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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931697/worldwide-experiences-with-assisted-peritoneal-dialysis
#1
REVIEW
Anna Giuliani, Akash Nayak Karopadi, Mario Prieto-Velasco, Sabrina Milan Manani, Carlo Crepaldi, Claudio Ronco
End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is common in the elderly population, and renal replacement therapy (RRT) is often required. However, in this particular subgroup of patients, the choice between hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) is often not an easy decision to make. Published literature has adequately demonstrated that PD prevalence is significantly less than HD across all patient age groups despite several advantages. We also know that elderly patients are less likely to complete a PD assessment, due to both medical and social barriers...
September 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931089/advanced-glycation-end-products-dietary-restriction-effects-on-bacterial-gut-microbiota-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-randomized-open-label-controlled-trial
#2
Rabi Yacoub, Melinda Nugent, Weijin Cai, Girish N Nadkarni, Lee D Chaves, Sham Abyad, Amanda M Honan, Shruthi A Thomas, Wei Zheng, Sujith A Valiyaparambil, Mark A Bryniarski, Yijun Sun, Michael Buck, Robert J Genco, Richard J Quigg, John C He, Jaime Uribarri
The modern Western diet is rich in advanced glycation end products (AGEs). We have previously shown an association between dietary AGEs and markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in a population of end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). In the current pilot study we explored the effects of dietary AGEs on the gut bacterial microbiota composition in similar patients. AGEs play an important role in the development and progression of cardiovascular (CVD) disease. Plasma concentrations of different bacterial products have been shown to predict the risk of incident major adverse CVD events independently of traditional CVD risk factors, and experimental animal models indicates a possible role AGEs might have on the gut microbiota population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927285/impact-of-a-basal-bolus-insulin-regimen-on-metabolic-control-and-risk-of-hypoglycemia-in-patients-with-diabetes-undergoing-peritoneal-dialysis
#3
Ana María Gómez, Santiago Vallejo, Freddy Ardila, Oscar M Muñoz, Álvaro J Ruiz, Mauricio Sanabria, Alfonso Bunch, Elly Morros, Laura Kattah, Maira García-Jaramillo, Fabián León-Vargas
INTRODUCTION: Clinical interventional studies in diabetes mellitus usually exclude patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). This study evaluates the impact of an educational program and a basal-bolus insulin regimen on the blood glucose level control and risk of hypoglycemia in this population. METHODS: A before-and-after study was conducted in type 1 and type 2 DM patients undergoing PD at the Renal Therapy Services (RTS) clinic network, Bogota, Colombia. An intervention was instituted consisting of a three-month educational program and a basal-bolus detemir (Levemir, NovoNordisk) and aspart (Novorapid, NovoNordisk) insulin regimen...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917224/simple-method-to-estimate-daily-sodium-intake-during-measurement-of-dialysis-adequacy-in-chronic-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#4
So Mi Kim, Eun Kyoung Lee, Shin Sook Kang, Soon Mi Kim, Hye-Won Kim, Soon Bae Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Restriction of dietary sodium intake for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is recommended, but there is limited information on the measurement and monitoring of sodium intake. We have developed a simple method to estimate daily sodium intake during the measurement of dialysis adequacy in PD patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 83 PD patients were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into two groups based on residual renal function (RRF)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893450/emergency-medicine-evaluation-and-management-of-the-end-stage-renal-disease-patient
#5
REVIEW
Brit Long, Alex Koyfman, Courtney M Lee
BACKGROUND: End stage renal disease (ESRD) is increasing in the U.S., and these patients demonstrate greater all-cause mortality, cardiovascular events, and hospitalization rates when compared to those with normal renal function. These patients may experience significant complications associated with loss of renal function and dialysis. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates complications of ESRD including cardiopulmonary, neurologic, infectious disease, vascular, and access site complications, as well as medication use in this population...
September 5, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877825/effectiveness-of-peritoneal-dialysis-in-treating-adult-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease
#6
Ying Ma, Hai-Yun Wang, Zi-Juan Zhou, Yang Li, Wei Yang, Bing-Yan Liu, Jing-Hua Xia, Xue-Mei Li, Li-Meng Chen
Objective To observe the clinical characteristics,dialysis modalities,and outcomes of end stage renal disease(ESRD)patients with polycystic kidney disease(PKD)and to evaluate the feasibility of peritoneal dialysis in these population. Methods The clinical data of ESRD patient whose primary diagnosis was PKD in Peking Union Medical College Hospital were retrospectively collected from January 1993 to December 2015.PKD patients were divided into two groups according to dialysis modality,namely peritoneal dialysis group(PKD-PD)group and hemodialysis(PKD-HD)group...
