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Priyanka Razdan, Basavaraj Patthi, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Nikhil Agnihotri, Prajakta Chaudhari, Monika Prasad
AIMS: The aim was to assess and correlate the influence of the concentration of fluoride in ingested water on the intelligence quotient (IQ) of 12-14-year-old youngsters in Mathura district. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 219 children were selected, 75 from low F area, 75 medium F area, and 69 from high F area. The concentration of fluoride in the routinely ingested water was estimated using "Ion Selective Electrode method"; then, Raven's Test was utilized to estimate the IQ of the study participants...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
Annegret Dreher, Eric Hahn, Albert Diefenbacher, Main Huong Nguyen, Kerem Böge, Hannah Burian, Michael Dettling, Ronald Burian, Thi Minh Tam Ta
OBJECTIVE: Despite an extensive body of research on somatic symptom presentation among people of East- and Southeast-Asian descent, results are still inconclusive. Examining and comparing symptom presentation in clinically and ethnically well-characterized populations may constitute a step towards understanding symptom presentation between patients with a different cultural background. This study aims to compare Vietnamese and German patients regarding cultural dynamics of symptom presentation upon first admission to a psychiatric outpatient service...
November 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
Fremonta Meyer, Omair Abbasi, David Kasick, Kewchang Lee, Christine Pelic, Jennifer Zinser, Thomas Harris, Margo Funk
BACKGROUND: Consultation-liaison (C-L) psychiatry clerkship rotations may improve medical students' understanding of psychiatric principles relevant to the settings in which they will ultimately practice. This study aimed to characterize students' experiences on C-L rotations. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey study, sponsored by the Academy of Psychosomatic Medicine Subcommittee on Medical Student Education, was conducted at 5 US medical schools between 2012 and 2016...
August 2, 2017: Psychosomatics
Yorgos Dimitriadis
This article aims to define the conceptual field of jouissance in Lacanian theory, and put forth the hypothesis of a relationship between certain neurophysiological mechanisms and specific clinical phenomena where jouissance is "kindled" and outside the control of the symbolic process. First, the author briefly introduces Lacan's notion of jouissance and the way it draws on Freud's theorization, and describes the preliminary stages of this conceptual field in Lacan's work. Then, the jouissance related to two other concepts: repetition, with its Freudian and Lacanian nuances, as well as the-exclusively-Lacanian concept of the object petit a...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
Emeran A Mayer, Elaine Y Hsiao
Accumulating evidence indicates bidirectional associations between the brain and the gut microbiome with both top-down and bottom-up processes. This article describes new developments in brain-gut interactions as an introduction to a special issue of Psychosomatic Medicine, based on a joint symposium of the American Psychosomatic Society and the American Gastroenterological Association. Literature review articles indicate that several psychiatric disorders are associated with altered gut microbiota, whereas evidence linking functional gastrointestinal disorders and dysbiosis has not been firmly established...
October 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
Joel E Dimsdale
The new Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM5) defines Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders (SSRD) as longstanding somatic symptoms that are associated with disproportionate thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, irrespective of whether or not a medical cause for these symptoms can be determined. In this Special Section of Psychosomatic Medicine, several articles address diagnostic issues and the central nervous system correlates of SSRD and document new developments in its treatment.
October 2, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
Jörg Oster
Characteristics of art therapists in rehabilitative therapy Objectives: This study examines the sociodemographic, qualification- and activity-related characteristics of art therapists working in the field of rehabilitation. METHODS: In 2013, an analysis of occupational groups was carried out in Germany, with the objective of describing the art therapists working there.A total of 2,303 complete datasets were submitted. From this group, those therapists mainly working in the field of rehabilitation/follow-up care/participation of disabled persons (according to Social Security Code VI and IX, n = 302) were selected and described...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Judith Uhlenbrock, Jens Hinrichs, Gereon Heuft
A retrospective study of expert opinions of a psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic university hospital for public and private customers over a period of 12 years Objectives: Both the public and the legislative have developed an increasingly critical awareness for the fact that expert witnesses need to be independent. In contrast, to date there have been few studies concerning the quantity and the results of psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic expert opinions for public and private clients. METHODS: In a retrospective study design, 285 expert opinions of a psychosomatic-psychotherapeutic university hospital stemming from consecutive, unselected random sampling over a 12-year time period (1990-2011) were analyzed using a predefined list of criteria...
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Gereon Heuft
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
Trang T H Tu, Anna Miura, Yukiko Shinohara, Lou Mikuzuki, Kaoru Kawasaki, Shiori Sugawara, Takayuki Suga, Takeshi Watanabe, Motoko Watanabe, Yojiro Umezaki, Tatsuya Yoshikawa, Haruhiko Motomura, Miho Takenoshita, Akira Toyofuku
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to: (1) investigate the differences in clinical characteristics of patients between two groups: with Atypical Odontalgia (AO) only and with Burning Mouth Syndrome (BMS) (2) assess psychiatric comorbidity factor's influence on patients' experience. METHOD: Medical records, psychiatric referral forms of patients visiting the Psychosomatic Dentistry Clinic of Tokyo Medical and Dental University between 2013-2016 were reviewed. The final sample included two groups of 355 patients: AO-only (n=272) and AO-BMS patients (n=83)...
