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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317442/maternal-adhd-symptoms-child-adhd-symptoms-and-broader-child-outcomes
#1
Daryl Efron, Kirsten Furley, Alisha Gulenc, Emma Sciberras
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the associations between maternal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and child functional outcomes in a community-based sample of children with and without ADHD. DESIGN AND SETTING: In this cohort study, children with ADHD and healthy controls were recruited through schools in Melbourne, Australia, using a combined screening (Conners 3 ADHD Index) and case confirmation (Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version IV) procedure...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304784/ethical-aspects-of-diagnosis-and-interventions-for-children-with-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-fasd-and-their-families
#2
Gert Helgesson, Göran Bertilsson, Helena Domeij, Gunilla Fahlström, Emelie Heintz, Anders Hjern, Christina Nehlin Gordh, Viviann Nordin, Jenny Rangmar, Ann-Margret Rydell, Viveka Sundelin Wahlsten, Monica Hultcrantz
BACKGROUND: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term covering several conditions for which alcohol consumption during pregnancy is taken to play a causal role. The benefit of individuals being identified with a condition within FASD remains controversial. The objective of the present study was to identify ethical aspects and consequences of diagnostics, interventions, and family support in relation to FASD. METHODS: Ethical aspects relating to diagnostics, interventions, and family support regarding FASD were compiled and discussed, drawing on a series of discussions with experts in the field, published literature, and medical ethicists...
January 5, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284923/a-prerequisite-for-patient-centred-care-is-empowering-and-engaging-patients-in-the-digital-health-report-from-efmi-special-topic-conference-stc-2017
#3
Simon de Lusignan
The European Federation for Medical Informatics (EFMI) held its Special Topic Conference (STC) in October 2017 in Israel. EFMI holds STC's to focus on a particular issue, whereas its major annual conference Medical Informatics Europe (MIE) has a much wider remit. This conference challenged the informatics community to engage patients in digital health. Examples of the gap in digital engagementfrom the conference contributions include: An app to connect parents to a paediatric emergency department was presented...
December 2017: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237331/autism-spectrum-disorder-consensus-guidelines-on-assessment-treatment-and-research-from-the-british-association-for-psychopharmacology
#4
Oliver D Howes, Maria Rogdaki, James L Findon, Robert H Wichers, Tony Charman, Bryan H King, Eva Loth, Gráinne M McAlonan, James T McCracken, Jeremy R Parr, Carol Povey, Paramala Santosh, Simon Wallace, Emily Simonoff, Declan G Murphy
An expert review of the aetiology, assessment, and treatment of autism spectrum disorder, and recommendations for diagnosis, management and service provision was coordinated by the British Association for Psychopharmacology, and evidence graded. The aetiology of autism spectrum disorder involves genetic and environmental contributions, and implicates a number of brain systems, in particular the gamma-aminobutyric acid, serotonergic and glutamatergic systems. The presentation of autism spectrum disorder varies widely and co-occurring health problems (in particular epilepsy, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression, attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and irritability) are common...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233804/end-user-and-implementer-experiences-of-mhealth-technologies-for-noncommunicable-chronic-disease-management-in-young-adults-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Helen Slater, Jared M Campbell, Jennifer N Stinson, Megan M Burley, Andrew M Briggs
BACKGROUND: Chronic noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as asthma, diabetes, cancer, and persistent musculoskeletal pain impose an escalating and unsustainable burden on young people, their families, and society. Exploring how mobile health (mHealth) technologies can support management for young people with NCDs is imperative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify, appraise, and synthesize available qualitative evidence on users' experiences of mHealth technologies for NCD management in young people...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215904/practice-procedures-in-models-of-primary-care-collaboration-for-children-with-adhd
#6
Jessica A Moore, Kathryn Karch, Valeriia Sherina, Aubree Guiffre, Sandra Jee, Lynn C Garfunkel
INTRODUCTION: With nationwide movement toward an integrated medical home, evidence to support, compare, and specify effective models for collaboration between primary care and behavioral health professionals is essential. This study compared 2 models of primary care with behavioral health integration on American Academy of Pediatrics guideline adherence for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) assessment and treatment. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective chart review of a random sample of children aged 6-13 years, seen for ADHD services in 2 primary care offices, 1 fully integrated model and 1 co-located service only model, comparing ADHD assessment and treatment practices...
