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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528350/prevalence-and-impact-of-severe-fatigue-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-patients-in-comparison-with-population-based-controls
#1
Hanneke Poort, Suzanne E J Kaal, Hans Knoop, Rosemarie Jansen, Judith B Prins, Eveliene Manten-Horst, Petra Servaes, Olga Husson, Winette T A van der Graaf
PURPOSE: The current study determined the prevalence of severe fatigue in adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer patients (aged 18-35 years at diagnosis) consulting a multidisciplinary AYA team in comparison with gender- and age-matched population-based controls. In addition, impact of severe fatigue on quality of life and correlates of fatigue severity were examined. METHODS: AYAs with cancer (n = 83) completed questionnaires including the Checklist Individual Strength (CIS-fatigue), Quality of Life (QoL)-Cancer Survivor, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (reflecting psychological distress), and the Cancer Worry Scale (reflecting fear of cancer recurrence or progression)...
May 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527643/parental-knowledge-and-recall-of-concussion-discharge-instructions
#2
Danny George Thomas, Lia Bradley, Ashley Servi, Suzanne Reilly, Jennifer Niskala Apps, Michael McCrea, Thomas Hammeke
INTRODUCTION: Children increasingly are being seen in the emergency department for a concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). A key aim of the ED visit is to provide discharge advice that can help parents to identify an evolving neurosurgical crisis, facilitate recovery, and prevent reinjury. The present study examined parents' knowledge of symptoms and recall of discharge instructions after their adolescent's mTBI and the effect of supplementing written discharge instructions with verbal instruction and reinforcement...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526630/what-is-the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-erectile-function-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Felipe Placco Araujo Glina, Júlia Walter de Freitas Barboza, Victor Moises Nunes, Sidney Glina, Wanderley Marques Bernardo
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a worldwide public health issue that has severe psychological and social implications. Erectile dysfunction also is a prevalent clinical situation, and obesity is one of the primary risk factors for its development. AIM: To determine whether bariatric surgery can lessen erectile dysfunction in obese men because of evidence showing that weight loss in obese men contributes to decreasing erectile dysfunction and bariatric surgery contributes to significant weight loss...
May 16, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525732/predictors-of-recovery-from-depression-and-anxiety-in-women-a-longitudinal-study-from-childbirth-to-6-years
#4
Radhika Shankar, Rinette Badker, Ursula Brain, Tim F Oberlander, Shaila Misri
OBJECTIVE: This study prospectively examined maternal biopsychosocial predictors of recovery from comorbid depression and anxiety from 25 weeks' gestation to 6 years postbirth. Specifically, the study investigated the influence of 1) maternal factors and 2) the child's behaviours and physical health on the course of the mother's depressed mood and anxiety. METHODS: Eighty-six women diagnosed with antenatal depression/anxiety were recruited through the Reproductive Mental Health Program and family practices in Vancouver...
May 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525446/training-village-health-workers-in-detection-and-monitoring-of-noncommunicable-diseases-a-low-cost-option-for-rural-areas-facing-the-emerging-health-epidemic
#5
Shyamsundar J Raithatha, Dinesh Kumar, Amee A Amin
Noncommunicable diseases account for 53% of deaths and 44% of disability-adjusted life years lost in India. Village health workers (VHWs) were trained in blood pressure (BP) and blood sugar (BS) measurement and assessed using a checklist. A total of 38 VHWs with a mean age of 44.8 years, schooling of 9.9 years, scored 10.0 (76.9%) for BP and 9.74 (69.6%) for BS. There was no difference in scores for education and age. It is possible to train VHWs in BP and BS measurement and utilize them for screening and monitoring of hypertension and diabetes in a noncommunicable disease care program...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524117/ebutterfly-leveraging-massive-online-citizen-science-for-butterfly-consevation
#6
Kathleen L Prudic, Kent P McFarland, Jeffrey C Oliver, Rebecca A Hutchinson, Elizabeth C Long, Jeremy T Kerr, Maxim Larrivée
Data collection, storage, analysis, visualization, and dissemination are changing rapidly due to advances in new technologies driven by computer science and universal access to the internet. These technologies and web connections place human observers front and center in citizen science-driven research and are critical in generating new discoveries and innovation in such fields as astronomy, biodiversity, and meteorology. Research projects utilizing a citizen science approach address scientific problems at regional, continental, and even global scales otherwise impossible for a single lab or even a small collection of academic researchers...
