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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921306/applying-a-family-resilience-framework-in-training-practice-and-research-mastering-the-art-of-the-possible
#1
Froma Walsh
With growing interest in systemic views of human resilience, this article updates and clarifies our understanding of the concept of resilience as involving multilevel dynamic processes over time. Family resilience refers to the functioning of the family system in dealing with adversity: Assessment and intervention focus on the family impact of stressful life challenges and the family processes that foster positive adaptation for the family unit and all members. The application of a family resilience framework is discussed and illustrated in clinical and community-based training and practice...
December 2016: Family Process
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919398/what-is-needed-to-implement-a-web-based-audit-and-feedback-intervention-with-outreach-visits-to-improve-care-quality-a-concept-mapping-study-among-cardiac-rehabilitation-teams
#2
Mariëtte M van Engen-Verheul, Niels Peek, Joke A Haafkens, Erik Joukes, Tom Vromen, Monique W M Jaspers, Nicolette F de Keizer
INTRODUCTION: Evidence on successful quality improvement (QI) in health care requires quantitative information from randomized clinical trials (RCTs) on the effectiveness of QI interventions, but also qualitative information from professionals to understand factors influencing QI implementation. OBJECTIVE: Using a structured qualitative approach, concept mapping, this study determines factors identified by cardiac rehabilitation (CR) teams on what is needed to successfully implement a web-based audit and feedback (A&F) intervention with outreach visits to improve the quality of CR care...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918860/where-is-the-client-patient-voice-in-interprofessional-healthcare-team-assessments-findings-from-a-one-day-forum
#3
Sophie Soklaridis, Donna Romano, Alan Wai Lun Fung, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis, Joan Sargeant, Jennifer Chambers, David Wiljer, Ivan Silver
There is a growing interest in interprofessional care (IPC) as a way to provide better healthcare. However, it is difficult to evaluate this mode of healthcare delivery because identifying the appropriate measurement tool is a challenge, given the wide diversity in team composition and settings. Adding to this complexity is a key gap in the IPC evaluation research: the client/patient perspective. This perspective has generally not been included in the development of IPC healthcare team evaluations. The authors received a Canadian Institute for Health Research Planning Grant to host a one-day forum with 24 participants from across Canada representing health professions such as social work, medicine, occupational therapy, and physical therapy, in addition to researchers, client/patient advocates, and hospital administrators...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918836/evolvix-best-names-for-semantic-reproducibility-across-code2brain-interfaces
#4
Laurence Loewe, Katherine S Scheuer, Seth A Keel, Vaibhav Vyas, Ben Liblit, Bret Hanlon, Michael C Ferris, John Yin, Inês Dutra, Anthony Pietsch, Christine G Javid, Cecilia L Moog, Jocelyn Meyer, Jerdon Dresel, Brian McLoone, Sonya Loberger, Arezoo Movaghar, Morgaine Gilchrist-Scott, Yazeed Sabri, Dave Sescleifer, Ivan Pereda-Zorrilla, Andrew Zietlow, Rodrigo Smith, Samantha Pietenpol, Jacob Goldfinger, Sarah L Atzen, Erika Freiberg, Noah P Waters, Claire Nusbaum, Erik Nolan, Alyssa Hotz, Richard M Kliman, Ayalew Mentewab, Nathan Fregien, Martha Loewe
Names in programming are vital for understanding the meaning of code and big data. We define code2brain (C2B) interfaces as maps in compilers and brains between meaning and naming syntax, which help to understand executable code. While working toward an Evolvix syntax for general-purpose programming that makes accurate modeling easy for biologists, we observed how names affect C2B quality. To protect learning and coding investments, C2B interfaces require long-term backward compatibility and semantic reproducibility (accurate reproduction of computational meaning from coder-brains to reader-brains by code alone)...
