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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078115/usefulness-and-feasibility-of-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-colorectal-tumor-a-nationwide-multicenter-retrospective-study-in-korea
#1
Ji Hye Kim, Il Hyun Baek, Kyoung Oh Kim, Hyun Joo Jang, Gwang Ho Baik, Chang Kyun Lee, Kyeong Won Min
BACKGROUND: Detection rate of precursor lesion of colorectal cancer and early colon cancer have recently been rising because of increased screening endoscopy and increased incidence of colorectal cancer. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) technique has been reported to be useful in the treatment of such superficial lesions in colon. However, nationwide multicenter study for usefulness and feasibility of colorectal ESD is still limited. METHODS: From January 2009 to February 2014, colorectal ESD data performed at nationwide university hospitals were enrolled in retrospective design...
December 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073355/factors-associated-with-improvement-or-decline-in-cognitive-function-after-an-ischemic-stroke-in-korea-the-korean-stroke-cohort-for-functioning-and-rehabilitation-kosco-study
#2
Jin A Yoon, Deog Young Kim, Min Kyun Sohn, Jongmin Lee, Sam-Gyu Lee, Yang-Soo Lee, Eun Young Han, Min Cheol Joo, Gyung-Jae Oh, Junhee Han, Minsu Park, Kyung Pil Park, Kyung-Ha Noh, Won Hyuk Chang, Yong-Il Shin, Yun-Hee Kim
BACKGROUND: We conducted a prospective cohort study to investigate prevalence of poststroke cognitive impairment at 3 and 12 months after stroke onset and identify clinical and demographic factors associated with improvement or decline in cognitive function between 3 months and 12 months. METHODS: We analyzed the cognitive assessments of total patients and patients older than 65 years separately. All patients with an ischemic stroke were divided into normal cognitive group (NCG) and impaired cognition group (ICG) by using a cutoff score on the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070318/piceatannol-exhibits-anti-inflammatory-effects-on-macrophages-interacting-with-adipocytes
#3
Takayuki Yamamoto, Yongjia Li, Yuki Hanafusa, Yu-Sheng Yeh, Hiroko Maruki-Uchida, Shinpei Kawakami, Masahiko Sai, Tsuyoshi Goto, Tatsuhiko Ito, Teruo Kawada
Piceatannol (PIC), a natural analog of resveratrol (RES), is a phytochemical found in passion fruit seeds. To clarify the effects of PIC on obesity-induced inflammation in adipose tissue, we investigated the anti-inflammatory activity of PIC-related compounds (PIC, RES, and metabolites from PIC) in culture models of obese adipose tissue. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and conditioned medium from 3T3-L1 adipocytes (3T3-L1-CM) enhanced proinflammatory gene expression and synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in RAW264...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067797/unconventional-pathways-of-secretion-contribute-to-inflammation
#4
REVIEW
Michael J D Daniels, David Brough
In the conventional pathway of protein secretion, leader sequence-containing proteins leave the cell following processing through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi body. However, leaderless proteins also enter the extracellular space through mechanisms collectively known as unconventional secretion. Unconventionally secreted proteins often have vital roles in cell and organism function such as inflammation. Amongst the best-studied inflammatory unconventionally secreted proteins are interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-1α, IL-33 and high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1)...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063682/recurrence-rates-in-pediatric-patients-undergoing-microsurgical-subinguinal-varicocelectomy-with-and-without-testicular-delivery
#5
Chang Il Choi, Kyung Chae Park, Tae Ho Lee, Young Kwon Hong
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine if testicular delivery during microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy (MSV) reduces varicocele recurrence rates in pediatric patients. Testicular delivery during MSV enables ligation of the gubernacular veins, which is thought to reduce the likelihood of varicocele recurrence. However, recent studies have suggested that testicular delivery during MSV does not offer any beneficial effect and, therefore, may be optional or unnecessary...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063327/serum-levels-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-are-elevated-in-patients-with-active-lupus-nephritis
#6
Aline L Resende, Rosilene M Elias, Myles Wolf, Luciene M Dos Reis, Fabiana G Graciolli, Geuza D Santos, Cristiane B Dias, Vanda Jorgetti, Viktoria Woronik, Rosa M A Moysés
BACKGROUND: Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a phosphate-regulating hormone is an established cardiovascular risk factor. Recently, FGF23 has been related to inflammation. Lupus is an inflammatory disease, and whether FGF23 is associated with Lupus nephritis (LN) activity is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 15 pre-menopausal patients with recent LN diagnose (⩽2months) and compared them to 1:1 age-matched healthy control group. We measured serum levels of intact FGF23, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), and urinary levels of monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP1)...
