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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110519/examining-the-nutritional-quality-of-food-and-beverage-consumed-at-melbourne-aquatic-and-recreation-centres
#1
Tara Boelsen-Robinson, Alexandra Chung, Marianne Khalil, Evelyn Wong, Ariana Kurzeme, Anna Peeters
OBJECTIVE: Examine the nutritional quality of food and beverages consumed across a sample of community aquatic and recreation centres in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: Interviewer-administered surveys of randomly selected patrons attending four aquatic and recreation centres were conducted to ascertain food and beverage items consumed over two data collection periods (May-June 2014, January-February 2015). We selected centres in and around metropolitan Melbourne with a sit-down cafeteria and children's swimming classes...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110517/cultural-safety-and-belonging-for-refugee-background-women-attending-group-pregnancy-care-an-australian-qualitative-study
#2
Elisha Riggs, Sumaiya Muyeen, Stephanie Brown, Wendy Dawson, Pauline Petschel, Waan Tardiff, Fiona Norman, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jo Szwarc, Jane Yelland
BACKGROUND: Refugee women experience higher incidence of childbirth complications and poor pregnancy outcomes. Resettled refugee women often face multiple barriers accessing pregnancy care and navigating health systems in high income countries. METHODS: A community-based model of group pregnancy care for Karen women from Burma was co-designed by health services in consultation with Karen families in Melbourne, Australia. Focus groups were conducted with women who had participated to explore their experiences of using the program, and whether it had helped them feel prepared for childbirth and going home with a new baby...
January 22, 2017: Birth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110512/sugar-content-of-supermarket-beverages-commonly-consumed-by-children-in-new-zealand
#3
Lynne Chepulis, Gael J Mearns, Kelly Skinner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110501/worldwide-variability-in-growth-and-its-association-with-health-incorporating-body-composition-developmental-plasticity-and-intergenerational-effects
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan C K Wells
In their seminal book "Worldwide variation in human growth," published in 1976, Eveleth and Tanner highlighted substantial variability within and between populations in the magnitude and schedule of human growth. In the four decades since then, research has clarified why growth variability is so closely associated with human health. First, growth patterns are strongly associated with body composition, both in the short- and long-term. Poor growth in early life constrains the acquisition of lean tissue, while compensatory "catch-up" growth may elevate body fatness...
January 22, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110492/what-are-the-determinants-of-food-security-among-regional-and-remote-western-australian-children
#5
Stephanie L Godrich, Christina R Davies, Jill Darby, Amanda Devine
OBJECTIVE: To explore how determinants of food security affect children in regional and remote Western Australia (WA), across food availability, access and utilisation dimensions. METHODS: The Determinants of Food Security framework guided the thematic analysis (using NVivo 10) of semi-structured interviews with 20 key informants. RESULTS: Food availability factors included availability, price, promotion, quality, location of outlets and variety...
January 22, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110481/pregnancy-associated-transient-osteoporosis-of-the-hip-results-of-a-case-control-study
#6
Peyman Hadji, Jelena Boekhoff, Melitta Hahn, Lars Hellmeyer, Olaf Hars, Ioannis Kyvernitakis
: The etiology and underlying mechanisms of transient of osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) during pregnancy are still unclear, since no systematic analyses exist. Our results support the hypothesis that TOH is a multifactorial disease, which is associated with immobility, dental problems, and lack of exercise in childhood. INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-associated transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a rare but severe form of osteoporosis, which may affect a subgroup of women in the last trimester of pregnancy or immediately postpartum...
December 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110441/human-cryptosporidiosis-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Reza Berahmat, Adel Spotin, Ehsan Ahmadpour, Mahmoud Mahami-Oskouei, Azim Rezamand, Nayyereh Aminisani, Morteza Ghojazadeh, Roghayeh Ghoyounchi, Tahereh Mikaeili-Galeh
Cryptosporidiosis caused by Cryptosporidium spp. is an important parasitic disease that can be life-threatening for children and immunocompromised patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to determine the prevalence rate of Cryptosporidium infection and related risk factors among the Iranian general population. We searched electronic databases including Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus and Proquest for articles in English and SID, Magiran, IranMedex, and IranDoc for articles in Persian...
January 21, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110423/accuracy-and-evaluation-of-a-new-regression-equation-in-predicting-the-width-of-unerupted-permanent-canines-and-premolar-teeth
#8
A Bhatnagar, A A Sinha, S Chaudhary, N Manuja, H Kaur, T R Chaitra
AIM: To assess the applicability of two regression equations based on mixed dentition analysis and to propose and evaluate a new regression equation using the mandibular incisors and first permanent molars as predictors in calculating the size of unerupted permanent canines and premolar teeth in school children. METHODS: Dental study casts of 100 children (50 males and 50 females) aged 11-14 years from schools situated in Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India were used...
