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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913883/on-the-prevalence-of-constipation-and-fecal-incontinence-and-their-co-occurrence-in-the-netherlands
#1
Rob J Meinds, Maxime M van Meegdenburg, Monika Trzpis, Paul M A Broens
PURPOSE: Numerous studies have investigated the prevalence of constipation and fecal incontinence (FI) in the general population and, even though these disorders are known to co-occur, they were studied independently of each other. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of constipation and FI, and their co-occurrence, in the general population in the Netherlands. METHODS: We studied a cross-section of the Dutch population (N = 1259). All respondents completed the Groningen Defecation & Fecal Continence checklist...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913082/efficacy-and-feasibility-of-objective-structured-clinical-examination-in-the-internal-assessment-for-surgery-postgraduates
#2
Anitha Muthusami, Subair Mohsina, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Amaranathan Anandhi, Thirthar Palanivelu Elamurugan, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Thulasingam Mahalakshmy, Vikram Kate
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally assessment in medical training programs has been through subjective faculty evaluations or multiple choice questions. Conventional examinations provide assessment of the global performance rather than individual competencies thus making the final feedback less meaningful. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is a relatively new multidimensional tool for evaluating training. This study was carried out to determine the efficacy and feasibility of OSCE as a tool for the internal assessment of surgery residents...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910281/make-your-peer-reviews-more-organized-and-systematic-with-checklists
#3
EDITORIAL
Charon A Pierson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909376/completeness-of-outcomes-description-reported-in-low-back-pain-rehabilitation-interventions-a-survey-of-185-randomized-trials
#4
Silvia Gianola, Pamela Frigerio, Michela Agostini, Rosa Bolotta, Greta Castellini, Davide Corbetta, Monica Gasparini, Paolo Gozzer, Erica Guariento, Linda C Li, Valentina Pecoraro, Valeria Sirtori, Andrea Turolla, Anita Andreano, Lorenzo Moja
Purpose: To assess reporting completeness of the most frequent outcome measures used in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of rehabilitation interventions for mechanical low back pain. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study of RCTs included in all Cochrane systematic reviews (SRs) published up to May 2013. Two authors independently evaluated the type and frequency of each outcome measure reported, the methods used to measure outcomes, the completeness of outcome reporting using a eight-item checklist, and the proportion of outcomes fully replicable by an independent assessor...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907980/flipped-clinical-training-a-structured-training-method-for-undergraduates-in-complete-denture-prosthesis
#5
Anbarasi K, Kasim Mohamed K, Phagalvarthy Vijayaraghavan, Deivanayagam Kandaswamy
PURPOSE: To design and implement flipped clinical training for undergraduate dental students in removable complete denture treatment and predict its effectiveness by comparing the assessment results of students trained by flipped and traditional methods. METHODS: Flipped training was designed by shifting the learning from clinics to learning center (phase I) and by preserving the practice in clinics (phase II). In phase I, student-faculty interactive session was arranged to recap prior knowledge...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905541/serbian-language-version-of-the-modified-checklist-for-autism-in-toddlers-revised-with-follow-up-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-assessment-of-reliability
#6
Mia Carakovac, Jelena Jovanovic, Marko Kalanj, Nenad Rudic, Olivera Aleksic-Hil, Branko Aleksic, Itzel Bustos Villalobos, Hideki Kasuya, Norio Ozaki, Dusica Lecic-Tosevski, Milica Pejovic-Milovancevic
Early detection of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has proven to be of high significance, however there is a limited availability of ASD screening tools in Serbian language. In this study we aim to translate, assess reliability and, in part, test the applicability of Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised, with Follow-Up (M-CHAT R/F) in Serbian Healthcare environment. We screened 128 children in three primary healthcare centres and 20 children in a tertiary psychiatric center, using M-CHAT R/F translated into Serbian language, between December 2014 and October 2015...
