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Michael Dietrich, Niklas Helling, Alexander Hilla, Annemarie Heskamp, Andrea Issberner, Thomas Hildebrandt, Zippora Kohne, Patrick Küry, Carsten Berndt, Orhan Aktas, Dietmar Fischer, Hans-Peter Hartung, Philipp Albrecht
BACKGROUND: In multiple sclerosis (MS), neurodegeneration is the main reason for chronic disability. Alpha-lipoic acid (LA) is a naturally occurring antioxidant which has recently been demonstrated to reduce the rate of brain atrophy in progressive MS. However, it remains uncertain if it is also beneficial in the early, more inflammatory-driven phases. As clinical studies are costly and time consuming, optic neuritis (ON) is often used for investigating neuroprotective or regenerative therapeutics...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Neuroinflammation
Natália Guimarães Barbosa, Amanda Katarinny Goes Gonzaga, Luzia Leiros de Sena Fernandes, Aldilane Gonçalves da Fonseca, Salomão Israel Monteiro Lourenço Queiroz, Telma Maria Araújo Moura Lemos, Éricka Janine Dantas da Silveira, Ana Miryam Costa de Medeiros
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) and alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) in the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and secondary oral burning (SOB) by unstimulated sialometry, symptom assessment, and measurement of salivary TNF-α levels. Forty-four patients were randomized into four treatment groups: BMS/laser (n = 10), BMS/ALA (n = 5), SOB/laser (n = 15), and SOB/ALA (n = 14). The control group consisted of eight healthy female subjects. Unstimulated salivary flow was measured before and after treatment, and the collected saliva was stored at - 20 °C for the analysis of TNF-α...
March 3, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Wafaa R Mohamed, Ahmed B M Mehany, Rasha M Hussein
The chronic exposure to chlorpyrifos (CPF) pesticide induces several human disorders including hepatotoxicity. Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a natural antioxidant compound found in plants and animals. The present study aimed to investigate the possible protective effect of ALA against CPF-induced hepatotoxicity and the possible underlying molecular mechanism. Thirty-two male Wistar rats were divided into: Normal rats received only vehicle; ALA group received ALA (10 mg/kg, i.p.); CPF group received CPF (18 mg/kg, s...
February 23, 2018: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Asmaa M S Gomaa, Nashwa A Abd El-Mottaleb, Hazem A Aamer
Little is known about the role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the gastric ulcer and the effect of alpha lipoic acid (ALA) in their modulation. Hence, this experimental study was designed to assess the possible protective effect of ALA against indomethacin (IND)-induced gastric ulcer in rats, as well as to determine the possible underlying mechanisms with a special focus on TNF-α, PAI-1, and iNOS. Adult male rats (n = 28) were divided into four equal groups: the control group received distilled water, the vehicle group received 0...
February 24, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Zahra Namvarpour, Mohammad Nasehi, Abdollah Amini, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast
Aim Thimerosal, a mercury-containing preservative has been widely used in a number of biological and drug products, including many vaccines, and has been studied as a possible etiological factor for some neurodevelopmental disabilities. Here, the protective effects of Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA), an organosulfur compound derived from Octanoic Acid, on Thimerosal-induced behavioral abnormalities in rat were examined. METHODS: 108 male Wistar rats were divided into three cohorts and treated as follows: 1) Thimerosal at different doses (30, 300, or 3000 μg Hg/kg) in four i...
February 23, 2018: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
Ola A Hussein, Amel M M Abdel-Hafez, Ayat Abd El Kareim
Limb ischemia reperfusion (I/R) injury is associated with serious local and systemic effects. Reperfusion may augment tissue injury in excess of that produced by ischemia alone. The hippocampus has been reported to be vulnerable to I/R injury. Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) is an endogenous antioxidant with a powerful antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antiapoptotic properties. We studied the probable restorative effect of ALA on limb I/R-induced structural damage of rat hippocampus. Forty adult male albino rats were divided equally into four groups: group I (sham); group II (I/R-1 day) has undergone bilateral femoral arteries occlusion (3 h), then reperfusion for 1 day; group III (I/R-7 days) has undergone reperfusion for seven days; group IV (I/R-ALA) has undergone I/R as group III and received an intraperitoneal injection of ALA (100 mg/kg) for 7 days...
