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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334711/-serologic-surveillance-indicators-analysis-among-syphilis-infected-pregnant-women-in-east-china
#2
L X Dou, Q Wang, X Y Wang, Y P Qiao, M Su, X Jin, A L Wang
Objective: To analyze serologic surveillance indicators during pregnancy among syphilis-infected women who delivered in 2013 in East China. Methods: Data were from national 'Information System of Prevention of Mother-to-child Transmission of HIV, syphilis and HBV Management' and in total 5 206 syphilis-infected pregnant women who delivered in 2013 and in East China were involved in the analysis. Information on demographic characters, laboratory tests, and treatment regimens were collected. The maternal non-treponemal testing surveillance and titer distribution were described and compare the proportions between pregnant women receiving standard testing and non-standard testing, taking baseline testing and testing before delivery or at the third trimester...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334705/-gestational-weight-gain-and-optimal-ranges-in-chinese-mothers-giving-singleton-and-full-term-births-in-2013
#3
J Wang, Y F Duan, X H Pang, S Jiang, S A Yin, Z Y Yang, J Q Lai
Objective: To analyze the status of gestational weight gain (GWG) among Chinese mothers who gave singleton and full-term births, and to look at optimal GWG ranges. Methods: In 2013, using the multi-stage stratified and population proportional cluster sampling method, we investigated 8 323 mother-child pairs at their 0-24 months postpartum from 55 counties (cities/districts) of 30 provinces (except Tibet) in mainland China. Questionnaire was used to collect data on body weight before pregnancy and delivery, diseases during gestation, hemorrhage or not at postpartum, child birth weight and length, and other information about pregnant outcomes...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334693/the-frequency-of-family-meals-and-nutritional-health-in-children-a-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
M Dallacker, R Hertwig, J Mata
Findings on the relationship between family meal frequency and children's nutritional health are inconsistent. The reasons for these mixed results have to date remained largely unexplored. This systematic review and meta-analysis of 57 studies (203,706 participants) examines (i) the relationship between family meal frequency and various nutritional health outcomes and (ii) two potential explanations for the inconsistent findings: sociodemographic characteristics and mealtime characteristics. Separate meta-analyses revealed significant associations between higher family meal frequency and better overall diet quality (r = 0...
January 15, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334641/do-clinically-anxious-children-cluster-according-to-their-expression-of-factors-that-maintain-child-anxiety
#5
Samantha Pearcey, Anna Alkozei, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Helen Dodd, Kou Murayama, Suzannah Stuijfzand, Cathy Creswell
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is an effective treatment for childhood anxiety disorders, yet a significant proportion of children do not benefit from it. CBT for child anxiety disorders typically includes a range of strategies that may not all be applicable for all affected children. This study explored whether there are distinct subgroups of children with anxiety disorders who are characterized by their responses to measures of the key mechanisms that are targeted in CBT (i...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334626/parenting-predicts-strange-situation-cortisol-reactivity-among-children-adopted-internationally
#6
Carrie E DePasquale, K Lee Raby, Julie Hoye, Mary Dozier
The functioning of the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis can be altered by adverse early experiences. Recent studies indicate that children who were adopted internationally after experiencing early institutional rearing and unstable caregiving exhibit blunted HPA reactivity to stressful situations. The present study examined whether caregiving experiences post-adoption further modulate children's HPA responses to stress. Parental sensitivity during naturalistic parent-child play interactions was assessed for 66 children (M age = 17...
January 4, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334617/chains-of-risk-for-alcohol-use-disorder-mediators-of-exposure-to-neighborhood-deprivation-in-early-and-middle-childhood
#7
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Sara L Lönn, Won K Cook, Kenneth S Kendler, Kristina Sundquist
Our goal was to test a cascade model to identify developmental pathways, or chains of risk, from neighborhood deprivation in childhood to alcohol use disorder (AUD) in young adulthood. Using Swedish general population data, we examined whether exposure to neighborhood deprivation during early and middle childhood was associated with indicators of social functioning in adolescence and emerging adulthood, and whether these were predictive of AUD. Structural equation models showed exposure to neighborhood deprivation was associated with lower school achievement during adolescence, poor social functioning during emerging adulthood, and the development of AUD for both males and females...
January 12, 2018: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334605/induction-chemotherapy-plus-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-versus-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-alone-in-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#8
Yang Li, Lin-Quan Tang, Li-Ting Liu, Shan-Shan Guo, Yu-Jing Liang, Xue-Song Sun, Qing-Nan Tang, Jin-Xin Bei, Jing Tan, Shuai Chen, Jun Ma, Chong Zhao, Qiu-Yan Chen, Hai-Qiang Mai
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and toxicity of induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) compared with CCRT alone for the treatment of children and adolescent locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LACANPC). Patients and Methods: A total of 194 locoregionally advanced NPC patients younger than 21 years who received CCRT with or without IC before were included in the study population...
