROUND: The negative effect of the penicillin allergy label on antibiotic use and patient outcomes has brought to light the need for thorough penicillin allergy assessments and heightened practitioner education. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate practitioner knowledge of penicillin allergy and the clinical approach to the patients with penicillin allergy. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to attending physicians, residents, pharmacists, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants practicing adult inpatient medicine at 2 community-based teaching hospitals from February to April 2016...
May 20, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536366/advances-in-the-use-of-regulatory-t-cells-for-the-prevention-and-therapy-of-graft-vs-host-disease
#3
REVIEW
Reshma Ramlal, Gerhard C Hildebrandt
Regulatory T (Tregs) cells play a crucial role in immunoregulation and promotion of immunological tolerance. Adoptive transfer of these cells has therefore been of interest in the field of bone marrow and solid organ transplantation, autoimmune diseases and allergy medicine. In bone marrow transplantation, Tregs play a pivotal role in the prevention of graft-verus-host disease (GvHD). This has generated interest in using adoptive Treg cellular therapy in the prevention and treatment of GvHD. There have been several barriers to the feasibility of Treg cellular therapy in the setting of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) which include low Treg concentration in peripheral blood, requiring expansion of the Treg population; instability of the expanded product with loss of FoxP3 expression; and issues related to the purity of the expanded product...
May 16, 2017: Biomedicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536029/specific-humoral-and-cellular-immune-responses-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-chronic-immunization-with-a-vegf-based-therapeutic-vaccine
#4
Yanelys Morera, Javier Sánchez, Mónica Bequet-Romero, Katty-Hind Selman-Housein, Ana de la Torre, Francisco Hernández-Bernal, Yenima Martín, Acralys Garabito, Jesús Piñero, Cimara Bermúdez, Josué de la Torre, Marta Ayala, Jorge V Gavilondo
CIGB-247 is a cancer therapeutic vaccine, based on recombinant modified human vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) as antigen, in combination with the adjuvant VSSP, a bacterially-derived adjuvant. The vaccine have demonstrated efficacy in several murine malignancy models. These studies supported the rationale for a phase I clinical trial where safety, tolerance, and immunogenicity of CIGB-247 was studied in patients with advanced solid tumors at three antigen dose level. Surviving individuals of this clinical trial were eligible to receive off-trial voluntary re-immunizations...
May 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532268/allergen-immunotherapy-in-allergic-rhinitis-current-use-and-future-trends
#5
Ludger Klimek, Oliver Pfaar, Jean Bousquet, Gabriela Senti, Thomas Kündig
Type-1 allergies are among the most chronic common diseases of humans. Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is the only causative and disease-modifying treatment option besides allergen avoidance. Severe systemic adverse allergic reactions may be induced by every AIT treatment. Different approaches have been used to provide safer AIT preparations to lower or even totally overcome this risk. Areas covered: A structured literature recherche in Medline and Pubmed under inclusion of national and international guidelines and Cochrane meta-analyses has been performed aiming at reviewing clinical use of such approaches in AIT...
May 23, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529323/an-immunogenic-phenotype-in-paternal-antigen-specific-cd8-t-cells-at-embryo-implantation-elicits-later-fetal-loss-in-mice
#6
Lachlan M Moldenhauer, Kerrilyn R Diener, John D Hayball, Sarah A Robertson
Central to pregnancy success is a state of T cell tolerance to paternal antigens, which is initiated at conception. The role and regulation of specific phenotypes of CD8(+) T cells in mediating pregnancy tolerance is not clear. This study aimed to investigate the impact on pregnancy outcome of altering the cytokine environment during maternal CD8(+) T cell priming in early pregnancy. Transgenic Act-mOVA male mice were mated to C57BL/6 (B6) females to generate fetuses expressing ovalbumin (OVA) as a model paternal antigen...
May 22, 2017: Immunology and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521905/harnessing-the-properties-of-dendritic-cells-in-the-pursuit-of-immunological-tolerance
#7
REVIEW
Christopher Horton, Kumaran Shanmugarajah, Paul J Fairchild
The acquisition of self-perpetuating, immunological tolerance specific for graft alloantigens has long been described as the "holy grail" of clinical transplantation. By removing the need for life-long immunosuppression following engraftment, the adverse consequences of immunosuppressive regimens, including chronic infections and malignancy, may be avoided. Furthermore, autoimmune diseases and allergy are, by definition, driven by aberrant immunological responses to ordinarily innocuous antigens. The re-establishment of permanent tolerance towards instigating antigens may, therefore, provide a cure to these common diseases...
