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Anesthesia pain treatment

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202302/short-term-outcomes-of-patients-being-treated-for-chronic-intractable-pain-at-a-liaison-clinic-and-exacerbating-factors-of-prolonged-pain-after-treatment
#1
Tomoko Tetsunaga, Tomonori Tetsunaga, Keiichiro Nishida, Masato Tanaka, Yoshihisa Sugimoto, Tomoyuki Takigawa, Toshifumi Ozaki
BACKGROUND: Although a multidisciplinary approach is often recommended to treat intractable pain, this approach does not completely prevent uncontrolled pain in some patients. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the exacerbating factors of prolonged, intractable pain among patients being treated at a pain liaison clinic. METHODS: The participants of this study were 94 outpatients (32 men, 62 women) with chronic intractable pain who visited our hospital between April 2013 and February 2015...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195861/perioperative-management-of-a-patient-with-an-intrathecal-drug-delivery-device-infusing-ziconotide-a-case-report
#2
Sephalie Patel, Osama Hafez, Wade J Sexton, David A Edwards
Intrathecal ziconotide is used for the treatment of chronic pain and is delivered by an implanted drug delivery device. Anesthesiologists should be familiar with the perioperative management of the pump as well as the potential adverse events related to continued ziconotide infusion during general anesthesia. A case is presented demonstrating the perioperative management of an intrathecal drug delivery device infusing ziconotide in a patient presenting for radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy and ileal conduit diversion...
February 15, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195255/evaluation-of-vestibular-biopsy-features-in-patients-affected-by-fibromyalgia-by-vulvodynia-or-by-their-association
#3
A Ghizzani, G Tinacci
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histologic features of vestibular biopsies from patients affected by fibro myalgia (FM), or vulvodynia (VD), or the their association (FM-VD) in order to facilitate differential diagnosis among conditions that present sexual pain with similar clinical characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: Fourty-four women already diagnosed with FM were recruited to evaluate the presence of sexual pain not owing to FM. Fourteen women affected by sexual pain of unknown origin who came to our department requesting treatment were also recruited...
December 2016: Pathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194529/a-randomized-clinical-study-on-postoperative-pain-comparing-between-the-supraglottic-airway-device-and-endotracheal-tubing-in-transabdominal-preperitoneal-repair-tapp
#4
Y Nagahisa, K Hashida, R Matsumoto, R Kawashima, M Okabe, K Kawamoto
BACKGROUND: Transabdominal preperitoneal (TAPP) repair is the most widely used laparoscopic technique for the treatment of inguinal hernia in Japan. Many studies have shown that in comparison with open hernia repair, laparoscopic repair results in less pain and a shorter convalescence. However, postoperative pain remains a concern. One possible cause of postoperative pain in the early postoperative phase is strain or cough on removal of the endotracheal tube. Use of a supraglottic airway (SGA) device helps to avoid such complaints...
February 13, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193459/epileptiform-activity-and-behavioral-arrests-in-mice-overexpressing-the-calcium-channel-subunit-%C3%AE-2%C3%AE-1
#5
Leonardo C Faria, Feng Gu, Isabel Parada, Ben Barres, Z David Luo, David A Prince
: The alpha2delta-1 subunit (α2δ-1) of voltage-gated calcium channels is a receptor for astrocyte-secreted thrombospondins that promote developmental synaptogenesis.Alpha2delta-1 receptors are upregulated in models of injury-induced peripheral pain and epileptogenic neocortical trauma associated with an enhancement of excitatory synaptic connectivity. These results lead to the hypothesis that overexpression of α2δ-1 alone in neocortex of uninjured transgenic (TG) mice might result in increased excitatory connectivity and consequent cortical hyperexcitability and epileptiform activity...
February 10, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190451/successful-pulpal-anesthesia-for-symptomatic-irreversible-pulpitis
#6
Melissa Drum, Al Reader, John Nusstein, Sara Fowler
BACKGROUND AND OVERVIEW: Profound pulpal anesthesia after a successful inferior alveolar nerve block can be difficult to achieve when the clinical condition is a pulpal diagnosis of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. The authors reviewed the literature as it relates to the anesthesia necessary for endodontic therapy of patients with painful, vital, mandibular teeth diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. CONCLUSIONS: Supplemental anesthetic techniques and medications are available that can be used to improve pulpal anesthesia for patients with the clinical condition of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis...
