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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660589/predicting-reading-ability-in-teenagers-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-a-longitudinal-analysis-of-language-and-reading
#1
Sarah Worsfold, Merle Mahon, Hannah Pimperton, Jim Stevenson, Colin Kennedy
BACKGROUND: Deaf and hard of hearing (D/HH) children and young people are known to show group-level deficits in spoken language and reading abilities relative to their hearing peers. However, there is little evidence on the longitudinal predictive relationships between language and reading in this population. AIMS: To determine the extent to which differences in spoken language ability in childhood predict reading ability in D/HH adolescents. METHODS: and procedures: Participants were drawn from a population-based cohort study and comprised 53 D/HH teenagers, who used spoken language, and a comparison group of 38 normally hearing teenagers...
April 13, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659103/real-time-lexical-comprehension-in-young-children-learning-american-sign-language
#2
Kyle MacDonald, Todd LaMarr, David Corina, Virginia A Marchman, Anne Fernald
When children interpret spoken language in real time, linguistic information drives rapid shifts in visual attention to objects in the visual world. This language-vision interaction can provide insights into children's developing efficiency in language comprehension. But how does language influence visual attention when the linguistic signal and the visual world are both processed via the visual channel? Here, we measured eye movements during real-time comprehension of a visual-manual language, American Sign Language (ASL), by 29 native ASL-learning children (16-53 mos, 16 deaf, 13 hearing) and 16 fluent deaf adult signers...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605368/differences-and-similarities-in-early-vocabulary-development-between-children-with-hearing-aids-and-children-with-cochlear-implant-enrolled-in-3-year-auditory-verbal-intervention
#3
Lone Percy-Smith, Maria Hallstrøm, Jane Lignel Josvassen, Jeanette Hølledig Mikkelsen, Lena Nissen, Eveline Dieleman, Per Cayé-Thomasen
OBJECTIVE: The overall objective of this study was to evaluate the implementation of a Nordic Auditory Verbal (AV) intervention for children with all degrees and types of hearing impairment (HI) using all kinds of hearing technology. A first specific objective was to identify differences and similarities in early vocabulary development between children with cochlear implant (CI) compared with children with hearing aids (HAs)/Bone anchored hearing aids (Bahs) enrolled in a 3-year AVprogram, and to compare the group of children with HI to a control group of children with normal hearing (NH)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540880/enabling-profound-hearing-impaired-children-to-articulate-words-using-lip-reading-through-software-application
#4
Lozina Shoaib, Sharifullah Khan, Muhammad Azeem Abbas, Ahmad Salman
OBJECTIVE: To mitigate the communication barriers of profound hearing-impaired children by enabling their word articulation ability. METHODS: This pre-experimental pilot study was conducted from September 2016 to March 2017 at the National Special Education Centre for Hearing Impaired Children, Islamabad, Pakistan, and comprised deaf children of both genders aged 5-8 years. A specially designed software application for lip-reading was employed to help the subjects articulate words...
March 2018: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515506/sociolinguistic-typology-and-sign-languages
#5
Adam Schembri, Jordan Fenlon, Kearsy Cormier, Trevor Johnston
This paper examines the possible relationship between proposed social determinants of morphological 'complexity' and how this contributes to linguistic diversity, specifically via the typological nature of the sign languages of deaf communities. We sketch how the notion of morphological complexity, as defined by Trudgill (2011), applies to sign languages. Using these criteria, sign languages appear to be languages with low to moderate levels of morphological complexity. This may partly reflect the influence of key social characteristics of communities on the typological nature of languages...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501303/auditory-and-language-development-in-mandarin-speaking-children-after-cochlear-implantation
#6
Xing Lu, Zhaobing Qin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate early auditory performance, speech perception and language skills in Mandarin-speaking prelingual deaf children in the first two years after they received a cochlear implant (CI) and analyse the effects of possible associated factors. METHODS: The Infant-Toddler Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (ITMAIS)/Meaningful Auditory Integration Scale (MAIS), Mandarin Early Speech Perception (MESP) test and Putonghua Communicative Development Inventory (PCDI) were used to assess auditory and language outcomes in 132 Mandarin-speaking children pre- and post-implantation...
April 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495042/-through-cochlear-implant-to-coda-cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-deaf-or-severely-hearing-impaired-parents-conditions-problems-results
#7
Arno Vogel
Cochlear implantation in children with deaf or severely hearing-impaired parents is possible. It is necessary to organize intensive auditory-verbal training before the children undergo implantation. Success of the children depends on mediators supporting the parents. These children grow up bilingually: sign language and spoken language. They can attend schools for the hard-of-hearing or regular schools for the hearing.
