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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332000/how-good-are-doctors-at-introducing-themselves-hellomynameis
#1
Peter Gillen, Sue Faye Sharifuddin, Muireann O'Sullivan, Alison Gordon, Eva M Doherty
BACKGROUND: This explorative study was triggered by the '#hellomynameis' campaign initiated by Dr Kate Granger in the UK. Our objectives were twofold: first, to measure rates of introduction in an Irish hospital setting by both consultant and non-consultant hospital doctors. Second to establish whether such practices were associated with patient perceptions of the doctor/patient interaction. METHOD: A patient 'exit' survey was undertaken following doctor-patient consultations in both acute (surgical and medical assessment units) and elective settings (outpatient clinics)...
January 13, 2018: Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331509/selenolanthionine-is-the-major-water-soluble-selenium-compound-in-the-selenium-tolerant-plant-cardamine-violifolia
#2
Eszter Borbála Both, Shuxun Shao, Jiqian Xiang, Zsuzsa Jókai, Hongqing Yin, Yafeng Liu, Anna Magyar, Mihály Dernovics
BACKGROUND: Selenium hyperaccumulation in plants often involves the synthesis of non-proteinaceous methylated selenoamino acids serving for the elimination of excess selenium from plant metabolism to protect plant homeostasis. METHODS: Our study aimed at the identification of the main selenium species of the selenium hyperaccumulator plant Cardamine violifolia (Brassicaceae) that grows in the wild in the seleniferous region of Enshi, China. A sample of this plant (3...
January 10, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331333/influences-of-conformations-of-peptides-on-stereoinversions-and-or-isomerizations-of-aspartic-acid-residues
#3
Akifumi Oda, Tomoki Nakayoshi, Shuichi Fukuyoshi, Eiji Kurimoto, Ohgi Takahashi
Recently, non-enzymatic stereoinversions of aspartic acid (Asp) residues in proteins and peptides have been reported. Here, we performed replica exchange molecular dynamics (REMD) simulations of model peptides (exon 6, 26A-1, and 26A-2) extracted from elastin to investigate their structural features, thereby revealing the factor that influences stereoinversions. For REMD trajectories, we calculated distances between carboxyl carbon in Asp and amide nitrogen in the (n + 1) residue (C-N distances). Because bond formation between carbon and nitrogen is indispensable to the formation of a succinimide intermediate the distance between them seems to play an important role in stereoinversion...
January 10, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331308/a-tribute-in-life-to-the-world-icon-of-the-cardiology-of-heights-dr-dante-pe%C3%A3-aloza-from-peru
#4
REVIEW
Jorge Luis Sotomayor-Perales, Edgardo Schapachnik, Raimundo Barbosa-Barros, Andrés Ricardo Pérez-Riera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Electrocardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331181/play-it-again%C3%A2-dr-gibbon
#5
EDITORIAL
Frank A Baciewicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330914/stereodivergent-synthesis-of-tetrahydrofuroindoles-via-pd-catalyzed-asymmetric-dearomative-formal-3-2-cycloaddition-reactions
#6
Shuli You, Qiang Cheng, Fang Zhang, Yue Cai, Yin-Long Guo
Stereodivergent synthesis of tetrahydrofuroindoles via palladium-catalyzed asymmetric dearomative formal [3+2] cycloaddition of nitroindoles with epoxybutenes was developed. Polarity of solvent was found to play as the key role on the switch of diastereoselectivity. In toluene, good to excellent yields (70-99%), diastereo- (87/13->95/5 dr) and enantioselectivity (85/15-94/6 er) were obtained regardless of the properties of substituents on nitroindoles. In acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuroindoles of another diastereoisomer were produced with good to excellent yields (75-98%) and stereoselectivity (78/22-93/7 dr, 93/7-99/1 er)...
