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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664808/trends-in-pharmacological-emergency-treatment-of-patients-suffering-from-schizophrenia-over-a-16-year-observation-period
#1
Monika Edlinger, Anna-Sophia Welte, Nursen Yalcin-Siedentopf, Georg Kemmler, Felix Neymeyer, W Wolfgang Fleischhacker, Alex Hofer
Patients suffering from schizophrenia are often treated in locked psychiatric units because of psychomotor agitation, hostility and aggressive behavior, or suicidality. Because of legal conditions, investigations on these acutely ill patients are difficult, and many studies do not represent 'real-life psychiatry'. This retrospective survey was conducted at the Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics of the Medical University, Innsbruck, Austria. Data were collected from the records of all adult inpatients suffering from a schizophrenia spectrum disorder according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th ed...
April 16, 2018: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664670/psychosomatic-disorders-a-clinical-perspective-and-proposed-classification-system
#2
Karishma M Desai, Alka D Kale, Pushpak U Shah, Shivendra Rana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653200/a-67-item-stress-resilience-item-bank-showing-high-content-validity-was-developed-in-a-psychosomatic-sample
#3
Nina Obbarius, Felix Fischer, Alexander Obbarius, Sandra Nolte, Gregor Liegl, Matthias Rose
OBJECTIVES: To develop the first item bank to measure Stress Resilience (SR) in clinical populations. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: Qualitative item development resulted in an initial pool of 131 items covering a broad theoretical SR concept. These items were tested in n=521 patients at a psychosomatic outpatient clinic. Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA), as well as other state-of-the-art item analyses and IRT were used for item evaluation and calibration of the final item bank...
April 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621822/-web-based-field-studies-on-diagnostic-classification-and-code-assignment-of-mental-disorders-comparison-of-icd-11-and-icd-10
#4
Wolfgang Gaebel, Mathias Riesbeck, Jürgen Zielasek, Ariane Kerst, Eva Meisenzahl-Lechner, Volker Köllner, Matthias Rose, Tobias Hofmann, Ingo Schäfer, Annett Lotzin, Peer Briken, Verena Klein, Franziska Brunner, Jared W Keeley, Tahilia J Rebello, Howard F Andrews, Geoffrey M Reed, Nenad F I Kostanjsek, Alkomiet Hasan, Pamina Russek, Peter Falkai
The German Society for Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy (DGPPN,) conducted a comprehensive field study (principal investigator WG) funded by the German Federal Ministry of Health in cooperation with 4 other German medical societies in the field of mental health (DGPM, DGPPR, DeGFS, DGfS) * to support WHO's development of the ICD-11 (Chapters 6 and 17). The objective of the web-based field study was to compare ICD-10 and ICD-11 (beta draft) for selected mental disorders, regarding consistency, accuracy and assessment of utility...
March 2018: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619534/-unmet-needs-of-family-dementia-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-primary-medical-care
#5
REVIEW
I Zwingmann, W Hoffmann, B Michalowsky, D Wucherer, T Eichler, S Teipel, A Dreier-Wolfgramm, I Kilimann, J R Thyrian
BACKGROUND: Results of current research studies revealed that providing informal care for people with dementia (PwD) is associated with caregivers' burden and a variety of health impairments. In order to provide optimal support for family caregivers of PwD, general practitioners and specialists should be able to identify caregivers' unmet needs in primary care. OBJECTIVES: The present article provides an overview of unmet needs of family caregivers that are relevant for general practitioners as well as specialists in neurology, psychiatry, psychotherapy and psychosomatics...
April 4, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618626/demoralization-in-parkinson-disease
#6
Brian B Koo, Christopher A Chow, Divya R Shah, Farhan H Khan, Brittani Steinberg, Danielle Derlein, Keerthana Nalamada, Kiran Sai Para, Vikramjeet M Kakade, Amar S Patel, John M de Figueiredo, Elan D Louis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated features of demoralization in Parkinson disease (PD). METHODS: Participants with PD and controls were prospectively recruited from outpatient movement disorder clinics and the community. Demoralization was defined as scoring positively on the Diagnostic Criteria for Psychosomatic Research, Demoralization questionnaire or Kissane Demoralization Scale score ≥24. Depression was defined as Patient Health Questionnaire-9 score ≥10...