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494474/hearing-restoration-in-cochlear-nerve-deficiency-the-choice-between-cochlear-implant-or-auditory-brainstem-implant-a-meta-analysis
#8
Annemarie Vesseur, Rolien Free, Chantal Snels, Friedo Dekker, Emmanuel Mylanus, Berit Verbist, Johan Frijns
OBJECTIVE: To answer the dilemma clinician's face when deciding between cochlear implant (CI) and auditory brainstem implant (ABI) treatment options in patients with cochlear nerve deficiency (CND). STUDY DESIGN: Case study supplemented with literature review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): Child with CHARGE syndrome and congenital deafness. INTERVENTION(S): ABI as there was no benefit after bilateral cochlear implantation...
April 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478999/exploring-the-social-capital-of-adolescents-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-and-their-parents-a-preliminary-investigation
#9
Cara L Wong, Teresa Y Ching, Jessica Whitfield, Jill Duncan
The study explored the social capital of Australian adolescents who were deaf or hard of hearing (DHH) and their parents, and investigated the relationship between social capital and individual characteristics, language, literacy, and psychosocial outcomes. Sixteen adolescents (ages 11-14 years) and 24 parents enrolled in the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment (LOCHI) study completed an online questionnaire on social capital and psychosocial outcomes. Information about demographics, language, and literacy was retrieved from the LOCHI study database...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447820/how-does-a-bilingual-environment-affect-the-results-in-children-with-cochlear-implants-compared-to-monolingual-matched-children-an-italian-follow-up-study
#10
Francesca Forli, Giada Giuntini, Annalisa Ciabotti, Luca Bruschini, Ulrika Löfkvist, Stefano Berrettini
OBJECTIVES: To compare the results after cochlear implantation achieved by monolingual and bilingual deaf children implanted at our Institution, with the aim of understanding if there are any differences between the two groups and if there is a correlation between the outcomes and some patients' variables. METHODS: The study group was composed by 14 bilingual deaf children and the control group by the same number of monolingual children implanted at our Institution...
February 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395617/unilateral-congenital-hearing-loss-in-children-challenges-and-potentials
#11
REVIEW
Astrid van Wieringen, An Boudewyns, Anouk Sangen, Jan Wouters, Christian Desloovere
The estimated incidence of sensorineural hearing impairment (>40 dB HL) at birth is 1.86 per 1000 newborns in developed countries and 30-40% of these are unilateral. Profound sensorineural unilateral hearing impairment or single sided deafness (SSD) can be treated with a cochlear implant. However, this treatment is costly and invasive and unnecessary in the eyes of many. Very young children with SSD often do not exhibit language and cognitive delays and it is hard to imagine that neurocognitive skills will present difficulties with one good ear...
January 30, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382401/communication-barrier-in-family-linked-to-increased-risks-for-food-insecurity-among-deaf-people-who-use-american-sign-language
#12
Poorna Kushalnagar, Christopher J Moreland, Abbi Simons, Tara Holcomb
OBJECTIVE: Food security is defined as being able to access enough food that will help maintain an active, healthy lifestyle for those living in a household. While there are no studies on food security issues among deaf people, research shows that communication barriers early in life are linked to poor physical and mental health outcomes. Childhood communication barriers may also risk later food insecurity. Design/Setting/Subjects A single food security screener question found to have 82 % sensitivity in classifying families who are at risk for food insecurity was taken from the six-item US Household Food Security Survey Module...
January 31, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343736/establishing-a-mental-lexicon-with-cochlear-implants-an-erp-study-with-young-children
#13
Niki K Vavatzanidis, Dirk Mürbe, Angela D Friederici, Anja Hahne
In the present study we explore the implications of acquiring language when relying mainly or exclusively on input from a cochlear implant (CI), a device providing auditory input to otherwise deaf individuals. We focus on the time course of semantic learning in children within the second year of implant use; a period that equals the auditory age of normal hearing children during which vocabulary emerges and extends dramatically. 32 young bilaterally implanted children saw pictures paired with either matching or non-matching auditory words...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232674/speech-and-language-pathologists-voice-use-in-working-environments-a-field-study-using-ambulatory-phonation-monitoring
#14
Francesco Mozzanica, Alessandro Selvaggio, Daniela Ginocchio, Nicole Pizzorni, Letizia Scarponi, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the speech and language pathologists' (SLPs) voice production during a typical working day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 28 SLPs, all females, were enrolled. According to the type of treated disease, the cohort of SLPs was divided into 4 groups (7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphagic adult clients; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of deaf children; 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of dysphonic adult clients; and 7 SLPs focused on the rehabilitation of aphasic adult clients)...
