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testing health professionals communication skills

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206357/understanding-uptake-of-an-intervention-to-accelerate-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-uganda-via-qualitative-inquiry
#1
Fred C Semitala, Carol S Camlin, Jeanna Wallenta, Leatitia Kampiire, Richard Katuramu, Gideon Amanyire, Jennifer Namusobya, Wei Chang, James G Kahn, Edwin D Charlebois, Diane V Havlir, Moses R Kamya, Elvin H Geng
INTRODUCTION: The Streamlined Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Strategy (START-ART) study found that a theory-based intervention using opinion leaders to inform and coach health care providers about the risks of treatment delay, provision of point of care (POC) CD4 testing machines (PIMA) and reputational incentives, led to rapid rise in ART initiation. We used qualitative research methods to explore mechanisms of provider behaviour change. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) with 24 health care providers and nine study staff to understand perceptions, attitudes and the context of changes in ART initiation practices...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173829/recruiting-participants-to-a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-an-intervention-in-palliative-cancer-care-the-perspectives-of-health-care-professionals
#2
Maja Holm, Anette Alvariza, Carl-Johan Fürst, Yvonne Wengström, Kristofer Årestedt, Joakim Öhlen, Ida Goliath
PURPOSE: The recruitment of participants to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in palliative cancer care by health care professionals is often unsuccessful, which could result in failure to achieve study power. The purpose of this paper is to describe how health care professionals experienced recruiting patients and family caregivers to an RCT in palliative cancer care. METHODS: The study had a qualitative explorative design. Ten palliative home care settings were involved in the RCT and data were generated through focus group discussions and interviews with health care professionals who were responsible for the recruitment...
December 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118100/-difficult-conversations-evaluation-of-multiprofessional-training
#3
Lisa Jane Brighton, Lucy Ellen Selman, Nicholas Gough, J J Nadicksbernd, Katherine Bristowe, Catherine Millington-Sanders, Jonathan Koffman
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based communication skills training for health and social care professionals is essential to improve the care of seriously ill patients and their families. We aimed to evaluate the self-reported impact of 'Difficult Conversations', a multidisciplinary half-day interactive workshop, and gain feedback to inform future development and evaluation. METHODS: Service evaluation using questionnaire data collected before and immediately after workshops from February 2015 to August 2016 regarding participant self-assessed confidence, knowledge and skills...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066426/techniques-for-improving-communication-of-emotional-content-in-text-only-web-based-therapeutic-communications-systematic-review
#4
Christine Louise Paul, Martine Elizabeth Cox, Hannah Julie Small, Allison W Boyes, Lorna O'Brien, Shiho Karina Rose, Amanda L Baker, Frans A Henskens, Hannah Naomi Kirkwood, Della M Roach
BACKGROUND: Web-based typed exchanges are increasingly used by professionals to provide emotional support to patients. Although some empirical evidence exists to suggest that various strategies may be used to convey emotion during Web-based text communication, there has been no critical review of these data in patients with chronic conditions. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to identify the techniques used to convey emotion in written or typed Web-based communication and assess the empirical evidence regarding impact on communication and psychological outcomes...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036489/training-community-health-workers-to-promote-breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil
#5
Lorna Bittencourt, Isabel C Scarinci
Although it has been show that early detection through mammograms is the most effective way to reduce breast cancer mortality, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide with survival rates being even lower in low- and middle-income countries as compared to high-income countries. Despite the availability of breast cancer screening programs in Brazil through the public health system, some women do not participate in these programs due to structural and/or inter/intrapersonal barriers...
September 26, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789645/student-preparedness-characteristics-important-for-clinical-learning-perspectives-of-supervisors-from-medicine-pharmacy-and-nursing
#6
Hasini Banneheke, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Srinivasan Ramamurthy, Afshan Sumera, Sneha Ravindranath, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Benny Efendie, Leela Chellamuthu, Purushotham Krishnappa, Ray Peterson
BACKGROUND: Student perspectives of clinical preparedness have been studied in the literature, but the viewpoint of supervisors is limited. Hence, the aim was to examine the perspective of supervisors on the characteristics of health professional students important for preparedness for clinical learning. METHODS: This was a descriptive, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study conducted at three higher education institutions in Malaysia. A previously published questionnaire with 62 characteristics was adopted with modifications after pre-testing...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759089/training-community-health-workers-to-screen-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-the-community-experiences-from-cape-town-south-africa
#7
Thandi Puoane, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Thomas A Gaziano, Naomi Levitt
This article describes a training process to equip community health workers (CHWs) with knowledge and skills to identify individuals at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a township in Cape Town. METHODS: CHWs were employed by a non-governmental organisation (NGO) primarily focusing on non-communicable diseases (NCDs). They were trained in the theory of CVD, including physiological changes and related risk factors and in obtaining anthropometric and blood pressure measurements...
