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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#1
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527021/comorbidity-prevalence-and-treatment-outcome-in-children-and-adolescents-with-adhd
#2
Laura Reale, Beatrice Bartoli, Massimo Cartabia, Michele Zanetti, Maria Antonella Costantino, Maria Paola Canevini, Cristiano Termine, Maurizio Bonati
Although ADHD comorbidity has been widely studied, some issues remain unsolved. This multicenter observational study aims to examine comorbid psychiatric disorders in a clinical sample of newly diagnosed, treatment naïve children and adolescents with and without ADHD and, to compare treatment efficacy based on the type of comorbidity. We performed an analysis of the medical records of patients identified from the Regional ADHD Registry database, enrolled in 18 ADHD centers in the 2011-2016 period. 1919 of 2861 subjects evaluated (67%) met the diagnostic criteria for ADHD: 650 (34%) had only ADHD, while 1269 (66%) had at least one comorbid psychiatric disorder (learning disorders, 56%; sleep disorders, 23%; oppositional defiant disorder, 20%; anxiety disorders, 12%)...
May 19, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494656/in-service-training-for-increasing-teachers-adhd-knowledge-and-self-efficacy
#3
Alexandre Pascal Latouche, Michael Gascoigne
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to evaluate the efficacy of a brief in-service training workshop at increasing primary school teachers' ADHD knowledge and sense of self-efficacy. METHOD: Teachers from 10 schools participated in the study ( n = 274) and were allocated into either an intervention or waitlist control group. Teachers' ADHD knowledge and self-efficacy were assessed following the provision of a brief training workshop on ADHD. Knowledge and self-efficacy retention were also assessed at a 1-month follow-up...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488369/transitioning-from-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-services-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-ireland-case-note-review
#4
Mimi Tatlow-Golden, Blanaid Gavin, Niamh McNamara, Swaran Singh, Tamsin Ford, Moli Paul, Walter Cullen, Fiona McNicholas
In a context of international concern about early adult mental health service provision, this study identifies characteristics and service outcomes of young people with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) reaching the child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) transition boundary (TB) in Ireland. The iTRACK study invited all 60 CAMHS teams in Ireland to participate; 8 teams retrospectively identified clinical case files for 62 eligible young people reaching the CAMHS TB in all 4 Health Service Executive Regions...
May 10, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481903/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-delay-discounting-and-risky-financial-behaviors-a-preliminary-analysis-of-self-report-data
#5
Theodore P Beauchaine, Itzhak Ben-David, Aner Sela
Delay discounting-often referred to as hyperbolic discounting in the financial literature-is defined by a consistent preference for smaller, immediate rewards over larger, delayed rewards, and by failure of future consequences to curtail current consummatory behaviors. Previous research demonstrates (1) excessive delay discounting among individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), (2) common neural substrates of delay discounting and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms of ADHD, and (3) associations between delay discounting and both debt burden and high interest rate borrowing...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474226/the-prevalence-of-internet-addiction-among-a-japanese-adolescent-psychiatric-clinic-sample-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-or-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ryuhei So, Kazunori Makino, Masaki Fujiwara, Tomoya Hirota, Kozo Ohcho, Shin Ikeda, Shouko Tsubouchi, Masatoshi Inagaki
Extant literature suggests that autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are risk factors for internet addiction (IA). The present cross-sectional study explored the prevalence of IA among 132 adolescents with ASD and/or ADHD in a Japanese psychiatric clinic using Young's Internet Addiction Test. The prevalence of IA among adolescents with ASD alone, with ADHD alone and with comorbid ASD and ADHD were 10.8, 12.5, and 20.0%, respectively. Our results emphasize the clinical importance of screening and intervention for IA when mental health professionals see adolescents with ASD and/or ADHD in psychiatric services...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466613/seasonality-of-methylphenidate-administration-among-children-in-israel
#7
Herman A Cohen, Bella Savitsky, Arie Ashkenasi, Moshe Hoshen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. Recently, increases in ADHD prevalence and methylphenidate use have been reported. There is evidence that children and adolescents use ADHD medication only during the school year. OBJECTIVES: To investigate trends in methylphenidate dispensing over a period of 3 years (2010-2012) at the monthly level and to investigate whether there is any monthly variation, especially during the summer season...
