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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#1
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091795/mood-spectrum-disorders-and-perception-of-pain
#2
Antonella Ciaramella
: Evaluation of pain perception in chronic pain patients with a concomitant mood-spectrum disorder. DESIGN: The observational retrospective study is based on patient data collected in psychosomatic consultations held at the Gift Institute for Integrative Medicine in Pisa, Italy, from 2002 to 2014. Evoked pain stimulus threshold and tolerance were evaluated using the cold pressor test. Clinical pain intensity and Sensorial, Affective, and Evaluative dimensions were assessed using the Italian Pain Questionnaire, and Anxiety and Depressive symptoms using the Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale...
January 14, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062472/is-having-a-family-member-with-chronic-health-concerns-bad-for-young-people-s-health-cross-sectional-evidence-from-a-national-survey-of-young-australians
#3
Anna K Moffat, Gerry Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Young people's perspectives on the association between having a family member with a chronic health concern (FHC) and their own health are under-researched. This study used young people's reports to assess the prevalence of FHCs and their association with negative health outcomes, with an aim of identifying potential inequalities between marginalised and non-marginalised young people. Family cohesion was examined as a moderating factor. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data from the Australian Child Wellbeing Project survey were used...
January 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056066/what-do-patients-think-about-the-cause-of-their-mental-disorder-a-qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-causal-beliefs-of-mental-disorder-in-inpatients-in-psychosomatic-rehabilitation
#4
Julia Luise Magaard, Holger Schulz, Anna Levke Brütt
BACKGROUND: Patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorders are important for treatment because they affect illness-related behaviours. However, there are few studies exploring patients' causal beliefs about their mental disorder. OBJECTIVES: (a) To qualitatively explore patients' causal beliefs of their mental disorder, (b) to explore frequencies of patients stating causal beliefs, and (c) to investigate differences of causal beliefs according to patients' primary diagnoses...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041006/bariatric-surgery-and-psychiatric-care
#5
Sanjeev Sockalingam, Weronika Micula-Gondek, Wynne Lundblad, Alexis M Fertig, Raed Hawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027557/pathological-personality-development-after-the-chornobyl-disaster-and-the-anti-terrorist-operation
#6
K M Loganovsky, M V Gresko
: Objective of the study was to determine pathological changes of the personality of the clean up workers (liquida tors) of the Chornobyl accident and the participants in the anti terrorist operation (ATO) in Eastern Ukraine and radiation threat perception assessment.Design, object and methods. The cross sectional and retrospective assessments of the clean up workers of the Chornobyl accident (n = 185), evacuees from the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone (n = 112) from the randomized sample of individuals who are registered in the Clinical and epidemiological registry (CER) of the State Institution «National Research Center for Radiation Medicine of National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine» [NRCRM] and partici pants of the ATO in Eastern Ukraine (n = 62) who underwent treatment and rehabilitation in the Department of Radiation Psychoneurology of the NRCRM Clinic have been done...
December 2016: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018249/interoceptive-processes-in-anorexia-nervosa-in-the-time-course-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-a-pilot-study
#7
Dana Fischer, Götz Berberich, Michael Zaudig, Till Krauseneck, Sarah Weiss, Olga Pollatos
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies report reduced interoceptive abilities in anorexia nervosa (AN) using various methods. Recent research suggests that different levels of interoceptive processes aiming at different subdomains of interoceptive abilities must be further distinguished as these levels can be differentially affected. Two important levels refer to interoceptive accuracy (IA) derived from objective performance tasks such as the heartbeat detection task and interoceptive sensibility (IS) as assessed by self-report...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011445/drivers-and-barriers-to-acceptance-of-web-based-aftercare-of-patients-in-inpatient-routine-care-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Severin Hennemann, Manfred E Beutel, Rüdiger Zwerenz
BACKGROUND: Web-based aftercare can help to stabilize treatment effects and support transition after inpatient treatment, yet uptake by patients seems limited in routine care and little is known about the mechanisms of adoption and implementation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to (1) determine acceptance of Web-based aftercare and (2) explore its drivers and barriers in different subgroups of a mixed inpatient sample. METHOD: In a cross-sectional design, 38...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009796/psychosomatic-medicine-reviewers-in-2016-bold-type-indicates-reviewers-who-completed-3-or-more-reviews
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009795/article-summaries-for-january-2017-psychosomatic-medicine-volume-79-issue-1
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003385/evidence-for-greater-forensic-education-of-all-psychiatry-residents
#11
Howard L Forman, David W Preven
Booth and his colleagues have made an important contribution to the emerging evidence base that shows education in forensic psychiatry topics can improve attitudes toward the field. Given the desinstitutionalization of those with severe mental illness from state psychiatric facilities and the incarceration of many individuals with severe mental illness in correctional facilities, the need to train many more psychiatrists with competence in correctional settings is clear. Simply training more forensic psychiatrists will not both meet the psychiatric needs of incarcerated patients and fulfill the essential roles forensic psychiatrists play in the justice system...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999614/history-concepts-and-aims-of-internationally-active-societies-in-psychosomatic-and-behavioural-medicine
#12
EDITORIAL
Hans-Christian Deter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989331/juvenile-fibromyalgia-a-primary-pain-or-pain-processing-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Lawrence Zemel, Peter R Blier
Juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM), a chronic disorder of widespread musculoskeletal pain in combination with autonomic, sensory, and cognitive dysfunction, is responsible for considerable morbidity and impaired quality of life in affected patients and their families. Historically, fibromyalgia has been incorrectly characterized as a psychosomatic or psychogenic disorder, but new understanding of the science of pain has demonstrated unambiguously that it is an organic disorder of the pain processing system itself...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986310/early-life-income-inequality-and-adolescent-health-and-well-being
#14
Frank J Elgar, Geneviève Gariépy, Torbjørn Torsheim, Candace Currie
A prevailing hypothesis about the association between income inequality and poor health is that inequality intensifies social hierarchies, increases stress, erodes social and material resources that support health, and subsequently harms health. However, the evidence in support of this hypothesis is limited by cross-sectional, ecological studies and a scarcity of developmental studies. To address this limitation, we used pooled, multilevel data from the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study to examine lagged, cumulative, and trajectory associations between early-life income inequality and adolescent health and well-being...
