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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223128/child-protective-services-utilization-of-child-abuse-pediatricians-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Rebecca Girardet, Kelly Bolton, Syed Hashmi, Emily Sedlock, Rachna Khatri, Nina Lahoti, James Lukefahr
Several children's hospitals and medical schools across Texas have child abuse pediatricians (CAPs) who work closely with child protection workers to help ensure accurate assessments of the likelihood of maltreatment in cases of suspected abuse and neglect. Since the state does not mandate which cases should be referred to a CAP center, we were interested in studying factors that may influence workers' decisions to consult a CAP. We used a mixed methods study design consisting of a focus group followed by a survey...
December 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222988/medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-in-patients-attending-a-medical-outpatient-clinic-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-north-india
#2
Mohit Sharma, Shubh Mohan Singh, Ajit Avasthi, Subhash C Varma, Aman Sharma, Vikas Suri
OBJECTIVE: Medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS) are commonly seen across health care settings. Earlier studies have focussed on prevalence, cost-utilization and burden. Data from India is scarce. Patients with persistent MUPS have more impairment and psychological distress. This study was designed to assess psychological morbidity, health anxiety (HA), somatic symptom load, disability, quality of life (QOL) in patients with persistent MUPS presenting to a general medical outpatient service and compare it with patients with medically explained physical symptoms (MEPS)...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222926/depressive-personality-vulnerability-in-chronic-physical-pain-centrality-of-sociotropy
#3
Golan Shahar, Sheera F Lerman, Maayan Topaz, Silviu Brill, Hadar Shalev, Zvia Rudich
BACKGROUND: Chronic physical pain is one of modern medicine's principal challenges. Recently, there has been a keen research interest in the role of Depressive Personality Vulnerability (DPV) in the course of chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: This is the first attempt to examine the role of three leading DPV dimensions - sociotropy, autonomy, and self-criticism - in chronic pain. METHOD: Chronic pain patients (N = 428) were assessed four times as to their pain, disability, anxious-depression, and pain-based catastrophizing...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222901/association-of-energy-intake-and-physical-activity-with-overweight-among-indonesian-children-6-12-years-of-age
#4
Heryudarini Harahap, Sandjaja Sandjaja, Moesijanti Soekatri, Ilse Khouw, Paul Deurenberg
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Indonesia is currently facing double burden malnutrition in children. As overweight and obesity are due to a disturbed energy balance, this study aimed to assess the association of total energy intake and physical activity with the prevalence of overweight among Indonesian children. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The data used for this analysis were from 1143 children, 6-12 years old, that participated in the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS)...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222895/sarcopenia-and-cachexia-evaluation-in-different-healthcare-settings-a-questionnaire-survey-of-health-professionals
#5
Saori Nakahara, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Keisuke Maeda, Shinta Nishioka, Yoji Kokura
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The rates of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations by different occupational groups at different settings are unclear. The objectives are to evaluate and compare the relative use of sarcopenia and cachexia evaluations among dietitians and associated healthcare professionals in a diverse range of settings. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 4,621 members from the Japanese Association of Rehabilitation Nutrition. Settings included acute general wards, convalescent rehabilitation wards, long-term care wards, homecare service, and other settings...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222883/the-geriatric-nutritional-risk-index-predicts-mortality-in-nonagenarians-and-centenarians-receiving-home-care
#6
Hui Wang, Shan Hai, Yan Zhou, Ping Liu, Bi-Rong Dong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The increasing prevalence of malnutrition in old people is related to the risk of illness and death. A number of screening tools to detect malnutrition have been used in the elderly to assess nutritional status and predict prognosis. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ability of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) to assess nutritional status and predict mortality in very old home-care people by using a cross-sectional study of Chinese older people aged 90-105 years...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222703/relationship-between-self-reported-cognitive-funciton-and-work-related-outcomes-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#7
Diane Von Ah, Susan Storey, Adele Crouch
PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between perceived cognitive function including perceived cognitive impairment (PCI) and perceived cognitive ability (PCA) and work ability, work performance, work productivity, and intention to leave employment in breast cancer survivors (BCS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was used in the study. Employed BCS completed questionnaires assessing PCI and PCA (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive-3); emotional work demands (Self-Focused Emotional Labor Scale); and work ability index (WAI), work performance, work productivity (Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ), and intention to turnover...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222619/improvement-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-after-a-tailored-behavioural-sleep%C3%A2-medicine-intervention-targeting-healthy-eating-and-physical-activity-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Helena Igelström, Pernilla Åsenlöf, Margareta Emtner, Eva Lindberg
PURPOSE: The aim of the present single-centre randomised controlled trial was to assess the effect of a behavioural sleep medicine (BSM) intervention on obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) severity in patients who have been referred for new treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). METHODS: After baseline assessment including ventilatory and anthropometric parameters, and physical activity monitoring, 86 patients who were overweight (BMI ≥ 25) and had moderate-severe OSA with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥ 15 were randomised into a control group (CG; CPAP and advice about weight loss) or an experimental group (ExpG; CPAP and BSM intervention targeting physical activity and eating behaviour)...
