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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532470/health-care-professionals-attitudes-towards-evidence-based-medicine-in-the-workers-compensation-setting-a-cohort-study
#1
Nieke A Elbers, Robin Chase, Ashley Craig, Lyn Guy, Ian A Harris, James W Middleton, Michael K Nicholas, Trudy Rebbeck, John Walsh, Simon Willcock, Keri Lockwood, Ian D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Problems may arise during the approval process of treatment after a compensable work injury, which include excess paperwork, delays in approving services, disputes, and allegations of over-servicing. This is perceived as undesirable for injured people, health care professionals and claims managers, and costly to the health care system, compensation system, workplaces and society. Introducing an Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) decision tool in the workers' compensation system could provide a partial solution, by reducing uncertainty about effective treatment...
May 22, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480867/-the-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-implementation-of-information-system-1c-enterprise-in-the-hospital
#2
A Baimagambetova, D Kulov, A Tsay, K Kairbekova, M Sakenova
The aim of research was to assess the impact of the introduction of information system 1C: Enterprise on the work of medical staff. It was evaluated staff satisfaction in terms of quality and speed of their duties, as well as sociological changes after the introduction in the work the information system 1C: Enterprise from 2010. The research involved 138 employees of the hospital, including 48 doctors and 90 nurses with experience of at least 5 years. The average age of respondents was 45 years. The study was conducted through questionnaires, including questions relating to life expectancy, changing the speed and quality of execution of tasks, also attended to questions about the change in the frequency of conflict situations and wages...
March 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475555/epidural-neostigmine-versus-fentanyl-to-decrease-bupivacaine-use-in-patient-controlled-epidural-analgesia-during-labor-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-study
#3
Jessica L Booth, Vernon H Ross, Kenneth E Nelson, Lynnette Harris, James C Eisenach, Peter H Pan
BACKGROUND: The addition of opioids to epidural local anesthetic reduces local anesthetic consumption by 20% but at the expense of side effects and time spent for regulatory compliance paperwork. Epidural neostigmine also reduces local anesthetic use. The authors hypothesized that epidural bupivacaine with neostigmine would decrease total hourly bupivacaine use compared with epidural bupivacaine with fentanyl for patient-controlled epidural analgesia. METHODS: A total of 215 American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status II, laboring parturients requesting labor epidural analgesia consented to the study and were randomized to receive 0...
May 5, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461656/shipment-of-live-preimplantation-stage-mouse-embryos
#4
Richard Behringer, Marina Gertsenstein, Kristina Vintersten Nagy, Andras Nagy
Sharing genetically modified mouse models is a very important part of collaboration between researchers. Shipping live animals around the world is inconvenient, expensive, and cumbersome because of the variety of international regulations and paperwork. The issue of health status differences between animal facilities is of great importance; traditionally, imported animals are quarantined to determine their health status and avoid the introduction of undesirable pathogens. The shipment of preimplantation-stage embryos for immediate transfer into pseudopregnant recipients upon arrival is a commonly used method for transportation...
May 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426297/note-from-the-editor-in-chief-who-wants-to-exclude-older-lgbt-persons-from-public-health-surveillance
#5
Alfredo Morabia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410179/clinical-trial-electronic-portals-for-expedited-safety-reporting-recommendations-from-the-clinical-trials-transformation-initiative-investigational-new-drug-safety-advancement-project
#6
Raymond P Perez, Shanda Finnigan, Krupa Patel, Shanell Whitney, Annemarie Forrest
BACKGROUND: Use of electronic clinical trial portals has increased in recent years to assist with sponsor-investigator communication, safety reporting, and clinical trial management. Electronic portals can help reduce time and costs associated with processing paperwork and add security measures; however, there is a lack of information on clinical trial investigative staff's perceived challenges and benefits of using portals. OBJECTIVE: The Clinical Trials Transformation Initiative (CTTI) sought to (1) identify challenges to investigator receipt and management of investigational new drug (IND) safety reports at oncologic investigative sites and coordinating centers and (2) facilitate adoption of best practices for communicating and managing IND safety reports using electronic portals...
