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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333997/learning-better-by-repetition-or-variation-is-transfer-at-odds-with-task-specific-training
#1
Emmanuel Bonney, Lemke Dorothee Jelsma, Gillian D Ferguson, Bouwien C M Smits-Engelsman
OBJECTIVE: Transfer of motor skills is the ultimate goal of motor training in rehabilitation practice. In children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), very little is known about how skills are transferred from training situations to real life contexts. In this study we examined the influence of two types of practice on transfer of motor skills acquired in a virtual reality (VR) environment. METHOD: One hundred and eleven children with DCD and their typically developing (TD) peers, aged 6-10 years (M = 8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333778/cochlear-implant-in-severe-impaired-psychiatric-patients-a-case-series
#2
Ioana T Herisanu, Mark Praetorius, Margarete Mattern
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders and intelligence deficiencies are no longer contraindications for cochlear implantation regarding the revised German guidelines from May 2012. This article aims to evaluate the outcome of patients with severe psychiatric comorbidities. Therefore the database of the Cochlear Implant Center of the University Hospital of Heidelberg was investigated. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. METHODS: We present three patients who received a cochlear implant (CI) despite a serious psychiatric disorder...
March 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315455/7-8-dihydroxyflavone-facilitates-the-action-exercise-to-restore-plasticity-and-functionality-implications-for-early-brain-trauma-recovery
#3
Gokul Krishna, Rahul Agrawal, Yumei Zhuang, Zhe Ying, Afshin Paydar, Neil G Harris, Luiz Fernando F Royes, Fernando Gomez-Pinilla
Metabolic dysfunction accompanying traumatic brain injury (TBI) severely impairs the ability of injured neurons to comply with functional demands. This limits the success of rehabilitative strategies by compromising brain plasticity and function, and highlights the need for early interventions to promote energy homeostasis. We sought to examine whether the TrkB agonist, 7,8-dihydroxyflavone (7,8-DHF) normalizes brain energy deficits and restablishes more normal patterns of functional connectivity, while enhancing the effects of exercise during post-TBI period...
March 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300524/predicting-pulmonary-function-from-phone-sensors
#4
Qian Cheng, Joshua Juen, Shashi Bellam, Nicholas Fulara, Deanna Close, Jonathan C Silverstein, Bruce Schatz
INTRODUCTION: Smartphones are ubiquitous, but it is unknown what physiological functions can be monitored at clinical quality. Pulmonary function is a standard measure of health status for cardiopulmonary patients. We have shown phone sensors can accurately measure walking patterns. Here we show that improved classification models can accurately predict pulmonary function, with sole inputs being motion sensors from carried phones. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five cardiopulmonary patients performed 6-minute walk tests in pulmonary rehabilitation at a regional hospital...
March 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293321/bone-height-changes-of-the-mandibular-edentulous-ridge-in-screw-retained-versus-telescopic-restorations-for-completely-edentulous-patients
#5
Eman Helal, Mohamed El-Zawahry, Ayman Gouda, Amr Hosny Elkhadem, Samira Ibrahim Ibrahim
AIM: This study was established to evaluate the amount of bone height changes in the posterior mandibular area of edentulous patients receiving screw-retained prostheses versus removable telescopic implant overdentures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Every patient received four inter-foraminal implants regarding the mandibular arch and four anterior implants for the maxillary arch, computer guided surgical guides were planned for the insertion of the implants accurately with a flapless technique...