May 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730664/exploring-approaches-to-dietetic-assessment-of-a-common-task-across-different-universities-through-assessment-moderation
#8
C Palermo, E Volders, S Gibson, M Kennedy, A Wray, J Thomas, M Hannan-Jones, D Gallegos, E Beck
BACKGROUND: Assessment presents one of the greatest challenges to evaluating health professional trainee performance, as a result of the subjectivity of judgements and variability in assessor standards. The present study aimed to test a moderation procedure for assessment across four independent universities and explore approaches to assessment and the factors that influence assessment decisions. METHODS: Assessment tasks designed independently by each of the four universities to assess student readiness for placement were chosen for the present study...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549512/infection-prevention-workforce-potential-benefits-to-educational-diversity
#9
Sara M Reese, Heather M Gilmartin
BACKGROUND: Nurses have historically occupied the infection preventionist (IP) role. As the knowledge and skills needed to advance the field expand, professionals from public health and the laboratory sciences have become IPs. Our study describes the characteristics of current IPs and assesses for relationships between background, certification, experience, and type of work performed. METHODS: The data were drawn from an existing dataset collected in the conduct of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) MegaSurvey...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546968/assessment-of-nonscholastic-abilities-and-its-associated-factors-among-medical-students-an-exploratory-study
#10
S Ganesh Kumar, Sonali Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Nonscholastic abilities among medical students are an important area of concern for the health professionals. Very few studies had been conducted in the past with regard to it. OBJECTIVE: This study was an exploratory study aimed to assess the nonscholastic abilities among medical students in a medical institution in coastal South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study assessed three broad domains of nonscholastic abilities namely personal qualities, interpersonal activities, and communication skills among 106 medical students using a structured questionnaire (27 questions with a total score of 27)...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536095/development-of-a-modular-research-platform-to-create-medical-observational-studies-for-mobile-devices
#11
Martin Zens, Birgit Grotejohann, Adrian Tassoni, Fabian Duttenhoefer, Norbert P Südkamp, Philipp Niemeyer
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have proven to be a valuable resource in medical research, especially when performed on a large scale. Recently, mobile device-based observational studies have been discovered by an increasing number of researchers as a promising new source of information. However, the development and deployment of app-based studies is not trivial and requires profound programming skills. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project was to develop a modular online research platform that allows researchers to create medical studies for mobile devices without extensive programming skills...
May 23, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487267/embodied-conversational-agents-in-clinical-psychology-a-scoping-review
#12
Simon Provoost, Ho Ming Lau, Jeroen Ruwaard, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: Embodied conversational agents (ECAs) are computer-generated characters that simulate key properties of human face-to-face conversation, such as verbal and nonverbal behavior. In Internet-based eHealth interventions, ECAs may be used for the delivery of automated human support factors. OBJECTIVE: We aim to provide an overview of the technological and clinical possibilities, as well as the evidence base for ECA applications in clinical psychology, to inform health professionals about the activity in this field of research...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364581/self-reported-confidence-in-patient-safety-knowledge-among-australian-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-multi-site-cross-sectional-survey-study
#13
Kim Usher, Cindy Woods, Glenda Parmenter, Marie Hutchinson, Judy Mannix, Tamara Power, Wendy Chaboyer, Sharon Latimer, Jane Mills, Lesley Siegloff, Debra Jackson
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is critical to the provision of quality health care and thus is an essential component of nurse education. OBJECTIVE: To describe first, second and third year Australian undergraduate nursing students' confidence in patient safety knowledge acquired in the classroom and clinical settings across the three years of the undergraduate nursing program. DESIGN: A cross-sectional online survey conducted in 2015. SETTING: Seven Australian universities with campuses across three states (Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia)...
