Read by QxMD icon Read

renal, dialysis, peritoneal dialysis, PD

Ying Ma, Ying Wang, Hai-Yun Wang, Yang Li, Zi-Juan Zhou, Bing-Yan Liu, Xue-Mei Li, Li-Meng Chen
Objective To investigate the risk factors predicting the short-term outcomes of patients with peritoneal dialysis(PD)-associated peritonitis (PDAP). Methods In this retrospective cohort study,the clinical data at baseline and 0-3 months before peritonitis onset (peritonitis-free period) were collected from end-stage renal disease patients who started PD and suffered from PDAP between January 1,2004 and March 31,2017 in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. After 4 weeks of follow-up,these patients were divided into two groups according to the clinical outcomes,namely poor outcome group and good outcome group...
February 28, 2018: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
John J Sim, Hui Zhou, Jiaxiao Shi, Sally F Shaw, Shayna L Henry, Csaba P Kovesdy, Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Steven J Jacobsen
PURPOSE: The early period after chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients transition to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) represents the highest mortality risk but is variable among different patient populations and clinical circumstances. We compared early mortality outcomes among a diverse CKD population that transitioned to ESRD. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study (1/1/2002 through 12/31/2013) of CKD patients (age ≥ 18 years) who transitioned to peritoneal dialysis (PD), hemodialysis (HD) with arteriovenous fistula/grafts, and HD with catheters was performed...
March 12, 2018: International Urology and Nephrology
Kamyar Kalantar-Zadeh, Vidhya Parameswaran, Linda H Ficociello, Ludmila Anderson, Norma J Ofsthun, Christopher Kwoh, Claudy Mullon, Robert J Kossmann, Daniel W Coyne
BACKGROUND: A database analysis was conducted to assess the effectiveness of sucroferric oxyhydroxide (SO) on lowering serum phosphorus and phosphate binder (PB) pill burden among adult peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients prescribed SO as part of routine care. METHODS: Adult PD patients (n = 258) prescribed SO through a renal pharmacy service were analyzed. Baseline was 3 months before SO prescription. SO-treated follow-up was for 6 months or until either a new PB was prescribed, SO was not refilled, PD modality changed, or patient was discharged...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Nephrology
Yen-Chung Lin, Yi-Chun Lin, Chiung-Chi Peng, Kuan-Chou Chen, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Te-Chao Fang, Shian-Ying Sung, Mai-Szu Wu
The effect of dyslipidemia on peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients based on the presence of residual renal function (RRF; renal creatinine clearance >2 mL/min/1.73 m²) is unknown. Data from the Taiwan Renal Registry Data System between 2005 and 2012 were analyzed to estimate the association between dyslipidemia and mortality in PD patients. Long-term PD patients ( n = 8032) were divided into groups with (RRF; n = 2691, 33.5%) and without RRF (non-RRF; n = 5341, 66.5%). The primary outcome was three-year mortality, and multivariate Cox regression was used for survival analysis...
March 3, 2018: Nutrients
I-Kuan Wang, Cheng-Li Lin, Tzung-Hai Yen, Shih-Yi Lin, Liu Yao-Lung, Fung-Chang Sung
PURPOSE: Icodextrin can enhance ultrafiltration and consequently improve fluid balance and can control blood pressure and reduce left ventricular mass for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. This study investigated whether icodextrin use could reduce the risk of congestive heart failure (CHF) for PD patients. METHODS: From the Taiwan National Health Insurance database, we identified 5462 newly diagnosed end-stage renal disease patients undergoing PD from 2005 to 2010...
February 28, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
Sarah J Swartz, Alicia Neu, Amy Skversky Mason, Troy Richardson, Jonathan Rodean, John Lawlor, Bradley Warady, Michael J G Somers
BACKGROUND: The Standardizing Care to Improve Outcomes in Pediatric End Stage Renal Disease (SCOPE) Collaborative is a quality improvement initiative to reduce dialysis-associated infections. The frequency of peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter exit site infection (ESI) and variables influencing its development and end result are unclear. We sought to determine ESI rates, to elucidate the epidemiology, risk factors, and outcomes for ESI, and to assess for association between provider compliance with care bundles and ESI risk...
