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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775870/adverse-and-adaptive-childhood-experiences-are-associated-with-parental-reflective-functioning-in-mothers-with-substance-use-disorder
#1
Ulrika Håkansson, Reidulf Watten, Kerstin Söderström, Finn Skårderud, Merete Glenne Øie
Mothers with a substance use disorder (SUD) are at risk for maladaptive parenting practices, and have heightened likelihood of having experienced childhood adversity themselves. In addition, parental reflective functioning (PRF), a capacity underlying sensitive caregiving, is often low in mothers with SUD. This study examines the relationship between PRF and aversive (emotional, physical, sexual abuse and neglect) and adaptive (safety and competence) experiences, in different developmental phases (early childhood, latency, and adolescence) in mothers with a SUD...
May 15, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774777/current-research-status-of-palliative-care-in-mainland-china
#2
Tao Wang, Alex Molassiotis, Betty Pui Man Chung, Jing-Yu Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to obtain an overview of the current research status of palliative care in Mainland China and identify research directions for future studies by characterizing palliative care studies conducted among patients with any life-limiting illness in Mainland China and published in a peer-reviewed journal before November 2016. METHODS: A review guide with 7 categories was initially developed based on existing international palliative care definitions and guidelines through content analysis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774627/changes-in-eating-disorder-characteristics-over-the-years
#3
Michel Probst, Kärt Kürsa, Tine Van Damme, Jolien Diedens, Johan Vanderlinden
Since 1980, the diagnostic criteria of patients with eating disorders (ED) have changed over the years. Are these changes also expressed in the clinical features of the ED patients? A cross-sectional sample was drawn consisting of 100 consecutive female patients' files diagnosed with anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) and bulimia nervosa and admitted at an inpatient unit from the first of January 1990, 2000, and 2010, respectively. Several reliable and well-validated questionnaires (Eating Disorder Inventory, Body Attitude Test, Symptom Checklist, and the Beck Depression Inventory) were administered and scores were compared...
May 17, 2018: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773960/checklist-of-bees-hymenoptera-apoidea-from-managed-emergent-wetlands-in-the-lower-mississippi-alluvial-valley-of-arkansas
#4
Phillip L Stephenson, Terry L Griswold, Michael S Arduser, Ashley P G Dowling, David G Krementz
Background: Here we present the results from a two-year bee survey conducted on 18 managed emergent wetlands in the lower Mississippi Alluvial Valley of Arkansas, USA. Sample methods included pan traps, sweep netting and blue-vane traps. We document 83 bee species and morphospecies in 5 families and 31 genera, of which 37 species represent first published state records for Arkansas. The majority of species were opportunistic wetland species; only a small number were wetland-dependent species or species largely restricted to alluvial plains...
2018: Biodiversity Data Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773355/pain-assessment-and-management-by-nurses-in-a-geriatric-setting-discrepancies-between-guidelines-and-documented-practice
#5
Irit Shahar, Gad Mendelson, Shlomit Gerbi, Merav Ben Natan
Pain is a common subjective symptom among older adults in general and among older adult residents in long-term geriatric facilities in particular. Pain diminishes older adults' quality of life and may impair their ability to recover from various illnesses. Therefore, the Israeli Ministry of Health has issued guidelines on effectively assessing and treating pain in this population. To examine discrepancies between the Ministry of Health's pain assessment guidelines and documented practice by nursing staff at a long-term geriatric care facility and whether these discrepancies correlate to characteristics of the nurses, the wards, and the patients' characteristics...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773354/the-relaxation-response-resiliency-program-3rp-in-patients-with-headache-and-musculoskeletal-pain-a-retrospective-analysis-of-clinical-data
#6
Adam Gonzalez, Minjung Shim, Brittain Mahaffey, Ana-Maria Vranceanu, Anthony Reffi, Elyse R Park
Headache and musculoskeletal pain are associated with both physical and mental health symptoms, which together are mutually reinforcing. Addressing mental and physical health symptoms (including pain) concomitantly may provide an effective and efficient way to improve outcomes in this population. We tested an evidence-based, eight-session multimodal group program, the Relaxation Response Resiliency Program (3RP), in patients with headache and musculoskeletal pain. A total of 109 adults (30 with headaches, 79 with musculoskeletal pain)...
