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Adam C Lipus, Juan S Leon, Susana C Calle, Karen L Andes
The objective of this article was to characterize how urbanization and indigenous identity shape nutrition attitudes and practices in El Alto, a rapidly urbanizing and predominantly indigenous (Aymara) community on Bolivia's Andean plateau. We took a qualitative ethnographic approach, interviewing health care providers ( n = 11) and conducting focus groups with mothers of young children ( n = 4 focus groups with 25 mothers total [age = 18-43 years, 60% Aymara]). Participants generally described their urban environment as being problematic for nutrition, a place where unhealthy "junk foods" and "chemicals" have supplanted healthy, "natural," "indigenous" foods from the countryside...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
Yuchen Wang, Maureen R Newman, Danielle S W Benoit
Impaired fracture healing is a major clinical problem that can lead to patient disability, prolonged hospitalization, and significant financial burden. Although the majority of fractures heal using standard clinical practices, approximately 10% suffer from delayed unions or non-unions. A wide range of factors contribute to the risk for nonunions including internal factors, such as patient age, gender, and comorbidities, and external factors, such as the location and extent of injury. Current clinical approaches to treat nonunions include bone grafts and low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS), which realizes clinical success only to select patients due to limitations including donor morbidities (grafts) and necessity of fracture reduction (LIPUS), respectively...
February 19, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Mehmet Emre Coskun, Kubra Acikalin Coskun, Yusuf Tutar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the optimum operating parameters (pulse duration, energy levels, and application time) to promote induction of osteoblast and fibroblast cell proliferation and to maintain cell viability treated with low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT). BACKGROUND DATA: The positive effects of LIPUS and LLLT on cellular activity have been reported in recent years. Comparisons between experimental parameters of previous studies are difficult because scientific studies reported frequencies and the duty cycles of LIPUS and wavelengths and doses of LLLT in a wide range of parameters...
February 21, 2018: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
Jiamin Li, Qingwei Zhang, Cong Ren, Xianxian Wu, Ying Zhang, Xue Bai, Yuan Lin, Mingqi Li, Jiangbo Fu, Philipp Kopylov, Siqi Wang, Tingting Yu, Ning Wang, Chaoqian Xu, Yong Zhang, Baofeng Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endothelial-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) has been shown to take part in the generation and progression of diverse diseases, involving a series of changes leading to a loss of their endothelial characteristics and an acquirement of properties typical of mesenchymal cells. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a new therapeutic option that has been successfully used in fracture healing. However, whether LIPUS can inhibit oxidative stress-induced endothelial cell damages through inhibiting EndMT remained unknown...
February 15, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Clara M Korstjens, Sjoerd Rutten, Peter A Nolte, Marion A van Duin, Jenneke Klein-Nulend
Disturbed vascularity leads to impaired fracture healing. Since low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) increases new bone formation in delayed-unions, we investigated whether LIPUS increases blood supply in delayed-unions of the osteotomized fibula, and if LIPUS-increased bone formation is correlated to increased blood supply. Blood vessel parameters were analysed using histology, immunohistochemistry, and histomorphometric analysis as well as their correlation with bone formation and resorption parameters...
February 13, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
Yanxin An, Yan Song, Zhaoling Wang, Jing Wang, Gaoyi Wu, Guoxiong Zhu, Lei Chen
The use of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a promising approach to promote osteogenesis. However, few studies have reported the influence of this technique on the osseointegration of endosseous implants, especially regarding different implant topographies. We focused on how the initial interaction between cells and the titanium surface is enhanced by LIPUS and the potential regulatory mechanisms. The bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) of rats were cultured on two types of titanium surfaces (polished surface, Flat and large grain blast acid etched, SLA) under LIPUS stimulation or control conditions...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Sui-Yi Wu, Zi-Cheng Zhang, Fei Wang, Yi-Lin Yang, Ming Li, Xian-Zhao Wei
Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) has been found to accelerate the healing process of spinal fusion via a process closely related to osteoblast differentiation and migration. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling plays an important role in development and homeostasis, including a critical function in bone formation. However, its role in spinal fusion during LIPUS treatment is still unknown. This study showed that LIPUS treatment after spinal fusion surgery increased bone formation. The increased bone mass under LIPUS treatment appeared to result from the increased migration and proliferation of osteoblasts, resulting from upregulation of the Shh signaling pathway...
