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cardiomyocytes and flow cytometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544853/microrna-34a-protect-myocardial-cells-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-through-inhibiting-autophagy-via-regulating-tnf%C3%AE-expression
#1
Haifeng Shao, Lili Yang, Li Wang, Bozan Tang, Jian Wang, Qiang Li
BACKGROUND: Ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) accompanying with the blood supply restored after myocardial infarction. Myocardial I/R injury relieves when autophagy decreased. MicroRNA-34a(miR-34a) regulate autophagy in renal I/R injury model. But whether it can affect cardiac I/R injury remains studying. This study investigated how miR-34a in protecting myocardial cells against I/R injury through inhibit autophagy via regulating tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα) . METHODS: Constructed the I/R model in vivo with Langendorff; treated Neonatal Rat cardiomyocyte to make H/R injury model in vitro with hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) method...
May 25, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534118/exercise-induced-circulating-extracellular-vesicles-protect-against-cardiac-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#2
Yihua Bei, Tianzhao Xu, Dongchao Lv, Pujiao Yu, Jiahong Xu, Lin Che, Avash Das, John Tigges, Vassilios Toxavidis, Ionita Ghiran, Ravi Shah, Yongqin Li, Yuhui Zhang, Saumya Das, Junjie Xiao
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) serve an important function as mediators of intercellular communication. Exercise is protective for the heart, although the signaling mechanisms that mediate this cardioprotection have not been fully elucidated. Here using nano-flow cytometry, we found a rapid increase in plasma EVs in human subjects undergoing exercise stress testing. We subsequently identified that serum EVs were increased by ~1.85-fold in mice after 3-week swimming. Intramyocardial injection of equivalent quantities of EVs from exercised mice and non-exercised controls provided similar protective effects against acute ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in mice...
July 2017: Basic Research in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500853/protective-effects-of-circulating-microvesicles-derived-from-myocardial-ischemic-rats-on-apoptosis-of-cardiomyocytes-in-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#3
Yao Wang, Su Wei, Yi-Lu Wang, Miao Liu, Man Shang, Qi Zhang, Yan-Na Wu, Ming-Lin Liu, Jun-Qiu Song, Yan-Xia Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of circulating microvesicles derived from myocardial ischemia (I-MVs) on apoptosis in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. METHODS: I-MVs from rats undergoing myocardial left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery ligation were isolated by ultracentrifugation from circulating blood and characterized by flow cytometry. I-MVs were administered intravenously (4.8 mg/kg) at 5 min before reperfusion procedure in I/R injury model which was induced by 30-min of ischemia and 120-min of reperfusion of LAD in rats...
April 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499868/exposure-to-particulate-matter-induces-cardiomyocytes-apoptosis-after-myocardial-infarction-through-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-activation
#4
Xueling Li, Jin Geng, Yuhan Chen, Fu Chen, Chen Liu, Qiwen Xu, Jinxuan Zhao, Jiaxin Hu, Jun Xie, Biao Xu
Clinical evidence has indicated an increased myocardial infarction (MI) morbidity and mortality after exposure to air pollution (particulate matter<2.5 μm, PM2.5). However, the mechanisms by which PM2.5 aggravates MI remain unknown. Present study was to explore the adverse effect of PM2.5 on myocardium after MI and the potential mechanisms. Male mice with MI surgery were treated with PM2.5 by intranasal instillation. Neonatal mice ventricular myocytes (NMVMs) subjected to hypoxia were also incubated with PM2...
June 17, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498411/mitochondrial-activity-and-oxidative-stress-functions-are-influenced-by-the-activation-of-ahr-induced-cyp1a1-overexpression-in-cardiomyocytes
#5
Bing Zhou, Xi Wang, Feng Li, Yingting Wang, Lei Yang, Xiaolong Zhen, Wuhong Tan
There is an endemic cardiomyopathy currently occurring in China, termed, Keshan disease (KD). The authors previously compared mitochondrial‑associated gene expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) derived from KD patients and normal controls, using mitochondria‑focused cDNA microarray technology. The results detected an upregulation of the enzyme‑associated CYP1A1 gene, (ratios ≥2.0). The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) regulates the expression of numerous cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes including members of the CYP1 family; CYP1A1 and CYP1A2...