March 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269460/monitoring-of-paces-and-gaits-using-binary-pir-sensors-with-rehabilitation-treadmill
#6
Jiang Lu, Ting Zhang, Qingquan Sun, Sanobar Kadiwal, Ishaq Unwala, Fei Hu
Recently, rehabilitation treadmills are designed for helping injured persons such as stroke patients and injury athletes in the process of physical therapy. By monitoring the changes of paces and gaits, one can estimate the progress of rehabilitation. At present, most devices that can estimate paces and gaits are wearable and/or expensive. This paper presents an inexpensive, non-intrusive wireless binary sensor system for pace estimation and lower-extreme gait recognition with low data throughput and high energy efficiency...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269366/a-triboelectric-motion-sensor-in-wearable-body-sensor-network-for-human-activity-recognition
#7
Hui Huang, Xian Li, Ye Sun
The goal of this study is to design a novel triboelectric motion sensor in wearable body sensor network for human activity recognition. Physical activity recognition is widely used in well-being management, medical diagnosis and rehabilitation. Other than traditional accelerometers, we design a novel wearable sensor system based on triboelectrification. The triboelectric motion sensor can be easily attached to human body and collect motion signals caused by physical activities. The experiments are conducted to collect five common activity data: sitting and standing, walking, climbing upstairs, downstairs, and running...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263670/proximal-neuromuscular-control-protects-against-hamstring-injuries-in-male-soccer-players
#8
Joke Schuermans, Lieven Danneels, Damien Van Tiggelen, Tanneke Palmans, Erik Witvrouw
BACKGROUND: With their unremittingly high incidence rate and detrimental functional repercussions, hamstring injuries remain a substantial problem in male soccer. Proximal neuromuscular control ("core stability") is considered to be of key importance in primary and secondary hamstring injury prevention, although scientific evidence and insights on the exact nature of the core-hamstring association are nonexistent at present. HYPOTHESIS: The muscle activation pattern throughout the running cycle would not differ between participants based on injury occurrence during follow-up...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255567/an-ecological-study-of-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-part-2-functional-performance-tests-correlate-with-return-to-sport-outcomes
#9
Timothy M McGrath, Gordon Waddington, Jennie M Scarvell, Nick Ball, Rob Creer, Kevin Woods, Damian Smith, Roger Adams
BACKGROUND: Additional high-quality prospective studies are needed to better define the objective criteria used in relation to return-to-sport decisions after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in active populations. PURPOSE: To investigate prospectively the relationship between functional performance test results at 24 weeks postoperative and return-to-sport activity (Tegner activity score) at 12 and 24 months, respectively, after synthetic (ligament advanced reinforcement system [LARS]) and autograft (doubled semitendinosus/gracilis [2ST/2GR]) ACL reconstructions...
February 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249832/supporting-the-delivery-of-total-knee-replacements-care-for-both-patients-and-their-clinicians-with-a-mobile-app-and-web-based-tool-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#10
M Sazzad Hussain, Jane Li, Emily Brindal, Yasmin van Kasteren, Marlien Varnfield, Andrew Reeson, Shlomo Berkovsky, Jill Freyne
BACKGROUND: Total knee replacement (TKR) surgeries have increased in recent years. Exercise programs and other interventions following surgery can facilitate the recovery process. With limited clinician contact time, patients with TKR have a substantial burden of self-management and limited communication with their care team, thus often fail to implement an effective rehabilitation plan. OBJECTIVE: We have developed a digital orthopedic rehabilitation platform that comprises a mobile phone app, wearable activity tracker, and clinical Web portal in order to engage patients with self-management tasks for surgical preparation and recovery, thus addressing the challenges of adherence to and completion of TKR rehabilitation...
March 1, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227710/monitoring-of-paces-and-gaits-using-binary-pir-sensors-with-rehabilitation-treadmill
#11
Jiang Lu, Ting Zhang, Qingquan Sun, Sanobar Kadiwal, Ishaq Unwala, Fei Hu, Jiang Lu, Ting Zhang, Qingquan Sun, Sanobar Kadiwal, Ishaq Unwala, Fei Hu, Ting Zhang, Ishaq Unwala, Qingquan Sun, Jiang Lu, Sanobar Kadiwal, Fei Hu
Recently, rehabilitation treadmills are designed for helping injured persons such as stroke patients and injury athletes in the process of physical therapy. By monitoring the changes of paces and gaits, one can estimate the progress of rehabilitation. At present, most devices that can estimate paces and gaits are wearable and/or expensive. This paper presents an inexpensive, non-intrusive wireless binary sensor system for pace estimation and lower-extreme gait recognition with low data throughput and high energy efficiency...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227608/a-triboelectric-motion-sensor-in-wearable-body-sensor-network-for-human-activity-recognition
#12
Hui Huang, Xian Li, Ye Sun, Hui Huang, Xian Li, Ye Sun, Ye Sun, Hui Huang, Xian Li
The goal of this study is to design a novel triboelectric motion sensor in wearable body sensor network for human activity recognition. Physical activity recognition is widely used in well-being management, medical diagnosis and rehabilitation. Other than traditional accelerometers, we design a novel wearable sensor system based on triboelectrification. The triboelectric motion sensor can be easily attached to human body and collect motion signals caused by physical activities. The experiments are conducted to collect five common activity data: sitting and standing, walking, climbing upstairs, downstairs, and running...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217445/the-controversy-surrounding-penile-rehabilitation-after-radical-prostatectomy
#13
REVIEW
Jonathan Clavell-Hernández, Run Wang
Radical prostatectomy (RP) techniques have been refined in the last few decades. Despite nerve-sparing surgery, erectile dysfunction (ED) still seems to be affecting more than half of patients undergoing RP. Penile rehabilitation consists of understanding the mechanisms that affect erectile function (EF) and utilizing pharmacologic agents, devices or interventions to promote male sexual function before and after any insult to the penile erectile physiologic axis. There currently is a limited amount of clinical trials that assess treatments with the goal of recovering post-prostatectomy EF...