December 8, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222573/incidence-and-causes-of-overdiagnosis-of-optic-neuritis
#9
Leanne Stunkel, Nathan H Kung, Bradley Wilson, Collin M McClelland, Gregory P Van Stavern
Importance: Diagnostic error is an important source of medical error. Overdiagnosis of optic neuritis may prompt unnecessary and costly diagnostic tests, procedures, and treatments. Objective: To assess the incidence of and characterize factors contributing to overdiagnosis of acute optic neuritis. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective clinic-based cross-sectional study of new patient encounters, 122 patients referred for acute optic neuritis at a university-based Midwestern neuro-ophthalmology clinic between January 2014 and October 2016 were studied...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222500/long-term-outcomes-in-survivors-of-epidemic-influenza-a-h7n9-virus-infection
#10
Jiajia Chen, Jie Wu, Shaorui Hao, Meifang Yang, Xiaoqing Lu, Xiaoxiao Chen, Lanjuan Li
Patients who survive influenza A (H7N9) virus infection are at risk of physical and psychological complications of lung injury and multi-organ dysfunction. However, there were no prospectively individualized assessments of physiological, functional and quality-of-life measures after hospital discharge. The current study aims to assess the main determinants of functional disability of these patients during the follow-up. Fifty-six influenza A (H7N9) survivors were investigated during the 2-year after discharge from the hospital...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222077/can-facebook-reduce-perceived-anxiety-among-college-students-randomized-controlled-exercise-trial-using-the-transtheoretical-model-of-behavior-change
#11
Emily Frith, Paul Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest social media may be an attractive strategy to promote mental health and wellness. There remains a need to examine the utility for individually tailored wellness messages posted to social media sites such as Facebook to facilitate positive psychological outcomes. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to extend the growing body of evidence supporting the potential for social media to enhance mental health. We evaluated the influence of an 8-week social media intervention on anxiety in college students and examined the impact of dynamic (active) versus static (passive) Facebook content on physical activity behaviors...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222006/wrist-accelerometry-for-physical-activity-measurement-in-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-need-for-individually-calibrated-cut-points
#12
Laura A McCracken, Jasmin K Ma, Christine Voss, Franco H N Chan, Kathleen A Martin Ginis, Christopher R West
OBJECTIVE: To create and compare individual and group-based cut-points for wrist-accelerometry that corresponds to moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in people with spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN: Participants completed a graded treadmill-wheeling test while being assessed for oxygen consumption, wrist-acceleration vector magnitude, and spoke acceleration. Oxygen consumption was converted to SCI metabolic equivalents (SCI METS) and linear regression was applied to determine an individualized vector magnitude cut-point (counts per minute, VM-CPM) corresponding with MVPA (≥3 SCI METS)...
December 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221929/use-of-pharmacy-technicians-in-elements-of-medication-therapy-management-delivery-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Stephanie A Gernant, My-Oanh Nguyen, Sanna Siddiqui, Matthew Schneller
BACKGROUND: Documented barriers to Medication Therapy Management (MTM) delivery, such as limited time and inefficient workflow may be overcome by utilizing support staff for administrative services. However, it is unknown how pharmacy technicians have been historically utilized to assist pharmacists in MTM-delivery. OBJECTIVE: To characterize literature describing pharmacy technicians' participation in actions commonly undertaken in the provision of MTM services...
November 24, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221885/-design-of-a-questionnaire-on-the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-the-population-of-madrid-spain-facing-the-end-of-life
#14
Belén Ortiz-Gonçalves, Andrés Santiago-Sáez, Elena Albarrán Juan, Elena Labajo González, Bernardo Perea-Pérez
OBJECTIVE: To create and validate a questionnaire about knowledge and attitudes of the general population in Madrid (Spain) about life's end stage. METHOD: A descriptive study designed as a structured self-administered questionnaire, validated by seven Madrid Health Service professional experts and assessed through a pilot study. RESULTS: The questionnaire consisted of 42 questions, divided into six modules: 1) decisions and psychological-physical care at life's end; 2) palliative care; 3) euthanasia and assisted suicide; 4) advance directives document; 5) spiritual factors; and 6) socio-demographic data...
