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Physical assessment

Vinicius Zanetti, Christopher Carling, Marcelo S Aoki, Paul S Bradley, Alexandre Moreira
Zanetti, V, Carling, C, Aoki, MS, Bradley, PS, and Moreira, A. Are there differences in elite youth soccer player work rate profiles in congested vs. regular match schedules? J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Official international tournaments in which youth soccer players participate can involve very congested schedules. Yet, no information regarding physical and technical match performance during congested vs. regular (noncongested) cycles is available. In this study, accelerations, decelerations, mean metabolic power (MP), and technical performance (offensive and defensive variables) were compared across very congested match (VCM; 10 international matches played over 3 successive days, including 2 days with 2 consecutive matches separated by a 4- to 5-hour interval) and 10 regular (noncongested match [NCM]) match periods in elite male Under 15 (U15, n = 11) and Under 17 (U17, n = 13) soccer players...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Johan A Snoek, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Arnoud W J van 't Hof, Eva Prescott, Maria T Hopman, Evelien Kolkman, Ed P de Kluiver
INTRODUCTION: Although exercise therapy has the potential to improve health outcomes of patients with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF), less than 50% of patients adhere to prescribed physical activity guidelines one year after Cardiac Rehabilitation (CR). We aimed to assess the effects of an extended CR program with 12-months of Graded Exercise Therapy (GET) and resistance exercise training (RT) on exercise capacity and long-term survival in patients with CHF. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included sixty CHF patients between 2009 and 2010...
June 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Laura Iacorossi, Francesca Gambalunga, Simona Molinaro, Rosaria De Domenico, Diana Giannarelli, Alessandra Fabi
BACKGROUND: Upper extremity lymphedema is a complication that often occurs in women with breast cancer as a result of surgery and/or radiotherapy. Some studies report that a boating activity known as the "dragon boat" sport can benefit these women. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess whether this type of sport prevents or reduces lymphedema, its impact on quality of life (QoL), and the possible predictors of this condition. METHODS: This was an observational study of 2 groups: group A (women who participated in dragon boat racing for at least 6 months) and group B (women who participated in other forms of physical exercise biweekly)...
June 22, 2018: Cancer Nursing
Leslie A Sadownik, Paul J Yong, Kelly B Smith
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: To systematically evaluate the literature regarding vulvodynia treatment outcome measures. METHODS: A systematic literature search on OVID, PubMed, and PsycINFO databases was conducted from inception until May 2016. Studies were included/excluded based on prespecified criteria. Reported outcome measures were organized into 6 core outcome domains recommended by the Initiative on Methods, Measurement, and Pain Assessment in Clinical Trials (IMMPACT): pain; physical functioning, emotional functioning, participant ratings of global improvement and satisfaction with treatment, symptoms and adverse events, and participant disposition...
July 2018: Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease
Jonathan H Chen, Parastou Shilian, Justin Cheongsiatmoy, Andres A Gonzalez
PURPOSE: Intraoperative neurophysiologic monitoring involves the use of various modalities, including somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP), to assess the integrity of the at-risk nervous system during surgeries. Reliable baseline tracings are important because they are data against which future tracings are compared to detect potential injury. In some cases, adequate baselines may be difficult to achieve. Therefore, we analyzed several patient-specific factors to determine which variables are associated with inadequate intraoperative SEP baseline signals...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
M Gabarrón, O Babur, J M Soriano-Disla, A Faz, J A Acosta
Pyrite ash is a residue from the roasting of pyrite ores to obtain sulphuric acid used in the fertiliser industry and its production is widely extended worldwide. The mismanagement of this waste may result in environmental and health damages due to its physico-chemical characteristics. The main objective of this study was to examine the physico-chemical and mineralogical composition of roasted pyrite ash from an abandoned fertiliser company, and to evaluate the environmental risk caused by the wind and water dispersion of metals posed by this waste...
June 18, 2018: Chemosphere
S M T Cavalcanti, C Nunes, S A C Lima, J L Soares-Sobrinho, S Reis
An adapted methodology for obtaining lipid nanoparticles that only uses the microwave reactor in the synthesis process was developed. The method has the following features: one-pot, one-step, fast, practical, economical, safe, readiness of scaling-up, lack of organic solvents and production of nanoparticles with low polydispersity index (PDI) (below 0.3). This new method was applied for the development of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) loaded with a hydrophilic drug, the antiretroviral agent zidovudine (AZT)...