February 9, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176903/analysis-of-perioperative-pain-management-in-vascular-surgery-indicates-that-practice-does-not-adhere-with-guidelines-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-study
#7
Krste Boric, Matija Boric, Teo Boric, Livia Puljak
BACKGROUND: Inadequate treatment of pain related to surgery may be associated with complications and prolonged recovery time and increased morbidity and mortality rates. We investigated perioperative pain management in vascular surgery and compared it with the relevant guidelines for the treatment of perioperative pain. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on 501 patients who underwent vascular surgery at the University Hospital Split, Croatia. We collected the following data from patients' charts: age, gender, premedication, preoperative patient's physical status, type of surgery, duration of surgery and anesthesia, type of anesthesia, postoperative analgesia, and need for intensive care...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160905/pain-associated-with-treatment-of-dupuytren-contracture-with-collagenase-clostridium-histolyticum
#8
Rafael Sanjuan-Cerveró, Francisco J Carrera-Hueso, Pedro Vazquez-Ferreiro, Narjis Fikri-Benbrahim, Nuria Franco-Ferrando, Clayton A Peimer
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to quantify the degree of pain associated with collagenase Clostridium histolyticum (CCH) injection and to determine whether it is related to other factors in the intervention. METHODS: A prospective study of 135 patients was performed to evaluate pain at 3 points during treatment: (1) after CCH injection, using a numerical rating scale (NRS), (2) a binary (positive/negative) assessment before manipulation 24 hours after CCH and after removing the bandage, and (3) after joint manipulation performed with wrist block anesthesia...
February 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158169/pneumocephalus-following-unidentified-dural-puncture-a-case-report-with-an-unusual-neurological-presentation
#9
Helena Dutra Figueiera, Joana Guimaraes, Ana Luisa Sousa, Ana Margarida Regalado
Pneumocephalus is a rare consequence of epidural anesthesia, which may occur following inadvertent or unidentified dural puncture when the loss of resistance to air technique is applied to identify the epidural space. Headache is the most common symptom presented in this condition, usually with sudden onset. This case report describes an unusual presentation of diffuse pneumocephalus after an unidentified dural puncture. The patient (male, 67 years old) was submitted to epidural catheter placement for the treatment of acute exacerbation of ischemic chronic pain using loss of resistance to air technique...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158165/ketamine-an-update-on-cellular-and-subcellular-mechanisms-with-implications-for-clinical-practice
#10
Gary J Iacobucci, Ognjen Visnjevac, Leili Pourafkari, Nader Djalal Nader
BACKGROUND: Ketamine is one of the oldest hypnotic agents used to provide an anesthetic agent with analgesic properties and minimal suppressive effects on respiration. The ability of ketamine in modulating glutamatergic (N-methyl D-aspartate) pain receptors has made this anesthetic drug a new option for the management of patients with chronic pain syndromes. Further preclinical and clinical findings suggest ketamine may have wide ranging effects on both cognition and development. Recent advances have revealed an unprecedented role for ketamine in the acute management of depression...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153755/buffered-1-lidocaine-with-epinephrine-is-as-effective-as-non-buffered-2-lidocaine-with-epinephrine-for-mandibular-nerve-block
#11
Victor T Warren, Anson G Fisher, Eric M Rivera, Pooja T Saha, Blake Turner, Glenn Reside, Ceib Phillips, Raymond P White
PURPOSE: To assess outcomes for pulpal anesthesia and pain on injection for buffered 1% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine (EPI) versus non-buffered 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 EPI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a randomized cross-over trial approved by the institutional review board, buffered 1% lidocaine with 1:100,000 EPI was compared with non-buffered 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 EPI. After mandibular nerve block with buffered lidocaine 40 mg or non-buffered lidocaine 80 mg, patients reported responses at the mandibular first molar and canine after cold and electrical pulp testing (EPT)...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141647/surgical-approach-to-foreign-material-within-the-mandibular-canal-due-to-iatrogenic-factors
#12
Bo Li, Lunchang Wang, Zhihe Zhao, Hongbo Qian, Han Cui, Longjiang Li
This clinical report describes a relatively infrequent patient with inferior alveolar nerve damage caused by foreign material within the mandibular canal, which is one of the most severe complications of endodontic therapy. Although the circumstance is uncommon, it can have extremely unfavorable consequences for patients, such as anesthesia and paresthesia. In the present case, a patient suffered pain and severe paresthesia in the corresponding area after routine endodontic therapy. Several treatments were conducted to relieve the patient's symptoms, ranging from medication to tooth extraction, but all were of no avail...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134650/nasopharyngeal-extension-of-giant-meningioma
#13
Mehmet Çelik, Bayram Şahin, Necati Enver, Kadir Serkan Orhan
Meningiomas are common intracranial neoplasms but extracranial meningioma of the paranasal sinus is extremely rare. The recommended treatment of these meningothelial tumors is complete surgical excision. The authors report a 79-year-old woman presenting with facial pain and nasal obstruction for several months. Endoscopic nasopharyngeal examination showed a right nasal mass that arose from the nasopharynx and reached around the middle meatus. Gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a well-circumscribed nasopharyngeal mass, which originates from the right rosenmuller fossa and extends to the right nasal cavity...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128087/direct-insertion-of-muscle-fibers-is-not-restricted-to-facial-skin
#14
Uwe Wollina
Facial musculature is divided into masticatory muscles, i.e. M. masseter and M. buccalis, with bony insertions and smaller facial muscles involved in facial expression, which insert into bone and skin. There are four fixed osteocutaneous points of the face, i.e. zygomatic (Mac Gregor), mandibular (Furnas), orbital (Psillakis), and masseteric with an antigravitational effect and functional role in facial expression (1,2). In other body parts, the direct insertion of muscle fibers into skin has not been reported...
