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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901247/anabolic-steroids-for-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-in-older-people
#1
Vaqas Farooqi, Maayken E L van den Berg, Ian D Cameron, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture occurs predominantly in older people, many of whom are frail and undernourished. After hip fracture surgery and rehabilitation, most patients experience a decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, have been used in combination with exercise to improve muscle mass and strength in athletes. They may have similar effects in older people who are recovering from hip fracture. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects (primarily in terms of functional outcome and adverse events) of anabolic steroids after surgical treatment of hip fracture in older people...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891433/the-clinical-presentation-and-outcome-of-the-institutionalized-wandering-mentally-ill-in-india
#2
Gaurav Singh, Nilima Shah, Ritambhara Mehta
INTRODUCTION: There are estimated 400,000 wandering mentally ill persons in India, found in poor physical state wandering on streets and railway stations; mainly treated either by government run Hospitals for Mental Health (HMH) or Psychiatry units of a Government Medical College (GMC). They require psychosocial rehabilitation along with treatment. AIM: To study the presentation, clinical profile and rehabilitative outcome of wandering mentally ill admitted in government psychiatric care facilities...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891062/results-from-10-years-of-a-cbt-pain-self-management-outpatient-program-for-complex-chronic-conditions
#3
Kathryn A Boschen, Edward Robinson, Kent A Campbell, Sarah Muir, Elvina Oey, Kristen Janes, Samantha R Fashler, Joel Katz
Background. Traditional unimodal interventions may be insufficient for treating complex pain, as they do not address cognitive and behavioural contributors to pain. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and physical exercise (PE) are empirically supported treatments that can reduce pain and improve quality of life. Objectives. To examine the outcomes of a pain self-management outpatient program based on CBT and PE at a rehabilitation hospital in Toronto, Ontario. Methods. The pain management group (PMG) consisted of 20 sessions over 10 weeks...
2016: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886944/osteoarthritis-models-for-appropriate-care-across-the-disease-continuum
#4
REVIEW
Kelli D Allen, Peter F Choong, Aileen M Davis, Michelle M Dowsey, Krysia S Dziedzic, Carolyn Emery, David J Hunter, Elena Losina, Alexandra E Page, Ewa M Roos, Søren T Skou, Carina A Thorstensson, Martin van der Esch, Jackie L Whittaker
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of pain and disability worldwide. Despite the existence of evidence-based treatments and guidelines, substantial gaps remain in the quality of OA management. There is underutilization of behavioral and rehabilitative strategies to prevent and treat OA as well as a lack of processes to tailor treatment selection according to patient characteristics and preferences. There are emerging efforts in multiple countries to implement models of OA care, particularly focused on improving nonsurgical management...
June 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863044/exercise-for-healthy-flow
#5
EDITORIAL
P Hillmeister, E Buschmann, P B Persson, A Bondke Persson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2016: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857002/reviewing-outcomes-of-psychological-interventions-with-torture-survivors-conceptual-methodological-and-ethical-issues
#6
Nimisha Patel, Amanda C de C Williams, Blerina Kellezi
BACKGROUND: Torture survivors face multiple problems, including psychological difficulties, whether they are refugees or remain in the country where they were tortured. Provision of rehabilitation varies not only with the needs of survivors and resources available, but also with service models, service provider preferences and the local and country context. Despite increasing efforts in research on effectiveness of psychological interventions with torture survivors, results are inconclusive...
2016: Torture: Quarterly Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822083/the-danish-cardiac-rehabilitation-database
#7
REVIEW
Ann-Dorthe Zwisler, Henriette Knold Rossau, Anne Nakano, Sussie Foghmar, Regina Eichhorst, Eva Prescott, Charlotte Cerqueira, Anne Merete Boas Soja, Gunnar H Gislason, Mogens Lytken Larsen, Ulla Overgaard Andersen, Ida Gustafsson, Kristian K Thomsen, Lene Boye Hansen, Signe Hammer, Lone Viggers, Bo Christensen, Birgitte Kvist, Cecilie Lindström Egholm, Ole May
AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish Cardiac Rehabilitation Database (DHRD) aims to improve the quality of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) to the benefit of patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). STUDY POPULATION: Hospitalized patients with CHD with stenosis on coronary angiography treated with percutaneous coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting, or medication alone. Reporting is mandatory for all hospitals in Denmark delivering CR. The database was initially implemented in 2013 and was fully running from August 14, 2015, thus comprising data at a patient level from the latter date onward...