June 19, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Justin DiSanti, Caroline Lisee, Karl Erickson, David Bell, Michael Shingles, Christopher Kuenze
Study Design Phenomenographic, cross-sectional. Background Adolescent athletes struggle to return to sport (RTS) following ACL reconstruction (ACLR) for a number of physical and psychosocial reasons. The ability to incorporate contextual evidence obtained directly from patients with the growing body of quantitative rehabilitation research may aid clinicians in taking an evidence-based approach to rehabilitation and return to sports within the adolescent population.. Objectives To assess perceived barriers to RTS as well as positive and negative factors influencing recovery among high school athletes with recent history of ACLR...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Corey R Hart, Gwenael Layec, Joel D Trinity, Yann Le Fur, Jayson R Gifford, Heather L Clifton, Russell S Richardson
Evidence suggests that peak skeletal muscle mitochondrial ATP synthesis rate (Vmax ) in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) may be attenuated due to disease-related impairments in oxygen (O2 ) supply. However, in vitro assessments suggest intrinsic deficits in mitochondrial respiration despite ample O2 availability. To address this conundrum, Doppler ultrasound, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31 P-MRS), and high-resolution respirometry were combined to assess convective O2 delivery, tissue oxygenation, Vmax , and skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity (Complex I+II, State 3 respiration), respectively, in the gastrocnemius muscle of 10 patients with early-stage PAD and 11 physical activity-matched healthy controls (HC)...
June 22, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Jennifer R Bail, Andrew D Frugé, Mallory G Cases, Jennifer F De Los Santos, Julie L Locher, Kerry P Smith, Alan B Cantor, Harvey J Cohen, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
BACKGROUND: The current study assessed the feasibility of a mentored home-based vegetable gardening intervention and examined changes in health-related outcomes among breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: BCS were randomized to either a year-long vegetable gardening intervention to begin immediately or a wait-list control. Master Gardeners mentored participants in planning, planting, and maintaining 3 seasonal gardens over the course of 1 year. Participant accrual, retention, and satisfaction rates of ≥80% served as feasibility (primary outcome) benchmarks...
June 22, 2018: Cancer
Young Sik Park, Jinwoo Lee, Bhumsuk Keum, Byung-Mo Oh
The scientific evidence supporting pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) for lung cancer patients undergoing cytotoxic chemotherapy is accumulating; however, the feasibility of outpatient-based PR in these patients has not yet been evaluated in Korea. We conducted an eight-week outpatient-based PR feasibility study in a tertiary referral hospital setting. Patients with advanced lung cancer (non-small cell lung cancer IIIB-IV and small-cell lung cancer extensive disease) scheduled to undergo first-line cytotoxic chemotherapy underwent PR consisting of 60-minute sessions twice a week under the guidance and supervision of a physical therapist, for a total of eight weeks...
June 22, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
M K Bean, K S Ingersoll, P Powell, M Stern, R K Evans, E P Wickham, S E Mazzeo
The aim of this study is to examine outcomes from MI Values, a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention implemented adjunctive to obesity treatment. Adolescents (n = 99; 73% African American; 74% female; mean body mass index [BMI] percentile = 98.9 ± 1.2) were randomized to receive two MI sessions or education control. All adolescents participated in structured behavioural weight management treatment. Baseline, 3- and 6-month assessments of anthropometrics, dietary intake and physical activity were obtained...
June 21, 2018: Clinical Obesity
Emma Gliddon, Victoria Cosgrove, Lesley Berk, Sue Lauder, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, David Grimm, Seetal Dodd, Carolyn Coulson, Karishma Raju, Trisha Suppes, Michael Berk
OBJECTIVES: MoodSwings 2.0 is an online self-guided intervention for bipolar disorder that includes educational modules, interactive tools, and discussion forums. The primary aim of the study was to determine if participation in MoodSwings 2.0 would result in decreased symptoms of depression and mania compared to the control condition. Secondary aims were to identify improvements in core depression symptoms, quality of life, medication adherence, functioning, and time to relapse. METHODS: This was a three-arm randomized controlled trial that compared two intervention arms against a peer support control group (forum)...
