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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076687/parent-and-family-processes-related-to-adhd-management-in-ethnically-diverse-youth
#1
Cynthia P Paidipati, Bridgette Brawner, Ricardo Eiraldi, Janet A Deatrick
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown major disparities in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) for diverse youth across America. We do not fully understand, however, how parent and family processes are related to the identification, care-seeking approaches, treatment preferences, and engagement with care systems and services for youth with ADHD. OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to explore parent and family processes related to the management of ADHD in racially and ethnically diverse youth...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065196/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-from-randomised-controlled-trials-to-evidence-based-clinical-services
#2
S Cortese, C Barbui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064560/patterns-and-predictors-of-service-utilization-among-youth-with-adhd-predominantly-inattentive-presentation
#3
Matthew R Capriotti, Linda J Pfiffner
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates and predictors of educational and mental health service utilization among youth with ADHD-predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-I). METHOD: Participants were 199 children with ADHD-I in Grades 2 to 5. Parents reported past-year child service utilization. Parents and teachers rated child ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptom severity and functional impairment. Children completed an academic achievement test...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050211/auditory-processing-assessment-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-an-open-study-examining-methylphenidate-effects
#4
Bianca Pinheiro Lanzetta-Valdo, Giselle Alves de Oliveira, Jane Tagarro Correa Ferreira, Ester Miyuki Nakamura Palacios
Introduction Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder can present Auditory Processing (AP) Disorder. Objective The study examined the AP in ADHD children compared with non-ADHD children, and before and after 3 and 6 months of methylphenidate (MPH) treatment in ADHD children. Methods Drug-naive children diagnosed with ADHD combined subtype aging between 7 and 11 years, coming from public and private outpatient service or public and private school, and age-gender-matched non-ADHD children, participated in an open, non-randomized study from February 2013 to December 2013...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004618/organisation-of-services-for-managing-adhd
#5
D R Coghill
There is considerable variation in practice, both between and with different countries in the management of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Whilst there is no one optimal model of service organisation there are general principles of care that can be introduced to reduce this variability. There are frequent debates and discussions about which professional group is best placed to manage ADHD at different points in the life cycle. Who delivers care is however less important than ensuring that training schemes provide adequate exposure, training and experience to both the core and non-core skills required to provide a comprehensive package of care...
December 22, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993230/trends-in-antipsychotic-prescribing-in-medicaid-eligible-youth
#6
Gail A Edelsohn, Irina Karpov, Meghna Parthasarathy, Shari L Hutchison, Kim Castelnovo, Jaswinder Ghuman, James M Schuster
OBJECTIVE: To examine trends in the use of antipsychotic medication in Medicaid-eligible youth from 2008 to 2013 and the factors associated with this use. METHOD: Youth aged 0 to 17 years with at least one claim indicating antipsychotic medication use were identified from the network of a behavioral health managed care organization (BHMCO). Demographic and clinical variables were derived from state eligibility data and service claims data from the BHMCO. Overall and specific prevalence rates of antipsychotic drug use were calculated over the course of 6 years (2008-2013)...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965331/understanding-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-as-a-continuum
#7
REVIEW
John D McLennan
OBJECTIVE: To review research findings that consider whether attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a discrete entity or whether it is more consistent with an extreme end-of-trait distribution in the population and to then grapple with the potential clinical implications. QUALITY OF EVIDENCE: Peer-reviewed publications in the past 5 years, drawing from diverse fields (taxonomy, epidemiology, genetics, neurobiology, and neuropsychology), were identified through searches in MEDLINE and PsycINFO...
December 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957886/self-rated-psychopathic-traits-in-a-sample-of-treatment-seeking-adolescent-girls-with-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-comparisons-to-girls-in-the-community
#8
Svetlana Oshukova, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Jouko Miettunen, Riikka Marttila, Eeva T Aronen, Mauri Marttunen, Matti Kaivosoja, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy research has thus far focused mostly on child, male, and delinquent samples, but the results are most likely non-generalizable to adolescent girls with mental health disorders. AIM: The present study aimed to compare self-rated psychopathic traits between female psychiatric outpatients and girls in the community, and to investigate how psychopathic traits relate to psychiatric disorders. METHOD: The outpatient sample comprised 163 girls aged 15-17-years recruited from municipal mental health services...
