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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028904/considerations-for-clinical-neuropsychological-evaluation-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#1
Susan C Woolley, Beth K Rush
The clinical neuropsychologist has the opportunity to be uniquely involved in the evaluation and treatment of individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We review the current literature that defines cognitive and behavioral symptoms in ALS, including current knowledge of the neuropathological and genetic underpinning for these symptoms. There are unique considerations for clinical neuropsychological evaluation and clinical research in ALS and we highlight these in this review. Specifically, we shed light on special factors that contribute to our understanding of cognitive and behavioral impairment in ALS, including co-morbid symptoms, differential diagnosis, and considerations for longitudinal tracking of phenotypes...
September 28, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028865/clinical-ethics-in-the-context-of-deep-brain-stimulation-for-movement-disorders
#2
Cynthia S Kubu, Paul J Ford
Objective: Discuss common clinical ethical challenges encountered in working with patients who are candidates for deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease (PD). Method: The relevant literature is reviewed and supplemented by descriptive, ethically challenging cases stemming from decades of combined experience working on DBS teams. We outline ethical arguments and provide pragmatic recommendations to assist neuropsychologists working in movement disorder teams...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028864/predicting-cognitive-functioning-activities-of-daily-living-and-participation-6-months-after-mild-to-moderate-stroke
#3
Madison Bertolin, Ryan Van Patten, Taylor Greif, Robert Fucetola
Objective: Predicting neurocognitive and functional outcomes in stroke is an important clinical task, especially in rehabilitation settings. We assessed acute predictors of cognitive and functional outcomes 6 months after mild to moderate stroke. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of acute clinical data and 6-month follow-up telephone interviews for 498 mild to moderate stroke patients. Predictors were sociodemographic variables, the National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS), basic physical measures, the Mesulam Cancellation Test, the Short Blessed Test (SBT), Trails A/B, and the Boston Naming Test...
September 25, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972453/impaired-eye-contact-in-the-fmr1-premutation-is-not-associated-with-social-anxiety-or-the-broad-autism-phenotype
#4
Jessica Klusek, Alexis Ruber, Jane E Roberts
OBJECTIVE: The Fragile X Mental Retardation-1 (FMR1) premutation is a common genetic abnormality, affecting ~1:150 women in the United States. Clinical neuropsychologists are becoming increasingly aware of their role in the clinical management of the FMR1 premutation, which is associated with risk for a range of cognitive, executive, neuromotor, and psychological impairments, including neurodegenerative disease. This study investigated atypical eye contact as a critical neuropsychological phenotype associated with the FMR1 premutation...
October 3, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952044/health-related-quality-of-life-of-cranial-who-grade-i-meningioma-patients-are-current-questionnaires-relevant
#5
Amir H Zamanipoor Najafabadi, Marthe C M Peeters, Daniel J Lobatto, Marieke L D Broekman, Timothy R Smith, Nienke R Biermasz, Saskia M Peerdeman, Wilco C Peul, Martin J B Taphoorn, Wouter R van Furth, Linda Dirven
BACKGROUND: The clinical relevance of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) in meningioma patients has been increasingly acknowledged in recent years. Various questionnaires have been used. However, almost none of these questionnaires has been particularly developed for and/or validated in this patient group. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the relevance and comprehensiveness of existing HRQoL questionnaires used in meningioma research and to assess the agreement between patients and health care professionals (HCPs) on the most relevant and important HRQoL issues...
September 27, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946581/perception-of-ethical-misconduct-by-neuropsychology-professionals-in-spain
#6
Laiene Olabarrieta-Landa, Alfonso Caracuel Romero, Ivan Panyavin, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence of perceived ethical misconduct in clinical practice, teaching, and research in the field of neuropsychology in Spain. METHOD: Two hundred and fifteen self-identified mental health professionals who engage in neuropsychology practice in Spain completed an online survey from July to December of 2013. In the ethics section of the survey, participants were asked to identify if neuropsychologists they know who work in their country engaged in specific kinds of ethical misconduct...
September 16, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920510/the-stakeholders-project-in-neuropsychological-report-writing-a-survey-of-neuropsychologists-and-referral-sources-views-of-neuropsychological-reports
#7
Karen Postal, Clifton Chow, Sharon Jung, Kalen Erickson-Moreo, Flannery Geier, Margaret Lanca
OBJECTIVE: Though some neuropsychological groups have proposed criteria and suggestions for clinical report writing there has never been professional consensus or accepted published guidelines on how to write reports. Given the paucity of guidelines and the evolving practice climate, we sought to survey neuropsychologists and referral source stakeholders to understand current report writing practices. METHOD: The data were collected in two SurveyMonkey surveys via professional list servs, email, and LinkedIn clinical interest groups...
