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the clinical neuropsychologist

Matthew Calamia, John P K Bernstein
INTRODUCTION: Depressive symptoms are common in patients assessed by neuropsychologists, and these symptoms can have an effect on cognitive functioning. Discrepancies between patient- and informant-reported depressive symptoms have been found in some diagnostic groups, raising concerns as to the value of assessing depressive symptoms via self-report alone. This study aimed to examine the relationship between these discrepancies and cognitive functioning in a heterogeneous outpatient neuropsychological sample...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Tanya N Antonini, Stacey S Beer, Tamir Miloh, William J Dreyer, Susan E Caudle
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the current literature on neuropsychological functioning in two groups of children requiring organ transplants (liver or heart) and present recent clinical data collected through the liver and cardiac transplantation programs at a large pediatric academic medical center. METHOD: Data included in this study came from 18 patients who completed evaluations for heart transplant (n = 8) or liver transplant (n = 10) between the ages of 2 and 6 years (inclusive)...
October 11, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Jennifer Tinker, Elizabeth Fletman
PURPOSE: We classified patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) according to a newly proposed classification system. Then, we investigated the demographic and clinical differences between various classes of the patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated all patients with PNESs admitted to the Jefferson Comprehensive Epilepsy Center from 2012 through 2016. We classified the patients into four distinct classes: patients with generalized motor seizures, patients with akinetic seizures, patients with focal motor seizures, and patients with seizures with subjective symptoms...
October 7, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
J Keshav Kumar, Akila Sadasivan
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue with the objective to provide information on neuropsychology in India. METHOD: Information was gathered from a literature search and personal communication with professionals working in the field of neuropsychology. RESULTS: Neuropsychology as a specialization started in India approximately 40 years ago. The early years witnessed the use of Western tools for assessing patients with organic brain damage...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Maiko Sakamoto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this special issue was to describe the cross-cultural differences in neuropsychology throughout the world. The current state of neuropsychology in Japan is discussed in this manuscript. METHOD: Information on six topics, including (1) the history of Japanese neuropsychology, (2) licensure system, (3) job opportunities, (4) neuropsychological clinical services, (5) neuropsychological tests, and (6) neuropsychological research, was gathered via literature searches, official organization websites, and personal communication with clinical psychologists and other professionals in Japan...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Alberto Luis Fernandez, Aldo Ferreres, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, current situation, and future challenges of Argentinian neuropsychology. METHOD: A brief historical description highlighting the most representative authors and publications is made. In addition, a survey was administered to a sample of 135 neuropsychologists practicing neuropsychology in Argentina. The survey explored the current neuropsychological practices among the respondents. RESULTS: Results show that most Argentinian neuropsychologists are: psychologists, women, and work in the clinical field in the country's major cities...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Laura Hokkanen, Taina Nybo, Erja Poutiainen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this invited paper for a special issue of international practice in The Clinical Neuropsychologist is to provide information on training models, clinical practice, and professional issues within neuropsychology in Finland. METHOD: Relevant information was gathered via literature searches, a survey by the Neuropsychology Working Group of the Finnish Psychological Association, archives of the Finnish Neuropsychological Society, and personal communication with professionals in Finland...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Agnes S Chan, Sophia L Sze, Mei-Chun Cheung, Yvonne M Y Han
OBJECTIVE: To review the development, application, and value of neuropsychology, and the standard education and training pathway for neuropsychologists or clinical neuropsychologists in Hong Kong. METHOD: The information provided here was gathered via a literature review of the status of neuropsychology and the validity of commonly adopted neuropsychological tests in Hong Kong. Additional details were acquired via the internet about local tertiary education curricula and the related requirements, the availability of professional associations for licensure or board certification, and relevant statistics/surveys conducted by the government...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Jennie Ponsford
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the development and practice of clinical neuropsychology in Australia. METHOD: Clinical Neuropsychology has shown rapid growth in Australia over the past three decades. Comprehensive and specialized training programs are producing high quality graduates who are employed in a broad range of settings or private practice. RESULTS: Australia now has a substantial number of clinical neuropsychologists with specialist training...
August 10, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Laura A Janzen, Sharon Guger
OBJECTIVE: This invited paper provides information about professional neuropsychology issues in Canada and is part of a special issue addressing international perspectives on education, training, and practice in clinical neuropsychology. METHOD: Information was gathered from literature searches and personal communication with other neuropsychologists in Canada. RESULTS: Canada has a rich neuropsychological history. Neuropsychologists typically have doctoral-level education including relevant coursework and supervised practical experience...
August 9, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Thomas Sauvigny, Katja Brückner, Lasse Dührsen, Oliver Heese, Manfred Westphal, Stefan R G Stodieck, Tobias Martens
OBJECTIVE: Selective amygdalohippocampectomy (sAHE) is a well-established treatment for temporal lobe epilepsy, commonly with favorable neuropsychological outcome. Yet, it is still unknown if subsequent resection of the anteromesial temporal lobe (AMTLR), when necessary, deteriorates neuropsychological performance in this selected group of patients. Thus, we evaluated the clinical and neuropsychological data of patients who, due to insufficient seizure control after sAHE, received a subsequent ipsilateral AMTLR and compared these findings with patients who did not receive a second resection (control group)...
