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Physical assessment

Émilie Petitclerc, Luc J Hébert, Jean Mathieu, Johanne Desrosiers, Cynthia Gagnon
INTRODUCTION: Lower limb strength has never been characterized separately for late-onset and adult Myotonic Dystrophy Type 1 (DM1) phenotypes. METHODS: The purpose was to: 1) describe and compare lower limb strength between the 2 DM1 phenotypes, and 2) compare the impairment profiles obtained from 2 assessment methods [manual (MMT) and quantitative (QMT) muscle testing], among 107 patients. RESULTS: Both MMT and QMT showed more pronounced weakness in the adult phenotype...
October 26, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
Kathia Sandoval, Yan Ding, Piero Gardinali
Comprehensive characterization of exposure media used in toxicology studies is still an area of significant divergence when evaluating potential oil spill impacts. When preparing exposure media used for toxicology testing, small variations in simple parameters such as mixing energy, oil type and loading can significantly affect the concentration of the oil components to which test organisms are exposed. The key goal of this study was compare and contrast the physical and chemical compositions of oil water mixtures prepared using fresh and weathered Macondo-related oils under different conditions of mixing and in the presence/absence of chemical dispersants...
October 23, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
C D C Neves, A C R Lacerda, V K S Lage, L P Lima, R Tossige-Gomes, S F Fonseca, E Rocha-Vieira, M M Teixeira, V A Mendonça
Chronic exposure to cigarette smoke seems to be related to an increase of pro-inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress and changes in muscular and physical performances of healthy smokers. However, these parameters have not yet been evaluated simultaneously in previous studies. The participants of this study were healthy males divided into two groups: smokers (n=20) and non-smokers (n=20). Inflammation was evaluated by measuring plasma levels of the cytokines IL-10, IL-6 e TNF-α, and of the soluble receptors sTNFR1 and sTNFR2...
October 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Wiliam César Alves Machado, Vera Maria da Silva, Rafael André da Silva, Ricardo Luiz Ramos, Nébia Maria Almeida de Figueiredo, Elen Martins da Silva Castelo Branco, Luciana Krauss Rezende, Mônica de Almeida Carreiro
The present qualitative study was conducted in the second semester of 2014 via interviews with 12 doctors and 13 nurses working as managers at a large hospital that serves as a reference center for urgent and emergent care in the Zona da Mata region of Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The study sought to identify the criteria that doctors and nurses use to discharge individuals with disabling neurological injury with instructions related to accessing physical rehabilitation programs. Thematic content analysis was used to examine data...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Kyonayra Quezia Duarte Brito, Tarciana Nobre de Menezes, Ricardo Alves de Olinda
Objective: to verify the prevalence of functional disability among older adults and how it can affect their health conditions and the regular practice of physical activities. Method: this is a household and cross-sectional study conducted with older adults of both sexes. We verified the variables associated with functional disability by Poisson's regression. Results: around 420 older adults participated in this study (68.1% of them being women)...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
HwaJung Choi, Robert F Schoeni, Linda G Martin
OBJECTIVES: This study examines changes in functional and activity limitations 1998-2012 for individuals 55-69. METHODS: Logistic models are used to estimate trends in limitations in vision, hearing, physical and cognitive functioning, IADLs, and ADLs. Additional models assess the extent to which trends are associated with and differ by education, smoking, and BMI. RESULTS: Changes in prevalence of limitations in vision, hearing, cognitive functioning, and ADLs are not statistically significant...
2016: PloS One
Shi-Ying Jin, Rui-Sheng Li, Bao-de Shen, Jin-Xia Bai, Ping-Hua Xu, Ling Dai, He Xu, Shi-Xiao Jin, Jin Han, Hai-Long Yuan
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain anti-fatigue constituents and mechanisms of Herpetospermum caudigerum. METHODS: The 80% ethanol extracts of Herpetospermum caudigerum were partitioned with chloroform, ethyl acetate and n-butanol, respectively. Male Kunming mice were divided into 13 groups with 16 mice in each group: a control group fed with water, 9 groups treated with 3 fractions of Herpetospermum caudigerum (chloroform fraction, ethyl acetate fraction and n-butanol fraction) at dose of 80, 160 and 320 mg/kg for the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group, 3 herpetrione (HPE) treated groups fed with HPE at dose of 15, 30, and 60 mg/kg for the low-dose group, medium-dose group and high-dose group...
November 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Manigandan Subramanyam Thyagarajan, Khalid Sharif
Space occupying liver lesions usually present with abdominal pain or abnormal physical findings, such as a palpable abdominal mass or distention. Liver lesions identified in children include benign and malignant neoplasms, inflammatory masses, cysts and metastatic lesions. Two-thirds of liver lesions in children are malignant. Hepatoblastoma accounts for two-thirds of malignant liver tumors in children. Benign lesions of the liver in children include vascular lesions, hamartomas, adenomas, and focal nodular hyperplasia...
October 25, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Jana Pelclová, Karel Frömel, Emil Řepka, Ladislav Bláha, Aleš Suchomel, Igor Fojtík, Dana Feltlová, Petr Valach, Svatopluk Horák, Jiří Nykodým, Michal Vorlíček
Objective measured trend data are important for public health practice. However, these data are rare for an adult population. Therefore, the aim of this study was to describe time trends in pedometer-determined physical activity of Czech adults (25-65 years) from 2008 to 2013. Participants were Czech national citizens whose physical activity was assessed objectively using a Yamax Digiwalker SW-700 pedometer (Yamax Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) for seven consecutive days in the period 2008 to 2013. The final sample was 4647 Czech adults [M age 41...
