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Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Greg M Osgood, Erik A Hasenboehler
OBJECTIVES: To determine the location of distal medial neurovascular structures, identifying a medial "safe zone" for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis to treat displaced femoral condylar fractures. METHODS: Eleven uninjured lower-half torsos were dissected on the bilateral medial lower thigh. A longitudinal incision was made at the midsagittal plane of the medial thigh starting 1 cm proximal to the knee joint and extending to the proximal one-third of the femur...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Matthew J Kolek, Amy J Graves, Meng Xu, Aihua Bian, Pedro Luis Teixeira, M Benjamin Shoemaker, Babar Parvez, Hua Xu, Susan R Heckbert, Patrick T Ellinor, Emelia J Benjamin, Alvaro Alonso, Joshua C Denny, Karel G M Moons, Ayumi K Shintani, Frank E Harrell, Dan M Roden, Dawood Darbar
Importance: Atrial fibrillation (AF) contributes to substantial morbidity, mortality, and health care expenditures. Accurate prediction of incident AF would enhance AF management and potentially improve patient outcomes. Objective: To validate the AF risk prediction model originally developed by the Cohorts for Heart and Aging Research in Genomic Epidemiology-Atrial Fibrillation (CHARGE-AF) investigators using a large repository of electronic medical records (EMRs)...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Cardiology
Emmanuel Bujold, Vicky Leblanc, Élise Lavoie-Lebel, Asma Babar, Mario Girard, Lionel Poungui, Claudine Blanchet, Isabelle Marc, Simone Lemieux, Abdous Belkacem, Elhadji Laouan Sidi, Sylvie Dodin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of high-flavanol and high-theobromine (HFHT) chocolate in women at risk of preeclampsia (PE). STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a single-center randomized controlled trial including women with singleton pregnancy between 11 and 14 weeks gestation who had bilateral abnormal uterine artery (UtA) waveforms (notching) and elevated pulsatility index (PI). Participants were randomized to either HFHT or low-flavanol and low-theobromine (LFLT) chocolate (30 grams daily for a total of 12 weeks)...
October 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Marcus Hards, Arisa Harada, Isobel Neville, Sheelagh Harwell, Mahwash Babar, Abdulsatar Ravalia, Giles Davies
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of serratus plane block performed under direct vision on postoperative pain after mastectomy. DESIGN: We performed a retrospective study of elective breast surgery patients undergoing mastectomy over 6 months. We collected data on the outcomes for the pain score and use of analgesia in recovery, the use of analgesia and antiemetics overnight, and the pain score and mobilization status of the patient 1 day after the operation...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Awad Ali, Dayang N A Jawawi, Mohd Adham Isa, Muhammad Imran Babar
Behaviour models are the most commonly used input for predicting the reliability of a software system at the early design stage. A component behaviour model reveals the structure and behaviour of the component during the execution of system-level functionalities. There are various challenges related to component reliability prediction at the early design stage based on behaviour models. For example, most of the current reliability techniques do not provide fine-grained sequential behaviour models of individual components and fail to consider the loop entry and exit points in the reliability computation...
2016: PloS One
Babar Kayani, Mathew David Sewell, Johnson Platinum, Andre Olivier, Timothy W R Briggs, Deborah M Eastwood
BACKGROUND: Congenital indifference to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA) is a rare hereditary neuropathy, which is associated with defective sensation to noxious stimuli and autonomic dysfunction. The objective of the study was to report on the orthopaedic manifestations of this condition and provide an evidence-based approach for management. METHODS: Retrospective review of 14 consecutive patients with CIPA referred to a single tertiary centre. Mean age of diagnosis was 2...
September 6, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Hamza Dar, Tahreem Zaheer, Muhammad Talha Rehman, Amjad Ali, Aneela Javed, Gohar Ayub Khan, Mustafeez Mujtaba Babar, Yasir Waheed
OBJECTIVE: To predict immunogenic promiscuous T cell epitopes from the polyprotein of the Zika virus using a range of bioinformatics tools. To date, no epitope data are available for the Zika virus in the IEDB database. METHODS: We retrieved nearly 54 full length polyprotein sequences of the Zika virus from the NCBI database belonging to different outbreaks. A consensus sequence was then used to predict the promiscuous T cell epitopes that bind MHC 1 and MHC II alleles using PorPred1 and ProPred immunoinformatic algorithms respectively...
September 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine
Nina Sundström, Jan Malm, Katarina Laurell, Fredrik Lundin, Babar Kahlon, Kristina G Cesarini, Göran Leijon, Carsten Wikkelsö
OBJECT: To present population-based and age related incidence of surgery and clinical outcome for adult patients operated for hydrocephalus, registered in the Swedish Hydrocephalus Quality Registry (SHQR). METHODS: All patients registered in SHQR during 2004-2011 were included. Data on age, gender, type of hydrocephalus and type of surgery were extracted as well as three months outcome for patients with idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). RESULTS: The material consisted of 2360 patients, 1229 men and 1131 women, age 63...
