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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431256/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-of-neonates-undergoing-surgery-under-general-anesthesia-for-malrotation-of-intestines
#1
Suresh Birajdar, Shripada Rao, Judy McMichael
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to differentiate between the potential adverse effects of general anesthesia (GA) on the developing brain and the role of associated co-morbidities and syndromes that can adversely affect neurodevelopmental outcomes in neonates undergoing GA. Neonates with malrotation of the intestines without volvulus usually do not have co-morbidities or syndromes. In addition, majority of them recover very well after surgery and are discharged home within a few days. Neonates with malrotation are a clean cohort of babies to study the role of a single episode of GA on the developing brain...
April 18, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429364/application-of-gene-detection-technique-in-the-antenatal-diagnosis-of-hereditary-hearing-loss
#2
Y Fang, M-S Gu, F Suo, C-X Wang, X-H Liu, F-M Liu
OBJECTIVE: Gene chip and gene sequencing techniques were used to detect the main pathogenic genes in pregnant women with hereditary hearing loss. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From May 2015 to May 2016, 1080 pregnant in Xuzhou Maternal and Child Health Hospital were enrolled in this study. Women age range was 18 to 40 years. 4 genes and 9 mutation sites, including 4 sites (35delG, 176, 235delC and 299) in GJB2 gene, 2 sites (2168A>G and IVS-7-2A>G) in SLC26A4 (PDS) gene, 2 sites (1494C>T and 1555A>G) in 12s rRNA gene and 1 site (538C>T) in GJB3 gene, were detected using the GeeDom® 9-item hereditary hearing loss gene detection kit...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428741/assessing-auditory-processing-deficits-in-tinnitus-and-hearing-impaired-patients-with-the-auditory-behavior-questionnaire
#3
Isabel Diges, Francisco Simón, Pedro Cobo
Background and Purpose: Auditory processing disorders (APD), tinnitus and hearing loss (HL) are typical issues reported by patients in audiologic clinics. These auditory impairments can be concomitant or mutually excluding. APD are not necessarily accompanied by significant HL, whereas many adults exhibit peripheral HL and typical cognitive deficits often associated with APD. Since HL, tinnitus and APD affects to several parts of the ascending auditory pathway from the periphery to the auditory cortex, there could be some interrelationship between them...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428010/a-strategy-of-faster-movements-used-by-elderly-humans-to-lift-objects-of-increasing-weight-in-ecological-context
#4
Thomas Hoellinger, Joseph McIntyre, Lena Jami, Sylvain Hanneton, Guy Cheron, Agnes Roby-Brami
It is not known whether, during the course of ageing, changes occur in the motor strategies used by the CNS for lifting objects of different weights. Here, we analysed the kinematics of object-lifting in two different healthy groups (young and elderly people) plus one well known deafferented patient (GL). The task was to reach and lift onto a shelf an opaque cylindrical object with changing weight. The movements of the hand and object were recorded with electromagnetic sensors. In an ecological context (i.e...
April 17, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426889/concurrent-and-longitudinal-predictors-of-reading-for-deaf-and-hearing-children-in-primary-school
#5
Margaret Harris, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Fiona Elizabeth Kyle
Forty-one children with severe-profound prelingual hearing loss were assessed on single word reading, reading comprehension, English vocabulary, phonological awareness and speechreading at three time points, 1 year apart (T1-T3). Their progress was compared with that of a group of hearing children of similar nonverbal IQ, initially reading at the same level. Single word reading improved at each assessment point for the deaf children but there was no growth in reading comprehension from T2 to T3. There were no differences between children with cochlear implants and those with hearing aids on either reading measure but orally educated children had higher scores than children who signed in the classroom...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426888/adolescent-depression-differential-symptom-presentations-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-youth-using-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9
#6
Melanie L Bozzay, Kimberly N O'Leary, Alessandro S De Nadai, Kim Gryglewicz, Gabriela Romero, Marc S Karver
The present study examined differences in symptom presentation in screening for pediatric depression via evaluation of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). In particular, we examined whether PHQ-9 items function differentially among deaf and hard-of-hearing (DHH; n = 75) and hearing (n = 75) youth based on participants recruited from crisis assessment services. Multiple indicators multiple causes models were used to examine whether items of the PHQ-9 functioned differently between groups as well as whether there were group differences in the mean severity of depressive symptoms...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426028/-groping-in-the-dark-unheard-pain-2
