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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528221/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-and-perinatal-characteristics-predict-1-year-respiratory-outcomes-in-newborns-born-at-extremely-low-gestational-age-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Roberta L Keller, Rui Feng, Sara B DeMauro, Thomas Ferkol, William Hardie, Elizabeth E Rogers, Timothy P Stevens, Judith A Voynow, Scarlett L Bellamy, Pamela A Shaw, Paul E Moore
OBJECTIVE: To assess the utility of clinical predictors of persistent respiratory morbidity in extremely low gestational age newborns (ELGANs). STUDY DESIGN: We enrolled ELGANs (<29 weeks' gestation) at ≤7 postnatal days and collected antenatal and neonatal clinical data through 36 weeks' postmenstrual age. We surveyed caregivers at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months' corrected age to identify postdischarge respiratory morbidity, defined as hospitalization, home support (oxygen, tracheostomy, ventilation), medications, or symptoms (cough/wheeze)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528179/factors-related-to-a-negative-birth-experience-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Lena Henriksen, Elisabeth Grimsrud, Berit Schei, Mirjam Lukasse
OBJECTIVE: this study aimed to explore factors associated with a negative childbirth experience including descriptions from women themselves. DESIGN: we performed a mixed methods study based on data from the Norwegian cohort of the Bidens study, including a total of 1352 multiparous women. Quantitative information was analysed in addition to thematic analysis of 103 free-text comments provided by women with a prior negative childbirth experience. KEY FINDINGS: the total prevalence of a negative birth experience was 21...
May 8, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527272/-does-corticosteroid-treatment-during-the-pre-and-postnatal-periods-affect-the-neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-premature-newborns
#3
Marita Lardón, José Uberos, Eduardo Narbona
INTRODUCTION: Glucocorticoids, widely used in the perinatal period, may be associated with adverse neurodevelopmental effects. OBJECTIVES: To analyze neurodevelopmental outcomes in a cohort of very low birth weight newborns treated with antenatal and/or postnatal corticosteroids. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study in which we included all very low birth weight babies admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary hospital between 2008 and 2013...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527270/-effect-of-antenatal-spiramycin-treatment-on-the-frequency-of-retinochoroiditis-due-to-congenital-toxoplasmosis-in-a-colombian-cohort
#4
Liliana María Zuluaga, John Camilo Hernández, Carlos Felipe Castaño, Jorge Hernando Donado
INTRODUCTION: Gestational toxoplasmosis is frequent and severe. There is still debate about the benefits of treatment against ocular manifestations in the newborn. Spiramycin treatment is used for this purpose, unfortunately prenatal diagnosis is sometimes delayed and pregnant women are not treated. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between treatment with spiramycin during pregnancy in mothers with gestational toxoplasmosis and development of ocular toxoplasmosis in newborns...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526452/gestational-age-at-initiation-of-17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone-caproate-and-recurrent-preterm-birth
#5
Angela Ning, Catherine J Vladutiu, Sarah K Dotters-Katz, William H Goodnight, Tracy A Manuck
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in non-anomalous neonates in the US. Women with a previous early spontaneous PTB are at highest risk for recurrence. Weekly intramuscular 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC) reduces the risk of recurrent prematurity. Though current guidelines recommend 17-OHPC initiation between 16-20 weeks', in clinical practice, 17-OHPC is started across a spectrum of gestational ages. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between the gestational age at 17-OHPC initiation and recurrent PTB among women a prior spontaneous PTB 16-28 weeks' gestation...
May 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526030/prenatal-bisphenol-a-exposure-and-dysregulation-of-infant-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-function-findings-from-the-apron-cohort-study
#6
Gerald F Giesbrecht, Maede Ejaredar, Jiaying Liu, Jenna Thomas, Nicole Letourneau, Tavis Campbell, Jonathan W Martin, Deborah Dewey
BACKGROUND: Animal models show that prenatal bisphenol A (BPA) exposure leads to sexually dimorphic disruption of the neuroendocrine system in offspring, including the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) neuroendocrine system, but human data are lacking. In humans, prenatal BPA exposure is associated with sex-specific behavioural problems in children, and HPA axis dysregulation may be a biological mechanism. The objective of the current study was to examine sex differences in associations between prenatal maternal urinary BPA concentration and HPA axis function in 3 month old infants...
