Read by QxMD icon Read

cardiomyocytes and flow cytometry

Seyed Hadi Mousavi, Azar Hosseini, Elham Bakhtiari, Hassan Rakhshandeh
OBJECTIVE: Doxorubicin (DOX) is an effective anticancer drug but its clinical application is limited because it induces apoptosis in cardiomyocytes and leads to permanent degenerative cardiomyopathy and heart failure possibly due to oxidative stress. Recent studies showed that Capparis spinosa (C. spinose) exhibits potent antioxidant activity. So, in this study, we explored the protective effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of C. spinosa against DOX-induced cytotoxicity in H9c2 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability was quantified by MTT assay...
September 2016: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
Monika Kasztura, Magdalena Dzięgała, Kamil Kobak, Jacek Bania, Grzegorz Mazur, Waldemar Banasiak, Piotr Ponikowski, Ewa Anita Jankowska
: Background Iron is presumed to play an important role in functioning of cardiomyocytes and skeletal myocytes. There is scarcity of direct data characterizing the cells functioning when exposed to iron depletion or iron overload in cellular environment. There is some clinical evidence demonstrating that iron deficiency has serious negative prognostic consequence in heart failure (HF) patients and its correction brought clinical benefit. BACKGROUND: Iron is presumed to play an important role in functioning of cardiomyocytes and skeletal myocytes...
October 17, 2016: Kardiologia Polska
Yong Xie, Zhen-Jie Gu, Mao-Xiong Wu, Tu-Cheng Huang, Jing-Song Ou, Huiping-Son Ni, Mao-Huan Lin, Wo-Liang Yuan, Jing-Feng Wang, Yang-Xin Chen
AIMS: Adverse cardiovascular effects induced by peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) activation were observed in clinical setting. But the underlying mechanism is unclear. Now, transgenic mice with cardiac specific peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-γ overexpression (TG-PPAR-γ) were used to explore the possible mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cardiac tissues from TG-PPAR-γ mice, a PPAR-γ over-expressing human cardiomyocyte line AC16 cell, and PPAR-γ agonist-treated primary cardiomyocytes were used to evaluate the expression of cardiac calcium regulatory proteins as sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase, Na(+)/Ca(2+)exchanger 1, ryanodine receptor 2 and phospholamban...
October 13, 2016: Life Sciences
Bin Yang, Ping Yan, Hui Gong, Lin Zuo, Ying Shi, Jian Guo, Rui Guo, Jun Xie, Bao Li
Myocyte apoptosis is a key determinant of cardiac recovery and prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-like weak inducer of apoptosis (TWEAK), a member of TNF superfamily, is a pro-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic cytokine implicated in physiological tissue regeneration and wound repair and is closely related to cardiac remodeling, dysfunction and fibrosis. However, the role of TWEAK and its receptor Fn14 in the cardiomyocyte apoptosis is still poorly understood...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Ming-Ming Xi, Jing Liu, Liang Xie, Jian-Bin Gong
OBJECTIVE: To investigated the effects of bisoprolol pretreatment on hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced injury in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. METHODS: Cultured H9c2 cells were exposed to hypoxia for 6 h followed by reoxygenation for 2 h with or without pretreatments with bisoprolol or bisoprolol + LY294002. The cell survival was measured by MTT assay, and the cell apoptosis and levels of radical oxygen species (ROS) were evaluated with flow cytometry. The protein levels of phosphyorylated AKT and phosphorylated GSK3β in the cells were determined by Western blotting...
