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Anesthesia pain treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046771/a-comparison-of-palonosetron-and-dexamethasone-for-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-orthopedic-patients-receiving-patient-controlled-epidural-analgesia
#1
Byung-Gun Kim, Hyunzu Kim, Hyun-Kyoung Lim, Chunwoo Yang, Sora Oh, Byung-Wook Lee
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is one of the major concerns after anesthesia and surgery, and it may be more frequent in orthopedic patients receiving patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA). The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of palonosetron and dexamethasone on the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty and receiving PCEA. METHODS: Patients scheduled for total hip or knee arthroplasty under spinal anesthesia/PCEA were randomly allocated to receive either intravenous palonosetron (0...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043507/extraction-of-mandibular-premolars-and-molars-comparison-between-local-infiltration-via-pressure-syringe-and-inferior-alveolar-nerve-block-anesthesia
#2
Daniel G E Thiem, Florian Schnaith, Caroline M E Van Aken, Anne Köntges, Vinay V Kumar, Bilal Al-Nawas, Peer W Kämmerer
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficiency of local infiltration anesthesia administered with a pressure syringe (P-INF) via a special technique versus direct block anesthesia of the inferior alveolar nerve (IANB) for tooth extraction in the posterior mandible. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective randomized study, 101 teeth in 101 patients were extracted in the posterior mandible under local anesthesia whereby two different administration techniques were used (P-INF n = 48; IANB n = 53)...
October 17, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039154/severe-headache-following-ozone-therapy-pneumocephalus
#3
Hüseyin Toman, Uğur Özdemir, Hasan Ali Kiraz, Nurettin Lüleci
Pneumocephalus is defined as air in the cranial cavity. Pneumocephalus can result from inadvertent dural puncture during lumbar epidural anesthesia or epidural steroid injection. Presently described is case of 41-year-old woman who had undergone lumbar disc hernia operation but due to ongoing complaints, was diagnosed as having failed back surgery syndrome. Percutaneous epidural neuroplasty was performed. In the operating room, under sterile conditions and under sedoanalgesia, Racz catheter was inserted in caudal area and guided to epidural area with scope...
July 2017: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037350/prospective-study-of-safety-and-effectiveness-in-the-use-of-radiofrequency-ablation-for-incompetent-great-saphenous-vein-%C3%A2-12%C3%A2-mm
#4
Maday Cabrero Fernandez, Isaac Martinez Lopez, Manuela Maria Hernandez Mateo, Pablo Marques de Marino, Iñaki Cernuda Artero, Francisco Javier Serrano Hernando
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the outcomes of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in incompetent great saphenous vein (GSV) according to its diameter. METHODS: This was a prospective single-center study including all patients treated with RFA from September 2014 to December 2015. The sample was divided according to the maximum GSV diameter measured on duplex ultrasound scan (A, <12 mm; B, ≥12 mm). Second-generation catheters (ClosureFast; Covidien, Mansfield, Mass) and tumescent anesthesia were used...
November 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034255/perioperative-management-of-elderly-patients-with-gastrointestinal-malignancies-the-contribution-of-anesthesia
#5
REVIEW
Rudolf Mörgeli, Kathrin Scholtz, Johannes Kurth, Sascha Treskatsch, Bruno Neuner, Susanne Koch, Lutz Kaufner, Claudia Spies
INTRODUCTION: Elderly patients suffering from gastrointestinal malignancies are particularly prone to perioperative complications. Elderly patients often present with reduced physiological reserves, and comorbidities can limit treatment options and promote complications. Surgeons and anesthesiologists must be aware of strategies required to deal with this vulnerable subgroup. METHODS: We provide a brief review of current and emerging perioperative strategies for the treatment of elderly patients with gastrointestinal malignancies and frequent comorbidities...
August 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033046/eschar-removal-by-bromelain-based-enzymatic-debridement-nexobrid-%C3%A2-in-burns-an-european-consensus
#6
Christoph Hirche, Antonella Citterio, Henk Hoeksema, Ján Koller, Martina Lehner, José Ramón Martinez, Stan Monstrey, Alexandra Murray, Jan A Plock, Frank Sander, Alexandra Schulz, Benjamin Ziegler, Ulrich Kneser
Early debridement and/or eschar removal is regarded as a significant step in the treatment of deep partial and full thickness burns. It aims to control wound bioburden and allows early wound closure by conservative treatment or skin grafting. Preservation of viable dermis accompanied by early wound closure, is regarded as a necessary step to reduce scar related complication, e.g. functional limitations and/or unaesthetic scar formation. Aside from the classical techniques of surgical excision as tangential excision for eschar removal, hydro-surgery, maggot therapy, laser, enzymatic debridement have been described as additional techniques in the burn surgeon's armamentarium...
