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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457938/predicting-and-preventing-alcohol-relapse-in-alcohol-related-liver-disease
#1
Iyoni Ranasinghe, Jacqueline Sin, Ian Norman, Margaret Lau-Walker
BACKGROUND: despite a 450% increase in UK alcohol-related liver disease mortality over the past 30 years, little evidence-based guidance exists regarding preventing recidivism post-liver transplant for alcohol-related liver disease. METHOD: a systematic literature review was conducted to identify demographic variables predictive of alcohol relapse and effective psychosocial interventions for alcohol-related liver disease patients post-liver transplant. RESULTS: variables most significantly predictive of alcohol relapse post-transplant were-less than 12 months pre-liver transplant abstinence; patients with children; poor pre-liver transplant psychosomatic evaluation; non-compliance with post-liver transplant treatment plan; and patients with active insurance policies...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455895/childhood-trauma-and-resilience-in-psoriatic-patients-a-preliminary-report
#2
Maria Luigia Crosta, Clara De Simone, Salvatore Di Pietro, Mariateresa Acanfora, Giacomo Caldarola, Lorenzo Moccia, Antonino Callea, Isabella Panaccione, Ketty Peris, Lucio Rinaldi, Luigi Janiri, Marco Di Nicola
AIMS: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease with a complex etiology, involving the immune system, genetic factors, and external/internal triggers, with psychosomatic aspects. The aim of the study was to investigate childhood trauma and resilience in a psoriatic sample compared with healthy controls. Correlations between childhood trauma, resilience, quality of life, clinical data and psoriatic features were also evaluated. METHODS: Seventy-seven psoriatic patients and seventy-six homogeneous healthy controls were enrolled...
March 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453300/school-based-lifestyle-education-involving-parents-for-reducing-subjective-psychosomatic-symptoms-in-japanese-adolescents-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Junko Watanabe, Mariko Watanabe, Kazue Yamaoka, Misa Adachi, Asuka Nemoto, Toshiro Tango
INTRODUCTION: Severe subjective psychosomatic symptoms (SPS) in adolescents are a major public health concern, and lifestyle modification interventions for reducing SPS are important topics. Recently, we developed a school-based lifestyle education involving parents for reducing SPS of adolescents (SPRAT), an improved version of the programme from our previous study Programme for adolescent of lifestyle education in Kumamoto (PADOK). This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of SPRAT in reducing SPS among adolescents...
February 16, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448281/-evaluation-of-factor-structure-and-construct-validity-of-the-12-item-short-version-of-the-opd-structure-questionnaire-opd-sqs-in-psychosomatic-patients
#4
Alexander Obbarius, Nina Obbarius, Felix Fischer, Gregor Liegl, Matthias Rose
BACKGROUND: Screening for personality dysfunction is regarded as increasingly important for treatment planning in clinical settings as this allows to determine specific clinical pathways in an early stage. Recently, the 12-item OPD Structure Questionnaire (OPD-SQS) was developed for this purpose and initial results of the factor structure and validity have been published. This study aimed to investigate and validate the OPD-SQS in further patient samples beyond the team of developers and to provide reference values...
February 15, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447711/no-355-physiologic-basis-of-pain-in-labour-and-delivery-an-evidence-based-approach-to-its-management
#5
Julie Bonapace, Guy-Paul Gagné, Nils Chaillet, Raymonde Gagnon, Emmanuelle Hébert, Sarah Buckley
OBJECTIVE: To review the evidence relating to nonpharmacological approaches in the management of pain during labour and delivery. To formulate recommendations for the usage of nonpharmacological approaches to pain management. OPTIONS: Nonpharmacological methods available for pain management during labour and delivery exist. These should be included in the counselling and care of women. EVIDENCE: PubMed and Medline were searched for articles in French and English on subjects related to "breastfeeding," "pain," "epidural," "anaesthesia," "analgesia," "labour," "labor," and combined with "gate control theory," "alternative therapies," "massage," "position," "mobility," "TENS," "bathing," "DNIC," "acupuncture," "acupressure," "sterile water injection," "higher center," "control mind," "cognitive structuring," "holistic health," "complementary therapy(ies)," "breathing," "relaxation," "mental imagery," "visualization," "mind focusing," "hypnosis," "auto-hypnosis," "sophrology," "mind and body interventions," "music," "odors," "biofeedback," "Lamaze," "Bonapace," "prenatal training," "gymnastic," "chanting," "haptonomy," "environment," "transcutaneous electrical stimulus-stimulation," "antenatal education," "support," "continuous support," "psychosocial support," "psychosomatic medicine," "supportive care," "companion," "intrapartum care," "nurse," "midwife(ves)," "father," "doula," "caregiver," " hormones," "oxytocin," "endorphin," "prolactin," "catecholamine," "adrenaline," and "noradrenaline" from 1990 to December 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446050/coping-mechanisms-for-psychosomatic-symptoms-among-aging-roman-catholic-german-priests