December 5, 2017: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221763/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-of-people-with-epilepsy-and-neurocysticercosis-in-zambia
#15
Anne L Nau, Kabemba E Mwape, Jasmin Wiefek, Kathie Schmidt, Emmanuel Abatih, Pierre Dorny, Nicolas Praet, Clarance Chiluba, Holger Schmidt, Isaac K Phiri, Andrea S Winkler, Sarah Gabriël, Joachim Blocher
Cognitive impairment and quality of life (Qol) are important to assess the burden of epilepsy and neurocysticercosis (NCC), which are common but neglected in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The aims of this study were to assess cognitive performance and Qol of people with epilepsy (PWE) in Zambia and to explore differences in PWE with and without NCC. In this community based, cross-sectional case-control-study, 47 PWE and 50 healthy controls completed five neuropsychological tests (Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), Digit Span, Selective Reminding Test (SRT), Spatial Recall Test (SPART), Test Battery of Attentional Performance (TAP)) and a World Health Organization (WHO) questionnaire of Qol...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221520/disability-characteristics-of-community-based-rehabilitation-participants-in-kayunga-district-uganda
#16
Lukia Namaganda Hamid, Olive Kobusingye, Sebastian Olikira Baine, Chrispus Mayora, Jacob A Bentley
BACKGROUND: Approximately 80% of individuals with disability reside in low- and middle-income countries where community-based rehabilitation (CBR) has been used as a strategy to improve disability. However, data relating to disability severity among CBR beneficiaries in low-income countries like Uganda remain scarce, particularly at the community or district level. OBJECTIVES: To describe severity of disability and associated factors for persons with physical disabilities receiving CBR services in the Kayunga district of Uganda...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221518/measuring-healthy-lifestyle-and-mental-health-indicators-in-south-asian-women-using-the-your-health-quality-of-life-and-well-being-questionnaire
#17
Nida Ahmed, Sabahat Ahmed, Zartasht Carmichael, Amtul Salam Sami
INTRODUCTION: Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. A literature review has revealed that there is no specific questionnaire available to assess well-being within the community. METHODS: Fifty South Asian women were randomly selected to complete the "Your Health: Quality of Life and Well-being Questionnaire" assessing diet, lifestyle, and mental health among others. Data from the questionnaires was extracted and participants were categorised based on these findings...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221456/effect-of-multimorbidity-on-quality-of-life-in-adult-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Bijan Shad, Asieh Ashouri, Tolou Hasandokht, Fatemeh Rajati, Arsalan Salari, Moona Naghshbandi, Fardin Mirbolouk
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to describe the effect of multimorbidity on Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a simple sampling method of 296 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery in a referral hospital of the northern part of Iran was conducted between April, 2015 and September, 2016. Multimorbidity was defined as the presence of at least two chronic diseases based on self-reporting and medical records...
December 8, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221451/inequality-in-early-childhood-neurodevelopment-in-six-poor-rural-counties-of-china-a-decomposition-analysis
#19
Cuihong Zhang, Chunxia Zhao, Xiangyu Liu, Qianwei Wei, Shusheng Luo, Sufang Guo, Jingxu Zhang, Xiaoli Wang, Robert W Scherpbier
BACKGROUND: Previous studies about inequality in children's health focused more on physical health than the neurodevelopment. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the inequality in early childhood neurodevelopment in poor rural China and explore the contributions of socioeconomic factors to the inequality. METHOD: Information of 2120 children aged 0 to 35 months and their households in six poor rural counties of China was collected during July - September, 2013...
December 8, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221449/changes-in-physical-activity-during-the-retirement-transition-a-series-of-novel-n-of-1-natural-experiments
#20
Suzanne McDonald, Rute Vieira, Alan Godfrey, Nicola O'Brien, Martin White, Falko F Sniehotta
BACKGROUND: Existing evidence about the impact of retirement on physical activity (PA) has primarily focused on the average change in PA level after retirement in group-based studies. It is unclear whether findings regarding the direction of PA change after retirement from group-based studies apply to individuals. This study aimed to explore changes in PA, PA determinants and their inter-relationships during the retirement transition at the individual level. METHODS: A series of n-of-1 natural experiments were conducted with seven individuals who were aged 55-76 years and approaching retirement...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
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