December 5, 2016: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905909/development-of-a-measure-of-model-fidelity-for-mental-health-crisis-resolution-teams
#5
Brynmor Lloyd-Evans, Gary R Bond, Torleif Ruud, Ada Ivanecka, Richard Gray, David Osborn, Fiona Nolan, Claire Henderson, Oliver Mason, Nicky Goater, Kathleen Kelly, Gareth Ambler, Nicola Morant, Steve Onyett, Danielle Lamb, Sarah Fahmy, Ellie Brown, Beth Paterson, Angela Sweeney, David Hindle, Kate Fullarton, Johanna Frerichs, Sonia Johnson
BACKGROUND: Crisis Resolution Teams (CRTs) provide short-term intensive home treatment to people experiencing mental health crisis. Trial evidence suggests CRTs can be effective at reducing hospital admissions and increasing satisfaction with acute care. When scaled up to national level however, CRT implementation and outcomes have been variable. We aimed to develop and test a fidelity scale to assess adherence to a model of best practice for CRTs, based on best available evidence. METHODS: A concept mapping process was used to develop a CRT fidelity scale...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905542/defining-an-olfactory-receptor-function-in-airway-smooth-muscle-cells
#6
William H Aisenberg, Jessie Huang, Wanqu Zhu, Premraj Rajkumar, Randy Cruz, Lakshmi Santhanam, Niranjana Natarajan, Hwan Mee Yong, Breann De Santiago, Jung Jin Oh, A-Rum Yoon, Reynold A Panettieri, Oliver Homann, John K Sullivan, Stephen B Liggett, Jennifer L Pluznick, Steven S An
Pathways that control, or can be exploited to alter, the increase in airway smooth muscle (ASM) mass and cellular remodeling that occur in asthma are not well defined. Here we report the expression of odorant receptors (ORs) belonging to the superfamily of G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs), as well as the canonical olfaction machinery (Golf and AC3) in the smooth muscle of human bronchi. In primary cultures of isolated human ASM, we identified mRNA expression for multiple ORs. Strikingly, OR51E2 was the most highly enriched OR transcript mapped to the human olfactome in lung-resident cells...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905155/optimising-qualitative-longitudinal-analysis-insights-from-a-study-of-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-adaptation
#7
Joanna K Fadyl, Alexis Channon, Alice Theadom, Kathryn M McPherson
Knowledge about aspects that influence recovery and adaptation in the postacute phase of disabling health events is key to understanding how best to provide appropriate rehabilitation and health services. Qualitative longitudinal research makes it possible to look for patterns, key time points and critical moments that could be vital for interventions and supports. However, strategies that support robust data management and analysis for longitudinal qualitative research in health-care are not well documented in the literature...
November 30, 2016: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904452/virtual-modelling-of-novel-applicator-prototypes-for-cervical-cancer-brachytherapy
#8
Primoz Petric, Robert Hudej, Noora Al-Hammadi, Barbara Segedin
BACKGROUND: Standard applicators for cervical cancer Brachytherapy (BT) do not always achieve acceptable balance between target volume and normal tissue irradiation. We aimed to develop an innovative method of Target-volume Density Mapping (TDM) for modelling of novel applicator prototypes with optimal coverage characteristics. Patients and methods. Development of Contour-Analysis Tool 2 (CAT-2) software for TDM generation was the core priority of our task group. Main requests regarding software functionalities were formulated and guided the coding process...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898029/data-driven-multiresolution-camera-using-the-foveal-adaptive-pyramid
#9
Martin González, Antonio Sánchez-Pedraza, Rebeca Marfil, Juan A Rodríguez, Antonio Bandera
There exist image processing applications, such as tracking or pattern recognition, that are not necessarily precise enough to maintain the same resolution across the whole image sensor. In fact, they must only keep it as high as possible in a relatively small region, but covering a wide field of view. This is the aim of foveal vision systems. Briefly, they propose to sense a large field of view at a spatially-variant resolution: one relatively small region, the fovea, is mapped at a high resolution, while the rest of the image is captured at a lower resolution...
