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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241895/development-and-validation-of-the-afimpact-an-atrial-fibrillation-specific-measure-of-patient-reported-health-related-quality-of-life
#1
Karin S Coyne, Nils Edvardsson, Anna Rydén
BACKGROUND: Improvement in health-related quality of life is a key therapeutic goal of disease management in atrial fibrillation (AF). OBJECTIVES: To describe the development of the AFImpact, an AF-specific health-related quality-of-life patient-reported outcome measure. METHODS: Development and validation of the AFImpact comprised a qualitative stage, consisting of a literature review and concept elicitation interviews (91 patients with AF), item generation, and cognitive debriefing (30 patients with AF), and a quantitative stage, consisting of evaluation of the instrument's psychometric properties (313 patients with AF)...
December 2017: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239644/the-effects-of-team-reflexivity-on-psychological-well-being-in-manufacturing-teams
#2
Jingqiu Chen, Peter A Bamberger, Yifan Song, Dana R Vashdi
While the impact of team reflexivity (a.k.a. after-event-reviews, team debriefs) on team performance has been widely examined, we know little about its implications on other team outcomes such as member well-being. Drawing from prior team reflexivity research, we propose that reflexivity-related team processes reduce demands, and enhance control and support. Given the centrality of these factors to work-based strain, we posit that team reflexivity, by affecting these factors, may have beneficial implications on 3 core dimensions of employee burnout, namely exhaustion, cynicism, and inefficacy (reduced personal accomplishment)...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234291/the-role-of-baseline-vagal-tone-in-dealing-with-a-stressor-during-face-to-face-and-computer-based-social-interactions
#3
Daniele Rigoni, Francesca Morganti, Paride Braibanti
Facing a stressor involves a cardiac vagal tone response and a feedback effect produced by social interaction in visceral regulation. This study evaluated the contribution of baseline vagal tone and of social engagement system (SES) functioning on the ability to deal with a stressor. Participants (n = 70) were grouped into a minimized social interaction condition (procedure administered through a PC) and a social interaction condition (procedure administered by an experimenter). The State Trait Anxiety Inventory, the Social Interaction Anxiety Scale, the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire and a debriefing questionnaire were completed by the subjects...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233442/preparing-students-for-residency-interviews-through-a-residency-interview-boot-camp
#4
Timothy R Ulbrich, Jaclyn A Boyle
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To describe the offering of the residency boot camp activity at one college of pharmacy for students in their fourth professional year. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Student pharmacists in their final professional year of pharmacy school were invited to participate in a voluntary residency boot camp activity. Originally, the activity consisted of four parts: (1) guidance on preparing for residency interviews; (2) a 1:1 mock interview with a resident, faculty member, residency preceptor or area program director; (3) a review of the student's curriculum vitae (CV) and letter of intent; and (4) a review of the application timeline and process...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233433/interprofessional-objective-structured-teaching-exercise-ioste-to-train-preceptors
#5
Livia R M McCutcheon, Kathryn Whitcomb, Craig D Cox, Mary S Klein, Hansel Burley, Terrance Youngblood, Cynthia Raehl
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Interprofessional education (IPE) is important in the education of all health care students, yet limited IPE training has been provided to preceptors who train these students in the clinical setting. Simulation using the standardized student model has been used to train health care preceptors in medicine. To our knowledge, there are no reports utilizing interprofessional objective structured teaching exercises (iOSTE) to train pharmacy preceptors. The primary objectives of this pilot study were to evaluate the effects of iOSTE on the pharmacy preceptors' perceived importance of the Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) core competencies and confidence in precepting interprofessional students...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233373/interprofessional-education-in-pharmacology-using-high-fidelity-simulation
#6
Brittney A Meyer, Teresa M Seefeldt, Surachat Ngorsuraches, Lori D Hendrickx, Paula M Lubeck, Debra K Farver, Jodi R Heins
BACKGROUND: This study examined the feasibility of an interprofessional high-fidelity pharmacology simulation and its impact on pharmacy and nursing students' perceptions of interprofessionalism and pharmacology knowledge. INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: Pharmacy and nursing students participated in a pharmacology simulation using a high-fidelity patient simulator. Faculty-facilitated debriefing included discussion of the case and collaboration. To determine the impact of the activity on students' perceptions of interprofessionalism and their ability to apply pharmacology knowledge, surveys were administered to students before and after the simulation...
November 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229317/team-based-simulations-for-new-surgeons-does-early-and-often-make-a-difference
#7
Kareem R AbdelFattah, M Chance Spalding, David Leshikar, Aimee K Gardner
BACKGROUND: Current work hour restrictions and the expansion of requirements for surgery residents has led to decreased time on high-acuity rotations such as trauma and acute care surgery. In an effort to improve resident competency, we examined the efficacy of a new team-based trauma curriculum for postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents. METHODS: After completing required Advanced Trauma Life Support certification, PGY1s participated in a series of trauma simulations in 3-person teams from June to August...