June 21, 2018: Bipolar Disorders
Conran Joseph, Breiffni Leavy, Sara Mattsson, Lynn Falk, Erika Franzén
BACKGROUND: Translating evidence into practice requires adaptation to facilitate the implementation of efficacious interventions. A novel highly challenging balance training program (HiBalance) was found to improve gait, balance, and physical activity in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD) in an earlier randomized controlled trial. This study aimed to describe the adaptation process and feasibility of implementing the HiBalance program for PD within primary healthcare settings. METHOD: Feasibility was assessed in terms of study processes and scientific evaluation...
June 21, 2018: Brain and Behavior
Marjan Mansourian, Akram Yazdani, Elham Faghihimani, Ashraf Aminorraya, Masoud Amini, Tohid Jafari-Koshki
AIMS: Pre-diabetes is a strong risk factor for type 2diabetes (T2D). The aim of this study was to explore factors associated with normal glucose maintenance and pre-diabetes prevention or delay. METHODS: Data of 1016 first-degree relatives of T2D patients were retrieved from the Isfahan Diabetes Prevention Study (IDPS). Association of various variables including nutrients, serum tests and physical activity with the risk of pre-diabetes was assessed using recurrent events approach...
June 22, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
Nazila Kassaian, Awat Feizi, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Parvaneh Jafari, Maryam Tajabadi Ebrahimi, Masoud Amini
AIMS: Probiotics and/or prebiotics could be a promising approach to improve metabolic disorders by favorably modifying the gut microbial composition. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of probiotics and synbiotic on glycemic indices in prediabetic individuals who are at risk of type 2 diabetes and its complications. METHODS: In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled parallel-group clinical trial, 120 prediabetic adults participated and were randomly allocated to receive either probiotics or synbiotic or placebo supplements for 24 weeks...
June 22, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Daniel Santos, Jeannette R Mahoney, Gilles Allali, Joe Verghese
Background: Physical activity regimens are beneficial for older adults with Parkinson's disease; however, their beneficial effect on individuals with mild parkinsonian signs (MPS) who do not meet criteria for Parkinson's disease is not established. The current observational study aims to determine the cognitive and motor impact of physical activity in older adults with MPS over a 1-year period. Methods: Three hundred and forty-one individuals underwent medical and neurologic assessment of MPS at baseline...
June 27, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Ioannis Basinas, Araceli Sánchez Jiménez, Karen S Galea, Martie van Tongeren, Fintan Hurley
Background: Establishing the routes of exposure is a fundamental component of the risk assessment process for every dangerous substance. The present study systematically reviews the available literature to assess the relevance of the different routes and forms of exposure that are of concern for the protection of workers during the manufacture, handling, or end-use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs). Methods: A systematic review of the peer-reviewed literature published between 2000 and 2015 was completed...
June 21, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Mia Erickson, Marisa Birkmeier, Melissa Booth, Laurita M Hack, Julie Hartmann, Debbie A Ingram, Janet M Jackson-Coty, Vicki L LaFay, Emma Wheeler, Shawne Soper
Background: In 2015, the American Council for Academic Physical Therapy (ACAPT) developed 3 strategic initiative panels to address integrated clinical education, student readiness, and common terminology for physical therapist clinical education. Objective: The purpose of this paper is to describe the results of the work from the common terminology panel. Design: This was a descriptive, consensus-based study. Methods: Using a consensus process and data that were collected from a review of literature, a document analysis of core and historical professional documents, focus group discussions, and an online open-comment period, panel members developed a glossary for physical therapist clinical education...
June 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
Lauren T Ptomey, Amanda N Szabo, Erik A Willis, J Leon Greene, Jessica C Danon, Richard A Washburn, Daniel E Forsha, Joseph E Donnelly
Purpose: Adults with Down syndrome are less physically active than their typically developed peers. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of delivering moderate-to- vigorous exercise sessions, led by a trained health educator using real-time video conferencing, to groups of young adults with Down syndrome in their homes. Methods: Participants were randomized to 30-minute group exercise sessions either 1 or 2 times a week delivered on an iPad mini tablet computer using the Zoom video conferencing application, and were asked to attend individual support/education sessions once a week using FaceTime® on the iPad, for 12 weeks...
April 15, 2018: Translational Journal of the American College of Sports Medicine
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