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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899716/learning-an-embodied-visual-language-four-imitation-strategies-available-to-sign-learners
#1
Aaron Shield, Richard P Meier
The parts of the body that are used to produce and perceive signed languages (the hands, face, and visual system) differ from those used to produce and perceive spoken languages (the vocal tract and auditory system). In this paper we address two factors that have important consequences for sign language acquisition. First, there are three types of lexical signs: one-handed, two-handed symmetrical, and two-handed asymmetrical. Natural variation in hand dominance in the population leads to varied input to children learning sign...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29889224/communicative-competence-of-oral-deaf-children-while-explaining-game-rules
#2
Dianne Toe, Louise Paatsch
Classrooms are characterized by interactions in a range of genres. The concise language required by expository interactions can be challenging for children who have atypical language, including children who are deaf and hard of hearing (DHH). This study compared the way three groups of upper primary school students (aged 8-13 years) taught a peer to play a new unfamiliar board game: (a) DHH "experts" teaching a "novice" hearing peer; (b) hearing experts teaching a DHH novice; and (c) a hearing expert teaching a hearing novice...
June 8, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867655/working-memory-for-linguistic-and-non-linguistic-manual-gestures-evidence-theory-and-application
#3
REVIEW
Mary Rudner
Linguistic manual gestures are the basis of sign languages used by deaf individuals. Working memory and language processing are intimately connected and thus when language is gesture-based, it is important to understand related working memory mechanisms. This article reviews work on working memory for linguistic and non-linguistic manual gestures and discusses theoretical and applied implications. Empirical evidence shows that there are effects of load and stimulus degradation on working memory for manual gestures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859581/a-comparison-of-morpho-syntactic-abilities-in-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implant-and-5-year-old-normal-hearing-children
#4
Samane Dehghani Golestani, Nahid Jalilevand, Mohammad Kamali
INTRODUCTION: Children with cochlear implants (CIs) have problems in morpho-syntactic abilities more than other language skills. The current study was aimed to evaluate the language samples of children with CIs by using a numerical measurement tool, Persian developmental sentence scoring (PDSS). METHOD: In this cross-sectional, descriptive, analytical study, 33 children (22 children with CIs and 11 with normal hearing) were recruited. Language samples of the children were recorded during the description of pictures...
July 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850437/hearing-children-of-deaf-parents-gender-and-birth-order-in-the-delegation-of-the-interpreter-role-in-culturally-deaf-families
#5
Nomfundo F Moroe, Victor de Andrade
Background: Culturally, hearing children born to Deaf parents may have to mediate two different positions within the hearing and Deaf cultures. However, there appears to be little written about the experiences of hearing children born to Deaf parents in the South African context. Objective: This study sought to investigate the roles of children of Deaf adults (CODAs) as interpreters in Deaf-parented families, more specifically, the influence of gender and birth order in language brokering...
2018: African Journal of Disability
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29800000/identification-of-pure-tone-audiologic-thresholds-for-pediatric-cochlear-implant-candidacy-a-systematic-review
#6
Jasper L de Kleijn, Ludwike W M van Kalmthout, Martijn J B van der Vossen, Bernard M D Vonck, Vedat Topsakal, Hanneke Bruijnzeel
Importance: Although current guidelines recommend cochlear implantation only for children with profound hearing impairment (HI) (>90 decibel [dB] hearing level [HL]), studies show that children with severe hearing impairment (>70-90 dB HL) could also benefit from cochlear implantation. Objective: To perform a systematic review to identify audiologic thresholds (in dB HL) that could serve as an audiologic candidacy criterion for pediatric cochlear implantation using 4 domains of speech and language development as independent outcome measures (speech production, speech perception, receptive language, and auditory performance)...
May 24, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794457/management-of-cochlear-nerve-hypoplasia-and-aplasia
#7
Simon R Freeman, Levent Sennaroglu
Approximately 2% of congenital profound deafness cases are due to cochlear nerve (CN) deficiency. MRI is essential to confirm if the nerve is deficient, but because of limitations with resolution, especially when the internal auditory canal is narrowed, it is often unable to distinguish between hypoplasia and aplasia. A full audiometric test battery should always be performed, even if the MRI suggests CN aplasia, as there will sometimes be evidence of audition. Electrically evoked auditory brainstem response testing can be carried out transtympanically via the round window or using an intracochlear test electrode to help determine the status of the CN...