2016: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798366/longer-term-effects-of-home-based-exercise-interventions-on-exercise-capacity-and-physical-activity-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Jomme Claes, Roselien Buys, Werner Budts, Neil Smart, Véronique A Cornelissen
BACKGROUND: Exercise-based cardiovascular rehabilitation (CR) improves exercise capacity (EC), lowers cardiovascular risk profile and increases physical functioning in the short term. However, uptake of and adherence to a physically active lifestyle in the long run remain problematic. Home-based (HB) exercise programmes have been introduced in an attempt to enhance long-term adherence to recommended levels of physical activity (PA). The current systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the longer-term effects of HB exercise programmes with usual care (UC) or centre-based (CB) CR in patients referred for CR...
October 26, 2016: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793074/validation-of-the-participation-strategies-self-efficacy-scale-ps-ses
#9
Danbi Lee, Louis Fogg, Carolyn M Baum, Timothy J Wolf, Joy Hammel
PURPOSE: To develop and examine the psychometric properties of a newly developed Participation Strategies Self-Efficacy Scale (PS-SES) designed to assess self-efficacy in using participation strategies following a stroke. METHOD: One hundred and sixty-six subjects with mild to moderate stroke were recruited and interviewed using the PS-SES. The principal axis factoring analysis was run to examine the factor structure, and internal consistency was assessed by computing Cronbach's alpha coefficient...
October 28, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784200/prevalence-of-incomplete-functional-and-symptomatic-recovery-among-patients-with-head-injury-but-brain-injury-debatable-hibrid-running-title-outcomes-in-patients-with-head-injury-but-brain-injury-debatable
#10
Frederick Kofi Korley, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Hayley J Falk, Matthew E Peters, Jeannie-Marie S Leoutsakos, Durga Roy, Vani Rao, Haris I Sair, Uju Ofoche, Anna J Hall, Freshta Akbari, Timothy E Van Meter, Allen D Everett, Jennifer Van Eyk, Kathleen T Bechtold
Head injury patients not meeting the American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine (ACRM)'s criteria for mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), referred to hereafter as HIBRID (Head Injury BRain Injury Debatable) are often excluded from studies. The prognostic importance of HIBRID is unclear. We investigated the differences in functional and symptomatic recovery at one month after injury among TBI patients classified as: HIBRID, ACRM+ cranial CT-, and cranial CT+; and trauma and healthy controls. Subjects were enrolled in an ongoing prospective cohort (Head Injury Serum Markers for Assessing Response to Trauma, HeadSMART)...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770853/external-mechanical-devices-and-vascular-surgery-for-erectile-dysfunction
#11
Landon W Trost, Ricardo Munarriz, Run Wang, Allen Morey, Laurence Levine
INTRODUCTION: The field of sexual medicine is continuously advancing, with novel outcomes reported on a regular basis. Given the rapid evolution, updated guidelines are essential to inform practicing clinicians on best practices. AIM: To summarize the current literature and provide clinical guidelines on penile traction therapy, vacuum erection devices, and penile revascularization. METHODS: A consensus panel was held with leading sexual medicine experts during the 2015 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine (ICSM)...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766476/modelling-drug-abuse-epidemics-in-the-presence-of-limited-rehabilitation-capacity
#12
J Mushanyu, F Nyabadza, G Muchatibaya, A G R Stewart
The abuse of drugs is now an epidemic globally whose control has been mainly through rehabilitation. The demand for drug abuse rehabilitation has not been matched with the available capacity resulting in limited placement of addicts into rehabilitation. In this paper, we model limited rehabilitation through the Hill function incorporated into a system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Not every member of the community is equally likely to embark on drug use, risk structure is included to help differentiate those more likely (high risk) to abuse drugs and those less likely (low risk) to abuse drugs...
October 20, 2016: Bulletin of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755283/hip-biomechanics-are-altered-in-male-runners-with-achilles-tendinopathy
#13
Mark W Creaby, Conor Honeywill, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Anthony G Schache, Kay M Crossley
PURPOSE: Achilles tendinopathy (AT) is a prevalent injury in running sports. Understanding the biomechanical factors associated with AT will assist in its management and prevention. The purpose of this study was to compare hip and ankle kinematics and kinetics in runners with and without AT. METHODS: Fourteen male runners with AT and eleven healthy male runners (CTRL) ran over-ground whilst lower-limb joint motion and ground reaction force data were synchronously captured...