September 13, 2016: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Prasad H Babar, Vishakha Dey, Praveen Jaiswar, Swati Patankar
Many Plasmodium falciparum proteins do not share homology with, and are generally longer than their respective orthologs. This, to some extent, can be attributed to insertions. Here, we studied a P. falciparum RNA hypermethylase, trimethylguanosine synthase (PfTGS1) that harbors a 76 amino acid insertion in its methyltransferase domain. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that this insertion was present in TGS1 orthologs from other Plasmodium species as well. Interestingly, a classical nuclear localization signal (NLS) was predicted in the insertions of primate parasite TGS1 proteins...
September 9, 2016: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
Da Sun, Dake Xu, Chunguang Yang, Jia Chen, M Babar Shahzad, Ziqing Sun, Jinlong Zhao, Tingyue Gu, Ke Yang, Guixue Wang
The present study investigated the antibacterial performance, corrosion resistance and surface properties of antibacterial austenitic 317L-Cu stainless steel (317L-Cu SS). After 4.5wt% copper was added to 317L stainless steel (317L SS), the new alloy underwent solid solution and aging heat treatment. Fluorescent staining using 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) revealed that the 317L-Cu SS showed strong antibacterial efficacy, achieving a 99% inhibition rate of sessile Staphylococcus aureus cells after 5days...
December 1, 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Farah Naz Qamar, Umber Zaman, Farheen Quadri, Asia Khan, Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Iqbal Azam, Dilruba Nasrin, Karen Kotloff, Myron Levine, Nick Brown, Anita K M Zaidi
BACKGROUND: Pakistan is unfortunately among the five countries that contributed to the most deaths due to diarrhea and pneumonia in 2010. To explore factors associated with diarrheal deaths we assessed care-seeking behavior and other predictors of diarrhea-related mortality in children in selected low-income peri-urban communities of Karachi, Pakistan. METHODS: A mixed methods study (qualitative and quantitative) using matched case-control design and focus group discussions with parents of children with moderate to severe diarrhea (MSD) was undertaken...
December 2016: Journal of Global Health
Fatima I Lunze, Babar S Hasan, Kimberlee Gauvreau, David W Brown, Steven D Colan, Doff B McElhinney
BACKGROUND: Relief of postoperative right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) obstruction with transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) results in functional improvement in the short term which we investigated at baseline (BL), early follow-up (FU), and midterm FU after TPVR. METHODS: Echocardiography and cardiopulmonary exercise testing were performed at BL and at early (median 6 months) and midterm FU (median 2.5years) after TPVR. RESULTS: Patients with RVOT obstruction (n=22, median age 17years) were studied...
September 2016: American Heart Journal
Todd Gammie, Sabine Vogler, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
OBJECTIVE: To review the international body of literature from 2010 to 2015 concerning methods of economic evaluations used in hospital- and community-based studies of pharmacy services in publicly funded health systems worldwide, their clinical outcomes, and economic effectiveness. DATA SOURCES: The literature search was undertaken between May 2, 2015, and September 4, 2015. Keywords included "health economics" and "evaluation" "assessment" or "appraisal," "methods," "hospital" or "community" or "residential care," "pharmacy" or "pharmacy services" and "cost minimisation analysis" or "cost utility analysis" or "cost effectiveness analysis" or "cost benefit analysis...
September 1, 2016: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Tanya I Coulter, Anita Chandra, Chris M Bacon, Judith Babar, James Curtis, Nick Screaton, John R Goodlad, George Farmer, Cathal Laurence Steele, Timothy Ronan Leahy, Rainer Doffinger, Helen Baxendale, Jolanta Bernatoniene, J David M Edgar, Hilary J Longhurst, Stephan Ehl, Carsten Speckmann, Bodo Grimbacher, Anna Sediva, Tomas Milota, Saul N Faust, Anthony P Williams, Grant Hayman, Zeynep Yesim Kucuk, Rosie Hague, Paul French, Richard Brooker, Peter Forsyth, Richard Herriot, Caterina Cancrini, Paolo Palma, Paola Ariganello, Niall Conlon, Conleth Feighery, Patrick J Gavin, Alison Jones, Kohsuke Imai, Mohammad A A Ibrahim, Gašper Markelj, Mario Abinun, Frédéric Rieux-Laucat, Sylvain Latour, Isabelle Pellier, Alain Fischer, Fabien Touzot, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Anne Durandy, Siobhan O Burns, Sinisa Savic, D S Kumararatne, Despina Moshous, Sven Kracker, Bart Vanhaesebroeck, Klaus Okkenhaug, Capucine Picard, Sergey Nejentsev, Alison M Condliffe, Andrew James Cant
BACKGROUND: Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase δ syndrome (APDS) is a recently described combined immunodeficiency resulting from gain-of-function mutations in PIK3CD, the gene encoding the catalytic subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase δ (PI3Kδ). OBJECTIVE: We sought to review the clinical, immunologic, histopathologic, and radiologic features of APDS in a large genetically defined international cohort. METHODS: We applied a clinical questionnaire and performed review of medical notes, radiology, histopathology, and laboratory investigations of 53 patients with APDS...
