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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106552/meditation-and-music-improve-memory-and-cognitive-function-in-adults-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Kim E Innes, Terry Kit Selfe, Dharma Singh Khalsa, Sahiti Kandati
BACKGROUND: While effective therapies for preventing or slowing cognitive decline in at-risk populations remain elusive, evidence suggests mind-body interventions may hold promise. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we assessed the effects of Kirtan Kriya meditation (KK) and music listening (ML) on cognitive outcomes in adults experiencing subjective cognitive decline (SCD), a strong predictor of Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Sixty participants with SCD were randomized to a KK or ML program and asked to practice 12 minutes/day for 3 months, then at their discretion for the ensuing 3 months...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105523/a-mindful-self-compassion-videoconference-intervention-for-nationally-recruited-posttreatment-young-adult-cancer-survivors-feasibility-acceptability-and-psychosocial-outcomes
#2
Rebecca A Campo, Karen Bluth, Sheila J Santacroce, Sarah Knapik, Julia Tan, Stuart Gold, Kamaira Philips, Susan Gaylord, Gary N Asher
PURPOSE: Young adult (YA) cancer survivors report substantial distress, social isolation, and body image concerns that can impede successful reintegration into life years after treatment completion. Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) interventions focus on developing mindfulness and self-compassion for managing distress, hardships, and perceived personal inadequacies. An MSC intervention would be beneficial in supporting YA survivors' management of psychosocial challenges that arise in survivorship; however, a telehealth intervention modality is essential for reaching this geographically dispersed population...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105067/current-state-and-future-prospects-for-psychosomatic-medicine-in-japan
#3
REVIEW
Masato Murakami, Yoshihide Nakai
In this article, we describe the history and current state of psychosomatic medicine (PSM) in Japan and propose measures that could be considered based on our view of the future prospects of PSM in Japan. The Japanese Society of PSM (JSPM) was established in 1959, and the first Department of Psychosomatic Internal Medicine in Japan was established at Kyushu University In 1963. PSM in Japan has shown a prominent, unique development, with 3,300 members (as of March 2016), comprised of 71.6% of medical doctors including psychosomatic internal medicine (PIM) specialists, general internists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, obstetricians and gynecologists, dentists, dermatologists, and others...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097194/the-mystery-of-the-z-score
#4
REVIEW
Alexander E Curtis, Tanya A Smith, Bulat A Ziganshin, John A Elefteriades
Reliable methods for measuring the thoracic aorta are critical for determining treatment strategies in aneurysmal disease. Z-scores are a pragmatic alternative to raw diameter sizes commonly used in adult medicine. They are particularly valuable in the pediatric population, who undergo rapid changes in physical development. The advantage of the Z-score is its inclusion of body surface area (BSA) in determining whether an aorta is within normal size limits. Therefore, Z-scores allow us to determine whether true pathology exists, which can be challenging in growing children...
August 2016: Aorta (Stamford, Conn.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093319/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-the-salvia-sclarea-l-ethanolic-extract-on-lipopolysaccharide-induced-periodontitis-in-rats
#5
Milica Kostić, Dušanka Kitić, Milica B Petrović, Tatjana Jevtović-Stojmenov, Marko Jović, Aleksandar Petrović, Slavoljub Živanović
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Salvia sclarea L., clary, is an aromatic plant traditionally used in folk medicine for the treatment of various diseases and conditions. Although it has been primarily used as a stomachic, there are data on traditional use of S. sclarea as an agent against gingivitis, stomatitis and aphthae. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of the S. sclarea ethanolic extract on the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced periodontitis in rats from the immunological and histopathological standpoint...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089618/24-hour-protein-arginine-and-citrulline-metabolism-in-fed-critically-ill-children-a-stable-isotope-tracer-study
#6
Carlijn T I de Betue, Xiomara C Garcia Casal, Dick A van Waardenburg, Stephen M Schexnayder, Koen F M Joosten, Nicolaas E P Deutz, Marielle P K J Engelen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The reference method to study protein and arginine metabolism in critically ill children is measuring plasma amino acid appearances with stable isotopes during a short (4-8 h) time period and extrapolate results to 24-h. However, 24-h measurements may be variable due to critical illness related factors and a circadian rhythm could be present. Since only short duration stable isotope studies in critically ill children have been conducted before, the aim of this study was to investigate 24-h appearance of specific amino acids representing protein and arginine metabolism, with stable isotope techniques in continuously fed critically ill children...
