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cardiomyocytes and flow cytometry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221138/gas-signaling-molecule-hydrogen-sulfide-attenuates-doxorubicin-induced-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#1
Zongliang Yu, Wei Zhang, Mengyao Zhang, Mengchao Jin, Weiting Xu, Xiang Zhou
Increasing evidence has revealed that hydrogen sulfide (H2S) has beneficial effects in the treatment of various cardiovascular diseases. However, whether H2S can attenuate the development of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) remains unclear. In this study, we generated a rat model of DCM induced by doxorubicin and investigated the protective effects of H2S against DCM. Cardiac structure and function were analyzed by two-dimensional echocardiography. Oxidative stress was evaluated by measuring malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase, glutathione peroxidase and reactive oxygen species...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216265/oct4-expression-mediates-partial-cardiomyocyte-reprogramming-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#2
Gustavo Yannarelli, Natalia Pacienza, Sonia Montanari, Diego Santa-Cruz, Sowmya Viswanathan, Armand Keating
Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) are in numerous cell therapy clinical trials, including for injured myocardium. Acquisition of cardiomyocyte characteristics by MSCs may improve cardiac regeneration but the mechanisms regulating this process are unclear. Here, we investigated whether the pluripotency transcription factor OCT4 is involved in the activation of cardiac lineage genetic programs in MSCs. We employed our established co-culture model of MSCs with rat embryonic cardiomyocytes showing co-expression of cardiac markers on MSCs independent of cell fusion...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208259/the-role-of-a-novel-long-noncoding-rna-tuc40-in-cardiomyocyte-induction-and-maturation-in-p19-cells
#3
Huijuan Li, Li Jiang, Zhangbin Yu, Shuping Han, Xuehua Liu, Mengmeng Li, Chun Zhu, Lixing Qiao, Li Huang
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, TUC40-, a new long noncoding RNA, was found to be overexpressed in human ventricular septal defect (VSD) embryonic heart samples. In this article, we carried out experiments on the P19 cell line to elucidate the effects of TUC40- overexpression on cardiomyocyte development relevant to VSD pathogenesis. METHODS: We established the overexpression cell model by plasmid transfection, and explored the expression profile of Pbx1, the sense gene of TUC40-, and the marker genes of cardiomyocyte linage commitment (Nkx2...
December 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179205/overexpression-of-timp3-protects-against-cardiac-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-by-inhibiting-myocardial-apoptosis-through-ros-mapks-pathway
#4
Hui Liu, Xibo Jing, Aiqiao Dong, Baobao Bai, Haiyan Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remains a great challenge in clinical therapy. Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases 3 (TIMP3) plays a crucial role in heart physiological and pathophysiological processes. However, the effects of TIMP3 on I/R injury remain unknown. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were infected with TIMP3 adenovirus by local delivery in myocardium followed by I/R operation or doxorubicin treatment. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were pretreated with TIMP3 adenovirus prior to anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) treatment in vitro...
November 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179175/novel-functional-role-of-heat-shock-protein-90-in-mitochondrial-connexin-43-mediated-hypoxic-postconditioning
#5
Rong-Hui Tu, Qing-Jie Li, Zheng Huang, Yan He, Jian-Jun Meng, Hui-Lei Zheng, Zhi-Yu Zeng, Guo-Qiang Zhong
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies have shown that heat shock protein 90 (HSP90)-mediated mitochondrial import of connexin 43 (Cx43) is critical in preconditioning cardioprotection. The present study was designed to test whether postconditioning has the same effect as preconditioning in promoting Cx43 translocation to mitochondria and whether mitochondrial HSP90 modulates this effect. METHODS: Cellular models of hypoxic postconditioning (HPC) from rat heart-derived H9c2 cells and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were employed...
