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testing health professionals communication skills

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579509/a-comparison-of-aggression-and-self-injury-among-type-1-diabetic-and-healthy-adolescents-a-sample-from-turkey
#1
Yagmur Sezer Efe, Emine Erdem
BACKGROUND: Adolescents tend to have risky behaviors like aggression and self-injury due to the age period characteristics. The risk of aggression and self-injury may increase in adolescents with the addition of chronic diseases. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted descriptively to determine and compare the aggression and self-injury in those with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and healthy counterparts. METHODS: The study sample consisted of 60 adolescents with T1DM followed up in the child endocrinology polyclinic of a university hospital and 319 healthy counterparts, 15-18 aged, at 9th-12th grade at high school...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532292/antibiotic-use-for-acute-respiratory-tract-infections-arti-in-primary-care-what-factors-affect-prescribing-and-why-is-it-important-a-narrative-review
#2
Ray O'Connor, Jane O'Doherty, Andrew O'Regan, Colum Dunne
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is an emerging global threat to health and is associated with increased consumption of antibiotics. Seventy-four per cent of antibiotic prescribing takes place in primary care. Much of this is for inappropriate treatment of acute respiratory tract infections. AIMS: To review the published literature pertaining to antibiotic prescribing in order to identify and understand the factors that affect primary care providers' prescribing decisions...
March 12, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520819/virtual-reality-applications-for-diagnosis-risk-assessment-and-therapy-of-child-abusers
#3
Peter Fromberger, Kirsten Jordan, Jürgen L Müller
Despite the successful application of virtual reality (VR) in a wide variety of mental disorders and the obvious potentials that VR provides, the use of VR in the context of criminology and forensic psychology is sparse. For forensic mental health professionals, VR provides some advantages that outrun general advantages of VR, e.g., ecological validity and controllability of social situations. Most important seems to be the unique possibility to expose offenders and to train coping skills in virtual situations, which are able to elicit disorder-relevant behavior-without endangering others...
March 9, 2018: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517612/systematic-review-of-standardized-patient-use-in-continuing-medical-education
#4
Kerry Wilbur, Alaa Elmubark, Sara Shabana
INTRODUCTION: The standardized patient (SP) has assumed a fundamental role in undergraduate medical education since first conceived over 50 years ago. While widely used in student training and assessment of communication and clinical examination across health disciplines, little is known how SPs enhance knowledge or skill development among professionals. We conducted a systematic review to determine the effectiveness of SPs in continuing medical education (CME) programs. METHODS: Authors independently searched for studies published between 1966 and 2016, describing CME initiatives using SP encounters as practice for participants compared with those which did not...
January 2018: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486750/study-protocol-a-randomized-controlled-trial-study-on-the-effect-of-a-game-based-exercise-training-program-on-promoting-physical-fitness-and-mental-health-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Clare C W Yu, Simpson W L Wong, Farica S F Lo, Raymond C H So, Dorothy F Y Chan
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal physical activity levels and tolerance, poor motor skills and poor physical health are demonstrated in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). We speculate that social interaction and communication deficits in children with ASD are two major factors that hinder these children from actively participating in group physical activities. While previous studies have demonstrated that exercise intervention improves motor skills and behavioral outcomes in children with ASD, these programs tend to focus only on a single sport, which may not cater to the interests of different children with ASD...
February 27, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433600/development-and-preliminary-testing-of-the-brief-developmental-assessment-an-early-recognition-tool-for-children-with-heart-disease
#6
Jo Wray, Katherine L Brown, Deborah Ridout, Monica Lakhanpaul, Liz Smith, Angie Scarisbrick, Sara O'Curry, Aparna Hoskote
Introduction Neurodevelopmental abnormalities are common in children with CHD and are the highest-priority concerns for parents and professionals following cardiac surgery in childhood. There is no additional routine monitoring of development for children with CHD in the United Kingdom; hence, neurodevelopmental concerns may be detected late, precluding early referral and intervention. METHODS: An early recognition tool - the "Brief Developmental Assessment" - was developed using quality improvement methodology involving several iterations and rounds of pilot testing...
