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Antenatal follow up

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222331/the-moro-reaction-more-than-a-reflex-a-ritualized-behavior-of-nonverbal-communication
#1
Pierre V Rousseau, Florence Matton, Renaud Lecuyer, Willy Lahaye
OBJECTIVE: To propose a phylogenetic significance to the Moro reflex which remains unexplained since its publication in 1918 because both hands are free at the end of the gesture. METHOD: Among the 75 videos of healthy term newborns we have filmed in a research project on antenatal education to parenthood, we describe a sequence that clearly showed the successive movements of the Moro reflex and we report the occurrence of this reflex in the videos that were recorded from Time 0 of birth defined as the moment that lies between the birth of the thorax and the pelvis of the infant...
February 18, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217666/clinical-outcomes-and-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-prenatally-diagnosed-agenesis-of-corpus-callosum-in-single-center-of-korea
#2
Sung Eun Kim, Hye-In Jang, Kylie Hae-Jin Chang, Ji-Hee Sung, Jiwon Lee, Jeehun Lee, Suk-Joo Choi, Soo-Young Oh, Cheong-Rae Roh, Jong-Hwa Kim
OBJECTIVE: With recent advances and frequent use of prenatal ultrasound, the antenatal diagnosis of agenesis of the corpus callosum (ACC) is not rare in obstetrics practices. However, information regarding the long-term neurological outcome remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate clinical outcomes of prenatally diagnosed ACC and to analyze postnatal neurodevelopmental outcomes of ACC neonates born in our single center. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 56 cases of prenatally suspected ACC referred to our center...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216926/urological-disorders-and-pregnancy-an-overall-experience
#3
Debasmita Mandal, Mriganka Mouli Saha, Dillip Kumar Pal
AIM: Pregnancy is an anatomical and physiological altered state and the presence of various urological problems not only aggravates the disease itself, but also results in unfavourable pregnancy outcome. Aim is to highlight obstetric outcome in pregnant women with urological problems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Longitudinal prospective cohort study conducted in tertiary care hospital, IPGME and R, Kolkata from Jan 2011 to Dec 2012. All pregnant women with urological problems were included as subjects...
January 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216644/infant-adiposity-following-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-behavioural-intervention-in-obese-pregnancy
#4
N Patel, K M Godfrey, D Pasupathy, J Levin, A C Flynn, L Hayes, A L Briley, R Bell, D A Lawlor, E Oteng-Ntim, S M Nelson, S C Robson, N Sattar, C Singh, J Wardle, S White, P T Seed, L Poston
OBJECTIVE: Randomised controlled trials are required to address causality in the reported associations between maternal influences and offspring adiposity. The aim of this study was to determine whether an antenatal lifestyle intervention in obese pregnant women associated with improved maternal diet and reduced gestational weight gain leads to a reduction in infant adiposity and sustained improvements in maternal lifestyle behaviours at 6 months postpartum. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a planned postnatal follow up of a randomised controlled trial (UPBEAT) of a complex behavioural intervention targeting maternal diet (glycemic load and saturated fat intake) and physical activity in 1555 obese pregnant women...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214157/causes-and-temporal-changes-in-nationally-collected-stillbirth-audit-data-in-high-resource-settings
#5
REVIEW
Tom Norris, Bradley N Manktelow, Lucy K Smith, Elizabeth S Draper
Few high-income countries have an active national programme of stillbirth audit. From the three national programmes identified (UK, New Zealand, and the Netherlands) steady declines in annual stillbirth rates have been observed over the audit period between 1993 and 2014. Unexplained stillbirth remains the largest group in the classification of stillbirths, with a decline in intrapartum-related stillbirths, which could represent improvements in intrapartum care. All three national audits of stillbirths suggest that up to half of all reviewed stillbirths have elements of care that failed to follow standards and guidance...
February 14, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210714/fetal-cholelithiasis-antenatal-diagnosis-and-neonatal-follow-up-in-a-case-of-twin-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Yannick Hurni, Francesco Vigo, Begoña Lipp von Wattenwyl, Nicole Ochsenbein, Claudia Canonica
Fetal cholelithiasis is a rare finding during a third-trimester ultrasound with an average incidence rate of 0.07-1.15%. We report a case of fetal cholelithiasis in twins, observed in a patient with monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy hospitalized at our unit for signs of premature labor. We present the outcome of the 2 neonates with a clinical and sonographic follow-up. In addition, we offer a comprehensive review of the literature available to date.
February 2017: Ultrasound International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207948/right-sided-aortic-arch-in-the-age-of-microarray
#7
Edward F O'Mahony, Darren P Hutchinson, George McGillivray, Debbie L Nisbet, Ricardo Palma-Dias
OBJECTIVE: For fetuses with a diagnosis of right aortic arch and normal cardiac anatomy we aimed to establish the frequency of chromosomal anomaly diagnosed with SNP microarray analysis, particularly focusing on microduplications or microdeletions which would have gone undetected by conventional karyotyping and 6 probe fish (13,18,21, X,Y, TUPLE). METHOD: Retrospective study of fetal ultrasounds between 2011 and 2016 in an Australian tertiary referral centre. Outcomes of interest were survival and postnatal surgery for vascular ring...
