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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631953/a-morpho-phonological-past-tense-processing-as-a-clinical-marker-in-sli-efl-learners
#1
Elena Even-Simkin
The clinical marker in specific language impairment (SLI) population is the subject of considerable debate. SLI is the one of the frequently diagnosed atypical language phenomena found among early school-age children (McArthur et al., 2000; Spear-Swerling, 2006). For example, children with SLI have difficulty applying the Past Tense rule to verbs, even though they can accurately repeat phonologically similar forms of the words (Hoeffner & McClelland, 1993). In this study, I discuss the grammatical deficits in the SLI population by studying the generation of both 'regular' and 'irregular' English Past Tense forms and explain how the rates of the correct use of the 'irregular' versus 'regular' form may be considered as a clinical SLI marker...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510615/the-role-of-frequency-in-learning-morphophonological-alternations-implications-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#2
Ekaterina Tomas, Katherine Demuth, Peter Petocz
Purpose: The aim of this article was to explore how the type of allomorph (e.g., past tense buzz[d] vs. nod[əd]) influences the ability to perceive and produce grammatical morphemes in children with typical development and with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: The participants were monolingual Australian English-speaking children. The SLI group included 13 participants (mean age = 5;7 [years;months]); the control group included 19 children with typical development (mean age = 5;4)...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486046/grammatical-case-marking-in-japanese-children-with-sli
#3
Aimi Murao, Tomohiko Ito, Suzy E Fukuda, Shinji Fukuda
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not Japanese children with specific language impairment (henceforth; SLI) would in fact experience difficulty with grammatical case-marking. The participants were 10 Japanese children with SLI, aged 7;7 to 11;4, and 25 Japanese children with typical language development (henceforth; TLD), aged 8;11 to 9;11. In this study, a sentence completion task was used, which involved both active and passive sentences with canonical and scrambled word order. The children with SLI were significantly less accurate than those with TLD with the use of grammatical case-markers...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470886/theory-of-mind-in-sli-revisited-links-with-syntax-comparisons-with-asd
#4
Stephanie Durrleman, Morgane Burnel, Anne Reboul
BACKGROUND: According to the linguistic determinism approach, knowledge of sentential complements such as: John says that the earth is flat plays a crucial role in theory of mind (ToM) development by providing a means to represent explicitly people's mental attitudes and beliefs. This approach predicts that mastery of complements determines successful belief reasoning across explicit ToM tasks, even low-verbal ones, and across populations. AIMS: (1) To investigate the link between a low-verbal ToM-task and complements in Specific Language Impairment (SLI), (2) To determine whether this population shows similar ToM performance to that of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or those with Typical Development (TD) once these groups are matched on competency for complements, (3) To explore whether complements conveying a falsehood without jeopardizing the veracity of the entire sentence, such as complements of verbs of communication, are more crucial for belief attribution than complements which do not have this property, namely complements of verbs of perception, (?John sees that the earth is flat)...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421645/grammaticality-differences-between-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment-and-their-typically-developing-peers
#5
Donna Jackson-Maldonado, Ricardo Maldonado
BACKGROUND: A limited number of studies have analyzed grammaticality in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). Most of the available data are based on bilingual speakers. AIMS: To extend previous studies by doing a more detailed analysis of grammatical types in monolingual Spanish-speakers with and without SLI. METHODS & PROCEDURES: Forty-nine Spanish-speaking children (18 with SLI, 17 age-matched typically developing controls, 14 language-matched controls) were recruited from schools in Mexico and observed in a spontaneous narrative task...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400738/grammar-is-differentially-impaired-in-subgroups-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-evidence-from-an-investigation-of-tense-marking-and-morphosyntax
#6
Nadezhda Modyanova, Alexandra Perovic, Ken Wexler
Deficits in the production of verbal inflection (tense marking, or finiteness) are part of the Optional Infinitive (OI) stage of typical grammatical development. They are also a hallmark of language impairment: they have been used as biomarkers in guiding genetic studies of Specific Language Impairment (SLI), and have also been observed in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). To determine the detailed nature of finiteness abilities in subgroups of ASD [autism with impaired language (ALI) vs. autism with normal language (ALN)], we compared tense marking abilities in 46 children with ALI and 37 children with ALN with that of two groups of nonverbal mental age (MA) and verbal MA-matched typically developing (TD) controls, the first such study described in the literature...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364681/specific-language-impairment-in-a-morphologically-complex-agglutinative-indian-language-kannada
#7
Shivani Tiwari, Prathibha Karanth, B Rajashekar
Specific Language Impairment (SLI) remains an underinvestigated disorder in morphologically complex agglutinative languages such as Kannada. Currently, only a few case reports are available on SLI in Dravidian languages. The morphological complexity inherent to Dravidian languages such as Kannada provides a potential avenue to verify one of the two prevailing accounts of SLI: the morphological richness theory and CGC (Computational Grammatical Complexity) hypothesis. While the previous theory predicts the relatively spared performance of children with SLI (CwSLI) on syntactic morphology in morphologically complex languages, the latter predicts a diametrically opposite performance...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701629/dose-schedule-and-enhanced-conversational-recast-treatment-for-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#8
Christina N Meyers-Denman, Elena Plante
Purpose: Dosage has been identified as an important element of treatment that may affect treatment efficacy. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of dose schedule for treatment of grammatical morphology deficits in children with specific language impairment (SLI). Method: Sixteen 4-to-5-year-old children with SLI participated in a 5-week intervention consisting of equivalent daily Enhanced Conversational Recast treatment (Plante et al., 2014) targeting grammatical morphology...