March 2018: Ultrastructural Pathology
E I Chukanova, A S Chukanova
The issues of classification, pathogenesis, pathomorphology and treatment of diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) are addressed. Pathogenetic mechanisms of the action of alpha-lipoic acid in treatment of DPN are justified. The authors present the results of randomized placebo-controlled trials of alpha-lipoic acid that revealed the high clinical efficacy and absence of side-effects even during the long-term treatment.
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Xinjie Gao, Wei Chen, Jinquan Li, Chao Shen, Ping Zhou, Xiaoming Che, Xiaomu Li, Rong Xie
Alpha-lipoic Acid(ALA), an endogenous short-chain fatty acid, has been found inducing a protective effect against ischemia and reperfusion(I/R) injury. Recently, mTOR signaling pathway has been proved to involve in the mechanism of I/R injury. In our previous study, we determined that ALA could protect cerebral endothelial cells against I/R injury via mTOR signaling pathway. However, whether ALA can protect against brain I/R injury in vivo and its mechanisms is uncertain. In this study, we try to explore if the ALA treatment can protect against brain I/R injury and confirm the relationship between ALA and mTOR signaling pathway...
February 9, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
Marzena Dworacka, Galina Chukanova, Saule Iskakova, Yergen Kurmambayev, Anna Wesołowska, Bartosz A Frycz, Paweł P Jagodziński, Grzegorz Dworacki
PURPOSE: Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), widely known as an antioxidant, modifies also serum levels of angiogenic factors in type 2 diabetic patients. These pharmacological activities may influence the status of the cardiovascular system. Taking into consideration that diabetes is related to the increased cardiovascular risk we investigated several effects of ALA on angiogenic factors in the myocardium and in the aortal wall using a rat model of type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Diabetes was induced in Wistar rats by a fat-rich diet and by intraperitoneal injection of a small dose of streptozotocin (30 mg/kg)...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Alex B Hansen, Ryan L Hoiland, Nia C S Lewis, Michael M Tymko, Joshua C Tremblay, Michael Stembridge, Daniela Nowak-Flück, Howard H Carter, Damian M Bailey, Philip N Ainslie
Hypoxia is associated with an increased systemic and cerebral formation of free radicals and associated reactants that may be linked to impaired cerebral vascular function a neurological sequela. To what extent oral antioxidants prophylaxis impacts cerebrovascular function in humans throughout the course of acclimatization to the hypoxia of terrestrial high-altitude has not been examined. Thus, the purpose of the current study was to examine the influence of orally ingested antioxidants at clinically relevant doses (vitamin C, E, and alpha-lipoic acid) on cerebrovascular regulation at sea-level (344 m; n = 12; female n = 2 participants), and at high altitude (5050 m; n = 9; female n = 2), in a randomized, placebo-controlled, and double-blinded crossover design...
February 10, 2018: Experimental Physiology
Ferenc Sztanek, Ildiko Seres, Hajnalka Lorincz, Agnes Molnar, Gyorgy Paragh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Atherosclerosis
Gonul Vural, Hesna Bektas, Sadiye Gumusyayla, Orhan Deniz, Murat Alışık, Ozcan Erel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to examine thiol-disulphide homeostasis in patients with polyneuropathy dominated by diabetic or non-diabetic axonal degeneration. MATERIALS-METHODS: Fifty-four patients diagnosed with polyneuropathy dominated by axonal damage and 41 healthy subjects were included in the study. The patients were grouped into two groups according to whether or not they had diabetes. The native thiol and total thiol concentrations were measured with the newly developed automated method...
January 23, 2018: Neurological Research
Elisa Alejandra Monroy Guízar, Leonel García Benavides, Ana Rosa Ambriz Plascencia, Sara Pascoe González, Sylvia Elena Totsuka Sutto, Ernesto German Cardona Muñoz, Miriam Méndez-Del Villar
The objective of our study was to examine the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) on clinical and neurophysiologic outcomes after surgery for idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in 20 adults diagnosed with idiopathic CTS after clinical and neurophysiologic assessment. Eligible participants took 600 mg ALA or placebo per day for 1 month before surgery, and for 2 months afterward. Further clinical and neurophysiologic assessments were undertaken immediately before surgical decompression, and at 12 weeks postoperatively with additional clinical assessments at the 4th and 8th week after surgery...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
Luis Rafael Leite Sampaio, Francisco Maurício Sales Cysne Filho, Jamily Cunha de Almeida, Danilo Dos Santos Diniz, Cláudio Felipe Vasconcelos Patrocínio, Caren Nádia Soares de Sousa, Manoel Cláudio Azevedo Patrocínio, Danielle S Macêdo, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder reported to compromise about 1% of the world's population. Although its pathophysiological process is not completely elucidated, evidence showing the presence of an oxidative imbalance has been increasingly highlighted in the literature. Thus, the use of antioxidant substances may be of importance for schizophrenia treatment. The objective of this study was to evaluate the behavioral and oxidative alterations by the combination of chlorpromazine (CP) and alpha-lipoic acid (ALA), a potent antioxidant, in the ketamine (KET) model of schizophrenia in rats...
