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seborrheic dermatitis HIV

Amy K Forrestel, Carrie L Kovarik, Anisa Mosam, Deepti Gupta, Toby A Maurer, Robert G Micheletti
Seborrheic dermatitis is reported to have distinct clinical and histologic presentations in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. Here we present 20 cases to further define some of these unique characteristics. Common features include erythematous, scaly papules, and plaques involving areas beyond the typical seborrheic distribution; thick, greasy scale on the scalp; and an increased frequency of erythroderma. Histologically, there is widespread parakeratosis, spongiosis, and necrotic keratinocytes...
March 24, 2016: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Enembe O Okokon, Jos H Verbeek, Jani H Ruotsalainen, Olumuyiwa A Ojo, Victor Nyange Bakhoya
BACKGROUND: Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that is distributed worldwide. It commonly affects the scalp, face and flexures of the body. Treatment options include antifungal drugs, steroids, calcineurin inhibitors, keratolytic agents and phototherapy. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of antifungal agents for seborrhoeic dermatitis of the face and scalp in adolescents and adults.A secondary objective is to assess whether the same interventions are effective in the management of seborrhoeic dermatitis in patients with HIV/AIDS...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Cristián Navarrete-Dechent, Rinna Ortega, Félix Fich, Marcela Concha
The ongoing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection epidemic coupled with more efficacious and available treatments has led to a larger number of patients living with HIV or AIDS. As a result, skin manifestations related to HIV/AIDS or its therapy have become increasingly more common and are reported to occur in as many as 95% of patients. Herein, we review the most common HIV/AIDS related cutaneous pathologies and classify them into inflammatory, HAART-associated, neoplastic, and infectious manifestations...
February 2015: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
Béla Tamási, Márta Marschalkó, Sarolta Kárpáti
The recently observed accelerated increase of human immunodeficiency virus infection in Hungary poses a major public concern for the healthcare system. Given the effective only but not the curative therapy, prevention should be emphasized. Current statistics estimate that about 50% of the infected persons are not aware of their human immunodeficiency virus-positivity. Thus, early diagnosis of the infection by serological screening and timely recognition of the disease-associated symptoms are crucial. The authors' intention is to facilitate early infection detection with this review on human immunodeficiency virus-associated skin symptoms, and highlight the significance of human immunodeficiency virus care in the everyday medical practice...
January 4, 2015: Orvosi Hetilap
Michelle S Fernandes, Ramesh M Bhat
In this study, 100 HIV-positive cases (63 men, 37 women) with skin findings were included. The mean CD4 T cell count was 253 cells/mm(3). A total of 235 dermatological manifestations were seen. The common infectious dermatoses were candidiasis (21%), Staphylococcal skin infections (20%), dermatophytoses (14%) and herpes zoster (6%). Among the non-infectious dermatoses were papular pruritic eruptions (20%), xerosis/ichthyosis (20%) and seborrhoeic dermatitis (16%). Statistically significant association (p < 0...
May 2015: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Mojakgomo Hendrick Motswaledi, Willie Visser
HIV and AIDS patients often suffer from various skin infections of viral, bacterial, and fungal origin. In addition, parasitic infestations are prevalent. Common inflammatory dermatoses include seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, photodermatitis, and pruritic papular eruptions. This article discusses some of these conditions with an emphasis on clinical presentation. In patients with pigmented skin, diagnosis maybe challenging and complicated by dyspigmentation.
April 2014: Dermatologic Clinics
Renju Jose, Sharath Chandra, Jaishankar H Puttabuddi, Sajith Vellappally, Abul-Aziz A Al Khuraif, Hassan S Halawany, Nimmi B Abraham, Vimal Jacob, Mohamed Hashim
The prevalence of orofacial and systemic manifestations and their association with drug therapy in pediatric HIV patients is scarce in the literature. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of oro-facial and systemic manifestations in HIV sero-positive children with and without highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The study population consisted of 100 pediatric HIV patients (n=47 on HAART and n=53 not on HAART). The majority of the children (n=56) had at least one or more oro-facial manifestation associated with HIV...
September 2013: Current HIV Research
Yulien Amado, Anelvi Patiño-Uzcátegui, Maria C Cepero de García, Javier Tabima, Adriana Motta, Martha Cárdenas, Adriana Bernal, Silvia Restrepo, Adriana Celis
Seborrheic dermatitis (SD) is a chronic, widespread skin condition, which is considered a multifactorial disease influenced, in part, by Malassezia spp. opportunistic activities, as well as various endogenous and exogenous factors. Malassezia species are lipophilic, lipid-dependent yeasts that are members of the normal mycobiota of the human skin. Their isolation from SD lesions varies around the world and the study of the relationship among factors such as gender, age, immunosuppressive condition of the patient and SD development, can lead to a better understanding of this disease...
November 2013: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Sachin D Kore, Amrinder J Kanwar, Keshavamurthy Vinay, Ajay Wanchu
BACKGROUND: Mucocutaneous diseases are among the first-recognized clinical manifestations of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. They function as visual markers in assessing the progression of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Given the relative ease of examination of skin, its evaluation remains an important tool in the diagnosis of HIV infection. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV-positive patients and to correlate their presence with CD4 counts...