January 21, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110420/the-availability-and-marginal-costs-of-dependent-employer-sponsored-health-insurance
#9
G Edward Miller, Jessica Vistnes, Matthew Buettgens, Lisa Dubay
In this study, we examine differences by firm size in the availability of dependent coverage and the incremental cost of such coverage. We use data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey - Insurance Component (MEPS-IC) to show that among employees eligible for single coverage, dependent coverage was almost always available for employees in large firms (100 or more employees) but not in smaller firms, particularly those with fewer than 10 employees. In addition, when dependent coverage was available, eligible employees in smaller firms were more likely than employees in large firms to face two situations that represented the extremes of the incremental cost distribution: (1) they paid nothing for single or family coverage or (2) they paid nothing for single coverage but faced a high contribution for family coverage...
January 21, 2017: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110418/occurrence-of-atypical-hus-associated-with-influenza-b
#10
Karen van Hoeve, Corinne Vandermeulen, Marc Van Ranst, Elena Levtchenko, Lambert van den Heuvel, Djalila Mekahli
: Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is a disease characterized by thrombotic microangiopathy with a triad of non-immune hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and renal impairment. Approximately 10% of cases of HUS are classified as atypical (aHUS). While today many genetically forms of aHUS pathology are known, only about 50% of carriers precipitate the disease. The reason remains unclear, and triggering events like intercurrent infections have been postulated. In rare cases, influenza A is the known trigger of aHUS; however, no cases of influenza B have been reported...
January 21, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110411/development-of-the-siope-dipg-network-registry-and-imaging-repository-a-collaborative-effort-to-optimize-research-into-a-rare-and-lethal-disease
#11
Sophie E M Veldhuijzen van Zanten, Joshua Baugh, Brooklyn Chaney, Dennis De Jongh, Esther Sanchez Aliaga, Frederik Barkhof, Johan Noltes, Ruben De Wolf, Jet Van Dijk, Antonio Cannarozzo, Carin M Damen-Korbijn, Jan A Lieverst, Niclas Colditz, Marion Hoffmann, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Brigitte Bison, David T W Jones, Dominik Sturm, Gerrit H Gielen, Chris Jones, Esther Hulleman, Raphael Calmon, David Castel, Pascale Varlet, Géraldine Giraud, Irene Slavc, Stefaan Van Gool, Sandra Jacobs, Filip Jadrijevic-Cvrlje, David Sumerauer, Karsten Nysom, Virve Pentikainen, Sanna-Maria Kivivuori, Pierre Leblond, Natasha Entz-Werle, Andre O von Bueren, Antonis Kattamis, Darren R Hargrave, Péter Hauser, Miklos Garami, Halldora K Thorarinsdottir, Jane Pears, Lorenza Gandola, Giedre Rutkauskiene, Geert O Janssens, Ingrid K Torsvik, Marta Perek-Polnik, Maria J Gil-da-Costa, Olga Zheludkova, Liudmila Shats, Ladislav Deak, Lidija Kitanovski, Ofelia Cruz, Andres Morales La Madrid, Stefan Holm, Nicolas Gerber, Rejin Kebudi, Richard Grundy, Enrique Lopez-Aguilar, Marta Zapata-Tarres, John Emmerik, Tim Hayden, Simon Bailey, Veronica Biassoni, Maura Massimino, Jacques Grill, William P Vandertop, Gertjan J L Kaspers, Maryam Fouladi, Christof M Kramm, Dannis G van Vuurden
Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) is a rare and deadly childhood malignancy. After 40 years of mostly single-center, often non-randomized trials with variable patient inclusions, there has been no improvement in survival. It is therefore time for international collaboration in DIPG research, to provide new hope for children, parents and medical professionals fighting DIPG. In a first step towards collaboration, in 2011, a network of biologists and clinicians working in the field of DIPG was established within the European Society for Paediatric Oncology (SIOPE) Brain Tumour Group: the SIOPE DIPG Network...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110387/caffeine-intake-during-pregnancy-in-different-intrauterine-environments-and-its-association-with-infant-anthropometric-measurements-at-3-and-6-months-of-age
#12
Thamíris Santos de Medeiros, Juliana Rombaldi Bernardi, Mariana Lopes de Brito, Vera Lucia Bosa, Marcelo Zubaran Goldani, Clécio Homrich da Silva
Objective To investigate the association between maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy and infant anthropometric measurements at age 3 and 6 months. Methods Longitudinal observational study of mother-child pairs stratified into five groups: diabetic women (DM), hypertensive women (HYP), smoking mothers (SMO), mothers of infants small for gestational age (SGA), and controls (CTL). Pairs were recruited from three public hospitals in Porto Alegre, Brazil, from 2011 to 2015, using a convenience sampling strategy...
January 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110382/economic-evaluations-alongside-efficient-study-designs-using-large-observational-datasets-the-pleasant-trial-case-study
#13
Matthew Franklin, Sarah Davis, Michelle Horspool, Wei Sun Kua, Steven Julious
BACKGROUND: Large observational datasets such as Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) provide opportunities to conduct clinical studies and economic evaluations with efficient designs. OBJECTIVES: Our objectives were to report the economic evaluation methodology for a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) of a UK NHS-delivered public health intervention for children with asthma that was evaluated using CPRD and describe the impact of this methodology on results...