April 4, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616284/-urology-and-alternative-medicine-1900-1970
#7
REVIEW
F G Mildenberger
Disorders of the lower abdomen were often associated with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or related conditions. The urological diagnostic workup and treatment was based on the idea that technical devices and objective scientific examination methods would lead to targeted success. The fact that illnesses such as urinary retention, urinary incontinence, urge incontinence, orchitis or urethritis often implicated psychosomatic complications and had a possibly far more important impact on sexual life did not play a role in the early years of urology...
April 3, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613836/il-17-induces-cellular-stress-microenvironment-of-melanocytes-to-promote-autophagic-cell-apoptosis-in-vitiligo
#8
Jia Zhou, Xiaohong An, Jinjin Dong, Yichuan Wang, Hui Zhong, Lanlan Duan, Jingjing Ling, Fengfeng Ping, Jing Shang
Vitiligo is a depigmentary disorder that develops as a result of the progressive disappearance of epidermal melanocytes. Stress can precipitate or exacerbate a skin disease through psychosomatic mechanisms. Stress exposure induces vitiligo-like symptoms in mice, as cellular damage to melanocytes cause synthetic pigment loss. Stress also increases IL-17, IL-1β, and antimelanocyte IgG in model mice serum. Up-regulation of the IL-1β transcript in patients suggests its possible role in autoimmune pathogenesis of vitiligo...
April 3, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609600/screening-for-caregivers-at-risk-extended-validation-of-the-short-version-of-the-burden-scale-for-family-caregivers-bsfc-s-with-a-valid-classification-system-for-caregivers-caring-for-an-older-person-at-home
#9
Anna Pendergrass, Cintia Malnis, Uta Graf, Sabine Engel, Elmar Graessel
BACKGROUND: Informal caregivers' (CGs') subjective burden is an important aspect of the care situation because it is linked to various outcomes such as health, mortality risk, institutionalization, and caregiving style. The aims of this study were a) to examine the convergent and discriminant validity of the 10-item short version of the Burden Scale for Family Caregivers (BSFC-s) and b) to develop a valid classification system for interpreting BSFC-s scores. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed data obtained from 386 informal CGs who applied for an initial grade or upgrade of the care level for the care recipient at the Medical Service of Compulsory Health Insurance Funds of Bavaria (Germany)...
April 2, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603590/potential-effects-of-multimodal-psychosomatic-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-functional-vertigo-and-dizziness-symptoms-a-pilot-trial
#10
Karina Limburg, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Heribert Sattel, Andreas Dinkel, Katharina Radziej, Melanie Gonzales, Joram Ronel, Claas Lahmann
OBJECTIVES: Functional vertigo and dizziness (VD) are frequent and severely distressing complaints that are often described as hard to treat. Our aim was to provide preliminary data on potential effects of multimodal psychosomatic inpatient therapy for patients with functional VD symptoms in reducing vertigo-related handicap and related psychopathology, and to evaluate the role of symptom burden and body-related locus of control in predicting vertigo-related handicap at follow-up. DESIGN: We conducted an uncontrolled clinical pilot trial...
March 30, 2018: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602411/high-proportion-of-patients-referred-to-a-psychosomatic-dental-clinic-owing-to-atypical-odontalgia-had-psychiatric-comorbidities-but-these-seemed-to-not-be-associated-with-pain-levels
#11
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601445/article-summaries-for-april-2018-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-80-issue-3
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596869/retraining-of-automatic-action-tendencies-in-individuals-with-obesity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Hannah Ferentzi, Hannah Scheibner, Reinout Wiers, Eni S Becker, Johannes Lindenmeyer, Sylvia Beisel, Mike Rinck
Obesity is a major health concern, characterized by an automatically activated tendency to (over)-eat. Recent research suggests that an effective way to counteract automatic approach tendencies in unhealthy consumption behavior might be approach bias modification. Therefore, we investigated an approach-avoidance training for unhealthy food cues in 189 patients with obesity of a psychosomatic inpatient clinic who were participating in a nutrition advice program. Patients in the active training group were trained to make avoidance movements (pushing a joystick) in response to unhealthy food pictures and approach movements (pulling the joystick) in response to positive pictures, while the control group received sham training (approaching and avoiding both picture types)...
