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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152984/rationale-for-and-design-of-the-posta-study-evaluation-of-neurocognitive-outcomes-after-immediate-adenotonsillectomy-compared-to-watchful-waiting-in-preschool-children
#1
Karen A Waters, Jasneek Chawla, Margaret-Anne Harris, Carolyn Dakin, Helen Heussler, Robert Black, Alan Cheng, Hannah Burns, John D Kennedy, Kurt Lushington
BACKGROUND: IQ deficits are linked to even mild obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in children. Although OSA is commonly first diagnosed in the pre-school age group, a randomised trial is still needed to assess IQ outcomes after adenotonsillectomy in the pre-school age-group. This randomised control trial (RCT) will primarily determine whether adenotonsillectomy improves IQ compared to no adenotonsillectomy after 12 months, in preschool (3-5 year-old) children with mild to moderate OSA. METHODS: This protocol is for an ongoing multi-centred RCT with a recruitment target of 210 subjects (105 in each arm)...
February 2, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139144/embedded-performance-validity-testing-in-neuropsychological-assessment-potential-clinical-tools
#2
Tyler A Rickards, Christopher C Cranston, Pegah Touradji, Kathleen T Bechtold
The article aims to suggest clinically-useful tools in neuropsychological assessment for efficient use of embedded measures of performance validity. To accomplish this, we integrated available validity-related and statistical research from the literature, consensus statements, and survey-based data from practicing neuropsychologists. We provide recommendations for use of 1) Cutoffs for embedded performance validity tests including Reliable Digit Span, California Verbal Learning Test (Second Edition) Forced Choice Recognition, Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test Combination Score, Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Failure to Maintain Set, and the Finger Tapping Test; 2) Selecting number of performance validity measures to administer in an assessment; and 3) Hypothetical clinical decision-making models for use of performance validity testing in a neuropsychological assessment collectively considering behavior, patient reporting, and data indicating invalid or noncredible performance...
January 31, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115326/neuropsychology-and-rehabilitation-services-in-the-united-states-brief-report-from-a-survey-of-clinical-neuropsychologists
#3
Cady Block, Octavio A Santos, Yvonne Flores-Medina, Diego Fernando Rivera Camacho, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To provide a brief presentation of preliminary data on rehabilitation services provided by clinical neuropsychologists within the United States. METHOD: This survey utilized data extracted from a larger international research study conducted in 39 countries including N = 173 professionals who reported to engage in neuropsychological rehabilitative services within the past year (63.6% female, 44.36 ± 11.83 years of age) took part in the study. RESULTS: Neuropsychologists providing rehabilitation services in the United States in the past year were more likely to provide individual versus group therapy, likely to employ technology (e...
January 22, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088604/alba-screening-instrument-asi-a-brief-screening-tool-for-lewy-body-dementia
#4
M M Garcia Basalo, M C Fernandez, M Ojea Quintana, J I Rojas, M J Garcia Basalo, E Bogliotti, N Campora, M Fernandez, W Berrios, E Cristiano, A Golimstok
BACKGROUND: Early detection of neurodegenerative diseases is essential for treatment and proper care of these patients. Screening tools available today are effective for several types of dementia. However, there is no one specific for Lewy Body Dementia (LBD). OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to present a tool for early detection of LBD, accessible even for non-medical staff. METHODS: We stratified subjects (MMSE>20) into four groups: health controls (HC), Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), LBD and other dementias (Alzheimer and vascular)...
January 5, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080301/assessing-social-cognition-age-related-changes-in-moral-reasoning-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#5
V Chiasson, E Vera-Estay, G Lalonde, J J Dooley, M H Beauchamp
OBJECTIVE: There is increasing recognition that socio-cognitive skills, such as moral reasoning (MR), are affected in a wide range of developmental and neuropsychological conditions. However, the lack of appropriate measures available to neuropsychologists poses a challenge for the direct assessment of these skills. This study sought to explore age-related changes in MR using an innovative visual tool and examine the developmental sensitivity of the task. METHOD: To address some of the methodological limitations of traditional measures of MR, a novel, visual task, the Socio-Moral Reasoning Aptitude Level (So-Moral), was used to evaluate MR in 216 healthy participants aged 6-20 years...
January 12, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036066/dsm-nosology-changes-in-neuropsychological-diagnoses-through-the-years-a-look-at-adhd-and-mild-neurocognitive-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Anne R Carlew, Andrea L Zartman
This article discusses the evolution of modern neuropsychology as a field and the concomitant changes in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Themes in neuropsychology through the years will be highlighted alongside discussion of how neuropsychologists and neuropsychological research have influenced and have been influenced by the DSM. The DSM 5 attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and mild neurocognitive disorder will be used as examples to reflect the evolution of the disorders in relation to neuropsychology and the DSM...