April 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521904/make-immunological-peace-not-war-potential-applications-of-tolerogenic-dendritic-cells
#8
EDITORIAL
Emma Louise Walton
In this issue of the Biomedical Journal, we explore the powerful immunosuppressive properties of tolerogenic dendritic cells and discuss their potential to bring about lifelong tolerance in transplantation and autoimmune disease. We also highlight an exciting new development in the field of malaria diagnosis that could facilitate early detection of the disease.
April 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521429/b-cells-inhibit-the-antitumor-immunity-against-an-established-murine-fibrosarcoma
#9
Andrea Maglioco, Damián G Machuca, María Noel Badano, Paula Nannini, Gabriela V Camerano, Héctor Costa, Roberto Meiss, Raúl A Ruggiero, Mirta Giordano, Graciela I Dran
Despite the classic role of B cells in favoring the immune response, an inhibitory action of B lymphocytes in tumor immunity has emerged in certain studies. In methylcolanthrene-induced murine fibrosarcoma (MCC), the loss of immunogenicity and the establishment of tolerance are paralleled by systemic immune suppression and the appearance of B(+)IL-10(+) cells in tumor-draining lymph nodes. The present study aimed to assess the role of the B(+)IL-10(+) cell population in the immune evasion and tolerance induced by MCC through the depletion of B cells in mice at various times of tumor progression: Prior to or subsequent to tumor implantation...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521318/breastfeeding-childhood-asthma-and-allergic-disease
#10
Wendy H Oddy
The worldwide prevalence of childhood asthma has been increasing considerably, and the protection afforded by breastfeeding in its development has been the subject of controversy for more than 80 years. Previous systematic reviews have generally found a protective effect of breastfeeding on allergic outcomes, although many studies have methodological limitations. Although breastfeeding is protective against lower respiratory tract infection during infancy, such protection has not been demonstrated for asthma in all studies...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520518/arrested-development-infantile-hemangioma-and-the-stem-cell-teratogenic-hypothesis
#11
Shaghayegh Harbi, Hannah Park, Michael Gregory, Peter Lopez, Luis Chiriboga, Paolo Mignatti
BACKGROUND: Early-life programming is defined by the adaptive changes made by the fetus in response to an adverse in utero environment. Infantile hemangioma (IH), a vascular anomaly, is the most common tumor of infancy. Here we take IH as the tumor model to propose the stem cell teratogenic hypothesis of tumorigenesis and the potential involvement of the immune system. OBJECTIVES: Teratogenic agents include chemicals, heavy metals, pathogens, and ionizing radiation...
May 18, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28518214/immune-monitoring-as-prerequisite-for-transplantation-tolerance-trials
#12
REVIEW
Katayoun Behnam Sani, Birgit Sawitzki
Ever since its first application in clinical medicine, scientists have urged to induce tolerance towards foreign allogeneic transplants and thus avoid rejection by the recipient's immune system. This would circumvent chronic use of immunosuppressive drugs (IS) and thus avoid development of IS-induced side effects, which are contributing to the still unsatisfactory long-term graft and patient survival after solid organ transplantation. Although manifold strategies of tolerance induction have been described in preclinical models, only three therapeutic approaches have been successfully utilized in a still small number of patients...
May 18, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513983/book-review-the-foundations-of-immunology-and-their-pertinence-to-medicine
#13
REVIEW
A Corthay
We are in the era cursed with overspecialization. Charles Darwin's foundational Origin of Species, published in 1859 was accessible to the broadly educated individual. Starting with this statement, Peter Bretscher in his new book aims at explaining foundational concepts of immunology to a broad public. His standpoint is that foundational ideas usually can be simply expressed. This book describes first how foundational concepts of immunology have evolved over the last two and a half centuries. The importance of self-nonself discrimination by the immune system is acknowledged and models for immunological tolerance are compared...
May 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511092/epigenetics-and-immunotherapy-the-current-state-of-play
#14
REVIEW
Jennifer Dunn, Sudha Rao
Cancer cells employ a number of mechanisms to escape immunosurveillance and facilitate tumour progression. The recent explosion of interest in immunotherapy, especially immune checkpoint blockade, is a result of discoveries about the fundamental ligand-receptor interactions that occur between immune and cancer cells within the tumour microenvironment. Distinct ligands expressed by cancer cells engage with cell surface receptors on immune cells, triggering inhibitory pathways (such as PD-1/PD-L1) that render immune cells immunologically tolerant...
