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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186914/design-and-validation-of-a-biofeedback-device-to-improve-heel-to-toe-gait-in-seniors
#1
Abhishek Vadnerkar, Sabrina Figueiredo, Nancy Mayo, Robert Kearney
A feature of healthy human walking gait is a clearly defined heel-strike at initial contact, known as heel-to-toe gait. However, a common consequence of ageing is the deterioration of this heel first gait towards a flat foot, or 'shuffling' gait. This leads to a shortened stride length, slowed gait speed, and an increased fall risk. Shuffling gait is normally treated by physiotherapy, however, therapist time is limited and training is restricted to a clinical environment. Gait rehabilitation could be expedited with the use of a device that distinguishes between heel-to-toe and shuffling gait and gives feedback to the user...
February 7, 2017: IEEE Journal of Biomedical and Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176012/implicit-learning-of-a-finger-motor-sequence-by-patients-with-cerebral-palsy-after-neurofeedback
#2
Ana Alves-Pinto, Varvara Turova, Tobias Blumenstein, Conny Hantuschke, Renée Lampe
Facilitation of implicit learning of a hand motor sequence after a single session of neurofeedback training of alpha power recorded from the motor cortex has been shown in healthy individuals (Ros et al., Biological Psychology 95:54-58, 2014). This facilitation effect could be potentially applied to improve the outcome of rehabilitation in patients with impaired hand motor function. In the current study a group of ten patients diagnosed with cerebral palsy trained reduction of alpha power derived from brain activity recorded from right and left motor areas...
February 7, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167961/real-time-fall-risk-assessment-using-functional-reach-test
#3
Brian Williams, Brandon Allen, Zhen Hu, Hanna True, Jin Cho, Austin Harris, Nancy Fell, Mina Sartipi
Falls are common and dangerous for survivors of stroke at all stages of recovery. The widespread need to assess fall risk in real time for individuals after stroke has generated emerging requests for a reliable, inexpensive, quantifiable, and remote clinical measure/tool. In order to meet these requests, we explore the Functional Reach Test (FRT) for real-time fall risk assessment and implement the FRT function in mStroke, a real-time and automatic mobile health system for poststroke recovery and rehabilitation...
2017: International Journal of Telemedicine and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166116/cerebral-blood-flow-responses-to-aquatic-treadmill-exercise
#4
Rhodri Parfitt, Marianne Y Hensman, Samuel J E Lucas
INTRODUCTION: Aquatic treadmills are used as a rehabilitation method for conditions such as spinal cord injury, osteoarthritis and stroke, and can facilitate an earlier return to exercise training for athletes. However, their effect on cerebral blood flow (CBF) responses has not been examined. We tested the hypothesis that aquatic treadmill exercise would augment CBF and lower heart rate compared to land-based treadmill exercise. METHODS: Eleven participants completed incremental exercise (crossover design) starting from walking pace [4 km/h, immersed to iliac crest (aquatic), 6 km/h (land)] and increasing 1 km/h every 2 min up to 10 km/h for aquatic (maximum belt speed) or 12 km/h for land...
February 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161076/vacuum-erectile-device-for-rehabilitation-after-radical-prostatectomy
#5
Run Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134133/a-model-for-differential-leg-joint-function-during-human-running
#6
Mu Qiao, James J Abbas, Devin L Jindrich
Locomotion requires coordination of leg joints to maintain stability and to maneuver. We studied leg joint function during constant-average-velocity running and the sagittal-plane maneuvers of step ascent and descent. We tested two hypotheses: (1) that leg joints perform distinct functions during locomotion; and (2) that humans select functional parameters to maximize intrinsic dynamic stability. We recorded whole-body kinematics and forces when participants stepped up or down a single vertical step, and found that leg joints show functional differences during both constant-average-velocity locomotion and maneuvers...
January 30, 2017: Bioinspiration & Biomimetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127776/the-prognosis-of-stroke-survivors-primarily-discharged-to-their-homes
#7
S M Mathisen, J P Larsen, M W Kurz
OBJECTIVES: Stroke is one of the leading causes for nursing home placement (NHP). We have studied the prognosis and risk factors regarding NHP for stroke patients initially discharged to their homes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All stroke patients in the municipality of Stavanger, Norway, between January 1, 1996, and March 31, 2004, were included and followed until death or May 31, 2012. Time intervals for NHP and death were compared to an age- and sex-matched, stroke-free control cohort...