2018: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794427/brain-plasticity-and-rehabilitation-with-a-cochlear-implant
#8
Colette M McKay
The functional changes that occur in the brain due to deafness may affect the way the auditory system processes sound after cochlear implantation. Brain plasticity plays a crucial role in the success of cochlear implantation to facilitate or develop spoken language in profoundly deaf individuals. The functional plasticity that occurs in postlingually deaf adults during periods of deafness can both support and hinder speech understanding with a cochlear implant, depending on the nature and degree of functional changes...
2018: Advances in Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780970/three-challenges-for-future-research-on-cochlear-implants
#9
REVIEW
David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Michael S Harris, Aaron C Moberly
Cochlear implants (CIs) often work very well for many children and adults with profound sensorineural (SNHL) hearing loss. Unfortunately, while many CI patients display substantial benefits in recognizing speech and understanding spoken language following cochlear implantation, a large number of patients achieve poor outcomes. Understanding and explaining the reasons for poor outcomes following implantation is a very challenging research problem that has received little attention despite the pressing clinical significance...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780965/cochlear-implantation-in-infants-below-12-months-of-age
#10
Richard T Miyamoto, Bethany Colson, Shirley Henning, David Pisoni
Objectives: To provide safety and efficacy data on infants implanted below 12 months of age. Methods: With the wide application of newborn hearing screening programs, infants with deafness are being identified at birth. When a hearing aid trial fails, cochlear implantation is the only option to restore hearing. Mounting evidence suggests that age at implantation is a strong predictor of language outcomes. Using the minimally invasive surgical technique we have employed for nearly two decades, a limited clinical trial was initiated in the year 2000 because this age limitation fell outside of FDA guidelines...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767737/recent-issues-in-the-use-of-signed-language-assessments-for-diagnosis-of-language-disorders-in-signing-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#11
Jon Henner, Rama Novogrodsky, Jeanne Reis, Robert Hoffmeister
In recent years, normed signed language assessments have become a useful tool for researchers, practitioners, and advocates. Nevertheless, there are limitations in their application, particularly for the diagnosis of language disorders, and learning disabilities. Here, we discuss some of the available normed, signed language assessments and some of their limitations. We have also provided information related to practices that should lead to improvement in the quality of signed language assessments.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761835/attention-to-speech-and-spoken-language-development-in-deaf-children-with-cochlear-implants-a-10-year-longitudinal-study
#12
Yuanyuan Wang, Carissa L Shafto, Derek M Houston
Early auditory/language experience plays an important role in language development. In this study, we examined the effects of severe-to-profound hearing loss and subsequent cochlear implantation on the development of attention to speech in children with cochlear implants (CIs). In addition, we investigated the extent to which attention to speech may predict spoken language development in children with CIs. We tested children with CIs and compared them to chronologically age-matched peers with normal hearing (NH) on their attention to speech at four time points post implantation; specifically, less than 1 month, 3 to 6 months, 12 months, and 18 months post implantation...
May 15, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732729/language-development-in-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-children-with-additional-disabilities-type-matters
#13
L Cupples, T Y C Ching, G Leigh, L Martin, M Gunnourie, L Button, V Marnane, S Hou, V Zhang, C Flynn, P Van Buynder
BACKGROUND: This study examined language development in young children with hearing loss and different types of additional disabilities (ADs). METHOD: A population-based cohort of 67 children who were enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study took part. Language ability was directly assessed at 3 and 5 years of age using the Preschool Language Scale, Fourth Edition and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Fourth Edition. Standard scores were used to enable comparison with age-based expectations for typically developing children...