December 7, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209386/medical-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-korean-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#7
Kee Jeong Park, Jung Sun Lee, Hyo-Won Kim
Objective: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with a high rate of comorbid disorders. We aimed to investigate the medical and psychiatric comorbidities of Korean children and adolescents with ADHD. Methods: Data were obtained from Korean National Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service-National Patient Sample (HI-RA-NPS) for 2011. We included 2,140 (mean age, 10.9±3.1 years; boys, 1,710) and 219,410 (non-ADHD; mean age, 12.4±3...
November 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193623/cognitive-and-behavioral-phenotype-of-children-with-pseudohypoparathyroidism-type-1a
#8
Katia M Perez, Evon B Lee, Sachini Kahanda, Jessica Duis, Monica Reyes, Harald Jüppner, Ashley H Shoemaker
Pseudohypoparathyroidism 1A (PHP1A) is a rare, genetic disorder. Most patients with PHP1A have cognitive impairment but this has not been systematically studied. We hypothesized that children with PHP1A would have lower intelligent quotient (IQ) scores than controls. To evaluate cognition and behavior, we prospectively enrolled children with PHP1A, one unaffected sibling (when available) and controls matched on BMI/age/gender/race. Evaluations included cognitive and executive function testing. Parents completed questionnaires on behavior and executive function...
November 28, 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172596/overcoming-the-research-to-practice-gap-a-randomized-trial-with-two-brief-homework-and-organization-interventions-for-students-with-adhd-as-implemented-by-school-mental-health-providers
#9
Joshua M Langberg, Melissa R Dvorsky, Stephen J Molitor, Elizaveta Bourchtein, Laura D Eddy, Zoe R Smith, Lauren E Oddo, Hana-May Eadeh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of 2 brief school-based interventions targeting the homework problems of adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)-the Homework, Organization, and Planning Skills (HOPS) intervention and the Completing Homework by Improving Efficiency and Focus (CHIEF) intervention, as implemented by school mental health providers during the school day. A secondary goal was to use moderator analyses to identify student characteristics that may differentially predict intervention response...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137554/the-alternative-quality-contract-impact-on-service-use-and-spending-for-children-with-adhd
#10
Nina R Joyce, Haiden A Huskamp, Scott E Hadland, Julie M Donohue, Shelly F Greenfield, Elizabeth A Stuart, Colleen L Barry
In 2009, Blue Cross-Blue Shield of Massachusetts (BCBSMA) implemented the alternative quality contract (AQC), which pays provider organizations a global payment for all services used by enrollees. BCBSMA claims for 2006-2011 were used to compare youths enrolled in provider organizations participating in the AQC (7,407 person-years [PYs]) with those not participating (45,398 PYs). Difference-in-differences models estimated changes in mental health and substance abuse treatment service utilization and spending attributable to the AQC...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132817/a-national-description-of-treatment-among-united-states-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Melissa L Danielson, Susanna N Visser, Andrea Chronis-Tuscano, George J DuPaul
OBJECTIVE: To characterize lifetime and current rates of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treatments among US children and adolescents with current ADHD and describe the association of these treatments with demographic and clinical factors. STUDY DESIGN: Data are from the 2014 National Survey of the Diagnosis and Treatment of ADHD and Tourette Syndrome, a follow-back survey of parents from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Weighted analyses focused on receipt of ADHD treatment among children aged 4-17 years with current ADHD (n = 2495) by 4 treatment types: medication, school supports, psychosocial interventions, and alternative treatments...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112530/the-prevalence-of-psychiatric-disorders-and-mental-health-services-utilization-by-parents-and-relatives-living-with-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-puerto-rico
#12
Ernesto Magallón-Neri, Dorilyz Vila, Katyana Santiago, Pedro García, Glorisa Canino
Knowledge about prevalence rates of psychiatric disorders and mental health services use among parents and relatives of persons with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited, particularly when referring to epidemiologic samples. The current study is based on an island-wide probabilistic multistage cluster sample of adult individuals (N = 3062) living in Puerto Rico. Results showed a significantly higher rate of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and serious mental illness in parents (n = 34) or relatives (n = 34) of ASD individuals, as compared with the Puerto Rico adult population as a whole...
