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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145551/age-related-maculopathy-degeneration-by-generation
#1
Raphael R Goldacre, Tiarnan D L Keenan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145549/generational-differences-in-the-5-year-incidence-of-age-related-macular-degeneration
#2
Karen J Cruickshanks, David M Nondahl, Lauren J Johnson, Dayna S Dalton, Mary E Fisher, Guan-Hua Huang, Barbara E Klein, Ronald Klein, Carla R Schubert
Importance: Whether a reported decline in the risk of developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) continued for people born during the Baby Boom years (1946-1964) or later is unknown. These data are important to plan for ocular health care needs in the 21st century. Objectives: To determine whether the 5-year risk for AMD declined by generation and to identify factors that contributed to improvement in risk. Design, Setting, and Participants: Data came from the longitudinal cohort Beaver Dam Eye Study (March 1, 1988, through September 15, 1990, and March 1, 1993, through June 15, 1995) and the Beaver Dam Offspring Study (June 8, 2005, through August 4, 2008, and July 12, 2010, through March 21, 2013)...
November 16, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135704/popper-maculopathy-long-term-follow-up-and-case-series
#3
Michelle Hui, Justin Galvin, Michael Chilov, Pierre-Henry Gabrielle, Adrian T Fung
PURPOSE: To report a case series of popper maculopathy. METHODS: Clinical history, examination findings, retinal imaging, and progress of the disease are described. RESULTS: Four male patients with a mean age of 37 years (range 25-48) and different duration of popper use (ranging from first time user to chronic user) presented with central scotomata, phosphenes, or photophobia. Optical coherence tomography in all cases demonstrated subfoveal disruption of the ellipsoid zone...
November 10, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133672/spontaneous-anatomical-and-functional-recovery-of-bilateral-electric-shock-maculopathy
#4
Ratnesh Ranjan, George Joseph Manayath, Palmeera Dsouza, Venkatapathy Narendran
A 12-year-old boy presented with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of 6/9 in both eyes following an episode of electric shock. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) showed disruption of the ellipsoid zone as well as retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) layer. Fundus autofluorescence (FAF) showed increased central hypoautofluorescence in both eyes. At 3-month follow-up, BCVA improved to 6/6 with OCT showing spontaneous resolution of maculopathy in both eyes with reorganized RPE layer and ellipsoid zone. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of bilateral electric shock maculopathy (ESM) with spontaneous anatomical as well as functional recovery...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132488/optic-disc-pit-maculopathy-triggered-by-childbirth
#5
Imran Akram, Sereen Fatima
We describe a case of a healthy lady with a known optic disc pit who developed serous maculopathy a few hours after childbirth. We believe this is the first published description of a trigger factor responsible for serous macular detachment in eyes known to have a disc pit. She was successfully treated by means of pars plana vitrectomy and gas injection, resulting in slight visual improvement.
November 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121364/swept-source-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-findings-in-torpedo-maculopathy
#6
Zaria Ali, Carol Lally Shields, Kirti Jasani, Tariq Mehmood Aslam, Konstantinos Balaskas
Torpedo maculopathy is a rare congenital anomaly of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Various imaging modalities have been used to assess cases of torpedo maculopathy, including optical coherence tomography (OCT) and fundus autofluorescence (FAF). OCT angiography (OCTA) offers combined structural and flow characteristics of imaged lesions. The authors present OCTA findings in two cases of torpedo maculopathy. Common features include loss of RPE and choriocapillaris allowing greater visualization of larger vessels in the outer choroid...
November 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118506/localized-retinal-degeneration-secondary-to-waldenstr%C3%A3-m-s-macroglobulinemia
#7
Dhanashree Ratra, Vineet Ratra, Mansi Kishnani
A 52-year-old man, treated for Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM), continued to experience decreased vision even after 24 months. He was evaluated using multimodal imaging and electroretinography. The retina did not show any hyperviscosity changes but revealed a yellow lesion at macula with atrophic changes causing a pattern on fluorescein angiography similar to a leopard's skin. Optical coherence tomographic imaging revealed uniformly reflective material deposited in the outer retina with degeneration of outer retinal layers...