January 13, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330712/correction-to-pre-existing-small-vessel-disease-in-patients-with-acute-stroke-from-the-middle-east-southeast-asia-and-philippines
#7
Naveed Akhtar, Abdul Salam, Saadat Kamran, Atlantic D'Souza, Yahia Imam, Pablo Garcia Bermejo, Muhammad Faisal Wadiwala, Ahmed Own, Ahmed ElSotouhy, Surjith Vattoth, Paula Bourke, Zain Bhutta, Sujatha Joseph, Mark Santos, Rabia Ali Khan, Ashfaq Shuaib
The author names "Dr. Pablo Garcia Bermejo" and "Dr. Muhammad Faisal Wadiwala" needed to be added as the 6th and 7th authors, respectively. The authors regret this error.
January 13, 2018: Translational Stroke Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330672/-obituary-for-prof-dr-med-d-%C3%A2-sc-h-c-robert-f-%C3%A2-schmidt-ph-d
#8
H-G Schaible, L Radbruch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330019/parental-decisional-regret-and-views-about-optimal-timing-of-female-genital-restoration-surgery-in-congenital-adrenal-hyperplasia
#9
Konrad M Szymanski, Benjamin Whittam, Martin Kaefer, Heather Frady, Jessica T Casey, Vi T Tran, Mark P Cain, Richard C Rink
PURPOSE: The role of female genital restoration surgery (FGRS) in girls with congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is controversial, with no long-term parent-reported outcomes available. Decisional regret (DR) affects most parents after their children's treatment of pediatric conditions, including hypospadias. We aimed to assess parental DR after FGRS in infancy or toddlerhood and explore optimal timing for surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One-hundred and six parents of females with CAH undergoing FGRS before 3 years old and followed at our institution (1999-2017) were invited to enroll online...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329426/a-practical-guide-to-estimating-the-heritability-of-pathogen-traits
#10
Venelin Mitov, Tanja Stadler
Pathogen traits, such as the virulence of an infection, can vary significantly between patients. A major challenge is to measure the extent to which genetic differences between infecting strains explain the observed variation of the trait. This is quantified by the trait's broad-sense heritability, H2. A recent discrepancy between estimates of the heritability of HIV-virulence has opened a debate on the estimators' accuracy. Here, we show that the discrepancy originates from model limitations and important lifecycle differences between sexually reproducing organisms and transmittable pathogens...
January 9, 2018: Molecular Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328499/mait-cells-are-chronically-activated-in-patients-with-autoimmune-liver-disease-and-promote-pro-fibrogenic-hepatic-stellate-cell-activation
#11
Katrin Böttcher, Krista Rombouts, Francesca Saffioti, Davide Roccarina, Matteo Rosselli, Andrew Hall, TuVinh Luong, Emmanuel A Tsochatzis, Douglas Thorburn, Massimo Pinzani
Autoimmune liver diseases (AILD) are chronic liver pathologies characterised by fibrosis and cirrhosis due to immune-mediated liver damage. In this study, we addressed the question whether mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells, innate-like T cells, are functionally altered in patients with AILD and whether MAIT cells can promote liver fibrosis through activation of hepatic stellate cells. We analysed the phenotype and function of MAIT cells from AILD patients and healthy controls by multi-colour flow cytometry and investigated the interaction between human MAIT cells and primary human hepatic stellate cells (hHSCs)...
January 12, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327987/ostmed-dr%C3%A2-an-osteopathic-medicine-digital-library
#12
Lori Fitterling, Elaine Powers, Emily Vardell
The OSTMED.DR® database provides access to both citation and full-text osteopathic literature, including the Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. Currently, it is a free database searchable using basic and advanced search features.
January 2018: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327082/evaluation-of-committed-and-primitive-cord-blood-progenitors-after-expansion-on-adipose-stromal-cells
#13
E R Andreeva, I V Andrianova, A N Gornostaeva, B Sh Gogiya, L B Buravkova
Umbilical cord blood mononuclear fraction is a valuable source of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (CB HSPCs). The rarity of this population is a serious limitation of its application in cell therapy. Ex vivo expansion enables to significantly amplify the number of hematopoietic precursors of different commitment. Here, we expand CB MNCs in co-culture with human adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ASCs) to enrich HSPCs and describe phenotypic features of newly formed hematopoietic populations. The CD34+-HSPCs demonstrated 6-fold enrichment with 9000 CFUs per 50 × 103 HSPCs on average...