January 2013: Indian Journal of Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Ann K Sullivan, Dorthe Raben, Joanne Reekie, Michael Rayment, Amanda Mocroft, Stefan Esser, Agathe Leon, Josip Begovac, Kees Brinkman, Robert Zangerle, Anna Grzeszczuk, Anna Vassilenko, Vesna Hadziosmanovic, Maksym Krasnov, Anders Sönnerborg, Nathan Clumeck, José Gatell, Brian Gazzard, Antonella d'Arminio Monforte, Jürgen Rockstroh, Jens D Lundgren
Improved methods for targeting HIV testing among patients most likely to be infected are required; HIDES I aimed to define the methodology of a European wide study of HIV prevalence in individuals presenting with one of eight indicator conditions/diseases (ID); sexually transmitted infection, lymphoma, cervical or anal cancer/dysplasia, herpes zoster, hepatitis B/C, mononucleosis-like illness, unexplained leukocytopenia/thrombocytopenia and seborrheic dermatitis/exanthema, and to identify those with an HIV prevalence of >0...
2013: PloS One
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2012: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Ana Luisa Sobral Bittencourt Sampaio, Angela Cristina Akel Mameri, Thiago Jeunon de Sousa Vargas, Marcia Ramos-e-Silva, Amanda Pedreira Nunes, Sueli Coelho da Silva Carneiro
Seborrheic dermatitis is a chronic relapsing erythematous scaly skin disease, the prevalence of which is around 1 to 3% of the general population in the United States. It has two incidence peaks, the first in the first three months of life and the second beginning at puberty and reaching its apex at 40 to 60 years of age. The prevalence of seborrheic dermatitis is higher in HIV-positive individuals and the condition tends to be more intense and refractory to treatment in these patients. Neurological disorders and other chronic diseases are also associated with the onset of seborrheic dermatitis...
November 2011: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Shahriar Tavakoli-Tabasi, Ameena Bagree
GOALS: To describe dermatologic side effects encountered during treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C, and analyze factors predisposing to such reactions. BACKGROUND: Treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection with interferon (IFN) and ribavirin is associated with a number of mucocutaneous adverse reactions that have not been adequately studied. STUDY: A retrospective cohort study design was used to longitudinally describe mucocutaneous drug eruptions during IFN and ribavirin therapy in HCV-infected patients...
February 2012: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Ser Ling Chua Serling, Kieron Leslie, Toby Maurer
Pruritus will affect a majority of HIV-infected adults in the course of their disease, impacting their quality of life. Itchy skin conditions in the HIV-infected patient may be atypical in appearance and pose diagnostic and treatment challenges. Skin changes because of chronic scratching or the absence of skin findings despite ongoing pruritus should prompt investigations for underlying causes. The presence of pruritus or pruritic skin conditions and their response to therapy may be a barometer for changes in systemic inflammation, immune activation, and dysregulation because of infection with HIV and treatment with antiretroviral therapy...
June 2011: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Yi-Chun Lo, Pei-Ying Wu, Chia-Yin Hsieh, Mao-Yuan Chen, Wang-Huei Sheng, Szu-Min Hsieh, Hsin-Yun Sun, Wen-Chun Liu, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Despite provision of free-of-charge human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care and antiretroviral therapy in Taiwan, a substantial proportion of patients experience late HIV diagnosis. We investigated the risk factors for late HIV diagnosis in Taiwan. METHODS: Structured interviews were conducted among newly diagnosed HIV-infected patients to collect data on demographics, socio-behavioral variables and clinical profiles within 1 year preceding HIV diagnosis from August 2006 to July 2008...
May 2011: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
S Menzinger, E Laffitte
Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a frequent chronic inflammatory dermatosis characterized by erythematous patches surmounted by fatty and yellowish scales, affecting particularly the scalp, the naso-labial folds and the eyebrows. Its etio-pathogeny is still not clear, but Malassezia type yeast appear to play a very important role in its development. Several conditions can be associated with high prevalency of seborrhoeic dermatitis (HIV, Parkinson's disease, Down's Syndrome). No curative treatment is available yet, but nevertheless the symptomatology can be controlled, mainly with topical treatments, and particularly antifungals...
April 6, 2011: Revue Médicale Suisse
J Vogel, M Cepeda, A Enk, L Ngo, G Jay
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients have a very high incidence (>90%) of neoplastic and non-neoplastic skin disorders. The proliferative lesions frequently involve the epidermis and include squamous and basal cell carcinomas, and the papulosquamous diseases of seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis. Although the role played by HIV in the development of these proliferative skin lesions is not clear, there are several lines of evidence suggesting that HIV may play a causative role. We show that transgenic mice carrying the HIV tat gene under the control of the viral LTR constitutively express the tnt gene in keratinocytes...
October 1995: International Journal of Oncology
R Aschoff, W Kempter, M Meurer
Seborrheic dermatitis is a frequent skin disorder in infancy and adulthood. It also often occurs in patients with HIV or neurologic disorders like Parkinson disease or mood disorders. It is characterized by greasy, yellow flakes or scales in areas of high sebaceous gland activity like the scalp, face, chest and upper back. Additionally, erythema and itching can be present. The etiology and pathogenesis of seborrheic dermatitis is unknown; however, the focus lies on the involvement of Malassezia yeasts or fatty acid metabolites of Malassezia, on hormones and immunologic factors...
April 2011: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
M Blanes, I Belinchón, E Merino, J Portilla, J Sánchez-Payá, I Betlloch
INTRODUCTION: The introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy has produced a substantial change in the natural history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The frequency of opportunistic infections and AIDS-related cancers has fallen, though new health problems have developed. Likewise, there has been a change in the spectrum of skin diseases now observed in these patients. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence and characteristics of skin disease in a group of HIV-infected outpatients...
October 2010: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
Mariam M Khambaty, Sam S Hsu
Cutaneous diseases occur in most people infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and at a higher rate than people not infected with HIV. Common HIV-related rashes and rashes made unusual by HIV infection are reviewed.
May 2010: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
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