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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463167/conducting-neuropsychological-assessment-with-transgender-individuals
#1
Emily H Trittschuh, Brett A Parmenter, Eric R Clausell, M J Mariano, Mark A Reger
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of helpful clinical practices when working with transgender adult individuals. METHOD: While the number of openly transgender individuals appears to be growing with society's increased acceptance and awareness, many neuropsychologists have had few opportunities to gain experience with this patient population. In this article, we review the existing literature as it relates to clinical neuropsychological practice...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462665/cognitive-assessment-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-from-neuropsychological-batteries-to-ecological-tools
#2
Aurélie Ruet, Bruno Brochet
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment (CI) is frequent in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS) and could negatively affect family social and vocational activities. Detecting CI is clinically relevant, so the emerging question is the strategy for assessing cognition in MS. OBJECTIVE: An update on cognitive assessment in PwMS with use of standard neuropsychological (NP) tests and ecological tools. RESULTS: The minimal cognitive assessment in MS should include at least NP tests assessing information processing speed (IPS) and verbal and visuospatial episodic memory...
February 17, 2018: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420677/the-economics-of-healthcare-shape-the-practice-of-neuropsychology-in-the-era-of-integrated-healthcare
#3
Neil H Pliskin
The healthcare system in the United States is in the midst of a major transformation that has affected all healthcare specialties, including clinical psychology/neuropsychology. If this shift in the economics of healthcare reimbursement continues, it promises to impact clinical practice patterns for neuropsychologists far into the next decade.
February 6, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409043/education-and-training-for-clinical-neuropsychologists-in-integrated-care-settings
#4
Brad L Roper, Cady K Block, Katie Osborn, Rebecca E Ready
The increasing importance of integrated care necessitates that education and training experiences prepare clinical neuropsychologists for competent practice in integrated care settings, which includes (a) general competence related to an integrated/interdisciplinary approach and (b) competence specific to the setting. Formal neuropsychology training prepares neuropsychologists with a wide range of knowledge and skills in assessment, intervention, teaching/supervision, and research that are relevant to such settings...
February 2, 2018: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376672/functional-brain-imaging-in-neuropsychology-over-the-past-25-years
#5
David R Roalf, Ruben C Gur
OBJECTIVE: Outline effects of functional neuroimaging on neuropsychology over the past 25 years. METHOD: Functional neuroimaging methods and studies will be described that provide a historical context, offer examples of the utility of neuroimaging in specific domains, and discuss the limitations and future directions of neuroimaging in neuropsychology. RESULTS: Tracking the history of publications on functional neuroimaging related to neuropsychology indicates early involvement of neuropsychologists in the development of these methodologies...
November 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29376670/international-growth-of-neuropsychology
#6
Jennie Ponsford
OBJECTIVE: Twenty-five years ago, the field of neuropsychology was well established in North America, Europe, and Australia, with less presence elsewhere. This article discusses the development of neuropsychology over the last 25 years in other regions. METHOD: The growth of neuropsychology in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, Central and South America, and New Zealand is reviewed. Sources drawn on include a 2016 edition of The Clinical Neuropsychologist describing the practice of neuropsychology in 18 countries; papers on the profession of neuropsychology in Latin America (Arango-Lasprilla, Stevens, Paredes, Ardila, & Rivera, 2016), the history of neuropsychology in Asia (Lee, Wang, & Collinson, 2016), and neuropsychology in Central America (Judd, 2017); INSNET; and personal communications...