February 13, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378803/oral-manifestations-of-menopause-an-interprofessional-intervention-for-dental-hygiene-and-physician-assistant-students
#7
Windy L Rothmund, Ann D O'Kelley-Wetmore, Merri L Jones, Michael B Smith
Purpose: Interprofessional education (IPE) is a means of fostering integration and collaboration between health care professions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an IPE educational module on dental hygiene (DH) and physician assistants (PA) students' knowledge of the oral manifestations of menopause and overall confidence in treating these conditions.Methods: A convenience sample of DH and PA students was used for this mixed-method study. Quantitative data was collected with pre- and post-tests using a modified Readiness for Interprofessional Learning Survey (RIPLS) and a principle investigator (PI)-designed knowledge of menopause test, to determine the students' attitudes and learning levels...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370048/acog-committee-opinion-no-730-fatigue-and-patient-safety
#8
(no author information available yet)
Fatigue and sleep deprivation may affect a health care provider's skills and communication style, and also may affect clinical outcomes. The National Sleep Foundation recommends 7-9 hours of sleep per night for an adult. However, there are no current guidelines limiting the volume of deliveries and procedures performed by a single individual or on the length of time he or she may be on call. Medical literature has shown that even a single night of missed sleep measurably affects cognitive performance. When adults do not sleep at least 5 hours per night, language and numeric skills, retention of information, short-term memory, and concentration all decrease on standardized testing...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370046/acog-committee-opinion-no-730-summary-fatigue-and-patient-safety
#9
(no author information available yet)
Fatigue and sleep deprivation may affect a health care provider's skills and communication style, and also may affect clinical outcomes. The National Sleep Foundation recommends 7-9 hours of sleep per night for an adult. However, there are no current guidelines limiting the volume of deliveries and procedures performed by a single individual or on the length of time he or she may be on call. Medical literature has shown that even a single night of missed sleep measurably affects cognitive performance. When adults do not sleep at least 5 hours per night, language and numeric skills, retention of information, short-term memory, and concentration all decrease on standardized testing...
February 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344457/development-and-implementation-of-module-for-medical-graduates-to-improve-socio-cultural-sensitivity-towards-people-living-with-hiv
#10
Sushanta Kumar Mishra, Somanath Dash
Background: Health professionals are documented as an important cause for stigmatizing people living with HIV (PLHIV). Since traditional teaching on HIV in India does not address cultural competencies, medical graduates lack sociocultural sensitiveness while addressing the health needs of PLHIV. Aim: The aim of this study is to develop and to implement a module for medical graduates to improve their sociocultural sensitivity toward PLHIV. Methodology: A module was designed and introduced to address the core sensitive issues in HIV among medical graduates with the help of trained faculty...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206357/understanding-uptake-of-an-intervention-to-accelerate-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-uganda-via-qualitative-inquiry
#11
Fred C Semitala, Carol S Camlin, Jeanna Wallenta, Leatitia Kampiire, Richard Katuramu, Gideon Amanyire, Jennifer Namusobya, Wei Chang, James G Kahn, Edwin D Charlebois, Diane V Havlir, Moses R Kamya, Elvin H Geng
INTRODUCTION: The Streamlined Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation Strategy (START-ART) study found that a theory-based intervention using opinion leaders to inform and coach health care providers about the risks of treatment delay, provision of point of care (POC) CD4 testing machines (PIMA) and reputational incentives, led to rapid rise in ART initiation. We used qualitative research methods to explore mechanisms of provider behaviour change. METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews (IDIs) with 24 health care providers and nine study staff to understand perceptions, attitudes and the context of changes in ART initiation practices...
December 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173829/recruiting-participants-to-a-randomized-controlled-trial-testing-an-intervention-in-palliative-cancer-care-the-perspectives-of-health-care-professionals
#12
Maja Holm, Anette Alvariza, Carl-Johan Fürst, Yvonne Wengström, Kristofer Årestedt, Joakim Öhlen, Ida Goliath
PURPOSE: The recruitment of participants to randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in palliative cancer care by health care professionals is often unsuccessful, which could result in failure to achieve study power. The purpose of this paper is to describe how health care professionals experienced recruiting patients and family caregivers to an RCT in palliative cancer care. METHODS: The study had a qualitative explorative design. Ten palliative home care settings were involved in the RCT and data were generated through focus group discussions and interviews with health care professionals who were responsible for the recruitment...
December 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118100/-difficult-conversations-evaluation-of-multiprofessional-training
#13
Lisa Jane Brighton, Lucy Ellen Selman, Nicholas Gough, J J Nadicksbernd, Katherine Bristowe, Catherine Millington-Sanders, Jonathan Koffman
OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based communication skills training for health and social care professionals is essential to improve the care of seriously ill patients and their families. We aimed to evaluate the self-reported impact of 'Difficult Conversations', a multidisciplinary half-day interactive workshop, and gain feedback to inform future development and evaluation. METHODS: Service evaluation using questionnaire data collected before and immediately after workshops from February 2015 to August 2016 regarding participant self-assessed confidence, knowledge and skills...