October 3, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
S A Krivosheev, O V Kartashova, U A Tikhonova, O V Zakharova
There are questions in the article that study mutual relations of patients of elderly and senile age with pharmaceutical experts. It was revealed that pharmacy organizations are an important element in the life of patients of the third age and noted the high role of the pharmaceutical specialist in their social environment. The article shows the need to focus on the psychosomatic features of elderly patients with proper pharmaceutical counseling and professional communication. It was noted that interaction of patients of the third age with pharmaceutical specialists and their confidence in them has high importance...
2017: Advances in Gerontology, Uspekhi Gerontologii
Janice Wasilewski, Josephine Otto, Michael Linden
In rehabilitation medicine an important goal is to restore the ability to work by improving resistance to stress. We observed the development of resistance orientation on one hand and the tendency of self-care, stress avoidance, and regeneration orientation on the other, in the course of a 5 week psychosomatic inpatient rehabilitation. A convenience sample of 121 inpatients of a psychosomatic rehabilitation unit filled in the ReRe-Scale (Resistance-Regeneration-Scale) at the beginning and end of a 5 week inpatient treatment...
September 28, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
Nicolas Zdanowicz, Christine Reynaert, Denis Jacques, Thomas Dubois
BACKGROUND: The effects of depression on the immune system are well known. Recently, depression as a consequence of an immune disorder has received increased research attention. Here, we test the hypothesis that the depression-immunity association is a buffer zone between external stimuli, defence mechanisms, and intrinsic determinants. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Five hundred and forty-nine patients presenting with a major depressive episode completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Lazarus and Folkman's coping inventory, and the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Scale (FACES III)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Brice Lepièce, Christine Reynaert, Denis Jacques, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: Since 2010, the Belgian mental healthcare system has been involved in a structural reform: the main objective of this reorganisation is to foster the reintegration in the community of patients suffering from a mental health disorder. In parallel, the role of mental health professionals has evolved these last years: from a strictly clinical role, to the preoccupation with the rehabilitation of social competencies such as enhancing patients' abilities to return to work. The aim of this paper is to explore, specifically for patients hospitalized for a common mental health disorder, the predictive variables of returning to work within 6 months after hospitalization (RTW6)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Thomas Dubois, Christine Reynaert, Denis Jacques, Nicolas Zdanowicz
BACKGROUND: A large amount of evidence has already shown associations between depression and immunity, a bi-directional relationship seems to be increasingly evident. We showed in several precedent studies that family dynamics (Dubois et al. 2016, Zdanowicz et al. 2015), some coping skills (Manceaux et al. 2016) or gender (Fagniart et al. 2016) are correlated with depression and/or immunity and change the way depression and immunity interact together. METHOD: The objective of this review is to study the literature in search of older and recent evidence about how immunity and depression interact and which determinants influence this relationship...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
Shin Takayama, Soichiro Kaneko, Takehiro Numata, Tetsuharu Kamiya, Ryutaro Arita, Natsumi Saito, Akiko Kikuchi, Minoru Ohsawa, Yoshitaka Kohayagawa, Tadashi Ishii
Large-scale natural disasters, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and typhoons, occur worldwide. After the Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami, our medical support operation's experiences suggested that traditional medicine might be useful for treating the various symptoms of the survivors. However, little information is available regarding herbal medicine treatment in such situations. Considering that further disasters will occur, we performed a literature review and summarized the traditional medicine approaches for treatment after large-scale disasters...
2017: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
A R C Nwokocha, J M Chinawa, V Onukwuli, A Ubesie, Appolos Ndukuba, A T Chinawa, Elias Aniwada, Samuel Uwaezuoke
BACKGROUND: Adolescents do present with somatization disorder which is often neglected by pediatricians. This could have serious consequences if not curbed early. OBJECTIVES: This study is aimed at determining the pattern and types of Somatization disorder among adolescents attending secondary schools in south east Nigeria. METHODS: Somatization disorder was investigated among 485 adolescents from mixed schools using a stratified random sampling of adolescents from four secondary schools in southeast Nigeria...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
Vesna Tlaker
Excoriated acne is a difficult challenge in daily practice. Patients generally fail to follow the most important measure: not to "clean" and manipulate their lesions. Because the literature tends to emphasize the mental aspect of this condition, patients with excoriated acne may be quickly classified as psychosomatic or even psychiatric cases, and dermatologists may be overlooking opportunities to help. This report presents the case of a young woman with excoriated acne and anorexia nervosa, treated with a combination of 1,064 nm Nd:YAG laser, standard acne topical therapy, and a reassuring, non-judgmental approach...
September 2017: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica
Tsukasa Kanchiku, Hidenori Suzuki, Yasuaki Imajo, Yuichiro Yoshida, Norihiro Nishida, Toshihiko Taguchi
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes in adolescents diagnosed with psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis and to evaluate the efficacy of differential diagnosis methods. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of low-back pain in adolescence is similar to that in adults, but the causes of low-back pain are difficult to determine in most cases. For these patients, a definitive diagnosis of psychogenic low-back pain and hysterical paralysis as well as adequate treatment are clinically important to avoid unnecessary surgical treatment...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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