January 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089470/conversion-hip-arthroplasty-in-failed-fixation-of-intertrochanteric-fracture-a-propensity-score-matching-study
#7
Young-Kyun Lee, Jung Taek Kim, Awad Abdalla Alkitaini, Ki-Choul Kim, Yong-Chan Ha, Kyung-Hoi Koo
BACKGROUND: Conversion hip arthroplasty is a salvage procedure for failed internal fixation of intertrochanteric fractures. However, the technical difficulties and perioperative morbidity of conversion arthroplasty are uncertain. METHODS: We compared the type of arthroplasty (total hip arthroplasty or hemiarthroplasty), operative parameters, perioperative morbidity, 1-year mortality, implant stability, and clinical results of 33 conversion hip arthroplasties due to a failed internal fixation of intertrochanteric fracture with those of a matched control group of 33 primary hip arthroplasties due to the same fracture...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080254/wellness-and-multiple-sclerosis-the-national-ms-society-establishes-a-wellness-research-working-group-and-research-priorities
#8
Robert W Motl, Ellen M Mowry, Dawn M Ehde, Nicholas G LaRocca, Kathy E Smith, Kathleen Costello, Lynne Shinto, Alexander V Ng, Amy B Sullivan, Barbara Giesser, Kevin K McCully, Bo Fernhall, Malachy Bishop, Matthew Plow, Patrizia Casaccia, Nancy D Chiaravalloti
BACKGROUND: People with multiple sclerosis (MS) have identified "wellness" and associated behaviors as a high priority based on "social media listening" undertaken by the National MS Society (i.e. the Society). OBJECTIVE: The Society recently convened a group that consisted of researchers with experience in MS and wellness-related research, Society staff members, and an individual with MS for developing recommendations regarding a wellness research agenda. METHOD: The members of the group engaged in focal reviews and discussions involving the state of science within three approaches for promoting wellness in MS, namely diet, exercise, and emotional wellness...
January 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078741/effect-of-an-art-brut-therapy-program-called-go-beyond-the-schizophrenia-gbts-on-prison-inmates-with-schizophrenia-in-mainland-china-a-randomized-longitudinal-and-controlled-trial
#9
Hong-Zhong Qiu, Zeng-Jie Ye, Mu-Zi Liang, Yue-Qun Huang, Wei Liu, Zhi-Dong Lu
: Creative arts therapies are proven to promote an interconnection between body and mind, but there are major obstacles for providing therapeutic services in prisons due to inmates' inherent mistrust for verbal disclosure and rigid self-defenses, especially among inmates with schizophrenia. Thus, we developed a structured and quantitative art brut therapy program called go beyond the schizophrenia to actually measure the benefits of art therapy on prison inmates in mainland China. Upon completion of the program, the intervention group reported a decrease in anxiety, depression, anger, and negative psychiatric symptoms and showed better compliance with rules, socialization with peers, compliance with medications, and regular sleeping patterns after 16 weekly sessions of go beyond the schizophrenia...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076926/yoga-treatment-for-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#10
REVIEW
L Susan Wieland, Nicole Skoetz, Karen Pilkington, Ramaprabhu Vempati, Christopher R D'Adamo, Brian M Berman
BACKGROUND: Non-specific low back pain is a common, potentially disabling condition usually treated with self-care and non-prescription medication. For chronic low back pain, current guidelines state that exercise therapy may be beneficial. Yoga is a mind-body exercise sometimes used for non-specific low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of yoga for treating chronic non-specific low back pain, compared to no specific treatment, a minimal intervention (e...
January 12, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076919/use-of-treatment-and-counseling-services-and-mind-body-techniques-by-students-with-emotional-and-behavioral-difficulties
#11
Wasantha Jayawardene, Ryan Erbe, David Lohrmann, Mohammad Torabi
BACKGROUND: School-based treatment and counseling services (TCSs) can integrate mind-body techniques (MBTs) to improve children's health, wellness, and academic performance. We aimed to describe the effect of school-based TCS on MBT-use among students experiencing difficulties with concentration, emotions, behaviors, and getting along (DCEBG). METHODS: National Health Interview Survey data were utilized (N2007  = 1225; N2012  = 1835). Logistic regression examined associations between TCS-type and MBT-use, while propensity score matching controlled for confounders in the prematch sample...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075155/a-qualitative-study-exploring-community-yoga-practice-in-adults-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
Heather M Greysen, S Ryan Greysen, Kathryn A Lee, Oi Saeng Hong, Patricia Katz, Heather Leutwyler
OBJECTIVE: Yoga may improve physical function and reduce disease symptoms in adults with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, little is known about how patients with RA are practicing yoga in the community. The objective of this qualitative study was to explore community yoga practice characteristics and thoughts about yoga practice for adults with RA. DESIGN: Participants completed a semi-structured telephone interview with open-ended questions. Thematic analysis was used to analyze interview transcripts...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074346/actively-negotiating-the-mind-body-divide-how-clozapine-treated-schizophrenia-patients-make-health-for-themselves
#13
Julia E H Brown, Simone Dennis
It is well recognised that antipsychotic treatments impact the whole body, not just the target area of the brain. For people with refractory schizophrenia on clozapine, the gold standard antipsychotic treatment in England and Australia, the separation of mental and physical regimes of health is particularly pronounced, resulting in multiple, compartmentalised treatment registers. Clinicians often focus on the mental health aspects of clozapine use, using physical indicators to determine whether treatment can continue...