October 1, 2016: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618388/examining-the-language-phenotype-in-children-with-typical-development-specific-language-impairment-and-fragile-x-syndrome
#9
Eileen Haebig, Audra Sterling, Jill Hoover
Purpose: One aspect of morphosyntax, finiteness marking, was compared in children with fragile X syndrome (FXS), specific language impairment (SLI), and typical development matched on mean length of utterance (MLU). Method: Nineteen children with typical development (mean age = 3.3 years), 20 children with SLI (mean age = 4.9 years), and 17 boys with FXS (mean age = 11.9 years) completed the Test of Early Grammatical Impairment (TEGI; Rice & Wexler, 2001), and other cognitive and language assessments...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27602006/statistical-learning-in-specific-language-impairment-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#10
Rita Obeid, Patricia J Brooks, Kasey L Powers, Kristen Gillespie-Lynch, Jarrad A G Lum
Impairments in statistical learning might be a common deficit among individuals with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Using meta-analysis, we examined statistical learning in SLI (14 studies, 15 comparisons) and ASD (13 studies, 20 comparisons) to evaluate this hypothesis. Effect sizes were examined as a function of diagnosis across multiple statistical learning tasks (Serial Reaction Time, Contextual Cueing, Artificial Grammar Learning, Speech Stream, Observational Learning, and Probabilistic Classification)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27378833/temporally-regular-musical-primes-facilitate-subsequent-syntax-processing-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#11
Nathalie Bedoin, Lucie Brisseau, Pauline Molinier, Didier Roch, Barbara Tillmann
Children with developmental language disorders have been shown to be also impaired in rhythm and meter perception. Temporal processing and its link to language processing can be understood within the dynamic attending theory. An external stimulus can stimulate internal oscillators, which orient attention over time and drive speech signal segmentation to provide benefits for syntax processing, which is impaired in various patient populations. For children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and dyslexia, previous research has shown the influence of an external rhythmic stimulation on subsequent language processing by comparing the influence of a temporally regular musical prime to that of a temporally irregular prime...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27314205/grammatical-morphology-is-not-a-sensitive-marker-of-language-impairment-in-icelandic-in-children-aged-4-14-years
#12
Elin Thordardottir
PURPOSE: Grammatical morphology continues to be widely regarded as an area of extraordinary difficulty in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI). A main argument for this view is the purported high diagnostic accuracy of morphological errors for the identification of SLI. However, findings are inconsistent across age groups and across languages. Studies show morphological difficulty to be far less pronounced in more highly inflected languages and the diagnostic accuracy of morphology in such languages is largely unknown...
July 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235928/subordinate-clause-comprehension-and-tense-agreement-inconsistency-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#13
Sofía M Souto, Laurence B Leonard, Patricia Deevy, Marc E Fey, Shelley L Bredin-Oja
UNLABELLED: Several recent studies have suggested that the production errors of children with specific language impairment (SLI) such as The girl singing may be explained by a misinterpretation of grammatical adult input containing a similar structure (e.g., The boy hears the girl singing). Thirteen children with SLI and 13 younger typically developing children with comparable sentence comprehension test scores (TD-COMP) completed a comprehension task to assess their understanding of sentences involving a nonfinite subject-verb sequence in a subordinate clause such as The dad sees the boy running...
