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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162680/peritoneal-dialysis-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-recipients
#1
Nalinee Saiprasertkit, Camila Nihei, Joanne M Bargman
BACKGROUND: In many dialysis programs, there is resistance to initiating peritoneal dialysis (PD) in liver transplant patients needing renal replacement therapy. This retrospective study reviews the outcome of PD in liver transplant patients at a major transplantation and dialysis center. METHOD: We performed a retrospective cohort study in patients who underwent liver transplants and received PD between 1991 and 2016. Patient demographics, laboratory parameters, and adverse events were collected from our electronic database...
November 21, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162679/safety-of-peritoneal-dialysis-after-nonrenal-solid-organ-transplantation
#2
Anne Buffet, Sonia Guillouët, Thierry Lobbedez, Maxence Ficheux, Antoine Lanot, Clemence Bechade
BACKGROUND: End-stage renal disease is a well-known complication after solid-organ transplantation, mostly as a result of calcineurin-inhibitor therapy. Among recipients of solid-organ transplants other than kidneys, peritoneal dialysis (PD) has been considered an accessory technique as an increased risk of infectious complications has been reported. The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcome of patients with a liver, heart, or lung transplant who underwent PD for replacement therapy...
November 21, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162677/feasibility-of-urgent-start-peritoneal-dialysis-in-older-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-single-center-experience
#3
Haijiao Jin, Zhaohui Ni, Shan Mou, Renhua Lu, Wei Fang, Jiaying Huang, Chunhua Hu, Haifen Zhang, Hao Yan, Zhenyuan Li, Zanzhe Yu
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) frequently require urgent-start dialysis. Recent evidence suggests that peritoneal dialysis (PD) might be a feasible alternative to hemodialysis (HD) in these patients, including in older patients. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients aged > 65 years with ESRD who underwent urgent dialysis without functional vascular access or PD catheter at a single center, from January 2011 to December 2014...
November 21, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161695/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-comparing-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-with-local-anesthetic-infiltration-in-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-implantation
#4
Qi Li, Xiaohong Tang, Tian Tao, Wenjuan Zhang, Wei Qin, Jie Zhang, Zi Li
BACKGROUND: The ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has been demonstrated as a useful analgesia technique in lower-abdomen surgeries. We hypothesized that it could be the principal anesthesia technique for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter (PDC) implantation using the open dissection method. METHODS: This was a single-center, prospective, randomized, and double-blinded study. All eligible patients were randomized into 2 groups: the TAP block group (n = 20) and the local anesthetic infiltration (LAI) group (n = 20)...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161688/plasma-beta-trace-protein-as-a-marker-of-residual-renal-function-the-effect-of-different-hemodialysis-modalities-and-intra-individual-variability-over-time
#5
Amaryllis H van Craenenbroeck, Ann-Christin Bragfors-Helin, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, Bengt Lindholm, Bodil Sjöberg, Björn Anderstam, Olof Heimburger, Peter Stenvinkel, Peter Bárány
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Beta-trace protein (BTP) is a low-molecular-weight molecule, which may be used to assess residual renal function (RRF) in dialysis patients. Here we evaluated the influence of hemodialysis (HD) and hemodiafiltration (HDF) on plasma BTP, and analyzed the inter- and intra-individual variability of plasma BTP over time in HD and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: In 12 prevalent HD patients, the effect of a single session of low-flux HD, high-flux HD and HDF on plasma BTP was studied...
November 22, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161686/impact-of-an-in-hospital-patient-education-program-on-choice-of-renal-replacement-modality-in-unplanned-dialysis-initiation
#6
Moritz Schanz, Markus Ketteler, Markus Heck, Juergen Dippon, Mark Dominik Alscher, Martin Kimmel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Up to 50% patients requiring dialysis receive an urgent, unplanned start (UPS) to renal replacement therapy (RRT). Most of these are initiated with an intravenous catheter and commenced and maintained on hemodialysis (HD). Although peritoneal dialysis (PD) could be an equipotent initial modality for RRT, it is used less frequently as long-term RRT in UPS patients. This multicenter-study aimed to evaluate the impact of a structured, in-hospital education program and factors influencing PD rates, especially in UPS patients...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158495/the-prevalence-of-muscle-wasting-sarcopenia-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-varies-with-ethnicity-due-to-differences-in-muscle-mass-measured-by-bioimpedance
#7
Suree Yoowannakul, Kamonwan Tangvoraphonkchai, Andrew Davenport
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia is associated with increased mortality. European and North American recommended screening for low muscle mass uses gender specific cut points, with no adjustment for ethnicity. We wished to determine whether the prevalence of sarcopenia was altered by ethnicity in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. SUBJECTS/METHODS: We measured appendicular lean mass indexed to height (ALMI) in PD patients by segmental bioimpedance and determined sarcopenia using different cut off points for reduced muscle mass...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151492/determinants-of-the-change-in-arterial-stiffness-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#8
Mitsutaka Nakahigashi, Hiroyasu Tsukaguchi, Satoshi Morimoto, Chikara Nakano, Hiroko Ueda, Kazunori Someya, Makiko Kusabe, Sanae Kikuchi, Takanobu Imada, Ichiro Shiojima
Arterial stiffness is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with end-stage renal failure. However, little is known about the factors that contribute to arterial rigidity in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim of this study was to define the pattern and determinants of the longitudinal change in arterial stiffness after PD initiation.Arterial stiffening was estimated for 46 PD patients by using brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT)...