January 8, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334594/thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-in-patients-with-loss-of-function-filamin-a-mutations-clinical-characterization-genetics-and-recommendations
#9
Ming Hui Chen, Sangita Choudhury, Mami Hirata, Siri Khalsa, Bernard Chang, Christopher A Walsh
The frequency and gender distribution of thoracic aortic aneurysm as a cardiovascular manifestation of loss-of-function (LOF) X-linked FilaminA (FLNA) mutations are not known. Furthermore, there is very limited cardiovascular morbidity or mortality data in children and adults. We analyzed cardiac data on the largest series of 114 patients with LOF FLNA mutations, both children and adults, with periventricular nodular heterotopia (PVNH), including 48 study patients and 66 literature patients, median age of 22...
February 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334567/pediatric-vascular-trauma-practice-patterns-and-resource-availability-a-survey-of-acs-designated-pediatric-trauma-centers
#10
Patrick C Bonasso, Lori A Gurien, Samuel D Smith, Marie E Saylors, M Sidney Dassinger
BACKGROUND: Variation exists in pediatric vascular trauma management. We aim to determine practice patterns for vascular trauma management at American College of Surgeons (ACS) verified pediatric trauma centers and evaluate the resources available for management of vascular trauma at both freestanding children's hospitals (FSCH) and pediatric hospitals within general adult hospitals (PHGAH). METHODS: Pediatric surgeons and trauma medical directors at ACS designated pediatric surgery trauma centers completed a survey designed to evaluate anticipated management of traumatic arterial injuries and resource availability...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334565/reversal-of-intestinal-failure-in-children-with-tufting-enteropathy-supported-with-parenteral-nutrition-at-home
#11
Iona Ashworth, Alexander Wilson, Samuel Aquilina, Raymond Parascandalo, Victor Mercieca, Jurgen Gerada, Sarah Macdonald, Venetia Simchowitz, Susan Hill
OBJECTIVES: To review long-term outcome of Intestinal Epithelial Dysplasia(IED)/tufting enteropathy(TE) patients treated with parenteral nutrition(PN) at home managed by an intestinal failure(IF) rehabilitation service METHODS:: Infants presenting from 1986-2010 with IF, and TE histology were retrospectively reviewed for up to 30 years. Data collected included: outcome, presentation, nutrition(parenteral/enteral), country of residence, race, EpCAM gene, growth, bone age, occupation. RESULTS: 13 patients (6 male) in Malta and the UK with TE histology were established on home PN...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334551/rapid-decline-of-hiv-1-dna-and-rna-in-infants-starting-very-early-art-may-pose-a-diagnostic-challenge
#12
Kirsten A Veldsman, Jean Maritz, Shahieda Isaacs, Mary Grace Katusiime, Anita Janse Van Rensburg, Barbara Laughton, John W Mellors, Mark F Cotton, Gert U van Zyl
OBJECTIVE: Birth diagnosis of HIV-1 infection offers an ideal opportunity for early antiretroviral treatment (ART) to limit HIV-1 reservoir size and limit disease progression. Although data on cellular HIV-1 DNA decay exist for children commencing treatment from 2-3 months of age, data is lacking for starting shortly after birth. DESIGN: We studied infants who initiated ART within 8 days after birth to assess HIV-1 DNA levels longitudinally. METHODS: Children were recruited from public health clinics in Cape Town where birth diagnosis of HIV-1 coupled with early ART initiation occurred...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334536/nationwide-trend-analysis-of-pediatric-inpatients-with-immune-thrombocytopenia-in-the-united-states
#13
Yusuke Okubo, Atsuhiko Handa
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported the epidemiology of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) among children in the United States and other countries. However, recent trends in ITP among hospitalized children and hospital course remain unknown at a national level in the United States. METHOD: Hospital discharge records of patients with ITP aged 19 years and younger were obtained for the years 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 using the Kids' Inpatient Database. Data were weighted to estimate the annual hospitalization rates in the United States with trend analyses...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334535/simultaneous-presentation-of-wilms-tumor-and-contralateral-ganglioneuroma-in-a-child-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Zuhal Bayramoglu, Ibrahim Adaletli, Emine Caliskan, Isin Kilicaslan, Cagla S Karaoglan, Alaattin Celik, Feryal Gun Soysal, Sema B Bay, Bulent Zulfikar
We demonstrate a 4-year-old girl who presented with progressive, asymmetrical, firm abdominal distention and was diagnosed with synchronous Wilms' tumor and left para-aortic ganglioneuroma (GN). Although synchronous tumors in the pediatric population are commonly associated with malignancy-predisposing syndromes, the patient in question was found to be otherwise healthy and had no clinical evidence nor family history of a syndrome. This case is the second one in the literature diagnosed with synchronous presentation of Wilms' tumor and GN in a previously healthy child...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334510/comparing-peri-operative-complications-of-paediatric-and-adult-anaesthesia-a-retrospective-cohort-study-of-81%C3%A2-267-cases
#15
Andrie C Westerkamp, A Fred de Geus, Bouwe Molenbuur, Peter Meyer, J K Götz Wietasch, Michel M R F Struys, Herman G D Hendriks
BACKGROUND: Comparisons of peri-operative complications associated with paediatric (≤16 years) and adult anaesthesia are poorly available, especially in which cardiac surgery, organ transplantation and neurosurgery are involved. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nature and incidence of peri-operative complications that might be due to anaesthesia and to identify independent risk factors for complications in children and adults, including those undergoing cardiac surgery, organ transplantation and neurosurgery...