2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209697/false-belief-development-in-children-who-are-hard-of-hearing-compared-with-peers-with-normal-hearing
#15
Elizabeth A Walker, Sophie E Ambrose, Jacob Oleson, Mary Pat Moeller
Purpose: This study investigates false belief (FB) understanding in children who are hard of hearing (CHH) compared with children with normal hearing (CNH) at ages 5 and 6 years and at 2nd grade. Research with this population has theoretical significance, given that the early auditory-linguistic experiences of CHH are less restricted compared with children who are deaf but not as complete as those of CNH. Method: Participants included CHH and CNH who had completed FB tasks as part of a larger multicenter, longitudinal study on outcomes of children with mild-to-severe hearing loss...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189431/psychosocial-outcomes-in-long-term-cochlear-implant-users
#16
Irina Castellanos, William G Kronenberger, David B Pisoni
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate psychosocial outcomes in a sample of prelingually deaf, early-implanted children, adolescents, and young adults who are long-term cochlear implant (CI) users and to examine the extent to which language and executive functioning predict psychosocial outcomes. DESIGN: Psychosocial outcomes were measured using two well-validated, parent-completed checklists: the Behavior Assessment System for Children and the Conduct Hyperactive Attention Problem Oppositional Symptom...
November 20, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154648/nimble-negotiators-how-theory-of-mind-tom-interconnects-with-persuasion-skills-in-children-with-and-without-tom-delay
#17
Candida C Peterson, Virginia Slaughter, Henry M Wellman
Persuasion is an essential social skill. Yet its development and underpinnings are poorly understood. In 2 studies, a total of 167 children aged 3 to 12 years took theory of mind (ToM) tests and participated in unscripted, seminaturalistic persuasive conversations. Children were typically developing (TD) or had deafness or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). High-level, informationally rich persuasive arguments increased with age in all groups in both studies, as did ToM. In both studies, ToM scores predicted persuasion skill over and above age, language ability, and deafness/ASD status...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130438/segmental-and-suprasegmental-perception-in-children-using-hearing-aids
#18
Kaitlyn A Wenrich, Lisa S Davidson, Rosalie M Uchanski
BACKGROUND: Suprasegmental perception (perception of stress, intonation, "how something is said" and "who says it") and segmental speech perception (perception of individual phonemes or perception of "what is said") are perceptual abilities that provide the foundation for the development of spoken language and effective communication. While there are numerous studies examining segmental perception in children with hearing aids (HAs), there are far fewer studies examining suprasegmental perception, especially for children with greater degrees of residual hearing...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106853/sequential-pediatric-bilateral-cochlear-implantation-the-effect-of-time-interval-between-implants
#19
Giovanni Bianchin, Lorenzo Tribi, Patrizia Formigoni, Carmela Russo, Valeria Polizzi
OBJECTIVE: To examine speech intelligibility in children subjected to sequential bilateral cochlear implants (CI) surgery and to assess the influence of the inter-stage interval duration. INTRODUCTION: Binaural hearing recovery can have additional benefits, especially in speech and language development in patients with congenital profound sensorineural hearing loss; so recently there has been an increase in the number of children receiving bilateral CI. METHODS: Twenty-seven children who underwent sequential bilateral cochlear implant (SBCI) with a short (1-3 yrs), medium (4-6 yrs) and long (7-12 yrs) range interval between both implantations, respectively, were evaluated...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040624/altering-practices-to-include-bimodal-bilingual-asl-spoken-english-programming-at-a-small-school-for-the-deaf-in-canada
#20
Karen Priestley, Charlotte Enns, Shauna Arbuckle
Bimodal-bilingual programs are emerging as one way to meet broader needs and provide expanded language, educational and social-emotional opportunities for students who are deaf and hard of hearing (Marschark, M., Tang, G. & Knoors, H. (Eds). (2014). Bilingualism and bilingual Deaf education. New York, NY: Oxford University Press; Paludneviciene & Harris, R. (2011). Impact of cochlear implants on the deaf community. In Paludneviciene, R. & Leigh, I. (Eds.), Cochlear implants evolving perspectives (pp...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
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