November 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465719/italian-regional-health-service-costs-for-diagnosis-and-1-year-treatment-of-adhd-in-children-and-adolescents
#8
Gianluigi Casadei, Massimo Cartabia, Laura Reale, Maria Antonella Costantino, Maurizio Bonati
The main aim of this study was to estimate the costs associated with diagnostic assessment and 1-year therapy in children and adolescents enrolled in 18 ADHD reference centres. Data concerning 1887 children and adolescents from the mandatory ADHD registry database during the 2012-2014 period were analysed. The overall diagnostic and treatment costs per patient amounts to €574 and €830, respectively. The ADHD centre, the school as sender, and the time to diagnosis constitute cost drivers. Non-pharmacological therapy resulted as being more expensive for patients concomitantly treated with drugs (€929) compared to those treated with psychological interventions alone (€590; p = 0...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439178/hispanic-residential-isolation-adhd-diagnosis-and-stimulant-treatment-among-medicaid-insured-youth
#9
Dinci Pennap, Mehmet Burcu, Daniel J Safer, Julie M Zito
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate a conceptual framework that assessed the effect of Hispanic residential isolation on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) health service utilization among 2.2 million publicly insured youth. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Medicaid administrative claims data for ambulatory care services from a US Pacific state linked with US census data. PARTICIPANTS: Youth, aged 2-17 years, continuously enrolled in 2009...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428817/prevalence-and-correlates-of-adhd-among-adolescents-in-a-beirut-community-sample-results-from-the-bei-psy-study
#10
Elias Ghossoub, Lilian A Ghandour, Fadi Halabi, Pia Zeinoun, Al Amira Safa Shehab, Fadi T Maalouf
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the prevalence, correlates and treatment seeking behavior related to ADHD among adolescents from Lebanon. METHODS: Five hundred and ten adolescents were recruited through multistage stratified cluster sampling of households in Beirut, and separately interviewed along with one parent/legal guardian, using the DAWBA. All adolescents completed the PRQ and the SDQ; the parent/legal guardian also completed the SDQ and provided basic demographic information, including attitudes towards seeking mental health services...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412891/service-receipt-and-mental-disorders-in-child-welfare-and-mental-health-systems-in-los-angeles-county
#11
Amy S He, Dorian E Traube, Kim C Brimhall, Caroline Lim, Greg Lecklitner, Adrienne Olson
OBJECTIVE: Use of administrative data from child welfare (CW) and mental health systems in Los Angeles County provided a unique opportunity to more closely examine mental health needs of children dually served by these systems. This study examined the presence of mental disorders and correlates of receipt of mental health services by diagnostic classification in this population. METHODS: Data were obtained for 3,191 children receiving services from Los Angeles County's Department of Children and Family Services and Department of Mental Health (DMH) between July 2011 and July 2012...
April 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408828/access-to-diagnosis-treatment-and-supportive-services-among-pharmacotherapy-treated-children-adolescents-with-adhd-in-europe-data-from-the-caregiver-perspective-on-pediatric-adhd-survey
#12
Moshe Fridman, Tobias Banaschewski, Vanja Sikirica, Javier Quintero, Kristina S Chen
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood psychiatric disorders and negatively impacts caregivers' lives. Factors including barriers to accessing care, dissatisfaction with support services, and lack of caregiver resources may contribute to this. OBJECTIVES: To report caregivers' experiences of ADHD diagnosis, behavioral therapy (BT), and supportive care for children/adolescents with ADHD. METHODS: The Caregiver Perspective on Pediatric ADHD (CAPPA) survey included caregivers of children/adolescents (6-17 years) from ten European countries who were currently receiving/had received ADHD pharmacotherapy in the previous 6 months...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391109/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-substance-abuse-an-investigation-in-young-austrian-males
#13
Anita Riegler, Sabine Völkl-Kernstock, Otto Lesch, Henriette Walter, Katrin Skala
BACKGROUND: Many studies have found an association between Substance Use Disorders (SUDs) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children, adolescents and adults. We intended to determine whether substance abuse and SUDs are associated with former and current ADHD symptomatology in a non-clinical sample of 17 and 18 year old males. METHOD: A representative sample of 3280 young men (6.8% of all males born in Austria in the respective year) was investigated during the examination for military service...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387067/clinical-and-genetic-aspects-of-the-15q11-2-bp1-bp2-microdeletion-disorder
#14
M G Butler