January 13, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334446/pediatric-community-acquired-pneumonia
#16
Stephanie Posten, Jennifer Reed
Pediatric community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is frequently encountered by medical providers and is one of the most common reasons for hospital admission. CAP is known to cause significant morbidity and mortality, causing greater than 2 million deaths annually worldwide in children younger than five years old. The Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) released guidelines in 2011 with recommendations regarding appropriate diagnosis and management of community acquired pneumonia for children greater than 3 months age, with the goal of assisting providers in clinical decision making...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334442/a-rare-initial-presentation-of-primary-diffuse-leptomeningeal-pnet-in-a-10-year-old-male
#17
Peter Paul Lim, Jagadeesh Ramdas, Michal Ann Miller, Conrad Schuerch, George Wu
Primary leptomeningeal primitive neuroectodermal tumors (PNETs) are extremely rare childhood central nervous system malignancies harboring a very poor prognosis. There is no consensus treatment for these tumors to date. We report a case of a 10-year-old male who presented with mental status change, hydrocephalus, intracranial and spinal diffuse leptomeningeal enhancement without a primary mass upon cranial imaging and a negative initial biopsy until five months into his presentation. He responded significantly well to initial chemotherapy and radiotherapy...
December 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334310/dendritic-polyglycerol-nanoparticles-show-charge-dependent-bio-distribution-in-early-human-placental-explants-and-reduce-hcg-secretion
#18
Herbert Juch, Liudmila Nikitina, Sabine Reimann, Martin Gauster, Gottfried Dohr, Barbara Obermayer-Pietsch, Denise Hoch, Karin Kornmueller, Rainer Haag
A thorough understanding of nanoparticle bio-distribution at the feto-maternal interface will be a prerequisite for their diagnostic or therapeutic application in women of childbearing age and for teratologic risk assessment. Therefore, the tissue interaction of biocompatible dendritic polyglycerol nanoparticles (dPG-NPs) with first- trimester human placental explants were analyzed and compared to less sophisticated trophoblast-cell based models. First-trimester human placental explants, BeWo cells and primary trophoblast cells from human term placenta were exposed to fluorescence labeled, ∼5 nm dPG-NPs, with differently charged surfaces, at concentrations of 1 µM and 10 nM, for 6 and 24 h...
January 15, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334300/the-impact-of-early-molecular-response-in-children-and-adolescents-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-treated-with-imatinib-a-single-center-study-from-china
#19
Haigang Shao, Zhao Zeng, Jiannong Cen, Jun Zhang, Shuxiao Bai, Chunxiao Wu, Yanlei Gong, Yong Wang, Huiying Qiu, Suning Chen, Jinlan Pan
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is rare among children and adolescents. The early molecular response (EMR) is an important prognostic significance for adult CML patients. This study explored the impact of EMR on the prognosis in 40 children and adolescents with CML-CP treated with imatinib (IM). Our results showed that a high proportion of patients failed to achieve the BCR-ABL1/ABL1 International Scale (IS) ≤ 10% at 3 months. Children with a BCR-ABL1/ABL1 ≤ 10% at 3 months and <1% at 6 months increased the rate of achieving complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) and/or major molecular response (MMR) at 12 months compared to those with BCR-ABL1/ABL1 > 10%...
January 15, 2018: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334287/efficacy-and-safety-of-alpha-blockers-in-medical-expulsive-therapy-for-ureteral-stones-a-mixed-treatment-network-meta-analysis-and-trial-sequential-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#20
Kannan Sridharan, Gowri Sivaramakrishnan
Alpha blockers (AB) are the main group of drugs used for medical expulsive therapy (MET) in patients with ureteral stones. However, there is no consensus on the relative efficacy and safety of individual AB in MET. Areas covered: The present work is a network meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing AB with either placebo or standard of care in patients with ureteral stones. Electronic databases of Medline, Cochrane CENTRAL and Google Scholar were searched for eligible clinical studies. Inverse variance heterogeneity model was used for mixed treatment comparisons...
January 15, 2018: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
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