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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544724/the-tale-of-dr-steppenwolf-and-his-great-statistical-machine-a-modern-parable
#1
EDITORIAL
Michael Marsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544509/association-of-arhgap22-gene-polymorphisms-with-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetic-retinopathy
#2
Rong Li, Peng Chen, Jing Li, Mengdan Yan, Jingjie Li, Shanqu Li, Hongli Zhu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the contribution of ARHGAP22 polymorphism to diabetic retinopathy (DR) risk. We performed a case-control study to investigate the associations between ARHGAP22 and the risk of DR in a Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 341 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were selected. All patients underwent a complete eye examination. Based on this, the patients with T2DM were divided into two subgroups: 188 patients with DR and 153 patients without DR...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544369/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-2017
#3
EDITORIAL
Abigail E Dove, Payal H Marathe, Helen X Gao, Kelly L Close
The 26th annual scientific and clinical sessions of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) gathered in Austin, TX, USA from May 3-7, 2017. The meeting included little in the way of new data, but was rich in commentary from leaders in the diabetes field, particularly with regard to sodium/glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agonists. In a deep-dive session on the renal effects of SGLT-2 inhibitors, both Dr Ralph DeFronzo and DrMatthew Weir were extremely positive about the renal benefit of these agents and expressed strong confidence that the benefits extend to all members of the class...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544008/editorial-comment-from-dr-hongo-to-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-on-postoperative-day-1-is-associated-with-renal-functional-outcome-after-percutaneous-renal-cryoablation-for-renal-tumors
#4
Fumiya Hongo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542885/final-interview-with-dr-judith-shamian-as-the-27th-president-of-icn
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: International Nursing Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541892/automatic-detection-of-retinal-lesions-for-screening-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#6
Sudeshna Sil Kar, Santi Maity
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is characterized by the progressive deterioration of retina with the appearance of different types of lesions that include microaneurysms, hemorrhages, exudates etc. Detection of these lesions plays significant role for early diagnosis of DR. METHODS: To this aim, this paper proposes a novel and automated lesion detection scheme which consists of the four main steps: vessel extraction and optic disc removal, pre-processing, candidate lesion detection and post-processing...
May 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541736/obituary-dr-husaini-hafiz
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541208/image-based-models-for-specularity-propagation-in-diminished-reality
#8
Souheil Hadj Said, Mohamed Tamaazousti, Adrien Bartoli
The aim of Diminished Reality (DR) is to remove a target object in a live video stream seamlessly. In our approach, the area of the target object is replaced with new texture that blends with the rest of the image. The result is then propagated to the next frames of the video. One of the important stages of this technique is to update the target region with respect to the illumination change. This is a complex and recurrent problem when the viewpoint changes. We show that the state-of-the-art in DR fails in solving this problem, even under simple scenarios...
May 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541201/palmprint-recognition-based-on-complete-direction-representation
#9
Wei Jia, Bob Zhang, Jingting Lu, Yihai Zhu, Yang Zhao, Wangmeng Zuo, Haibin Ling
Direction information serves as one of the most important features for palmprint recognition. In the past decade, many effective direction representation (DR)-based methods have been proposed and achieved promising recognition performance. However, due to an incomplete understanding for DR, these methods only extract DR in one direction level and one scale. Hence, they did not fully utilized all potentials of DR. In addition, most researchers only focused on the DR extraction in spatial coding domain, and rarely considered the methods in frequency domain...
May 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541189/deep-reaching-hydrodynamic-flow-confinement-micrometer-scale-liquid-localization-for-open-substrates-with-topographical-variations
#10
Ali Oskooei, Govind V Kaigala
We present a method for nonintrusive localization and reagent delivery on immersed biological samples with topographical variation on the order of hundreds of micrometers. Our technique, which we refer to as the deep-reaching hydrodynamic flow confinement (DR-HFC), is simple and passive: it relies on a deep-reaching hydrodynamic confinement delivered through a simple microfluidic probe design to perform localized microscale alterations on substrates as deep as 600 μm. Designed to scan centimeter-scale areas of biological substrates, our method passively prevents sample intrusion by maintaining a large gap between the probe and the substrate...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539261/g-protein-coupled-receptor-91-signaling-in-diabetic-retinopathy-and-hypoxic-retinal-diseases
#11
Jianyan Hu, Tingting Li, Xinhua Du, Qiang Wu, Yun-Zheng Le
G protein-coupled receptor 91 (GPR91) is a succinate-specific receptor and activation of GPR91 could initiate a complex signal transduction cascade and upregulate inflammatory and pro-angiogenic cytokines. In the retina, GPR91 is predominately expressed in ganglion cells, a major cellular entity involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and other hypoxic retinal diseases. During the development of DR and retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), chronic hypoxia causes an increase in the levels of local succinate...