November 26, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888291/whole-genome-enrichment-provides-deep-insights-into-vibrio-cholerae-metagenome-from-an-african-river
#10
L Vezzulli, C Grande, G Tassistro, I Brettar, M G Höfle, R P A Pereira, D Mushi, A Pallavicini, P Vassallo, C Pruzzo
The detection and typing of Vibrio cholerae in natural aquatic environments encounter major methodological challenges related to the fact that the bacterium is often present in environmental matrices at very low abundance in nonculturable state. This study applied, for the first time to our knowledge, a whole-genome enrichment (WGE) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) approach for direct genotyping and metagenomic analysis of low abundant V. cholerae DNA (<50 genome unit/L) from natural water collected in the Morogoro river (Tanzania)...
November 25, 2016: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875196/decal-maps-real-time-layering-of-decals-on-surfaces-for-multivariate-visualization
#11
Allan Rocha, Usman Alim, Julio Daniel Silva, Mario Costa Sousa
We introduce the use of decals for multivariate visualization design. Decals are visual representations that are used for communication; for example, a pattern, a text, a glyph, or a symbol, transferred from a 2D-image to a surface upon contact. By creating what we define as decal-maps, we can design a set of images or patterns that represent one or more data attributes. We place decals on the surface considering the data pertaining to the locations we choose. We propose a (texture mapping) local parametrization that allows placing decals on arbitrary surfaces interactively, even when dealing with a high number of decals...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875172/booc-io-an-education-system-with-hierarchical-concept-maps-and-dynamic-non-linear-learning-plans
#12
Michail Schwab, Hendrik Strobelt, James Tompkin, Colin Fredericks, Connor Huff, Dana Higgins, Anton Strezhnev, Mayya Komisarchik, Gary King, Hanspeter Pfister
Information hierarchies are difficult to express when real-world space or time constraints force traversing the hierarchy in linear presentations, such as in educational books and classroom courses. We present booc.io, which allows linear and non-linear presentation and navigation of educational concepts and material. To support a breadth of material for each concept, booc.io is Web based, which allows adding material such as lecture slides, book chapters, videos, and LTIs. A visual interface assists the creation of the needed hierarchical structures...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875149/visualization-by-demonstration-an-interaction-paradigm-for-visual-data-exploration
#13
Bahador Saket, Hannah Kim, Eli T Brown, Alex Endert
Although data visualization tools continue to improve, during the data exploration process many of them require users to manually specify visualization techniques, mappings, and parameters. In response, we present the Visualization by Demonstration paradigm, a novel interaction method for visual data exploration. A system which adopts this paradigm allows users to provide visual demonstrations of incremental changes to the visual representation. The system then recommends potential transformations (Visual Representation, Data Mapping, Axes, and View Specification transformations) from the given demonstrations...
January 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873473/explanation-and-elaboration-document-for-the-strobe-vet-statement-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-extension
#14
A M O'Connor, J M Sargeant, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
The STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement was first published in 2007 and again in 2014. The purpose of the original STROBE was to provide guidance for authors, reviewers and editors to improve the comprehensiveness of reporting; however, STROBE has a unique focus on observational studies. Although much of the guidance provided by the original STROBE document is directly applicable, it was deemed useful to map those statements to veterinary concepts, provide veterinary examples and highlight unique aspects of reporting in veterinary observational studies...
November 22, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865817/development-and-piloting-the-woman-centred-care-scale-wccs
#15
Susannah Brady, Fiona Bogossian, Kristen Gibbons
PROBLEM/BACKGROUND: In midwifery we espouse a woman centred care approach to practice, yet in midwifery education no valid instrument exists with which to measure the performance of these behaviours in midwifery students. AIM: To develop and validate an instrument to measure woman centred care behaviours in midwifery students. METHOD: We identified four core concepts; woman's sphere, holism, self-determination and the shared power relationship...