January 4, 2017: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063044/characterization-of-group-2-innate-lymphoid-cells-in-allergic-airway-inflammation-models-in-the-mouse
#7
Bobby W S Li, Dior M J M Beerens, Maarten D Brem, Rudi W Hendriks
Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory lung disease mediated by type 2 cytokines produced by T helper 2 (Th2) cells as well as the recently discovered group 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2). Due to a lack of unique markers, the accurate phenotypic characterization and quantification of ILC2 requires a comprehensive panel of fluorescently labeled antibodies. The markers that are currently used to characterize ILC2 have not been standardized and often vary between research groups, which poses significant challenges when comparing data...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063040/a-mouse-model-for-atopic-dermatitis-using-topical-application-of-vitamin-d3-or-of-its-analog-mc903
#8
Verena Moosbrugger-Martinz, Matthias Schmuth, Sandrine Dubrac
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic relapsing inflammatory skin disease with pruritus and high prevalence. Indeed, 15-30 % of children and 2-10 % of adults from industrialized countries are affected. Acute AD lesions are characterized by epidermal hyperplasia associated with a dominant Th2/Th17 immune response and dermal inflammatory infiltrates. Moreover, the expression of alarmins such as TSLP, IL-33, and IL-25 is upregulated in acute AD lesions. Topical application of vitamin D3 or of its low-calcemic analog MC903 induces changes in skin morphology and inflammation resembling immune perturbations observed in acute lesions of patients with AD...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060106/interleukin-6-and-interleukin-8-levels-correlate-with-the-severity-of-aplastic-anemia-in-children
#9
Vineeta Gupta, Sushil Kumar, Rimjhim Sonowal, Surya K Singh
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in patients with aplastic anemia and its correlation with severity of the disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IL-6 and IL-8 levels were measured in 40 patients with aplastic anemia in the age group of 4 to 14 years. A total of 40 healthy children served as controls. Quantitative estimation of IL-6 and IL-8 was performed using a solid-phase sandwich ELISA kit. Results were presented as IL-6 and IL-8 concentrations in pg/mL...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058630/il-33-acts-as-a-foe-to-mia-paca-2-pancreatic-cancer
#10
Yujiang Fang, Lei Zhao, Huaping Xiao, Kathryn M Cook, Qian Bai, Elizabeth J Herrick, Xuhui Chen, Chenglu Qin, Ziwen Zhu, Mark R Wakefield, Michael B Nicholl
IL-33 is a member of the IL-1 family of cytokines, and no study has been performed to address its direct anti-tumor effect. This study is designed to investigate whether IL-33 has any direct effect on pancreatic cancer. Clonogenic survival assay, immunohistochemistry, TUNEL staining, proliferation, caspase-3 activity kits and RT-PCR were used to evaluate the effects of IL-33 on cell survival, proliferation and apoptosis of a pancreatic cancer cell line, MIA PaCa-2. We found that the percentage of colonies of MIA PaCa-2 cells, PCNA+ cells and the OD value of cancer cells were all decreased in the presence of IL-33...
February 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053321/functionality-and-opposite-roles-of-two-interleukin-4-haplotypes-in-immune-cells
#11
G Anovazzi, M C Medeiros, S C Pigossi, L S Finoti, T M Souza Moreira, M P A Mayer, C F Zanelli, S R Valentini, C Rossa-Junior, R M Scarel-Caminaga
Cytokines expression can be influenced by polymorphisms in their respective coding genes. We associated the CTI/TTD haplotype (Hap-1) and TCI/CCI haplotype (Hap-2) in the IL4 gene formed by the -590, +33 and variable number of tandem repeat polymorphisms with the severity of chronic periodontitis in humans. The functionality of these IL4 haplotypes in the response of immune cells to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) with Ionomycin and IL-1β (as inflammatory stimuli) was evaluated. Gene expression (quantitative real-time PCR), profile of secreted cytokines (multiplex) and phenotypic polarization of T cells (flow cytometry) were the outcomes assessed...
January 5, 2017: Genes and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053237/highly-selective-cleavage-of-cytokines-and-chemokines-by-the-human-mast-cell-chymase-and-neutrophil-cathepsin-g
#12
Zhirong Fu, Michael Thorpe, Rahel Alemayehu, Ananya Roy, Jukka Kervinen, Lawrence de Garavilla, Magnus Åbrink, Lars Hellman
Human mast cell chymase (HC) and human neutrophil cathepsin G (hCG) show relatively similar cleavage specificities: they both have chymotryptic activity but can also cleave efficiently after leucine. Their relatively broad specificity suggests that they may cleave almost any substrate if present in high enough concentrations or for a sufficiently long time. A number of potential substrates have been identified for these enzymes and, recently, these enzymes have also been implicated in regulating cytokine activity by cleaving numerous cytokines and chemokines...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051794/%C3%A2-effects-of-interleukin-4-and-interleukin-12b-gene-polymorphisms-on-hepatitis-b-virus-vaccination
#13
Eun Youn Roh, Eun Young Song, Jong Hyun Yoon, Sohee Oh, Ju Young Chang, Hyunwoong Park, Soo Hyun Seo, Sue Shin
 Approximately 10% of individuals do not respond to hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination, i.e. non-responders (NRs). We aimed to investigate the association of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-12B gene polymorphisms with responsiveness to the HBV vaccine in Korean infants. Among 300 healthy infants (9-12 month), SNPs for the IL-4 gene (rs2243250, rs2070874, and rs2227284) and for the IL-12B gene (rs3213094 and rs17860508) were compared between subgroups in terms of the response to HBV vaccination. The percentages of NRs (< 10 mIU/mL), low-titer responders (LRs, 10-100 mIU/mL), and high-titer responders (HRs, ≥ 100 mIU/mL) were 20...