February 16, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193744/impact-of-the-integration-of-water-treatment-hygiene-nutrition-and-clean-delivery-interventions-on-maternal-health-service-use
#8
Kirsten Fagerli, Katherine O'Connor, Sunkyung Kim, Maureen Kelley, Aloyce Odhiambo, Sitnah Faith, Ronald Otieno, Benjamin Nygren, Mary Kamb, Robert Quick
Reducing barriers associated with maternal health service use, household water treatment, and improved hygiene is important for maternal and neonatal health outcomes. We surveyed a sample of 201 pregnant women who participated in a clinic-based intervention in Kenya to increase maternal health service use and improve household hygiene and nutrition through the distribution of water treatment products, soap, protein-fortified flour, and clean delivery kits. From multivariable logistic regression analyses, the adjusted odds of ≥ 4 antenatal care (ANC4+) visits (odds ratio [OR] = 3...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188612/hepatitis-b-immunoglobulin-during-pregnancy-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-hepatitis-b-virus
#9
REVIEW
Ahizechukwu C Eke, George U Eleje, Uzoamaka A Eke, Yun Xia, Jiao Liu
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver. It is mainly transmitted between people through contact with infected blood, frequently from mother to baby in-utero. Hepatitis B poses significant risk to the fetus and up to 85% of infants infected by their mothers at birth develop chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is a purified solution of human immunoglobulin that could be administered to the mother, newborn, or both. HBIG offers protection against HBV infection when administered to pregnant women who test positive for hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg) or hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), or both...
February 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178026/pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-the-prevention-of-urinary-incontinence-in-antenatal-and-postnatal-women-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#10
Weijie Xing, Yu Zhang, Chunyi Gu, Lucylynn Lizarondo
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy and vaginal delivery may cause urinary incontinence (UI) in some women, which can impact on their quality of life. Pelvic floor muscles training (PFMT) is a safe and effective intervention for preventing UI associated with pregnancy. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this evidence-implementation project was to promote PFMT to prevent UI among antenatal and postnatal women in an obstetric and gynecological hospital in China. METHODS: A clinical audit was undertaken using the Joanna Briggs Institute Practical Application of Clinical Evidence System tool...
February 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169158/maternal-singing-of-lullabies-during-pregnancy-and-after-birth-effects-on-mother-infant-bonding-and-on-newborns-behaviour-concurrent-cohort-study
#11
Giuseppina Persico, Laura Antolini, Patrizia Vergani, Walter Costantini, Maria Teresa Nardi, Lidia Bellotti
BACKGROUND: Mother-infant bonding is of great importance for the development and the well-being of the baby. The aim of this Concurrent Cohort Study was to investigate the effects of mothers singing lullabies on bonding, newborns' behaviour and maternal stress. METHODS: Eighty-three (singing cohort) and 85 (concurrent cohort) women were recruited at antenatal classes at 24 weeks g.a. and followed up to 3 months after birth. The Prenatal Attachment Inventory (PAI) and the Mother-to-Infant Bonding Scale (MIBS) were used to assess maternal-foetal attachment and postnatal bonding...
February 3, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169124/-therapeutic-mega-ureter-primitive-before-one-year-of-life-retrospective-study-of-20years
#12
B Picart, M Pons, A Line, C François, M-L Poli Merol
INTRODUCTION: What is the proper way to manage complicated primary mega-ureter in infants under the age of one. This has already been discussed in the literature but the controversy remains. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the long-term results of the management of mega-ureter based support under the age of one. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Single-center retrospective study from 1990 to 2010. All children under one year found were evaluated including clinical examination, ultrasound, scintigraphy and cystography...