July 2016: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128985/grammaticality-and-complexity-of-sentences-in-monolingual-spanish-speaking-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#14
Carmen Julia Coloma, Claudia Araya, Camilo Quezada, Maria Mercedes Pavez, Mariangela Maggiolo
This study examined grammaticality and complexity of sentences in monolingual Spanish-speaking children with specific language impairment (SLI). A group of SLI children (n = 13), mean age 6, was compared to a control group (CCG) matched by age (n = 11), and a younger control group (LCG) with similar linguistic development (n = 13). Grammaticality and complexity of sentences were analysed including identification and counting of: a) simple and complex sentences, b) grammatical and ungrammatical sentences, and c) types of grammatical errors...
2016: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27063340/implicit-spoken-words-and-motor-sequences-learning-are-impaired-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#15
Lise Desmottes, Thierry Meulemans, Christelle Maillart
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare verbal and motor implicit sequence learning abilities in children with and without specific language impairment (SLI). METHODS: Forty-eight children (24 control and 24 SLI) were administered the Serial Search Task (SST), which enables the simultaneous assessment of implicit spoken words and visuomotor sequences learning. RESULTS: Results showed that control children implicitly learned both the spoken words as well as the motor sequences...
May 2016: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947426/oral-morphosyntactic-competence-as-a-predictor-of-reading-comprehension-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment
#16
Lucía Buil-Legaz, Eva Aguilar-Mediavilla, Javier Rodríguez-Ferreiro
BACKGROUND: Children with a diagnosis of specific language impairment (SLI) present impaired oral comprehension. According to the simple view of reading, general amodal linguistic capacity accounts for both oral and reading comprehension. Considering this, we should expect SLI children to display a reading comprehension deficit. However, previous research regarding the association between reading disorders and SLI has yielded inconsistent results. AIMS: To study the influence of prior oral comprehension competence over reading comprehension during the first years of reading acquisition of bilingual Catalan-Spanish children with SLI (ages 7-8)...
July 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26716575/referring-expressions-and-structural-language-abilities-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-a-pragmatic-tolerance-account
#17
Catherine Davies, Clara Andrés-Roqueta, Courtenay Frazier Norbury
Specific language impairment (SLI) has traditionally been characterized as a deficit of structural language (specifically grammar), with relative strengths in pragmatics. In this study, comprehensive assessment of production, comprehension, and metalinguistic judgment of referring expressions revealed that children with SLI have weaknesses in both structural and pragmatic language skills relative to age-matched peers. Correlational analyses highlight a relationship between their performance on the experimental tasks and their structural language ability...
April 2016: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26501934/sentence-recall-by-children-with-sli-across-two-nonmainstream-dialects-of-english
#18
Janna B Oetting, Janet L McDonald, Christy M Seidel, Michael Hegarty
PURPOSE: The inability to accurately recall sentences has proven to be a clinical marker of specific language impairment (SLI); this task yields moderate-to-high levels of sensitivity and specificity. However, it is not yet known if these results hold for speakers of dialects whose nonmainstream grammatical productions overlap with those that are produced at high rates by children with SLI. METHOD: Using matched groups of 70 African American English speakers and 36 Southern White English speakers and dialect-strategic scoring, we examined children's sentence recall abilities as a function of their dialect and clinical status (SLI vs...
February 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26335733/defining-language-impairments-in-a-subgroup-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Helen Tager-Flusberg
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is diagnosed on the basis of core impairments in pragmatic language skills, which are found across all ages and subtypes. In contrast, there is significant heterogeneity in language phenotypes, ranging from nonverbal to superior linguistic abilities, as defined on standardized tests of vocabulary and grammatical knowledge. The majority of children are verbal but impaired in language, relative to age-matched peers. One hypothesis is that this subgroup has ASD and co-morbid specific language impairment (SLI)...
October 2015: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26301906/phonological-memory-and-word-learning-deficits-in-children-with-specific-language-impairment-a-role-for-perceptual-context
#20
Ronny Moav-Scheff, Rachel Yifat, Karen Banai
BACKGROUND: Sensitivity to perceptual context (anchoring) has been suggested to contribute to the development of both oral- and written-language skills, but studies of this idea in children have been rare. AIMS: To determine whether deficient anchoring contributes to the phonological memory and word learning deficits of children with specific language impairment (SLI). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 84 preschool children with and without SLI participated in the study...
October 2015: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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