BACKGROUND: The 15q11.2 BP1-BP2 microdeletion (Burnside-Butler susceptibility locus) is an emerging condition with over 200 individuals reported in the literature. TUBGCP5, CFYIP1, NIPA1 and NIPA2 genes are located in this chromosome 15 region and when disturbed individually are known to cause neurological, cognitive or behavioural problems as well as playing a role in both Prader-Willi and Angelman syndromes. These syndromes were the first examples in humans of genomic imprinting and typically caused by a deletion but involving the distal chromosome 15q11-q13 breakpoint BP3 and proximally placed breakpoints BP1 or BP2 of different parental origin...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382197/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-medication-use-factors-involved-in-prescribing-safety-aspects-and-outcomes
#15
REVIEW
Jose Martinez-Raga, Amparo Ferreros, Carlos Knecht, Raquel de Alvaro, Eloisa Carabal
While treatment of patients with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is based on a multimodal approach that combines medication with specific psychological interventions, pharmacotherapy alone is generally considered an essential and cost-effective element. This paper aims to comprehensively and critically review factors involved in prescribing and medication use in individuals diagnosed with ADHD, focusing on the difficulties facing patients with ADHD seeking treatment, as well as the safety and tolerability aspects of ADHD pharmacotherapies, with particular attention on the cardiovascular adverse events and the potential risk of misuse or diversion of ADHD medications...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370311/diagnostic-clusters-associated-with-an-early-onset-schizophrenia-diagnosis-among-children-and-adolescents
#16
Jeanette M Jerrell, Roger S McIntyre, Chelsea B Deroche
OBJECTIVE: Given the greater severity and chronicity of psychiatric disorders that first declare in individuals under the age of 18, early onset schizophrenia (EOS) and its association with co-occurring psychiatric conditions deserve further investigation. METHODS: Cluster and discriminant analyses were used to examine the heterogeneity of children and adolescents diagnosed with schizophrenia in 1 statewide system of care. A retrospective cohort design was employed, using South Carolina's (USA) Medicaid claims dataset covering outpatient and inpatient medical services between January, 1999 and December, 2013 to identify patients ≤17 years of age...
March 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369935/phase-2-of-catalise-a-multinational-and-multidisciplinary-delphi-consensus-study-of-problems-with-language-development-terminology
#17
Dorothy V M Bishop, Margaret J Snowling, Paul A Thompson, Trisha Greenhalgh
BACKGROUND: Lack of agreement about criteria and terminology for children's language problems affects access to services as well as hindering research and practice. We report the second phase of a study using an online Delphi method to address these issues. In the first phase, we focused on criteria for language disorder. Here we consider terminology. METHODS: The Delphi method is an iterative process in which an initial set of statements is rated by a panel of experts, who then have the opportunity to view anonymised ratings from other panel members...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363250/prevalence-of-adhd-in-publicly-insured-adults
#18
Yanmin Zhu, Wei Liu, Yan Li, Xi Wang, Almut G Winterstein
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of adult ADHD diagnosis and treatment in U.S. Medicaid beneficiaries. METHOD: Using outpatient, inpatient, and pharmacy billing records for patients eligible for Medicaid fee-for-service benefits within 29 states from 1999 to 2010, we estimated the annual prevalence of ADHD diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: The prevalence of ADHD diagnosis increased from 2.20 per 1,000 patients in 1999 to 10.57 in 2010...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334461/profile-of-children-diagnosed-with-a-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-chart-review
#19
Natasha Reid, Doug Shelton, Judith Warner, Frances O'Callaghan, Sharon Dawe
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a significant public health concern, and growing recognition in Australia led to the establishment of a specialist service for young children. The aim of the current study was to report on the diagnostic profile of a group of children who attended the service, to document the extent to which there were comorbid diagnoses and to provide information on the neurocognitive functioning of the children. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review conducted by the diagnostic service...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333516/collaborative-mental-health-care-for-pediatric-behavior-disorders-in-primary-care-does-it-reduce-mental-health-care-costs
#20
Hao Yu, David J Kolko, Eunice Torres
OVERVIEW: One recently completed randomized controlled trial (RCT) demonstrated the effectiveness of a doctor-office collaborative care (DOCC), relative to enhanced usual care (EUC), for pediatric behavior problems and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In this study, we sought to extend the literature by incorporating a cost-analysis component at the conclusion of the aforementioned trial. To our knowledge, it was the first study to examine whether the DOCC model leads to lower costs of mental health services for children...
March 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
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