December 13, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943285/annual-research-review-digital-health-interventions-for-children-and-young-people-with-mental-health-problems-a-systematic-and-meta-review
#9
REVIEW
Chris Hollis, Caroline J Falconer, Jennifer L Martin, Craig Whittington, Sarah Stockton, Cris Glazebrook, E Bethan Davies
BACKGROUND: Digital health interventions (DHIs), including computer-assisted therapy, smartphone apps and wearable technologies, are heralded as having enormous potential to improve uptake and accessibility, efficiency, clinical effectiveness and personalisation of mental health interventions. It is generally assumed that DHIs will be preferred by children and young people (CYP) given their ubiquitous digital activity. However, it remains uncertain whether: DHIs for CYP are clinically and cost-effective, CYP prefer DHIs to traditional services, DHIs widen access and how they should be evaluated and adopted by mental health services...
December 10, 2016: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940729/it-takes-a-full-service-village-to-treat-children-with-adhd
#10
Mark L Wolraich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939018/exposure-to-ambient-pm10-and-no2-and-the-incidence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-childhood
#11
Jin-Young Min, Kyoung-Bok Min
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have implicated air pollution in the causation of neurodevelopmental disorders, including attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but definitive evidence of this linkage is lacking. OBJECTIVES: We examined the association between cumulative exposure to air pollutants from birth to diagnosis, particularly particulate matter of <10μm (PM10) and nitric dioxide (NO2), and childhood ADHD. METHODS: We used the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (2002-2012), a population-wide health insurance claims dataset...
December 6, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924144/sleep-disturbances-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-comparative-study-with-healthy-siblings
#12
Sreelakshmi Vaidyanathan, Henal Shah, Tejas Gayal
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances in children with ADHD impact their functioning and overall Quality of Life. This paper's purpose is to study the occurrence of sleep disturbances in children with ADHD, in comparison to their healthy siblings and further, within the ADHD group, to look for correlation between sleep disturbances and age, severity of symptoms, presentations of ADHD and illness parameters. METHODS: The parents of 120 children of age group between 5-16 years, (60 children diagnosed with ADHD as per DSM-5 criteria and 60 of their healthy siblings) consecutively enrolled from a hospital's Child Psychiatry Outpatient services were interviewed using Child Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ) and severity of ADHD symptoms was rated using ADHD - RS...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918087/fatigue-in-an-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-population-a-trans-diagnostic-approach
#13
Denise C Rogers, Antonia J Dittner, Katharine A Rimes, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVES: Trans-diagnostic approaches suggest that key cognitive and behavioural processes maintain symptoms across a wide range of mental health disorders. Fatigue is a common clinical feature of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adulthood; however, empirical data supporting its prevalence are lacking. This study aimed to collate outcomes from outpatient services to (1) investigate the prevalence of fatigue in adults with ADHD, (2) examine symptoms of ADHD in adults with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), and (3) consider secondary clinical characteristics common to both disorder groups...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917490/ethnic-disparities-in-school-based-behavioral-health-service-use-for-children-with-psychiatric-disorders
#14
Jill Locke, Christina D Kang-Yi, Melanie Pellecchia, Steven Marcus, Trevor Hadley, David S Mandell
BACKGROUND: We examined racial/ethnic disparities in school-based behavioral health service use for children with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Medicaid claims data were used to compare the behavioral healthcare service use of 23,601 children aged 5-17 years by psychiatric disorder (autism, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], conduct/oppositional defiant disorder, and "other") and by race/ethnicity (African-American, Hispanic, white, and other). Logistic and generalized linear regression analyses were used...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905916/study-protocol-a-dose-escalating-phase-2-study-of-oral-lisdexamfetamine-in-adults-with-methamphetamine-dependence
#15
Nadine Ezard, Adrian Dunlop, Brendan Clifford, Raimondo Bruno, Andrew Carr, Alexandra Bissaker, Nicholas Lintzeris
BACKGROUND: The treatment of methamphetamine dependence is a continuing global health problem. Agonist type pharmacotherapies have been used successfully to treat opioid and nicotine dependence and are being studied for the treatment of methamphetamine dependence. One potential candidate is lisdexamfetamine, a pro-drug for dexamphetamine, which has a longer lasting therapeutic action with a lowered abuse potential. The purpose of this study is to determine the safety of lisdexamfetamine in this population at doses higher than those currently approved for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or binge eating disorder...