May 12, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495885/proteolytic-cleavage-of-the-hydrophobic-domain-in-the-cav%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-1-subunit-improves-assembly-and-activity-of-cardiac-cav1-2-channels
#6
Emilie Segura, Benoîte Bourdin, Marie-Philippe Tétreault, Julie Briot, Bruce G Allen, Gaétan Mayer, Lucie Parent
Voltage-gated L-type CaV1.2 channels in cardiomyocytes exist as heteromeric complexes with the pore-forming CaVα1, CaVβ, and CaVα2δ1 subunits. The full complement of subunits is required to reconstitute the native-like properties of L-type Ca(2+) currents but the molecular determinants responsible for the formation of the heteromeric complex are still being studied. Enzymatic treatment with PI-PLC, a phospholipase C specific for the cleavage of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins, disrupted plasma membrane localization of the cardiac CaVα2δ1 prompting us to investigate deletions of its hydrophobic transmembrane domain...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491103/oleuropein-protects-cardiomyocyte-against-apoptosis-via-activating-the-reperfusion-injury-salvage-kinase-pathway-in-vitro
#7
Qiming Zhao, Yinliang Bai, Caie Li, Kun Yang, Wansheng Wei, Zhenzhen Li, Li Pan, Xiaoming Li, Xuanfen Zhang
Oleuropein, the main glycoside present in olives, has been reported to have cardioprotective effect, but the exact mechanism has not been clearly elucidated. This study attempted to clarify the cardioprotective effect of oleuropein against simulated ischemia/reperfusion- (SI/R-) induced cardiomyocyte injury in vitro and further explore the underlying mechanism. Here we confirmed that oleuropein reduced the cell injury in neonatal rat cardiomyocyte induced by SI/R evidenced by decreasing MTT dye reduction and LDH activity in the culture medium...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490365/differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-into-cardiomyocytes-is-regulated-by-mirna-1-2-via-wnt-signaling-pathway
#8
Xing Shen, Bo Pan, Huiming Zhou, Lingjuan Liu, Tiewei Lv, Jing Zhu, Xupei Huang, Jie Tian
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow derived stem cells (BMSCs) have the potential to differentiate into cardiomyocytes, but the rate of differentiation is low and the mechanism of differentiation is unclear completely. Here, we aimed to investigate the role of miR1-2 in differentiation of mouse BMSCs into cardiomyocyte-like cells and reveal the involved signaling pathways in the procedure. METHODS: Mouse BMSCs were treated with miR1-2 and 5-azacytine (5-aza). The expression of cardiac cell markers: NKx2...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486954/mir-486-regulates-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-by-p53-mediated-bcl-2-associated-mitochondrial-apoptotic-pathway
#9
Yuhan Sun, Qiang Su, Lang Li, Xiantao Wang, Yuanxi Lu, Jiabao Liang
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is a common pathological manifestation that occurs in several heart diseases. This study aimed to explore the mechanism of microRNA-486 (miR-486) in cardiomyocyte apoptosis by interfering with the p53-activated BCL-2 associated mitochondrial pathway. METHODS: miR-486 mimics and inhibitors were transfected into the primary cardiomyocytes of suckling Sprague-Dawley rat pups, and H2O2 was used to induce apoptosis. Flow cytometry and TUNEL were both used to detect cardiomyocyte apoptosis, while the relative mRNA transcript and protein levels of miR-486, p53, Bbc3, BCL-2, and cleaved caspase-3 were detected using RT-PCR and western blot analysis, respectively...
