keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Babar

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063134/how-can-pricing-and-reimbursement-policies-improve-affordable-access-to-medicines-lessons-learned-from-european-countries
#1
REVIEW
Sabine Vogler, Valérie Paris, Alessandra Ferrario, Veronika J Wirtz, Kees de Joncheere, Peter Schneider, Hanne Bak Pedersen, Guillaume Dedet, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
This article discusses pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies in European countries with regard to their ability to ensure affordable access to medicines. A frequently applied pricing policy is external price referencing. While it provides some benchmark for policy-makers and has been shown to be able to generate savings, it may also contribute to delay in product launch in countries where medicine prices are low. Value-based pricing has been proposed as a policy that promotes access while rewarding useful innovation; however, implementing it has proven quite challenging...
January 6, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062721/vascular-risk-factors-in-inph-a-prospective-case-control-study-the-inph-crash-study
#2
Hanna Israelsson, Bo Carlberg, Carsten Wikkelsö, Katarina Laurell, Babar Kahlon, Göran Leijon, Anders Eklund, Jan Malm
OBJECTIVE: To assess the complete vascular risk factor (VRF) profile of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (INPH) using a large sample of representative patients with INPH and population-based controls to determine the extent to which vascular disease influences INPH pathophysiology. METHODS: All patients with INPH who underwent shunting in Sweden in 2008-2010 were compared to age- and sex-matched population-based controls. Inclusion criteria were age 60-85 years and no dementia...
January 6, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050586/corrigendum-to-specifications-of-zno-growth-for-heterostructure-solar-cell-and-pc1d-based-simulations-data-brief-5-2015-516-521
#3
Babar Hussain, Abasifreke Ebong
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1016/j.dib.2015.09.050.].
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027469/biopolymer-induced-morphology-control-of-brushite-for-enhanced-defluorination-of-drinking-water
#4
Yanhong Chen, Chensi Shen, Sadia Rashid, Su Li, Babar Aijaz Ali, Jianshe Liu
Due to the relatively lower potential health risks as well as the good affinity for fluoride anion, calcium-based minerals have been widely carried out for the adsorption of fluoride. The improvement of adsorption capacity can be accomplished by regulation of particle size, shape and structure. Thus, here we report the controllable synthesis of petal-like nanosheets of brushite by using chitosan as a regulator. The addition of chitosan polymer in calcium precursor not only could serve ideal nucleation sites but also could play a vital role in confining the calcium phosphate aggregates and thus controlling the size of the brushite flakes...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002937/effect-of-increasing-dietary-metabolizable-protein-on-nitrogen-efficiency-in-holstein-dairy-cows
#5
Muhammad Imran, Talat Naseer Pasha, Muhammad Qamer Shahid, Imran Babar, Muhammad Naveed Ul Haque
The objective of the study was to determine the effects of increasing levels of metabolizable protein (MP) on lactation performance and nitrogen (N) efficiencies in lactating dairy cows. Nine multiparous cows in mid lactation [113±25 days in milk (DIM)] received three treatments in a 3×3 Latin square design with a period length of 21 days. The treatments were three diets, designed to provide similar energy and increasing supply of MP (g/d)-2371 (low), 2561 (medium), and 2711 (high) with corresponding crude protein (CP) levels (%)-15...
November 24, 2016: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994392/bottle-characteristics-of-topical-international-glaucoma-medications-versus-local-brands-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Nasser Al-Jumaian, Rizwan Malik, Rajiv Khandekar, Abdullah Al-Humaidan, Rana Al-Madany, Reham Al-Qahtani, Ahmed Altowairqi, Abdulwahab Al-Theeb, Babar Zaman, Leyla Al-Djasim, E Randy Craven, Deepak P Edward
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Physical bottle characteristics differ of brand name topical glaucoma medications and local generic equivalents. This study compares the bottle characteristics of international topical glaucoma brands versus local brands from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Data were collected on bottle drum volume, drop volume, bottle squeezability, bottle tip diameter, labels and instructions, cap color coding, and clarity of the drug label. Density-based calculations of drops in bottle volume were assessed using an analytic balance...