June 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731473/deaf-children-and-their-families-sustainability-sign-language-and-equality
#14
Alys Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731472/the-impact-of-language-input-on-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-preschool-children-who-use-listening-and-spoken-language
#15
Ronda Rufsvold, Ye Wang, Maria C Hartman, Sonia B Arora, Elaine R Smolen
The researchers investigated the effects of adult language input on the quantity of language, vocabulary development, and understanding of basic concepts of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children who used listening and spoken language. Using audio recording and Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) software, the study involved 30 preschool DHH children who used spoken language as their communication modality and 11 typically hearing same-age peers. The children's language and the language spoken to them during all waking hours over a 2-day period (16 hours per day) were recorded and analyzed quantitatively and were compared to the children's performance on the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728185/surgical-timing-for-bilateral-simultaneous-cochlear-implants-when-is-best
#16
Sebastiano Franchella, Roberto Bovo, Luigia Bandolin, Flavia Gheller, Silvia Montino, Daniele Borsetto, Sara Ghiselli, Alessandro Martini
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is considered the most common congenital disease and the prevalence of neonatal deafness can be estimated between 1 and 2 cases per 1000 live births. Infant deafness must be diagnosed as early as possible and an effective therapeutic intervention needs to be carried out in order to avoid the serious consequences of hearing deprivation during the evolutionary period: alterations in the development of central auditory pathways and lack of language acquisition...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723069/prosodic-and-segmental-aspects-of-nonword-repetition-in-4-to-6-year-old-children-who-are-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-compared-to-controls-with-normal-hearing
#17
Simon Sundström, Ulrika Löfkvist, Björn Lyxell, Christina Samuelsson
Children who are deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) are at an increased risk of speech and language deficits. Nonword repetition (NWR) is a potential predictor of problems with phonology, grammar and lexicon in DHH children. The aim of the present study was to examine repetition of prosodic features and segments in nonwords by DHH children compared to children with normal hearing (NH) and to relate NWR performance to measures of language ability and background variables. In this cross-sectional study, 14 Swedish-speaking children with mild-profound sensorineural hearing loss, aged 4-6 years, and 29 age-matched controls with NH and typical language development participated...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718280/early-communication-development-of-children-with-auditory-brainstem-implants
#18
Laurie S Eisenberg, Dianne Hammes Ganguly, Amy S Martinez, Laurel M Fisher, Margaret E Winter, Jamie L Glater, Debra K Schrader, Janice Loggins, Eric P Wilkinson
The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is an auditory sensory device that is surgically placed on the cochlear nucleus of the brainstem for individuals who are deaf but unable to benefit from a cochlear implant (CI) due to anatomical abnormalities of the cochlea and/or eighth nerve, specific disease processes, or temporal bone fractures. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has authorized a Phase I clinical trial to determine safety and feasibility of the ABI in up to 10 eligible young children who are deaf and either derived no benefit from the CI or were anatomically unable to receive a CI...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713121/-his-whole-nature-requires-development-education-school-life-and-deafness-in-wales-1850-1914
#19
Mike Mantin
The history of deaf education has focused heavily on one major issue: the role of sign language and the rise of oralism as a means of suppressing the use of signs. This was a crucial debate which affected the lives of deaf children, informed social and cultural attitudes towards deafness and in many cases spurred resistance from deaf communities. However, other aspects of daily school life and the curriculum of Victorian and Edwardian deaf schools have rarely been commented upon. Focusing on the Cambrian Institution for the Deaf and Dumb, Wales' first deaf institution, this article will examine the teaching of writing and moral, religious and industrial education, all of which constructed an image of the intellectual and moral capabilities of the deaf child...
November 2017: Social History of Medicine: the Journal of the Society for the Social History of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687014/prediction-in-a-visual-language-real-time-sentence-processing-in-american-sign-language-across-development
#20
Amy M Lieberman, Arielle Borovsky, Rachel I Mayberry
Prediction during sign language comprehension may enable signers to integrate linguistic and non-linguistic information within the visual modality. In two eyetracking experiments, we investigated American Sign language (ASL) semantic prediction in deaf adults and children (aged 4-8 years). Participants viewed ASL sentences in a visual world paradigm in which the sentence-initial verb was either neutral or constrained relative to the sentence-final target noun. Adults and children made anticipatory looks to the target picture before the onset of the target noun in the constrained condition only, showing evidence for semantic prediction...
2018: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
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