May 10, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484120/microrna-99a-reduces-lipopolysaccharide-induced-oxidative-injury-by-activating-notch-pathway-in-h9c2-cells
#10
Ran Jing, Zhengming Zhou, Feng Kuang, Lei Huang, Chuanchang Li
microRNA-99a (miR-99a) is recently recognized as a key regulator in various cancers and cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we sought to investigate the effects of miR-99a in rat cardiomyocyte H9c2 cells against oxidative injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS).MTT assay, reactive oxygen species (ROS) assay, flow cytometry and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay were respectively used to explore viability, ROS levels, apoptosis, and cell death in H9c2 cells. Quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was performed to confirm the expression of miR-99a...
May 8, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472020/obestatin-plays-beneficial-role-in-cardiomyocyte-injury-induced-by-ischemia-reperfusion-in-vivo-and-in-vitro
#11
Qin Zhang, Xin-Wei Dong, Jia-Ying Xia, Ke-Ying Xu, Zhe-Rong Xu
BACKGROUND Obestatin, primarily recognized as a peptide within the gastrointestinal system, has been shown to benefit the cardiovascular system. We designed this experiment to study the protective role and underlying mechanism of obestatin against ischemia-reperfusion(I/R) injury in myocardial cells. MATERIAL AND METHODS In an In vivo experiment, LAD was ligated for 0.5 h and then opened for reperfusion with obestatin for 24 h. Then, the infarction area was shown with TTC staining, and inflammation factors in serum were analyzed by qRT-PCR...
May 4, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464602/attenuation-of-high-glucose-induced-rat-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-by-exendin-4-via-intervention-of-ho-1-nrf-2-and-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#12
Shu-Mei Zhao, Hong-Li Gao, Yong-Liang Wang, Qing Xu, Chun-Yan Guo
Exendin-4, a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, demonstrated cytoprotective actions beyond glycemic control in recent studies. The aims of the present study were to investigate the effects of exendin-4 on high glucose (HG)-induced cardiomyocyte apoptosis and the possible mechanisms. Rat cardiomyocytes were divided into 3 groups: normal glucose group (NG group), HG group and HG +exendin-4 group (HG+Ex Group). Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was evaluated by double-staining with annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)/propidium iodide (PI) and flow cytometry...
April 30, 2017: Chinese Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446444/concurrent-isolation-of-three-distinct-cardiac-stem-cell-populations-from-a-single-human-heart-biopsy
#13
Megan M Monsanto, Kevin S White, Taeyong Kim, Bingyan J Wang, Kristina Fisher, Kelli Ilves, Farid G Khalafalla, Alexandria Casillas, Kathleen Broughton, Sadia Mohsin, Walter P Dembitsky, Mark A Sussman
Rationale: The relative actions and synergism between distinct myocardial-derived stem cell populations remains obscure. Ongoing debates regarding optimal cell population(s) for treatment of heart failure prompted implementation of a protocol for isolation of multiple stem cell populations from a single myocardial tissue sample to develop new insights for achieving myocardial regeneration. Objective: Establish a robust cardiac stem cell isolation and culture protocol to consistently generate three distinct stem cell populations from a single human heart biopsy...
April 26, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429857/ndufa4l2-protects-against-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction-by-inhibiting-complex-i
#14
Jianhua Li, Caiyan Bai, Junxia Guo, Wanqian Liang, Jingning Long
Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury may cause the apoptosis of cardiomyocytes as well as mitochondrial dysfunction. The aims of the present study were to investigate whether NADH dehydrogenase 1 alpha subcomplex subunit 4-like 2 (NDUFA4L2) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and the underlying molecular mechanism. The hypoxia-reperfusion (H/R) model was established in vitro using H9c2 cells to simulate I/R injury. NDUFA4L2 and complex I expression levels were detected using RT-PCR and western blot...