May 18, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523589/alternating-acetaminophen-and-ibuprofen-versus-monotherapies-in-improvements-of-distress-and-reducing-refractory-fever-in-febrile-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Shuanghong Luo, Mengdong Ran, Qiuhong Luo, Min Shu, Qin Guo, Yu Zhu, Xiaoping Xie, Chongfan Zhang, Chaomin Wan
BACKGROUND: No evidence can be found in the medical literature about the efficacy of alternating acetaminophen and ibuprofen treatment in children with refractory fever. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to assess the effect of alternating acetaminophen and ibuprofen therapy on distress and refractory fever compared with acetaminophen or ibuprofen as monotherapy in febrile children. METHODS: A total of 474 febrile children with axillary temperature ≥38...
May 18, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523393/flavored-anesthetic-masks-for-inhalational-induction-in-children
#8
Aakriti Gupta, Preethy Joseph Mathew, Neerja Bhardwaj
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of masking the odor of inhalational agents using fruit flavors on the anxiety behavior and compliance of children for inhalational induction. METHODS: A prospective randomized double blind, placebo controlled study was conducted on 60 unpremedicated children in the age group of 4-12 y. Thirty children received anesthetic masks smeared with a flavor of child's choice while the other 30 children were induced using masks without flavor...
May 19, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521849/a-writer-s-guide-to-education-scholarship-qualitative-education-scholarship-part-2
#9
Teresa M Chan, Daniel K Ting, Andrew Koch Hall, Aleisha Murnaghan, Brent Thoma, Jill McEwen, Lalena M Yarris
OBJECTIVE: Education scholarship can be conducted using a variety of methods, from quantitative experiments to qualitative studies. Qualitative methods are less commonly used in emergency medicine (EM) education research but are well-suited to explore complex educational problems and generate hypotheses. We aimed to review the literature to provide resources to guide educators who wish to conduct qualitative research in EM education. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review to outline: 1) a list of journals that regularly publish qualitative educational papers; 2) an aggregate set of quality markers for qualitative educational research and scholarship; and 3) a list of quality checklists for qualitative educational research and scholarship...
May 19, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521817/epidemiology-of-diabetic-foot-disease-and-diabetes-related-lower-extremity-amputation-in-australia-a-systematic-review-protocol
#10
Jaap J van Netten, Mendel Baba, Peter A Lazzarini
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot disease is associated with major morbidity, mortality, costs, and reduction of a person's quality of life. Investigating the epidemiology of diabetic foot disease is the backbone of diabetic foot research and clinical practice, yet the full burden of diabetic foot disease in Australia is unknown. This study aims to describe the protocol for a systematic review of the epidemiology of diabetic foot disease and diabetes-related lower-extremity amputation in Australia...
May 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521801/why-are-some-people-more-fit-than-others-correlates-and-determinants-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#11
Nita Perumal, Gert B M Mensink, Thomas Keil, Jonas David Finger
BACKGROUND: Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a physical condition that is now well established as a predictor of numerous adverse health outcomes, independent of physical activity levels. In order to be able to improve CRF at the population level and to develop effective interventions and public health programmes, it is important to understand why some people are more fit than others. Therefore, the primary aim of the systematic review described in this protocol is to examine individual and interpersonal factors that are correlated with or determine CRF among adults...
May 18, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521744/determination-of-the-sources-and-antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-of-salmonella-isolated-from-the-poultry-industry-in-southern-ethiopia
#12
Reta Duguma Abdi, Fisseha Mengstie, Ashenafi Feyisa Beyi, Takele Beyene, Hika Waktole, Bedasso Mammo, Dinka Ayana, Fufa Abunna
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia set an ambitious masterplan to increase chicken meat and egg production from 2015 to 2020. Poultry breeding, multiplication and distribution centers in the country have received executive order to import, amplify and distribute commercial chickens to end users. The biosecurity and the pathogen fauna of the centers have not been evaluated as to whether the centers could implement the mission effectively without any risk. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the biosecurity practices and the pathogen prevalence, risk factors and their antimicrobial resistance (AMR) using Salmonella as case study...
May 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521646/medical-students-review-of-formative-osce-scores-checklists-and-videos-improves-with-student-faculty-debriefing-meetings
#13
Aaron W Bernard, Gabbriel Ceccolini, Richard Feinn, Jennifer Rockfeld, Ilene Rosenberg, Listy Thomas, Todd Cassese
BACKGROUND: Performance feedback is considered essential to clinical skills development. Formative objective structured clinical exams (F-OSCEs) often include immediate feedback by standardized patients. Students can also be provided access to performance metrics including scores, checklists, and video recordings after the F-OSCE to supplement this feedback. How often students choose to review this data and how review impacts future performance has not been documented. OBJECTIVE: We suspect student review of F-OSCE performance data is variable...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521380/-clinical-practical-examination-in-orthopaedic-teaching-who-is-the-ideal-examiner
#14
Peter Melcher, Andreas Roth, Mohamed Ghanem, Daisy Rotzoll
Background Medical curricula require an increasing amount of integrated clinical practical skills education. German medical faculties are increasingly implementing the OSCE (objective structured clinical examination) to test students' practical as well as communication skills. Teaching and assessment tools for practical skills include simulators and simulated patient scenarios, where peer-assisted teaching (PAT) is applied. Trained student tutors support this process. This study examines for the first time the use of PAT student tutors as examiners in an orthopaedic OSCE unit and the existence of possible differences in rating between faculty and PAT student tutors...