#7
D J F Lambregts-van Marrewijk
For a very severely mentally disabled, deaf and blind man, it was always very difficult to carry out dental check-ups, diagnosis and treatment, even with pharmacologic support. The man cannot communicate pain. When caries and calculus were diagnosed, the man was treated under general anaesthesia. During this treatment session he was also found to have severe periodontal disease and peri-apical problems. The legal representative of the patient was unavailable for consultation on changes to the pre-prepared preliminary treatment plan...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424636/the-neural-basis-of-speech-perception-through-lipreading-and-manual-cues-evidence-from-deaf-native-users-of-cued-speech
#8
Mario Aparicio, Philippe Peigneux, Brigitte Charlier, Danielle Balériaux, Martin Kavec, Jacqueline Leybaert
We present here the first neuroimaging data for perception of Cued Speech (CS) by deaf adults who are native users of CS. CS is a visual mode of communicating a spoken language through a set of manual cues which accompany lipreading and disambiguate it. With CS, sublexical units of the oral language are conveyed clearly and completely through the visual modality without requiring hearing. The comparison of neural processing of CS in deaf individuals with processing of audiovisual (AV) speech in normally hearing individuals represents a unique opportunity to explore the similarities and differences in neural processing of an oral language delivered in a visuo-manual vs...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424466/the-role-of-the-brown-adipose-tissue-in-%C3%AE-3-adrenergic-receptor-activation-induced-sleep-metabolic-and-feeding-responses
#9
Éva Szentirmai, Levente Kapás
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is regulated by the sympathetic nervous system via β3-adrenergic receptors (β3-AR). Here we tested the hypothesis that pharmacological stimulation of β3-ARs leads to increased sleep in mice and if this change is BAT dependent. In wild-type (WT) animals, administration of CL-316,243, a selective β3-AR agonist, induced significant increases in non-rapid-eye movement sleep (NREMS) lasting for 4-10 h. Simultaneously, electroencephalographic slow-wave activity (SWA) was significantly decreased and body temperature was increased with a delay of 5-6 h...
April 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420778/empowering-adolescents-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing
#10
Johnnie Sexton
The adolescent years are challenging for all kids. If hearing loss is added into the mix, the issues faced by these teens are quite complex and require some skill development in advocacy, empowerment, and independence. This article will explore the emotional journey of the individual and the family.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420770/accommodating-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-employees
#11
Holly Stiles
Hearing loss is the 2nd most prevalent health issue around the world; in the US, about 1 in 5 people, and 3 in 5 combat veterans, have some amount of hearing loss [1]. Managers or supervisors will inevitably have an employee who has some degree of hearing loss. Employers have a legal obligation to make reasonable accommodations that enable employees with disabilities, including hearing loss, to be successful in the workplace.
March 2017: North Carolina Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420617/application-and-progress-of-high-throughput-sequencing-technologies-in-the-research-of-hereditary-hearing-loss
#12
Wang Cuicui, Yuan Huijun
Hearing loss (HL) is the most common birth defect. Elucidating the genetic basis of hereditary deafness can not only assist diagnosis, provide the basis for genetic counseling and the prevention of deafness, but also bring a deeper understanding of the disease pathogenesis. In the genomic era, high-throughput sequencing technologies, represented by whole genome sequencing (WGS), whole exome sequencing (WES) or target region sequencing, have been widely used in the studies of hereditary HL. Here, we summarize the application and progress of WES and target region sequencing in the research of causative genes and clinical molecular diagnosis of hereditary HL, hoping to be helpful for the development and improvement of clinical genetic diagnosis of deafness in China...
March 20, 2017: Yi Chuan, Hereditas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419769/nurse-practitioner-perceptions-of-barriers-and-facilitators-in-providing-health-care-for-deaf-american-sign-language-users-a-qualitative-socio-ecological-approach
#13
Kathy M Pendergrass, Lynne Nemeth, Susan D Newman, Carolyn M Jenkins, Elaine G Jones
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nurse practitioners (NPs), as well as all healthcare clinicians, have a legal and ethical responsibility to provide health care for deaf American Sign Language (ASL) users equal to that of other patients, including effective communication, autonomy, and confidentiality. However, very little is known about the feasibility to provide equitable health care. The purpose of this study was to examine NP perceptions of barriers and facilitators in providing health care for deaf ASL users...