September 28, 2016: Epilepsia
Christopher L Grote, Alissa M Butts, Doug Bodin
OBJECTIVE: This invited paper is intended to give an overview regarding the education and training pathways for the practice of neuropsychology in the United States. It is also meant to describe the types of activities engaged in by neuropsychologists, a description of their work settings and the amounts/ways in which they are compensated for their work. METHOD: The authors reviewed the literature and relied on their professional and organizational experiences to collect the necessary data...
August 12, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Meta van Toutert, Han Diesfeldt, Dirk Hoek
The six tests in the Amsterdam Dementia Screening Test (ADST) examine the cognitive domains of episodic memory (delayed picture recognition, word learning), orientation, category fluency (animals and occupations), constructional ability (figure copying) and executive function (alternating sequences). New normative data were collected in a sample of 102 elderly volunteers (aged 65-94), including subjects with medical or other health conditions, except dementia or frank cognitive impairment (MMSE > 24). Included subjects were independent in complex instrumental activities of daily living...
September 15, 2016: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
Myung-Sun Kim, Jeanyung Chey
OBJECTIVE: Clinical neuropsychology in South Korea, albeit its relatively short history, has advanced dramatically. We review a brief history and current status of clinical neuropsychology in South Korea. METHOD: The history, the educational pathway, the training pathway, the certification process, and careers in clinical neuropsychology in South Korea are reviewed. RESULTS: We have reviewed the neuropsychological services, including assessment and treatment, research on neurological and psychiatric populations, and neuropsychology education and the requirements related to education, training, and board examinations of those providing neuropsychological services in South Korea...
September 12, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Brechje Dandachi-FitzGerald, Harald Merckelbach, Rudolf W H M Ponds
OBJECTIVE: We explored to what extent experienced neuropsychologists can predict distorted symptom presentation of clinically referred hospital outpatients. METHOD: Using clinical files and interview results, 31 neuropsychologists made predictions as to how 203 patients would perform on two response validity tests. Their predictions were matched against actual passing or failing two such tests, of which one measured overreporting of symptoms and the other underperformance on cognitive tests...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Barton W Palmer, Alexandrea L Harmell
It is often necessary for neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, and other healthcare professionals to assess an individual's capacity to consent to treatment related to healthcare. This task can be challenging and requires a delicate balance of both respect for individuals' autonomy, as well as the protection of individuals with diminished capacity to make an autonomous decision. The purpose of the present review is to provide an overview of the conceptual model of decisional capacity as well as a brief summary of some of the currently available instruments designed to help evaluate medical decision making...
September 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Paul M Kaufmann
Clinical neuropsychologists accept more forensic referrals now and spend more time in forensic consulting than ever before. Recent surveys show weekly hours devoted to forensic consulting increased 97% in the past decade. During the same time period, the number of board certified neuropsychologists more than doubled. Under recently published Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology, clinical neuropsychologists practice forensic psychology when applying scientific, technical, or specialized knowledge of neuropsychology to the law to assist in addressing legal, contractual, or administrative matters...
September 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
Daniel Marson
The ability to manage financial affairs is a life skill of critical importance, and neuropsychologists are increasingly asked to assess financial capacity across a variety of settings. Sound clinical assessment of financial capacity requires knowledge and appreciation of applicable clinical conceptual models and principles. However, the literature has presented relatively little conceptual guidance for clinicians concerning financial capacity and its assessment. This article seeks to address this gap. The article presents six clinical models of financial capacity : (1) the early gerontological IADL model of Lawton, (2) the clinical skills model and (3) related cognitive psychological model developed by Marson and colleagues, (4) a financial decision-making model adapting earlier decisional capacity work of Appelbaum and Grisso, (5) a person-centered model of financial decision-making developed by Lichtenberg and colleagues, and (6) a recent model of financial capacity in the real world developed through the Institute of Medicine...
September 2016: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
C W Wallesch
In the context of neurological assessment, neuropsychological deficits, in particular of attention and memory functions, usually require additional neuropsychological evaluation. Clinical neuropsychology also has at its disposal an inventory of validated and standardized tests for assessing symptom validity. Procedure, test selection, quality criteria and limitations of neuropsychological expert medical evaluations are presented. Independent expert evaluations should be conducted by a qualified clinical neuropsychologist...
July 2016: Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie
Martin Vyhnálek, Eva Rubínová, Hana Marková, Tomáš Nikolai, Jan Laczó, Ross Andel, Jakub Hort
OBJECTIVES: The clock drawing test (CDT) is a commonly used brief cognitive measure. We evaluated diagnostic accuracy of subjective ratings of CDT by physicians (with/without specialty in cognitive neurology) and neuropsychologists in discriminating amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), Alzheimer's dementia (AD) and cognitively healthy older adults. We further compared the diagnostic accuracy of subjective categorical ratings with complex scoring of CDT. METHODS: Three cognitive neurologists, three neuropsychologists and six neurology residents without experience in cognitive neurology blinded to the diagnosis rated 187 CDTs (50 mild AD, 49 aMCI and 88 cognitively healthy older adults) using a "yes" (abnormal) versus "suspected" versus "no" (normal) classification...
July 28, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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