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Prospective memory

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433953/the-ability-of-early-serial-developmental-assessment-to-predict-outcome-at-5years-following-neonatal-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy
#1
Catherine M O'Connor, C Anthony Ryan, Geraldine B Boylan, Deirdre M Murray
BACKGROUND: Neurodevelopmental difficulties in children following hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) may not emerge until school age. AIMS: To evaluate the value and stability of early serial developmental assessments in predicting long-term outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study of infants with neonatal HIE and early continuous EEG at birth. SUBJECTS: Term infants with HIE were recruited at birth. Development was measured at 6, 12 and 24months using the Revised Griffiths' Scales (GMDS-R)...
April 20, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431111/correction-of-abnormal-b-cell-subset-distribution-by-interleukin-6-receptor-blockade-in-polymyalgia-rheumatica
#2
Guillermo Carvajal Alegria, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec, Yves Renaudineau, Alain Saraux, Jacques-Olivier Pers, Divi Cornec
Objectives.: The aim was to study lymphocyte subsets and circulating cytokines at diagnosis of PMR and after tocilizumab monotherapy. Methods.: Eighteen untreated patients with PMR were included in a prospective study and received 3-monthly tocilizumab infusions without glucocorticoids. Lymphocyte subset distribution was assessed by flow cytometry and serum cytokines were assayed by a 34-cytokine array and ELISA, at baseline and during follow-up. Baseline data were also compared with age- and sex-matched controls...
April 20, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430880/cerebral-abscess-associated-with-odontogenic-bacteremias-hypoxemia-and-iron-loading-in-immunocompetent-patients-with-right-to-left-shunting-through-pulmonary-arteriovenous-malformations
#3
E J Boother, S Brownlow, H C Tighe, K B Bamford, J E Jackson, C L Shovlin
Background: Cerebral abscess is a recognised complication of pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) that allow systemic venous blood to bypass the pulmonary capillary bed through anatomic right-to-left shunts. Broader implications and mechanisms remain poorly explored. Methods: Between June 2005 and December 2016, at a single institution, 445 consecutive adult patients with CT-scan confirmed PAVMs (including 403 (90.5%) with hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia) were recruited to a prospective series...
April 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428166/vascular-cognitive-impairment-in-a-memory-clinic-population-rationale-and-design-of-the-utrecht-amsterdam-clinical-features-and-prognosis-in-vascular-cognitive-impairment-trace-vci-study
#4
EDITORIAL
Jooske Marije Funke Boomsma, Lieza Geertje Exalto, Frederik Barkhof, Esther van den Berg, Jeroen de Bresser, Rutger Heinen, Huiberdina Lena Koek, Niels Daniël Prins, Philip Scheltens, Henry Chanoch Weinstein, Wiesje Maria van der Flier, Geert Jan Biessels
BACKGROUND: Vascular Cognitive Impairment (VCI) refers to cognitive dysfunction due to vascular brain injury, as a single cause or in combination with other, often neurodegenerative, etiologies. VCI is a broad construct that captures a heterogeneous patient population both in terms of cognitive and noncognitive symptoms and in terms of etiology and prognosis. This provides a challenge when applying this construct in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents the rationale and design of the TRACE-VCI study, which investigates the clinical features and prognosis of VCI in a memory clinic setting...
April 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426152/donor-specific-alloreactive-t-cells-can-be-quantified-from-whole-blood-and-may-predict-cellular-rejection-after-renal-transplantation
#5
Michaela Fischer, Sarah Leyking, Marco Schäfer, Julia Elsäßer, Martin Janssen, Janine Mihm, Kai van Bentum, Danilo Fliser, Martina Sester, Urban Sester
Preformed cellular alloreactivity can exist prior to transplantation and may contribute to rejection. Here, we used a rapid flow-cytometric whole-blood assay to characterize the extent of alloreactive T cells among 1491 stimulatory reactions from 61 renal transplant candidates and 75 controls. The role of preformed donor-specific alloreactive T cells in cellular rejection was prospectively analyzed in 21 renal transplant recipients. Alloreactive CD8(+) T cells were more frequent than respective CD4(+) T cells, and these levels were stable over time...
April 20, 2017: European Journal of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424025/selective-reminding-of-prospective-memory-in-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Joshua D McKeever, Maria T Schultheis, Tiffanie Sim, Jessica Goykhman, Kristina Patrick, Dawn M Ehde, Steven Paul Woods
OBJECTIVE: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is associated with prospective memory (PM) deficits, which may increase the risk of poor functional/health outcomes such as medication non-adherence. This study examined the potential benefits of selective reminding to enhance PM functioning in persons with MS. METHOD: Twenty-one participants with MS and 22 healthy adults (HA) underwent a neuropsychological battery including a Selective Reminding PM (SRPM) experimental procedure...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421863/a-meta-analysis-of-task-related-influences-in-prospective-memory-in-traumatic-brain-injury
#7
Daniela Wong Gonzalez, Lori Buchanan
Prospective memory is the ability to remember to do something in the future and it is essential to every-day functional independence. Traumatic brain injury is associated with frequent and persistent prospective memory deficits. This study presents a review and meta-analysis investigating the effects of task parameters on prospective memory performance of individuals with TBI. Individual studies using continuous behavioural measures of prospective memory with a sample of adults with TBI and matched controls were included...