August 20, 2016: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Jing Yang, Yanping Wu, Yan Shen, Changren Zhou, Yi-Fang Li, Rong-Rong He, Mingxian Liu
Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) are natural aluminosilicates with unique hollow lumen structure, also having high specific area, good biocompatibility, nontoxicity, and low price. Here, we designed a chitosan oligosaccharide-grafted HNTs (HNTs-g-COS) as a doxorubicin (DOX) carrier for treating breast cancer both in vitro and in vivo. The structure of HNTs-g-COS was first characterized by various methods. HNTs-g-COS showed positively charged surface and improved hemocompatibility. DOX-loaded HNTs-g-COS (DOX@HNTs-g-COS) released in cell lysate in a controlled manner...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xu Yan, Jianxun Liu, Hongjin Wu, Yuna Liu, Sidao Zheng, Chengying Zhang, Cui Yang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ginsenoside Rb1 (GS-Rb1) is one of the most important active pharmacological extracts of the Traditional Chinese Medicine ginseng, with extensive evidence of its cardioprotective properties. Mir-208 has been shown to act as a biomarker of acute myocardial infarction in vivo studies including man. However the impact of miR-208 on the protective effect of GS-Rb1 in hypoxia/ischemia injured cardiomyocytes remains unclear. The current study aims to investigate the target gene of miR-208 and the impact on the protective effect of GS-Rb1 in hypoxia/ischemia (H/I) injuried cardiomyocytes...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Yongbin Wang, Weiqiang Kang, Xu Wang, Meina Chen, Qiaoji Qin, Minglei Guo, Zhiming Ge
BACKGROUND Persistent atrial fibrillation has been indicated to be related with microRNA-28b. However, the exact role of microRNA-28b in persistent atrial fibrillation needs to be further elucidated. Therefore, this study aimed to establish a rat model of persistent atrial fibrillation to investigate the level of microRNA-28b in atrial myocytes and to explore the molecular mechanism involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS A persistent atrial fibrillation model was established in rats by using chronic rapid atrial pacing induction...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Longwei Hu, Jing Han, Xi Yang, Yang Wang, Hongya Pan, Liqun Xu
Zoledronate is one of the most potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates which has been demonstrated to result in osteoblast apoptosis and impact osteogenic differentiation in vitro. This effect of Zoledronate on osteoblasts may partially explain bisphosphonate‑associated osteonecrosis of the jaw, a serious complication associated with treatment with bisphosphonates. Apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain (ARC) is a multifunctional inhibitor of apoptosis that is physiologically expressed predominantly in post‑mitotic cells such as cardiomyocytes, neurons and skeletal muscle cells...
October 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Qifang Liu, Yongjin Wang, Tianlun Yang, Wu Wei
It has been previously demonstrated that microRNA (miR)-25 plays critical roles in collagen deposition. Ischemia/reperfusion injury to the myocardium results in fibrosis and collagen deposition. However, whether miR-25 is involved in the development of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)‑induced fibrosis in cardiomyocytes or not remains largely unknown. For this purpose, in the present study, cardiomyocyte H9c2 cells were subjected to H/R. The techniques of flow cytometry, western blot analysis and RT-qPCR were used and we observed increases in the cell apoptosis rate and fibrosis as well as blocking of the cell cycle in the G1 phase...
October 2016: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Jingjia Han, Ximei Qian, Qingling Wu, Rajneesh Jha, Jinshuai Duan, Zhou Yang, Kevin O Maher, Shuming Nie, Chunhui Xu
Human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) are a promising cell source for regenerative medicine, but their derivatives need to be rigorously evaluated for residual stem cells to prevent teratoma formation. Here, we report the development of novel surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based assays that can detect trace numbers of undifferentiated hPSCs in mixed cell populations in a highly specific, ultra-sensitive, and time-efficient manner. By targeting stem cell surface markers SSEA-5 and TRA-1-60 individually or simultaneously, these SERS assays were able to identify as few as 1 stem cell in 10(6) cells, a sensitivity (0...
October 2016: Biomaterials
T-J Xu, Y Liu, P Li, X L Xu, J R Zeng
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated whether insulin and selenium in combination (In/Se) suppresses cardiomyocyte apoptosis and whether this protection is mediated by Cbl-b regulating p38MAPK/CBP/Ku70 pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Firstly, H9c2 cardiomyocytes were treatment with high glucose (25 mmol/L) and palmitate (600 μmol/L) (HG/Pal). Next, H9c2 cardiomyocytes were treatment with HG/Pal+In/Se (10 nmol/L Insulin in combination with 10 nmol/L selenium)...
July 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Chao Zhang, Xiaojuan Liu, Chi Zhang, Jingjing Li, Wanwan Guo, Daliang Yan, Chen Yang, Jianhua Zhao, Xiang Wu, Jiahai Shi
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyocyte apoptosis after myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR) blocks the recovery of cardiac function during revascularization treatment. Protein synthesis mediated by eukaryotic elongation factor 2 (eEF2) is vital for the recovery of MIR. eEF2 promotes peptide elongation without phosphorylation of itself. However, the exact function of eEF2 during MIR is unknown. METHODS: We used suture tie-down of left coronary artery (LCA) to induce MIR in vivo, which was confirmed by electrocardiography and Evan's blue/triphenyltetrazolium chloride double staining...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
Laura Bloch, Bernadin Ndongson-Dongmo, Angelika Kusch, Duska Dragun, Regine Heller, Otmar Huber
Hypertrophic growth is a response of the heart to increased mechanical load or physiological stress. Thereby, cardiomyocytes grow in length and/or width to maintain cardiac pump function. Major signaling pathways involved in cardiomyocyte growth and remodeling have been identified during recent years including calcineurin-NFAT and PI3K-Akt signaling. Modulation of these pathways is of certain interest for therapeutic treatment of cardiac hypertrophy. However, quantification and characterization of hypertrophy in response to different stimuli or modulators is difficult...
