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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748108/readyspeech-for-people-with-dysarthria-after-stroke-protocol-for-a-feasibility-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Claire Mitchell, Audrey Bowen, Sarah Tyson, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Dysarthria, a disordered speech production resulting from neuro-muscular impairment, is a common symptom after stroke. It causes significant problems for patients' speech intelligibility, communication, psychological well-being, social engagement and stroke recovery. Rehabilitation for dysarthria is variable in quality, intensity and duration, which may be, in part, due to the lack of good quality evidence. An online therapy programme, ReaDySpeech, has the potential to improve quality, intensity and duration of speech rehabilitation and was considered in a proof-of-concept study to be acceptable to speech and language therapists and patients which warranted further evaluation...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715241/presentation-and-management-of-arthrofibrosis-of-the-knee-a-case-report
#2
Sara A Scholtes, Lynnette Khoo-Summers, Katherine J Damico
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Arthrofibrosis is a debilitating condition that results in pain, decreased range of motion, and decreased function. Although surgical management of arthrofibrosis has been well described in the literature, rehabilitation of the arthrofibrotic knee is less well described. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 28-year-old female presented with swelling, pain, and decreased strength, range of motion, patellar mobility, and function following an exploratory arthroscopy of her left knee...
July 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702442/kinematics-and-neuromuscular-recruitment-during-vertical-treadmill-exercise
#3
Alastair R Jordan, Andrew Barnes, David Claxton, Alison Purvis, Mary Fysh
The vertical treadmill (VertiRun) is an unresearched, partial weight-bearing exercise mode for lower limb rehabilitation. The user undertakes a "running-like" action whilst body weight is supported by a bench and the limb is drawn downwards against overhanging resistance cables on a vertically hung nonmotorised treadmill. This study sought to describe the kinematics and neuromuscular recruitment during VertiRun exercise in the supine, 40°, and 70° postures. Twenty-one healthy male participants (age, 25±7 years; stature, 1...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691478/mondani-intraoral-welding-historical-process-and-main-practical-applications
#4
L Dal Carlo, M E Pasqualini, P M Mondani, F Rossi, E Moglioni, M Shulman
The intraoral welder was invented by Dr. Pierluigi Mondani during the early 70’s to weld titanium needle implants to a titanium bar in patient’s mouth and to load them immediately by means of resin prosthesis. The clinical use documented dates back to 1972. Over the years, many practical applications have been added to the initial one, which have expanded the use of this device. In this scientific work, main applications are described. The aim of the work was to trace the historical process of intra-oral welding according to Mondani and describe the main practical applications...
April 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662956/tranexamic-acid-in-knee-surgery-study-a-multicentered-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Marinus D J Stowers, James Aoina, Andrew Vane, Vaughan Poutawera, Andrew G Hill, Jacob T Munro
BACKGROUND: Postoperative anemia following elective arthroplasty can lead to prolonged hospital stay and delays in rehabilitation and is often poorly tolerated in patients with cardiovascular disease. Tranexamic acid (TXA) has been shown to reduce perioperative blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). However, questions over its optimal route of administration remain. METHODS: A double-blinded, placebo, multicentered, randomized, controlled trial investigating the efficacy of topical and systemic routes of a single intraoperative dose (1...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659838/the-robust-running-ape-unraveling-the-deep-underpinnings-of-coordinated-human-running-proficiency
#6
REVIEW
John Kiely
In comparison to other mammals, humans are not especially strong, swift or supple. Nevertheless, despite these apparent physical limitations, we are among Natures most superbly well-adapted endurance runners. Paradoxically, however, notwithstanding this evolutionary-bestowed proficiency, running-related injuries, and Overuse syndromes in particular, are widely pervasive. The term 'coordination' is similarly ubiquitous within contemporary coaching, conditioning, and rehabilitation cultures. Various theoretical models of coordination exist within the academic literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654811/return-to-running-following-knee-osteochondral-repair-using-an-anti-gravity-treadmill-a-case-report
#7
Karen Hambly, Somruthai Poomsalood, Emma Mundy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of an anti-gravity treadmill return to running programme on self-efficacy and subjective knee function following knee osteochondral surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old otherwise healthy female endurance runner with a left knee femoral cartilage grade 3-4 defect 3 cm(2). The patient underwent single step arthroscopic microfracture with Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate. An AlterG(®) anti-gravity treadmill was used to manipulate loading during a graduated phased return to running over 8 weeks...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653547/assessment-of-mood-in-aphasia-following-stroke-validation-of-the-dynamic-visual-analogue-mood-scales-d-vams
#8
Paul D Barrows, Shirley A Thomas
OBJECTIVES: To validate a non-verbal self-report measure of mood - the Dynamic Visual Analogue Mood Scales (D-VAMS) - against the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and assess its suitability as an outcome measure or screening measure for depressed mood following stroke. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-six stroke survivors (24% with aphasia) recruited from online, from stroke clubs and via an NHS rehabilitation service...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639551/facet-joint-injections-for-people-with-persistent-non-specific-low-back-pain-facet-injection-study-a-feasibility-study-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#9
David R Ellard, Martin Underwood, Felix Achana, James Hl Antrobus, Shyam Balasubramanian, Sally Brown, Melinda Cairns, James Griffin, Frances Griffiths, Kirstie Haywood, Charles Hutchinson, Ranjit Lall, Stavros Petrou, Nigel Stallard, Colin Tysall, David A Walsh, Harbinder Sandhu
BACKGROUND: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) 2009 guidelines for persistent low back pain (LBP) do not recommend the injection of therapeutic substances into the back as a treatment for LBP because of the absence of evidence for their effectiveness. This feasibility study aimed to provide a stable platform that could be used to evaluate a randomised controlled trial (RCT) on the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of intra-articular facet joint injections (FJIs) when added to normal care...