December 1, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904631/the-effect-of-clinical-supervision-model-on-high-alert-medication-safety-in-intensive-care-units-nurses
#7
Asghar Khalifehzadeh Esfahani, Fatemeh Ramezany Varzaneh, Tahereh Changiz
BACKGROUND: Medication errors and adverse drug events of high alert medication are one of the major problems in therapeutic system. The purpose of the present study was to investigate ύthe effect of clinical supervision model on high alert medication safety in intensive care units nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted on 32 nurses of intensive care units. The researcher observed the administration of high alert drugs including heparin, warfarin, norepinephrine, dobutamine, and dopamine by nurses and recorded the scores of the work in preventing medication errors, the work in preventing adverse drug events, and medication safety...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904577/comparison-the-effectiveness-of-pyruvic-acid-50-and-salicylic-acid-30-in-the-treatment-of-acne
#8
Fariba Jaffary, Gita Faghihi, Sara Saraeian, Sayed Mohsen Hosseini
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory disease of the pilosebaceous follicles and one of the most common skin diseases. The peeling method has been recently found to be effective for acne treatment. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of pyruvic acid 50% and salicylic acid 30% peeling in the treatment of mild to moderate acne. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective single-blinded clinical trial, 86 patients with acne were randomly assigned into two groups...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904230/the-tidier-checklist-will-benefit-the-physiotherapy-profession
#9
EDITORIAL
Tie Yamato, Chris Maher, Bruno Saragiotto, Anne Moseley, Tammy Hoffmann, Mark Elkins, Dina Brooks
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904176/methodology-series-module-6-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analysis
#10
Maninder Singh Setia
Systematic reviews and meta-analysis have become an important of biomedical literature, and they provide the "highest level of evidence" for various clinical questions. There are a lot of studies - sometimes with contradictory conclusions - on a particular topic in literature. Hence, as a clinician, which results will you believe? What will you tell your patient? Which drug is better? A systematic review or a meta-analysis may help us answer these questions. In addition, it may also help us understand the quality of the articles in literature or the type of studies that have been conducted and published (example, randomized trials or observational studies)...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903766/sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy-measures-to-reduce-risk
#11
REVIEW
Brendan Mclean, Rohit Shankar, Jane Hanna, Caryn Jory, Craig Newman
This review looks at the strategies that may help to reduce the risk of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy beyond that of trying to achieve seizure cessation, which is not possible for up to 30% of patients with epilepsy. These strategies include seizure safety checklists, mobile phone technology, telehealth and various devices currently available or in development. We highlight interventions where there is evidence of benefit, and draw attention for the need both to involve patients with epilepsy in risk reduction and to improve communication with those at risk...
November 30, 2016: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903565/improving-care-for-heart-failure-patients-in-primary-care-gps-perceptions-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#12
Miek Smeets, Sara Van Roy, Bert Aertgeerts, Mieke Vermandere, Bert Vaes
OBJECTIVES: General practitioners (GPs) play a key role in heart failure (HF) management. Despite multiple guidelines, the management of patients with HF in primary care is suboptimal. Therefore, all the qualitative evidence concerning GPs' perceptions of managing HF in primary care was synthesised to identify barriers and facilitators for optimal care, and ideas for improvement. DESIGN: Qualitative evidence synthesis. METHODS: Searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and CINAHL databases up to 20/12/2015 were conducted...
November 30, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903364/-a-meta-analysis-of-hiv-seroprevalence-in-pregnant-women-with-syphilis-and-the-impact-of-syphilis-infection-on-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission
#13
T T Wang, Y Xu, Z Z Li, L Z Chen
Objective: To estimate HIV seroprevalence among pregnant women with syphilis and evaluate the influence of syphilis infection on mother-to-child-transmission (MTCT) of HIV by meta-analysis. Methods: We conducted a systematic literature search for 1 678 articles related to maternal syphilis and HIV infection published until October 1(st) 2015 using the PubMed, Web of Science, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang, Weipu, and SinoMed databases and evaluated the quality of each papers using the STROBE checklist, and the keywords were " pregnant women/maternal/pregnancy" , "syphilis/AIDS" , "HIV/human immunodeficiency virus" , "mother- to-child transimission/vertical transmission" ...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903327/auditory-vigilance-and-working-memory-in-youth-at-familial-risk-for-schizophrenia-or-affective-psychosis-in-the-harvard-adolescent-family-high-risk-study
#14
Larry J Seidman, Andrea Pousada-Casal, Silvia Scala, Eric C Meyer, William S Stone, Heidi W Thermenos, Elena Molokotos, Jessica Agnew-Blais, Ming T Tsuang, Stephen V Faraone
BACKGROUND: The degree of overlap between schizophrenia (SCZ) and affective psychosis (AFF) has been a recurring question since Kraepelin's subdivision of the major psychoses. Studying nonpsychotic relatives allows a comparison of disorder-associated phenotypes, without potential confounds that can obscure distinctive features of the disorder. Because attention and working memory have been proposed as potential endophenotypes for SCZ and AFF, we compared these cognitive features in individuals at familial high-risk (FHR) for the disorders...
