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Down syndrome child* language

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751828/augmentative-and-alternative-communication-in-children-with-down-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#1
Renata Thaís de Almeida Barbosa, Acary Souza Bulle de Oliveira, Jennifer Yohanna Ferreira de Lima Antão, Tânia Brusque Crocetta, Regiani Guarnieri, Thaiany Pedrozo Campos Antunes, Claudia Arab, Thaís Massetti, Italla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra, Carlos Bandeira de Mello Monteiro, Luiz Carlos de Abreu
BACKGROUND: The use of technology to assist in the communication, socialization, language, and motor skills of children with Down's syndrome (DS) is required. The aim of this study was to analyse research findings regarding the different instruments of 'augmentative and alternative communication' used in children with Down's syndrome. METHODS: This is a systematic review of published articles available on PubMed, Web of Science, PsycInfo, and BVS using the following descriptors: assistive technology AND syndrome, assistive technology AND down syndrome, down syndrome AND augmentative and alternative communication...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666354/double-trisomy-xxx-21-karyotype-in-a-six-year-old-girl-with-down-phenotype
#2
Laura Daniela Vergara-Mendez, Claudia Talero-Gutiérrez, Alberto Velez-Van-Meerbeke
We describe a case of a six-year-old girl who presents multiple dysmorphic features characteristic of Down's syndrome. She has a significant general developmental delay, with a score that correspond to 32 months of developmental age. This delay is especially in language, with a very scant vocabulary. She communicates with some hand sign words or pointing, although her auditory responses in hearing test were normal. Two previous karyotype studies showed 47, XXX, +21 anomalies. This double trisomy is a rare condition described in isolated cases in the literature and none of these refers to the developmental aspects of these children (Balwan et al...
March 2018: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329955/longitudinal-predictors-of-early-language-in-infants-with-down-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#3
Emily Mason-Apps, Vesna Stojanovik, Carmel Houston-Price, Sue Buckley
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) typically have marked delays in language development relative to their general cognitive development, with particular difficulties in expressive compared to receptive language. Although early social communication skills, including gestures and joint attention, have been shown to be related to later language outcomes in DS, knowledge is limited as to whether these factors exclusively predict outcomes, or whether other factors (e.g. perceptual and non-verbal skills) are involved...
January 9, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232055/outcome-of-orthodontic-palatal-plate-therapy-for-orofacial-dysfunction-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
F Javed, Z Akram, A P Barillas, S V Kellesarian, H B Ahmed, J Khan, K Almas
To evaluate the effects of orthodontic palatal plate therapy (OPPT) in the treatment of orofacial dysfunction in children with Down syndrome (DS). Indexed databases were searched. Clinical trials in DS allocated to test (treatment with palatal plates) versus control group (without palatal plates/special physiotherapy for orofacial stimulation) with follow-up of any time duration and assessing mouth closure, tongue position, active and inactive muscle function as outcomes. Study designs, subject demographics, frequency and duration of palatal plate therapy, method for assessment, follow-up period and outcomes were reported according to the PRISMA guidelines...
February 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210512/auditory-evoked-potentials-in-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome
#5
Letícia Gregory, Rafael F M Rosa, Paulo R G Zen, Pricila Sleifer
Down syndrome, or trisomy 21, is the most common genetic alteration in humans. The syndrome presents with several features, including hearing loss and changes in the central nervous system, which may affect language development in children and lead to school difficulties. The present study aimed to investigate group differences in the central auditory system by long-latency auditory evoked potentials and cognitive potential. An assessment of 23 children and adolescents with Down syndrome was performed, and a control group composed of 43 children and adolescents without genetic and/or neurological changes was used for comparison...
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129311/speech-disfluencies-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#6
Kurt Eggers, Sabine Van Eerdenbrugh
PURPOSE: Speech and language development in individuals with Down syndrome is often delayed and/or disordered and speech disfluencies appear to be more common. These disfluencies have been labeled over time as stuttering, cluttering or both. FINDINGS: were usually generated from studies with adults or a mixed age group, quite often using different methodologies, making it difficult to compare findings. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to analyze and describe the speech disfluencies of a group, only consisting of children with Down Syndrome between 3 and 13 years of age...