May 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637134/an-exploratory-qualitative-study-of-the-meaning-and-value-of-a-running-walking-program-for-women-after-a-diagnosis-of-breast-cancer
#10
Jennifer Brunet, Stephanie Saunders, Wendy Gifford, Roanne Thomas, Ryan Hamilton
PURPOSE: To generate insights into the personal meaning and value of a running/walking program for women after a diagnosis of breast cancer. METHODS: After completing a 12-week running/walking program with a 5-km training goal, eight women were interviewed and seven participated in a focus group. The interviews and focus group were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were thematically analyzed. RESULTS: Data portrayed the personal benefits and value of the clinic...
February 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630733/return-to-running-after-arthroscopic-hip-surgery-literature-review-and-proposal-of-a-physical-therapy-protocol
#11
REVIEW
Matthew J Kraeutler, Joy Anderson, Jorge Chahla, Justin J Mitchell, Robyn Thompson-Etzel, Omer Mei-Dan, Cecilia Pascual-Garrido
The number of hip arthroscopy procedures has significantly increased in the last several years, thereby necessitating individualized rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on rehabilitation protocols for patients following hip arthroscopy and to describe a new protocol specifically designed for patients to return to running following hip arthroscopy. A search of PubMed was performed through October 2016 to locate studies of rehabilitation protocols for patients wishing to return to sport/general activity following hip arthroscopy...
July 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630722/hip-arthroscopy-protocol-expert-opinions-on-post-operative-weight-bearing-and-return-to-sports-guidelines
#12
Ehud Rath, Zachary T Sharfman, Matan Paret, Eyal Amar, Michael Drexler, Nicolas Bonin
The objectives of this study are to survey the weight-bearing limitation practices and delay for returning to running and impact sports of high volume hip arthroscopy orthopedic surgeons. The study was designed in the form of expert survey questionnaire. Evidence-based data are scares regarding hip arthroscopy post-operative weight-bearing protocols. An international cross-sectional anonymous Internet survey of 26 high-volume hip arthroscopy specialized surgeons was conducted to report their weight-bearing limitations and rehabilitation protocols after various arthroscopic hip procedures...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606895/direct-adherence-measurement-using-an-ingestible-sensor-compared-with-self-reporting-in-high-risk-cardiovascular-disease-patients-who-knew-they-were-being-measured-a-prospective-intervention
#13
David Thompson, Teresa Mackay, Maria Matthews, Judith Edwards, Nicholas Peters, Susan B Connolly
BACKGROUND: Use of appropriate cardioprotective medication is a cornerstone of cardiovascular disease prevention, but less-than-optimal patient adherence is common. Thus, strategies for improving adherence are recommended to adopt a multifaceted approach. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to test a system comprising a biodegradable, ingestible sensor for direct measurement of medication ingestion in a group of patients at elevated cardiovascular risk attending a cardiac prevention and rehabilitation program...