January 11, 2018: Neuroscience
Juan Huang, Qiang Wang, Tong Li, Nan Xia, Qiang Xia
BACKGROUND: Linseed oil and alpha-lipoic acid are bioactive ingredients, which play an important role in human's nutrition and health. However, their application in functional foods is limited because of their instabilities and poor solubilities in hydrophilic matrices. Multilayer emulsions are particularly useful to protect encapsulated bioactive ingredients. The aim of this study was to fabricate multilayer emulsions by high pressure homogenization method to encapsulate linseed oil and alpha-lipoic acid simultaneously...
January 4, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Nella Ambrosi, Diego Guerrieri, Fiorella Caro, Francisco Sanchez, Geraldine Haeublein, Domingo Casadei, Claudio Incardona, Eduardo Chuluyan
Organ replacement is an option to mitigate irreversible organ damage. This procedure has achieved a considerable degree of acceptance. However, several factors significantly limit its effectiveness. Among them, the initial inflammatory graft reaction due to ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) has a fundamental influence on the short and long term organ function. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced during the IRI actively participates in these adverse events. Therapeutic strategies that tend to limit the action of free radicals could result in beneficial effects in transplantation outcome...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Anastasia V Shindyapina, Tatiana V Komarova, Ekaterina V Sheshukova, Natalia M Ershova, Vadim N Tashlitsky, Alexander V Kurkin, Ildar R Yusupov, Garik V Mkrtchyan, Murat Y Shagidulin, Yuri L Dorokhov
The healthy human body contains small amounts of metabolic formaldehyde (FA) that mainly results from methanol oxidation by pectin methylesterase, which is active in a vegetable diet and in the gastrointestinal microbiome. With age, the ability to maintain a low level of FA decreases, which increases the risk of Alzheimer's disease and dementia. It has been shown that 1,2-dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid or alpha lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring dithiol and antioxidant cofactor of mitochondrial α-ketoacid dehydrogenases, increases glutathione (GSH) content and FA metabolism by mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) thus manifests a therapeutic potential beyond its antioxidant property...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Bhandarkar Gowri Pandarinath, V Shetty Kushal, Kulkarni Arati
Oral submucous fibrosis(OSMF), because of its common occurrence in Indian population is known as India's disease. Regardless of diagnostic and therapeutic developments, oral potentially malignant disorders(PMD) and cancers are disseminating at a distressing rate. There is this prerequisite for unrelenting determination to find out apt treatment options so that malignant transformation may be prevented and more so the prevailing morbidity and mortality. Considering the frequency with which oral submucous fibrosis undergoes malignant transformation with free radicals playing a major part, the role of antioxidants in general and thioctic acid also known as alpha lipoic acid(ALA) in particular need to be studied in these individuals...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Niria Treviño-Saldaña, Gerardo García-Rivas
Modulation of posttranslational modifications (PTMs), such as protein acetylation, is considered a novel therapeutic strategy to combat the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases. Protein hyperacetylation is associated with the development of numerous cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis, hypertension, cardiac hypertrophy, and heart failure. In addition, decreased expression and activity of the deacetylases Sirt1, Sirt3, and Sirt6 have been linked to the development and progression of cardiac dysfunction...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
K M Sadek, E A Saleh, S M Nasr
BACKGROUND: Liver fibrosis is a noteworthy well-being issue that can prompt the progression of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Prominently, many antioxidants have been shown to have defensive impacts against liver fibrosis. AIM: Subsequently, in the present study, the viability of alpha-lipoic acid (α-LA) in ensuring against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-actuated liver fibrosis and the mechanism(s) involved in this defensive impact were considered in rats...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
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