January 27, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127231/mechanical-ventilation-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-patients-with-acute-severe-respiratory-failure
#8
REVIEW
Zhongheng Zhang, Wan-Jie Gu, Kun Chen, Hongying Ni
Conventionally, a substantial number of patients with acute respiratory failure require mechanical ventilation (MV) to avert catastrophe of hypoxemia and hypercapnia. However, mechanical ventilation per se can cause lung injury, accelerating the disease progression. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) provides an alternative to rescue patients with severe respiratory failure that conventional mechanical ventilation fails to maintain adequate gas exchange. The physiology behind ECMO and its interaction with MV were reviewed...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116414/cognitive-training-through-mhealth-for-individuals-with-substance-use-disorder
#9
Pedro Gamito, Jorge Oliveira, Paulo Lopes, Rodrigo Brito, Diogo Morais, Cristina Caçoete, André Leandro, Teresa Almeida, Hugo Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Heroin addiction has a negative impact on cognitive functions, and even recovering addicts suffer from cognitive impairment. Recent approaches to cognitive intervention have been taking advantage of what new technologies have to offer. OBJECTIVES: We report a study testing the efficacy of a serious games approach using tablets to stimulate and rehabilitate cognitive functions in recovering addicts. METHODS: A small-scale cognitive training program with serious games was run with a sample of 14 male heroin addicts undergoing a rehabilitation program...
January 24, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116276/is-early-weight-bearing-allowed-in-surgically-treated-talar-neck-fractures
#10
P H S Kalmet, S Sanduleanu, Y Y V Horn, M Poeze, P R G Brink
INTRODUCTION: Non-or partial weight bearing is frequently the standard treatment after peri-articular lower extremity fractures. Displaced talar neck fractures are severe injuries compromising vascularity of the corpus and consequently are at risk for non-union and avascular necrosis, the main reason to restrict weight bearing for up to three months according to most literature. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 31-year old male with a high impact car accident...
July 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098503/relationship-between-perceived-competence-and-performance-during-real-and-virtual-motor-tasks-by-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder
#11
Batya Engel-Yeger, Rotem Sido, Aviva Mimouni-Bloch, Patrice L Weiss
PURPOSE: (i) To compare children with DCD and typically developing participants via standard motor assessments, two interactive virtual games, measures of physical, social and cognitive self-competence and feedback while playing the virtual games and (ii) To examine the contribution of age and each motor assessment to predict self-competence. METHODS: Participants were 25 boys with DCD and 25 typically developing boys, aged 5-9 years. They completed the M-ABC-2, the Pictorial Scale of Perceived Competence, the 6-Minute Walk Test, and then played the two Kinect games and completed the Short Feedback Questionnaire for Children...
January 18, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067245/effect-of-hierarchically-aligned-fibrin-hydrogel-in-regeneration-of-spinal-cord-injury-demonstrated-by-tractography-a-pilot-study
#12
Zhenxia Zhang, Shenglian Yao, Sheng Xie, Xiumei Wang, Feiyan Chang, Jie Luo, Jingming Wang, Jun Fu
Some studies have reported that scaffold or cell-based transplantation may improve functional recovery following SCI, but no imaging information regarding regeneration has been provided to date. This study used tractography to show the regenerating process induced by a new biomaterial-aligned fibrin hydrogel (AFG). A total of eight canines subjected to SCI procedures were assigned to the control or the AFG group. AFG was implanted into the SCI lesion immediately after injury in 5 canines. A follow-up was performed at 12 weeks to evaluate the therapeutic effect including the hindlimb functional recovery, anisotropy and continuity of fibers on tractography...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992539/kinetics-and-muscle-activity-patterns-during-unweighting-and-reloading-transition-phases-in-running
#13
Patrick Sainton, Caroline Nicol, Jan Cabri, Joëlle Barthèlemy-Montfort, Pascale Chavet
Amongst reduced gravity simulators, the lower body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmill is emerging as an innovative tool for both rehabilitation and fundamental research purposes as it allows running while experiencing reduced vertical ground reaction forces. The appropriate use of such a treadmill requires an improved understanding of the associated neuromechanical changes. This study concentrates on the runner's adjustments to LBPP-induced unweighting and reloading during running. Nine healthy males performed two running series of nine minutes at natural speed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992260/a-three-week-unexpected-disturbance-program-improves-physical-performance-of-elite-female-athletes
#14
Jorg Teichmann, Edin K Suwarganda, C Martyn Beaven, Kim Hébert-Losier, Lee Jin Wei, Florencio Tenllado Vallejo, Philip Lew Chun Foong, Ramlan Abdul Aziz, Yeo Wee Kian, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher
CONTEXT: Sensorimotor training is commonly used in a rehabilitative setting; however, the effectiveness of an unexpected disturbance program (UDP) to enhance performance measures in uninjured elite athletes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a three-week UDP program on strength, power, and proprioceptive measures. DESIGN: Matched-group, pre- post design. SETTING: National Sports Institute. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one international-level female field hockey athletes...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931205/assessment-of-near-visual-acuity-in-0-13-year-olds-with-normal-and-low-vision-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Bianca Huurneman, F Nienke Boonstra
BACKGROUND: The inclusion for rehabilitation of visually impaired children is partly based on the measurement of near vision, but guidelines for near visual acuity assessment are currently lacking. The twofold purpose of this systematic review was to: (i) provide an overview of the impact of the chart design on near visual acuity measured, and (ii) determine the method of choice for near vision assessments in children of different developmental ages. METHODS: A literature search was conducted by using the following electronic databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE...