June 12, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605277/ground-reaction-forces-during-sprinting-in-unilateral-transfemoral-amputees
#14
Atsushi Makimoto, Yoko Sano, Satoru Hashizume, Akihiko Murai, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Hiroshi Takemura, Hiroaki Hobara
Understanding the characteristics of ground reaction forces (GRFs) on both limbs during sprinting in unilateral amputees wearing running-specific prostheses would provide important information that could be utilized in the evaluation of athletic performance and development of training methods in this population. The purpose of this study was to compare GRFs between intact and prosthetic limbs during sprinting in unilateral transfemoral amputees wearing running-specific prostheses. Nine sprinters with unilateral transfemoral amputation wearing the same type of prosthesis performed maximal sprinting on a 40 m of runway...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605231/a-comparison-of-both-motorized-and-non-motorized-treadmill-gait-kinematics-to-overground-locomotion
#15
Adam M Fullenkamp, Danilo V Tolusso, C Matthew Laurent, Brian M Campbell, Andrea E Cripps
CONTEXT: Motorized treadmills (MT) present an altered motor task compared to overground (OG) locomotion in that MT belt surfaces are motor-driven, whereas individuals walking/running OG must propel themselves. A possible solution may lie with novel non-motorized treadmill (NMT) devices as the belt surface is propelled by the user. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare gait performance during both MT and NMT locomotion to OG. DESIGN: Crossover study...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583223/assessment-of-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-and-intervention-in-shanghai-china
#16
Xiuzhi Chen, Min Yuan, Jun Lu, Qi Zhang, Mei Sun, Fengshui Chang
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) and intervention program in Shanghai, China. METHODS: This study included the quantitative analyses of the UNHS-Shanghai database in 2002-12 and qualitative assessment of the program. The Otoacoustic Emissions and the Automated Auditory Brainstem Evoked Responses tests were conducted in screening. The costs and benefits were calculated based on the number of participants in each stage...
June 6, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573560/phyto-management-of-cr-contaminated-soils-by-sunflower-hybrids-physiological-and-biochemical-response-and-metal-extractability-under-cr-stress
#17
Mujahid Farid, Shafaqat Ali, Nudrat Aisha Akram, Muhammad Rizwan, Farhat Abbas, Syed Asad Hussain Bukhari, Rashid Saeed
Chromium (Cr) is a biologically non-essential, carcinogenic and toxic heavy metal. The cultivation of Cr-tolerant genotypes seems the most favorable and environment friendly strategy for rehabilitation and remediation of Cr-contaminated soils. To prove this hypothesis and identify the Cr tolerance, the present study was performed to assess the physiological and biochemical response of sunflower genotypes to Cr stress. The seeds of six sunflower hybrids, namely FH-425, FH-600, FH-612, FH-614, FH-619, and FH-620, were grown in spiked soil for 12 weeks under increasing concentrations of Cr (0, 5, 10, and 20 mg kg(-1))...
July 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552932/biomechanical-properties-of-alternative-suture-technique-for-flexor-tendon-repair
#18
Tomasz Andrzejewski, Piotr Czarnecki, Mikołaj Dąbrowski, Robert Spławski, Piotr Rogala, Leszek Romanowski
PURPOSE: Flexor injuries are most common in the hand and require special attention and experience from the surgeon. Both quality and technique affect the stability of the suture. The selection of the optimum method will influence the process of rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to compare three different suture techniques based on the strength, depending on the method of breakage, i.e., axial or pulley load. METHODS: The study was divided into six sessions...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551469/peak-medial-but-not-lateral-hamstring-activity-is-significantly-lower-during-stance-phase-of-running-an-emg-investigation-using-a-reduced-gravity-treadmill
#19
Clint Hansen, Einar Einarson, Athol Thomson, Rodney Whiteley
The hamstrings are seen to work during late swing phase (presumably to decelerate the extending shank) then during stance phase (presumably stabilizing the knee and contributing to horizontal force production during propulsion) of running. A better understanding of this hamstring activation during running may contribute to injury prevention and performance enhancement (targeting the specific role via specific contraction mode). Twenty active adult males underwent surface EMG recordings of their medial and lateral hamstrings while running on a reduced gravity treadmill...
May 17, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538517/greater-corticostriatal-activation-associated-with-facial-motor-imagery-compared-with-motor-execution-a-functional-mri-study
#20
Meena M Makary, Seulgi Eun, Kyungmo Park
Motor imagery (MI) relies on conscious mental simulation of a motor act without overt motor output and can promote motor skill acquisition and facilitate rehabilitation for patients with stroke or neurological conditions. Although a plethora of neuroimaging studies have investigated the neural network of MI regarding different body parts, exploration of the neural correlates to facial MI remains warranted. Here, we used functional MRI with a large cohort of 41 participants who underwent motor execution (ME) and MI runs of mouth-stretching tasks...
July 5, 2017: Neuroreport
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