April 17, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418411/-groping-in-the-dark-unheard-pain-2
#14
D J F Lambregts-van Marrewijk
For a very severely mentally disabled, deaf and blind man, it was always very difficult to carry out dental check-ups, diagnosis and treatment, even with pharmacologic support. The man cannot communicate pain. When caries and calculus were diagnosed, the man was treated under general anaesthesia. During this treatment session he was also found to have severe periodontal disease and peri-apical problems. The legal representative of the patient was unavailable for consultation on changes to the pre-prepared preliminary treatment plan...
April 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418275/factors-influencing-cochlear-patency-after-translabyrinthine-surgery
#15
Brian Rodgers, Emily Stucken, Aaron Metrailer, Eric Sargent
Objective To determine predictive factors for cochlear obliteration after translabyrinthine surgery for vestibular schwannoma. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Neurotology referral center. Subjects and Methods In total, 345 charts were reviewed, resulting in 103 patients who underwent translabyrinthine surgery between January 2010 and July 2015 and had postoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for review. Surveillance MRI performed after translabyrinthine resection of vestibular schwannomas was reviewed...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417108/factors-prognostic-of-season-associated-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-a-retrospective-observational-study
#16
In Yong Ryu, Sang Hyun Park, Eun Bin Park, Ho Joong Kim, Sang Hoon Kim, Seung Geun Yeo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study examined whether the prognosis of sudden deafness was dependent on the time of onset and evaluated the factors affecting prognosis during each period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients who developed sudden hearing loss from January 2005 to December 2015 were evaluated retrospectively. Meteorological data were obtained from the official website of the Korea Meteorological Administration. Factors prognostic of hearing recovery rate were analyzed...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417105/substitution-patterns-of-phoneme-errors-in-hearing-aid-and-cochlear-implant-users
#17
Woojae Han, Hyungi Chun, Gibbeum Kim, In-Ki Jin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: It is acknowledged that speech perceptual errors are increased in listeners who have sensorineural hearing loss as noise increases. However, there is a lack of detailed information for their error pattern. The purpose of the present study was to analyze substitution patterns of phoneme errors in Korean hearing aid (HA) and cochlear implant (CI) users who are postlingually deafened adults. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In quiet and under two noise conditions, the phoneme errors of twenty HA and fourteen CI users were measured by using monosyllabic words, and a substitution pattern was analyzed in terms of manner of articulation...
April 2017: Journal of Audiology & Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416204/-they-must-understand-we-are-people-pregnancy-and-maternity-service-use-among-signing-deaf-women-in-cape-town
#18
Margaret W Gichane, Marion Heap, Mayara Fontes, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities are at disproportionate risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, however, there is limited information on their pregnancy histories. This mixed-methods study focuses on signing Deaf women whose access to health care may be compromised by language barriers related to their disability. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the pregnancy outcomes and maternity service use of a sample of signing Deaf women of child-bearing age in Cape Town to the population of the Western Cape of South Africa...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414693/systematic-review-on-the-trial-period-for-bone-conduction-devices-in-single-sided-deafness-rates-and-reasons-for-rejection
#19
Anne W Wendrich, Tiuri E Kroese, Jeroen P M Peters, Guido Cattani, Wilko Grolman
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to evaluate the trial period of bone conduction devices (BCDs) for adult patients with single-sided deafness (SSD). DATA SOURCES: The PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from their inception up to August 15, 2016 for SSD, BCD, and their synonyms. STUDY SELECTION: In total, 523 articles were retrieved, of which 12 satisfied the eligibility quality criteria. Our outcomes of interest were: 1) the BCD implantation rejection percentage, 2) reasons to reject BCD implantation, and 3) possible prognostic factors predicting the trial outcome...
April 14, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414275/a-new-hypothesis-on-the-frequency-discrimination-of-the-cochlea
#20
Erdoğan Bulut, Cem Uzun, Levent Öztürk, Pınar Turan, Mehmet Kanter, Serap Arbak
OBJECTIVE: Medial olivocochlear efferent (MOCE) neurons innervate outer hair cells (OHCs) of the cochlea, which in turn leads to basilar membrane motion. We hypothesized that MOCE-induced alterations in basilar membrane motion, independent of traveling waves, is responsible for the cochlear frequency discrimination of sound. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eleven guinea pigs underwent bilateral otoscopic and audiologic evaluations under general anesthesia. The study comprised two parts...
April 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
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