May 19, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526027/description-of-inter-institutional-referrals-after-admission-for-labor-and-delivery-a-prospective-population-based-cohort-study-in-rural-maharashtra-india
#7
Archana B Patel, Amber Abhijeet Prakash, Camille Raynes-Greenow, Yamini V Pusdekar, Patricia L Hibberd
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Indian government introduced financial assistance to encourage health facility deliveries. Facility births have increased, but maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality have not decreased raising questions about the quality of care provided in facilities and access to a quality referral system. We evaluated the potential role of inter-institutional transfers of women admitted for labor and delivery on adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes in an ongoing prospective, population-based Maternal and Newborn Health Registry in Central India...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525603/genome-wide-association-study-of-psychosis-proneness-in-the-finnish-population
#8
Alfredo Ortega-Alonso, Jesper Ekelund, Antti-Pekka Sarin, Jouko Miettunen, Juha Veijola, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, William Hennah
The current study examined quantitative measures of psychosis proneness in a nonpsychotic population, in order to elucidate their underlying genetic architecture and to observe if there is any commonality to that already detected in the studies of individuals with overt psychotic conditions, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Heritability, univariate and multivariate genome-wide association (GWAs) tests, including a series of comprehensive gene-based association analyses, were developed in 4269 nonpsychotic persons participating in the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 study with information on the following psychometric measures: Hypomanic Personality, Perceptual Aberration, Physical and Social Anhedonia (also known as Chapman's Schizotypia scales), and Schizoidia scale...
May 19, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523952/is-male-factor-infertility-associated-with-midlife-low-grade-inflammation-a-population-based-study
#9
Katia Keglberg Hærvig, Lene Kierkegaard, Rikke Lund, Helle Bruunsgaard, Merete Osler, Lone Schmidt
Male factor infertility is associated with an increased risk of disease and mortality, which has been related to markers of chronic systemic inflammation. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between male factor infertility and low-grade inflammation and furthermore to examine the lifetime prevalence of male factor infertility and overall infertility (also including female and couple infertility). The study population consisted of 2140 members of the Metropolit 1953 Danish Male Birth Cohort who had participated in the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank data collection in 2009-2011...
May 19, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523418/breast-cancer-and-exposure-to-tobacco-smoke-during-potential-windows-of-susceptibility
#10
Alexandra J White, Aimee A D'Aloisio, Hazel B Nichols, Lisa A DeRoo, Dale P Sandler
PURPOSE: An association between smoking and breast cancer is unresolved, although a higher risk from exposure during windows of susceptibility has been proposed. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the association between tobacco smoke and breast cancer with a focus on timing of exposure, especially during early life. METHODS: Sister study participants (n = 50,884) aged 35-74 were enrolled from 2003 to 2009. Women in the United States and Puerto Rico were eligible if they were breast cancer-free but had a sister with breast cancer...
May 18, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523409/factors-associated-with-a-poor-prognosis-for-the-ivf-icsi-live-birth-rate-in-women-with-rafs-stage-iii-and-iv-endometriosis
#11
Pauline Roux, Jeanne Perrin, Julien Mancini, Aubert Agostini, Léon Boubli, Blandine Courbiere
PURPOSE: To assess the factors associated with a poor prognosis for a cumulative IVF live birth rate (LBR) in women with stage III and IV endometriosis according to the revised classification of the American Fertility Society (rAFS). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014, in our Reproductive Medicine Center. We analyzed different factors associated with a poor prognosis for a cumulative IVF LBR in women with rAFS stage III and IV endometriosis...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522319/association-between-gestational-weight-gain-and-perinatal-outcomes-in-women-with-chronic-hypertension
#12
Lynn M Yee, Aaron B Caughey, Yvonne W Cheng
BACKGROUND: Gestational weight gain above or below the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines has been associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes. Although it has been well established that excess gestational weight gain is associated with the development of gestational hypertension and preeclampsia, the relationship between gestational weight gain and adverse perinatal outcomes among women with pregestational (chronic) hypertension is less clear. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between gestational weight gain above and below IOM guidelines and perinatal outcomes in a large, population-based cohort of women with chronic hypertension...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522106/shorter-sleep-duration-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-birth-length-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-wuhan-china
#13
Weiye Wang, Chunrong Zhong, Yu Zhang, Li Huang, Xi Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Renjuan Chen, Xiating Li, Mei Xiao, Liping Hao, Xuefeng Yang, Nianhong Yang, Sheng Wei
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between sleep duration in early pregnancy and fetal growth in a prospective cohort study of 3567 Chinese women. METHODS: Pregnant women at 8-16 weeks of gestation were interviewed using a semi-quantitative questionnaire to assess sleep duration. Birth weight and birth length were measured by a midwife in the delivery room at birth; low birth weight (LBW) was defined as birth weight <2500 g and small for gestational age (SGA) was defined as <10th customized centile...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521890/reproductive-factors-and-incidence-of%C3%A2-heart-failure-hospitalization-in-the%C3%A2-women-s-health%C3%A2-initiative
#14
Philip S Hall, Gregory Nah, Barbara V Howard, Cora E Lewis, Matthew A Allison, Gloria E Sarto, Molly E Waring, Lisette T Jacobson, JoAnn E Manson, Liviu Klein, Nisha I Parikh
BACKGROUND: Reproductive factors reflective of endogenous sex hormone exposure might have an effect on cardiac remodeling and the development of heart failure (HF). OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between key reproductive factors and the incidence of HF. METHODS: Women from a cohort of the Women's Health Initiative were systematically evaluated for the incidence of HF hospitalization from study enrollment through 2014. Reproductive factors (number of live births, age at first pregnancy, and total reproductive duration [time from menarche to menopause]) were self-reported at study baseline in 1993 to 1998...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521785/expect-with-me-development-and-evaluation-design-for-an-innovative-model-of-group-prenatal-care-to-improve-perinatal-outcomes
#15
Shayna D Cunningham, Jessica B Lewis, Jordan L Thomas, Stephanie A Grilo, Jeannette R Ickovics
BACKGROUND: Despite biomedical advances and intervention efforts, rates of preterm birth and other adverse outcomes in the United States have remained relatively intransigent. Evidence suggests that group prenatal care can reduce these risks, with implications for maternal and child health as well as substantial cost savings. However, widespread dissemination presents challenges, in part because training and health systems have not been designed to deliver care in a group setting. This manuscript describes the design and evaluation of Expect With Me, an innovative model of group prenatal care with a strong integrated information technology (IT) platform designed to be scalable nationally...
