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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506442/boosting-syntax-training-with-temporally-regular-musical-primes-in-children-with-cochlear-implants
#1
N Bedoin, A-M Besombes, E Escande, A Dumont, P Lalitte, B Tillmann
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has suggested the use of rhythmic structures (implemented in musical material) to improve linguistic structure processing (i.e., syntax processing), in particular for populations showing deficits in syntax and temporal processing (e.g., children with developmental language disorders). The present study proposes a long-term training program to improve syntax processing in children with cochlear implants, a population showing syntax processing deficits in perception and production...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499298/-cochlear-implant-state-of-the-art
#2
Thomas Lenarz
Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for the auditory rehabilitation of patients with sensory deafness. They restore the missing function of inner hair cells by transforming the acoustic signal into electrical stimuli for activation of auditory nerve fibers. Due to the very fast technology development cochlear implants provide open-set speech understanding in the majority of patients including the use of the telephone. Children can achieve a near to normal speech and language development provided their deafness is detected early after onset and implantation is performed quickly thereafter...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479187/brain-based-individual-difference-measures-of-reading-skill-in-deaf-and-hearing-adults
#3
Alison S Mehravari, Karen Emmorey, Chantel S Prat, Lindsay Klarman, Lee Osterhout
Most deaf children and adults struggle to read, but some deaf individuals do become highly proficient readers. There is disagreement about the specific causes of reading difficulty in the deaf population, and consequently, disagreement about the effectiveness of different strategies for teaching reading to deaf children. Much of the disagreement surrounds the question of whether deaf children read in similar or different ways as hearing children. In this study, we begin to answer this question by using real-time measures of neural language processing to assess if deaf and hearing adults read proficiently in similar or different ways...
May 4, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416204/-they-must-understand-we-are-people-pregnancy-and-maternity-service-use-among-signing-deaf-women-in-cape-town
#4
Margaret W Gichane, Marion Heap, Mayara Fontes, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Women with disabilities are at disproportionate risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes, however, there is limited information on their pregnancy histories. This mixed-methods study focuses on signing Deaf women whose access to health care may be compromised by language barriers related to their disability. OBJECTIVE: To describe and compare the pregnancy outcomes and maternity service use of a sample of signing Deaf women of child-bearing age in Cape Town to the population of the Western Cape of South Africa...
April 6, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408872/social-interaction-affects-neural-outcomes-of-sign-language-learning-as-a-foreign-language-in-adults
#5
Noriaki Yusa, Jungho Kim, Masatoshi Koizumi, Motoaki Sugiura, Ryuta Kawashima
Children naturally acquire a language in social contexts where they interact with their caregivers. Indeed, research shows that social interaction facilitates lexical and phonological development at the early stages of child language acquisition. It is not clear, however, whether the relationship between social interaction and learning applies to adult second language acquisition of syntactic rules. Does learning second language syntactic rules through social interactions with a native speaker or without such interactions impact behavior and the brain? The current study aims to answer this question...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399063/language-outcomes-in-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-teenagers-who-are-spoken-language-users-effects-of-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-and-early-confirmation
#6
Hannah Pimperton, Jana Kreppner, Merle Mahon, Jim Stevenson, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Sarah Worsfold, Ho Ming Yuen, Colin R Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine whether (a) exposure to universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) and b) early confirmation of hearing loss were associated with benefits to expressive and receptive language outcomes in the teenage years for a cohort of spoken language users. It also aimed to determine whether either of these two variables was associated with benefits to relative language gain from middle childhood to adolescence within this cohort. DESIGN: The participants were drawn from a prospective cohort study of a population sample of children with bilateral permanent childhood hearing loss, who varied in their exposure to UNHS and who had previously had their language skills assessed at 6-10 years...
April 10, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382120/outcomes-of-late-implantation-in-usher-syndrome-patients
#7
Ana Cristina H Hoshino, Agustina Echegoyen, Maria Valéria Schmidt Goffi-Gomez, Robinson Koji Tsuji, Ricardo Ferreira Bento
Introduction Usher syndrome (US) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by hearing loss and progressive visual impairment. Some deaf Usher syndrome patients learn to communicate using sign language. During adolescence, as they start losing vision, they are usually referred to cochlear implantation as a salvage for their new condition. Is a late implantation beneficial to these children? Objective The objective of this study is to describe the outcomes of US patients who received cochlear implants at a later age...