October 2016: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994202/studies-on-genetics-stability-and-possible-mechanism-of-deltamethrin-resistance-in-phenacoccus-solenopsis-tinsley-homoptera-pseudococcidae-from-pakistan
#7
Bushra Saddiq, Muhammad Babar Shahzad Afzal, Sarfraz Ali Shad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987662/effect-of-copper-addition-on-mechanical-properties-corrosion-resistance-and-antibacterial-property-of-316l-stainless-steel
#8
Tong Xi, M Babar Shahzad, Dake Xu, Ziqing Sun, Jinlong Zhao, Chunguang Yang, Min Qi, Ke Yang
The effects of addition of different Cu content (0, 2.5 and 3.5wt%) on mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and antibacterial performance of 316L austenitic stainless steel (SS) after solution and aging treatment were investigated by mechanical test, transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), electrochemical corrosion, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and antibacterial test. The results showed that the Cu addition and heat treatment had no obvious influence on the microstructure with complete austenite features...
February 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971962/a-qualitative-study-exploring-perception-and-attitudes-of-community-pharmacists-about-extended-pharmacy-services-in-lahore-pakistan
#9
F K Hashmi, M A Hassali, F Saleem, Z U Babar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27971013/pharmaceutical-pricing-strategies-in-developing-countries-a-systematic-review
#10
M I Mohamed Ibrahim, N M Abdel Rida, Z U Babar, Y Owusu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959875/fecal-indicator-and-ascaris-removal-from-double-pit-latrine-content
#11
Digbijoy Dey, A T M Ridwanul Haque, Babar Kabir, Sharmin Farhat Ubaid
Since May 2006, the BRAC Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Programme in Bangladesh has enabled more than 30 million people to achieve hygienic sanitation, contributing to an increase in sanitation coverage from 33 to 83% in programme areas and rapid progress towards universal access. In rural areas, most families have single pit latrines that need to be emptied when full. Since 2007, BRAC has promoted the use of hygienic double-pit latrines. Use of double-pit latrines, where appropriate, is also recommended in the Bangladeshi Draft National Water Supply and Sanitation Strategy...
December 2016: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933247/fault-tolerance-in-computational-grids-perspectives-challenges-and-issues
#12
REVIEW
Sajjad Haider, Babar Nazir
Computational grids are established with the intention of providing shared access to hardware and software based resources with special reference to increased computational capabilities. Fault tolerance is one of the most important issues faced by the computational grids. The main contribution of this survey is the creation of an extended classification of problems that incur in the computational grid environments. The proposed classification will help researchers, developers, and maintainers of grids to understand the types of issues to be anticipated...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924865/quantum-error-correction-protects-quantum-search-algorithms-against-decoherence
#13
Panagiotis Botsinis, Zunaira Babar, Dimitrios Alanis, Daryus Chandra, Hung Nguyen, Soon Xin Ng, Lajos Hanzo
When quantum computing becomes a wide-spread commercial reality, Quantum Search Algorithms (QSA) and especially Grover's QSA will inevitably be one of their main applications, constituting their cornerstone. Most of the literature assumes that the quantum circuits are free from decoherence. Practically, decoherence will remain unavoidable as is the Gaussian noise of classic circuits imposed by the Brownian motion of electrons, hence it may have to be mitigated. In this contribution, we investigate the effect of quantum noise on the performance of QSAs, in terms of their success probability as a function of the database size to be searched, when decoherence is modelled by depolarizing channels' deleterious effects imposed on the quantum gates...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904817/transitional-vertebra-and-spina-bifida-occulta-related-with-chronic-low-back-pain-in-a-young-patient
#14
Maryam Kundi, Maham Habib, Sumbal Babar, Asif K Kundi, Salman Assad, Amjad Sheikh
Bertolotti's syndrome (BS) must be considered as a differential diagnosis in a young patient presenting with low back pain (LBP). We present a case of a 26-year-old male complaining of mild chronic LBP for six years, radiating to his left thigh for the past six months. He has been taking non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with skeletal muscle relaxants for pain relief. The X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imagings showed congenital enlargement of the left transverse process of the fifth lumbar (L5) vertebra forming pseudo-articulation with the sacrum and unilateral pars interarticularis defect at the L4 level on the left side, respectively...
