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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432056/who-surgical-safety-checklist-cuts-post-surgical-deaths-by-22-us-study-finds
#1
Michael McCarthy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431896/pressurized-intraperitoneal-aerosol-chemotherapy-%C3%A2-practical-aspects
#2
M Hübner, F Grass, H Teixeira-Farinha, B Pache, P Mathevet, N Demartines
INTRODUCTION: Pressurized Intraperitoneal Aerosol Chemotherapy (PIPAC) has been introduced as novel treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis. Only proper patient selection, stringent safety protocol and careful surgery allow for a secure procedure. We hereby report the essentials for safe implementation. METHODS: All consecutive procedures within 20 months after PIPAC implementation were analyzed with regards to practical and surgical aspects. Special emphasis was laid on modifications of technique and safety measures during the implementation process with systematic use of a dedicated checklist...
April 8, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429867/health-related-quality-of-life-questionnaires-in-individuals-with-haemophilia-a-systematic-review-of-their-measurement-properties
#3
REVIEW
P F Limperg, C B Terwee, N L Young, V E Price, S C Gouw, M Peters, M A Grootenhuis, V Blanchette, L Haverman
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of health related quality of life (HRQOL) is essential for a full assessment of the influence of an illness on patients' lives. The aim of this paper is to critically appraise and compare the measurement properties of HRQOL questionnaires studied in haemophilia. METHODS: Bibliographic databases (Embase, Medline, Cinahl and PsycInfo) were searched for articles evaluating measurement properties of HRQOL questionnaires in haemophilia. Articles were excluded that did not report HRQOL measurement properties, or when <50% of the study population had haemophilia...
April 21, 2017: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428676/behavioral-problems-and-emotional-difficulties-at-children-and-early-adolescents-of-the-veterans-of-war-with-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Zihnet Selimbasic, Osman Sinanovic, Esmina Avdibegovic, Maja Brkic, Jasmin Hamidovic
INTRODUCTION: Behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children of the veterans of war with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have not been researched entirely. In our country, which has a lot of persons suffering from some psychological traumas, this trauma seems to continue. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the exposure, manifestations of behavioral problems and emotional difficulties at children and early adolescents, whose fathers were the veterans of war demonstrating post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms...
February 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428139/use-and-reporting-of-bayesian-methods-for-primary-data-analysis-in-epidemiological-research-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Charlotte Rietbergen, Thomas Pa Debray, Irene Klugkist, Kristel Jm Janssen, Karel Gm Moons
BACKGROUND: The objective of this systematic review is to investigate the use of Bayesian data analysis in epidemiology in the past decade, and particularly to evaluate the quality of research papers reporting the results of these analyses. METHODS: Complete volumes of five major epidemiological journals in the period 2005-2015 were searched via Pubmed. In addition we performed an extensive within-manuscript search using a specialized Java application. Details of reporting on Bayesian statistics were examined in original research papers with primary Bayesian data analyses...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427846/vaccines-are-different-a-systematic-review-of-budget-impact-analyses-of-vaccines
#6
REVIEW
Priscilla Magalhaes Loze, Luciana Bertholim Nasciben, Ana Marli Christovam Sartori, Alexander Itria, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez
INTRODUCTION: Several countries require manufacturers to present a budget impact analysis (BIA), together with a cost-effectiveness analysis, to support national funding requests. However, guidelines for conducting BIA of vaccines are scarce. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the methodological approaches used in published budget impact analysis (BIA) of vaccines, discussing specific methodological issues related to vaccines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This systematic review of the literature on BIA of vaccines was carried out in accordance with the Centre for Reviews and Dissemination - CRD guidelines...
April 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427700/effects-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-on-gait-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Shmuel Springer, Sam Khamis
BACKGROUND: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is commonly used to ameliorate gait deficits in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). This review critically evaluates the literature describing the orthotic and therapeutic effects of FES on gait in PwMS. METHODS: The PubMed, CINAHL, and ProQuest databases were searched. Included were studies that evaluated therapeutic and/or orthotic effects of FES in PwMS with at least one outcome measure related to gait...
April 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427477/plasma-chitotriosidase-activity-versus-ccl18-level-for-assessing-type-i-gaucher-disease-severity-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-of-individual-participant-data
#8
Tatiana Raskovalova, Patrick B Deegan, Ruby Yang, Elena Pavlova, Jérome Stirnemann, José Labarère, Ari Zimran, Pramod K Mistry, Marc Berger
BACKGROUND: Gaucher disease (GD) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficiency in acid beta-glucosidase. GD exhibits a wide clinical spectrum of disease severity with an unpredictable natural course. Plasma chitotriosidase activity and CC chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) have been exchangeably used for monitoring GD activity and response to enzyme replacement therapy in conjunction with clinical assessment. Yet, a large-scale head-to-head comparison of these two biomarkers is currently lacking...