December 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126418/percutaneous-osteosynthesis-and-cementoplasty-for-stabilization-of-malignant-pathologic-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur
#15
E Mavrovi, J-B Pialat, H Beji, A-C Kalenderian, G Vaz, B Richioud
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the outcome of patients who underwent radiological percutaneous osteosynthesis and cementoplasty (RPOC) for stabilization of malignant pathological fracture of the proximal femur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical files of 12 patients who underwent RPOC for stabilization of malignant pathological fracture of the proximal femur were reviewed. There were 9 men and 3 women with a mean age of 56 years±13 (SD) (range: 35-82 years)...
January 23, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110186/numb-chin-syndrome-as-a-sign-of-mandibular-metastasis-a-case-report
#16
Thomas Aerden, Koenraad Grisar, Patrick Neven, Esther Hauben, Constantinus Politis
INTRODUCTION: Metastasis to the oral cavity can be located in both the soft and bony tissues and comprise only 1% of all oral malignancies; however, it is clinically significant because it indicates widespread metastatic disease and an unfavorable prognosis. A numb chin is an important presentation of oral metastasis, but other dental and systemic pathology may be involved. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We present the case of a 54-year-old woman who presented with numb chin syndrome 8 years after a diagnosis of primary breast carcinoma...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108822/the-feasibility-of-local-anesthesia-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-umbilical-hernia-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
REVIEW
A P Jairam, R Kaufmann, F Muysoms, J Jeekel, J F Lange
BACKGROUND: Yearly approximately 4500 umbilical hernias are repaired in The Netherlands, mostly under general anesthesia. The use of local anesthesia has shown several advantages in groin hernia surgery. Local anesthesia might be useful in the treatment of umbilical hernia as well. However, convincing evidence is lacking. We have conducted a systematic review on safety, feasibility, and advantages of local anesthesia for umbilical hernia repair. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the PRISMA guidelines...
January 20, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103628/treatment-of-a-vulvar-paget-s-disease-by-photodynamic-therapy-with-a-new-light-emitting-fabric-based-device
#18
Claire Vicentini, Olivier Carpentier, Fabienne Lecomte, Elise Thecua, Laurent Mortier, Serge R Mordon
INTRODUCTION: The non-invasive vulvar Paget's disease is an intra-epidermal carcinoma with glandular characteristics. It appears like an erythematous plaque. The main symptoms are pruritus and pain. The standard treatment is surgical excision in depth. This treatment is complicated with a severe morbidity and photodynamic therapy can be an alternative choice. However, the pain experienced during the photodynamic treatment of vulvar lesion is intense and leads to a premature interruption of the treatment...
January 19, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079793/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-pediatric-patients-under-general-anesthesia-a-prospective-study
#19
Lanlan Li, Hongwei Wang, Xueping Han
Our goal was to evaluate how dental treatments under general anesthesia (GA) affect the quality of life by a prospective pair-matched design. Pediatric patients, who had received dental treatments under GA, were enrolled and were asked to complete the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (ECOHIS) before the treatment and 1 month after the treatment. To shield the observed impacts, a pair-matched control group was performed. Patients in the control group were also required to complete the ECOHIS at these different points in time...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079587/review-of-the-alternatives-to-epidural-blood-patch-for-treatment-of-postdural-puncture-headache-in-the-parturient
#20
Daniel Katz, Yaakov Beilin
Labor neuraxial anesthesia is commonly used in the parturient, and postdural puncture headache is the most common complication of the technique. Although epidural blood patch is the best treatment, there are some patients in whom this treatment is refused or contraindicated. The goal of this article is to review the efficacy of the most studied alternate modalities to treat postdural puncture headache. This will include a discussion of the various oral or intravenous therapies and the non-blood-containing epidural injections...
January 10, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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