November 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903285/prognostic-biomarkers-to-identify-patients-destined-to-develop-severe-crohn-s-disease-who-may-benefit-from-early-biological-therapy-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-external-validation
#15
Steve Halligan, Darren Boone, Gauraang Bhatnagar, Tariq Ahmad, Stuart Bloom, Manuel Rodriguez-Justo, Stuart A Taylor, Susan Mallett
BACKGROUND: It is believed increasingly that patients with severe Crohn's disease are best treated early with biological therapy, which may ameliorate subsequent disease course and diminish long-term complications. However, we cannot predict currently which new presentations of Crohn's disease are destined to develop severe disease so treatment cannot be targeted to the most appropriate patients. Accordingly, via systematic review and meta-analysis we aim to identify if biomarkers of disease activity are able to predict development of severe disease...
December 1, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903238/impress-an-implementation-readiness-checklist-developed-using-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials-assessing-cognitive-stimulation-for-dementia
#16
Amy Streater, Aimee Spector, Elisa Aguirre, Jacki Stansfeld, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: Research reporting results of clinical trials, psychosocial or technological interventions frequently omit critical details needed to inform implementation in practice. The aim of this article is to develop an Implementation Readiness (ImpRess) checklist, that includes criteria deemed useful in measuring readiness for implementation and apply it to trials of cognitive stimulation in dementia, providing a systematic review of their readiness for widespread implementation. METHODS: Five electronic databases were searched...
December 1, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902720/intervention-to-improve-appropriate-prescribing-and-reduce-polypharmacy-in-elderly-patients-admitted-to-an-internal-medicine-unit
#17
Milena Urfer, Luigia Elzi, Salome Dell-Kuster, Stefano Bassetti
BACKGROUND: Polypharmacy and inappropriate medication prescriptions are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Most interventions proposed to improve appropriate prescribing are time and resource intensive and therefore hardly applicable in daily clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of an easy-to-use checklist aimed at supporting the therapeutic reasoning of physicians in order to reduce inappropriate prescribing and polypharmacy. METHODS: We assessed the efficacy and safety of a 5-point checklist to be used by all physicians on the internal medicine wards of a Swiss hospital by comparing outcomes in 450 consecutive patients aged ≥65 years hospitalized after the introduction of the checklist, and in 450 consecutive patients ≥65 years hospitalized before the introduction of the checklist...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901619/aggression-in-psychiatric-wards-effect-of-the-use-of-a-structured-risk-assessment
#18
Jacob Hvidhjelm, Dorte Sestoft, Lene Theil Skovgaard, Kirsten Rasmussen, Roger Almvik, Jakob Bue Bjorner
Health care workers are often exposed to violence and aggression in psychiatric settings. Short-term risk assessments, such as the Brøset Violence Checklist (BVC), are strong predictors of such aggression and may enable staff to take preventive measures against aggression. This study evaluated whether the routine use of the BVC could reduce the frequency of patient aggression. We conducted a study with a semi-random regression discontinuity design in 15 psychiatric wards. Baseline aggression risk was assessed using the Aggression Observation Short Form (AOS) over three months...
November 30, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900749/-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-intravenous-access-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Chia-Chi Kuo, Chen-Yun Wu, I-Jung Feng, Wei-Jing Lee
BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous access is a common, invasive procedure that is performed in clinical practice. Difficult intravenous access may not only jeopardize patient safety but also increase staff stress, nursing hours, and material costs. PURPOSE: To explore the efficacy of ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous access in difficult intravenous-access patients and in the two subgroups of adult patients and pediatric patients using systematic review and meta-analysis...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899718/postoperative-delirium-after-liver-transplantation-is-associated-with-increased-length-of-stay-and-lower-survival-in-a-prospective-cohort
#20
Sonja Beckmann, Maria Schubert, Hanna Burkhalter, Philipp Dutkowski, Sabina De Geest
INTRODUCTION: Although postoperative delirium (POD) is a common in-hospital complication associated with negative outcomes, evidence in liver transplantation (LT) is scarce. OBJECTIVE: We examined the incidence and duration of POD, its impact on outcomes and health-care utilization, and described predisposing and precipitating factors favoring POD development. DESIGN: This prospective cohort study included adults undergoing transplantation in a tertiary hospital...
November 28, 2016: Progress in Transplantation
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