October 12, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020962/manipulation-under-anesthesia-versus-physiotherapy-treatment-in-stage-two-of-a-frozen-shoulder-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Tim Kraal, Bertram The, Ronald Boer, M P van den Borne, Koen Koenraadt, Pjotr Goossens, Denise Eygendaal
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus about the optimal treatment strategy for frozen shoulders (FS). Conservative treatment consisting of intra-articular corticosteroid infiltrations and physiotherapy are considered appropriate for most patients. However, with a conservative strategy, patients experience a prolonged rehabilitation period with a considerable amount of pain and disabilities in daily life. Also, at long term, a residual amount of pain and restriction of range of motion is frequently reported...
October 11, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016544/investigation-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-topical-vibration-anesthesia-to-reduce-pain-from-cosmetic-botulinum-toxin-a-injections-in-chinese-patients-a-multicenter-randomized-self-controlled-study
#8
Yiming Li, Weiwei Dong, Min Wang, Ning Xu
BACKGROUND: Vibration has been proved to be effective to reduce pain during facial cosmetic injections, but it has not been studied in Chinese patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of vibration for pain reduction associated with cosmetic botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) injections in Chinese patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, split-face and right-left, self-controlled study, 53 patients received BTX-A injections for rhytid reduction, lower face, shoulder, and leg reshaping...
October 6, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990960/anesthesia-simulator-based-functional-capacity-evaluation-of-an-anesthesiologist-after-radial-fracture-a-case-report
#9
Ceferina Suarez, Jesús Maxide, Demian Szyld, Jose M Maestre
We used simulation as a job-specific functional capacity evaluation method after a distal radius fracture in an anesthesiologist. Treatment included open reduction followed by an internal fixation with an arthrodesis plate. The patient performed simulated anesthesia inductions to assess her response to endotracheal intubation, bag-mask ventilation, and the manual opening of the airway. Data collected helped to guide the rehabilitation protocol, and to assess pain and the time to safely return to work. The patient began her clinical duties after 7 weeks of therapy and was able to fully perform her daily tasks with confidence, and full functional capacity...
October 5, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978899/subarachnoid-block-induced-deafferentation-pain-successfully-treated-with-pentazocine
#10
Hiroaki Kishikawa, Zen'ichiro Wajima, Toshiro Shitara, Toru Shimizu, Hitoshi Adachi, Atsuhiro Sakamoto
Deafferentation pain induced by subarachnoid block (SAB) is rare, but it can appear in the form of recurrent phantom lower limb pain, new acute-onset stump pain in amputees, lower limb pain in patients with tabes dorsalis, and neuropathic pain. We have previously reported that thiopental is an effective treatment for deafferentation pain induced by therapeutic SAB applied to treat neuropathic pain of central origin. Here, we report the case of an amputee who developed new stump pain in his lower limb immediately after subarachnoid tetracaine was administered prior to appendectomy...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975434/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-hifu-treatment-for-uterine-fibroids-a-meta-analysis
#11
Yongshuo Ji, Kaimeng Hu, Yu Zhang, Lijun Gu, Junqiu Zhu, Linglin Zhu, Yanfei Zhu, Hong Zhao
PURPOSE: High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) is a non-invasive uterine-preserving treatment alternative to hysterectomy for women with fibroids. METHODS: We performed this meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of HIFU in the treatment of women with symptomatic fibroids comparing it to other approaches including medical treatment with mifepristone (Mife), traditional surgery with myomectomy or hysterectomy (MYC/HRM), and radiofrequency ablation (RF). 16 studies with 1725 women were included...
October 3, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975378/percutaneous-ultrasound-guided-cryoablation-for-symptomatic-plantar-fibromas
#12
Muneeb Ahmed, Jeffrey L Weinstein, Jawad Hussain, Ammar Sarwar, Megan Anderson, Brian Dillon
PURPOSE: Here, we report our experience in treating painful plantar fibromas with percutaneous cryoablation. METHODS: We retrospectively identified patients with symptomatic plantar fibromas who underwent percutaneous ultrasound-guided cryoablation between June 2014 and June 2015. In total, four patients (two male, two female) with five plantar fibromas undergoing a total of seven ablation procedures were identified. Each procedure was performed under general anesthesia using a single freeze-thaw cycle...
October 3, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974291/pain-during-venous-cannulation
#13
Dirk Rüsch, Tilo Koch, Markus Spies, Leopold Hj Eberhart
BACKGROUND: The pain of venous puncture for the cannulation of peripheral veins is disturbing to many patients. This is the first clinical trial of the efficacy of local anesthesia in comparison to placebo (no pretreatment) in a control group, as a function of the size of the cannula. METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial of fully factorial design was performed to study pain during venipuncture after local anesthesia either with intra - dermally injected lidocaine or with a vapocoolant spray, in comparison to placebo...