April 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365363/audio-visual-temporal-perception-in-children-with-restored-hearing
#8
Monica Gori, Anna Chilosi, Francesca Forli, David Burr
It is not clear how audio-visual temporal perception develops in children with restored hearing. In this study we measured temporal discrimination thresholds with an audio-visual temporal bisection task in 9 deaf children with restored audition, and 22 typically hearing children. In typically hearing children, audition was more precise than vision, with no gain in multisensory conditions (as previously reported in Gori et al. (2012b)). However, deaf children with restored audition showed similar thresholds for audio and visual thresholds and some evidence of gain in audio-visual temporal multisensory conditions...
March 30, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286402/retrospective-basic-parent-child-communication-difficulties-and-risk-of-depression-in-deaf-adults
#9
Poorna Kushalnagar, Sheila Bruce, Tina Sutton, Irene W Leigh
This paper describes the relationship between retrospective communication difficulties and current depressive symptomatology. A total of 143 deaf/hard-of-hearing late adolescents and adults (64 % White; 55 % female) completed questionnaires related to parent communication, language history and current psychological functioning. Logistic regression models were used to estimate the likelihood of having depression that is associated with understanding parents' communication after controlling for gender, hearing level, and language history...
February 2017: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280057/discourses-of-prejudice-in-the-professions-the-case-of-sign-languages
#10
Tom Humphries, Poorna Kushalnagar, Gaurav Mathur, Donna Jo Napoli, Carol Padden, Christian Rathmann, Scott Smith
There is no evidence that learning a natural human language is cognitively harmful to children. To the contrary, multilingualism has been argued to be beneficial to all. Nevertheless, many professionals advise the parents of deaf children that their children should not learn a sign language during their early years, despite strong evidence across many research disciplines that sign languages are natural human languages. Their recommendations are based on a combination of misperceptions about (1) the difficulty of learning a sign language, (2) the effects of bilingualism, and particularly bimodalism, (3) the bona fide status of languages that lack a written form, (4) the effects of a sign language on acquiring literacy, (5) the ability of technologies to address the needs of deaf children and (6) the effects that use of a sign language will have on family cohesion...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278741/the-role-of-motion-and-intensity-in-deaf-children-s-recognition-of-real-human-facial-expressions-of-emotion
#11
Anna C Jones, Roberto Gutierrez, Amanda K Ludlow
There is substantial evidence to suggest that deafness is associated with delays in emotion understanding, which has been attributed to delays in language acquisition and opportunities to converse. However, studies addressing the ability to recognise facial expressions of emotion have produced equivocal findings. The two experiments presented here attempt to clarify emotion recognition in deaf children by considering two aspects: the role of motion and the role of intensity in deaf children's emotion recognition...
February 14, 2017: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241207/literacy-outcomes-for-primary-school-children-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-a-cohort-comparison-study
#12
Margaret Harris, Emmanouela Terlektsi, Fiona E Kyle
Purpose: In this study, we compared the language and literacy of two cohorts of children with severe-profound hearing loss, recruited 10 years apart, to determine if outcomes had improved in line with the introduction of newborn hearing screening and access to improved hearing aid technology. Method: Forty-two children with deafness, aged 5-7 years with a mean unaided loss of 102 DB, were assessed on language, reading, and phonological skills. Their performance was compared with that of a similar group of 32 children with deafness assessed 10 years earlier and also a group of 40 children with normal hearing of similar single word reading ability...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238974/why-american-sign-language-gloss-must-matter
#13
Samuel J Supalla, Jody H Cripps, Andrew P Byrne
Responding to an article by Grushkin on how deaf children best learn to read, published, along with the present article, in an American Annals of the Deaf special issue, the authors review American Sign Language gloss. Topics include how ASL gloss enables deaf children to learn to read in their own language and simultaneously experience a transition to written English, and what gloss looks like and how it underlines deaf children's learning and mastery of English literacy through ASL. Rebuttal of Grushkin's argument includes data describing a deaf child's engagement in reading aloud (entirely in ASL) with a gloss text, which occurred without the breakdown implied by Grushkin...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238972/-thinking-for-writing-a-prolegomenon-on-writing-signed-languages
#14
Russell S Rosen, Maria C Hartman, Ye Wang
In his article in this American Annals of the Deaf special issue that also includes the present article, Grushkin argues that the writing difficulties of many deaf and hard of hearing children result primarily from the orthographic nature of the writing system; he proposes a new system based on features found in signed languages. In response, the present authors review the literature on D/HH children's writing difficulties, outline the main percepts of and assumptions about writing signed languages, discuss "thinking-for-writing" as a process in developing writing skills, offer research designs to test the effectiveness of writing signed language systems, and provide strategies for adopting "thinking-for-writing" in education...
