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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329423/development-and-early-validation-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-to-assess-sleep-amongst-people-experiencing-problems-with-alcohol-or-other-drugs
#1
Joanne Neale, Silia Vitoratou, Paul Lennon, Robert Meadows, Sarah Nettleton, Daria Panebianco, John Strang, John Marsden
Study Objectives: To develop a patient reported outcome measure to assess sleep amongst people experiencing problems with alcohol or other drugs. Methods: Item development included secondary analyses of qualitative interviews with drug/alcohol users in residential treatment, a review of validated sleep measures, focus groups with drug/alcohol users in residential treatment, and feedback from drug/alcohol users recruited from community and residential settings. An initial version of the measure was completed by 549 current and former drug/alcohol users (442 in person [IP] and 107 online [OL])...
January 10, 2018: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327478/interventions-to-improve-working-conditions-of-nursing-staff-in-acute-care-hospitals-scoping-review
#2
Sergio Barrientos-Trigo, Laura Vega-Vázquez, Rocío De Diego-Cordero, Bárbara Badanta-Romero, Ana M Porcel-Gálvez
AIM: To conduct a scoping review to examine and map the interventions proposed for the improvement of the working conditions of nursing staff in acute care hospitals. BACKGROUND: The Registered Nurse Forecasting (RN4CAST) project and other studies have determined the impact that the nursing staff has on the quality of care. The nursing staff's higher levels of burnout, job dissatisfaction and negative perception of the quality of care provided caused worse health outcomes...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323576/preserving-the-reproductive-potential-of-transgender-and-intersex-people
#3
Sam Rowlands, Jean-Jacques Amy
BACKGROUND: The bodies of some transgender and intersex people have been mutilated and their minds subjected to immense distress. Their gender has often been determined by others. Loss of fertility used to be considered an inevitable consequence of treatment. OBJECTIVE: To review the issue of preserving the reproductive potential of transgender and intersex people. METHODS: A narrative review based on a wide-ranging search of the literature in multiple disciplines...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320877/-i-m-still-me-i-m-still-here-understanding-the-person-s-sense-of-self-in-the-provision-of-self-management-support-for-people-with-progressive-neurological-long-term-conditions
#4
Stefan Tino Kulnik, Lucinda Hollinshead, Fiona Jones
PURPOSE: There is increasing interest in tailoring self-management support, but little detail is available on the relevance and impact of such approaches for people with progressive neurological conditions. The aim of this study was to draw on individuals' experiences to inform the practice of self-management support for these groups. METHOD: Community rehabilitation service users were purposively recruited and took part in in-depth qualitative interviews. Interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed...
January 11, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316583/-foreign-body-ingestion-a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#5
Philipp Kasper, Fabian Kütting, Hans Anton Schlößer, Stefan Paul Mönig, Tobias Goeser, Natalie Jaspers
HISTORY AND FINDINGS UPON ADMISSION:  A 50-year-old man presented at the emergency unit with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant and dysuria. He described an increase in pain during micturition. EXAMINATIONS:  After multiple examinations (CT-scan, MR-scan, ileocolonoscopy) were performed to no avail, a toothpick was detected in the terminal ileum during an ultrasound scan of the small intestine. Prompted elevation of intra-abdominal pressure led to migration of the radiolucent sharp foreign body into the wall of the urinary bladder, inducing pain...
January 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315805/gender-specific-risk-factors-for-low-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-taking-antipsychotics-for-psychosis
#6
Min Jhon, Taeyoung Yoo, Ju-Yeon Lee, Seon-Young Kim, Jae-Min Kim, Il-Seon Shin, Lana Williams, Michael Berk, Jin-Sang Yoon, Sung-Wan Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study examined clinical and gender-specific risk factors for low bone mineral density (BMD) in adult patients with psychotic disorders. METHODS: The study included 285 community-dwelling patients with psychotic disorders. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to measure BMD. Clinical characteristics associated with low BMD were identified with logistic regression analysis in total population and each gender. RESULTS: Fifty-eight (20...