December 15, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395069/involved-in-the-business-of-death-the-social-work-role-in-postmortem-care
#7
Susan Sefansky
One way that hospitals address concerns about postmortem care is through an office of decedent affairs (ODA). Many hospitals use this office to collect death paperwork, release bodies to funeral homes, perform autopsies, or increase rates of autopsies and organ and tissue donations. It is not common for an ODA to report to the Department of Social Work rather than the Department of Pathology. Few offices put the emphasis on postmortem care for families or staff members. A comprehensive postmortem program needs many different components, including support to families (for example, viewing the dead, advising on next steps after a death, and providing bereavement support), consulting with and supporting multidisciplinary staffers, and coordinating with multiple medical center departments...
February 1, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375589/health-care-s-other-big-deal-direct-primary-care-regulation-in-contemporary-american-health-law
#8
Glenn E Chappell
Direct primary care is a promising, market-based alternative to the fee-for-service payment structure that shapes doctor–patient relationships in America. Instead of billing patients and insurers service by service, direct primary care doctors charge their patients a periodic, prenegotiated fee in exchange for providing a wide range of healthcare services and increased availability compared to traditional practices. This “subscription” model is intended to eliminate the administrative burdens associated with insurer interaction, which, in theory, allows doctors to spend more time with their patients and less time doing paperwork...
March 2017: Duke Law Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375393/can-scribes-boost-fps-efficiency-and-job-satisfaction
#9
Stephen T Earls, Judith A Savageau, Susan Begley, Barry G Saver, Kate Sullivan, Alan Chuman
Purpose: Research in other medical specialties has shown that the addition of medical scribes to the clinical team enhances physicians' practice experience and increases productivity. To date, literature on the implementation of scribes in primary care is limited. To determine the feasibility and benefits of implementing scribes in family medicine, we undertook a pilot mixed- method quality improvement (QI) study. Methods: In 2014, we incorporated 4 parttime scribes into an academic family medicine practice consisting of 7 physicians...
April 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345437/clinical-profile-dosing-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-in-primary-immune-deficiency-patients-treated-at-home-with-immunoglobulin-g-data-from-the-ideal-patient-registry
#10
Sean Kearns, Loretta Kristofek, William Bolgar, Luqman Seidu, Samantha Kile
BACKGROUND: Patients with primary immune deficiency (PID) often require immunoglobulin G (IgG, commonly referred to as Ig) replacement therapy to prevent infections and associated comorbidities. Ig therapy can be given either through intravenous or subcutaneous routes, and both can be done in the home setting. There is limited information available on the real-world diagnosis, management, and outcomes of this patient population, given the variable disease presentation and treatment options...
April 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324221/insuring-care-paperwork-insurance-rules-and-clinical-labor-at-a-u-s-transgender-clinic
#11
Marieke van Eijk
What is a clinician to do when people needing medical care do not have access to consistent or sufficient health insurance coverage and cannot pay for care privately? Analyzing ethnographically how clinicians at a university-based transgender clinic in the United States responded to this challenge, I examine the U.S. health insurance system, insurance paperwork, and administrative procedures that shape transgender care delivery. To buffer the impact of the system's failure to provide sufficient health insurance coverage for transgender care, clinicians blended administrative routines with psychological therapy, counseled people's minds and finances, and leveraged the prestige of their clinic in attempts to create space for gender nonconforming embodiments in gender conservative insurance policies...
March 21, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304259/an-extended-expectation-confirmation-model-for-mobile-nursing-information-system-continuance
#12
Pi-Jung Hsieh, Hui-Min Lai, Chen-Chung Ma, Judith W Alexander, Memg-Yi Lin
Nursing is critical in health care systems and comprises the planning, execution, and documentation of nursing care. To better manage health care information during patient care, the use of a mobile nursing information system (MNIS) provides more time to care for inpatients by reducing time-consuming and redundant paperwork. The purpose of this study was to extend the expectation-confirmation model and explore the roles of nursing professional competency (skill in use), habit (customary use), satisfaction (with use), and frequency of prior use in the context of MNIS continuance usage...