February 26, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Joanne M Bargman, Michael Girsberger
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is one of the corner stones of renal replacement therapy and should be strongly considered if preemptive kidney transplantation is not available. SUMMARY: There are several initiatives that may help the growth in the use of PD around the world. First, PD is an underused and valuable option in patients with heart failure and the chronic cardiorenal syndrome, especially in those with frequent hospitalizations despite optimal medical therapy...
January 26, 2018: Blood Purification
Abdullah Hamad, Hany Ismail, Mohamed Elsayed, Ahmad Kaddourah, Hanaa Ahmed, Rania Ibrahim, Ahlam Ali, Fadwa Alali
Acute peritonitis (AP) is a common and devastating complication in end-stage renal disease patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). We are reporting an epidemiologic study of AP in Qatar over 8-year follow-up. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of all PD patients in Qatar from 2007 to 2014. The analysis was conducted to report epidemiology, outcome, and associated risk factors of AP. We had 318 AP episodes in 180 patients between 2007 and 2014. Six (3.3%) patients died as a result AP. Six cases of fungal peritonitis were reported...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Jamal Saleh Al Wakeel, Mohammed A Al Ghonaim, Abdullah Aldohayan, Saira Usama, Saad Al Obaili, Ahmad R Tarakji, Mohammad Alkhowaiter
Our objective is to study the outcomes and complications of peritoneal dialysis (PD) including comparison of self-care PD with home-care assisted PD during a five-year period. A retrospective study of PD data at King Saud University-affiliated hospital in Riyadh from January 1, 2009, to December 31, 2013. One hundred and eleven patients were included (female 55%). The average age was 47.4 (1-83) years. Twenty-one (18.91%) patients were on continuous ambulatory PD and 90 (81.08%) on automated PD. The mean time on PD was 23...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Hatem Ali, Tarek Abdelaziz, Fatima Abdelaal, Jyoti Baharani
The relationship between frailty and chronic kidney disease in elderly population has been recognized; however, studies concentrating on frailty in predialysis patients are limited. For nephrologists, the recognition of frailty is important as it has impact on decisions on the choice of dialysis modality and sometimes on whether dialysis is indeed in the patients' best interests. Many of the tools for routine assessment of frailty are not easily applicable to those clinicians not practicing elderly care medicine...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Abdol-Mohammad Kajbafzadeh, Nastaran Sabetkish, Shabnam Sabetkish
BACKGROUND: Conventional treatments for patients suffering with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has several disadvantages, highlighting the importance of other reproducible modalities such as colonic dialysis (CD). OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish a CD model in uremic rats and evaluate the effect of two different peritoneal dialysis (PD) solutions. METHODS: Thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups. After right nephrectomy and left partial nephrectomy, a Malone antegrade continence enema (MACE) stoma was created...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Alicia Thiery, François Séverac, Thierry Hannedouche, Cecile Couchoud, Van Huyen Do, Aurélien Tiple, Clémence Béchade, Erik-Andre Sauleau, Thierry Krummel
Background: Previous studies comparing the outcomes in haemodialysis (HD) with those in peritoneal dialysis (PD) have yielded conflicting results. Methods: The aim of the study was to compare the survival of planned HD versus PD patients in a cohort of adult incident patients who started renal replacement therapy (RRT) between 2006 and 2008 in the nationwide REIN registry (Réseau Epidémiologie et Information en Néphrologie). Patients who started RRT in emergency or stopped RRT within 2 months were excluded...
February 13, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Liliana Simões-Silva, Ricardo Araujo, Manuel Pestana, Isabel Soares-Silva, Benedita Sampaio-Maia
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with an imbalanced human microbiome due not only to CKD-associated factors such as uremia, increased inflammation and immunosuppression, but also to pharmacological therapies and dietary restrictions. End-stage renal disease patients require renal replacement therapies commonly in the form of hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). HD implies the existence of a vascular access, such as an arteriovenous fistula/graft or a venous catheter, whereas PD implies a long-term peritoneal catheter and the constant inflow of peritoneal dialysate...