December 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223212/how-to-engage-your-team-to-implement-delayed-cord-clamping
#8
Rebecca L Gams, Kimberly K Popp, Julianne Cramer, Thomas N George, Phillip N Rauk, Samantha A Sommerness, Jane A Sublette
This article describes how a health care team changed practice by implementing delayed cord clamping as standard practice. After administration of a survey to assess clinicians' knowledge and to discover barriers to this proposed practice change, members of a multidisciplinary committee used the results to create a guideline for delayed cord clamping and a plan for successful implementation. Integral to embedding and sustaining changes in practice was development of the Delivery Room Brief and Debrief Tool and inclusion of the process into nursing guidelines and the electronic health record...
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217101/a-novel-in-situ-simulation-intervention-used-to-mitigate-an-outbreak-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#9
Kathleen Gibbs, Samuel DeMaria, Scarlett McKinsey, Andrea Fede, Anne Harrington, Deborah Hutchison, Carol Torchen, Adam Levine, Andrew Goldberg
OBJECTIVE: To describe the successful implementation of an in situ simulation program to diagnose and correct latent safety threats in a level 4 neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to mitigate a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) outbreak. STUDY DESIGN: An investigational report describes a simulation intervention that occurred during a 4-month MRSA outbreak in a single-center, 46-bed, newly renovated level 4 NICU. The simulation program was developed for all NICU providers in which they were exposed to a 30-minute in situ human simulation intervention that included education, evaluation, and debriefing to resolve perceived or observed latent safety threats...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210891/debriefing-to-improve-student-ability-to-assess-and-plan-for-the-care-of-persons-with-disability
#10
Mikiko Y Takeda, Mark J Smith, Catherine J Cone
INTRODUCTION: Although recent literature suggests that students should be trained in the care of persons with disability (PWDs) as a form of cultural sensitivity (CS), healthcare professionals may receive limited experience during their formal training. After pharmacy students in 2 previous years of testing failed to adequately assess and plan for the care of a standardized patient's chief complaint and disability in an Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), the investigators added debriefing to the OSCE to determine if it would improve student's ability to assess and plan for the care of PWD...
November 28, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205739/the-use-of-psychiatry-focused-simulation-in-undergraduate-nursing-education-a-systematic-search-and-review
#11
REVIEW
Amanda D Vandyk, Michelle Lalonde, Sabrina Merali, Erica Wright, Irmajean Bajnok, Barbara Davies
Evidence on the use of simulation to teach psychiatry and mental health (including addiction) content is emerging, yet no summary of the implementation processes or associated outcomes exists. The aim of this study was to systematically search and review empirical literature on the use of psychiatry-focused simulation in undergraduate nursing education. Objectives were to (i) assess the methodological quality of existing evidence on the use of simulation to teach mental health content to undergraduate nursing students, (ii) describe the operationalization of the simulations, and (iii) summarize the associated quantitative and qualitative outcomes...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205671/fronto-parietal-coding-of-goal-directed-actions-performed-by-artificial-agents
#12
Aleksandra Kupferberg, Marco Iacoboni, Virginia Flanagin, Markus Huber, Anna Kasparbauer, Thomas Baumgartner, Gregor Hasler, Florian Schmidt, Christoph Borst, Stefan Glasauer
With advances in technology, artificial agents such as humanoid robots will soon become a part of our daily lives. For safe and intuitive collaboration, it is important to understand the goals behind their motor actions. In humans, this process is mediated by changes in activity in fronto-parietal brain areas. The extent to which these areas are activated when observing artificial agents indicates the naturalness and easiness of interaction. Previous studies indicated that fronto-parietal activity does not depend on whether the agent is human or artificial...
December 5, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204894/the-development-of-the-genital-psoriasis-sexual-frequency-questionnaire-genps-sfq-to-assess-the-impact-of-genital-psoriasis-on-sexual-health
#13
Alice B Gottlieb, Brian Kirby, Caitriona Ryan, April N Naegeli, Russel Burge, Alison Potts Bleakman, Milena D Anatchkova, Jennifer Cather
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROs) exist for psoriasis but not genital psoriasis (GenPs). METHODS: This cross-sectional, qualitative study in patients with moderate-to-severe GenPs was conducted to support development of a PRO for measuring the impact of GenPs on sexual activity and to establish content validity. The impacts of GenPs were identified in a literature review. Findings from the literature review were discussed with clinicians, and then patients with GenPs were interviewed...