August 20, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859133/an-association-of-cognitive-impairment-with-diabetes-and-retinopathy-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-under-peritoneal-dialysis
#7
Jin-Lan Liao, Zu-Ying Xiong, Zhi-Kai Yang, Li Hao, Gui-Ling Liu, Ye-Ping Ren, Qin Wang, Li-Ping Duan, Zhao-Xia Zheng, Jie Dong
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and retinopathy have been considered as risk factors of cognitive impairment (CI) in previous studies. We investigated both of these two factors and their relationship with global and specific cognitive functions in end stage renal disease patients under peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: In this multicenter cross-sectional study, 424 clinically stable patients were enrolled from 5 PD units, who performed PD for at least three months and completed fundoscopy examination if they had diabetes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852495/reasons-for-admission-and-predictors-of-national-30-day-readmission-rates-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#8
Lili Chan, Priti Poojary, Aparna Saha, Kinsuk Chauhan, Rocco Ferrandino, Bart Ferket, Steven Coca, Girish Nadkarni, Jaime Uribarri
BACKGROUND: The number of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on peritoneal dialysis (PD) has increased by over 30% between 2007 and 2014. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid has identified readmissions in ESRD patients to be a quality measure; however, there is a paucity of studies examining readmissions in PD patients. METHODS: Utilizing the National Readmission Database for the year 2013, we aimed to determine reasons for admission, the associated rates of unplanned readmission and independent predictors of readmissions in PD patients...
August 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843932/hypervolemia-hypoalbuminemia-and-mitral-calcification-as-markers-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#9
Sara Querido, Patrícia Quadros Branco, Henrique Silva Sousa, Teresa Adragão, Pedro Araújo Gonçalves, Maria Augusta Gaspar, José Diogo Barata
INTRODUCTION: Mortality in patients with end-stage renal disease is higher than in the general population. This is linked to traditional and non-traditional cardiovascular (CV) risk factors, as well as with risk factors associated with end-stage renal disease itself. The aim of this study is to identify CV risk markers in patients beginning peritoneal dialysis (PD) and their association with CV events and CV mortality. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 112 incident PD patients, in which demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters, valvular calcifications, types of PD solutions, hospitalizations, CV events and death were analyzed...
August 23, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831180/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-emplacement-by-advanced-laparoscopy-8-year-experience-from-a-medical-center-of-china
#10
Min Mo, Yongle Ju, Haitang Hu, Wei Zhang, Jianyi Pan, Qingkun Zheng, Jinzhong Chen, Lijuan Su, Xianrui Dou
Laparoscopic experience and relevant reports about PD catheter emplacement in Chinese patients are seldom. In this study, we described our experience with advanced laparoscopy for PD catheter implantation in Chinese patients. There were one hundred and thirty Chinese patients accepted advanced laparoscopic approach for PD catheter emplacement in this study. Six of 26 patients with prior abdominal operations had abdominal adhesion, while six of 104 patients without prior abdominal surgeries showed abdominal adhesion...
August 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792165/acute-stylet-peritoneal-dialysis-in-acute-kidney-injury-the-soul-never-dies
#11
Amith Vijay Leon D'Souza, Nishad Raveendran, Rajendra Singh Tanwar, Piyush Kimmatkar, Pankaj Beniwal, Dhananjai Agarwal, Vinay Vinay
BACKGROUND: Acute Kidney Injury (AKI) has a significant mortality rate. In developing countries, mortality due to AKI is high due to lack of access to dialysis facilities and related cost. The main goal of International Society of Nephrology (ISN) 0 by 25 initiative is to eliminate deaths due to AKI. Peritoneal dialysis is an underutilized modality in such a scenario. The aim of this study was to look into effectiveness of starting Acute stylet Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) in a resource constraint settings...
July 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791669/strategies-for-preventing-peritoneal-fibrosis-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-new-insights-based-on-peritoneal-inflammation-and-angiogenesis
#12
REVIEW
Zhen Zhang, Na Jiang, Zhaohui Ni
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is an established form of renal replacement therapy. Long-term PD leads to morphologic and functional changes to the peritoneal membrane (PM), which is defined as peritoneal fibrosis, a known cause of loss of peritoneal ultrafiltration capacity. Inflammation and angiogenesis are key events during the pathogenesis of peritoneal fibrosis. This review discusses the pathophysiology of peritoneal fibrosis and recent research progress on key fibrogenic molecular mechanisms in peritoneal inflammation and angiogenesis, including Toll-like receptor ligand-mediated, NOD-like receptor protein 3/interleukin-1β, vascular endothelial growth factor, and angiopoietin-2/Tie2 signaling pathways...
September 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766494/resting-energy-expenditure-a-valuable-predictor-for-kt-vurea-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients%C3%A2
#13
Tian Xu, Jingyuan Xie, Weiming Wang, Hong Ren, Nan Chen
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify an effective method for predicting small-molecule solute removal at the commencement of or before peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS: The PD patients with a dialysis delivery of 8 L/d and a residual kidney function (RKF) ≤ 5 mL/min were enrolled in the study. Fat-free lean body mass (FFM) and resting energy expenditure (REE) were measured using bioelectrical impedance (BIA). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine the threshold value for REE...