2017: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220085/peripheral-visual-reaction-time-is-faster-in-deaf-adults-and-british-sign-language-interpreters-than-in-hearing-adults
#15
Charlotte J Codina, Olivier Pascalis, Heidi A Baseler, Alexandra T Levine, David Buckley
Following auditory deprivation, the remaining sense of vision has shown selective enhancement in visual cognition, especially in the area of near peripheral vision. Visual acuity is poor in the far periphery and may be an area where sound confers the greatest advantage in hearing persons. Experience with a visuospatial language such as British Sign Language (BSL) makes additional demands on the visual system. To test the different and separable effects of deafness and use of a visuo-spatial language on far peripheral visual processing, we investigated visual reaction times (RTs) and response accuracy to visual stimuli, between 30° and 85° along the four cardinal and four inter-cardinal meridians...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219036/-i-use-it-when-i-see-it-the-role-of-development-and-experience-in-deaf-and-hearing-children-s-understanding-of-iconic-gesture
#16
Rachel W Magid, Jennie E Pyers
Iconicity is prevalent in gesture and in sign languages, yet the degree to which children recognize and leverage iconicity for early language learning is unclear. In Experiment 1 of the current study, we presented sign-naïve 3-, 4- and 5-year-olds (n=87) with iconic shape gestures and no additional scaffolding to ask whether children can spontaneously map iconic gestures to their referents. Four- and five-year-olds, but not three-year-olds, recognized the referents of iconic shape gestures above chance. Experiment 2 asked whether preschoolers (n=93) show an advantage in fast-mapping iconic gestures compared to arbitrary ones...
February 16, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215374/collaboration-with-deaf-communities-to-conduct-accessible-health-surveillance
#17
Steven L Barnett, Kelly A Matthews, Erika J Sutter, Lori A DeWindt, Jacqueline A Pransky, Amanda M O'Hearn, Tamala M David, Robert Q Pollard, Vincent J Samar, Thomas A Pearson
INTRODUCTION: Populations of deaf sign language users experience health disparities unmeasured by current public health surveillance. Population-specific health data are necessary to collaboratively identify health priorities and evaluate interventions. Standardized, reproducible, and language-concordant data collection in sign language is impossible via written or telephone surveys. METHODS: Deaf and hearing researchers, community members, and other stakeholders developed a broad computer-based health survey based on the telephone-administered Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System...
March 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204923/language-deprivation-syndrome-a-possible-neurodevelopmental-disorder-with-sociocultural-origins
#18
Wyatte C Hall, Leonard L Levin, Melissa L Anderson
PURPOSE: There is a need to better understand the epidemiological relationship between language development and psychiatric symptomatology. Language development can be particularly impacted by social factors-as seen in the developmental choices made for deaf children, which can create language deprivation. A possible mental health syndrome may be present in deaf patients with severe language deprivation. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched to identify publications focusing on language development and mental health in the deaf population...
February 16, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203210/auditory-and-visual-electrophysiology-of-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-implications-for-cross-modal-plasticity
#19
David P Corina, Shane Blau, Todd LaMarr, Laurel A Lawyer, Sharon Coffey-Corina
Deaf children who receive a cochlear implant early in life and engage in intensive oral/aural therapy often make great strides in spoken language acquisition. However, despite clinicians' best efforts, there is a great deal of variability in language outcomes. One concern is that cortical regions which normally support auditory processing may become reorganized for visual function, leaving fewer available resources for auditory language acquisition. The conditions under which these changes occur are not well understood, but we may begin investigating this phenomenon by looking for interactions between auditory and visual evoked cortical potentials in deaf children...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185206/what-you-don-t-know-can-hurt-you-the-risk-of-language-deprivation-by-impairing-sign-language-development-in-deaf-children
#20
Wyatte C Hall
A long-standing belief is that sign language interferes with spoken language development in deaf children, despite a chronic lack of evidence supporting this belief. This deserves discussion as poor life outcomes continue to be seen in the deaf population. This commentary synthesizes research outcomes with signing and non-signing children and highlights fully accessible language as a protective factor for healthy development. Brain changes associated with language deprivation may be misrepresented as sign language interfering with spoken language outcomes of cochlear implants...
May 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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