December 4, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204893/the-development-of-a-patient-reported-outcome-measure-for-assessment-of-genital-psoriasis-symptoms-the-genital-psoriasis-symptoms-scale-gpss
#14
Alice B Gottlieb, Brian Kirby, Caitriona Ryan, April N Naegeli, Russel Burge, Alison Potts Bleakman, Milena D Anatchkova, Gil Yosipovitch
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROs) specific for genital psoriasis (GenPs) have not been described. METHODS: In this cross-sectional, qualitative study in patients with moderate-to-severe GenPs, we sought to develop a PRO useful for GenPs symptom assessment. A literature review was performed to identify relevant psoriasis or GenPs symptoms and existing PROs that may be useful in the evaluation of symptom severity in GenPs patients. The literature review findings were discussed with clinicians, and then patients with GenPs...
December 4, 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195107/a-cross-national-study-to-objectively-evaluate-the-quality-of-diverse-simulation-approaches-for-undergraduate-nursing-students
#15
Ashley K Kable, Tracy L Levett-Jones, Carol Arthur, Kerry Reid-Searl, Melanie Humphreys, Sara Morris, Pauline Walsh, Nicola J Witton
The aim of this paper is to report the results of a cross-national study that evaluated a range of simulation sessions using an observation schedule developed from evidence-based quality indicators. Observational data were collected from 17 simulation sessions conducted for undergraduate nursing students at three universities in Australia and the United Kingdom. The observation schedule contained 27 questions that rated simulation quality. Data were collected by direct observation and from video recordings of the simulation sessions...
October 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194491/healthcare-providers-perceptions-of-a-situational-awareness-display-for-emergency-department-resuscitation-a-simulation-qualitative-study
#16
Lisa A Calder, Abhi Bhandari, George Mastoras, Kathleen Day, Kathryn Momtahan, Matthew Falconer, Brian Weitzman, Benjamin Sohmer, A Adam Cwinn, Stanley J Hamstra, Avi Parush
Importance: Emergency resuscitation of critically ill patients can challenge team communication and situational awareness. Tools facilitating team performance may enhance patient safety. Objectives: To determine resuscitation team members' perceptions of the Situational Awareness Display's utility. Design: We conducted focus groups with healthcare providers during Situational Awareness Display development. After simulations assessing the display, we conducted debriefs with participants...
November 29, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194246/using-national-measures-of-patients-perceptions-of-health-care-to-design-and-debrief-clinical-simulations
#17
Shelly L Eisert, Rebecca J Bartlett Ellis, Jennifer W Geers, Karen L Werskey
This article describes an innovative approach to using national measures of patients' perspectives of quality health care. Nurses from a regional simulation consortium designed and executed a simulation using the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey to prepare nurses to improve care and, in turn, enhance patients' perceptions of care. The consortium is currently revising the reporting mechanism to collect data about specific learning objectives based on national quality indicator benchmarks, specifically HCAHPS...
January 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193410/an-integrative-review-of-rural-and-remote-nursing-graduate-programs-and-experiences-of-nursing-graduates
#18
REVIEW
Amanda C Fowler, Diane Twigg, Elisabeth Jacob, Barbara Nattabi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine international studies that specifically focus on transition to practice for graduate registered nurses in rural and remote areas. BACKGROUND: Supportive graduate nursing programs are essential for enabling nursing graduates' transition to practice and reducing attrition rates. Literature examining support measures for nursing graduates within metropolitan areas is abundant. However, there is a paucity of evidence on effective graduate programs for rural and remote based nursing graduates...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187126/simulation-based-communication-skills-training-for-experienced-clinicians-to-improve-family-conversations-about-organ-and-tissue-donation
#19
Julie Elizabeth Potter, Jonathan J Gatward, Michelle A Kelly, Leigh McKay, Ellie McCann, Rosalind M Elliott, Lin Perry
INTRODUCTION: The approach, communication skills, and confidence of clinicians responsible for raising deceased organ donation may influence families' donation decisions. The aim of this study was to increase the preparedness and confidence of intensive care clinicians allocated to work in a "designated requester" role. DESIGN: We conducted a posttest evaluation of an innovative simulation-based training program. Simulation-based training enabled clinicians to rehearse the "balanced approach" to family donation conversations (FDCs) in the designated requester role...
December 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186647/-students-clinical-nurse-preceptors-and-academic-tutors-perception-and-experience-in-relation-to-the-implementation-of-a-dedicated-education-unit-a-qualitative-study-using-focus-group
#20
Loris Bonetti, Manuela Cattalani, Angela Pacciani, Cristina Angelini, Patrizia Basile, Maria Cristina Currà, Ernesto Evicelli, Daniela Spotti, Carmela Crisalide, Giuseppina LeDonne
OBJECTIVE: analyse students, clinical nurse preceptors and academic tutors' perception and experience further to the implementation of a Dedicated Education Unit (DEU) in a pulmonary medicine ward. METHOD: The study follows a qualitative descriptive method. Data have been collected through focus groups (FGs). We have organized four different FGs, a specific focus group for each stakeholder (students, nurses and tutors) and a closing one with everybody. Each FG followed a qualitative content analysis method...
July 2017: Professioni Infermieristiche
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