November 27, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175072/capsaicin-prevents-mitochondrial-damage-protects-cardiomyocytes-subjected-to-anoxia-reoxygenation-injury-mediated-by-14-3-3%C3%AE-bcl-2
#6
Jiyi Huang, Zhantu Liu, Ping Xu, Zeyu Zhang, Dong Yin, Jichun Liu, Huan He, Ming He
Capsaicin(Cap) is an active component of chili peppers that is extracted from capsicum plants. Recent studies have reported that Cap can ameliorate myocardial ischemia/reperfusion(I/R) injury. Mitochondria play an important role in pathways of apoptosis induced by myocardial I/R injury. However, the underlying mechanisms of Cap that improve mitochondrial function during I/R injury is not yet understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether Cap regained normal mitochondrial function in myocardial I/R injury, and to further explore the underlying mechanisms of action involved...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166707/-establishment-of-myocardial-targeted-nanoparticles-and-preliminary-evaluation-of-its-effects-on-prevention-and-treatment-of-myocardial-injury
#7
Y Y Liu, C Wang, P F Luo, Z F Xia
Objective: To establish 3-{4-[2-hydroxyl-(1-methylethylamino) propoxy] phenyl} propionic acid cetylesters (PAC) modified nanoparticles, and preliminarily explore its cardiomyocyte-targeting function and protection effects on myocardium. Methods: (1) HL-1 myocardial cells were divided into cyanidin-3 (Cy3) marked non-targeted small interference RNA (Cy3-siNC) group and Cy3 marked small interference RNA designed for the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB)-p65 gene (Cy3-si435) group according to the random number table, with 3 wells in each group...
November 20, 2017: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115535/jujuboside-a-attenuates-norepinephrine-induced-apoptosis-of-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-by-modulating-mapk-and-akt-signaling-pathways
#8
Chang-Rong Wan, Dan-Dan Han, Jian-Qin Xu, Peng Yin, Xiao-Long Xu, Chen Mei, Feng-Hua Liu, Zhao-Fei Xia
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis is closely associated with the pathogenesis of heart failure. Jujuboside A (JUA) is a type of saponin isolated from the seeds of Zizyphus jujuba. In traditional Chinese medicine, it is believed that JUA possesses multiple biological effects, including antianxiety, antioxidant and anti‑inflammatory activities. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of JUA on norepinephrine (NE)‑induced apoptosis of H9c2 cells and to investigate its underlying mechanisms. Rat H9c2 cardiomyocytes were pretreated with JUA and were then exposed to NE as an in vitro model of myocardial apoptosis...
November 2, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115425/the-hmgb1%C3%A2-il%C3%A2-17a-axis-contributes-to-hypoxia-reoxygenation-injury-via-regulation-of-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-and-autophagy
#9
Xiaorong Hu, Kai Zhang, Zhiqiang Chen, Hong Jiang, Weipan Xu
Both the high‑mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) and interleukin (IL)‑17A serve important roles in myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether HMGB1 could induce IL‑17A secretion and lead to cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) injury. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were treated with HMGB1‑neutralizing antibody, IL‑17A‑neutralizing antibody, recombinant HMGB1 (rHMGB1) and recombinant IL‑17A (rIL‑17A), respectively. Cell viabilities, lactate dehydrogenase and creatine kinase levels were measured...
October 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104640/penehyclidine-hydrochloride-post-conditioning-reduces-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-in-rats
#10
Hongbao Tan, Li Chen, Jun Ma
Ischemic heart disease is a major cause of mortality and disability worldwide. Timely reperfusion is currently the most effective method of treating ischemic heart disease; however, abrupt reperfusion may cause ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Apoptosis serves an important role in the progression of myocardial I/R injury and it has been demonstrated that the mitochondria are the center of regulation for apoptosis. Penehyclidine hydrochloride (PHC) is used during surgery and has recently been identified as a new type of anticholinergic drug...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101802/corin-protects-h2o2-induced-apoptosis-through-pi3k-akt-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway-in-cardiomyocytes
#11
Yansong Li, Jingwen Xia, Nianxin Jiang, Yuqiong Xian, Haining Ju, Yong Wei, Xuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: The functional role of corin in H2O2-induced apoptosis is largely unexplored. The present study investigated the protective role of corin against cell injury by possible involvement of PI3K/AKT and NF-kB signaling pathways in cardiomyocytes. METHOD: Cardiomyocytes H9c2 and HL-1 cells were used in the study. Cell viability was measured using CCK-8 assay; cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry, TUNEL assay, and western blot; and cell migration was measured using wound healing assay...