January 10, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072680/translation-and-psychometric-testing-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-multidimensional-assessment-of-interoceptive-awareness
#14
Feng-Lien Lin, Chin-Che Hsu, Wolf Mehling, Mei-Ling Yeh
BACKGROUND: Mind-body interventions are used to alleviate physical and psychological symptoms. The multidimensional assessment of interoceptive awareness (MAIA), which is used to self-report the effects of mind-body interventions, is not currently available in Chinese. PURPOSE: This study aimed to translate the MAIA from English into Chinese (MAIA-C) and to examine the psychometric properties of the MAIA-C. METHODS: This was a methodological study...
February 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072399/organization-of-high-level-visual-cortex-in-human-infants
#15
Ben Deen, Hilary Richardson, Daniel D Dilks, Atsushi Takahashi, Boris Keil, Lawrence L Wald, Nancy Kanwisher, Rebecca Saxe
How much of the structure of the human mind and brain is already specified at birth, and how much arises from experience? In this article, we consider the test case of extrastriate visual cortex, where a highly systematic functional organization is present in virtually every normal adult, including regions preferring behaviourally significant stimulus categories, such as faces, bodies, and scenes. Novel methods were developed to scan awake infants with fMRI, while they viewed multiple categories of visual stimuli...
January 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069445/person-perception-involves-functional-integration-between-the-extrastriate-body-area-and-temporal-pole
#16
Inez M Greven, Richard Ramsey
The majority of human neuroscience research has focussed on understanding functional organisation within segregated patches of cortex. The ventral visual stream has been associated with the detection of physical features such as faces and body parts, whereas the theory-of-mind network has been associated with making inferences about mental states and underlying character, such as whether someone is friendly, selfish, or generous. To date, however, it is largely unknown how such distinct processing components integrate neural signals...
January 6, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065792/the-analgesic-effects-of-oxytocin-in-the-peripheral-and-central-nervous-system
#17
Qing Xin, Bo Bai, Wenyan Liu
Pain is a ubiquitously unpleasant feeling among humans as well as many animal species often caused by actual and potential tissue damage. However, it is absolutely crucial for our survival in many ways. Acute pain can signal the presence of danger or life-threatenting events, which help escape noxious stimuli. By contrast, when pain becomes chronic or persistent, it becomes an encumbrance and exerts deleterious effects to the body and mind, often co-occured with anxiety and depression. Additionaly, chronic pain is more or less an economic burden for the patients because it requires immediate medical treatments and seriously hinders pepople in their work...
January 5, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058670/theorizing-with-out-mediators
#18
Wolff-Michael Roth, Alfredo Jornet
Mediation is one of the most often cited concepts in current cultural-historical theory literature, in which cultural actions and artifacts are often characterized as mediators standing between situational stimuli and behavioral responses. Most often presented as a means to overcome Cartesian dualism between subject and object, and between individual and society, some scholars have nonetheless raised criticism suggesting that such mediators are problematic for a dialectical psychology that takes a unit analysis (monist) approach...
January 5, 2017: Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053899/unconventional-medical-practices-among-ghanaian-students-a-university-based-survey
#19
Razak Mohammed Gyasi, Williams Agyemang-Duah, Charlotte Monica Mensah, Francis Arthur, Roselyn Torkornoo, Padmore Adusei Amoah
Research on unconventional medical practices among students has proliferated lately in the global space, hitherto, little is known explicitly in Ghana. This paper teases out insights for recent utilisation patterns of traditional medical therapies at Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST), Ghana. A sample of 754, randomly selected undergraduates were involved in a retrospective cross-sectional survey. Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression and Pearson's χ(2) test with p < 0...
January 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053040/disruption-of-glucagon-like-peptide-1-signaling-in-sim1-neurons-reduces-physiological-and-behavioral-reactivity-to-acute-and-chronic-stress
#20
Sriparna Ghosal, Amy E B Packard, Parinaz Mahbod, Jessica M McKlveen, Randy J Seeley, Brent Myers, Yvonne Ulrich-Lai, Eric P Smith, David A D'Alessio, James P Herman
: Organismal stress initiates a tightly orchestrated set of responses involving complex physiological and neurocognitive systems. Here, we present evidence for glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1)-mediated paraventricular hypothalamic circuit coordinating the global stress response. The GLP-1 receptor (Glp1r) in mice was knocked down in neurons expressing single-minded 1, a transcription factor abundantly expressed in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) of the hypothalamus. Mice with single-minded 1-mediated Glp1r knockdown had reduced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses to both acute and chronic stress and were protected against weight loss associated with chronic stress...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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