May 21, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539139/relaxation-with-immersive-natural-scenes-presented-using-virtual-reality
#12
Allison P Anderson, Michael D Mayer, Abigail M Fellows, Devin R Cowan, Mark T Hegel, Jay C Buckey
INTRODUCTION: Virtual reality (VR) can provide exposure to nature for those living in isolated confined environments. We evaluated VR-presented natural settings for reducing stress and improving mood. METHODS: There were 18 participants (9 men, 9 women), ages 32 ± 12 yr, who viewed three 15-min 360° scenes (an indoor control, rural Ireland, and remote beaches). Subjects were mentally stressed with arithmetic before scenes. Electrodermal activity (EDA) and heart rate variability measured psycho-physiological arousal...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538462/influencing-scope-of-practice-policy-and-health-literacy-an-interview-with-dr-joy-deupree
#13
Jeffrey M Adams
This department highlights emerging nursing leaders who have demonstrated leadership in advancing innovation and patient care in practice policy, research, education, and theory. This interview profiles Joy Deupree, assistant professor, School of Nursing, The University of Alabama at Birmingham.
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538277/in-honor-of-dr-h-ralph-schumacher-emeritus-editor
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538273/tribute-to-dr-h-ralph-schumacher-as-he-becomes-emeritus-editor-journal-of-clinical-rheumatology
#15
Joan M Von Feldt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537296/diastereo-and-enantioselective-construction-of-spirooxindole-scaffolds-through-a-catalytic-asymmetric-3-3-cycloaddition
#16
Can Li, Han Lu, Xiao-Xue Sun, Guang-Jian Mei, Feng Shi
A chiral phosphoric acid-catalyzed asymmetric [3 + 3] cycloaddition of C3-substituted 2-indolylmethanols with isatin-derived azomethine ylides has been established, which afforded chiral spirooxindoles in considerable yields, moderate to good enantioselectivities and excellent diastereoselectivities (up to 85% yield, 96 : 4 er, all >95 : 5 dr).
May 24, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535994/diabetic-choroidopathy
#17
Gerard A Lutty
Early histopathological studies of diabetic choroids demonstrated loss of choriocapillaris (CC), tortuous blood vessels, microaneurysms, drusenoid deposits on Bruchs membrane, and choroidal neovascularization. The preponderance of histopathological changes were at and beyond equator. Studies from my lab suggest that diabetic choroidopathy is an inflammatory disease in that leukocyte adhesion molecules are elevated in the choroidal vasculature and polymorphonuclear neutrophils are often associated with sites of vascular loss...
May 20, 2017: Vision Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534863/the-clinical-course-of-patients-with-preschool-manifestation-of-type-1-diabetes-is-independent-of-the-hla-dr-dq-genotype
#18
Christina Reinauer, Joachim Rosenbauer, Christina Bächle, Christian Herder, Michael Roden, Sian Ellard, Elisa De Franco, Beate Karges, Reinhard W Holl, Jürgen Enczmann, Thomas Meissner
INTRODUCTION: Major histocompatibility complex class II genes are considered major genetic risk factors for autoimmune diabetes. We analysed Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) DR and DQ haplotypes in a cohort with early-onset (age < 5 years), long term type 1 diabetes (T1D) and explored their influence on clinical and laboratory parameters. METHODS: Intermediate resolution HLA-DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 typing was performed in 233 samples from the German Paediatric Diabetes Biobank and compared with a local control cohort of 19,544 cases...
May 19, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534786/evolutionary-computing-enriched-computer-aided-diagnosis-system-for-diabetic-retinopathy-a-survey
#19
Romany Mansour
The alterations caused due to diabetes mellitus results into significant micro-vasculature that eventually causes diabetic retinopathy (DR) that keeps on increasing as per time and eventually causes complete vision loss. Identifying subtle variations in morphological changes in retinal blood vessels, optic disk, exudates, micro-aneurysms, hemorrhage etc is complicate and requires robust computer aided diagnosis (CAD) system so as to enable earlier and efficient DR diagnosis practices. In majority of the existing CAD systems, the need of functional enhancement has been realized time by time to ensure accurate and time efficient DR...
May 17, 2017: IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534764/traveling-to-angola-to-validate-a-paper-based-sickle-cell-disease-test
#20
Nathaniel Z Piety
When I started graduate school, I had no idea that it would take me halfway around the world to a small clinic in Cabinda, Angola, but I'm glad that it did. Since 2011, I have been a part of the team of engineers and clinicians, led by Dr. Sergey Shevkoplyas, working to develop a simple, low-cost, paper-based test for sickle cell disease-a common inherited blood disorder that is most prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa (Figure S1).
May 2017: IEEE Pulse
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