November 1, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089467/suppression-of-stim1-reduced-intracellular-calcium-concentration-and-attenuated-hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cells
#12
Fei He, Qianfu Wu, Banglong Xu, Xiaocheng Wang, Jixiong Wu, Li Huang, Jing Cheng
Objective: Previous studies have demonstrated STIM1-mediated store-operated Ca(2+) entry(SOCE) contributes to intracellular Ca(2+) accumulation. The present study aimed to investigate the expression of STIM1 and Orai1/TRPC1 in the context of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury(MIRI) and the effect of STIM1 inhibition on Ca(2+) accumulation and apoptosis in H9c2 cardiomyocytes subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation(H/R). Methods: Expression of STIM1/Orai1/TRPC1 was determined by RT-PCR and Western Blot in mice subjected to MIRI and H9C2 cardiomyocytes subjected to H/R...
October 31, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078258/effects-of-mir-23b-on-hypoxia-induced-cardiomyocytes-apoptosis
#13
Weilai He, Hong Che, Chaolong Jin, Shenglin Ge
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of miR-23b in hypoxic cardiomyocytes and the potential mechanism. METHODS: Myocardial samples of patients with cyanotic or acyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD) were collected to evaluate miR-23b expression. Agomir or antagomir of miR-23b was transfected into H9C2 cells. MTT, LDH assay and TUNEL staining were used to determine the cell proliferation and apoptosis under hypoxic conditions. Besides, the expression levels of cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-PARP, Bad, Bcl-2 and Bax in hypoxic H9C2 cells were determined by western blot and qRT-PCR, respectively...
October 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076429/salvianolate-blocks-apoptosis-during-myocardial-infarction-by-down-regulating-mir-122-5p
#14
Jingyang Lin, Xiaochun Zheng
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have provided evidence that microRNAs (miRNAs), as a potential biomarker, were involved in the regulation of gene expression in Myocardial Infarction (MI). This study was aim to highlight the role of salvianolate on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in MI. METHODS: Anterior descending branch of left coronary artery was ligated to set up MI model. miR-122-5p mimic was transfected into cardiomyocytes and verified by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR)...
October 26, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067106/role-of-blocking-adam10-hydrolysis-site-on-n-cadherin-by-single-chain-antibody-in-ventricular-remodeling
#15
Xiaoou Li, Wei Huang, Bing He, Lirong Zhou, Xiaogang Huang, Baozhen Yao
The present study aimed to investigate the roles of the hydrolytic process of N-cadherin by A disintegrin and metalloproteases 10 (ADAM10) in sustaining myocardial structure and integrity, and discuss the mechanisms of ventricular remodeling in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Single chain variable fragment antibody (ScFv) with the ability to specifically block the ADAM10 hydrolysis site of N-cadherin was designed and constructed. Western blot analysis and flow cytometry were used to detect the expression of N-cadherin and its C-terminal fragment 1 (CTF1) on cardiomyocytes, and cells were also subjected to a cell adhesion assay...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980287/inducible-mir-145-expression-by-hif-1%C3%AE-protects-cardiomyocytes-against-apoptosis-via-regulating-sgk1-in-simulated-myocardial-infarction-hypoxic-microenvironment
#16
Nianzi Sun, Fanyan Meng, Ning Xue, Guanghui Pang, Qingxin Wang, Hongliang Ma
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is partly due to myocardial cell damage caused by hypoxia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been proved to be closely related to the development and progression of many cardiovascular diseases. This study investigated the role of miR-145 in cardiomyocytes under hypoxic condition. METHODS: The quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was performed to test miR-145 expression in H9c2 cells with HIF-1α abnormal expression under hypoxic condition...