November 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294035/under-pressure-a-day-in-the-life-of-front-line-nurses
#13
Liz Alderton, Jason Gray O'Connor, Hilda Hayo
7.10am: In office to finish previous day's paperwork.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286761/developing-an-app-by-exploiting-web-based-mobile-technology-to-inspect-controlled-substances-in-patient-care-units
#14
Ying-Hao Lu, Li-Yao Lee, Ying-Lan Chen, Hsing-I Cheng, Wen-Tsung Tsai, Chen-Chun Kuo, Chung-Yu Chen, Yaw-Bin Huang
We selected iOS in this study as the App operation system, Objective-C as the programming language, and Oracle as the database to develop an App to inspect controlled substances in patient care units. Using a web-enabled smartphone, pharmacist inspection can be performed on site and the inspection result can be directly recorded into HIS through the Internet, so human error of data translation can be minimized and the work efficiency and data processing can be improved. This system not only is fast and convenient compared to the conventional paperwork, but also provides data security and accuracy...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243441/improving-theatre-turnaround-time
#15
Daniel Fletcher, David Edwards, Stephen Tolchard, Richard Baker, James Berstock
The NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement has determined that a £7 million saving can be achieved per trust by improving theatre efficiency. The aim of this quality improvement project was to improve orthopaedic theatre turnaround without compromising the patient safety. We process mapped all the stages from application of dressing to knife to skin on the next patient in order to identify potential areas for improvement. Several suggestions arose which were tested in multiple PDSA cycles in a single theatre...
2017: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238207/-who-s-actually-gonna-read-this-an-evaluation-of-staff-experiences-of-the-value-of-information-contained-in-written-care-plans-in-supporting-care-in-three-different-dementia-care-settings
#16
Corinne Drummond, Alan Simpson
BACKGROUND: Reports of increased healthcare bureaucracy and concerns over care plan quality have emerged from research and surveys into staff and service user experiences. Little is known of mental health staff perspectives on the value of written care plans in supporting dementia care. AIM: To investigate the experiences and views of staff in relation to care planning in dementia services in one National Health Service (NHS) provider Trust in England. METHOD: Grounded Theory methodology was used...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166769/medical-graduates-preparedness-to-practice-a-comparison-of-undergraduate-medical-school-training
#17
Susan Miles, Joanne Kellett, Sam J Leinster
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that newly qualified doctors do not feel prepared to start work. This study examined views of first year Foundation doctors (F1s) regarding how prepared they felt by their undergraduate medical education for skills required during the first Foundation training year in relation to their type of training. METHOD: One-hundred and eighty two F1s completed a questionnaire during their first rotation of Foundation training. Analysis was conducted by type of medical school training: Problem-Based Learning (PBL), Traditional or Reformed...
February 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152793/transitions-in-care-and-reduction-in-discharge-errors
#18
Tara Szyamnski, Megan Begnoche, Carol Chase, Michelle Moreau, Jessica Barnett
77 Background: Patients are often overwhelmed at the time of hospital discharge and focus on home rather than the discharge process. Fragmented communication and lack of planning between the hospital team, patient, family and primary oncologist can lead to frustration and delays in implementation of palliative or curative therapies and potential hospital readmission when the plan of care is not followed in a timely manner. Our goal is to avoid medication errors, delays in implementation of a care plan and reemergence of symptoms or new symptoms as a result of a suboptimal discharge transition...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145734/-fellow-of-the-day-a-novel-trainee-role-to-improve-fellows-outpatient-continuity-clinics
#19
Diana J Kelm, Joseph H Skalski, Kannan Ramar
RATIONALE: The implementation of team-based care models in residency programs is one method to improve patient and provider outpatient satisfaction. However, to our knowledge, this has not yet been studied in fellowship programs. OBJECTIVES: We instituted a pilot project to test a team-based model of care in our pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM) fellows' clinic by creating a new outpatient role called the "Fellow of the Day," with the goal of reducing clinical disruption for the fellows, providing more educational value for medical students, and improving patient care...
April 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104042/electronic-health-records-and-online-medical-records-an-asset-or-a-liability-under-current-conditions
#20
Judith Allen-Graham, Lauren Mitchell, Natalie Heriot, Roksana Armani, David Langton, Michele Levinson, Alan Young, Julian A Smith, Tom Kotsimbos, John W Wilson
Objective The aim of the present study was to audit the current use of medical records to determine completeness and concordance with other sources of medical information.Methods Medical records for 40 patients from each of five Melbourne major metropolitan hospitals were randomly selected (n=200). A quantitative audit was performed for detailed patient information and medical record keeping, as well as data collection, storage and utilisation. Using each hospital's current online clinical database, scanned files and paperwork available for each patient audited, the reviewers sourced as much relevant information as possible within a 30-min time allocation from both the record and the discharge summary...
January 20, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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