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Neuromuscular dentistry

Joshua A Cotter, Steven T Jamison, Sarah A Schloemer, Ajit M W Chaudhari
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a neuromuscular dentistry-designed mouthguard (NMDD) on dynamic movement ability. Forty-two competitive athletes (8 females, 21.9 ± 2.9 yrs, 66.8 ± 18.8 kg, 1.68 ± 0.11 m; 34 males, 22.8 ± 4.8 yrs, 77.4 ± 12.7 kg, 1.78 ± 0.08 m) with greater than two years' experience in their designated sport were enrolled in the study. Participants completed the Functional Movement Screen (FMS), modified Star Excursion Balance Test (mSEBT), and a single leg landing (SLL) task...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Shamima Easmin Nishi, Rehana Basri, Mohammad Khursheed Alam
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the uses of electromyography (EMG) in dentistry in the last few years in related research. EMG is an advanced technique to record and evaluate muscle activity. In the previous days, EMG was only used for medical sciences, but now EMG playing a tremendous role in medical as well as dental sector. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Several electronic databases such as Google Scholar, PubMed, Science Direct, and Web of Science were systematically searched for studies published until July 2015...
July 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
Mohd Toseef Khan, Sanjeev Kumar Verma, Sandhya Maheshwari, Syed Naved Zahid, Prabhat K Chaudhary
Neuromuscular dentistry has been a controversial topic in the field of dentistry and still remains debatable. The issue of good occlusion and sound health has been repeatedly discussed. Sometimes we get complains of sensitive teeth and sometimes of tired facial muscles on getting up in the morning. Owing to the intimate relation of masticatory apparatus with the cranium and cervico-scapular muscular system, the disorders in any system, draw attention from concerned clinicians involved in management, to develop an integrated treatment protocol for the suffering patients...
September 2013: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
William B Grant, Sunil J Wimalawansa, Michael F Holick, John J Cannell, Pawel Pludowski, Joan M Lappe, Mary Pittaway, Philip May
People with neurodevelopmental disorders and intellectual disabilities have much greater health care needs. Mainly staying indoors, such people generally have low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations. The Vitamin D Task Force of the American Academy of Developmental Medicine and Dentistry (AADMD) reviewed the evidence of 25(OH)D concentrations that benefit the health of persons with developmental disabilities. Maintaining recommended optimal serum 25(OH)D concentrations year long will benefit skeletal development in infants, children, and adolescents, and benefit musculoskeletal health and neuromuscular coordination in adult patients, and decrease risk of falls...
March 2015: Nutrients
Prabu Raman
Shifting from traditional anatomical/mechanistic models, the physiologic neuromuscular dentistry (PNMD) paradigm acknowledges the primacy of physiology in shaping and controlling anatomy in a functioning human body. Occlusal disharmony from mandibular discrepancy to cranium leads to temporomandibular disorders (TMD), which is a disease of musculoskeletal imbalance in the postural chain exceeding the individual's physiologic adaptive capacity. To diagnose optimal craniomandibular alignment, PNMD is guided by real-time objective physiologic data such as electromyography (EMG)...
August 2014: Journal of the California Dental Association
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2014: Journal of the California Dental Association
Gk Thakral, Rashmi Thakral, Saurabh Arora, Neeraj Sharma, Chetan Chawla
Restoration of aesthetics, function and comfort in badly compromised dentition and its supporting tissues often poses a great challenge. The long term success of such cases depends largely on simultaneous achieving of satisfying aesthetics and a harmonious occlusion. Proper examination, evaluation and diagnosis of the prevailing oral conditions serve as a prelude to a rationalized treatment plan and its ultimate success. Invariably, it also becomes significant to understand and recognize the consequences of long term negligence by the patient...
April 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Maksim Yurchenko, Hana Hubálková, Ivo Klepáček, Vladimír Machoň, Jiří Mazánek
BACKGROUND: The contemporary approach of dentistry towards interdisciplinary cooperation is based on the neuromuscular concept. In recent years many authors have pointed out a correlation between orthopaedic and dental findings. Furthermore, there is an intimate biomechanical interrelationship of occlusion with cerebral fluid circulation, left and right equilibrium, gaze stabilisation and headache. The influence of a dental occlusion and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) status on general health has been widely analysed in the current scientific literature...
February 2014: International Dental Journal
Sybille Hugger, Hans J Schindler, Bernd Kordass, Alfons Hugger
The fourth part of this literature review on the clinical relevance of surface electromyography (EMG) of the masticatory muscles summarizes the results of clinical studies in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD), preferably randomized controlled trials, examining the impact of changes to the dynamic occlusion or the effects of occlusal splints and other treatment measures on electromyographic activity. Surface electromyography is a useful tool for neuromuscular functional analysis in the field of dentistry...
2013: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
Susan Thomas
The rapid growth in the elderly population in a developing country such as India poses social and financial challenges by causing a shift towards non-communicable diseases and increases in chronic diseases. The economic impact of the burden of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, hypertension, diabetes and cancer are high. The link between oral health and general health are particularly pronounced in older populations and impairs their quality of life. This paper reveals that in order to address the increasing health challenges and demands of a growing geriatric population, undergraduates and graduate students in dental schools should be given comprehensive or holistic health assessment training...
