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Hypomanic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121879/hypnotic-susceptibility-and-affective-states-in-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders
#1
Bingren Zhang, Jiawei Wang, Qisha Zhu, Guorong Ma, Chanchan Shen, Hongying Fan, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND: Highly hypnotizable individuals have impaired executive function, elevated motor impulsivity and increased emotional sensitivity, which are sometimes found in bipolar disorder patients. It is then reasonable to assume that certain aspects of hypnotic susceptibility differ with the types of bipolar disorder. METHODS: The Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale: Form C (SHSS:C) test, the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ), the Hypomanic Checklist-32 (HCL-32) and the Plutchick-van Praag Depression Inventory (PVP) were applied to 62 patients with bipolar I disorder, 33 bipolar II disorder, and 120 healthy volunteers...
November 9, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119914/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-with-comorbid-bipolar-disorders-clinical-features-and-treatment-implications
#2
Federico Mucci, Cristina Toni, Ettore Favaretto, Giulia Vannucchi, Donatella Marazziti, Giulio Perugi
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms within the context of a bipolar disorder (BD) have been described since the 19th century. Interestingly, the existence of a relevant overlap between the aforementioned psychiatric syndromes has been confirmed by a number of recent epidemiological and family studies. AIMS: The aim of the present paper is to review the clinical features and the therapeutic implications of the OCD-BD comorbidity. DISCUSSION: In the last two decades, the frequent association between OCD and BD has been earning a growing interest given its relevant nosological and therapeutic implications...
November 8, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088928/geri-bd-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial-of-lithium-and-divalproex-in-the-treatment-of-mania-in-older-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Robert C Young, Benoit H Mulsant, Martha Sajatovic, Ariel G Gildengers, Laszlo Gyulai, Rayan K Al Jurdi, John Beyer, Jovier Evans, Samprit Banerjee, Rebecca Greenberg, Patricia Marino, Mark E Kunik, Peijun Chen, Marna Barrett, Herbert C Schulberg, Martha L Bruce, Charles F Reynolds, George S Alexopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Clinicians treating older patients with bipolar disorder with mood stabilizers need evidence from age-specific randomized controlled trials. The authors describe findings from a first such study of late-life mania. METHOD: The authors compared the tolerability and efficacy of lithium carbonate and divalproex in 224 inpatients and outpatients age 60 or older with bipolar I disorder who presented with a manic, hypomanic, or mixed episode. Participants were randomly assigned, under double-blind conditions, to treatment with lithium (target serum concentration, 0...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083536/bipolar-disorder-in-pregnancy-a-review-of-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
REVIEW
Debra A Scrandis
INTRODUCTION: Women with bipolar disorder may benefit from continuation of their medications during pregnancy, but there may be risks to the fetus associated with some of these medications. This article examines the evidence relating to the effect of bipolar disorder and pharmacologic treatments for bipolar disorder on pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL, ProQuest Dissertation & Theses, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for English-language studies published between 2000 and 2017, excluding case reports and integrative reviews...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077135/-usefulness-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-rtms-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-depression
#5
A de Bruijn, I Tendolkar, J Spijker, M Lochmann van Bennekom, P van Eijndhoven
BACKGROUND: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been found to be an effective technique in the treatment of unipolar depression. However, it is not yet clear whether rTMS is also useful in the treatment of bipolar depression. AIM: To evaluate the available evidence that rTMS is effective in the treatment of bipolar depression. METHOD: Review of available literature (RCTs and open-label studies). RESULTS: We looked closely at four RCTs and four open-label studies...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059135/pramipexole-and-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-treatment-resistant-depression
#6
Claire Gauthier, Lama Souaiby, Emmanuelle Advenier-Iakovlev, Raphaël Gaillard
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a common disease. Despite appropriate antidepressant treatment, approximately one third of patients do not achieve adequate response. In these patients, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a possible option. Nevertheless, some symptoms may persist even after ECT. METHOD: This is a comparative retrospective study assessing the efficacy and safety of pramipexole in the treatment of resistant depression, in combination to ECT or after a partial ECT efficacy...
November 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042880/initial-psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-altman-self-rating-mania-scale-preliminary-validation-study-in-a-non-clinical-sample
#7
Bin-Na Kim, Seok-Man Kwon
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the reliability and validity of the Korean Altman Self-Rating Mania Scale (K-ASRM) in a large sample of Korean non-clinical undergraduates. METHODS: Participants (n=1,091) filled out the K-ASRM with other self-report questionnaires assessing bipolarity, mood symptoms and affect. Reliability test, exploratory factor analysis and correlation analyses were conducted to examine its psychometric properties. RESULTS: The reliability of the K-ASRM was adequate (Cronbach's α=0...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035730/features-of-mood-associated-with-high-body-weight-in-females-with-fibromyalgia
#8
Alessandra Alciati, Fabiola Atzeni, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Jules Angst, Giampaolo Perna
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common syndrome whose main characteristic is chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, the severity of which is frequently worsened by concomitant obesity. Major depression (MD), particularly as part of a bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD), is associated with both obesity and FM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between lifetime MD, hypomanic symptoms and the body mass index (BMI) in patients with FM. METHOD: Of the 115 patients originally screened, 87 women with FM finally entered the study...