June 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340321/exploring-the-relationship-between-cognition-and-functional-verbal-reasoning-in-adults-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-at-six-months-post-injury
#14
Petra Avramović, Belinda Kenny, Emma Power, Skye McDonald, Robyn Tate, Louise Hunt, Sheila MacDonald, Rob Heard, Leanne Togher
OBJECTIVE(S): This study aims to determine the association between cognitive impairment and functional verbal reasoning in adults with severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), at six months post-injury. METHOD(S): 38 participants with severe TBI were assessed using the four tasks on the Functional Assessment of Verbal Reasoning and Executive Strategies (FAVRES) [1] and a battery of neuropsychological tests at 6 months post injury in a cross-sectional observational study...
2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290956/multidisciplinary-in-situ-simulation-based-training-as-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-quality-improvement-project
#15
Monica A Lutgendorf, Carmen Spalding, Elizabeth Drake, Dennis Spence, Jason O Heaton, Kristina V Morocco
BACKGROUND: Postpartum hemorrhage is a common obstetric emergency affecting 3 to 5% of deliveries, with significant maternal morbidity and mortality. Effective management of postpartum hemorrhage requires strong teamwork and collaboration. We completed a multidisciplinary in situ postpartum hemorrhage simulation training exercise with structured team debriefing to evaluate hospital protocols, team performance, operational readiness, and real-time identification of system improvements...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288518/the-confidence-and-knowledge-of-health-practitioners-when-interacting-with-people-with-aphasia-in-a-hospital-setting
#16
Ashley Cameron, Steven McPhail, Kyla Hudson, Jennifer Fleming, Jennifer Lethlean, Ngang Ju Tan, Emma Finch
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe and compare the confidence and knowledge of health professionals (HPs) with and without specialized speech-language training for communicating with people with aphasia (PWA) in a metropolitan hospital setting. METHODS: Ninety HPs from multidisciplinary teams completed a customized survey to identify their demographic information, knowledge of aphasia, current use of supported conversation strategies and overall communication confidence when interacting with PWA using a 100 mm visual analogue scale (VAS) to rate open-ended questions...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115005/how-can-pharmacists-develop-patient-pharmacist-communication-skills-a-realist-review-protocol
#17
Aisling Kerr, Judith Strawbridge, Caroline Kelleher, Fien Mertens, Peter Pype, Myriam Deveugele, Teresa Pawlikowska
BACKGROUND: Good patient-pharmacist communication improves health outcomes. There is, however, room for improving pharmacists' communication skills. These develop through complex interactions during undergraduate pharmacy education, practice-based learning and continuing professional development. Research is needed to determine how best to approach teaching patient-pharmacist communication. METHODS: The aim of the research is to understand how educational interventions develop patient-pharmacist interpersonal communication skills produce their effects...
January 23, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093379/the-epital-care-model-a-new-person-centered-model-of-technology-enabled-integrated-care-for-people-with-long-term-conditions
#18
Klaus Phanareth, Søren Vingtoft, Anders Skovbo Christensen, Jakob Sylvest Nielsen, Jørgen Svenstrup, Gro Karine Rosvold Berntsen, Stanton Peter Newman, Lars Kayser
BACKGROUND: There is worldwide recognition that the future provision of health care requires a reorganization of provision of care, with increased empowerment and engagement of patients, along with skilled health professionals delivering services that are coordinated across sectors and organizations that provide health care. Technology may be a way to enable the creation of a coherent, cocreative, person-centered method to provide health care for individuals with one or more long-term conditions (LTCs)...
January 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997477/an-examination-of-the-self-directed-online-leadership-learning-choices-of-public-health-professionals-the-maternal-and-child-health-public-health-leadership-institute-experience
#19
Claudia S P Fernandez, Cheryl C Noble, Elizabeth T Jensen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the self-selected asynchronous leadership module-based learning choices of public health professionals participating in the Maternal and Child Health Public Health Leadership Institute (MCH PHLI). METHODS: Online module completion and evaluation data were used to determine the topics most utilized by the Fellows; whether the topics and mode of training were acceptable, relevant, and practical; and whether participant characteristics explained any usage patterns...
September 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882788/why-we-need-more-research-into-interprofessional-education
#20
Marian Traynor, Despina Galanouli, John Gardner, Richard Corry
Interprofessional education (IPE) has long been considered an important means of improving communication and interaction between health professionals and of addressing patient safety concerns. This study aimed to explore whether a high-fidelity (HF) simulator could enhance a postgraduate IPE session on team-working and communication skills. A convenience sample of six doctors and six nurses, all recently qualified and working in an acute care setting, participated in teams of one nurse and one doctor in a typical clinical case scenario using a HF simulator...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
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