April 19, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414754/type-2-diabetes-depressive-symptoms-and-trajectories-of-cognitive-decline-in-a-national-sample-of-community-dwellers-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Panayotes Demakakos, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Arie Nouwen
We examined the individual and synergistic effects of type 2 diabetes and elevated depressive symptoms on memory and executive function trajectories over 10 and eight years of follow-up, respectively. Our sample comprised 10,524 community-dwellers aged ≥50 years in 2002-03 from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. With respect to memory (word recall), participants with either diabetes or elevated depressive symptoms recalled significantly fewer words compared with those free of these conditions (reference category), but more words compared with those with both conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414475/cognitive-functioning-of-adolescent-and-young-adult-cannabis-users-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#9
J Cobb Scott, Daniel H Wolf, Monica E Calkins, Emily C Bach, Jennifer Weidner, Kosha Ruparel, Tyler M Moore, Jason D Jones, Chad T Jackson, Raquel E Gur, Ruben C Gur
Cannabis use in youth is rising and has been linked to deficits in cognitive functioning. However, cognitive findings have primarily been based on small samples of users seeking treatment, and few studies have evaluated cognition in occasional cannabis users. Here, we examined 4,568 adolescents and young adults (ages 14-21 years) drawn from the Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort, a prospective, population-based study. Participants were classified as cannabis Non-Users (n = 3,401), Occasional Users (twice per week or less; n = 940), or Frequent Users (>3 times per week; n = 227)...
April 17, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413988/cognitive-mechanisms-in-decision-making-in-patients-with-mild-alzheimer-disease
#10
Jose Ramón Alameda-Bailén, María Pilar Salguero-Alcañiz, Ana Merchán-Clavellino, Susana Paíno-Quesada
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's dementia is characterized by significant cortical and subcortical atrophy, causing diverse neuropsychological deficits. According to the somatic marker hypothesis, the areas responsible for generating the somatic markers that anticipate the consequences of a decision and thereby optimize the process would be affected in these patients. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this experiment is to study the decision-making processes in Alzheimer type dementia patients to determine potential deficits in these processes as a result of the disease, aside from the cognitive impairment that is typical of aging...
April 17, 2017: Current Alzheimer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412148/no-evidence-to-support-a-role-for-helicobacter-pylori-infection-and-plasminogen-binding-protein-in-autoimmune-pancreatitis-and-igg4-related-disease-in-a-uk-cohort
#11
Emma L Culver, Wouter L Smit, Caroline Evans, Ross Sadler, Tamsin Cargill, Mateusz Makuch, Lai-Mun Wang, Berne Ferry, Paul Klenerman, Eleanor Barnes
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori) plasminogen binding protein (PBP) has been proposed as an antigen triggering autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP), the pancreatic manifestation of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD). We investigated exposure to H. pylori infection, cytokine response and immunological memory to H. pylori PBP in a prospective IgG4-RD cohort in the UK. METHODS: Clinical and endoscopic evidence of peptic ulceration, serological H. pylori exposure and serum IgG4 levels were obtained in 55 IgG4-RD patients and 52 disease controls (DC) with autoimmune or inflammatory conditions with an elevated serum IgG4...
April 5, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411324/determinants-of-social-competence-in-pediatric-brain-tumor-survivors-who-participated-in-an-intervention-study
#12
Maru Barrera, Eshetu G Atenafu, Fiona Schulte, Ute Bartels, Lillian Sung, Laura Janzen, Joanna Chung, Danielle Cataudella, Kelly Hancock, Amani Saleh, Douglas Strother, Dina McConnell, Andrea Downie, Juliette Hukin, Shayna Zelcer
PURPOSE: This prospective study describes disease/treatment, personal characteristics, and social/family contextual variables as risk and resilience factors that predict social competence in pediatric brain tumor survivors (PBTS). METHODS: Ninety-one PBTS (51% male, mean age 11.21 years, off-treatment, attending a regular classroom >50% of the time) participated. PBTS and their primary caregivers (proxy) completed the Social Skills Rating System (SSRS) to assess social competence at baseline, 2, and 8 months follow-up...
April 14, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410987/alkaline-phosphatase-velocity-predicts-overall-survival-and-bone-metastasis-in-patients-with-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer
#13
Kai H Hammerich, Timothy F Donahue, Inger L Rosner, Jennifer Cullen, Huai-Ching Kuo, Lauren Hurwitz, Yongmei Chen, Melanie Bernstein, Jonathan Coleman, Daniel C Danila, Adam R Metwalli
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Identifying patients with prostate cancer (CaP) who will ultimately develop bone metastasis (BM) or die of disease is essential. Alkaline phosphatase velocity (APV) has been shown to predict overall survival (OS) and bone metastasis-free survival (BMFS) in an earlier study of an equal access military patient cohort of patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). To confirm these findings, we examined a cohort of patients from a high-volume cancer center to validate a previous observation that faster alkaline phosphatase (AP) kinetics are predictive of OS and BMFS in this second cohort of patients...