September 2017: Oman Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117609/-in-vitro-evaluation-of-the-optical-quality-of-segmental-refractive-multifocal-intraocular-lenses
#8
Timur Mert Yildirim, Gerd Uwe Auffarth, Tamer Tandogan, Stephanie Liebing, Grzegorz Labuz, Chul Young Choi, Ramin Khoramnia
Objectives In customised patient care, it is important to know the optical quality of different intraocular lenses (IOL). In this study, the optical quality of three segmental intraocular lenses were compared. Materials and Methods The LENTIS Comfort LS-313 MF15, LENTIS Mplus X LS-313 MF30 and LENTIS High Add IOL LS-313 MF80 (Oculentis, Berlin, Germany) with a far power of + 21 D were analysed at the optical bench OptiSpheric IOL PRO (Trioptics GmbH, Wedel, Germany). The lenses have almost the same optical design but differ in the power of the near segment...
November 8, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117066/predictive-factors-of-surgical-outcomes-in-vitrectomy-for-myopic-traction-maculopathy
#9
Kyoko Hattori, Keiko Kataoka, Jun Takeuchi, Yasuki Ito, Hiroko Terasaki
PURPOSE: To assess predictive factors and surgical outcomes for myopic traction maculopathy. METHODS: This retrospective observational case study enrolled 73 patients who underwent vitrectomy for myopic traction maculopathy. The 79 eyes obtained from our study sample were divided into 4 types: retinoschisis, lamellar macular hole (lamellar MH), foveal retinal detachment (FRD), and FRD + lamellar MH, or into 2 types according to the presence of FRD preoperatively...
November 7, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111818/glycemic-control-and-quality-of-life-following-cataract-surgery-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-and-without-maculopathy
#10
Dor Bar-Oz, Idan Hecht, Asaf Achiron, Mohamad Midlij, Vitaly Man, Yosefa Bar Dayan, Zvia Burgansky-Eliash
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether cataract removal surgery will improve glycemic control and quality of life in patients with diabetes. METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study of 28 patients with type 2 diabetes and without diabetic retinopathy scheduled for cataract removal surgery. During the 4 months of follow-up, measurements of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were obtained and assessment of quality of life was performed using two questionnaires: The EuroQoL 5-Dimension (EQ-5D®) and the Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire (MDQ)...
November 7, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108393/anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-for-unilateral-acute-idiopathic-maculopathy
#11
Georgios Mylonas, Franz Prager, Barbara Wetzel, Panagiotis Malamos, Gabor Deak, Michael Amon
PURPOSE: To describe a case of unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy (UAIM) response to intravitreal therapy with aflibercept (Eylea). METHODS: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: A 36-year-old woman with sudden visual impairment and central scotoma was found to have a UAIM in her left eye. Three weeks after continuous worsening of her visual acuity and central scotoma, the patient was treated with intravitreal injections of aflibercept...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071469/ultrastructural-analyses-of-internal-limiting-membrane-excised-from-highly-myopic-eyes-with-myopic-traction-maculopathy
#12
Reiji Yokota, Akito Hirakata, Nobutsugu Hayashi, Kazunari Hirota, Tosho Rii, Yuji Itoh, Tadashi Orihara, Makoto Inoue
PURPOSE: To evaluate the ultrastructure of the internal limiting membranes (ILMs) excised during vitrectomy from highly myopic eyes with myopic traction maculopathy (MTM). The clinical findings before and after the vitrectomy were compared. METHODS: Seven eyes of 7 patients with macular retinoschisis were studied. Four of these eyes also had a foveal detachment but without a retinal break. All the eyes underwent vitrectomy with the creation of a posterior vitreous detachment and ILM peeling...
October 25, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067532/biometric-evaluation-of-myopic-eyes-without-posterior-staphyloma-disproportionate-ocular-growth
#13
Sudarshan Khokhar, Brijesh Takkar, Esha Agarwal, Nripen Gaur, Raghav Ravani, Pradeep Venkatesh
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in the anterior segment of myopic eyes and assess anterior biometry as a function of axial length (AL). DESIGN: Retrospective investigational study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients evaluated for phakic intraocular lens surgery at a tertiary eye care centre. METHODS: Patients with corrected visual acuity > 20/40 and AL > 24.5 mm were included in the study. Posterior staphyloma and maculopathy were ruled out in all the patients, and 176 eyes were included for analysis...
