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Mohammad Jafferany, Maryam E Davari
Itch, also referred to as pruritus, is an unpleasant cutaneous sensation provoking the desire to scratch. It is often an uncomfortable, subjective sensation responsible for decreased quality of life in a variety of psychodermatological conditions. Comorbid psychiatric conditions, including depression and anxiety, are frequently associated with itch and scratch cycle. The reciprocal and intricate relationship between the psyche and itch has been widely studied. The neurobiology of itch involves the complexity of specific mediators, itch-related neuronal pathways, and central processing of itch...
June 19, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Siobhán Howard, Adam O'Riordan, Michelle Nolan
It is argued that the Type D person experiences increased distress when encountering social situations, which results in altered stress responding. However, little is known about how Type D individuals behave or feel during social interactions. Using a within-subjects design, the present study examined the physiological arousal of Type D and non-Type D individuals when rating how they would deal with a number of hypothetical social situations. Results showed that across all social situations, Type D individuals experienced greater levels of discomfort...
June 18, 2018: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Awat Feizi, Ahmad Esmaeilzadeh, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamidreza Roohafza, Hamid Afshar, Peyman Adibi
OBJECTIVE: Although dietary patterns have been evaluated in relation to psychological disorders, their associations with psychosomatic complaints are unclear. We investigated relations of dietary patterns with psychosomatic complaints profiles. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 3363 adults were included. Dietary intakes and psychosomatic complaints were assessed using self-administered Persian validated questionnaires. Dietary patterns and psychosomatic symptom profiles were identified using exploratory factor analysis...
June 18, 2018: Nutritional Neuroscience
Katya Vangelova, Irina Dimitrova, Bistra Tzenova
OBJECTIVES: The work ability of aging teachers is of special interest because of high risk of stress. The aim of the study was to follow the work ability of aging teachers and compare it with that of aging non-teacher professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 424 teachers of age ≤ 44 years old (N = 140) and ≥ 45 years old (N = 284), with about 10% male teachers in both age groups, matched by sex and age with non-teacher professionals. Work ability was assessed by means of the Work Ability Index (WAI)...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Simon Manuel Ewers, Malte Christian Claussen
Sport as applied therapy in patients with schizophrenic psychoses Abstract. Schizophrenic psychoses are serious mental illnesses associated with low life expectancy compared with healthy individuals and other psychiatric disorders. Overweight and associated health problems such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and smoking-associated lung disease have been shown to be risk factors related to high mortality. Low physical activity and increased sedentary behavior have been identified as the most important behavioral risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in people with schizophrenia...
June 2018: Therapeutische Umschau. Revue Thérapeutique
Javeria N Syeda, Ian H Rutkofsky, Adnan S Muhammad, Tarig H Balla Abdalla, Zahid Saghir
The association of major depressive disorder (MDD) with myocardial infarction (MI) and vice versa is not unknown. Depression, along with many other systemic factors like atherosclerosis, obesity, diabetes and vascular dysfunction, contributes to the development of adverse cardiac events in the future and, has always been a topic of interest in the fields of cardiology and psychosomatics. We wrote this review article to elaborate this relationship in detail. This article suggests that the individuals with type D personality who already had cardiovascular disease had undergone more serious myocardial damage...
April 11, 2018: Curēus
Bernhard A Sabel, Jiaqi Wang, Lizbeth Cárdenas-Morales, Muneeb Faiq, Christine Heim
The loss of vision after damage to the retina, optic nerve, or brain has often grave consequences in everyday life such as problems with recognizing faces, reading, or mobility. Because vision loss is considered to be irreversible and often progressive, patients experience continuous mental stress due to worries, anxiety, or fear with secondary consequences such as depression and social isolation. While prolonged mental stress is clearly a consequence of vision loss, it may also aggravate the situation. In fact, continuous stress and elevated cortisol levels negatively impact the eye and brain due to autonomous nervous system (sympathetic) imbalance and vascular dysregulation; hence stress may also be one of the major causes of visual system diseases such as glaucoma and optic neuropathy...