May 13, 2017: Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507802/b-cells-and-the-humoral-response-in-melanoma-the-overlooked-players-of-the-tumor-microenvironment
#15
REVIEW
Giulia Chiaruttini, Silvia Mele, James Opzoomer, Silvia Crescioli, Kristina M Ilieva, Katie E Lacy, Sophia N Karagiannis
Evidence of tumor-resident mature B cell and antibody compartments and reports of associations with favorable prognosis in malignant melanoma suggest that humoral immunity could participate in antitumor defense. Likely striving to confer immunological protection while being subjected to tumor-promoting immune tolerance, B cells may engender multiple functions, including antigen processing and presentation, cytokine-mediated signaling, antibody class switching, expression and secretion. We review key evidence in support of multifaceted immunological mechanisms by which B cells may counter or contribute to malignant melanoma, and we discuss their potential translational implications...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499411/paraneoplastic-acral-vascular-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-melanoma-under-immune-checkpoint-blockade
#16
Thilo Gambichler, Stefanie Strutzmann, Andrea Tannapfel, Laura Susok
BACKGROUND: Paraneoplastic acral vascular syndrome (PAVS) is a rare phenomenon which is observed in patients with adenocarcinomas and other malignancies. Various potential pathogenic mechanisms such as tumour invasion of sympathetic nerves, hyperviscosity, hypercoagulability, vasoactive tumour-secreted substances, and immunological mechanisms have been suggested. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a 60-year-old Caucasian male attended our hospital with a bulky lymph node mass in the right axilla...
May 12, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498618/phase-i-clinical-trial-of-cell-division-associated-1-cdca1-peptide-vaccination-for-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#17
Wataru Obara, Fuminori Sato, Kazuyoshi Takeda, Renpei Kato, Yoichiro Kato, Mitsugu Kanehira, Ryo Takata, Hiromitsu Mimata, Tamotsu Sugai, Yusuke Nakamura, Tomoaki Fujioka
We screened cell division associated 1 (CDCA1) as an oncogene that is overexpressed on several cancers, including prostate cancer. We also identified a highly immunogenic HLA-A*2402-restricted epitope peptide corresponding to part of the CDCA1 protein. We conducted a phase I clinical trial for patients with castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) using a CDCA1 peptide vaccination. Twelve patients having HLA-A*2402 with CRPC after failure of docetaxel chemotherapy were enrolled. They received subcutaneous administration of the CDCA1 peptide as an emulsion with Montanide ISA51VG once a week in a dose-escalation manner (doses of 1...
May 12, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494631/learning-from-the-failures-of-drug-discovery-in-b-cell-non-hodgkin-lymphomas-and-perspectives-for-the-future-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-and-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-as-two-ends-of-a-spectrum-in-drug-development
#18
Boris Kubuschok, Martin Trepel
Despite substantial recent advances, there is still an unmet need for better therapies in B-cell non Hodgkin lymphomas (B-NHL), especially in relapsed or refractory disease. Many novel targeted drugs have been developed based on a better molecular understanding of B-NHL. Areas covered: This article focuses on chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) as a representative for indolent lymphomas and paradigmatic for the tremendous progress in treating B-NHL on the one hand and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) as a representative for aggressive lymphomas and paradigmatic for many unsolved problems in lymphoma treatment on the other hand...
May 12, 2017: Expert Opinion on Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494555/-liver-sinusoidal-endothelial-cells-regulate-adaptive-immune-tolerance-in-the-liver
#19
Y Q Du, C Sun, S M Huang, D L Yang, J Wu
Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells are a major group of nonparenchymal cells in the liver and are involved in immunological surveillance of the liver through the expression of various scavenger receptors and pattern recognition receptors. However, in case of several physiological states, viral infections, and tumor environment, liver sinusoidal endothelial cells maintain immune tolerance in the liver through various mechanisms and cause persistent viral infection and tumor metastasis. This article reviews the mechanisms of immune tolerance of CD4 + T cells and CD8 + T cells in the liver induced by liver sinusoidal endothelial cells...
April 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485401/foxp3-regulatory-t-cells-maintain-the-bone-marrow-microenvironment-for-b-cell-lymphopoiesis
#20
Antonio Pierini, Hidekazu Nishikii, Jeanette Baker, Takaharu Kimura, Hye-Sook Kwon, Yuqiong Pan, Yan Chen, Maite Alvarez, William Strober, Andrea Velardi, Judith A Shizuru, Joy Y Wu, Shigeru Chiba, Robert S Negrin
Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Treg cells) modulate the immune system and maintain self-tolerance, but whether they affect haematopoiesis or haematopoietic stem cell (HSC)-mediated reconstitution after transplantation is unclear. Here we show that B-cell lymphopoiesis is impaired in Treg-depleted mice, yet this reduced B-cell lymphopoiesis is rescued by adoptive transfer of affected HSCs or bone marrow cells into Treg-competent recipients. B-cell reconstitution is abrogated in both syngeneic and allogeneic transplantation using Treg-depleted mice as recipients...
May 9, 2017: Nature Communications
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