September 6, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983840/does-perfectionism-in-bipolar-disorder-pedigrees-mediate-associations-between-anxiety-stress-and-mood-symptoms
#9
Justine Corry, Melissa Green, Gloria Roberts, Janice M Fullerton, Peter R Schofield, Philip B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) and the anxiety disorders are highly comorbid. The present study sought to examine perfectionism and goal attainment values as potential mechanisms of known associations between anxiety, stress and BD symptomatology. Measures of perfectionism and goal attainment values were administered to 269 members of BD pedigrees, alongside measures of anxiety and stress, and BD mood symptoms. Regression analyses were used to determine whether perfectionism and goal attainment values were related to depressive and (hypo)manic symptoms; planned mediation models were then used to test the potential for perfectionism to mediate associations between anxiety/stress and BD symptoms...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969438/adjunctive-bright-light-therapy-for-bipolar-depression-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
Dorothy K Sit, James McGowan, Christopher Wiltrout, Rasim Somer Diler, John Jesse Dills, James Luther, Amy Yang, Jody D Ciolino, Howard Seltman, Stephen R Wisniewski, Michael Terman, Katherine L Wisner
OBJECTIVE: Patients with bipolar disorder have recurrent major depression, residual mood symptoms, and limited treatment options. Building on promising pilot data, the authors conducted a 6-week randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial to investigate the efficacy of adjunctive bright light therapy at midday for bipolar depression. The aims were to determine remission rate, depression symptom level, and rate of mood polarity switch, as well as to explore sleep quality. METHOD: The study enrolled depressed adults with bipolar I or II disorder who were receiving stable dosages of antimanic medication (excluding patients with hypomania or mania, mixed symptoms, or rapid cycling)...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912037/the-role-of-mental-imagery-in-mood-amplification-an-investigation-across-subclinical-features-of-bipolar-disorders
#11
Caitlin O'Donnell, Martina Di Simplicio, Randi Brown, Emily A Holmes, Stephanie Burnett Heyes
Vivid emotional mental imagery has been identified across a range of mental disorders. In bipolar spectrum disorders - psychopathologies characterized by mood swings that alternate between depression and mania, and include irritability and mixed affect states - mental imagery has been proposed to drive instability in both 'positive' and 'negative' mood. That is, mental imagery can act as an "emotional amplifier". The current experimental study tested this hypothesis and investigated imagery characteristics associated with mood amplification using a spectrum approach to psychopathology...
August 18, 2017: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884713/-mental-disorders-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-a-differentiated-approach-to-the-study-of-nozogeny
#12
O V Shushpanova
AIM: To study mental disorders in patients with breast cancer (BC) at different stages of the disease taking into account premorbid characteristics and psychosomatic correlations in their development. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 82 patients with histologically confirmed BC. The first group consisted of 30 patients (mean age 49.7±11.1 years) with the first established diagnosis of BC and mental disorders caused by somatic disease (ICD-10 F40-F48, stress-related neurotic and somatoform disorders)...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817765/preventive-effects-of-lamotrigine-in-bipolar-ii-versus-bipolar-i-disorder
#13
Takeshi Terao, Atsuko Ishida, Toshifumi Kimura, Masao Yarita, Terufumi Hara
OBJECTIVE: The preventive effects of mood stabilizers on recurrence/relapse in bipolar disorders have been investigated mostly in bipolar I disorder (BPI) patients, with limited reports on bipolar II disorder (BPII) patients. Here, we conducted an explorative data analysis to investigate whether the preventive effect of lamotrigine on recurrence /relapse in BPII is better than in BPI. METHODS: Data from Japanese patients with a diagnosis of BPI or BPII according to DSM-IV-TR were analyzed in an open-label, noninterventional, naturalistic, prospective postmarketing surveillance study of lamotrigine...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803094/brief-psychoeducation-for-bipolar-disorder-evaluation-of-trophic-factors-serum-levels-in-young-adults
#14
Carolina David Wiener, Mariane Lopez Molina, Fernanda Pedrotti Moreira, Miguel Bezerra Dos Passos, Karen Jansen, Ricardo Azevedo da Silva, Luciano Dias de Mattos Souza, Jean Pierre Oses
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of psychoeducation in serum levels of BDNF, NGF and GDNF in young adults presenting bipolar disorder (BD). This is a randomized clinical trial including 39 young adults (18-29 years) diagnosed with BD through the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-CV). Participants were randomized in two treatment groups: usual treatment (medication) and combined intervention (medication plus psychoeducation). Depressive symptoms were assessed using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS) and severity of manic and hypomanic symptoms was evaluated through the Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS)...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800706/parsing-the-hypomanic-personality-explicating-the-nature-of-specific-dimensions-defining-mania-risk
#15
Kasey Stanton, Daniel B McArtor, David Watson
Considerable research has used the Hypomanic Personality Scale (HPS) to assess traits conferring risk for hypomanic and manic episodes. Although the HPS has been shown to be defined by several distinct sets of content, most research has continued to rely exclusively on HPS total scores, due to (a) little research having examined its structure and (b) the discrepant structural results obtained in the few available studies. Therefore, we examined the structure and relations of the HPS in a large sample of community adults ( N = 737) receiving psychiatric treatment...