September 17, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874091/gender-in-clinical-neuropsychology-practice-survey-trends-and-comparisons-outside-the-specialty
#8
Jerry J Sweet, Catherine Lee, Leslie M Guidotti Breting, Laura M Benson
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes gender-related trends within clinical neuropsychology, based primarily on recurrent practice surveys within the specialty and, to a lesser extent, job-related information from medical specialties and the general U.S. labor market. METHOD: Chronological and cross-sectional analyses of professional practice survey data from 2005, 2010, and 2015 relevant to gender. As is common with survey data, descriptive analysis and independent samples t-tests were conducted...
September 5, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874075/congenital-heart-disease-a-primer-for-the-pediatric-neuropsychologist
#9
Adam R Cassidy, Dawn Ilardi, Susan R Bowen, Lyla E Hampton, Kimberley P Heinrich, Michelle M Loman, Jacqueline H Sanz, Kelly R Wolfe
Congenital heart disease (CHD) affects millions of people worldwide, including over one million children in the United States. Approximately 25% of children born with CHD require intensive surgical intervention within the first year of life. Despite improved rates of survival into adulthood - rates that exceed 90% in the modern era - children and adolescents with CHD remain at risk for neurological injury and a range of neurobehavioral and psychosocial challenges that pose a threat to quality of life across the lifespan...
September 6, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868255/resection-of-gliomas-with-and-without-neuropsychological-support-during-awake-craniotomy-effects-on-surgery-and-clinical-outcome
#10
Anna Kelm, Nico Sollmann, Sebastian Ille, Bernhard Meyer, Florian Ringel, Sandro M Krieg
BACKGROUND: During awake craniotomy for tumor resection, a neuropsychologist (NP) is regarded as a highly valuable partner for neurosurgeons. However, some centers do not routinely involve an NP, and data to support the high influence of the NP on the perioperative course of patients are mostly lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a difference in clinical outcomes between patients who underwent awake craniotomy with and without the attendance of an NP...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774225/the-anterior-temporal-lobes-new-frontiers-opened-to-neuropsychological-research-by-changes-in-health-care-and-disease-epidemiology
#11
Guido Gainotti
Changes in health care and disease epidemiology have shifted the attention of neuropsychologists and cognitive neuroscientists from vascular lesions to degenerative diseases or other bilateral brain lesions. This displacement of attention from vascular patients to patients with degenerative brain diseases allowed the discovery of hitherto unexplored and unheralded aspects of the neural substrates of human cognition. Three aspects of research on the anterior parts of the temporal lobes (ATLs) are the focus of the present review...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741419/measuring-and-diagnosing-unilateral-neglect-a-standardized-statistical-procedure
#12
Alessio Toraldo, Cristian Romaniello, Paolo Sommaruga
OBJECTIVE: Unilateral neglect is usually investigated by adminstering stimuli (targets) in different positions, with targets being responded to by the patient (Hit) or omitted. In spite of this homogeneity of data type, neglect indices and diagnostic criteria vary considerably, causing inconsistencies in both clinical and experimental settings. We aimed at deriving a standard analysis which would apply to all tasks sharing this data form. METHODS: A-priori theoretical reasoning demonstrated that the mean position of Hits in space (MPH) is an optimal index for correctly diagnosing and quantifying neglect...
July 25, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727326/-evaluation-of-an-outpatient-multidisciplinary-neuro-hiv-clinic-by-the-patients-and-referring-doctors
#13
Kevin Vallotton, Mélanie Métral, Oury Chocron, Reto Meuli, Deolinda Alves, Renaud Du Pasquier, Matthias Cavassini
The neurocognitive complaints among HIV infected patients remain frequent, and to establish their etiology can be challenging. We created in 2011 an outpatient Neuro-HIV clinical platform that takes advantage of a multidisciplinary approach with 5 specialists (neuropsychologist, neurologist, psychiatrist, infectiologist and neuroradiologist). In order to estimate its utility, we conducted two questionnaire-based interviews by phone calls with the patients and their referring physicians. Three quarters of both the patients and the physicians interviewed consider the platform useful or essential...