February 2, 2018: Bone
Szu-Fu Chen, Wei-Shen Su, Chun-Hu Wu, Tsuo-Hung Lan, Feng-Yi Yang
The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term treatment efficacy of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on functional outcomes, brain edema, and the possible involvement of reactions in mice following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Mice subjected to controlled cortical impact injury received LIPUS treatment daily for a period of 4 weeks. The effects of LIPUS on edema were detected by MR imaging in the mouse brain at 148 days following TBI. Long-term functional outcomes of LIPUS stimulation were evaluated by behavioral analyses...
January 30, 2018: Molecular Neurobiology
Liang Tang, Nan Li, Wenqi Jian, Yiting Kang, Bo Yin, Shuxin Sun, Jianzhong Guo, Lijun Sun, Dean Ta
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) induces serious skeletal muscle atrophy. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a common treatment for skeletal muscle injury and is effective in accelerating the rate of muscle growth. However, to the best of our knowledge, whether LIPUS can improve skeletal muscle atrophy in type 1 diabetic rats has not been investigated. METHODS: The rats were randomly divided into four groups: the normal control group (NC); the sham-treated diabetic control group (DC); the diabetic, insulin-treated group (DI) as a positive control; and the diabetic LIPUS therapy group (DL)...
December 22, 2017: Skeletal Muscle
Li Ling, Xiushan Feng, Tianqin Wei, Yan Wang, Yaping Wang, Wenqian Zhang, Lianli He, Ziling Wang, Qianru Zeng, Zhengai Xiong
BACKGROUND: Human amnion-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAD-MSCs) have the features of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) can promote the expression of various growth factors and anti-inflammatory molecules that are necessary to keep the follicle growing and to reduce granulosa cell (GC) apoptosis in the ovary. This study aims to explore the effects of LIPUS-pretreated hAD-MSC transplantation on chemotherapy-induced primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) in rats...
December 19, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Peng Xia, Xiaoju Wang, Yanping Qu, Qiang Lin, Kai Cheng, Mingxia Gao, Shasha Ren, Tingting Zhang, Xueping Li
BACKGROUND: Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a mechanical stimulus that plays a key role in regulating the differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). However, the way in which it affects the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSCs remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether LIPUS is able to influence TGF-β1-induced chondrogenesis of BMSCs through the integrin-mechanistic target of the Rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. METHODS: BMSCs were isolated from rat bone marrow and cultured in either standard or TGF-β1-treated culture medium...
December 13, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
Tian-Ming Feng, Ming-Cong Yang, Lan-Lan Pan, Chen-Xi Fei, Chao Wang, Xue-Rong Xiang, Jun Sun
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound(LIPUS) combined with triamcinolone acetonide on oral mucosal ulcer in syrian hamster in several ways, including healing time, contents of superoxide dismutase(SOD)and malondialdehyde (MDA). METHODS: Sixty syrian hamsters were randomly divided into 5 groups, including a baseline group (containing a normal baseline group and a model baseline group, n=6) and 4 experimental groups (LIPUS processing and drug use group, LIPUS group, drug group and a normal control group without any processing, n=12)...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
Evaldo Moreira da Silva Junior, Raquel Agnelli Mesquita-Ferrari, Cristiane Miranda França, Lucas Andreo, Sandra Kalil Bussadori, Kristianne Porta Santos Fernandes
AIMS: The purpose of this study was toclarify the effect of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on the phenotype of the inflammatory infiltrate in muscle tissue following acute injury. MAIN METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were submitted to cryoinjury of the tibialis anterior muscle and only half were treated with LIPUS. After 1, 2, 3 and 7 days macrophages and neutrophils were quantified. KEY FINDINGS: With one day, LIPUS led to reductions in the number of neutrophils and M1 macrophages...