November 8, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066426/techniques-for-improving-communication-of-emotional-content-in-text-only-web-based-therapeutic-communications-systematic-review
#14
Christine Louise Paul, Martine Elizabeth Cox, Hannah Julie Small, Allison W Boyes, Lorna O'Brien, Shiho Karina Rose, Amanda L Baker, Frans A Henskens, Hannah Naomi Kirkwood, Della M Roach
BACKGROUND: Web-based typed exchanges are increasingly used by professionals to provide emotional support to patients. Although some empirical evidence exists to suggest that various strategies may be used to convey emotion during Web-based text communication, there has been no critical review of these data in patients with chronic conditions. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to identify the techniques used to convey emotion in written or typed Web-based communication and assess the empirical evidence regarding impact on communication and psychological outcomes...
October 24, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036489/training-community-health-workers-to-promote-breast-cancer-screening-in-brazil
#15
Lorna Bittencourt, Isabel C Scarinci
Although it has been show that early detection through mammograms is the most effective way to reduce breast cancer mortality, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths among women worldwide with survival rates being even lower in low- and middle-income countries as compared to high-income countries. Despite the availability of breast cancer screening programs in Brazil through the public health system, some women do not participate in these programs due to structural and/or inter/intrapersonal barriers...
September 26, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789645/student-preparedness-characteristics-important-for-clinical-learning-perspectives-of-supervisors-from-medicine-pharmacy-and-nursing
#16
Hasini Banneheke, Vishna Devi Nadarajah, Srinivasan Ramamurthy, Afshan Sumera, Sneha Ravindranath, Kamalan Jeevaratnam, Benny Efendie, Leela Chellamuthu, Purushotham Krishnappa, Ray Peterson
BACKGROUND: Student perspectives of clinical preparedness have been studied in the literature, but the viewpoint of supervisors is limited. Hence, the aim was to examine the perspective of supervisors on the characteristics of health professional students important for preparedness for clinical learning. METHODS: This was a descriptive, questionnaire-based, cross-sectional study conducted at three higher education institutions in Malaysia. A previously published questionnaire with 62 characteristics was adopted with modifications after pre-testing...
August 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759089/training-community-health-workers-to-screen-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-in-the-community-experiences-from-cape-town-south-africa
#17
Thandi Puoane, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Thomas A Gaziano, Naomi Levitt
This article describes a training process to equip community health workers (CHWs) with knowledge and skills to identify individuals at high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a township in Cape Town. METHODS: CHWs were employed by a non-governmental organisation (NGO) primarily focusing on non-communicable diseases (NCDs). They were trained in the theory of CVD, including physiological changes and related risk factors and in obtaining anthropometric and blood pressure measurements...
May 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730664/exploring-approaches-to-dietetic-assessment-of-a-common-task-across-different-universities-through-assessment-moderation
#18
C Palermo, E Volders, S Gibson, M Kennedy, A Wray, J Thomas, M Hannan-Jones, D Gallegos, E Beck
BACKGROUND: Assessment presents one of the greatest challenges to evaluating health professional trainee performance, as a result of the subjectivity of judgements and variability in assessor standards. The present study aimed to test a moderation procedure for assessment across four independent universities and explore approaches to assessment and the factors that influence assessment decisions. METHODS: Assessment tasks designed independently by each of the four universities to assess student readiness for placement were chosen for the present study...
February 2018: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549512/infection-prevention-workforce-potential-benefits-to-educational-diversity
#19
Sara M Reese, Heather M Gilmartin
BACKGROUND: Nurses have historically occupied the infection preventionist (IP) role. As the knowledge and skills needed to advance the field expand, professionals from public health and the laboratory sciences have become IPs. Our study describes the characteristics of current IPs and assesses for relationships between background, certification, experience, and type of work performed. METHODS: The data were drawn from an existing dataset collected in the conduct of the Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) MegaSurvey...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546968/assessment-of-nonscholastic-abilities-and-its-associated-factors-among-medical-students-an-exploratory-study
#20
S Ganesh Kumar, Sonali Sarkar
BACKGROUND: Nonscholastic abilities among medical students are an important area of concern for the health professionals. Very few studies had been conducted in the past with regard to it. OBJECTIVE: This study was an exploratory study aimed to assess the nonscholastic abilities among medical students in a medical institution in coastal South India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study assessed three broad domains of nonscholastic abilities namely personal qualities, interpersonal activities, and communication skills among 106 medical students using a structured questionnaire (27 questions with a total score of 27)...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
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