January 8, 2018: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309818/nonpharmacologic-interventions-for-improving-sleep-disturbances-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Dimitrios Papadopoulos, Apostolos Papadoudis, Maria Kiagia, Konstantinos Syrigos
CONTEXT: Lung cancer patients suffer from higher levels of sleep disturbances compared to other cancer patients and this leads to greater distress, poorer function and lower quality of life. Nonpharmacologic interventions have demonstrated improvements in the context of breast cancer but their efficacy in the lung cancer population is unclear. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to determine the effects of any nonpharmacologic intervention on sleep quality of lung cancer patients...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306937/the-effects-of-stress-and-meditation-on-the-immune-system-human-microbiota-and-epigenetics
#8
Ayman Mukerji Househam, Christine Tara Peterson, Deepak Chopra
Context • Globally, more than 25% of individuals are affected by anxiety and depression disorders. Meditation is gaining popularity in clinical settings and its treatment efficacy is being studied for a wide array of psychological and physiological ailments. An exploration of stress physiology is an essential precursor to delineation of the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects of meditation practices. Objective • The review outlines a model of interconnected physiological processes that might support the continued inclusion and expansion of meditation in the treatment of diverse medical conditions and to investigate the role that gut microbiota may play in realizing well-being through meditation...
October 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298716/persistently-high-psychological-well-being-predicts-better-hdl-cholesterol-and-triglyceride-levels-findings-from-the-midlife-in-the-u-s-midus-longitudinal-study
#9
Barry T Radler, Attilio Rigotti, Carol D Ryff
BACKGROUND: Psychological correlates of blood lipid levels have been previously evaluated mostly in cross sectional studies. However, prospectively measured psychological factors might also predict favorable blood lipid profiles, thereby indicating a healthy mind/body interplay that is associated with less disease, better health and longer lives. METHODS: This paper examined whether longitudinal profiles of psychological well-being over 9-10 years are predictors of blood lipid profiles...
January 3, 2018: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297983/impact-of-training-on-intensive-care-providers-attitudes-and-knowledge-regarding-limitation-of-life-support-treatment-and-organ-donation-after-circulatory-death
#10
Maria Del Mar Lomero, María F Jiménez-Herrera, Mireia Llaurado-Serra, María A Bodí, Nuria Masnou, Eva Oliver, Alberto Sandiumenge
The limitation of life-sustaining treatment is common practice in critical care units, and organ donation after circulatory death has come to be included as an option within this care plan. Lack of knowledge and misunderstandings can raise barriers between health-care providers (e.g., confusion about professional roles, lack of collaboration, doubts about the legality of the process, and not respecting patients' wishes in the decision-making process). The aim of the present study was to determine the knowledge and attitudes of intensive care physicians and nurses before and after a multidisciplinary online training program...
January 3, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283891/lee-geropalliative-caring-model-a-situation-specific-theory-for-older-adults
#11
Susan M Lee
This article describes the Lee Geropalliative Caring Model (GCM), a situation-specific theory that guides geropalliative care, defined as the care of older adults in the last 2 years of life. Underpinned by the theory of human caring, the GCM offers a framework for achieving the person/family outcome of well-being by suggesting caring interventions within 4 priority domains: aligning care, keeping safe, comforting body/mind/spirit, and facilitating transitions to persons with late-stage illness, including frailty and dementia...
December 27, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283878/occupational-cns-aspergillosis-in-an-immunocompetent-individual-a-diagnostic-challange
#12
Parul Punia, Nidhi Goel, Ishwar Singh, Uma Chaudhary
INTRODUCTION: Immunocompetent individuals are rarely affected by Aspergillus species and its prime importance lies in immunocompromised patients where it can cause disease, ranging from primarily pulmonary infections to dissemination anywhere in the body. Invasive aspergillosis (IA) occurs in patients with risk factors including prolonged neutropenia, neutrophil dysfunction, patient on cytotoxic drugs, steroid therapy, hematological malignancy, AIDS or in patients with bone marrow transplantation...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276113/ayurveda-and-the-science-of-aging
#13
REVIEW
Rammohan V Rao
Since time immemorial, humanity has been concerned with developing and preserving youthful vigor, and extending longevity by stopping or delaying the aging process. By 2030, one in five of the world population will be over 65 years old. Longevity and old age are accompanied with a variety of health challenges and population studies indicate that the elderly will use between three to five times more healthcare services compared to the younger population. Modern medicine has made a great deal of progress in understanding the aging process and in controlling age-associated health issues including heart attacks, strokes, diabetes, cancer, senility, and arthritis...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275505/the-impact-of-a-mind-body-program-on-multiple-dimensions-of-resiliency-among-geographically-diverse-patients-with-neurofibromatosis
#14
Emily L Zale, Catherine Pierre-Louis, Eric A Macklin, Eric Riklin, Ana-Maria Vranceanu