May 14, 2018: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773309/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-patients-who-rule-out-versus-rule-in-for-acute-coronary-syndrome
#7
Ian M Kronish, Donald Edmondson, Nathalie Moise, Bernard P Chang, Ying Wei, David Lopez Veneros, William Whang
OBJECTIVE: Many patients who present to the emergency department (ED) with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to the experience. Less is known about risk for PTSD in patients who rule out for ACS. Our objective was to compare the risk of developing PTSD among patients who rule out versus rule in for ACS. METHODS: We enrolled a consecutive sample of 1000 patients presenting to an emergency department (ED) with symptoms of a probable ACS...
May 14, 2018: General Hospital Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772483/the-influence-of-deployment-stress-and-life-stress-on-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-diagnosis-among-military-personnel
#8
Janeese A Brownlow, Gerard A Zitnik, Carmen P McLean, Philip R Gehrman
There is increasing recognition that traumatic stress encountered throughout life, including those prior to military service, can put individuals at increased risk for developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this study was to examine the association of both traumatic stress encountered during deployment, and traumatic stress over one's lifetime on probable PTSD diagnosis. Probable PTSD diagnosis was compared between military personnel deployed in Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF; N = 21,499) and those who have recently enlisted (N = 55,814), using data obtained from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772118/proms-for-pain-in-adult-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties
#9
REVIEW
Asma A Abahussin, Robert M West, David C Wong, Lucy E Ziegler
CONTEXT: Pain is one of the most devastating symptoms for cancer patients. One-third of patients who experience pain do not receive effective treatment. A key barrier to effective pain management is lack of routine measurement and monitoring of pain. Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) are recommended for measuring cancer pain. However, evidence to guide the selection of the most appropriate measure to identify and monitor cancer pain is limited. A systematic review of measurement properties of PROMs for pain in cancer patients is needed to identify the best validated measure for adoption to an electronic platform...
May 17, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771817/high-value-cost-conscious-communication-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-education-validity-evidence-for-scores-derived-from-two-standardized-patient-scenarios
#10
Neena Natt, Stephanie R Starr, Darcy A Reed, Yoon Soo Park, Liselotte N Dyrbye, Andrea N Leep Hunderfund
INTRODUCTION: Training in high-value, cost-conscious care (HVCCC) is increasingly being incorporated into medical school curricula, but students may have limited opportunities to engage patients in HVCCC conversations. The aim of this study was to develop two standardized patient scenarios with associated checklists, hypothesizing that resulting scores would allow for valid formative assessments of HVCCC communication skills. METHODS: Scenarios were designed to generate a less-is-more conversation (in response to a patient requesting an unnecessary test) and a shared decision-making conversation (in response to a patient choosing between multiple effective treatment options)...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771812/a-method-for-functional-task-alignment-analysis-of-an-arthrocentesis-simulator
#11
Reid A Adams, Gregory E Gilbert, Lisa A Buckley, Rodolfo Nino Fong, I Carmen Fuentealba, Erika L Little
INTRODUCTION: During simulation-based education, simulators are subjected to procedures composed of a variety of tasks and processes. Simulators should functionally represent a patient in response to the physical action of these tasks. The aim of this work was to describe a method for determining whether a simulator does or does not have sufficient functional task alignment (FTA) to be used in a simulation. METHODS: Potential performance checklist items were gathered from published arthrocentesis guidelines and aggregated into a performance checklist using Lawshe's method...
May 16, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771797/measuring-in-hospital-recovery-after-colorectal-surgery-within-a-well-established-enhanced-recovery-pathway-a-comparison-between-hospital-length-of-stay-and-time-to-readiness-for-discharge
#12
Saba Balvardi, Nicolò Pecorelli, Tanya Castelino, Petru Niculiseanu, A Sender Liberman, Patrick Charlebois, Barry Stein, Franco Carli, Nancy E Mayo, Liane S Feldman, Julio F Fiore
BACKGROUND: Hospital length of stay is often used as a measure of in-hospital recovery but may be confounded by organizational factors. Time to readiness for discharge may provide a superior index of recovery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to contribute evidence for the construct validity of time to readiness for discharge and length of stay as measures of in-hospital recovery after colorectal surgery in the context of a well-established enhanced recovery pathway...