June 2018: EPMA Journal
Kira E Riehm, Eric Latimer, Amélie Quesnel-Vallée, Gonneke W J M Stevens, Geneviève Gariépy, Frank J Elgar
Background: Scant evidence exists on the relation between the availability of health professionals and adolescent health, and whether the size of the health workforce equally benefits adolescents across socioeconomic strata. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of adolescent health in 38 countries. Data from 218 790 adolescents were drawn from the 2013/2014 Health Behavior in School-aged Children survey. We used multilevel regression analyses to examine the association between the density of the health workforce and psychosomatic and mental health symptoms with differences in country wealth and income inequality controlled...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Public Health
J-M Darves-Bornoz
In the title of this text, by somatic disorders we mean those physical illnesses clearly related to a non-psychiatric medical field, frequently termed psychosomatic illnesses and somatoform disorders. For forty years, a trend of thought has focused with pertinence on the psychological peculiarities in patients with severe somatic diseases. Moreover, causality was often supposed in the regularly mentioned association between personality features and somatoform disorders. However, the revival of the study of the earlier field of relationships between mind and body by Briquet, Charcot, Janet and Freud in his first period has led to the reassessment of the meaning of these observations...
June 8, 2018: L'Encéphale
Peter Gunther Auer, Paul Enck, Winfried Häuser, Andreas Stengel, Martin Storr, Jost Langhorst
The Association Psychosomatics in Gastroenterology of the DGVS aims to sharpen the profile of psychosomatic proportions in diagnostics, differential diagnostics and therapy of gastroenterological diseases, increasingly establish psychosomatic aspects in further education and clinical practice guidelines, deepen the cooperation with psychosomatic societies and strengthen the job satisfaction and mental health of gastroenterologists in Germany.
June 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
M P Pereira, K Agelopoulos, A E Kremer, M Schmelz
Chronic pruritus may arise from different conditions, including dermatological, systemic, neurologic, psychiatric, and psychosomatic diseases, leading to a substantial decrease in the quality of life of affected patients. The neurobiological mechanisms involved in chronic pruritus are not yet fully understood. However, in recent years important achievements have been made in this regard. This article aims to provide an overview of the current understanding of these mechanisms. The complex network of neurons, keratinocytes, inflammatory cells, cytokines, and neurotrophic factors which play a role in the development and maintenance of chronic pruritus are highlighted, as well as the pruritogens involved in pruritic diseases in humans...
June 6, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Prasad Vijay Barre, Gadiraju Padmaja, Suvashisa Rana, Tiamongla
Background: Cancer pervades many dimensions of an individual's life - demanding a holistic treatment approach. However, studies with combined medical and psychological interventions (MPIs) are sparse. High-level stress and poor quality of life (QoL) can hinder patients' prognosis. The study thus aimed to analyze the impact of combined medical and psychological (psychoeducation, relaxation technique-guided imagery, and cognitive therapy) interventions on stress and QoL of cancer patients - head and neck, breast, and lung cancers...
May 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Natasa Maksimovic, Milica Zaric, Suncica Bjelica, Jelena Eric Marinkovic, Slavenka Jankovic
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to estimate whether the stress, lack of social support, and poor emotional relationships influence the recurrence of AD in adults. METHODS: Case-control study comprised 66 outpatients with AD and 132 controls with different skin diseases believed to be slightly influenced by psychosomatic factors. Participants were treated at the Department of Dermatology - Military Medical Academy and City Department for Skin and Venereal Diseases from January to June 2014...