July 16, 2016: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Azam Afzal, Shazia Babar
Lectures have been a cornerstone of medical education since the introduction of a discipline based curricular model more than two hundred years ago. Recently this instructional strategy has come under criticism because of its reliance on passive learning. There are still many medical schools that cover content predominantly through lectures due to its feasibility. With the introduction of the flipped classrooms, lectures have been given a new lease of life. Improving cognitive imprinting during lectures would enhance retrieval and promote long term storage...
August 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Sandeep Tiwari, Syed Babar Jamal, Leticia Castro Oliveira, Dominique Clermont, Chantal Bizet, Diego Mariano, Paulo Vinicius Sanches Daltro de Carvalho, Flavia Souza, Felipe Luiz Pereira, Siomar de Castro Soares, Luis C Guimarães, Fernanda Dorella, Alex Carvalho, Carlos Leal, Debmalya Barh, Henrique Figueiredo, Syed Shah Hassan, Vasco Azevedo, Artur Silva
In this work, we describe a set of features of Corynebacterium auriscanis CIP 106629 and details of the draft genome sequence and annotation. The genome comprises a 2.5-Mbp-long single circular genome with 1,797 protein-coding genes, 5 rRNA, 50 tRNA, and 403 pseudogenes, with a G+C content of 58.50%.
2016: Genome Announcements
Savyasachi C Thakkar, Rashmi S Thakkar, Norachart Sirisreetreerux, John A Carrino, Babar Shafiq, Erik A Hasenboehler
PURPOSE: Percutaneous sacroiliac (SI) fixation of unstable posterior pelvic ring injuries is a widely accepted procedure. The complex sacral anatomy with narrow osseous corridors for SI screw placement makes this procedure technically challenging. Techniques are constantly evolving as a result of better understanding of the posterior pelvic anatomy. Recently developed tools include fluoroscopy-based computer-assisted navigation, which can be two-dimensional (2D) or three-dimensional (3D)...
August 8, 2016: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Lilia M Correa-Selm, Tara Bronsnick, Babar K Rao, A Yasmine Kirkorian, Alan Marcus, Jisun Cha
A 70-year-old man was referred by his rheumatologist to our dermatology clinic for evaluation of dermatitis on his right arm that appeared 3 months earlier. The skin lesion was asymptomatic and the patient denied current systemic symptoms, including fever, chills, and joint pain; however, 10 months prior to this presentation he experienced arthritis in the left knee. At that time, Borrelia serology revealed positive IgG (6.07; <0.8 negative, 0.8 to 0.99 borderline, ≥1 positive) and negative IgM titers...
2016: Skinmed
Shah Fahad, Saddam Hussain, Shah Saud, Shah Hassan, Bhagirath Singh Chauhan, Fahad Khan, Muhammad Zahid Ihsan, Abid Ullah, Chao Wu, Ali Ahsan Bajwa, Hesham Alharby, Amanullah, Wajid Nasim, Babar Shahzad, Mohsin Tanveer, Jianliang Huang
High-temperature stress degrades the grain quality of rice; nevertheless, the exogenous application of plant growth regulators (PGRs) might alleviate the negative effects of high temperatures. In the present study, we investigated the responses of rice grain quality to exogenously applied PGRs under high day temperatures (HDT) and high night temperatures (HNT) under controlled conditions. Four different combinations of ascorbic acid (Vc), alpha-tocopherol (Ve), brassinosteroids (Br), methyl jasmonates (MeJA) and triazoles (Tr) were exogenously applied to two rice cultivars (IR-64 and Huanghuazhan) prior to the high-temperature treatment...
2016: PloS One
Norachart Sirisreetreerux, Babar Shafiq, Greg M Osgood, Erik A Hasenboehler
OBJECTIVES: To determine the location of distal medial neurovascular structures, identifying a medial "safe zone" for minimally invasive plate osteosynthesis to treat displaced femoral condylar fractures. METHODS: Eleven uninjured lower-half torsos were dissected on the bilateral medial lower thigh. A longitudinal incision was made at the midsagittal plane of the medial thigh starting 1 cm proximal to the knee joint and extending to the proximal one-third of the femur...
July 21, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
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