December 1, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899902/aggressive-antisocial-behaviors-are-related-to-character-maturity-in-young-swedish-violent-offenders-independent-of-adhd
#16
Thomas Nilsson, Örjan Falk, Eva Billstedt, Nóra Kerekes, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Antisocial personality and psychopathic traits have constantly been found to accompany criminal and aggressive behaviors, but little attention has been given to aspects of character maturity and its relation to such behaviors. The present study investigated (1) whether level of character maturity (low, medium, and high) is associated with amount of aggressive antisocial behaviors (AABs) and psychopathic traits in young men imprisoned for violent criminality, and (2) whether such an association is independent of coexisting attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859951/the-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-conversation-intervention-for-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-adhd-a-quasi-experimental-design
#17
M Gisladottir, E K Svavarsdottir
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Caregivers of adolescents with ADHD experience major difficulties as care providers and are in need of guidance and support. Adolescents with ADHD may develop oppositional and criminal behaviour. More than 50 % have the symptoms in adulthood, and up to one-fourth with severe emotional or antisocial difficulties. There is a lack of evidence of caregivers' supporting intervention although caregiver groups have been found to contribute to better coping, decreased stress and improvements in ADHD symptoms...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824775/evaluation-of-bipolar-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-referred-to-a-mood-service-diagnostic-pathways-and-manic-dimensions
#18
Ana P Ferreira-Maia, Alexandre C Boronat, Miguel A Boarati, Lee Fu-I, Yuan-Pang Wang
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined pediatric mental health services for early-onset bipolar disorder (BD). The goal of this study was to describe diagnostic pathways and manic dimensions in BD among referred children and adolescents. METHODS: Data were obtained from a review of the charts of 814 subjects, 2 to 17 years of age, with a complaint of mood disturbances who were referred between 2003 and 2012 to a university-based child and adolescent clinic that specializes in mood disorders...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821125/advancing-services-for-adult-adhd-the-development-of-the-adhd-star-as-a-framework-for-multidisciplinary-interventions
#19
Marios Adamou, Katharine Graham, Joy MacKeith, Sara Burns, Lisa-Marie Emerson
BACKGROUND: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is prevalent in adulthood, resulting in serious impairment across multiple domains of living. Despite clinical guidance recommendations, the relative infancy of research on service provision for adults with ADHD, along with the evidence transfer gap, means that there is a lack of specific frameworks for service delivery. Igniting research and developing service delivery frameworks within adult ADHD is an essential step in the provision of effective services for adults with ADHD...
November 8, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812453/child-art-psychotherapy-in-camhs-which-cases-are-referred-and-which-cases-drop-out
#20
Leslie Saba, Alison Byrne, Aisling Mulligan
BACKGROUND: The Vasarhelyi method of child art psychotherapy (CAP) is offered at certain Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services. Children attend three introductory sessions, and then choose to continue weekly CAP or conclude the sessions. AIMS: This study aims to identify the clinical disorders and characteristics of patients referred to CAP, and to determine who engages with the therapy. METHODS: A retrospective review of the clinical records of 67 children who attended CAP in DNCC/Mater CAMHS over 13 years was performed...
2016: SpringerPlus
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