February 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166698/partner-notification-and-treatment-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-pregnant-women-in-gaborone-botswana
#13
Ogechukwu A Offorjebe, Adriane Wynn, Neo Moshashane, Dvora Joseph Davey, Kaitlin Arena, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Ponatshego Gaolebale, Chelsea Morroni, Jeffrey D Klausner
Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), and Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) are sexually transmitted infections (STIs) associated with adverse birth outcomes. Untreated partners contribute to high rates of STI reinfection; thus, partner notification and treatment remain important components of STI care and control. A prospective cohort study was conducted among 300 pregnant women presenting to the antenatal clinic at Princess Marina Hospital in Gaborone, Botswana who enrolled in an STI screening study...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146586/making-the-continuum-of-care-work-for-mothers-and-infants-does-gender-equity-matter-findings-from-a-quasi-experimental-study-in-bihar-india
#14
Lotus McDougal, Yamini Atmavilas, Katherine Hay, Jay G Silverman, Usha K Tarigopula, Anita Raj
BACKGROUND: Improvements in continuum of care (CoC) utilization are needed to address inadequate reductions in neonatal and infant mortality in India and elsewhere. This study examines the effect of Ananya, a health system training and community outreach intervention, on reproductive, maternal and newborn health continuum of care (RMNH CoC) utilization in Bihar, India, and explores whether that effect is moderated by gender equity factors (child marriage, restricted mobility and low decision-making control)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143513/utilization-of-institutional-delivery-service-and-associated-factors-in-bench-maji-zone-southwest-ethiopia-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#15
Niguse Tadele, Tafesse Lamaro
BACKGROUND: At the end of Millennium development goals, Ethiopia was included among 10 countries which constitutes about 59% of maternal deaths due to complications of pregnancy and/or childbirth every year globally. Institutional delivery, which is believed to contribute in reduction of maternal mortality is still low. Hence this study was conducted in order to assess utilization of institutional delivery and related factors in Bench Maji zone, Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: Cross sectional study was employed from September 1st - 30th, 2015 in Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia where 765 mothers who deliver 2 years preceding the study provided data for this research...
February 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143507/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-herbal-medicine-use-among-pregnant-women-on-antenatal-care-follow-up-at-university-of-gondar-referral-and-teaching-hospital-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Eshetie Melese Birru, Balem Tizazu, Alima Ahmedin
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal and child health is one of the public health priorities in several African countries including Ethiopia. However, research on herbal medicine use during pregnancy is scarce in Ethiopia. The present study aimed at assessing the prevalence and correlates of herbal medicine use among pregnant women on antenatal care (ANC) follow-up at Gondar university referral hospital, Ethiopia METHODS: An institutional-based cross sectional study was conducted on 364 pregnant women attending ANC clinic from March to May 2016 at University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital, northwest Ethiopia...
February 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134669/prenatal-imaging-findings-in-fetal-zika-virus-infection
#17
Edward Araujo Júnior, Francisco H C Carvalho, Gabriele Tonni, Heron Werner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to report the most recent observations concerning intrauterine Zika virus (ZIKV) infection and associated neuroimaging. RECENT FINDINGS: ZIKV outbreak in Brazil in 2015 was associated with an impressive registration of cases of congenital microcephaly in women with symptoms suggestive of ZIKV infection. Clinical and laboratory testing for ZIKV and hypothetic etiopathogenetic mechanisms are described. Diagnostic tests on blood, urine and amniotic fluid should be performed in all mothers with symptoms suggestive of intrauterine ZIKV infection...
January 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133847/fetal-megacystis-prediction-of-spontaneous-resolution-and-outcome
#18
F Fontanella, L Duin, P N Adama van Scheltema, T E Cohen-Overbeek, E Pajkrt, M Bekker, C Willekes, C J Bax, C M Bilardo
OBJECTIVES: To predict likelihood of spontaneous resolution during fetal life and postnatal outcome of fetal megacystis, diagnosed in all trimesters in pregnancy. METHODS: This was a national retrospective cohort study. Fetal megacystis was defined in the first trimester as a longitudinal bladder diameter (LBD) ≥ 7 mm, and in the 2(nd) and 3(rd) trimester as an enlarged bladder failing to empty during the entire extended ultrasound (US) examination. LBD and GA at resolution were investigated as of likelihood of resolution and of postnatal outcome, respectively...
January 30, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130929/use-of-antenatal-corticosteroids-in-special-circumstances-a-comprehensive-review
#19
Everett F Magann, Kjell Haram, Songthip Ounpraseuth, Jan Helge Mortensen, Horace J Spencer, John C Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To determine in pregnancies complicated by preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), hypertension, intrauterine growth restriction, multi-fetal gestations and pregnancies 23- 26 weeks≥ 34 weeks gestation whether antenatal corticosteroids benefit the fetus. DATA SOURCES: Literature review using PubMed, Web of Science, Clinical trials. gov, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (1990 - 2015). METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Search terms linked special circumstances with corticosteroids...
January 28, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129372/costing-of-national-sti-program-implementation-for-the-global-sti-control-strategy-for-the-health-sector-2016-2021
#20
Eline L Korenromp, Teodora Wi, Stephen Resch, John Stover, Nathalie Broutet
INTRODUCTION: In 2016 the World Health Assembly adopted the global strategy on Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) 2016-2021 aiming to reduce curable STIs by 90% by 2030. We costed scaling-up priority interventions to coverage targets. METHODS: Strategy-targeted declines in Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum and Trichomonas vaginalis were applied to WHO-estimated regional burdens at 2012. Syndromic case management was costed for these curable STIs, symptomatic Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2), and non-STI vaginal syndromes, with incrementally expanding etiologic diagnosis...
2017: PloS One
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