April 11, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410546/coinfection-and-mortality-in-pneumonia-related-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients-with-bronchoalveolar-lavage-a-prospective-observational-study
#14
Kuo-Chin Kao, Li-Chung Chiu, Chen-Yiu Hung, Chih-Hao Chang, Cheng-Ta Yang, Chung-Chi Huang, Han-Chung Hu
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the leading risk factor of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). It is increasing studies in patients with pneumonia to reveal that coinfection with viral and bacterial infection can lead to poorer outcomes than no coinfection. This study evaluated the role of coinfection identified through bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) examination on the outcomes of pneumonia-related ARDS. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital from October 2012 to May 2015...
May 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409832/influence-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-on-resection-of-primary-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-propensity-score-analysis
#15
Moritz J Strowitzki, Thomas Schmidt, Ulrich Keppler, Alina S Ritter, Sarah Mahmoud, Johannes Klose, André L Mihaljevic, Martin Schneider, Markus W Büchler, Alexis B Ulrich
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is ongoing debate about whether patients planned for liver resection of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) benefit from neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC). Therefore, we performed a retrospective survival analysis of patients with and without NC prior to surgery. METHODS: Data prospectively collected from 468 consecutive patients were analyzed in a retrospective design. We performed a survival analysis and added propensity score matching (PSM)...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408897/do-executive-functions-predict-binge-drinking-patterns-evidence-from-a-longitudinal-study-in-young-adulthood
#16
Ragnhild Bø, Joël Billieux, Line C Gjerde, Espen M Eilertsen, Nils I Landrø
Background: Impairments in executive functions (EFs) are related to binge drinking in young adulthood, but research on how EFs influence future binge drinking is lacking. The aim of the current report is therefore to investigate the association between various EFs and later severity of, and change in, binge drinking over a prolonged period during young adulthood. Methods: At baseline, 121 students reported on their alcohol habits (Alcohol use disorder identification test; Alcohol use questionnaire). Concurrently, EFs [working memory, reversal, set-shifting, response inhibition, response monitoring and decision-making (with ambiguity and implicit risk)] were assessed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407205/association-between-vascular-pathology-and-rate-of-cognitive-decline-independent-of-alzheimer-s-disease-pathology
#17
Ali Ezzati, Cuiling Wang, Richard B Lipton, Dorothea Altschul, Mindy J Katz, Dennis W Dickson, Carol A Derby
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between vascular pathology and rate of cognitive decline in older adults independent of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Community sample. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals from the Einstein Aging Study autopsy series (N = 62). MEASUREMENTS: The Blessed Information-Memory-Concentration (BIMC) test was used to assess global cognitive status...
April 13, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406664/spontaneous-retrieval-deficits-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-case-of-focal-event-based-prospective-memory
#18
Agnieszka Niedźwieńska, Lia Kvavilashvili, Kunle Ashaye, Jacek Neckar
OBJECTIVE: Research on early cognitive markers of Alzheimer's disease is primarily focused on retrospective recall (of word lists, pairs of items, stories) and executive functions. However, research shows that people with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), who are at a higher risk of developing the disease than healthy controls, are particularly impaired in remembering to do things in the future or prospective memory (PM). The aim of this study was to establish which type of event-based PM is particularly disrupted in aMCI, focal PM, based on spontaneous retrieval, or nonfocal PM that relies on strategic monitoring processes...
April 13, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402388/cognitive-associates-of-current-and-more-intensive-control-of-hypertension-findings-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#19
Melissa Lamar, Donghong Wu, Ramon A Durazo-Arvizu, Adam M Brickman, Hector M Gonzalez, Wassim Tarraf, Martha L Daviglus
BACKGROUND: Hypertension control in Hispanics/Latinos lag behind general US trends by 10-15%. Intensive systolic blood pressure (SBP) management <120 mm Hg may significantly reduce morbidity/mortality risk in adults with hypertension; less is known about cognition. We investigated cross-sectional associations of cognition with observed hypertension control at currently recommended (SBP < 140 mm Hg) and more intensive (SBP < 120 mm Hg) levels using baseline data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401238/voltage-polarity-dependent-multi-mode-resistive-switching-on-sputtered-mgo-nanostructures
#20
Catarina Dias, Luís M Guerra, Bernardo D Bordalo, Hua Lv, Ana M Ferraria, Ana M Botelho do Rego, Susana Cardoso, Paulo P Freitas, João Ventura
Resistive switching in metal-insulator-metal nanosctructures is being intensively studied for nonvolatile memory applications. Here, we report unipolar resistive switching in Pt/MgO/Ta/Ru structures, with a 30 nm oxide barrier. A forming process was needed to initiate the resistive switching, which was then observed for all Set and Reset voltage polarity combinations. We studied the influence of the voltage polarity on the variability of the Set/Reset voltages and ON/OFF resistances and revealed the importance of a thin TaOx layer working as an oxygen revervoir for resistive switching...
April 12, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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