June 2013: International Dental Journal
S Hugger, H J Schindler, B Kordass, A Hugger
Based on a comprehensive computerized literature search supplemented by a specific manual search of the literature, the present review article focuses on concrete aspects of the application of surface electromyography (EMG) for evaluation of the masticatory muscles in general and of the masseter and anterior temporal muscles in particular, and presents the current base of knowledge on the clinical relevance of surface EMG in dental applications. In the first stage of the review, publications from the year 2000 or later reporting the results of controlled clinical trials (randomized as far as available) of patients with craniomandibular or temporomandibular disorders (TMD) were analyzed...
2012: International Journal of Computerized Dentistry
Mariangela Salles Pereira Nassar, Marcelo Palinkas, Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo, Luiz Gustavo de Sousa, Selma Siéssere, Marisa Semprini, Cristiane Bataglion, César Bataglion
The Lucia jig is a technique that promotes neuromuscular reprogramming of the masticatory system and allows the stabilization of the mandible without the interference of dental contacts, maintaining the mandible position in harmonic condition with the musculature in normal subjects or in patients with temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD). This study aimed to electromyographically analyze the activity (RMS) of the masseter and temporal muscles in normal subjects (control group) during the use of an anterior programming device, the Lucia jig, in place for 0, 5, 10, 20 and 30 minutes to demonstrate its effect on the stomatognathic system...
November 2012: Brazilian Oral Research
Dan Schulte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2012: Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
Pavan M Patil, Gurjap Singh, Seema P Patil
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a chronic neuromuscular disease characterized by muscular weakness and fatigability. Dental management of patients diagnosed with MG presents a challenge to the oral health care provider. The purpose of this article was to review the etiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and clinical signs and symptoms associated with MG, highlighting the role of the oral health care provider in the process of diagnosis and management of the oral and dental complications that might be associated with the disease, while avoiding myasthenic crisis...
July 2012: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Paweł Cichocki, Ewelina Zyzniewska-Banaszak, Hanna Mosiejczuk
INTRODUCTION: Neuromuscular diseases progress to pathologic conditions which reveal structural or functional lesions of the elements forming the motor unit of the body. Typical clinical symptoms include muscle weakness, muscle flaccidity, pareses, and partial or total loss of reflexes. Excessive intensity of these symptoms leads i.a. to motor dysfunctions and ultimately to problems with physical development of children and youth. Treatment of such conditions is based on physiotherapy...
2011: Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis
B Jankelson, S Sparks, P F Crane, J C Radke
With the introduction of the Myo-Monitor to dentistry, the question has arisen whether the stimulus is neurally mediated or results from direct depolarization of only the fibers of the masseter muscle. Intensity-duration curves recorded for 10 subjects quantified the relationship between stimulus intensity and the duration of the stimulus required to elicit a consistent contraction response to transcutaneous stimulation via the Myo-Monitor. Individual chronaxies ranged from 0.125 to 0.180 msec., with a mean calculated at 0...
September 1975: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Georg Meyer, Jochen Fanghänel, Peter Proff
Although oral implantology is among the most beneficial developments of modern dentistry, the widely spread opinion that the long-term outcome of implants is superior to that of natural teeth has been refuted. To evade uncritical extractions, the morphofunctional properties of natural teeth and implant-supported restorations are compared from a proprioceptive and occlusal trauma perspective. The periodontal ligament of natural teeth provides the central nerve system with feedback for sensory perception and motor control...
March 20, 2012: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Lakshmana B Rao, Rajashekar Sangur, S Pradeep
An extremely effective way of preventing damage to and enhancing treatment of dental hard tissues and restorations would be to ''de-programme'' the muscles responsible for excessive destructive forces and other gnathological-related diseases. The new paradigm is the intramuscular injection of Botulinum toxin type A (BOTOX) into the affected muscles. It is a natural protein produced by anaerobic bacterium, Clostridium botulinum. The toxin inhibits the release of acetylcholine (ACH), a neurotransmitter responsible for the activation of muscle contraction and glandular secretion, and its administration results in reduction of tone in the injected muscle...
May 2011: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
G W C Jaspers, J Pijpe, J Jansma
Over the past decade, facial cosmetic procedures have become more commonplace in dentistry and oral and maxillofacial surgery. An increasing number of patients seek minimal invasive procedures. One of the most requested procedures is treatment with botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA). Treatment of dynamic rhytids and lines with BoNTA is effective and produces high rates of improvement with rapid onset and long duration of action (longer than 4 months for some patients) compared with placebo. This paper considers the history and pharmacology of this neurotoxin, and focusses on the literature concerning the treatment of different facial areas with BoNTA...
February 2011: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Marcelo Coelho Goiato, Marcela Filiè Haddad, Daniela Micheline dos Santos, Alício Rosalino Garcia, Paulo Renato Junqueira Zuim, Adriana Cristina Zavanelli
BACKGROUND: The record of electrical activity of elevator muscles in mandible is important for the evaluation of muscular potency and diagnosis of neuromuscular pathologies, which allows prevention and treatment. The aim of this study was to define silent periods (SPs) and the importance in dentistry and compare the SPs in masticatory muscles of dentate and edentulous patients wearing prosthesis considering the presence or absence of craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature review in PubMed database...
September 2010: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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