January 21, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110366/atomoxetine-treatment-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-comprehensive-meta-analysis-of-outcomes-on-parent-rated-core-symptomatology
#14
REVIEW
Jessica L Gayleard, Matthew P Mychailyszyn
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) impacts a significant number of children and adolescents and often leads to deleterious functional impairment. Psychostimulant medication has historically been the first line of pharmacological intervention, though recent years have seen greater attention paid to non-stimulant alternatives. The objective of the present study was to conduct the most comprehensive meta-analysis to date evaluating the efficacy of atomoxetine in reducing core symptomatology of ADHD according to parent report...
January 21, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110362/adult-onset-intradural-spinal-teratoma-report-of-18-consecutive-cases-and-outcomes-in-a-single-center
#15
Wei Wan, Cheng Yang, Wangjun Yan, Tielong Liu, Xinghai Yang, Dianwen Song, Jianru Xiao
STUDY DESIGN: Eighteen consecutive patients with adult-onset intradural spinal teratoma underwent surgical treatment in our center from 1998 to 2013. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Teratoma is defined as a neoplasm composed of elements derived from three germ cell layers (ectoderm, endoderm and mesoderm). Intraspinal teratoma is extremely rare and accounts for 0.2-0.5% of all spinal cord tumors. Moreover, teratoma occurs primarily in neonates and young children. Adult-onset intradural spinal teratoma is even rare...
January 21, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110291/the-best-interests-of-a-child-a-tragedy-in-three-parts-cahs-v-kiszko-anor-2016-fcwa-19-cahs-v-kiszko-anor-2016-fcwa-34-and-cahs-v-kiszko-anor-2016-fcwa-75
#16
Bernadette J Richards, Michaela E Okninski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 21, 2017: Medical Law Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110285/validation-of-a-clinical-screening-instrument-for-tumour-predisposition-syndromes-in-patients-with-childhood-cancer-tups-protocol-for-a-prospective-observational-multicentre-study
#17
Floor A M Postema, Saskia M J Hopman, Corianne A J M de Borgie, Peter Hammond, Raoul C Hennekam, Johannes H M Merks, Cora M Aalfs, Jakob K Anninga, Lieke Pv Berger, Fonnet E Bleeker, Eveline Sjm de Bont, Corianne Ajm de Borgie, Charlotte J Dommering, Natasha Ka van Eijkelenburg, Peter Hammond, Raoul C Hennekam, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Saskia Mj Hopman, Marjolijn Cj Jongmans, Wijnanda A Kors, Tom Gw Letteboer, Jan Lcm Loeffen, Johannes Hm Merks, Maran Jw Olderode-Berends, Floor Am Postema, Anja Wagner
INTRODUCTION: Recognising a tumour predisposition syndrome (TPS) in patients with childhood cancer is of significant clinical relevance, as it affects treatment, prognosis and facilitates genetic counselling. Previous studies revealed that only half of the known TPSs are recognised during standard paediatric cancer care. In current medical practice it is impossible to refer every patient with childhood cancer to a clinical geneticist, due to limited capacity for routine genetic consultation...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110282/socioeconomic-disparities-in-birth-weight-and-body-mass-index-during-infancy-through-age-7%C3%A2-years-a-study-within-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#18
Camilla Schmidt Morgen, Per Kragh Andersen, Laust Hvas Mortensen, Laura D Howe, Mette Rasmussen, Pernille Due, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in birth weight and in body mass index (BMI) later in childhood are in opposite directions, which raises questions about when during childhood the change in direction happens. We examined how maternal and paternal education and household income were associated with birthweight z-scores and with BMI z-scores at age 5 and 12 months and 7 years, and we examined the socioeconomic differences in the tracking of these z-scores across infancy and childhood...
January 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110265/comparative-effectiveness-of-two-disparate-policies-on-child-health-experimental-evidence-from-the-philippines
#19
John W Peabody, Stella Quimbo, Jhiedon Florentino, Riti Shimkhada, Xylee Javier, David Paculdo, Dean Jamison, Orville Solon
BACKGROUND  : Should health systems invest more in access to care by expanding insurance coverage or in health care services including improving the quality of care? Comparing these options experimentally would shed light on the impact and cost-effectiveness of these strategies. METHODS  : The Quality Improvement Demonstration Study (QIDS) was a randomized policy experiment conducted across 30 districts in the Philippines. The study had a control group and two policy intervention groups intended to improve the health of young children...
January 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110260/road-traffic-injuries-among-children-and-adolescents-in-singapore-who-is-at-greatest-risk
#20
Shu-Ling Chong, Arif Tyebally, Su Yah Chew, Yang Chern Lim, Xun Yi Feng, Sock Teng Chin, Lois K Lee
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric road traffic injuries remain a significant cause of death and disability in many countries in Asia, despite the implementation of road traffic safety laws. We aim to describe the injuries, the use of restraints among road users, and risk factors associated with severe injuries for children in Singapore. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of road traffic injuries presenting to the only two pediatric tertiary care hospitals in Singapore, from January 2012 to April 2016...
January 19, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
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