December 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
João Alberto Fioravante Tassinary, Adroaldo Lunardelli, Bruno de Souza Basso, Henrique Bregolin Dias, Anderson Velasque Catarina, Simone Stülp, Gabriela Viegas Haute, Bianca Andrade Martha, Denizar Alberto da Silva Melo, Fernanda Bordignon Nunes, Márcio Vinícius Fagundes Donadio, Jarbas Rodrigues de Oliveira
The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on pre-osteoblast mineralization using in vitro bioassays. Pre-osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells were exposed to LIPUS at 1 MHz frequency, 0.2 W/cm2 intensity and 20% duty cycle for 30 min. The analyses were carried out up to 336 h (14 days) after exposure. The concentration of collagen, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, calcium and transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) in cell supernatant and the presence of calcium deposits in the cells were analyzed...
March 2018: Ultrasonics
Wei-Shen Su, Chun-Hu Wu, Szu-Fu Chen, Feng-Yi Yang
The purpose of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on behavioral and histological outcomes in a mouse model of traumatic brain injury (TBI). Mice subjected to controlled cortical impact injury were treated with LIPUS in the injured region daily for a period of 4 weeks. The effects of LIPUS on edema were observed by MR imaging in the mouse brain at 1 and 4 days following TBI. Brain water content, blood-brain barrier permeability, histology analysis, and behavioral studies were performed to assess the effects of LIPUS...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
Mohammad Bayat, Amarjit Virdi, Fatemehalsadat Rezaei, Sufan Chien
To compare the in vitro effectiveness of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) and Low Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound (LIPUS) on bony cells and related stem cells. In this study, we aim to systematically review the published scientific literature which explores the use of LLLT and LIPUS to biostimulate the activity or the proliferation of bony cells or stem cells in vitro. We searched the database PubMed for LLLT or LIPUS, with/without bone, osteoblast, osteocyte, stem cells, the human osteosarcoma cell line (MG63), bone-forming cells, and cell culture (or in vitro)...
November 8, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
Talal Zahoor, Reed Mitchell, Priya Bhasin, Yi Guo, Sharada Paudel, Lew Schon, Zijun Zhang
This study investigated the therapeutic potential of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) in post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). Intra-articular fracture of the medial tibial plateau was surgically created in 30 rats. LIPUS was applied to the operated joints either for the first 2 wk (LIPUS1-2 group) or in weeks 4 and 5 after intra-articular fracture (LIPUS4-5 group). In controls, the operated knees were not treated with LIPUS (LIPUS0 group). The rats were monitored with weekly gait analysis and euthanized at week 8...
January 2018: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Kohtaroh Oda, Tetsuro Ohba, Shigeto Ebata, Hirotaka Haro
This case report describes a unique case involving traumatic spondylolisthesis of the axis that resulted in nonunion, angulation, and displacement after conservative treatment with a cervical collar, but which was successfully achieved union with halo immobilization and low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS). Halo immobilization of a traumatic spondylolisthesis in a 20-year-old patient, that previously failed to improve after wearing a cervical collar for 3 months, was immediately followed by treatment with a LIPUS device (SAFHS 4000J; Teijin Pharma, Tokyo, Japan) 20 minutes once daily to the right and left fracture sites which were located using fluoroscopic guidance...
October 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery Reports
Devante Horne, Peter Jones, Vasant Salgaonkar, Matt Adams, B Arda Ozilgen, Peter Zahos, Xinyan Tang, Ellen Liebenburg, Dezba Coughlin, Jeffrey Lotz, Chris Diederich
Discogenic back pain presents a major public health issue, with current therapeutic interventions limited to short-term symptom relief without providing regenerative remedies for diseased intervertebral discs (IVD). Many of these interventions are invasive and can diminish the biomechanical integrity of the IVDs. Low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) is a potential treatment option that is both non-invasive and regenerative. LIPUS has been shown to be a clinically effective method for the enhancement of wound and fracture healing...
January 2017: Proceedings of SPIE
J E Tarride, R B Hopkins, G Blackhouse, N Burke, M Bhandari, H Johal, G H Guyatt, J W Busse
AIMS: This 501-patient, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial sought to establish the effect of low-intensity, pulsed, ultrasound (LIPUS) on tibial shaft fractures managed with intramedullary nailing. We conducted an economic evaluation as part of this trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data for patients' use of post-operative healthcare resources and time taken to return to work were collected and costed using publicly available sources. Health-related quality of life, assessed using the Health Utilities Index Mark-3 (HUI-3), was used to derive quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)...
November 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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