October 5, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966308/vitamin-e-reversed-apoptosis-of-cardiomyocytes-induced-by-exposure-to-high-dose-formaldehyde-during-mice-pregnancy
#17
Dongyuan Wu, Zhirong Jiang, Bing Gong, Yue Dou, Mingxuan Song, Xiaoxia Song, Yu Tian
In this study, we investigated the protection effect of Vitamin E (Vit E) on formaldehyde (FA) exposure during pregnancy induced apoptosis of cardiomyocytes, and used an HL-1 cell line to confirmed the findings in vivo.Pregnant mice received different doses of FA (0.5 mg/kg, 1.0 mg/kg, 1.5 mg/kg, 0.1 μg Vit E, or 1.5 mg/kg + 0.1 μg Vit E). TUNEL staining was used to reveal the apoptosis in cardiomyocytes, and SOD, MDA, GSH, Livin, and Caspase-3 in cardiomyocytes were detected by ELISA, RT-PCR, and Western blot...
October 21, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962583/engineering-human-ventricular-heart-muscles-based-on-a-highly-efficient-system-for-purification-of-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-ventricular-cardiomyocytes
#18
Bin Li, Hui Yang, Xiaochen Wang, Yongkun Zhan, Wei Sheng, Huanhuan Cai, Haoyang Xin, Qianqian Liang, Ping Zhou, Chao Lu, Ruizhe Qian, Sifeng Chen, Pengyuan Yang, Jianyi Zhang, Weinian Shou, Guoying Huang, Ping Liang, Ning Sun
BACKGROUND: Most infarctions occur in the left anterior descending coronary artery and cause myocardium damage of the left ventricle. Although current pluripotent stem cells (PSCs) and directed cardiac differentiation techniques are able to generate fetal-like human cardiomyocytes, isolation of pure ventricular cardiomyocytes has been challenging. For repairing ventricular damage, we aimed to establish a highly efficient purification system to obtain homogeneous ventricular cardiomyocytes and prepare engineered human ventricular heart muscles in a dish...
September 29, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962142/effects-of-selenium-on-myocardial-apoptosis-by-modifying-the-activity-of-mitochondrial-stat3-and-regulating-potassium-channel-expression
#19
Changjiang Zhang, Yinzhi Deng, Yuhua Lei, Jingbo Zhao, Wen Wei, Yuanhong Li
The present study investigated the effects of myocardial mitochondrial signal transduction and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), succinate dehydrogenase activity and changes of potassium channel expression on cardiomyocyte apoptosis under low selenium conditions. Primary cultured cardiomyocytes from neonatal mice were divided into the non-toxic control group (0.1 µM sodium selenite) and low selenium treatment group (0.05 µM sodium selenite) according to different selenium concentrations. The expression of mitochondrial STAT3, p-STAT3, p-Kv1...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935038/bone-marrow-derived-tenascin-c-attenuates-cardiac-hypertrophy-by-controlling-inflammation
#20
Lei Song, Lai Wang, Fuqiang Li, Ada Yukht, Minghui Qin, Haley Ruther, Mingjie Yang, Aurelio Chaux, Prediman K Shah, Behrooz G Sharifi
BACKGROUND: Tenascin-C (TNC) is a highly conserved matricellular protein with a distinct expression pattern during development and disease. Remodeling of the left ventricle (LV) in response to pressure overload leads to the re-expression of the fetal gene program. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the function of TNC in cardiac hypertrophy in response to pressure overload. METHODS: Pressure overload was induced in TNC knockout and wild-type mice by constricting their abdominal aorta or by infusion of angiotensin II...
September 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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