November 16, 2016: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865768/regulation-of-extrasynaptic-signaling-by-polysialylated-ncam-impact-for-synaptic-plasticity-and-cognitive-functions
#16
REVIEW
Hristo Varbanov, Alexander Dityatev
The activation of synaptic N-methyl-d-aspartate-receptors (NMDARs) is crucial for induction of synaptic plasticity and supports cell survival, whereas activation of extrasynaptic NMDARs inhibits long-term potentiation and triggers neurodegeneration. A soluble polysialylated form of the neural cell adhesion molecule (polySia-NCAM) suppresses signaling through peri-/extrasynaptic GluN2B-containing NMDARs. Genetic or enzymatic manipulations blocking this mechanism result in impaired synaptic plasticity and learning, which could be repaired by reintroduction of polySia, or inhibition of either GluN1/GluN2B receptors or downstream signaling through RasGRF1 and p38 MAP kinase...
November 16, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864564/hierarchical-structure-and-importance-of-patients-reasons-for-treatment-choices-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis-a-concept-mapping-study
#17
Ellen M H Selten, Rinie Geenen, Willemijn H van der Laan, Roelien G van der Meulen-Dilling, Henk J Schers, Marc W Nijhof, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Johanna E Vriezekolk
OBJECTIVES: To improve patients' use of conservative treatment options of hip and knee OA, in-depth understanding of reasons underlying patients' treatment choices is required. The current study adopted a concept mapping method to thematically structure and prioritize reasons for treatment choice in knee and hip OA from a patients' perspective. METHODS: Multiple reasons for treatment choices were previously identified using in-depth interviews. In consensus meetings, experts derived 51 representative reasons from the interviews...
November 17, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859752/explanation-and-elaboration-document-for-the-strobe-vet-statement-strengthening-the-reporting-of-observational-studies-in-epidemiology-veterinary-extension
#18
A M O'Connor, J M Sargeant, I R Dohoo, H N Erb, M Cevallos, M Egger, A K Ersbøll, S W Martin, L R Nielsen, D L Pearl, D U Pfeiffer, J Sanchez, M E Torrence, H Vigre, C Waldner, M P Ward
The STROBE (Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology) statement was first published in 2007 and again in 2014. The purpose of the original STROBE was to provide guidance for authors, reviewers, and editors to improve the comprehensiveness of reporting; however, STROBE has a unique focus on observational studies. Although much of the guidance provided by the original STROBE document is directly applicable, it was deemed useful to map those statements to veterinary concepts, provide veterinary examples, and highlight unique aspects of reporting in veterinary observational studies...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858405/advances-in-molecular-preclinical-therapy-mediated-by-imaging
#19
Adelaide Greco, Sandra Albanese, Luigi Auletta, Flavia De Carlo, Marco Salvatore, Candace M Howard, Pier P Claudio
Several advances have been made toward understanding the biology of cancer and most of them are due to robust genetic studies that led to the scientific recognition that although many patients have the same type of cancer their tumors may have harbored different molecular alterations. Personalized therapy and the development of advanced techniques of preclinical imaging and new murine models of disease are emerging concepts that are allowing mapping of disease markers in vivo and in some cases also receptor targeted therapy...
November 18, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857392/temperature-mapping-using-molecular-diffusion-based-fluorescence-thermometry-via-simultaneous-imaging-of-two-numerical-apertures
#20
Chen Chen, Zhidong Du, Jicheng Wang, Liang Pan
We report a new optical technique to map two-dimensional temperature distributions in liquid solutions based on the thermal motion of fluorescent molecules. We simultaneously capture the fluorescence images of different numerical apertures (NAs) to resolve the temperature-dependent orientations of emission dipoles. In this work, we use two numerical apertures (2NA) prove the concept. This 2NA technique is robust against the intensity variations caused by photobleaching, unsteady illumination and nonuniform molecule distribution...
November 14, 2016: Optics Express
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