April 12, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675974/toward-generally-accepted-forensic-assessment-practices-among-clinical-neuropsychologists-a-survey-of-professional-practice-and-common-test-use
#14
Casey LaDuke, William Barr, Donald L Brodale, Laura A Rabin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated professional practice and common test use among clinical neuropsychologists engaging in forensic assessment. METHOD:  Doctorate-level psychologists active in the practice of neuropsychology and on the INS and NAN membership listings (n = 502) were surveyed about their demographics, professional practice, and common test use. Participants who reported engaging in forensic practice (n = 255) were further surveyed about their forensic practice...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657773/patterns-of-referral-in-high-school-concussion-management-programs-a-pilot-study-of-consultants-from-different-disciplines
#15
Jonathan D Lichtenstein, Kate S Linnea, Arthur C Maerlender
School-based concussion management programs cover thousands of young athletes, yet there is little in the way of research to assess program processes or outcomes. This study examined the referral patterns of consultants working with ten high school concussion management programs. In addition to the number of referrals made to specialists, other potential outcome variables were explored. The sample included over 5,000 athlete-seasons and 298 concussions managed directly by certified athletic trainers. All programs used computerized neuropsychological testing (both baseline and post injury)...
June 28, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640707/response-assessment-in-neuro-oncology-clinical-trials
#16
REVIEW
Patrick Y Wen, Susan M Chang, Martin J Van den Bent, Michael A Vogelbaum, David R Macdonald, Eudocia Q Lee
Development of novel therapies for CNS tumors requires reliable assessment of response and progression. This requirement has been particularly challenging in neuro-oncology for which contrast enhancement serves as an imperfect surrogate for tumor volume and is influenced by agents that affect vascular permeability, such as antiangiogenic therapies. In addition, most tumors have a nonenhancing component that can be difficult to accurately quantify. To improve the response assessment in neuro-oncology and to standardize the criteria that are used for different CNS tumors, the Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) working group was established...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632024/performance-validity-testing-in-a-clinical-sample-of-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease
#17
Katherine E Dorociak, Evan T Schulze, Lauren E Piper, Robert E Molokie, Julie K Janecek
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychologists utilize performance validity tests (PVTs) as objective means for drawing inferences about performance validity. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) is a well-validated, stand-alone PVT and the Reliable Digit Span (RDS) and Reliable Digit Span-Revised (RDS-R) from the Digit Span subtest of the WAIS-IV are commonly employed, embedded PVTs. While research has demonstrated the utility of these PVTs with various clinical samples, no research has investigated their use in adults with sickle cell disease (SCD), a condition associated with multiple neurological, physical, and psychiatric symptoms...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605723/a-combined-cognitive-and-gait-quantification-to-identify-normal-pressure-hydrocephalus-from-its-mimics-the-geneva-s-protocol
#18
Gilles Allali, Magali Laidet, Stéphane Armand, Shahan Momjian, Bruno Marques, Arnaud Saj, Frédéric Assal
OBJECTIVES: Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is very prevalent in aging, underdiagnosed, and represents a rare cause of reversible neurological condition. The clinical triad of iNPH - gait, cognitive and urinary symptoms - and its neuroradiological features (i.e. ventriculomegaly) are not specific and found a various neurodegenerative and/or vascular conditions. We present our iNPH standardized protocol at the Geneva University Hospitals involving a multispecialty team of behavioral neurologists, neurosurgeons, neuropsychologists, engineers, and physical therapists...
September 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605690/potential-implications-of-luria-s-work-for-the-neuropsychology-of-epilepsy-and-epilepsy-surgery-a-perspective-for-re-examination
#19
REVIEW
Panayiotis Patrikelis, Giuliana Lucci, Anna Siatouni, Anastasia Verentzioti, Athanasia Alexoudi, Stylianos Gatzonis
The pioneeristic work of Alexander Romanovic Luria into the field of human neuropsychology offered eminent contributions to clinical praxis by providing theory guided methods and instruments for the study of higher cortical functions. However, lots of this knowledge corpus either remains untranslated and thus inaccessible, or in some cases selectively overlooked by academic authorities and consequently not passed to the future generations of experts. Although Luria was not exclusively devoted to the study of epilepsy, his theories and clinical approaches actually penetrate the whole neuropathology spectrum...
June 9, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598726/outer-and-inner-tolerance-limits-their-usefulness-for-the-construction-of-norms-and-the-standardization-of-neuropsychological-tests
#20
Erminio Capitani, Marcella Laiacona
OBJECTIVES: After adjustment of scores for demographic variables, especially when test scales have an upper limit that causes a ceiling effect, the original score variability is deeply altered and the scale properties degenerate. We present a method for fixing normality thresholds on scores previously adjusted for demographic variables that overcomes these problems. METHODS: We suggest to fix norms using non-parametric tolerance limits. These limits, valid even for asymmetrical distributions and adjusted scores, can also be used as a basis for a non-parametric standardization of adjusted scores...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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