March 26, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580906/post-traumatic-psychiatric-disorders-ptsd-is-not-the-only-diagnosis
#14
Yann Auxéméry
Traumatic events and their consequences are often hidden or minimised by patients for reasons linked to the post-traumatic stress disorder itself (inexpressibility, shame, depressive thoughts, fear of stigmatisation, etc.). Although post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) remains the most widely known disorder, chronic post-traumatic psychiatric disorders are many and varied. After a trauma, the practitioner has to check for the different clinical forms of post-traumatic psychological consequences: PTSD is not the only diagnosis...
March 23, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580705/-consultation-liaison-addiction-medicine-tools-and-specificities
#15
P Poloméni, G Cleirec, C Icard, A Ramos, B Rolland
Since the 1970s, the concept of "consultation/liaison (CL) psychiatry" has pertained to specialized mobile teams which meet inpatients hospitalized in non-psychiatric settings to offer them on-the-spot psychiatric assessment, treatment, and, if needed, adequate referral. Since the birth of CL psychiatry, a long set of theoretical books and articles has aimed at integrating CL psychiatry into the wider scope of psychosomatic medicine. In the year 2000, a circular issued by the Health Ministry defined the organization of "CL addiction services" in France...
March 23, 2018: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568995/-chronic-prurigo
#16
M P Pereira, T Nau, C Zeidler, S Ständer
Chronic prurigo is a disease characterized by the presence of chronic pruritus and singular or multiple usually hyperkeratotic symmetrically distributed itchy papules, nodules, and/or plaques. This condition is difficult to treat and leads to a substantial impairment of the quality of life. It may originate from dermatological, systemic, neurological, psychiatric/psychosomatic, multifactorial or unknown conditions causing itch, which lead to prolonged scratching behavior and sensitization mechanisms and ultimately to the development of pruriginous lesions...
March 22, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568790/treatment-changes-in-general-practice-patients-with-chronic-mental-disorders-following-a-psychiatric-psychosomatic-consultation
#17
Michael Linden, Beate Muschalla, Nils Noack, Christoph Heintze, Susanne Doepfmer
Objective: To determine whether a psychiatric-psychosomatic consultation can identify unmet treatment needs and improve treatment of patients with mental disorders in general practice. Methods: In 40 primary care practices, 307 consecutive primary patients who met criteria for chronic mental disorders were assessed by a psychiatric-psychosomatic consultant. After random assignment, general practitioners (GPs) were informed for half of the patients about the results of the assessment and received recommendations on how to improve treatment...
January 2018: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568711/validation-and-application-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-perceived-stress-questionnaire-c-psq-in-nursing-students
#18
Yi Luo, Boxiong Gong, Runtang Meng, Xiaoping Cao, Shuang Tang, Hongzhi Fang, Xing Zhao, Bing Liu
Objective: To translate the Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ) into Chinese, validate its reliability and validity in nursing students and investigate the perceived stress level of nursing students. Method: Forward- and back-translation combined with expert assessment and cross-cultural adaptations were used to construct the Chinese version of the PSQ (C-PSQ). This research adopted a stratified sampling method among 1,519 nursing students in 30 classes of Ningbo College of Health Sciences to assess the reliability and validity of the C-PSQ...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563965/avoiding-diagnostic-errors-in-psychosomatic-medicine-a-case-series-study
#19
Atsuko Koyama, Yoichi Ohtake, Kanae Yasuda, Kiyohiro Sakai, Ryo Sakamoto, Hiromichi Matsuoka, Hirokuni Okumi, Toshiko Yasuda
Background: Non-organic lesions or diseases of unknown origin are sometimes misdiagnosed as "psychogenic" disorders or "psychosomatic" diseases. For the quality of life and safety of patients, recent attention has focused on diagnostic error. The aim of this study was to clarify the factors that affected misdiagnoses in psychosomatic medicine by examining typical cases and to explore strategies that reduce diagnostic errors. Case presentation: The study period was from January 2001 to August 2017...
2018: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551152/-intimate-partner-violence-suffering-for-the-child-a-challenge-for-parenthood
#20
Karen Sadlier
Intrafamily violence has a significant impact on the child's neurobiological, psychological and social development. While psychosomatic and psychotraumatic suffering is frequent, parenthood is also impacted, caught up in this context of violence. The support provided to the children and the couple must respond to specific practices.
March 2018: Soins. Psychiatrie
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