September 15, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971169/evaluation-of-analgesic-regimens-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-retrospective-study
#14
Serkan Tulgar, Onur Selvi, Ozgur Senturk, Talat Ercan Serifsoy, Selim Sanel, Sertac Meydaneri
OBJECTIVE: Analgesic therapies have an immense role in early rehabilitation period after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and multimodal approaches should be considered as the first choice of treatment. In this retrospective study, the aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of multimodal analgesic therapies for TKA, including femoral nerve block (FNB) and patient controlled analgesia (PCA). METHODS: The data of 79 patients who underwent TKA between January and December 2016 were retrospectively evaluated...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969499/initial-outcomes-of-cyanoacrylate-closure-venaseal-system-for-the-treatment-of-the-incompetent-great-and-small-saphenous-veins
#15
Insoo Park
PURPOSE: Cyanoacrylate closure of the saphenous vein with the VenaSeal system is a new technique just approved on December 2016 in Korea. Therefore, there are seldom reports about postprocedural outcomes of VenaSeal system in Asian countries. We report the initial outcomes of VenaSeal system for the treatment of great saphenous veins (GSVs) and small saphenous veins (SSVs) as a first report in Korea. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with incompetent saphenous veins (47 GSVs and 16 SSVs) were treated at a single session...
January 1, 2017: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968538/local-infiltration-of-the-surgical-wound-with-levobupivacaine-ibuprofen-and-epinephrine-in-postoperative-pain-an-experimental-study
#16
Prashant S Korat, Pankaj P Kapupara
The body areas from where sutures are removed later, where wound healing is delayed. Epidural analgesia is the most effective method but could not be used for postoperative pain. Peripheral nerve blockers also provided excellent analgesia but are not effective in postoperative pain. Infiltration of the surgical wound with local anesthetics is decreased postoperative pain by inhibiting transmission of noxious impulses at the site. The objective of the study was to explore the effect of the local infiltration of the surgical wounds with low-dose of levobupivacaine, ibuprofen, and epinephrine over the sutured muscle wound in postoperative pain...
September 29, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964282/adherence-to-swedish-guidelines-for-pain-treatment-in-relation-to-pediatric-tonsil-surgery-a-survey-of-the-multidisciplinary-team
#17
F Alm, M Jaensson, S Lundeberg, E Ericsson
BACKGROUND: Pain management in children after tonsil surgery is essential, and optimal pain treatment has been discussed for many years. Data from the National Tonsil Register in Sweden (NTRS) and a national mapping have demonstrated the need for national pain treatment guidelines for pediatric tonsil surgery. As a result, Swedish national guidelines, together with updated patient information on the website tonsilloperation.se, were developed and implemented in 2013. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the professionals' opinions of and adherence to pain treatment guidelines for pediatric tonsil surgery patients in a two-year follow-up...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955586/reconstruction-of-atrophic-maxilla-by-anterior-iliac-crest-bone-grafting-via-neuroaxial-blockade-technique-a-case-report
#18
Erol Cansiz, Tolga A Sitilci, Aysenur Uzun, Sabri Cemil Isler
Anterior iliac crest bone grafting is a well-established modality in the treatment of alveolar bone deficiencies. However, this procedure may also have considerable postoperative morbidity which is mostly related to general anesthesia. Postoperative pain-related complications can be managed by neuroaxial blockade techniques which provide adequate surgical analgesia and reduce postoperative pain. This clinical report describes the reconstruction of a severely atrophic maxilla with anterior iliac crest bone grafting using combined spinal epidural anesthesia...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953489/effects-of-ketamine-on-pupillary-reflex-dilation-a-case-report
#19
Sérgio Vide, Catarina M Costa, Pedro L Gambus, Pedro P Amorim
Ketamine is an important component of multimodal treatment and a commonly used anesthetic drug. However, its analgesic effects have not been fully assessed intraoperatively because of difficulties in measuring this effect. In this case report, a woman underwent general anesthesia with ketamine and its pupillary reflexes were measured to detect autonomic changes in response to pain. With increasing doses of ketamine, the pupillary light reflex and the pupillary dilation response decreased. This could be caused by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonism in the pupillary reflexes pathway or by the analgesic effects of ketamine...
September 26, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938784/immunocastration-as-an-alternative-to-caponization-evaluation-of-its-effect-on-body-and-bone-development-and-on-meat-color-and-composition
#20
M A G Quaresma, I C Antunes, M F Ribeiro, S Prazeres, R J B Bessa, P Martins da Costa
Caponization is associated with some morbidity and mortality, which contributes to important economic losses. This practice is executed without any pain relief (neither anesthesia nor analgesia) and can be painful and without consideration of animal welfare. On the other hand, immunocastration accomplished by Improvac and Bovipriva in pigs and cattle represents a noninvasive procedure, and for that reason is regarded as an alternative with improved animal welfare. This study includes 4 experimental groups consisting of capons, slips, roosters, and birds submitted to the Improvac treatment...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
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