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Plasmin anaphylaxis

Mar Guilarte, Anna Sala-Cunill, Olga Luengo, Moisés Labrador-Horrillo, Victoria Cardona
Anaphylaxis is the most severe form of allergic reaction, resulting from the effect of mediators and chemotactic substances released by activated cells. Mast cells and basophils are considered key players in IgE-mediated human anaphylaxis. Beyond IgE-mediated activation of mast cells/basophils, further mechanisms are involved in the occurrence of anaphylaxis. New insights into the potential relevance of pathways other than mast cell and basophil degranulation have been unraveled, such as the activation of the contact and the coagulation systems...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Cristina Lombardini, Robert-Ebadi Helia, Françoise Boehlen, Paolo Merlani
We report on a patient with coagulation abnormalities induced by a wasp sting anaphylaxis. First, we observed an unclottable activated partial thromboplastin time and a significant anti-Xa activity (equivalent to a therapeutic heparin range), whereas the patient had received no heparin. This phenomenon is probably due to activated mast cells that release mediators such as heparin and tryptase. Heparin can then act as an anticoagulant by binding to antithrombin. This "heparinization" explains the anti-Xa activity contributing to the unclottable activated partial thromboplastin time detected in our patient...
November 2009: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1964: Japanese Circulation Journal
Protease activity was measured through the hydrolysis of synthetic amino acid esters in body fluids and tissues of guinea pigs, rats, mice, and humans. Significant in vitro activation was observed in serum and lung slices of sensitized guinea pigs on addition of the specific antigen. Increased proteolytic activity was also seen in reverse anaphylaxis. More marked activation occurred when guinea pig serum was treated with peptone and guinea pig or rat serum was treated with agar. Protease activation was demonstrated in specimens of human skin under the influence of a poison ivy extract or croton oil added in vitro...
February 1, 1961: Journal of Experimental Medicine
E C Lasser, J H Hang, A E Hamblin, S G Lyon, M Howard
Both animal and human data suggest the possibility that the C1 esterase inhibitor may play an important controlling role in contrast media systemic reactions. This critical controlling protein has a major inhibitory effect on C1, kallikrein, activated factor XII of the intrinsic coagulation system, and on plasmin. In addition, it probably has other inhibitory effects not so well documented. Any circumstance that contributes to a continuing activation of the complement, coagulation, kinin, or fibrinolytic systems may result in partial consumption of the inhibitor and predispose the individual to adverse reactions to contrast challenge...
November 1980: Investigative Radiology
Y Hitomi, S Fujii
FUT-175 (6 amidino-2-naphthyl-4-guanidino benzoate-dimethanesulfonate), a new synthetic protease inhibitor, inhibits the enzyme activities of various proteases, such as Clr, C1 esterase, thrombin, kallikrein, plasmin and trypsin. FUT-175 strongly inhibited complement-medicated hemolysis via the classical and alternative pathways. The effects of FUT-175 on various immunological reactions in vivo were studied. The minimal effective dose of FUT-175 in systemic Forssman shock in guinea pigs was 6.25 mg/kg i.p. and 25 mg/kg p...
1982: International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology
M M Minnebaev, F I Mukhutdinova, M S Musin
A study was made of the effect of contrykal, a nonspecific inhibitor of the trypsin-plasmin-kallikrein system on the time course of kininogens and free kinins in the lymph of the thoracic duct and blood. Experiments were performed on 42 guinea-pigs with anaphylactic shock. It was demonstrated that anaphylactic shock was accompanied by the activation of the blood and lymph kinin system, manifesting in a decrease in the bradykininogen level and a rise in the content of free kinins in both body fluids. Pretreatment with contrykal did not avert the development of anaphylactic shock but significantly reduced the pronounced manifestations of the clinical picture and exerted an inhibitory action on the activation of the kallikrein-kinin system of the blood and lymph...
January 1984: Farmakologiia i Toksikologiia
M Muramatu, T Satoh, Y Yanagimoto, Y Kanamoto, I Katsuyama, M Kanemoto, K Taguchi
Since serine protease in involved in histamine release from mast cells, we attempted to prepare new protease inhibitors, trans-4-(guanidinomethyl)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (GmcHX-CO2H) esters, and examined their inhibitory effects on typical serine proteases and on histamine release induced by compound 48/80. We compared their effects with those of trans-4-(aminomethyl)cyclohexanecarboxylic acid (AmcHx-CO2H) esters. AmcHxCO2H and GmcHxCO2H esters inhibited the esterolytic activity of trypsin, but GmcHx-CO2H esters had little or no inhibitory effect on caseinolytic activity whereas AmcHxCO2H esters strongly inhibited the latter...