February 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186914/design-and-validation-of-a-biofeedback-device-to-improve-heel-to-toe-gait-in-seniors
#14
Abhishek Vadnerkar, Sabrina Figueiredo, Nancy Mayo, Robert Kearney
A feature of healthy human walking gait is a clearly defined heel-strike at initial contact, known as heel-to-toe gait. However, a common consequence of ageing is the deterioration of this heel first gait towards a flat foot, or 'shuffling' gait. This leads to a shortened stride length, slowed gait speed, and an increased fall risk. Shuffling gait is normally treated by physiotherapy, however, therapist time is limited and training is restricted to a clinical environment. Gait rehabilitation could be expedited with the use of a device that distinguishes between heel-to-toe and shuffling gait and gives feedback to the user...
February 7, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176012/implicit-learning-of-a-finger-motor-sequence-by-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-after-neurofeedback
#15
Ana Alves-Pinto, Varvara Turova, Tobias Blumenstein, Conny Hantuschke, Renée Lampe
Facilitation of implicit learning of a hand motor sequence after a single session of neurofeedback training of alpha power recorded from the motor cortex has been shown in healthy individuals (Ros et al., Biological Psychology 95:54-58, 2014). This facilitation effect could be potentially applied to improve the outcome of rehabilitation in patients with impaired hand motor function. In the current study a group of ten patients diagnosed with cerebral palsy trained reduction of alpha power derived from brain activity recorded from right and left motor areas...
February 7, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167961/real-time-fall-risk-assessment-using-functional-reach-test
#16
Brian Williams, Brandon Allen, Zhen Hu, Hanna True, Jin Cho, Austin Harris, Nancy Fell, Mina Sartipi
Falls are common and dangerous for survivors of stroke at all stages of recovery. The widespread need to assess fall risk in real time for individuals after stroke has generated emerging requests for a reliable, inexpensive, quantifiable, and remote clinical measure/tool. In order to meet these requests, we explore the Functional Reach Test (FRT) for real-time fall risk assessment and implement the FRT function in mStroke, a real-time and automatic mobile health system for poststroke recovery and rehabilitation...
2017: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166116/cerebral-blood-flow-responses-to-aquatic-treadmill-exercise
#17
Rhodri Parfitt, Marianne Y Hensman, Samuel J E Lucas
INTRODUCTION: Aquatic treadmills are used as a rehabilitation method for conditions such as spinal cord injury, osteoarthritis and stroke, and can facilitate an earlier return to exercise training for athletes. However, their effect on cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses has not been examined. We tested the hypothesis that aquatic treadmill exercise would augment CBF and lower heart rate compared to land-based treadmill exercise. METHODS: Eleven participants completed incremental exercise (crossover design) starting from walking pace [4 km/h, immersed to iliac crest (aquatic), 6 km/h (land)] and increasing 1 km/h every 2 min up to 10 km/h for aquatic (maximum belt speed) or 12 km/h for land...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161076/vacuum-erectile-device-for-rehabilitation-after-radical-prostatectomy
#18
Run Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134133/a-model-for-differential-leg-joint-function-during-human-running
#19
Mu Qiao, James J Abbas, Devin L Jindrich
Locomotion requires coordination of leg joints to maintain stability and to maneuver. We studied leg joint function during constant-average-velocity running and the sagittal-plane maneuvers of step ascent and descent. We tested two hypotheses: (1) that leg joints perform distinct functions during locomotion; and (2) that humans select functional parameters to maximize intrinsic dynamic stability. We recorded whole-body kinematics and forces when participants stepped up or down a single vertical step, and found that leg joints show functional differences during both constant-average-velocity locomotion and maneuvers...
January 30, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127776/the-prognosis-of-stroke-survivors-primarily-discharged-to-their-homes
#20
S M Mathisen, J P Larsen, M W Kurz
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is one of the leading causes for nursing home placement (NHP). We have studied the prognosis and risk factors regarding NHP for stroke patients initially discharged to their homes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All stroke patients in the municipality of Stavanger, Norway, between January 1, 1996, and March 31, 2004, were included and followed until death or May 31, 2012. Time intervals for NHP and death were compared to an age- and sex-matched, stroke-free control cohort...
January 27, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
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