October 24, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059963/deep-tessellated-retinal-image-detection-using-convolutional-neural-networks
#14
Xingzheng Lyu, Hai Li, Yi Zhen, Xin Ji, Sanyuan Zhang
Tessellation in fundus is not only a visible feature for aged-related and myopic maculopathy but also confuse retinal vessel segmentation. The detection of tessellated images is an inevitable processing in retinal image analysis. In this work, we propose a model using convolutional neural network for detecting tessellated images. The input to the model is pre-processed fundus image, and the output indicate whether this photograph has tessellation or not. A database with 12,000 colour retinal images is collected to evaluate the classification performance...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059089/refractory-giant-cell-arteritis-complicated-by-vision-loss-from-optic-atrophy-and-maculopathy-associated-with-pachymeningitis
#15
Jorge A Uribe, Ishita Aggarwal, Juthamat Witthayaweerasak, Y Joyce Liao, Gerald J Berry, Umesh K Sab, Cornelia M Weyand
BACKGROUND: We describe a 75-year-old woman who experienced vision loss in her left eye due to biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis (GCA). She subsequently developed pachymeningitis causing refractory headaches and bilateral optic neuropathy and maculopathy. METHODS: Case report with literature review. RESULTS: Eighteen months after the initial diagnosis of GCA, imaging studies in our patient demonstrated pachymeningeal enhancement, and meningeal biopsy confirmed lymphoplasmacytic tissue infiltrates with low frequencies of IgG4+ plasma cells...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054477/-update-on-recommendations-for-screening-for-hydroxychloroquine-retinopathy
#16
A Couturier, A Giocanti-Aurégan, B Dupas, J-F Girmens, Y Le Mer, N Massamba, E Barreau, I Audo
INTRODUCTION: Recommendations for screening for chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) retinopathy have recently been changed by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, taking into account new published data on toxicity prevalence, risk factors, location of onset in the retina and the efficacy of screening tests. METHODS: Literature review. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The risk of developing CQ or HCQ retinopathy depends on the daily dose and duration of treatment...
November 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044067/improvement-in-distance-and-near-visual-acuities-using-low-vision-devices-in-diabetic-retinopathy
#17
Sarika Gopalakrishnan, Aishwarya Muralidharan, Shwetha Chambayil Susheel, Rajiv Raman
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to elucidate the causes and level of visual impairment (VI) in patients with different pathologies of diabetic retinopathy (DR) who presented to a low vision care (LVC) clinic, to analyze the type of distant and near devices prescribed to them and the visual benefits thereof. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was done for 100 consecutive patients with DR who were referred to the LVC clinic from June 2015 to June 2016. The reason for referral was assessed from the electronic medical records and available fundus photographs, fundus fluorescein angiograms, and optical coherence tomography images by a retina specialist...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030796/classification-and-characterization-of-acute-macular-neuroretinopathy-with-spectral-domain-optical-coherence-tomography
#18
Katerina Hufendiek, Maria-Andreea Gamulescu, Karsten Hufendiek, Horst Helbig, David Märker
PURPOSE: To classify and characterize AMN lesions with SD-OCT during a follow-up as long as 5 years. METHODS: Retrospective study of 14 patients (18 eyes) with special focus on SD-OCT. We measured thickness of inner nuclear layer (INL), outer retinal layer (ONL), and hyperreflective band at baseline and during follow-up. AMN lesions were classified as type 1 and type 2. RESULTS: Of 14 patients (six males, eight females, mean age 29.7 years), three patients (four eyes) had type 1 and nine (12 eyes) had type 2...
October 13, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028736/superficial-and-deep-capillary-ischemia-as-a-presenting-sign-of-retinal-vasculopathy-with-cerebral-leukoencephalopathy-and-systemic-manifestations
#19
Aaron Nagiel, Robert A Lalane, Joanna C Jen, Allan E Kreiger
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the presenting sign of retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukoencephalopathy and systemic manifestations, a rare autosomal dominant condition caused by mutations in the TREX1 gene, and to explore the potential efficacy of bevacizumab in preventing capillary occlusions. METHODS: Observational case report with the use of ultra-widefield fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography, and optical coherence tomography angiography...
October 12, 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025175/-multifocal-electroretinography-in-patients-with-poppers-maculopathy
#20
Milena Pahlitzsch, Daniel Salchow, Mirjam Rossel, Richard Bergholz
Background Maculopathy is a potential side effect of amyl nitrite or "poppers" abuse. It is characterized by a sudden, painless decrease in visual acuity. While the funduscopic changes are subtle, optical coherence tomography shows alterations of the outer retinal layers in the fovea. However, the extent of retinal dysfunction remains poorly understood. Materials/Methods We compared the multifocal electroretinogram of 6 patients with poppers maculopathy to that of a control group consisting of 6 healthy subjects...
October 12, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
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