September 2017: Clinical Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765478/valacyclovir-associated-neurotoxicity-treated-with-intensification-of-peritoneal-dialysis
#14
Bhanu Prasad, Mark McIsaac, Julie Toppings
We report a 57-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance peritoneal dialysis (PD), who presented to the emergency room (ER) by ambulance with complaints of confusion and altered sensorium for 48 hours. She had been reviewed in a walk-in clinic 72 hours earlier and had been prescribed the standard 1000 mg three times per day of valacyclovir for an acute attack of shingles instead of 500 mg once a day on ESRD. In the ER, she received further 500 mg of intravenous acyclovir as herpes encephalitis was clinically suspected...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762670/radiological-tenckhoff-catheter-insertion-for-peritoneal-dialysis-a-cost-effective-approach
#15
James Lee, Nigel Mott, Usman Mahmood, John Clouston, Kara Summers, Pauline Nicholas, Pedro Henrique França Gois, Dwarakanathan Ranganathan
INTRODUCTION: Radiological insertion of Tenckhoff catheters can be an alternative option for peritoneal dialysis access creation, as compared to surgical catheter insertion. This study will review the outcomes and complications of radiological Tenckhoff catheter insertion in a metropolitan renal service and compare costs between surgical and radiological insertion. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively for all patients who had a Tenckhoff catheter insertion for peritoneal dialysis (PD) under radiological guidance at our hospital from May 2014 to November 2016...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761770/extended-peritoneal-dialysis-and-renal-recovery-in-hiv-infected-patients-with-prolonged-aki-a-report-of-2-cases
#16
Donlawat Saengpanit, Pongpratch Puapatanakul, Piyaporn Towannang, Talerngsak Kanjanabuch
Peritoneal dialysis (PD) has recently been established as a treatment option for renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI). Its efficacy in providing fluid and small solute removal has also been demonstrated in clinical trials and is equivalent to hemodialysis (HD). However, effect of RRT modality on renal recovery after AKI remains a controversy. Moreover, the setting of human immunodeficiency virus- (HIV-) infected patients with AKI requiring RRT makes the decision on RRT initiation and modality selection more complicated...
2017: Case Reports in Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761233/measured-glomerular-filtration-rate-at-dialysis-initiation-and-clinical-outcomes-of-indian-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#17
N Prasad, M R Patel, A Chandra, D Rangaswamy, A Sinha, D Bhadauria, R K Sharma, A Kaul, A Gupta
The optimal time for dialysis initiation remains controversial. Studies have failed to show better outcomes with early initiation of hemodialysis; even a few had shown increased adverse outcomes including poorer survival. Few studies have examined the same in patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD). Measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) not creatinine-based estimated GFR is recommended as the measure of kidney function in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The objective of this observational study was to compare the outcomes of Indian patients initiated on PD with different residual renal function (RRF) as measured by 24-h urinary clearance method...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748880/incident-elderly-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-epidemiological-characteristics-and-modality-impact-on-survival-time
#18
Marcia R G Franco, Marcus G Bastos, Abdul R Qureshi, Alyne Schreider, Kleyton de Andrade Bastos, Jose C Divino-Filho, Natalia M S Fernandes
Aging of the population and the increased prevalence of diseases such as diabetes and arterial hypertension result in an increasing need of dialysis treatment. Herein we describe a cohort of elderly patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD) and assess the influence of the modality on the long-term survival. Out of a multicenter prospective cohort of 2,144 BRAZPD PD incident patients during a period from December 2004 to October 2007, 762 elderly adults, defined as patients ≥65-year-old, were eligible for the study, 413 started on automated PD (APD) and 349 on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD)...
July 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729965/fluid-overload-as-a-major-target-in-management-of-cardiorenal-syndrome-implications-for-the-practice-of-peritoneal-dialysis
#19
REVIEW
Amir Kazory
Congestion is an integral component of cardiorenal syndrome and portends an adverse impact on the outcomes. Recent studies suggest that congestion has the ability of modulating the interactions between the kidney and the heart in this setting. Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a home-based therapeutic modality that is not only offered to patients with end-stage renal disease to provide solute clearance and ultrafiltration, but it has also been used in patients with refractory heart failure and fluid overload to help optimize volume status...
July 6, 2017: World Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728828/obstruction-of-peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-is-associated-with-catheter-type-and-independent-of-omentectomy-a-comparative-data-analysis-from-a-transplant-surgical-and-a-pediatric-surgical-department
#20
Josephine Radtke, Raphael Schild, Marc Reismann, Robert-Richard Ridwelski, Caroline Kempf, Bjoern Nashan, Karin Rothe, Martina Koch
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter occlusion is a common complication with up to 36% of catheter obstructions described in the literature. We present a comparison of complications and outcome after implantation of PD catheters in a transplant surgical and a pediatric surgical department. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 154 PD catheters, which were implanted during 2009-2015 by transplant surgeons (TS, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany, n=85 catheters) and pediatric surgeons (PS, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Germany, n=69 catheters) in 122 children (median (range) age 3...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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