December 29, 2016: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27937143/discriminating-cognitive-screening-and-cognitive-testing-from-neuropsychological-assessment-implications-for-professional-practice
#7
Cady K Block, Doug Johnson-Greene, Neil Pliskin, Corwin Boake
OBJECTIVE: To provide clarification on the distinction between cognitive screening, cognitive testing, and neuropsychological assessment and highlight practical implications. METHOD: Non-systematic brief clinical review. RESULTS: There is a present lack of explicit distinction between the various levels of measurement of cognitive functioning with regard to goals, indications for use, levels of complexity, and outcome. There is also a lack of guidance regarding the identification of who should be responsible for the administration and interpretation at each level...
December 12, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911004/a-comparison-of-the-neuropsychological-profiles-of-people-living-in-squalor-without-hoarding-to-those-living-in-squalor-associated-with-hoarding
#8
Sook Meng Lee, Matthew Lewis, Deborah Leighton, Ben Harris, Brian Long, Stephen Macfarlane
OBJECTIVE: Squalor affects 1 in 1000 older people and is regarded as a secondary condition to other primary disorders such as dementia, intellectual impairment and alcohol abuse. Squalor frequently is associated with hoarding behaviour. We compared the neuropsychological profile of people living in squalor associated with hoarding to those presenting with squalor only. METHODS: This study is a retrospective case series of hospital inpatient and community healthcare services of 69 people living in squalor (49 from aged care, 16 from aged psychiatry, 3 from acute medical and 1 from a memory clinic)...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789443/brain-network-theory-can-predict-whether-neuropsychological-outcomes-will-differ-from-clinical-expectations
#9
David E Warren, Natalie L Denburg, Jonathan D Power, Joel Bruss, Eric J Waldron, Haoxin Sun, Steve E Petersen, Daniel Tranel
OBJECTIVE: Theories of brain-network organization based on neuroimaging data have burgeoned in recent years, but the predictive power of such theories for cognition and behavior has only rarely been examined. Here, predictions from clinical neuropsychologists about the cognitive profiles of patients with focal brain lesions were used to evaluate a brain-network theory (Warren et al., 2014). METHOD: Neuropsychologists made predictions regarding the neuropsychological profiles of a neurological patient sample (N = 30) based on lesion location...
February 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774584/montefiore-einstein-center-for-the-aging-brain-preliminary-data
#10
Joe Verghese, Rubina Malik, Jessica Zwerling
Given the multifaceted nature of dementia care management, an interdisciplinary comprehensive clinical approach is necessary. We describe our one-year experience with outpatient based dementia care at the Montefiore-Einstein Center for the Aging Brain (CAB) involving an multispecialty team of geriatricians, neurologists, and neuropsychologists, supported by geriatric psychiatrists, physiatrists, and social services. The goals of the CAB is to maximize dementia outcomes, including regular monitoring of patient's health and cognition, education and support to patients, their families and caregivers; initiation of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments as appropriate, and the facilitation of access to clinical trials...
November 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767896/international-perspectives-on-education-training-and-practice-in-clinical-neuropsychology-comparison-across-14-countries-around-the-world
#11
Christopher L Grote, Julia I Novitski
OBJECTIVE: To review and summarize data provided by special issue authors regarding the education, training, and practice of neuropsychologists from 14 surveyed countries. METHOD: A table was constructed to present an overview of variables of interest. RESULTS: There is considerable diversity among surveyed countries regarding the education and training required to enter practice as a clinical neuropsychologist. Clinical neuropsychologists are typically well compensated, at least in comparison to what constitutes an average salary in each country...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748144/comparison-of-self-reported-and-informant-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-an-outpatient-neuropsychology-clinic-sample
#12
Matthew Calamia, John P K Bernstein
INTRODUCTION: Depressive symptoms are common in patients assessed by neuropsychologists, and these symptoms can have an effect on cognitive functioning. Discrepancies between patient- and informant-reported depressive symptoms have been found in some diagnostic groups, raising concerns as to the value of assessing depressive symptoms via self-report alone. This study aimed to examine the relationship between these discrepancies and cognitive functioning in a heterogeneous outpatient neuropsychological sample...