December 8, 2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930803/pulmonary-rehabilitation-following-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#16
REVIEW
Milo A Puhan, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Christopher J Cates, Thierry Troosters
BACKGROUND: Guidelines have provided positive recommendations for pulmonary rehabilitation after exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but recent studies indicate that postexacerbation rehabilitation may not always be effective in patients with unstable COPD. OBJECTIVES: To assess effects of pulmonary rehabilitation after COPD exacerbations on hospital admissions (primary outcome) and other patient-important outcomes (mortality, health-related quality of life (HRQL) and exercise capacity)...
8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926681/influence-of-immediate-and-delayed-lower-limb-amputation-compared-with-lower-limb-salvage-on-functional-and-mental-health-outcomes-post-rehabilitation-in-the-u-k-military
#17
Peter Ladlow, Rhodri Phillip, Russell Coppack, John Etherington, James Bilzon, M Polly McGuigan, Alexander N Bennett
BACKGROUND: Medical practitioners face difficult decisions over whether to amputate or to salvage a lower limb that has undergone trauma. To our knowledge, there has been little evidence reporting the impact of different surgical decisions on functional and mental health outcomes following intensive rehabilitation that might inform decision-making. METHODS: This study is a retrospective, independent-group comparison of rehabilitation outcomes from a U.K. military complex trauma rehabilitation center...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920726/hrvanalysis-a-free-software-for-analyzing-cardiac-autonomic-activity
#18
Vincent Pichot, Frédéric Roche, Sébastien Celle, Jean-Claude Barthélémy, Florian Chouchou
Since the pioneering studies of the 1960s, heart rate variability (HRV) has become an increasingly used non-invasive tool for examining cardiac autonomic functions and dysfunctions in various populations and conditions. Many calculation methods have been developed to address these issues, each with their strengths and weaknesses. Although, its interpretation may remain difficult, this technique provides, from a non-invasive approach, reliable physiological information that was previously inaccessible, in many fields including death and health prediction, training and overtraining, cardiac and respiratory rehabilitation, sleep-disordered breathing, large cohort follow-ups, children's autonomic status, anesthesia, or neurophysiological studies...
2016: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918652/does-short-duration-heat-exposure-at-a-matched-cardiovascular-intensity-improve-intermittent-running-performance-in-a-cool-environment
#19
Calvin P Philp, Martin Buchheit, Cecilia M Kitic, Christopher T Minson, James W Fell
PURPOSE: To investigate whether a five-day cycling training block in the heat (35°C) in Australian rules footballers was superior to exercising at the same relative intensity in cool conditions (15°C) for improving intermittent running performance in a cool environment (<18°C). METHODS: Using a parallel-group design, 12 semi-professional football players performed five days of cycling exercise [70% heart rate reserve (HRR) for 45 min (5 x 50 min sessions in total)] in a hot (HEAT, 35±1°C, 56±9% RH) or cool environment (COOL, 15±3°C, 81±10% RH)...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901247/anabolic-steroids-for-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-in-older-people
#20
Vaqas Farooqi, Maayken E L van den Berg, Ian D Cameron, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture occurs predominantly in older people, many of whom are frail and undernourished. After hip fracture surgery and rehabilitation, most patients experience a decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, have been used in combination with exercise to improve muscle mass and strength in athletes. They may have similar effects in older people who are recovering from hip fracture. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects (primarily in terms of functional outcome and adverse events) of anabolic steroids after surgical treatment of hip fracture in older people...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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