April 20, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427034/taxometric-analyses-and-predictive-accuracy-of-callous-unemotional-traits-regarding-quality-of-life-and-behavior-problems-in-non-conduct-disorder-diagnoses
#9
Pierre C M Herpers, Helen Klip, Nanda N J Rommelse, Mark J Taylor, Corina U Greven, Jan K Buitelaar
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits have mainly been studied in relation to conduct disorder (CD), but can also occur in other disorder groups. However, it is unclear whether there is a clinically relevant cut-off value of levels of CU traits in predicting reduced quality of life (QoL) and clinical symptoms, and whether CU traits better fit a categorical (taxonic) or dimensional model. Parents of 979 youths referred to a child and adolescent psychiatric clinic rated their child's CU traits on the Inventory of Callous-Unemotional traits (ICU), QoL on the Kidscreen-27, and clinical symptoms on the Child Behavior Checklist...
April 5, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426426/pseudopecoelus-mccauleyi-n-sp-and-podocotyle-sp-digenea-opecoelidae-from-the-deep-waters-off-oregon-and-british-columbia-with-an-updated-key-to-the-species-of-pseudopecoelus-von-wicklen-1946-and-checklist-of-parasites-from-lycodes-cortezianus-perciformes-zoarcidae
#10
REVIEW
Charles K Blend, Norman O Dronen, Gabor R Racz, Scott L Gardner
Pseudopecoelus mccauleyi n. sp. (Opecoelidae: Opecoelinae) is described from the intestine of the bigfin eelpout, Lycodes cortezianus (Gilbert, 1890) (Perciformes: Zoarcidae), collected at 200-800 m depths in the Northeastern Pacific Ocean off Oregon and Vancouver Island, British Columbia. The new species is distinguished by possessing a unique combination of the following diagnostic characters: vitelline fields that extend to the posterior margin of the ventral sucker; a slender, tubular and sinuous seminal vesicle that extends some distance into the hindbody; an unspecialized, protuberant ventral sucker; a genital pore at pharynx level; lobed to deeply multilobed testes; a lobed ovary; and an egg size of 68-80 μm × 30-46 μm...
June 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425889/soap-methodology-in-general-practice-family-medicine-teaching-in-practical-context
#11
Luiz Miguel Santiago, Isabel Neto
INTRODUCTION: Medical records in General Practice/Family Medicine are an essential information support on the health status of the patient and a communication document between health professionals. The development of competencies in General Practice/Family Medicine during pre-graduation must include the ability to make adequate medical records in practical context. As of 2012, medicine students at the University of Beira Interior have been performing visits using the Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP methodology, with a performance evaluation of the visit, with the aim to check on which Subjective, Objective, Assessment and Plan - SOAP aspects students reveal the most difficulties in order to define improvement techniques and to correlate patient grade with tutor evaluation...
December 30, 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425573/evaluation-of-australian-dermatological-postoperative-patient-information-leaflets-should-we-have-a-national-checklist
#12
William Tn Hunt, Niamh-Anna O'Sullivan, Alan Donnelly
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Patient information leaflets (PILs) are frequently provided to patients following dermatological surgery to provide advice and reassurance in the community. This evaluation reviewed the guidance specified in postoperative PILs across the 40 Australian dermatology teaching departments and clinics. METHODS: All 40 departments and clinics were identified and asked to provide their postoperative information leaflets on sutured wound care (preferable) or excision biopsy (September-October 2015)...
April 20, 2017: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425183/associations-between-major-life-events-and-adherence-glycemic-control-and-psychosocial-characteristics-in-teens-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Persis V Commissariat, Lisa K Volkening, Zijing Guo, Jessica L ElBach, Deborah A Butler, Lori M Laffel
AIMS: This cross-sectional study assessed the type of major life events occurring in a contemporary sample of teens with type 1 diabetes and the association between event frequency and demographic, diabetes management, and psychosocial characteristics. METHODS: Parents of 178 teens completed the Life Events Checklist to report major events teens had experienced in the last year: 42% experienced 0 to 1 event (n = 75), 32% experienced 2 to 3 events (n = 57), and 26% experienced 4+ events (n = 46)...
April 19, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425112/beyond-guidelines-discretionary-practice-in-face-to-face-triage-nursing
#14
Lars E F Johannessen
This article draws on ethnographic data from a Norwegian emergency primary care clinic (EPCC) to explore nurses' discretionary application of guidelines. Specifically, it analyses nurses' discretionary use of the Manchester Triage System (MTS) when performing face-to-face triage, that is, assessing the urgency of patients' complaints. The analysis shows how nurses assessed patients at odds with MTS prescriptions by collecting supplementary data, engaging in differential diagnostic and holistic reasoning, relying on emotion and intuition, and allowing colleagues and patients to influence their reasoning...