April 21, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425329/effects-of-erk1-2-signal-pathway-on-cardiomyocyte-during-glucose-lowering
#15
Xin Li, Hui Yuan, Qian Li, Zhenjie Sun, Jiajia Liu, Weihua Wu
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether the extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signal pathway affects cardiomyocyte apoptosis and the expression of tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) at different glucose-lowering rates. METHODS: Cardiomyocytes of Wistar neonate rats were maintained in a medium supplemented with 25 mmol/L glucosamine for 72 h. Then the medium was changed to different concentrations of glucosamine, and all cells were divided into five groups...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Receptor and Signal Transduction Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389356/combination-of-tanshinone-iia-and-astragaloside-iv-in-attenuating-hypoxia-induced-cardiomyocytes-injury-compatible-but-no-significant-advantage
#16
Dawei Wang, Yuntao Liu, Guofu Zhong, Yuanyuan Wang, Tong Zhang, Zhen Zhao, Xia Yan, Qing Liu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Herbal medicines are widely used in Asia as therapeutic agents for cardiovascular diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms for their efficacy are still unclear, especially in their compatibilities. AIM OF THE STUDY: We aimed to investigate the compatibility of two herb-derived compounds, Tanshinone IIA (TanIIA) and Astragaloside IV (AsIV) in cardiomyocyte with hypoxia-induced injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cultured cardiomyocytes were stimulated in hypoxia condition, in the absence or presence of the two herbal compounds, TanIIA and AsIV...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386372/thioredoxin-2-protects-against-oxygen-glucose-deprivation-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibiting-autophagy-and-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cardiomyocytes
#17
Yan-Yan Li, Yin Xiang, Song Zhang, Yan Wang, Jie Yang, Wei Liu, Feng-Tai Xue
The aim of this study is to examine the role of thioredoxin-2 (Trx2) in autophagy and apoptosis during myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in vitro. We employed the oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion (OGD/R) model of H9c2 cells and used lentiviral infection to overexpress Trx2. H9c2 cell viability and injury assays were conducted using a Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and alactate dehydrogenase (LDH) kit. The effects of Trx2 on autophagy and apoptosis were measured by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), western blot, and flow cytometry...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386289/sodium-tanshinone-iia-sulfonate-prevents-radiation-induced-toxicity-in-h9c2-cardiomyocytes
#18
Wenjing Zhang, Yi Li, Rui Li, Yaya Wang, Mengwen Zhu, Bowen Wang, Yanling Li, Dongyun Li, Ping Xie, Bin Liu
The present study was designed to elucidate the key parameters associated with X-ray radiation induced oxidative stress and the effects of STS on X-ray-induced toxicity in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Cytotoxicity of STS and radiation was assessed by MTT. Antioxidant activity was evaluated by SOD and MDA. Apoptosis was measured by the flow cytometry, Hoechst 33258, clonogenic survival assay, and western blot. It was found that the cell viability of H9c2 cells exposed to X-ray radiation was significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner and was associated with cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase as well as apoptosis...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384410/lingonberry-anthocyanins-protect-cardiac-cells-from-oxidative-stress-induced-apoptosis
#19
Cara K Isaak, Jay C Petkau, Heather Blewett, Karmin O, Yaw L Siow
Lingonberry grown in northern Manitoba, Canada, contains exceptionally high levels of anthocyanins and other polyphenols. Previous studies from our lab have shown that lingonberry anthocyanins can protect H9c2 cells from ischemia-reperfusion injury and anthocyanin-rich diets have been shown to be associated with decreased cardiovascular disease and mortality. Oxidative stress can impair function and trigger apoptosis in cardiomyocytes. This study investigated the protective effects of physiologically relevant doses of lingonberry extracts and pure anthocyanins against hydrogen-peroxide-induced cell death...
April 6, 2017: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352363/role-of-microrna-130a-in-myocardial-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury
#20
Hongyan Liu, Lei Huan, Jie Yin, Meiling Qin, Zengtang Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhang, Junye Zhang, Shu Wang
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of microRNA (miR)-130a in the pathogenesis of myocardial hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Primary rat cardiomyocytes were cultured and subjected to H/R treatment. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the levels of miR-130a, western blot analysis was used to determine the expression of various proteins, and CCK-8 assay was performed to determine cell viability. In addition, flow cytometry was used to assess apoptosis...
February 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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