October 19, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895358/paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-presentation-prognostic-indicators-and-outcome-analysis-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-a-developing-country
#15
Badar Ujjan, Muhammad Waqas, Muhammad Babar Khan, Saqib Kamran Bakhshi, Muhammad Ehsan Bari
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. This study was conducted to report the presentation, management, outcomes and prognostic indicators in a large series of patients from a tertiary care centre in a developing country. It is a review of prospectively collected data of paediatric patients with TBI admitted at our centre between July 2010 and December 2013. A total of 291 patients with a mean age of 7.2±5.0 years were dichotomised into survivors and non-survivors, and variables were compared between the two groups...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893469/a-review-of-the-surgical-management-of-extrathoracic-solitary-fibrous-tumors
#16
Babar Kayani, Aadhar Sharma, Mathew D Sewell, Johnson Platinum, Andre Olivier, Timothy W R Briggs, Deborah M Eastwood
OBJECTIVES: Extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumors (ESFTs) are rare low-to-intermediate grade spindle-cell neoplasms of pluripotent fibroblastic or myofibroblastic origin. This review explores prognostic factors in the management of ESFTs and provides guidance on optimal treatment regimens based on the current literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic searches were performed using MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane library to identify studies on prognostic factors in the management of ESFTs published between January 1970 and June 2016...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884146/demographic-and-clinical-profiles-of-plasmodium-falciparum-and-plasmodium-vivax-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-in-southwestern-india
#17
Laura Chery, Jennifer N Maki, Anjali Mascarenhas, Jayashri T Walke, Pooja Gawas, Anvily Almeida, Mezia Fernandes, Marina Vaz, Rakesh Ramanan, Diksha Shirodkar, Maria Bernabeu, Suresh Kumar Manoharan, Ligia Pereira, Rashmi Dash, Ambika Sharma, Riaz Basha Shaik, Rimi Chakrabarti, Prasad Babar, John White, Devaraja G Mudeppa, Shiva Kumar, Wenyun Zuo, Kristen M Skillman, Usheer Kanjee, Caeul Lim, Kathryn Shaw-Saliba, Ashwani Kumar, Neena Valecha, V N Jindal, Anar Khandeparkar, Pradeep Naik, Sunanda Amonkar, Manoj T Duraisingh, Shripad Tuljapurkar, Joseph D Smith, Nagesh Dubhashi, Roque G W Pinto, Maria Silveria, Edwin Gomes, Pradipsinh K Rathod
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Though many comprehensive studies have been carried out in Africa and Southeast Asia to characterize and examine determinants of Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax malaria pathogenesis, fewer have been conducted in India. METHODS: A prospective study of malaria-positive individuals was conducted at Goa Medical College and Hospital (GMC) from 2012 to 2015 to identify demographic, diagnostic and clinical indicators associated with P...
November 25, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834593/an-mrs-and-pet-guided-biopsy-tool-for-intraoperative-neuronavigational-systems
#18
Matthew Grech-Sollars, Babar Vaqas, Gerard Thompson, Tara Barwick, Lesley Honeyfield, Kevin O'Neill, Adam D Waldman
OBJECTIVE Glioma heterogeneity and the limitations of conventional structural MRI for identifying aggressive tumor components can limit the reliability of stereotactic biopsy and, hence, tumor characterization, which is a hurdle for developing and selecting effective treatment strategies. In vivo MR spectroscopy (MRS) and PET enable noninvasive imaging of cellular metabolism relevant to proliferation and can detect regions of more highly active tumor. Here, the authors integrated presurgical PET and MRS with intraoperative neuronavigation to guide surgical biopsy and tumor sampling of brain gliomas with the aim of improving intraoperative tumor-tissue characterization and imaging biomarker validation...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826144/screening-of-nci-dtp-library-to-identify-new-drug-candidates-for-borrelia-burgdorferi
#19
Venkata Raveendra Pothineni, Dhananjay Wagh, Mustafeez Mujtaba Babar, Mohammed Inayathullah, R Edward Watts, Kwang-Min Kim, Mansi B Parekh, Abhijit Achyut Gurjarpadhye, David Solow-Cordero, Lobat Tayebi, Jayakumar Rajadas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 9, 2016: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811507/tissue-engineered-solutions-for-intracardiac-septal-defects-a-large-step-forward-in-an-unmet-clinical-need
#20
Aamir Hameed, Garry P Duffy, Babar Hasan, Saulat Husnain Fatimi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Annals of Surgery
keyword
keyword
82587
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"