November 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345214/deciding-to-adopt-revised-and-new-psychological-and-neuropsychological-tests-an-inter-organizational-position-paper
#7
Shane S Bush, Jerry J Sweet, Kevin J Bianchini, Doug Johnson-Greene, Pamela M Dean, Mike R Schoenberg
OBJECTIVE: Neuropsychological tests undergo periodic revision intended to improve psychometric properties, normative data, relevance of stimuli, and ease of administration. In addition, new tests are developed to evaluate psychological and neuropsychological constructs, often purporting to improve evaluation effectiveness. However, there is limited professional guidance to neuropsychologists concerning the decision to adopt a revised version of a test and/or replace an older test with a new test purporting to measure the same or overlapping constructs...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321713/two-branches-of-the-same-tree-a-brief-history-of-turkish-neuropsychiatric-society-1914-2016
#8
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300847/an-interdisciplinary-approach-to-sports-concussion-evaluation-and-management-the-role-of-a-neuropsychologist
#9
Summer D Ott, Christopher M Bailey, Donna K Broshek
Sports neuropsychology is a rapidly emerging field that affords neuropsychologists, the opportunity to work with a diverse group of individuals in terms of age, gender, sports, ethnicity, and language and sports has a way of bringing diverse communities together. Although working with athletes can be associated with unique challenges, neuropsychological assessment with this population and being part of an interdisciplinary sports medicine team is both exciting and rewarding and can merge a passion for sports with professional interests...
December 29, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261088/cognitive-and-gait-decrements-among-non-demented-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-or-hypertension-a-systematic-review
#10
Madison A Niermeyer
OBJECTIVE: Older adults with Type 2 diabetes (DM2) and hypertension (HTN) often experience cognitive weaknesses. Growing evidence suggests that such weaknesses place patients at risk for gait disturbance and falls. The current systematic review evaluated (a) the impact of DM2 and HTN on cognition and gait and (b) the association between cognition and gait in the context of DM2 and HTN. METHODS: PubMed was searched to identify studies published in English before 15 April 2017 that evaluated both cognition and gait among non-demented older adults either as a function of DM2 or HTN status or as a function of continuous variables that indicate disease severity and/or management (e...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236528/role-of-clinical-neuropsychology-in-deep-brain-stimulation-review-of-the-literature-and-considerations-for-clinicians
#11
Joseph A Mole, Simon J Prangnell
Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is an effective surgical therapy for several neurological movement disorders. The clinical neuropsychologist has a well-established role in the neuropsychological evaluation and selection of surgical candidates. In this article, we argue that the clinical neuropsychologist's role is much broader, when considered in relation to applied psychologists' core competencies. We consider the role of the clinical neuropsychologist in DBS in relation to: assessment, formulation, evaluation and research, intervention or implementation, and communication...
December 13, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214891/core-competencies-in-clinical-neuropsychology-training-across-the-world
#12
Erik Hessen, Laura Hokkanen, Jennie Ponsford, Martine van Zandvoort, Ann Watts, Jonathan Evans, Kathleen Y Haaland
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to review main competency requirements from training models in countries with well-established specialties in clinical neuropsychology and to extract core competencies that likely will apply to clinical neuropsychologists regardless of regional and cultural context. METHOD: We reviewed standards for post-graduate training in clinical neuropsychology from countries in Europe, Australia, and North America based on existing literature, presentations at international conferences, and from description of the training models from national psychological or neuropsychological associations...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200117/common-histologically-benign-tumors-of-the-brain
#13
Roy E Strowd, Jaishri O Blakeley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: As a group, benign tumors account for the majority of primary neoplasms affecting the central nervous system (CNS). This article reviews the epidemiology, clinical presentation, neuroimaging features, and management of the most common of these tumors: meningiomas, schwannomas, and pituitary adenomas. RECENT FINDINGS: Awareness of the most common nonmalignant tumors of the CNS and their management guidelines is important as many of these tumors are managed conservatively, with neurologists playing a primary role in both surveillance and symptom management...
December 2017: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198277/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-historical-neuropsychological-perspective
#14
E Mark Mahone, Martha B Denckla
The behavior patterns of hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention that would ultimately become recognized as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have been described for centuries. Nevertheless, in the past 35 years, advances in diagnostic methods, identification of biomarkers, and treatments have advanced at an exponential rate. ADHD is now recognized as the most common behavioral disorder of childhood, with risks extending well into adulthood for both males and females, leading to its identification as a significant public health issue...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198274/fifty-years-of-prefrontal-cortex-research-impact-on-assessment
#15
Paul W Burgess, Donald T Stuss
Our knowledge of the functions of the prefrontal cortex, often called executive, supervisory, or control, has been transformed over the past 50 years. After operationally defining terms for clarification, we review the impact of advances in functional, structural, and theoretical levels of understanding upon neuropsychological assessment practice as a means of identifying 11 principles/challenges relating to assessment of executive function. Three of these were already known 50 years ago, and 8 have been confirmed or emerged since...