May 15, 2018: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771615/risk-and-protective-factors-for-intimate-partner-violence-against-women-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-prospective-longitudinal-studies
#13
Alexa R Yakubovich, Heidi Stöckl, Joseph Murray, G J Melendez-Torres, Janina I Steinert, Calla E Y Glavin, David K Humphreys
BACKGROUND: The estimated lifetime prevalence of physical or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) is 30% among women worldwide. Understanding risk and protective factors is essential for designing effective prevention strategies. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the associations between prospective-longitudinal risk and protective factors and IPV and identify evidence gaps. SEARCH METHODS: We conducted systematic searches in 16 databases including MEDLINE and PsycINFO from inception to June 2016...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770959/ten-years-of-the-surgical-safety-checklist
#14
T G Weiser, A B Haynes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769836/a-revision-of-the-cleptoparasitic-bee-genus-epeolus-latreille-for-nearctic-species-north-of-mexico-hymenoptera-apidae
#15
Thomas M Onuferko
Herein, the cleptoparasitic (cuckoo) bee genus Epeolus (Hymenoptera: Apidae) is revised for species occurring in North America, north of Mexico, and an updated checklist of all species known to occur in Canada and the United States of America is provided with comprehensive descriptions, diagnoses, and a single dichotomous key (using the same couplets for both sexes) to aid in their identification. To increase their recognition among North American naturalists, English common names are also proposed for all North American Epeolus ...
2018: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769073/measuring-bothersome-menopausal-symptoms-development-and-validation-of-the-menoscores-questionnaire
#16
Kamma Sundgaard Lund, Volkert Dirk Siersma, Karl Bang Christensen, Frans Boch Waldorff, John Brodersen
BACKGROUND: The experience of menopausal symptoms is common and an adequate patient-reported outcome measure is crucial in studies where women are treated for these symptoms. The aims of this study were to identify a patient-reported outcome measure for bothersome menopausal symptoms and, in the absence of an adequate tool, to develop a new measure with high content validity, and to validate it using modern psychometric methods. METHODS: The literature was reviewed for existing questionnaires and checklists for bothersome menopausal symptoms...
May 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768277/the-brief-sexual-symptom-checklist-as-a-screening-tool-for-sex-related-problems-in-the-primary-care-setting-focus-on-erectile-dysfunction
#17
Javier Romero Otero, Borja García Gómez, José Medina Polo, Esther García Rojo, Eduardo García Cruz, Francois Peinado, Raquel Sopeña Sutil, Giorgio Bozzini, Alfredo Rodríguez Antolín
PURPOSE: To assess the performance of the Brief Sexual Symptom Checklist for men (BSSC-M) questionnaire in General Practitioner's (GP) consults in Spain. METHODS: Multicenter, cross-sectional study conducted in Spain among men ≥50 years, visiting a GP for any reason, and being able to answer self-administered questionnaires. Patients receiving medicines for erectile dysfunction (ED) and those with poor functional status were excluded. Sexual satisfaction was assessed by the BSSC-M, ED by the Sexual Health Inventory for Men (SHIM), and quality of life (QoL) using a 5-point Likert scale...
May 16, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767218/management-of-emotionally-challenging-responses-of-hospitalized-patients-with-cancer
#18
Yelena Burklin, Daniel P Hunt
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the United States, and the majority of hospital admissions of patients with cancer occur because of uncontrolled, urgent symptoms. In addition to complex physical presentations, these patients often manifest a number of complex emotional and psychological responses resulting in a unique set of healthcare needs and expectations. Inpatient generalists or hospitalists frequently serve as the primary providers of medical care for these patients. Formal training for nononcologists on effective communication strategies in managing patients with cancer in a hospital setting may not fully prepare generalists for challenging patient encounters, however...
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766543/assessing-preschoolers-interactive-behaviour-a-validation-study-of-the-coding-system-for-mother-child-interaction
#19
R Baiao, J Baptista, A Carneiro, R Pinto, C Toscano, P Fearon, I Soares, A R Mesquita
BACKGROUND: The preschool years are a period of great developmental achievements, which impact critically on a child's interactive skills. Having valid and reliable measures to assess interactive behaviour at this stage is therefore crucial. The aim of this study was to describe the adaptation and validation of the child coding of the Coding System for Mother-Child Interactions and discuss its applications and implications in future research and practice. METHODS: Two hundred twenty Portuguese preschoolers and their mothers were videotaped during a structured task...
May 15, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765962/value-of-eponyms-in-dermato-trichological-nomenclature
#20
REVIEW
Ralph M Trüeb
Traditionally, syndromes have been named after the physician who originally identified the condition. These are referred to as eponymous syndromes. Nevertheless, the term eponym is to be regarded in a broader sense, since - by definition - an eponym is a person, place, or thing after whom or which something is named. Accordingly, some eponymous syndromes do not refer to the physician who originally reported the condition, but alternatively to the indicator patient, a geographic location, or a historical, literary, or mythological context...
April 2018: Skin Appendage Disorders
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