October 16, 2016: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724157/neuropsychological-functioning-in-preschool-aged-children-undergoing-evaluation-for-organ-transplant
#13
Tanya N Antonini, Stacey S Beer, Tamir Miloh, William J Dreyer, Susan E Caudle
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to review the current literature on neuropsychological functioning in two groups of children requiring organ transplants (liver or heart) and present recent clinical data collected through the liver and cardiac transplantation programs at a large pediatric academic medical center. METHOD: Data included in this study came from 18 patients who completed evaluations for heart transplant (n = 8) or liver transplant (n = 10) between the ages of 2 and 6 years (inclusive)...
February 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723495/semiological-classification-of-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#14
Ali A Asadi-Pooya, Jennifer Tinker, Elizabeth Fletman
PURPOSE: We classified patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNESs) according to a newly proposed classification system. Then, we investigated the demographic and clinical differences between various classes of the patients. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated all patients with PNESs admitted to the Jefferson Comprehensive Epilepsy Center from 2012 through 2016. We classified the patients into four distinct classes: patients with generalized motor seizures, patients with akinetic seizures, patients with focal motor seizures, and patients with seizures with subjective symptoms...
October 7, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685437/neuropsychology-in-india
#15
J Keshav Kumar, Akila Sadasivan
OBJECTIVE: This is an invited paper for a special issue with the objective to provide information on neuropsychology in India. METHOD: Information was gathered from a literature search and personal communication with professionals working in the field of neuropsychology. RESULTS: Neuropsychology as a specialization started in India approximately 40 years ago. The early years witnessed the use of Western tools for assessing patients with organic brain damage...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685253/neuropsychology-in-japan-history-current-challenges-and-future-prospects
#16
Maiko Sakamoto
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this special issue was to describe the cross-cultural differences in neuropsychology throughout the world. The current state of neuropsychology in Japan is discussed in this manuscript. METHOD: Information on six topics, including (1) the history of Japanese neuropsychology, (2) licensure system, (3) job opportunities, (4) neuropsychological clinical services, (5) neuropsychological tests, and (6) neuropsychological research, was gathered via literature searches, official organization websites, and personal communication with clinical psychologists and other professionals in Japan...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684948/past-present-and-future-of-neuropsychology-in-argentina
#17
Alberto Luis Fernandez, Aldo Ferreres, Alejandra Morlett-Paredes, Diego Rivera, Juan Carlos Arango-Lasprilla
OBJECTIVE: To describe the history, current situation, and future challenges of Argentinian neuropsychology. METHOD: A brief historical description highlighting the most representative authors and publications is made. In addition, a survey was administered to a sample of 135 neuropsychologists practicing neuropsychology in Argentina. The survey explored the current neuropsychological practices among the respondents. RESULTS: Results show that most Argentinian neuropsychologists are: psychologists, women, and work in the clinical field in the country's major cities...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684724/neuropsychology-in-finland-over-30%C3%A2-years-of-systematically-trained-clinical-practice
#18
Laura Hokkanen, Taina Nybo, Erja Poutiainen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this invited paper for a special issue of international practice in The Clinical Neuropsychologist is to provide information on training models, clinical practice, and professional issues within neuropsychology in Finland. METHOD: Relevant information was gathered via literature searches, a survey by the Neuropsychology Working Group of the Finnish Psychological Association, archives of the Finnish Neuropsychological Society, and personal communication with professionals in Finland...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684572/development-and-application-of-neuropsychology-in-hong-kong-implications-of-its-value-and-future-advancement
#19
Agnes S Chan, Sophia L Sze, Mei-Chun Cheung, Yvonne M Y Han
OBJECTIVE: To review the development, application, and value of neuropsychology, and the standard education and training pathway for neuropsychologists or clinical neuropsychologists in Hong Kong. METHOD: The information provided here was gathered via a literature review of the status of neuropsychology and the validity of commonly adopted neuropsychological tests in Hong Kong. Additional details were acquired via the internet about local tertiary education curricula and the related requirements, the availability of professional associations for licensure or board certification, and relevant statistics/surveys conducted by the government...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27684501/the-practice-of-clinical-neuropsychology-in-australia
#20
Jennie Ponsford
OBJECTIVE: This paper describes the development and practice of clinical neuropsychology in Australia. METHOD: Clinical Neuropsychology has shown rapid growth in Australia over the past three decades. Comprehensive and specialized training programs are producing high quality graduates who are employed in a broad range of settings or private practice. RESULTS: Australia now has a substantial number of clinical neuropsychologists with specialist training...
November 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
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