November 17, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150711/epidemiology-of-peritonitis-following-maintenance-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-placement-during-infancy-a-report-of-the-scope-collaborative
#9
Joshua Jacob Zaritsky, Coral Hanevold, Raymond Quigley, Troy Richardson, Cynthia Wong, Jennifer Ehrlich, John Lawlor, Jonathan Rodean, Alicia Neu, Bradley A Warady
BACKGROUND: Maintenance peritoneal dialysis (PD) is the dialysis modality of choice for infants and young children. However, there are limited outcome data for those who undergo PD catheter insertion and initiate maintenance PD within the first year of life. METHODS: Using data from the Children's Hospital Association's Standardizing Care to Improve Outcomes in Pediatric End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Collaborative (SCOPE), we examined peritonitis rates and patient survival in 156 infants from 29 North American pediatric dialysis centers who had a chronic PD catheter placed prior to their first birthday...
November 17, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148022/hemodialysis-versus-peritoneal-dialysis-an-observational-study-in-two-international-centers
#10
Renhua Lu, Carla Estremadoyro, Xiaohuan Chen, Mingli Zhu, Leonardo C Ribeiro, Yucheng Yan, Alessandra Brendolan, Wei Fang, Carlo Crepaldi, Zhaohui Ni, Leyi Gu, Claudio Ronco
INTRODUCTION: Given that it is difficult to randomize end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients to either hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD), differences between these renal replacement therapy (RRT) modalities are of major interest and remain controversial. METHODS: All data on maintenance dialysis patients during 2009 to 2013 in the Renji Hospital in Shanghai, China and in the San Bortolo Hospital in Vicenza, Italy were selected. Patients who changed their therapy from HD to PD or PD to HD during this study were excluded...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145203/evaluation-of-mental-disorders-using-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-dialysis-and-predialysis-patients
#11
Chun-Yun Zhang, Ying Chen, Shan Chen, Xiang-Chuang Kong, Yuan Liu, Chao-Qun You, Cheng Wan, Philip A Bondzie, Hua Su, Chun Zhang, Fang-Fang He
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psychological complications are prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to investigate mental disorders in stage 4-5 CKD patients, to detect metabolite concentrations in the brain by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and to compare the effects of different dialysis therapies on mental disorders in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The sample population was made up of predialysis (13), hemodialysis (HD) (13), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (12)...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142964/impact-of-the-end-stage-renal-disease-prospective-payment-system-on-the-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis
#12
Qian Zhang, Mae Thamer, Onkar Kshirsagar, Yi Zhang
Introduction: The End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Prospective Payment System (PPS), implemented by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in January 2011, encouraged use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) through various financial incentives. Our goal was to determine whether PPS effectively increased PD use in incident dialysis patients. Methods: Our study used the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) to identify 430,927 adult patients who initiated dialysis between 2009 and 2012...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142271/structural-and-functional-differences-in-gut-microbiome-composition-in-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis
#13
Vanessa Stadlbauer, Angela Horvath, Werner Ribitsch, Bianca Schmerböck, Gernot Schilcher, Sandra Lemesch, Philipp Stiegler, Alexander R Rosenkranz, Peter Fickert, Bettina Leber
Complications of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are critically related to inflammation. The gut microbiome is a key driver of inflammation. Since dialysis modalities may differently influence the gut microbiome, we aimed to compare the effects of haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) on patients' gut microbiome composition and function. We therefore studied faecal microbiome composition and function as well as inflammation and gut permeability in 30 patients with ESRD (15 HD, 15 PD) and compared to 21 healthy controls...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139376/the-longitudinal-effects-of-peritonitis-on-peritoneal-membrane-function%C3%A2
#14
Christopher S B Sia, Eldho Paul, Peter Tregaskis, Rowan G Walker, Scott G Wilson
BACKGROUND: The longitudinal effects of peritoneal dialysis (PD) peritonitis on small solute clearance and ultrafiltration are controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 27 patients with PD peritonitis over a 4-year period at a tertiary hospital. Adequacy tests at an "early" (1 - 3 months), "intermediate" (6 ± 2 months), and a "late" (12 ± 2 months) time period after the episode were compared with a pre-peritonitis baseline. The effect of time on serum albumin, weekly creatinine clearance, Kt/V, and net fluid volume removal was assessed...