August 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776350/comparison-of-baseline-characteristics-between-community-based-and-hospital-based-suicidal-ideators-and-its-implications-for-tailoring-strategies-for-suicide-prevention-korean-cohort-for-the-model-predicting-a-suicide-and-suicide-related-behavior
#16
C Hyung Keun Park, Jae Won Lee, Sang Yeol Lee, Jungjoon Moon, Se Hoon Shim, Jong Woo Paik, Shin Gyeom Kim, Seong Jin Cho, Min Hyuk Kim, Seokho Kim, Jae Hyun Park, Sungeun You, Hong Jin Jeon, Yong Min Ahn
In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to identify distinguishing factors between populations with suicidal ideation recruited from hospitals and communities to make an efficient allocation of limited anti-suicidal resources according to group differences. We analyzed the baseline data from 120 individuals in a community-based cohort (CC) and 137 individuals in a hospital-based cohort (HC) with suicidal ideation obtained from the Korean Cohort for the Model Predicting a Suicide and Suicide-related Behavior (K-COMPASS) study...
September 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772145/lithium-monotherapy-associated-clinical-improvement-effects-on-amygdala-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-resting-state-connectivity-in-bipolar-disorder
#17
Murat Altinay, Harish Karne, Amit Anand
BACKGROUND: This study, for the first time, investigated lithium monotherapy associated effects on amygdala- ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vMPFC) resting-state functional connectivity and correlation with clinical improvement in bipolar disorder (BP) METHODS: Thirty-six medication-free subjects - 24 BP (12 hypomanic BPM) and 12 depressed (BPD)) and 12 closely matched healthy controls (HC), were included. BP subjects were treated with lithium and scanned at baseline, after 2 weeks and 8 weeks...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753472/longitudinal-mood-monitoring-in-bipolar-disorder-course-of-illness-as-revealed-through-a-short-messaging-service
#18
Rebecca F McKnight, Amy C Bilderbeck, David J Miklowitz, Christopher Hinds, Guy M Goodwin, John R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Online self-monitoring of mood can be used to investigate differences in course patterns across patient groups. This study explored the feasibility of remote symptom capture with True Colours, a self-rated online mood monitoring tool completed on a weekly basis. METHODS: Participants with bipolar disorder (N = 297) completed weekly depression and mania questionnaires over an average of 27.5 months (range 1 -81 months). Subgroups defined by sex, age, and bipolar I vs...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715727/efficacy-and-safety-of-long-term-antidepressant-treatment-for-bipolar-disorders-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#19
Bangshan Liu, Yan Zhang, Han Fang, Jin Liu, Tiebang Liu, Lingjiang Li
OBJECTIVE: Efficacy and safety of long-term use of antidepressants (AD) in bipolar disorder (BD) patients remains highly controversial. Here we performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) exploring the efficacy and safety of long-term AD use in BD patients. METHODS: English-written literature published in peer-reviewed journal was systematically searched from Pubmed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO and Clinicaltrials.gov. Each database was searched from its first available time to August 31, 2016...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690204/depressive-anxiety-and-hypomanic-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-may-be-driven-by-tryptophan-catabolite-trycat-patterning-of-iga-and-igm-responses-directed-to-trycats
#20
Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, André F Carvalho, George Anderson, Piotr Galecki, Michael Maes
The aim of this study was to delineate the associations between the tryptophan catabolite (TRYCAT) pathway and affective symptoms in schizophrenia. Towards this end we measured immunoglobulin (Ig)A and IgM responses to relatively noxious TRYCATs, namely quinolinic (QA), xanthurenic (XA), picolinic (PA) acid and 3-OH-kynurenine (3HK), and generally protective TRYCATs, namely anthranilic (AA) and kynurenic (KA) acid in 80 patients with schizophrenia and 40 healthy controls. The Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HDRS) and anxiety (HAMA), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) as well as the Positive and Negative Symptoms Scale of Schizophrenia (PANSS) were measured...
July 8, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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