January 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054333/developmental-trend-of-children-with-down-s-syndrome-how-do-sex-and-neonatal-conditions-influence-their-developmental-patterns
#7
Sayaka Aoki, Yuko Yamauchi, Keiji Hashimoto
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated factors that would influence developmental trend of children with Down's syndrome (DS) in three different domains (motor, cognitive, language), specifically focusing on the effect of sex and neonatal conditions, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: The participants were 158 children with DS (mean age at the initial test = 25.5 months) receiving clinical service at a rehabilitation center in Yokohama, Japan...
March 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032290/inferential-language-use-by-youth-with-down-syndrome-during-narration
#8
Shealyn A Ashby, Marie Moore Channell, Leonard Abbeduto
We examined inferential language use by youth with Down syndrome (DS) in the context of narrative storytelling relative to younger typically developing (TD) children and same-aged peers with fragile X syndrome (FXS) matched on nonverbal cognitive ability level. Participants' narratives were coded for the use of different types of inferential language. Participants with DS used proportionately less inferential language overall relative to their counterparts with TD or FXS, although mean length of utterance accounted for group differences observed for the DS-TD group comparison only...
December 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967605/-22q11-2%C3%A2-microdeletion-syndrome-analysis-of-the-care-pathway-before-the-genetic-diagnosis
#9
T Ingrao, L Lambert, M Valduga, G Bosser, E Albuisson, B Leheup
BACKGROUND: 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a very broad phenotypic spectrum disorder. It can affect many organs or systems. 22q11.2DS is the most common microdeletion syndrome in humans, with a prevalence ranging from one in every 2000 to one in 4000 newborns. It seems to be more prevalent than reported and under-recognized or undiagnosed because of its inherent clinical variability and heterogeneity. In France, 15,000 patients may be affected by this disease, more than half without knowing it...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857390/challenges-in-measuring-the-effects-of-pharmacological-interventions-on-cognitive-and-adaptive-functioning-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Lori A Keeling, Gail A Spiridigliozzi, Sarah J Hart, Jane A Baker, Harrison N Jones, Priya S Kishnani
We systematically reviewed the measures used in pharmaceutical trials in children/adults with Down syndrome without dementia. Our purpose was to identify developmentally appropriate outcome measures capable of detecting changes in cognitive and adaptive functioning in this population. Eleven studies were included and used diverse outcome measures across the domains of language, memory, attention, behavior, and executive/adaptive functioning. Our results highlight the challenges in selecting measures capable of capturing improvements in pharmaceutical trials in individuals with DS...
November 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654416/the-evaluation-of-a-personal-narrative-language-intervention-for-school-age-children-with-down-syndrome
#11
Lizbeth Finestack, Katy H O'Brien, Jolene Hyppa-Martin, Kristen A Lyrek
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of an intervention focused on improving personal narrative skills of school-age children with Down syndrome (DS) using an approach involving visual supports. Four females with DS, ages 10 through 15 years, participated in this multiple baseline across participants single-subject experimental design study. Participants completed 18 intervention sessions that targeted personal narrative goals. Parents completed a survey regarding their perspectives of the intervention...
July 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654411/a-multi-method-investigation-of-pragmatic-development-in-individuals-with-down-syndrome
#12
Michelle Lee, Lauren Bush, Gary E Martin, Jamie Barstein, Nell Maltman, Jessica Klusek, Molly Losh
This longitudinal study examined pragmatic language in boys and girls with Down syndrome (DS) at up to three time points, using parent report, standardized and direct assessments. We also explored relationships among theory of mind, executive function, nonverbal mental age, receptive and expressive vocabulary, grammatical complexity, and pragmatic competence. Controlling for cognitive and language abilities, children with DS demonstrated greater difficulty than younger typically developing controls on parent report and standardized assessments, but only girls with DS differed on direct assessments...
July 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624322/assessing-pragmatic-communication-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#13
Elizabeth Smith, Kari-Anne B Næss, Christopher Jarrold
PURPOSE: Successful communication depends on language content, language form, and language use (pragmatics). Children with Down syndrome (DS) experience communication difficulties, however little is known about their pragmatic profile, particularly during early school years. The purpose of the present study was to explore the nature of pragmatic communication in children with DS. METHOD: Twenty-nine six-year-old children with DS were assessed, in the areas of 1) initiation, 2) scripted language, 3) understanding context and 4) nonverbal communication, as reported by children's parents via the Children's Communication Checklist-2 (Bishop, 2003)...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612424/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-cognitive-functioning-in-preschool-children-with-and-without-down-syndrome
#14
A Joyce, D Dimitriou
BACKGROUND: Sleep affects children's cognitive development, preparedness for school and future academic outcomes. People with Down syndrome (DS) are particularly at risk for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). To our knowledge, the association between SDB and cognition in preschoolers with DS is unknown. METHODS: We assessed sleep by using cardiorespiratory polygraphy in 22 typically developing (TD) preschoolers and 22 with DS. Cognition was assessed by using the Mullen Scales of Early Learning and behaviour by using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ)...