The neurofibromatoses (NF) are incurable genetic disorders that can cause nerve sheath tumors, chronic pain, and disfiguration. Patients with NF report lower quality of life and greater distress, and may benefit from programs that promote resiliency. To test effects of an 8-week mind-body program (Relaxation Response Resiliency Program for NF [3RP-NF]) on resiliency, using data derived from a larger randomized controlled trial of the 3RP-NF versus attention placebo control (Vranceanu et al. in Neurology 87:806-814, 2016)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261339/effects-of-a-mindfulness-task-on-women-s-sexual-response
#15
Julia Velten, Jürgen Margraf, Meredith L Chivers, Lori A Brotto
Mindfulness-based interventions are effective at improving symptoms of sexual dysfunction in women. The mechanisms by which mindfulness improves sexual function are less clear. The main objective of our study was to investigate the impact of a mindfulness task on sexual response in women. Forty-one women (mean age = 27.2, SD = 5.6) participated in two laboratory sessions that each included two erotic films and one attention task that were presented in counterbalanced order. Both attention tasks consisted of a six-minute audio recording of either a modified body scan, focusing on genital arousal sensations (mindfulness condition), or a visualization exercise...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260596/transverse-myelitis-following-methotrexate-treatment-of-ectopic-pregnancy-a-case-report
#16
Gabriel Levin, Henry H Chill, Amihai Rottenstreich
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic pregnancy is a common condition in the field of gynaecology, often treated with methotrexate. Adverse effects are common and usually mild. Severe adverse events are rare amongst patients treated with MTX for this condition. CASE: A 26-year-old healthy woman was admitted and treated medically with MTX for an ectopic pregnancy. The patient was treated in the standard drug labelled protocol with an intramuscular injection of 78 mg of MTX according to body surface area...
December 20, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251748/-disturbances-of-the-body-image-a-cultural-and-historical-comparison-between-the-glass-delusion-and-body-dysmorphic-disorder
#17
E I Müller
background Research on body dysmorphic disorder (bdd) shows that many debates in the field of psychology, sociology and philosophy already focus on the ways 'ideals of the perfect body' influence this disorder. However, more work needs to be done on the question in what ways bdd is culturally, historically and technologically mediated. AIM: To argue that norms and values of the perfect body and the ways a society prescribes how body and mind should be related, are technologically mediated through different time frames, which influence disorders of disturbances of the body image...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250012/the-effectiveness-of-a-body-affective-mindfulness-intervention-for-multiple-sclerosis-patients-with-depressive-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#18
Sara Carletto, Valentina Tesio, Martina Borghi, Diana Francone, Francesco Scavelli, Gabriella Bertino, Simona Malucchi, Antonio Bertolotto, Francesco Oliva, Riccardo Torta, Luca Ostacoli
Purpose: Mindfulness interventions have been shown to treat depressive symptoms and improve quality of life in patients with several chronic diseases, including multiple sclerosis, but to date most evaluation of the effectiveness of mindfulness interventions in multiple sclerosis have used patients receiving standard care as the control group. Hence we decided to evaluate the effectiveness of a group-based body-affective mindfulness intervention by comparing it with a psycho-educational intervention, by means of a randomized controlled clinical trial...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248943/edentulism-and-its-relationship-with-self-rated-health-secondary-analysis-of-the-sabe-ecuador-2009-study
#19
Miguel Germán Borda, Nicolás Castellanos-Perilla, Judy Andrea Patiño, Sandra Castelblanco, Carlos Alberto Cano, Diego Chavarro-Carvajal, Mario U Pérez-Zepeda
Edentulism is related to a number of conditions in older adults, impacting their overall health status and thus their quality of life and relationship with the environment. At the same time, self-rated health has been shown to be an accurate marker of overall health status. However there is little information on how edentulism relates to self-rated health in older adults of Hispanic origin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of edentulism on self-rated health in older adults. We analyzed data from SABE Ecuador 2009, a cross-sectional study that included a probabilistic representative sample of 5, 235 community-dwelling older adults aged 60 years or older...
August 2017: Acta Odontológica Latinoamericana: AOL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247735/a-prospective-study-of-adolescents-body-dysmorphic-symptoms-peer-victimization-and-the-direct-and-protective-roles-of-emotion-regulation-and-mindfulness
#20
Cassie H Lavell, Haley J Webb, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Lara J Farrell
In this study, we examined whether peer appearance-related victimization was associated with adolescents' increasing body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) symptoms over 12 months. Also, given emotion regulation and mindfulness have been associated with less body dissatisfaction, we expected that they would protect against the negative impact of peer victimization on BDD symptoms. Participants were 367 Australian adolescents (Mage = 13 years). In multiple regressions, two aspects of emotion regulation, strategies and clarity, and two components of mindfulness, acting with awareness and being non-judgmental, were uniquely associated with fewer BDD symptoms at T2 relative to T1...
December 13, 2017: Body Image
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