June 4, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis, Iman Elfeddali, Ursula Werneke, Ulrik F Malt, Omer Van den Bergh, Rainer Schaefert, Willem J Kop, Antonio Lobo, Michael Sharpe, Wolfgang Söllner, Bernd Löwe
Background: Somatic Symptom Disorders (SSD), Bodily Distress Disorders (BDD) and functional disorders (FD) are associated with high medical and societal costs and pose a substantial challenge to the population and health policy of Europe. To meet this challenge, a specific research agenda is needed as one of the cornerstones of sustainable mental health research and health policy for SSD, BDD, and FD in Europe. Aim: To identify the main challenges and research priorities concerning SSD, BDD, and FD from a European perspective...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Anna Schneider, Matthias Weigl
BACKGROUND: Emergency departments (ED) are complex and dynamic work environments with various psychosocial work stressors that increase risks for providers' well-being. Yet, no systematic review is available which synthesizes the current research base as well as quantitatively aggregates data on associations between ED work factors and provider well-being outcomes. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at synthesizing the current research base on quantitative associations between psychosocial work factors (classified into patient-/ task-related, organizational, and social factors) and mental well-being of ED providers (classified into positive well-being outcomes, affective symptoms and negative psychological functioning, cognitive-behavioural outcomes, and psychosomatic health complaints)...
2018: PloS One
Anne Herrmann-Werner, Rebecca Erschens, Barbara Schlisio, Christoph Nikendei, Robert Smolka, Stephan Zipfel, Caroline Rometsch-Ogioun El Sount
Teaching about chronic pain in psychosomatics courses - an overview of the situation in Germany and the Tübingen Model Objectives: When dealing with chronic pain patients it is crucial to take a bio-psycho-social approach. However, it is unclear how this approach is currently being taught to medical students, and how they judge its role and importance. METHODS: We carried out a qualitative study (questionnaire) asking (1) German psychosomatic departments about pain-related teaching and (2) medical undergraduates about pain-relevant issues...
June 2018: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Arefeh Erfan, Ahmad Ali Noorbala, Saeed Karbasi Amel, Abolfazl Mohammadi, Peyman Adibi
Background: Positive and negative emotional states are the most important factors in treatment and prevention process of psychosomatic diseases. This research aimed to investigate the effectiveness of emotional schemas' therapy on emotional schemas' modification and difficulties of emotion regulation in women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Materials and Methods: This research was implemented in the framework of single-subject experimental design using step-wise multiple baselines plan...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Judith Krämer, Konstantinos Triantafyllias, Wolfgang Kohnen, Martin Leber, Ute Dederichs-Masius, Andrea Zucker, Jürgen Körber, Andreas Schwarting
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) both in rheumatologic and non-rheumatologic rehabilitation centers. In addition, we sought to evaluate the practice value of existing screening recommendations of the German Commission for Hospital Hygiene and Infection Prevention (KRINKO). METHODS: The analysis was performed in four rehabilitation clinics (rheumatology, psychosomatic medicine, oncology, and cardiology) with at least 200 patients per clinic tested for MRSA...
June 2, 2018: Rheumatology and Therapy
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen, Mustafa al'Absi
Depression is an established predictor of adverse cardiovascular disease outcomes. Less is known about cardiovascular risk factors as predictors of depression. In this issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, Patel et al. report data indicating that pre-existing hypertension may be associated with the atypical but not typical form of depression. We highlight here the strengths and limitations of the article and discuss the findings in light of research linking blood pressure and emotion regulation. In general, evidence suggests that higher blood pressure is associated with reduced expression of negative emotions and pain...
May 30, 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
Anna-Sophia Welte, Monika Edlinger, Georg Kemmler, Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Alex Hofer
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from psychiatric disorders are often treated in locked psychiatric units owing to psychomotor agitation, hostility and aggressive behavior, or suicidality. Because of legal conditions, investigations of these acutely ill patients are difficult, and many studies do not represent real-life psychiatry. In Austria, admission to a locked psychiatric unit is regulated by a national law for involuntary admission, which came into effect in 1991. The current retrospective study investigated the management of patients who were admitted involuntarily to an academic treatment center after the inauguration of this law...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
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