October 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182444/performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychology-a-clinical-guide-critical-review-and-update-on-a-rapidly-evolving-literature
#16
Sara M Lippa
OBJECTIVE: Over the past two decades, there has been much research on measures of response bias and myriad measures have been validated in a variety of clinical and research samples. This critical review aims to guide clinicians through the use of performance validity tests (PVTs) from test selection and administration through test interpretation and feedback. METHOD/RESULTS: Recommended cutoffs and relevant test operating characteristics are presented. Other important issues to consider during test selection, administration, interpretation, and feedback are discussed including order effects, coaching, impact on test data, and methods to combine measures and improve predictive power...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169082/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-propofol-as-a-replacement-for-amobarbital-in-intracarotid-wada-testing-of-presurgical-patients-with-epilepsy
#17
Kaci McCleary, Joseph Barrash, Mark Granner, Kenneth Manzel, Audrey Greider, Robert Jones
OBJECTIVE: The intracarotid sodium amytal procedure (the "Wada test") has for many years been the gold standard for language and memory lateralization and remains an important part of presurgical analysis for patients with medically intractable seizures. Due to shortages in the key sedative (amobarbital), neuropsychologists have turned to alternatives such as propofol. Our aim was to investigate the safety and efficacy of propofol relative to amobarbital in the Wada test. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of the 97 Wada procedures performed at University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics from 2007 through mid-2015...
November 20, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126130/physician-preferences-to-communicate-neuropsychological-results-comparison-of-qualitative-descriptors-and-a-proposal-to-reduce-communication-errors
#18
Mike R Schoenberg, Katie E Osborn, E Mark Mahone, Maia Feigon, Robert M Roth, Neil H Pliskin
Objective: Errors in communication are a leading cause of medical errors. A potential source of error in communicating neuropsychological results is confusion in the qualitative descriptors used to describe standardized neuropsychological data. This study sought to evaluate the extent to which medical consumers of neuropsychological assessments believed that results/findings were not clearly communicated. In addition, preference data for a variety of qualitative descriptors commonly used to communicate normative neuropsychological test scores were obtained...
November 8, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077801/introduction-to-the-special-issue-on-clinical-neuropsychology-of-movement-disorders
#19
Alexander I Tröster
The special issue on the clinical neuropsychology of movement disorders provides an overview for the non-subspecialist clinical neuropsychologist and other clinical neuroscientists of the neuropsychological features, assessment and treatment of Parkinson's disease and Lewy body dementias, atypical parkinsonian disorders (corticobasal syndrome, progressive supranuclear palsy, and multiple system atrophy), Huntington's disease, dystonia, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Additionally, articles provide overviews of neuropsychological and ethical issues related to deep brain stimulation and a discussion of non-pharamcologic and non-invasive treatment of cognitive dysfunction in Parkinson's disease...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028904/considerations-for-clinical-neuropsychological-evaluation-in-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#20
Susan C Woolley, Beth K Rush
The clinical neuropsychologist has the opportunity to be uniquely involved in the evaluation and treatment of individuals with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We review the current literature that defines cognitive and behavioral symptoms in ALS, including current knowledge of the neuropathological and genetic underpinning for these symptoms. There are unique considerations for clinical neuropsychological evaluation and clinical research in ALS and we highlight these in this review. Specifically, we shed light on special factors that contribute to our understanding of cognitive and behavioral impairment in ALS, including co-morbid symptoms, differential diagnosis, and considerations for longitudinal tracking of phenotypes...
November 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
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