February 11, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Micheli U Bevilacqua, Lee Er, Michael A Copland, R S Singh, Abeed Jamal, Orla Dunne, Catherine Brumby, Adeera Levin
BACKGROUND: Many renal programs have targets to increase home dialysis prevalence. Data from a large Canadian home dialysis program were analyzed to determine if home dialysis prevalence accurately reflects program activity and whether prevalence-based assessments adequately reflect the work required for program growth. METHODS: Data from home dialysis programs in British Columbia, Canada, were analyzed from 2005 to 2015. Prevalence data were compared to dialysis activity data including intakes and exits to describe program turnover...
February 7, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Mohammad Reza Keramati, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Amir Keshvari
BACKGROUND: Prophylactic laparoscopic omentopexy is a safe technique to prevent peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter obstruction. For the first time, we would like to describe a surgical technique in which the omentopexy is done using a single PD port which is used for the omentopexy, PD catheter insertion, and the rectus sheath tunneling of the catheter. METHODS: The surgical method of the omentopexy using the PD port (US Patent 20170119430) will be thoroughly described...
February 7, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Siribha Changsirikulchai, Suwannee Sriprach, Nintita S Thokanit, Jirayut Janma, Piyatida Chuengsaman, Dhavee Sirivongs
BACKGROUND: The peritoneal dialysis First (PD First) policy means that PD is the first modality of dialysis chosen for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), as put forth by the Universal Health Coverage (UHC) scheme. It was initiated in Thailand in 2008. Our aim is to analyze patient survival, technique survival, and associated factors. METHODS: Data of PD patients from January 2008 to November 2016 were studied. We calculated patient and technique survival rates (censored for death and kidney transplantation)...
February 7, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Felix Poppelaars, Bernardo Faria, Mariana Gaya da Costa, Casper F M Franssen, Willem J van Son, Stefan P Berger, Mohamed R Daha, Marc A Seelen
Significant advances have lead to a greater understanding of the role of the complement system within nephrology. The success of the first clinically approved complement inhibitor has created renewed appreciation of complement-targeting therapeutics. Several clinical trials are currently underway to evaluate the therapeutic potential of complement inhibition in renal diseases and kidney transplantation. Although, complement has been known to be activated during dialysis for over four decades, this area of research has been neglected in recent years...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Tze Yee Diane Mok, Min-Hua Tseng, Ming-Chou Chiang, Ju-Li Lin, Shih Ming Chu, Jen-Fu Hsu, Reyin Lien
BACKGROUND: Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is becoming increasingly necessary for supporting critically ill neonates. Few studies have reported the use of RRT in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Therefore, we performed a retrospective study to describe the use of RRT in our NICU and its associated efficacy, complications, and outcomes. METHODS: We identified patients requiring RRT between January 2009 and January 2017. Demographic data, mode of RRT, and associated factors were recorded...
December 21, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
K Shivanand Nayak, Sreepada V Subhramanyam, Navva Pavankumar, Sinoj Antony, M A Sarfaraz Khan
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Initiating renal replacement therapy in late referred patients with central venous catheter (CVC) hemodialysis (HD) causes serious complications. In urgent start peritoneal dialysis, initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD) within 14 days of catheter insertion still needs HD with CVC. We initiated Emergent start PD (ESPD) with Automated PD (APD) at our center within 48 h from the time of presentation. METHODS: A prospective, case-controlled, intention-to-treat study with 56 patients was conducted between March 2016 and August 2017...
January 30, 2018: Blood Purification
Karima Farhat, Andrea W Stavenuiter, Marc Vervloet, Pieter M Ter Wee, Robert H Beelen, Frans J van Ittersum
BACKGROUND: Long-term peritoneal dialysis (PD) is frequently complicated by technique failure preceded by peritoneal remodeling. Vitamin D has potent immunomodulatory characteristics: anti-inflammatory, anti-angiogenic, anti-fibrotic properties, and influences on the macrophage phenotype. Little is known about the relation between pleiotropic effects attributed to vitamin D3 and the peritoneal membrane and what is the most appropriate vitamin D sterol in prevention of peritoneal remodeling in PD patients...
January 31, 2018: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"