October 17, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981522/increased-experience-amplifies-the-activation-of-task-irrelevant-category-representations
#15
Rachel Wu, Zoe Pruitt, Benjamin D Zinszer, Olivia S Cheung
Prior research has demonstrated the benefits (i.e., task-relevant attentional selection) and costs (i.e., task-irrelevant attentional capture) of prior knowledge on search for an individual target or multiple targets from a category. This study investigated whether the level of experience with particular categories predicts the degree of task-relevant and task-irrelevant activation of item and category representations. Adults with varying levels of dieting experience (measured via 3 subscales of Disinhibition, Restraint, Hunger; Stunkard & Messick, Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 29(1), 71-83, 1985) searched for targets defined as either a specific food item (e...
December 15, 2016: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981375/-coercive-measures-in-german-hospitals-for-psychiatry-and-psychotherapy-a%C3%A2-pilot-study-by-the-dgppn-to-evaluate-a%C3%A2-uniform-assessment-instrument
#16
K Adorjan, T Steinert, E Flammer, A Deister, M Koller, M Zinkler, S C Herpertz, S Häfner, F Hohl-Radke, K H Beine, P Falkai, G Gerlinger, O Pogarell, T Pollmächer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: A simple instrument to record case-related coercive measures was tested as part of a pilot project of the German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN). METHODS: To assess coercive measures data were collected for 3 months in 8 German hospitals for psychiatry and psychotherapy. The type of measures used, the main diagnosis and the legal basis for the coercive measures were documented. RESULTS: In the sample studied, coercive measures were applied in 8% of cases...
December 15, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981374/-on-the-legalization-debate-of-non-medical-cannabis-consumption-position-paper-of-the-german-association-for-psychiatry-psychotherapy-and-psychosomatics
#17
U Havemann-Reinecke, E Hoch, U W Preuss, F Kiefer, A Batra, G Gerlinger, I Hauth
Calls are increasing for the legalization of cannabis. Some legal experts, various politicians, political parties and associations are demanding a change in drug policy. The legalization debate is lively and receiving wide coverage in the media. The German Association for Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics (DGPPN) comments on the most important questions from a medical scientific perspective: can cannabis consumption trigger mental illnesses, what consequences would legalization have for the healthcare system and where is more research needed?...
December 15, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977263/award-for-distinguished-career-contributions-to-education-and-training-in-psychology-roger-p-greenberg
#18
(no author information available yet)
The Award for Distinguished Career Contributions to Education and Training in Psychology is given in recognition of the efforts of psychologists who have made distinguished contributions to education and training, who have produced imaginative innovations, or who have been involved in the developmental phases of programs in education and training in psychology. The Career designation is added to the award at the discretion of the Education and Training Awards Committee to recognize continuous significant contributions made over a lifelong career in psychology...
November 2016: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957531/noradrenaline-from-locus-coeruleus-neurons-acts-on-pedunculo-pontine-neurons-to-prevent-rem-sleep-and-induces-its-loss-associated-effects-in-rats
#19
Mudasir Ahmad Khanday, Bindu I Somarajan, Rachna Mehta, Birendra Nath Mallick
Normally, rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) does not appear during waking or non-REMS. Isolated, independent studies showed that elevated noradrenaline (NA) levels inhibit REMS and induce REMS loss-associated cytomolecular, cytomorphological, psychosomatic changes and associated symptoms. However, the source of NA and its target in the brain for REMS regulation and function in health and diseases remained to be confirmed in vivo. Using tyrosine hydroxylase (TH)-siRNA and virus-coated TH-shRNA in normal freely moving rats, we downregulated NA synthesis in locus coeruleus (LC) REM-OFF neurons in vivo...
November 2016: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27955640/adolescent-s-subjective-perceptions-of-chronic-disease-and-related-psychosocial-factors-highlights-from-an-outpatient-context-study
#20
Teresa Santos, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Adilson Marques, Celeste Simões, Isabel Leal, Maria do Céu Machado
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with chronic disease (CD) can be more vulnerable to adverse psychosocial outcomes. This study aims: 1) to identify differences in psychosocial variables (health-related quality of life, psychosomatic complaints, resilience, self-regulation and social support) among adolescents who feel that CD affects or does not affect school/peers connectedness (measured by self-reported participation in school and social activities); and 2) to assess the extent to which psychosocial variables are associated with connectedness in school and peer domains...
December 12, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
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