January 11, 2018: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327033/disorganization-of-inner-retina-and-outer-retinal-morphology-in-diabetic-macular-edema
#14
Radha Das, Gareth Spence, Ruth E Hogg, Michael Stevenson, Usha Chakravarthy
Importance: In diabetic macular edema (DME), identification of baseline markers on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and their association with severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) might aid in disease management and the design of future trials. Objective: To examine associations between DR severity, retinal morphology on SD-OCT, and visual acuity in participants with DME. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional observational case series was conducted at a single tertiary care referral center...
January 11, 2018: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326996/organocatalytic-3-2-cycloaddition-of-oxindole-based-azomethine-ylides-with-3-nitrochromenes-a-facile-approach-to-enantioenriched-polycyclic-spirooxindole-chromane-adducts
#15
Shiqi Wu, Guodong Zhu, Shiqiang Wei, Hongbo Chen, Jingping Qu, Baomin Wang
An organocatalytic asymmetric [3 + 2] cycloaddition of oxindole-based azomethine ylides with 3-nitro-2H-chromenes has been developed. This reaction provides a facile approach to densely functionalized polycyclic spirooxindole-chromane adducts featuring four contiguous stereogenic centers, including two tetrasubstituted carbon centers. The products were obtained in high yields with good to excellent stereoselectivities (up to 99% yields, 96% ee and >20 : 1 dr). In addition, the spiro[pyrrolidine-2,3'-oxindole]-chromane adducts could be readily derivatized via simple oxidation and reduction treatment...
January 12, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325051/dr-harrison-martland-and-the-history-of-punch-drunk-syndrome
#16
Abhinav R Changa, Robert A Vietrogoski, Peter W Carmel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324896/correlation-of-the-anterior-ocular-segment-biometry-with-hba1c-level-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#17
Abd-Rashid Suraida, Mohtar Ibrahim, Embong Zunaina
OBJECTIVES: To compare the anterior ocular segment biometry among Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) with no diabetic retinopathy (DR) and non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), and to evaluate the correlation of anterior ocular segment biometry with HbA1c level. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kelantan from November 2013 till May 2016 among Type 2 DM patients (DM with no DR and DM with NPDR). The patients were evaluated for anterior ocular segment biometry [central corneal thickness (CCT), anterior chamber width (ACW), angle opening distance (AOD) and anterior chamber angle (ACA)] by using Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (AS-OCT)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324740/dietary-intake-and-diabetic-retinopathy-a-systematic-review
#18
Mark Y Z Wong, Ryan E K Man, Eva K Fenwick, Preeti Gupta, Ling-Jun Li, Rob M van Dam, Mary F Chong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
INTRODUCTION: The evidence linking dietary intake with diabetic retinopathy (DR) is growing but unclear. We conducted a systematic review of the association between dietary intake and DR. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane Central register of controlled trials, for publications between January 1967 and January 2017 using standardized criteria for diet and DR. Interventional and observational studies investigating micro- and macro-nutrient intakes; food and beverage consumptions; and dietary patterns were included...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323606/response-to-dr-pedersen-s-article
#19
Alfred M Legendre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323191/abnormally-low-or-high-ankle-brachial-index-is-associated-with-the-development-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#20
Mei-Yueh Lee, Pi-Jung Hsiao, Jiun-Chi Huang, Wei-Hao Hsu, Szu-Chia Chen, Jer-Ming Chang, Shyi-Jang Shin
Although some studies have reported an association between peripheral artery disease (PAD) and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in patients with diabetes, whether or not a causal relationship exists is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate whether PAD, as indicated by an abnormally low or high ankle-brachial index (ABI), is associated with the development of DR in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) without DR. We enrolled 414 (221 men and 193 women) patients with type 2 DM who underwent ABI measurements at our outpatient clinic...
January 11, 2018: Scientific Reports
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