May 18, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521377/-checklist-for-the-development-and-assessment-of-cost-of-illness-studies
#15
Dirk Müller, Stephanie Stock, Charalabos-Markos Dintsios, Nadja Chernyak, Andreas Gerber-Grote, Tristan Daniel Gloede, Benita Hermann, Eduard Huppertz, Fabian Jülich, Sarah Mostardt, Juliane Köberlein-Neu, Anne Prenzler, Hans-Joachim Salize, Sara Santos, Benjamin Scheckel, Astrid Seidl, Katharina Wahlers, Andrea Icks
Background Cost-of-illness (CoI) studies are important instruments for estimating the socioeconomic burden of specified diseases. CoI studies provide important information about the cost structure of a disease, the resulting research need, approaches to improve aspects of care and, monetary consequences from different perspectives. This information can be useful for healthcare research and health policy. Due to heterogeneity of available Cost-of-Illness studies, the working group 'Health Economics' of the German Network for Healthcare Research (DNVF) in accordance with the German Society for Health Economics (DGGÖ) developed an instrument for the planning, conduct and assessment of CoI studies...
May 18, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521281/functional-connectivity-in-incarcerated-male-adolescents-with-psychopathic-traits
#16
Sandra Thijssen, Kent A Kiehl
The present study examined the association between psychopathic traits and functional connectivity in 177 incarcerated male adolescents. We hypothesized that psychopathic symptoms would be associated with functional connectivity within networks encompassing limbic and paralimbic regions, such as the default mode (DMN), salience networks (SN), and executive control network (ECN). The present sample was drawn from the Southwest Advanced Neuroimaging Cohort, Youth sample, and from research at a youth detention facility in Wisconsin...
May 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520858/rapid-tests-for-influenza-respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-other-respiratory-viruses-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Ahl Bruning, Mmg Leeflang, Jmbw Vos, R Spijker, M D de Jong, K C Wolthers, D Pajkrt
Rapid diagnosis of respiratory virus infections contributes to patient care. This systematic review evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of rapid tests for the detection of respiratory viruses. We searched Medline and EMBASE for studies evaluating these tests against PCR as reference standard. 179 studies were included of which 134 evaluated rapid tests for influenza viruses, 32 for RSV, and 13 for other respiratory viruses. We used the bivariate random effects model for quantitative meta-analysis of the results...
May 17, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520689/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-posttraumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#18
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from acute stress disorder (ASD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but it is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (1) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (2) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
June 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520167/kmt2b-rare-missense-variants-in-generalized-dystonia
#19
Michael Zech, Robert Jech, Petra Havránková, Anna Fečíková, Riccardo Berutti, Dušan Urgošík, David Kemlink, Tim M Strom, Jan Roth, Evžen Růžička, Juliane Winkelmann
BACKGROUND: Recently a novel syndrome of childhood-onset generalized dystonia originating from mutations in lysine-specific methyltransferase 2B (KMT2B) has been reported. METHODS: We sequenced the exomes of 4 generalized dystonia-affected probands recruited from a Prague movement disorders center (Czech Republic). Bioinformatics analyses were conducted to select candidate causal variants in described dystonia-mutated genes. After cosegregation testing, checklists from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics were adopted to judge variant pathogenicity...
May 18, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517956/the-longitudinal-association-between-anxiety-and-internet-addiction-in-adolescence-the-moderating-effect-of-classroom-extraversion
#20
Vasileios Stavropoulos, Rapson Gomez, Eloisa Steen, Charlotte Beard, Lucas Liew, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims The risk effect of anxiety on addictive behaviors, including Internet addiction (IA), has repeatedly been highlighted in the international literature. However, there is a lack of longitudinal studies examining this association in relation to proximal context effects, particularly in adolescence. Such findings would shed light on potential age- and proximal context-related variations in the anxiety-IA association that could better inform IA prevention and intervention initiatives. Methods In this study, 648 adolescents, embedded in 34 classrooms, were assessed at the age of 16 and again at the age of 18 to examine the effect of anxiety on IA behaviors in relation to the average level of classroom extraversion...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
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