November 4, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056086/prevalence-and-correlates-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-quebec
#13
Fatoumata Binta Diallo, Éric Fombonne, Steve Kisely, Louis Rochette, Helen-Maria Vasiliadis, Alain Vanasse, Manon Noiseux, Éric Pelletier, Johanne Renaud, Danielle St-Laurent, Alain Lesage
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence, comorbidities, and service use of people with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) based on data from Quebec Integrated Chronic Diseases Surveillance System (QICDSS). METHODS: We included all residents up to age 24 eligible for health plan coverage who were in Quebec for at least 1 day from January 1, 1996, to March 31, 2015. To be considered as having an ASD, an individual had to have had at least 1 physician claim or hospital discharge abstract from 2000 to 2015 indicating one of the following ASD diagnosis codes: ICD-9 codes 299...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046039/topical-review-transitional-services-for-teens-and-young-adults-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-process-map-and-proposed-model-to-overcoming-barriers-to-care
#14
Jason M Fogler, David Burke, James Lynch, William J Barbaresi, Eugenia Chan
Objective: To provide a topical review of the personal vulnerabilities and systemic barriers facing transitional age young adults with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), followed by a proposed model for overcoming those barriers. Methods: Drawing from a growing, but limited, literature on the topic, we outline a process map for identifying and troubleshooting barriers to care in this at-risk population. Results: Young adults with ADHD frequently lack the organizational skills, time management, prioritization, and persistence to manage their health care at an expected level of adult independence...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039373/disepi-compact-visualization-as-a-tool-for-applied-epidemiological-research
#15
Arriel Benis, Moshe Hoshen
Outcomes research and evidence-based medical practice is being positively impacted by proliferation of healthcare databases. Modern epidemiologic studies require complex data comprehension. A new tool, DisEpi, facilitates visual exploration of epidemiological data supporting Public Health Knowledge Discovery. It provides domain-experts a compact visualization of information at the population level. In this study, DisEpi is applied to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) patients within Clalit Health Services, analyzing the socio-demographic and ADHD filled prescription data between 2006 and 2016 of 1,605,800 children aged 6 to 17 years...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033006/relative-age-within-the-school-year-and-diagnosis-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#16
Kapil Sayal, Roshan Chudal, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Petteri Joelsson, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Findings are mixed on the relationship between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and younger relative age in the school year. We aimed to investigate whether relative age is associated with ADHD diagnosis in a country where prescribing rates are low and whether any such association has changed over time or relates to comorbid disorders (eg, conduct disorder [CD], oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], or learning disorder [LD]). METHODS: We used nationwide population-based registers to identify all Finnish children born between Jan 1, 1991, and Dec 31, 2004, who were diagnosed with ADHD from age 7 years onwards (age of starting school)...
November 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033005/adhd-in-children-and-young-people-prevalence-care-pathways-and-service-provision
#17
REVIEW
Kapil Sayal, Vibhore Prasad, David Daley, Tamsin Ford, David Coghill
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common childhood behavioural disorder. Systematic reviews indicate that the community prevalence globally is between 2% and 7%, with an average of around 5%. At least a further 5% of children have substantial difficulties with overactivity, inattention, and impulsivity that are just under the threshold to meet full diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Estimates of the administrative prevalence (clinically diagnosed or recorded) vary worldwide, and have been increasing over time...
October 9, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028463/assessing-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-the-university-setting
#18
Julie Tinklenberg, Bina Patel, Kathryn Gelman, Ronald Albucher
OBJECTIVE: To address the increasing demand for assessments of Adult Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), the primary author developed a protocol for Counseling and Psychological Services (CAPS) at Stanford University's Vaden Student Health Center to improve the efficiency of such evaluations. PARTICIPANTS: As part of quality assurance, we reviewed the charts of Stanford students who sought assessment for ADHD before the protocol was implemented (September 2011-June 2013) and after the protocol was established (October 2013-August 2014)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949337/investigating-the-genetic-underpinnings-of-early-life-irritability
#19
L Riglin, O Eyre, M Cooper, S Collishaw, J Martin, K Langley, E Leibenluft, A Stringaris, A K Thapar, B Maughan, M C O'Donovan, A Thapar
Severe irritability is one of the commonest reasons prompting referral to mental health services. It is frequently seen in neurodevelopmental disorders that manifest early in development, especially attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). However, irritability can also be conceptualized as a mood problem because of its links with anxiety/depressive disorders; notably DSM-5 currently classifies severe, childhood-onset irritability as a mood disorder. Investigations into the genetic nature of irritability are lacking although twin studies suggest it shares genetic risks with both ADHD and depression...
September 26, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947693/-oral-healthcare-for-the-persons-with-special-needs
#20
Ichijiro Morisaki
The field of special care dentistry is rapidly gaining recognition as a service that should be provided to the persons with physical, mental or intellectual disabilities by general practitioner, pediatric or geriatric dentists as well as dental hygienists. Because the oral healthcare and dental treatments are given in the narrow space of oral cavity and also accompanying technical difficulties with high risk of injury, the special needs patients are treated under being controlled their behavior or body motion by applying psychological, physical or pharmacological techniques...
2017: Clinical Calcium
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