October 24, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Julia König, Sabine Schmid, Eva Löser, Olaf Neumann, Stefan Buchholz, Ralph Kästner
BACKGROUND: There has been increasing research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following childbirth in the last two decades. The literature on predictors of who develops posttraumatic stress symptoms (PSS) suggests that both vulnerability and birth factors have an influence, but many studies measure predictors and outcomes simultaneously. OBJECTIVE: In this context, we aimed to examine indirect and direct effects of predictors of PSS, which were measured longitudinally...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
Virginia Schmied, Rachel Langdon, Stephen Matthey, Lynn Kemp, Marie-Paule Austin, Maree Johnson
BACKGROUND: Poor mental health in the perinatal period can impact negatively on women, their infants and families. Australian State and Territory governments are investing in routine psychosocial assessment and depression screening with referral to services and support, however, little is known about how well these services are used. The aim of this paper is to report on the health services used by women for their physical and mental health needs from pregnancy to 12 months after birth and to compare service use for women who have been identified in pregnancy as having moderate-high psychosocial risk with those with low psychosocial risk...
October 25, 2016: BMC Women's Health
Verónica Vitriol, Alfredo Cancino, Marcelo Leiva-Bianchi, Carlos Serrano, Soledad Ballesteros, Andrea Asenjo, Cristian Cáceres, Soledad Potthoff, Carolina Salgado, Francisca Orellana, Marcela Ormazábal
: Childhood trauma is associated with different psychiatric disorders during adulthood. These disorders are often presented in comorbidity with depression. OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship between psychiatric comorbidities and childhood traumatic events in patients with depression in Chile. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-four patients with major depression were assessed using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview and a screening for childhood trauma...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
Kelly A Mackintosh, Martyn Standage, Amanda E Staiano, Leanne Lester, Melitta A McNarry
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of acute exergaming on the physiological and psychosocial responses of young adults and the modulatory effect of a single- or dual-player game play situation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-six participants (19 male; 21.7 ± 3.8 years; 23.65 ± 3.17 kg/m(2)) each completed two 30-minute exergame sessions in a randomized order (single and dual player) while wearing an Actiheart(®) to estimate energy expenditure...
October 26, 2016: Games for Health
Lynda C Ikejimba, Stephen J Glick, Kingshuk Roy Choudhury, Ehsan Samei, Joseph Y Lo
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to quantify the differences in detectability between full field digital mammography (FFDM), digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), and synthetic mammography (SM) for challenging, low contrast signals, in the context of both a uniform and an anthropomorphic, textured phantom. METHODS: Images of the phantoms were acquired using a Hologic Selenia Dimensions system. Images were taken at 50%, 100%, and 200% of the dose delivered under automatic exposure control (AEC)...
October 2016: Medical Physics
Andrew Watterson
The inter-relationship between safety, health and the 'environment' is a complex and at times a relatively neglected topic. In this issue, 'safety' is often viewed by contributors as 'health and safety' and includes occupationally-related ill health as well as injury or harm to employees and the wider public. 'Environment' is also interpreted in the widest sense covering both physical and work environments with upstream work hazards presenting risks to downstream communities. The focus is very much on exploring and where possible addressing the challenges, some old and some facing workers in a range of public and private settings and also at times their nearby communities...
October 5, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
L Rome
The purpose of the study was to assess the value of combining occupational therapy (OT) with physical therapy (PT) for the rehabilitation of complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and to measure its effectiveness on activities of daily life. Sixty patients with CRPS type 1 were recruited and interviewed between September 1, 2014 and February 1, 2015. Thirty patients had undergone PT and thirty had undergone PT+OT. They were administered the short-form of the "Assessment of Life Habits" questionnaire (v.3.0 LIFE-H) created in Canada...
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Meghan K Edwards, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Previous research demonstrates individual associations of sedentary behaviour, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and cardiorespiratory fitness on systemic inflammation, often assessed via C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Their potential additive association on CRP, however, has not been fully evaluated, which was the purpose of this study. METHODS: Data from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used (N = 627 adults 20-49 years)...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
Andrée Dionne, Louis Pérusse, Alain-Steve Comtois, Mario Leone
Physical activity is often avoided or practised at a low-intensity level because of the limited ability of patients with heart disease (HD) to provide sustained effort. Immersible training has been suggested as a possible alternative as hydrostatic pressure can modify some hemodynamic parameters in healthy patients and potentially increase the exercise capacity in patients with HD. The purpose of this study was to examine the acute cardiorespiratory adaptations at different levels of immersion using an immersible ergometer (IE) in patients with HD...
October 26, 2016: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
H P Parkman, E K Hallinan, W L Hasler, G Farrugia, K L Koch, L Nguyen, W J Snape, T L Abell, R W McCallum, I Sarosiek, P J Pasricha, J Clarke, L Miriel, J Tonascia, F Hamilton
BACKGROUND: Early satiety (ES) and postprandial fullness (PPF) are often present in gastroparesis, but the importance of these symptoms in gastroparesis has not been well-described. The aims were: (i) Characterize ES and PPF in patients with gastroparesis. (ii) Assess relationships of ES and PPF with etiology of gastroparesis, quality of life, body weight, gastric emptying, and water load testing. METHODS: Gastroparetic patients filled out questionnaires assessing symptoms (PAGI-SYM) and quality of life (PAGI-QOL, SF-36v2)...
October 25, 2016: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
Daniel Collado-Mateo, Francisco J Domínguez-Muñoz, José C Adsuar, Eugenio Merellano-Navarro, Pedro R Olivares, Narcis Gusi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the test-retest reliability of the timed-up and go test using manual and automatic chronometer (chronopic) in women with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with convenience sample. METHOD: A total of 49 women with FM, aged 50.20 ± 10.01, participated in the study. FINDINGS: The Intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.935 with the manual stopwatch, and 0.955 with the chronopic. The smallest real difference using manual stopwatch was 9...
October 26, 2016: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
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