May 18, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521622/exodus-from-hunger-the-long-term-health-consequences-of-the-1959-1961-chinese-famine
#16
Zhuoni Zhang, Shige Song, Xiaogang Wu
This article examines the long-term health consequences of China's 1959-1961 famine by comparing people who stayed in Guangdong and endured the famine with people who crossed the border to immigrate to Hong Kong and thus escaped the famine. Based on data from the Hong Kong Panel Study of Social Dynamics (HKPSSD) and the China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), we focused on two health indicators-body mass index (BMI) and self-rated health (SRH)-of the cohort born before 1959. Our results show that the stayers who experienced the famine have a lower BMI than the emigrants, and they are likely to have a poor SRH...
2017: Biodemography and Social Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521283/reproductive-factors-exogenous-hormone-use-and-risk-of-pancreatic-cancer-in-postmenopausal-women
#17
Geoffrey C Kabat, Victor Kamensky, Thomas E Rohan
INTRODUCTION: The epidemiologic literature on menstrual and reproductive factors associated with pancreatic cancer has yielded weak and inconsistent evidence of an association. Furthermore, few cohort studies have examined the association of exogenous hormone use, including type and duration, with this disease. The aim of this study was to assess the association of these exposures with risk of pancreatic cancer in a large cohort of postmenopausal women. METHODS: We used data from the Women's Health Initiative on 1003 cases of pancreatic cancer diagnosed among 158,298 participants over 14...
May 15, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520854/declines-in-hpv-associated-high-grade-cervical-lesions-after-introduction-of-hpv-vaccines-in-connecticut-us-2008-2015
#18
Linda M Niccolai, James I Meek, Monica Brackney, James L Hadler, Lynn E Sosa, Daniel M Weinberger
Background: Trends in HPV-associated cervical lesions can provide an indication of vaccine impact. Our purpose was to measure trends in cervical lesions during 2008-2015 and to consider possible explanations including vaccination coverage, changes in screening for cervical cancer, and risk behaviors for acquiring HPV. Methods: Connecticut (CT) implemented mandatory reporting of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grades 2/3 and adenocarcinoma in situ (CIN2+) in 2008...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520809/antenatal-coffee-and-tea-consumption-and-the-effect-on-birth-outcome-and-hypertensive-pregnancy-disorders
#19
Timothy van der Hoeven, Joyce L Browne, Cuno S P M Uiterwaal, Cornelis K van der Ent, Diederick E Grobbee, Geertje W Dalmeijer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Coffee and tea are commonly consumed during pregnancy. While several of their components, like caffeine, have strong pharmacological effects, the effect on the unborn fetus remains unclear. Caffeine intake has been associated with abortion, preterm birth and fetal growth restriction, but a general consensus on caffeine restriction is still lacking. We aimed to investigate antenatal coffee, tea and caffeine consumption and the effect on birth weight and length, gestational age at birth and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520661/traumatic-brain-injury-and-depression-in-a-community-based-sample-a-cohort-study-across-the-adult-life-span
#20
A J Osborn, J L Mathias, A K Fairweather-Schmidt, K J Anstey
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether self-reported traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) are associated with "cases" of clinically significant depression in the general community. To examine interactions between variables previously linked to depression after a TBI. SETTING: Population-based community study (Canberra and Queanbeyan, Australia). PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Three age cohorts: young, middle-aged, and older adults (aged 20-24, 40-44, and 60-64 years at baseline) randomly selected from the electoral roll and followed across 3 waves (4 years apart)...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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