October 17, 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744106/high-compared-to-low-arched-athletes-exhibit-smaller-knee-abduction-moments-in-walking-and-running
#14
Douglas W Powell, Samantha Andrews, Cris Stickley, D S Blaise Williams
: High- (HA) and low-arched athletes (LA) experience distinct injury patterns. These injuries are the result of the interaction of structure and biomechanics. A suggested mechanism of patellofemoral pain pertains to frontal plane knee moments which may be exaggerated in LA athletes. We hypothesize that LA athletes will exhibit greater peak knee abduction moments than high-arched athletes. METHODS: Twenty healthy female recreational athletes (10HA and 10LA) performed five over-ground barefoot walking and five barefoot running trials at a self-selected velocity while three-dimensional kinematics and ground reaction forces were recorded...
December 2016: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693807/an-image-processing-based-technique-to-obtain-instantaneous-horizontal-walking-and-running-speed
#15
Akinori Nagano, Masahiro Fujimoto, Shoma Kudo, Ryosuke Akaguma
Walking and running speed is a fundamental parameter studied in a wide range of areas such as sport biomechanics, rehabilitation, health promotion of the elderly, etc. Given that walking or running speed is not constant even within a stride, instantaneous changes in the body motion need to be evaluated to better understand one's performance. In this study, a new cost- and time- efficient methodology to determine instantaneous horizontal walking and running speed was developed. The newly developed method processes the movies taken with a (high-speed) camera...
September 16, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663903/mindful-creativity-matters-trajectories-of-reported-functioning-after-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-as-a-function-of-mindful-creativity-in-patients-relatives-a-multilevel-analysis
#16
Chiara S Haller, Colin M Bosma, Kush Kapur, Ross Zafonte, Ellen J Langer
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present investigation was to examine the association of mindful creativity with the trajectory of recovery (emotional, interpersonal, cognitive, and total functioning) of patients with severe TBI. METHODS: This was drawn from a subsample of an adult prospective cohort study on severe TBI in Switzerland; patients and their relatives were assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months (patients N = 176, relatives N = 176). Predictor measures were assessed using Mindful Creativity Scale-short form and time (trajectory of functioning of the patient over time)...
September 23, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659086/intricate-assessment-and-evaluation-of-effect-of-bruxism-on-long-term-survival-and-failure-of-dental-implants-a-comparative-study
#17
Kajal Yadav, Abhishek Nagpal, S K Agarwal, Aarti Kochhar
INTRODUCTION: Dental implants are one of the common lines of treatment used for the treatment of missing tooth. Various risk factors are responsible for the failure of the dental implants and occurrence of postoperative complications. Bruxism is one such factor responsible for the failure of the dental implants. The actual relation between bruxism and dental implants is a subject of long-term controversy. Hence, we carried out this retrospective analysis to assess the complications occurring in dental implants in patients with and without bruxism...
2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649188/a-self-powered-insole-for-human-motion-recognition
#18
Yingzhou Han, Yalu Cao, Jingjing Zhao, Yajiang Yin, Liangchen Ye, Xiaofeng Wang, Zheng You
Biomechanical energy harvesting is a feasible solution for powering wearable sensors by directly driving electronics or acting as wearable self-powered sensors. A wearable insole that not only can harvest energy from foot pressure during walking but also can serve as a self-powered human motion recognition sensor is reported. The insole is designed as a sandwich structure consisting of two wavy silica gel film separated by a flexible piezoelectric foil stave, which has higher performance compared with conventional piezoelectric harvesters with cantilever structure...
2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636359/a-comparison-of-independent-event-related-desynchronization-responses-in-motor-related-brain-areas-to-movement-execution-movement-imagery-and-movement-observation
#19
Jeng-Ren Duann, Jin-Chern Chiou
Electroencephalographic (EEG) event-related desynchronization (ERD) induced by movement imagery or by observing biological movements performed by someone else has recently been used extensively for brain-computer interface-based applications, such as applications used in stroke rehabilitation training and motor skill learning. However, the ERD responses induced by the movement imagery and observation might not be as reliable as the ERD responses induced by movement execution. Given that studies on the reliability of the EEG ERD responses induced by these activities are still lacking, here we conducted an EEG experiment with movement imagery, movement observation, and movement execution, performed multiple times each in a pseudorandomized order in the same experimental runs...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609849/psychological-impact-of-injuries-sustained-in-motor-vehicle-crashes-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Ashley Craig, Yvonne Tran, Rebecca Guest, Bamini Gopinath, Jagnoor Jagnoor, Richard A Bryant, Alex Collie, Robyn Tate, Justin Kenardy, James W Middleton, Ian Cameron
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the psychological impact associated with motor vehicle crash (MVC)-related physical injuries. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: Multiple search engines included MEDLINE (via OVID), PsycINFO and Embase, and studies were sourced from scientific journals, conference papers and doctoral theses. STUDY SELECTION: A high-yield search strategy was employed...
2016: BMJ Open
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