October 2016: Cytotechnology
Xiaotong Feng, Yanwei Luo, Yongqiang Ma, Ying Zhao, Qian Zhao, Wenjie Ji, Yuming Li, Xin Zhou
Objective To observe the dynamic changes of the circulating monocyte subsets in C57BL/6 mice fed with high-NaCl diet. Methods Male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into three groups: 9, 40 and 80 g/L NaCl groups. Before the treatment and 4, 8 and 12 weeks after the treatment, the cardiac function was dynamically determined by echocardiography and the blood pressure was measured by tail-cuff plethysmography. Flow cytometry analysis of circulating monocyte subsets was performed. HE staining was used to observe cardiac pathological changes at the time of sacrifice...
June 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Tianjiao Xu, Yong Liu, Yating Deng, Jin Meng, Ping Li, Xiaoli Xu, Jurong Zeng
Objective To investigate the effect of insulin in combination with selenium on p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase/CREB-binding protein (p38MAPK/CBP) pathway in rats with diabetic cardiomyopathy. Methods Fifty SD rats were randomly grouped into control group, diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) group, diabetic cardiomyopathy with insulin treatment (DCM-In) group, diabetic cardiomyopathy with selenium treatment (DCM-Se) group, and diabetic cardiomyopathy with insulin and selenium combination treatment (DCM-In-Se) group...
July 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
J Q Xu, B Chen, H X Hu, R C Yue, S Zhang, L Xu, H Wang, Q Li, C Y Tan, H Y Chen, R Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of lycopene on primary cultured neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes with hypoxia/reoxgenation (H/R) injury and explore related mechanism. METHODS: Primary cultured neonatal mouse cardiomyocytes were randomly divided to control group (control); lycopene group (5 μmol/L, lyc); H/R group (4 hours hypoxia followed by 6 hours reoxgenation); lycopene+ H/R group (lyc+ H/R, the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 5 μmol/L lycopene for 4 hours before H/R treatment)...
June 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
D-X Zhang, D-Y Ma, Z-Q Yao, C-Y Fu, Y-X Shi, Q-L Wang, Q-Q Tang
OBJECTIVE: Numerous studies have demonstrated that Doxorubicin (DOX) induces cardiomyocyte apoptosis, which is associated with DOX-induced acute and chronic cardiotoxicity. DOX activated ERP1/2 and NF-KB signals has been linked to DOX-induced apoptosis and cardiotoxicity. However, the underlying mechanisms responsible for DOX-induced apoptosis have not been completely elucidated. In this study, we determine whether both ERK1/2/p53-dependent and NF-κB dependent-PUMA activation was related to DOX-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells...
June 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Huikuan Gao, Fei Hou, Ruiqing Dong, Zefeng Wang, Can Zhao, Wurina Tang, Yongquan Wu
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac cell apoptosis plays a crucial role in the progression of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Recent studies have shown that fasudil, a Rho-kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, inhibits cardiac cell apoptosis; however, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. AIM: This study aimed to investigate whether fasudil protects H9c2 cells from high glucose-induced apoptosis via activation of autophagy. METHODS: Rat cardiomyocyte H9c2 cells were treated with high glucose and used as a diabetic cardiomyopathy model...
October 2016: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
Yunle Wang, Jiabao Liu, Zhiwen Tao, Peng Wu, Weili Cheng, Yingqiang Du, Ningtian Zhou, Yingbin Ge, Zhijian Yang
BACKGROUND: Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is widely known as a protective factor in ischemic myocardium, however HGF sensitive cellular mechanism remained ill-defined. Autophagy at early stage of hypoxia has been demonstrated to play a role in protecting myocardium both in vivo and vitro. We performed this study to investigate the association between the protective effect of HGF and autophagy. METHODS: Ventricular myocytes were isolated from neonatal rat heart (NRVMs)...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"