#6
Carlos I Man-Ging, Eckhard Frick, Klaus Baumann
To identify and investigate coping mechanisms and other factors which may impact upon the psychosomatic symptoms of aging German Roman Catholic priests. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 499 aging German Roman Catholic priests with standardized questionnaires: Brief Symptom Inventory, Coping Inventory Stressful Situations, and Religious Coping Scale. Task-Oriented Coping exhibited a significant difference between the two groups. Multiple regression analyses indicated that psychosomatic symptoms could be best predicted by means of Task-Oriented Coping mechanisms, identification with priesthood, and by a low Negative Religious Coping...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439279/-comorbid-mental-disorders-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-prevalence-and-psychosocial-needs-in-tertiary-care
#7
Alexander Niecke, Hanna Lemke, Tobias Goeser, Martin Hellmich, Frank Vitinius, Christian Albus
BACKGROUND: In the field of gastroenterology and hepatology, associations and interactions with comorbid mental disorders are often described, but there is currently a lack of methodologically high-quality studies on prevalence and the need for care. The aim of the study was to take account of this shortcoming. METHODS: Prospective, monocentric, cross-sectional study of a representative sample of inpatients at a university hospital. A total of 308 participants were examined for the presence of 8 frequent psychological syndromes with a validated questionnaire (PHQ-D)...
February 13, 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434655/history-aims-and-present-structure-of-psychosomatic-medicine-in-germany
#8
REVIEW
Hans-Christian Deter, Johannes Kruse, Stephan Zipfel
Combining its two traditions of integrated psychosomatics in internal medicine and focusing on psychotherapeutic/psychiatric methods in many clinical fields, German psychosomatic medicine has developed well over the last decades. It benefits from its institutional independence and the progressive changes in health care. Clinically, disorder-oriented psychotherapy is a core method integrated with other modes of therapy. As a conceptual base for empirical research, non-reductionist accounts of the interactions of (sick) persons with their environment are most important...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434077/low-proportion-of-dietary-plant-protein-among-athletes-with-premenstrual-syndrome-related-performance-impairment
#9
Keiko Yamada, Takashi Takeda
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is psychosomatic disorder that are limited to the late luteal phase in the menstrual cycle. PMS could impair athletic performance. To investigate associations between proportions of dietary plant and animal protein and PMS-related impairment of athletic performance, we surveyed 135 female athletes aged 18-23 years attending Kindai University. Participants belonged to authorized university clubs, all of which have high rankings in Japanese university sports. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires on diet history, demographics, and PMS-related impairment of athletic performance...
2018: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433152/-psychosomatic-medicine-as-a-perspective-german-congress-for-psychosomatic-medicine-and-psychotherapy-march-21-24-2018-in-berlin
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422181/playing-music-improves-well-being-of-oncology-nurses
#11
Stella Ploukou, Efharis Panagopoulou
BACKGROUND: Nurses experience high levels of stress associated with the demands of their workplace. Anxiety and depression symptoms are common in this occupational group and the necessity of supportive actions is vital. This is especially true for nurses working in high intensity and demanding settings such as oncology units. AIM: This study examined the effects of a music intervention on anxiety, depression, and psychosomatic symptoms of oncology nurses. METHODS: Forty-eight oncology nurses, were randomized to either an intervention group (n = 22) attending four consecutive weekly 1-h music classes or a control group with no intervention (n = 26) who maintained their usual lifestyle habits, for one month...