January 2017: Annals of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051120/erratum-il-33-contributes-to-schistosoma-japonicum-induced-hepatic-pathology-through-induction-of-m2-macrophages
#14
Hui Peng, Qixian Zhang, Xiaojuan Li, Zhen Liu, Jia Shen, Rui Sun, Jie Wei, Jia Zhao, Xiaoying Wu, Feng Feng, Shuping Zhong, Xi Sun, Zhongdao Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049868/expression-of-epithelial-cell-derived-cytokine-genes-in-the-duodenal-and-colonic-mucosae-of-dogs-with-chronic-enteropathy
#15
Hironari Osada, Misato Ogawa, Ayana Hasegawa, Makoto Nagai, Junsuke Shirai, Kazuaki Sasaki, Minoru Shimoda, Hiroshi Itoh, Hirotaka Kondo, Keitaro Ohmori
It remains unclear whether epithelial cell-derived cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-25, IL-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), contribute to development of canine chronic enteropathy (CE), which includes antibiotic-responsive enteropathy (ARE), food-responsive enteropathy (FRE) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In the present study, we examined mRNA expression of il-25, il-33 and tslp in the duodenal and colonic mucosae of dogs with ARE, FRE and IBD. Real-time PCR analysis revealed that mRNA expression of il-33 was significantly lower in the duodenum in dogs with FRE than in healthy dogs...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048900/su-f-t-43-prediction-of-dose-increments-by-brain-metastases-resection-cavity-shrinkage-model-with-i-125-and-cs-131-ldr-seed-implantations
#16
D Han, S Braunstein, P Sneed, M McDermott, L Ma
PURPOSE: This work aims to determine dose variability via a brain metastases resection cavity shrinkage model (RC-SM) with I-125 or Cs-131 LDR seed implantations. METHODS: The RC-SM was developed to represent sequential volume changes of 95 consecutive brain metastases patients. All patients underwent serial surveillance MR and change in cavity volume was recorded for each patient. For the initial resection cavity, a prolate-ellipsoid cavity model was suggested and applied volume shrinkage rates to correspond to 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045954/the-rs7044343-polymorphism-of-the-interleukin-33-gene-is-associated-with-decreased-risk-of-developing-premature-coronary-artery-disease-and-central-obesity-and-could-be-involved-in-regulating-the-production-of-il-33
#17
Javier Angeles-Martínez, Rosalinda Posadas-Sánchez, Luis Llorente, Edith Alvarez-León, Julian Ramírez-Bello, Teresa Villarreal-Molina, Guadalupe Lima, Guillermo Cardoso-Saldaña, José Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez, Nonanzit Pérez-Hernández, José Manuel Fragoso, Carlos Posadas-Romero, Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón
AIM: The effect of interleukin 33 (IL-33) in the inflammatory process generates significant interest in the potential significance of IL-33 as a biomarker for coronary artery disease (CAD). Here, our objective was to analyze whether IL-33 gene polymorphisms are associated with premature CAD in a case-control association study. METHODS: Four IL-33 polymorphisms (rs7848215, rs16924144, rs16924159 and rs7044343) were genotyped by 5' exonuclease TaqMan assays in 1095 patients with premature CAD and 1118 controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045451/cooperative-reinforcement-of-ionic-liquid-and-reactive-solvent-on-enzymatic-synthesis-of-caffeic-acid-phenethyl-ester-as-an-in-vitro-inhibitor-of-plant-pathogenic-bacteria
#18
Yan Xu, Sheng Sheng, Xi Liu, Chao Wang, Wei Xiao, Jun Wang, Fu-An Wu
It is widely believed that lipases in ionic liquids (ILs) possess higher enzyme activity, stability and selectivity; however, reaction equilibrium is always limited by product inhibition, and the product is difficult to separate from non-volatile ILs using distillation. To solve this problem, using trialkylphosphine oxide (TOPO) as a complexing agent, a novel biphase of reactive solvent and IL was firstly reported for caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) production from methyl caffeate (MC) and 2-phenylethanol (PE) catalyzed by lipase via transesterification...
January 2, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044058/allergy-neonatal-il-33-drives-allergy
#19
Lydia Shipman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043521/interleukin-10-gene-polymorphism-is-associated-with-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-during-the-intensive-phase-of-standard-chemotherapy
#20
Butov Dmytro, Kuzhko Mykhailo, Butova Tetyana Kuzhko
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To study whether interleukin (IL)-10 gene polymorphism is associated with multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) during the intensive phase of standard chemotherapy. METHODS: The study comprised 170 individuals in Kharkiv region of Ukraine including 74 patients with pulmonary MDR TB (Group 1), 66 patients without MDR TB (Group 2), and 30 healthy donors (Group 3). Serum level of IL-10 was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (pg/L)...
December 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
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