December 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127648/serum-apolipoprotein-b-is-inversely-associated-with-eccentric-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#15
Min Ye, Yanqiu Liu, Haoyu Wang, Na Tian, Wei Li, Wei He, Hong Lin, Rui Fan, Cuiling Li, Donghong Liu, Fengjuan Yao
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to examine the relationship of serum apolipoprotein B level with left ventricular (LV) structural and functional characteristics, in particular, LV remodeling parameters in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: A total of 182 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) receiving PD were identified. Conventional echocardiography was performed for each patient, and echocardiographic characteristics were analyzed according to apo B quartile groups...
November 10, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124521/successful-peritoneal-dialysis-using-a-percutaneous-tube-for-peritoneal-drainage-in-an-extremely-low-birth-weight-infant-a-case-report
#16
Satoshi Yokoyama, Takayuki Nukada, Yuka Ikeda, Shigeto Hara, Akira Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for acute kidney injury (AKI) of newborns has been performed safely. AKI occurs in 8 to 24% of extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants. Although PD has only been used occasionally in ELBW infants, prognosis is poor for ELBW infants with AKI. Several reports have described successful PD in these infants, but no guideline-based evidence concerning indications for renal replacement therapy in ELBW infants are currently available. Here, we report on our experience with PD in an ELBW infant with AKI resulting from septic shock...
November 9, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123006/outcomes-of-simultaneous-peritoneal-dialysis-and-arteriovenous-fistula-placement-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients
#17
Nosratollah Nezakatgoo, Albert Ndzengue, Manhunath Ramaiah, Elvira O Gosmanova
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) interruption requiring hemodialysis (HD) is not uncommon and its frequently abrupt nature prevents timely creation of permanent HD access and avoidance of central venous catheters (CVC). We retrospectively studied a cohort of 24 end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients (mean age 50.7 years, 83.3% African-Americans, 58.3% females, time on dialysis interquartile range [IQR] 0 - 65 days) who had simultaneous PD catheter insertion and backup arteriovenous fistula (AVF) creation between January 1, 2012, and December 31, 2013...
November 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123005/percutaneous-ablation-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-peritoneal-dialysis
#18
Annabel Boyer, Marc-Antoine Jegonday, Antoine Lanot, Maxence Ficheux, Thierry Lobbedez, Clémence Bechade
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the second leading cause of death by cancer worldwide. Resection and liver transplantation are the gold standards, but only a minority of people are eligible. Percutaneous ablation therapies, such as microwave ablation (MWA), have consequently been developed. There is a lack of guidelines regarding the treatment of HCCs in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Here, we report the case of a 67-year-old patient who was undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) for chronic congestive heart failure and who presented with an HCC while undergoing PD...
November 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123004/klebsiella-pneumoniae-renal-abscess-and-peritonitis-in-a-peritoneal-dialysis-patient-a-novel-route-of-infection
#19
Miten J Dhruve, Joanne M Bargman
We present a peritoneal dialysis (PD) patient who had a renal biopsy performed during an episode of urosepsis and subsequently presented with a renal abscess at the biopsy site along with concurrent peritonitis. Microbiology from the PD effluent and from the renal abscess were both positive for Klebsiella pneumoniae We propose that the PD peritonitis was the result of seeding of the peritoneal cavity with bacteria from the renal abscess. Successful treatment was achieved through drainage of the abscess and intraperitoneal antibiotics...
November 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123002/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-removal-post-transplant-a-rare-case-of-delayed-bowel-perforation
#20
Andrew P Maxted, Brian Davies, Daniel Colliver, Alun Williams, Andrew Lunn
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a well-established form of renal replacement therapy and the practice of leaving catheters in situ post-transplantation widely accepted. We present a rare complication: a child presenting with anal protrusion of the PD catheter.The patient is an 11-year-old boy with a background of renal dysplasia and congenital cutis laxa. Twenty-three weeks after dialysis was commenced, the patient underwent a renal transplant. Thirteen weeks post-transplant, the patient felt an unusual sensation after defecation...
November 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
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