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testing health professionals communication skills

Eric Wong, Jasmine J Leslie, Judith A Soon, Wendy V Norman
BACKGROUND: The Virtual Interprofessional Patients-Computer-Assisted Reproductive Health Education for Students (VIP-CARES) Project took place during the summers of 2010-2012 for eight weeks each year at the University of British Columbia (UBC). Undergraduate health care students worked collaboratively to develop virtual patient case-based learning modules on the topic of family planning. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the changes in perception towards interprofessional collaboration (IPC) among the participants, before and after the project...
October 19, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Mette K Axboe, Kaj S Christensen, Poul-Erik Kofoed, Jette Ammentorp
BACKGROUND: The outcome of communication training is widely measured by self-efficacy ratings, and different questionnaires have been used. Nevertheless, none of these questionnaires have been formally validated through systematic measurement of assessment properties. Consequently, we decided to further develop a self-efficacy questionnaire which has been used in previous studies. This study aims to examine the content, internal structure, and relations with other variables of the new version of the self-efficacy questionnaire (SE-12)...
October 18, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Xiao-Feng Xu, Yan Wang, Yan-Yan Wang, Ming Song, Wen-Gang Xiao, Yun Bai
BACKGROUND: Genetic diseases represent a significant public health challenge in China that will need to be addressed by a correspondingly large number of professional genetic counselors. However, neither an official training program for genetic counseling, nor formal board certification, was available in China before 2015. In 2009, a genetic counseling training program based on role-playing was implemented as a pilot study at the Third Military Medical University to train third-year medical students...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Andrea D Fairman, Erika T Yih, Daniel F McCoy, Edmund F Lopresti, Michael P McCue, Bambang Parmanto, Brad E Dicianno
A novel mobile health platform, Interactive Mobile Health and Rehabilitation (iMHere), is being developed to support wellness and self-management among people with chronic disabilities. The iMHere system currently includes a smartphone app with six modules for use by persons with disabilities and a web portal for use by medical and rehabilitation professionals or other support personnel. Our initial clinical research applying use of this system provides insight into the feasibility of employing iMHere in the development of self-management skills in young adults (ages 18-40 years) with spina bifida (SB) (Dicianno, Fairman, et al...
2016: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
Noora Al-Mutawa, Hisham Elmahdi, Pauline Joyce
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to measure the effectiveness of introducing a full five-day practice management (PM) training workshop based on selected Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies; professionalism, interpersonal and communication skills, practice-based learning and improvement (PBLI), and system-based practice. METHODS: The study used pre-post study design. A total of 39 family medicine residents in Qatar were included in this study...
September 2016: Education for Primary Care
Inge Renske van Bruinessen, Evelyn M van Weel-Baumgarten, Hans Gouw, Josée M Zijlstra, Sandra van Dulmen
BACKGROUND: The complex nature of the medical dialogue and the often emotional context in cancer care present challenges to health care professionals (HCPs) and patients. Patients are increasingly expected to be informed participants and to be able to make conscious decisions, which they often find very difficult. In an attempt to support patients with malignant lymphoma in clinical communication, we developed a stand-alone, Web-based intervention called "PatientTIME." The development of PatientTIME was based on a participatory intervention mapping framework...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Sian Jenkins, Michael Arribas-Ayllon
Genetic counselling is not routinely offered for psychiatric disorders in the United Kingdom through NHS regional clinical genetics departments. However, recent genomic advances, confirming a genetic contribution to mental illness, are anticipated to increase demand for psychiatric genetic counselling. This is the first study of its kind to employ qualitative methods of research to explore accounts of psychiatric health professionals regarding the prospects for genetic counselling services within clinical psychiatry in the UK...
July 24, 2016: Journal of Genetic Counseling
Stacie Attrill, Michelle Lincoln, Sue McAllister
BACKGROUND: Health professional education programs attract students from around the world and clinical supervisors frequently report that international students find learning in clinical placement contexts particularly challenging. In existing literature clinical supervisors, who support international students on placement have identified concerns about their communication and interactions within clinical environments. However, clinical supervisors' perspectives about their experiences with international students on placement and the strategies they utilise to facilitate international student learning have not been described...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Helena García-Llana, Maria-Auxiliadora Bajo, Javier Barbero, Rafael Selgas, Gloria Del Peso
Healthcare professionals currently working in Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease (ACKD) units must cope with difficult situations regarding assisting patients with the dialysis decision-making process, and they are often untrained for these conversations. Although we have evidence from the literature that these skills can be learned, few professionals feel confident in this area. A Communication and Bioethical Training (CoBiT) Program for ACKD staff (physicians, nurses and allied health professionals) was developed to improve their ability and self-confidence in conducting these conversations...
June 23, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
Kate Renton, Hilary Quinton, Anton-Paul Thomas Mayer
BACKGROUND: The use of simulation-based medical/nursing teaching is increasingly widespread. Simulation-based teaching offers an immersive learning experience where professionals can practice communication and practical skills in a safe, authentic environment. We designed a paediatric palliative simulation study day primarily aimed at nursing staff who manage these patients in the community/hospice. We believe this is the first of its kind in the UK. AIMS: To establish whether attendance at a paediatric palliative simulation study day improved confidence and knowledge in management of common and/or difficult situations in palliative care...
June 17, 2016: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
S A Blaser, R Greif, K A Hähnlein, E Cignacco
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is one of the most threatening and unpredictable emergencies in obstetrics. Worldwide it is a leading cause of maternal death. The outcome significantly depends on competent management by a skilled interdisciplinary team. For health professionals, PPH might cause stress, anxiety and inability to act adequately. It is estimated that 70-80% of maternal deaths related to PPH are due to preventable management errors. This leads to the conclusion that health professionals need training in order to competently manage a PPH emergency...