February 2018: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411345/psychosomatic-symptoms-of-the-couvade-syndrome-in-finnish-and-polish-expectant-fathers
#12
Urszula Sioma Markowska, Michalina Zyg, Bogumiła Kiełbratowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the occurrence of symptoms associated with the Couvade syndrome in two groups of men of Polish and Finnish nationality, and to perform a comparative analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in two groups of men (expectant fathers): 51 Poles and 40 Finns using a self-constructed questionnaire prepared in Polish and English languages. The statistical analysis was performed in Micro-soft Office Excel 2010 and Statistica 12...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408097/the-role-of-identity-and-psychosomatic-symptoms-as-mediating-the-relationship-between-discrimination-and-risk-behaviors-among-first-and-second-generation-immigrant-adolescents
#13
Sophie D Walsh, Tanya Kolobov, Yair Raiz, Meyran Boniel-Nissim, Riki Tesler, Yossi Harel-Fisch
The study examines psychosomatic symptoms, and host and heritage identities as mediators of the relationship between discrimination and aggressive behavior and substance use. Israeli data from the 2013-14 Health Behaviors of School-aged Children study included a representative sample of 1503 first- and second-generation immigrant adolescents aged 11-17 years (45.2% male) from the Former Soviet Union and Ethiopia in Israel. Structural equation modeling, controlling for age, gender, family affluence and immigrant generation, showed different pathways for the two groups...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396068/significance-of-fatigue-in-patients-with-migraine
#14
Jong-Geun Seo, Sung-Pa Park
Fatigue is often stated as a headache trigger or migraine-specific symptom. We investigated predictors of fatigue and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in patients with migraine. Patients with migraine were recruited from a headache clinic and completed psychosomatic instruments, including the 12-item Allodynia Symptom Checklist (ASC-12), the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale (MIDAS), the Patients Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS), and Migraine-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MSQ)...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389735/psychological-stress-and-mitochondria-a-conceptual-framework
#15
Martin Picard, Bruce S McEwen
BACKGROUND: The integration of biological, psychological, and social factors in medicine has benefited from increasingly precise stress response biomarkers. Mitochondria, a subcellular organelle with its own genome, produce the energy required for life and generate signals that enable stress adaptation. An emerging concept proposes that mitochondria sense, integrate, and transduce psychosocial and behavioral factors into cellular and molecular modifications. Mitochondrial signaling might in turn contribute to the biological embedding of psychological states...
February 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389734/article-summaries-for-february-march-2018-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-80-issue-2
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386448/-some-attentional-points-in-the-clinical-aspects-of-trauma-care
#17
Toshiko Sawaguchi, Toshiko Kamo
Almost all patients requiring care for a combination of sexual, physiological, and psychological trauma, suffer from psychological or mental illness. Mental symptoms are well known to be associated with the violence very well and assailants have a violence dependency but it is not a well known mental disease. Changing of roles between being an assailant and being a victim is observed in half of the patients. In patients with trauma, hyperarousal and apathy appears simultaneously, and avoidance symptoms, intrusion symptoms, and crashed sleep, dissociation are also recognized...
2018: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385714/do-working-conditions-of-patients-in-psychotherapeutic-consultation-in-the-workplace-differ-from-those-in-outpatient-care-results-from-an-observational-study
#18
Amira Barrech, Reinhold Kilian, Edit Rottler, Lucia Jerg-Bretzke, Michael Hölzer, Monika Annemarie Rieger, Marc Nicolas Jarczok, Harald Gündel, Eva Rothermund
In previous studies, it was found that patients treated at a psychosomatic outpatient clinic (PSOC) for common mental disorders showed more severe symptoms than those who used a psychotherapeutic consultation service at the workplace (PSIW). This study examines whether the higher symptom severity of the PSOC patients in comparison to their PSIW counterparts is also related to higher levels of occupational stress as measured by the demand-control-support model (DCS). N = 253 participants (PSIW n = 100; PSOC n = 153) provided self-reported data on demands, decision latitude, social support, and health before consultation...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373628/effects-of-personal-protective-equipment-use-and-good-workplace-hygiene-on-symptoms-of-neurotoxicity-in-solvent-exposed-vehicle-spray-painters
#19
Sam Keer, Dave McLean, Bill Glass, Jeroen Douwes
Objectives: To assess the association between the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) and good workplace hygiene and symptoms of neurotoxicity in solvent-exposed vehicle spray painters. Methods: Exposure control measures including PPE-use and workplace hygiene practices and symptoms of neurotoxicity were assessed in 267 vehicle repair spray painters. Symptoms were assessed using an adapted version of the EUROQUEST Questionnaire. Results: Frequent respirator and glove use was inversely and significantly associated with symptoms of neurotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0...
January 25, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370954/how-to-disentangle-psychobiological-stress-reactivity-and-recovery-a-comparison-of-model-based-and-non-compartmental-analyses-of-cortisol-concentrations
#20
Robert Miller, Jan-Georg Wojtyniak, Lisa J Weckesser, Nina C Alexander, Veronika Engert, Thorsten Lehr
This article seeks to address the prevailing issue of how to measure specific process components of psychobiological stress responses. Particularly the change of cortisol secretion due to stress exposure has been discussed as an endophenotype of many psychosomatic health outcomes. To assess its process components, a large variety of non-compartmental parameters (i.e., composite measures of substance concentrations at different points in time) like the area under the concentration-time curve (AUC) are commonly utilized...
December 29, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
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