March 1982: Hoppe-Seyler's Zeitschrift Für Physiologische Chemie
G Briseid, K Briseid
Normal levels of factor XII and of high and low molecular weight kininogens (HMWK and LMWK) were registered in plasma specimens from 5 individuals who had developed anaphylactoid reactions upon injection of dextran during surgery (dextran reactors, DR). Factor XII was assayed as prekallikrein activator (PKA) activated with kaolin at 0 degrees, and kininogen fractions were estimated through the release of kinin caused by plasma kallikrein or hog pancreas kallikrein (HPK). Subnormal levels of factor XII apparently present in plasma from one DR, and after affinity chromatography on a lysine-Sepharose column also in plasma from another DR, were normalized by addition of plasma deficient in factor XII or by addition of purified HMWK...
August 1980: Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica
V A Bokisch, H J Müller-Eberhard, C G Cochrane
A small fragment of C3, called C3a, which has smooth muscle contracting activity, was isolated by three different methods. At pH 8.6, C3a behaved as cation, and using the Archibald method, its mol wt was determined to be 7000. A specific antiserum to C3a showed the fragment to be antigenically distinct from the rest of the C3 molecule, i.e., the C3b portion. The same antiserum and an anti-whole C3 were able to inhibit the biologic activity of C3a. In addition to anaphylatoxin activity, leukocyte chemotactic activity was shown to reside in C3a...
May 1, 1969: Journal of Experimental Medicine
K P Mathews, P M Pan, M A Amendola, F H Lewis
Since a protease inhibitor or anaphylatoxin inactivator deficiency might explain why certain individuals are prone to develop chronic urticaria/angioedema or anaphylactoid reactions to radiographic contrast media, serum alpha 1-protease inhibitor, alpha 1-antichymotrypsin, alpha 2-macroglobulin, inter-alpha-inhibitor, antithrombin III, alpha 2-plasmin inhibitor, C1 inhibitor, and serum carboxypeptidase N were assessed by immunologic or functional methods. These values all were within normal limits in both groups of patients except for a low mean alpha 1-protease inhibitor level in chronic idiopathic urticaria/angioedema and cold urticaria patients and marginal decreases of alpha 1-protease and inter-alpha-inhibitor levels in radiographic contrast medium reactors...
1986: International Archives of Allergy and Applied Immunology
H H Sedlacek, J Ring, E Weinmann, G Guthöhrlein, E J Kanzy, P Gronski, F R Seiler
The antiallergic effect of Fc fragments prepared from human polyclonal IgG was investigated in several experimental models. In an in vitro assay, isolated ileum of cynomolgus monkeys was sensitized with serum from atopic patients. In six of fifteen monkeys the subsequent addition of specific allergens reproducibly resulted in an ileum contraction measured in the Schultz-Dale apparatus. In all six positive monkeys pre-treatment of the isolated ileum with Fc (papain) before sensitization inhibited ileum contraction...
1987: International Journal of Immunopharmacology
R Seitz, G Adler, I Koop, H Koop, R Egbring
A 20-year-old man on oral substitution of pancreatic enzymes after hemipancreatectomy injected an enzyme preparation of fungal origin intravenously after dissolving it in water. Within a few hours chills, headache, nausea and vomiting, fever of 40.8 degrees C, and shock occurred. The acute illness might have been caused by bacteremia, an anaphylactic reaction, or by direct activation of humoral or cellular mediators by the fungal enzymes. A haemostatic disturbance, particularly a drop in plasminogen, was observed...
April 1989: Toxicology
Z Ovary, P H Saluk, L Quijada, M E Lamm
Biologic properties of antibodies are known to be mediated by the Fc portion of the H chains. In the present study such properties as complement fixation, cutaneous anaphylaxis, and macrophage cytophilia were examined in relation to the CH2 and CH3 domains of rabbit IgG. Fragments containing but one of these domains were prepared from plasmin and papain digests. Facb fragments of anti-DNP antibodies, together with the antigen DNP-BSA, were able to fix complement by the classical pathway, a result which implicates the CH2 domain; however, guinea pig Fab fragments directed to regions of the rabbit antibody molecule other than CH2 were able to inhibit complement fixation...
May 1976: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
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