June 2016: Zeitschrift Für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie
Olaf Timmermans, De, Klerk-, Nicolette Jolink, Pierre Boitte
This paper defends a pragmatist ethical approach in education. Such an approach has fuelled a pedagogical experimentation approach within the scope the "Dignity in care" ( European project, focusing on ethical practice in health and social care. Its key objective was to enhance 'good care', by reinforcing health care workers'ability to conduct an ethical reflection on the way they would deliver care. Nevertheless, 'good care'is a concept that may seem hard to define and to implement. To clarify and validate the characteristics and conditions of such a good care, and to explore the way to educate the concept of what "good care" is in a more concrete way, this paper presents a summary of findings across which we have come during the final conference of this three-year project and through a focus-group organized by the Lille Dignity-in-Care partners...
March 2016: Journal International de Bioéthique, International Journal of Bioethics
Danielle M Muscat, Sian Smith, Haryana M Dhillon, Suzanne Morony, Esther L Davis, Karen Luxford, Heather L Shepherd, Andrew Hayen, John Comings, Don Nutbeam, Kirsten McCaffery
BACKGROUND: Adult education institutions have been identified as potential settings to improve health literacy and address the health inequalities that stem from limited health literacy. However, few health literacy interventions have been tested in this setting. METHODS: Feasibility study for an RCT of the UK Skilled for Health Program adapted for implementation in Australian adult education settings. Implementation at two sites with mixed methods evaluation to examine feasibility, test for change in participants' health literacy and pilot test health literacy measures...
2016: International Journal for Equity in Health
Phyllis Min-Yu Lau, Robyn Woodward-Kron, Karen Livesay, Kristine Elliott, Patricia Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Cultural Respect Encompassing Simulation Training (CREST) is a learning program that uses simulation to provide health professional students and practitioners with strategies to communicate sensitively with culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) patients. It consists of training modules with a cultural competency evaluation framework and CALD simulated patients to interact with trainees in immersive simulation scenarios. The aim of this study was to test the feasibility of expanding the delivery of CREST to rural Australia using live video streaming; and to investigate the fidelity of cultural sensitivity - defined within the process of cultural competency which includes awareness, knowledge, skills, encounters and desire - of the streamed simulations...
April 26, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Jin Hui Joo, Seungyoung Hwang, Hawa Abu, Joseph J Gallo
OBJECTIVES: Traditional mental health services are not used by a majority of older adults with depression, suggesting a need for new methods of health service delivery. We conducted a pilot study using peer mentors to deliver depression care to older adults in collaboration with a mental health professional. We evaluated the acceptability of peer mentors to older adults and examined patient experiences of the intervention. METHODS: Six peer mentors met 30 patients for 1 hour weekly for 8 weeks...
May 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Diane Santa Maria, Christine Markham, Stacy Crandall, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos
OBJECTIVES: While health promotion and patient education are central to the scope of practice of professional nurses, they often feel ill-equipped to assume the role of sexual health educator and lack adequate knowledge and skills to effectively engage parents in adolescent sexual and reproductive health efforts. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Employing a mixed-methods study consisting of both pre- and post-test survey and exit interviews, a pilot study was conducted to assess the impact of implementing a parent-based adolescent sexual health intervention on baccalaureate nursing student outcomes (N = 31)...
March 31, 2016: Public Health Nursing
Elizabeth Halcomb, Moira Stephens, Julianne Bryce, Elizabeth Foley, Christine Ashley
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This paper reports an integrative review of the literature on nursing competency standards for nurses working in primary health care and, in particular, general practice. BACKGROUND: Internationally, there is growing emphasis on building a strong primary health care nursing workforce to meet the challenges of rising chronic and complex disease. However, there has been limited emphasis on examining the nursing workforce in this setting. DESIGN: Integrative review...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Ramiro D Lobato, Luis Jiménez Roldan, José F Alen, Ana M Castaño, Pablo M Munarriz, Santiago Cepeda, Alfonso Lagares
UNLABELLED: A programme proposal for competency-based Neurosurgery training adapted to the specialization project is presented. This proposal has been developed by a group of neurosurgeons commissioned by the SENEC (Spanish Society of Neurosurgery) and could be modified to generate a final version that could come into force coinciding with the implementation of the specialization programme. This document aims to facilitate the test of the new programme included in the online version of our journal...
March 2016: Neurocirugía
Yaser Safi, Mohammad Reza Khami, Samaneh Razeghi, Nafiseh Shamloo, Mahdi Soroush, Ensieh Akhgari, Anahita Moscowchi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to design, implement and evaluate the efficacy of a comprehensive course on non-clinical competencies that dentists must possess for a successful dental practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional before-after study an expert panel of five academic staff members and five general practitioners derived the topics for a course on successful dental practice, and aggregated them in the form of a two-day course. It was held for 46 randomly selected dentists in January 2010, at the School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
June 2015: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
M Gövercin, S Meyer, M Schellenbach, E Steinhagen-Thiessen, B Weiss, M Haesner
AIMS: The primary objective of the SmartSenior@home study was to examine the acceptance of the SmartSenior system by older adults. METHODS: Twenty-eight partners from industry and research, including the health care sector, worked collaboratively to implement services aiming to maximize independence in old age. The prospective cohort study was conducted in Potsdam, Germany, with n = 35 older adults between 55 and 88 years of age in their apartments. All participants underwent extensive pre- and post-study visits with in-home interviews, functional assessments for cognition, fine motor skills, and mobility as well as responding to questionnaires on user acceptance and quality of life...
December 2016: Informatics for Health & Social Care
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