August 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545237/emotion-recognition-in-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-a-nonverbal-approach
#15
Régis Pochon, Claire Touchet, Laure Ibernon
Several studies have reported that persons with Down syndrome (DS) have difficulties recognizing emotions; however, there is insufficient research to prove that a deficit of emotional knowledge exists in DS. The aim of this study was to evaluate the recognition of emotional facial expressions without making use of emotional vocabulary, given the language problems known to be associated with this syndrome. The ability to recognize six emotions was assessed in 24 adolescents with DS. Their performance was compared to that of 24 typically developing children with the same nonverbal-developmental age, as assessed by Raven's Progressive Matrices...
May 23, 2017: Brain Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521525/babbling-in-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disability-and-validity-of-a-simplified-way-of-measuring-canonical-babbling-ratio
#16
Anna Nyman, Anette Lohmander
Babbling is an important precursor to speech, but has not yet been thoroughly investigated in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. Canonical babbling ratio (CBR) is a commonly used but time-consuming measure for quantifying babbling. The aim of this study was twofold: to validate a simplified version of the CBR (CBRUTTER ), and to use this measure to determine if early precursors to speech and language development could be detected in children with different neurodevelopmental disabilities. Two different data sets were used...
2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485651/vocalization-patterns-in-young-children-with-down-syndrome-utilizing-the-language-environment-analysis-lena-to-inform-behavioral-phenotypes
#17
Chandni Parikh, Ann M Mastergeorge
Children with Down syndrome (DS) are at higher risk for both delayed expressive language and poor speech intelligibility. The current study utilized the quantitative automated language environment analysis (LENA) to depict mother and child vocalizations and conversational patterns in the home of 43 children with DS, chronologically aged 24-64 months. Children with DS displayed fewer utterances than typically developing children; however, there was wide variability. Furthermore, children with DS did not show increased vocalization counts across their chronological ages...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431488/core-vocabulary-of-young-children-with-down-syndrome
#18
Stijn R J M Deckers, Yvonne Van Zaalen, Hans Van Balkom, Ludo Verhoeven
The aim of this study was to develop a core vocabulary list for young children with intellectual disabilities between 2 and 7 years of age because data from this population are lacking in core vocabulary literature. Children with Down syndrome are considered one of the most valid reference groups for researching developmental patterns in children with intellectual disabilities; therefore, spontaneous language samples of 30 Dutch children with Down syndrome were collected during three different activities with multiple communication partners (free play with parents, lunch- or snack-time at home or at school, and speech therapy sessions)...
June 2017: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187370/language-comprehension-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-with-down-syndrome
#19
Bernadette Witecy, Martina Penke
BACKGROUND: There is conflicting evidence as to whether receptive language abilities of individuals with Down syndrome (DS) continue to improve into adulthood, reach a plateau in late adolescence, or even start to decline. AIM: The study aims to shed light on the question whether receptive syntactic skills change from childhood/adolescence to adulthood and provides a detailed qualitative analysis of the receptive abilities of adults with DS. METHODS: 58 individuals with DS participated in the study: 31 children/adolescents (aged: 4;6-19;0 years) and 27 adults (aged: 20;8-40;3 years)...
March 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161297/signaling-of-noncomprehension-in-communication-breakdowns-in-fragile-x-syndrome-down-syndrome-and-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
Gary E Martin, Jamie Barstein, Jane Hornickel, Sara Matherly, Genna Durante, Molly Losh
The ability to indicate a failure to understand a message is a critical pragmatic (social) language skill for managing communication breakdowns and supporting successful communicative exchanges. The current study examined the ability to signal noncomprehension across different types of confusing message conditions in children and adolescents with fragile X syndrome (FXS), Down syndrome (DS), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and typical development (TD). Controlling for nonverbal mental age and receptive vocabulary skills, youth with comorbid FXS and ASD and those with DS were less likely than TD controls to signal noncomprehension of confusing messages...
January 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
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