April 20, 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424633/psychopathological-aspects-in-childhood-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-hsct-the-perception-of-parents-and-adolescents
#15
Silvia Zanato, Annalisa Traverso, Marta Tremolada, Francesco Sinatora, Alessio Porreca, Giorgio Pozziani, Nicoletta Di Florio, Fabia Capello, Antonio Marzollo, Manuela Tumino, Chiara Cattelan, Giuseppe Basso, Chiara Messina
Background: Data about psychosocial sequelae of childhood Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) are limited and the association with a specific donor type or other medical factors is largely unknown (Chang et al., 2012). The aim of the present study was to compare the psychological aspects of pediatric HSCT survivors with healthy peers. A secondary aim was to detect whether parents and children differed in the perception of mental health status. The influence of medical factors on psychological status was also examined...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424357/thin-for-gestational-age-infants-are-at-increased-risk-of-neurodevelopmental-delay-at-2%C3%A2-years
#16
Sinéad M O'Neill, Geraldine Hannon, Ali S Khashan, J O'B Hourihane, Louise C Kenny, Mairead Kiely, Deirdre M Murray
BACKGROUND: Infants born small-for-gestational age (SGA) are at increased risk of developmental difficulties. Identifying those most at risk is challenging. We examined the effect of neonatal body composition and customised birthweight centiles on neurocognitive and behavioural outcomes at age 2. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of term infants from the Cork BASELINE Birth Cohort Study classified into the following exposure groups: a birth weight <10th customised centile (SGA, n=51); body fat percentage at birth <10th centile (thin-for-gestational age (TGA, n=51)) or both SGA and TGA infants (small- and thin-for-gestational age (STGA), n=13)...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424102/gaining-insights-into-the-ecological-role-of-the-new-zealand-sole-peltorhamphus-novaezeelandiae-through-parasites
#17
T Anglade, H S Randhawa
Despite the fact that tapeworms comprise the bulk of parasite communities of sharks in marine ecosystems, little is known about their life cycles and, more specifically, about the potential intermediate hosts they utilize as transmission routes. In the absence of morphological features required for specific identification of larval tapeworms from potential intermediate hosts, recent molecular advances have contributed to linking larval and adult parasites and, in some instances, uncovering unknown trophic links...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Helminthology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423830/bridging-the-semantic-gap-between-diagnostic-histopathology-and-image-analysis
#18
Lamine Traore, Yannick Kergosien, Daniel Racoceanu
With the wider acceptance of Whole Slide Images (WSI) in histopathology domain, automatic image analysis algorithms represent a very promising solution to support pathologist's laborious tasks during the diagnosis process, to create a quantification-based second opinion and to enhance inter-observer agreement. In this context, reference vocabularies and formalization of the associated knowledge are especially needed to annotate histopathology images with labels complying with semantic standards. In this work, we elaborate a sustainable triptych able to bridge the gap between pathologists and image analysis scientists...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422900/the-association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-perceptions-of-deployment-related-injury-in-veterans-with-and-without-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#19
Nazanin H Bahraini, Lindsey L Monteith, Holly R Gerber, Jeri E Forster, Trisha A Hostetter, Lisa A Brenner
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether the association between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and injury perceptions (ie, consequences, emotional representations, and coherence) differs for Veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) compared with Veterans with non-TBI (ie, orthopedic). PARTICIPANTS: Eighty Veterans injured during post-9/11 deployments. DESIGN: Observational, 2×2 factorial design. MAIN MEASURES: Injury histories ascertained using the Ohio State University TBI-Identification Method and Deployment Injury Questionnaire; Injury Perception Questionnaire-Revised (injury perceptions); Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (PTSD diagnosis); and PTSD Symptom Checklist-Civilian Version (PTSD symptoms)...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422893/do-concussive-symptoms-really-resolve-in-young-children
#20
Coco O Bernard, Jennie L Ponsford, Audrey McKinlay, Dean McKenzie, David Krieser
OBJECTIVES: To examine the frequency and nature of postconcussive symptoms (PCSs) and behavioral outcomes in young children following mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) or concussion. SETTING: Emergency department. PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 2 to 12 years presenting with either a concussion or minor bodily injury (control). OUTCOME MEASUREMENT: Parent ratings of PCS were obtained within 72 hours of injury, at 1 week, and 1, 2, and 3 months postinjury using a comprehensive PCS checklist...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
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