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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631452/the-impact-of-the-anaesthetic-conserving-device-on-occupational-exposure-to-isoflurane-among-intensive-care-healthcare-professionals
#1
Jennifer Herzog-Niescery, Heike Vogelsang, Philipp Gude, Hans-Martin Seipp, Horst Bartz, Waldemar Uhl, Thomas P Weber, Martin Bellgardt
BACKGROUND: Use of Anesthetic Conserving Devices (ACD) for inhalational isoflurane sedation in intensive care units (ICU) has grown in recent years, and healthcare professionals are concerned about isoflurane pollution and exposure-related health risks. Real-time measurements to determine isoflurane exposure in ICU personnel during short-term patient care procedures and ACD handling have not yet been performed. METHODS: Isoflurane concentrations in the breathing zones of ICU staff (25 cm around the nose and mouth) were measured, by photoacoustic gas monitoring, during daily practice including tracheal suctioning, oral hygiene, body care, and patient positioning...
June 14, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629318/the-effect-of-a-daily-application-of-a-0-05-chlorhexidine-oral-rinse-solution-on-the-incidence-of-aspiration-pneumonia-in-nursing-home-residents-a-multicenter-study
#2
Vanessa R Y Hollaar, Gert-Jan van der Putten, Claar D van der Maarel-Wierink, Ewald M Bronkhorst, Bert J M de Swart, Nico H J Creugers
BACKGROUND: Dysphagia and potential respiratory pathogens in the oral biofilm are risk factors for aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents. The aim of the study was to examine if the daily application of 0.05% chlorhexidine oral rinse solution is effective in reducing the incidence of aspiration pneumonia in nursing home residents with dysphagia. Associations between background variables (age, gender, dysphagia severity, care dependency, medication use, number of medical diagnoses, teeth and dental implants, and wearing removable dentures) and the incidence of aspiration pneumonia were also examined...
June 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628802/metabolic-control-and-periodontal-treatment-decreases-elevated-oxidative-stress-in-the-early-phases-of-type-1-diabetes-onset
#3
Cüneyt A Aral, Özlem Nalbantoğlu, Bilge G Nur, Mustafa Altunsoy, Kübra Aral
OBJECTIVE: Recently, increasing concern has been focused on the contribution of oxidative stress in the pathology of periodontal disease and diabetes mellitus. Firstly, the present study aimed to analyze gingival crevicular fluid (GCF), salivary, and serum oxidative status in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) at diagnosis and systemically healthy children with and without gingivitis. Additionally, the diabetic patients were reevaluated after diabetes and periodontal treatment...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625857/validation-of-the-visible-occlusal-plaque-index-vopi-in-estimating-caries-lesion-activity
#4
J C Carvalho, H D Mestrinho, L S Oliveira, M M Varjão, N Aimée, V Qvist
OBJECTIVE: The present study appraises the construct validity of the Visible Occlusal Plaque Index (VOPI) along with its sub-types, convergent and discriminant validity. METHODS: 618 10-15year old Brazilian adolescents were included. The VOPI has a four-point ordinal scale ranging from no plaque to heavy plaque. VOPI scores and caries status on permanent molars were mapped and recorded at individual anatomical sites of the groove-fossa-system and at surface level...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624838/dental-management-of-pediatric-patients-affected-by-pulmonary-atresia-with-ventricular-septal-defect-a-scoping-review
#5
A Garrocho-Rangel, A-C Echavarría-García, M-A Rosales-Bérber, J Flores-Velázquez, A Pozos-Guillén
BACKGROUND: Congenital Heart Diseases (CHD) involves a wide range of pathological conditions, such as Pulmonary Atresia with Ventricle Septal Defect (PA/VSD). This disorder leads to the systemic circulation of oxygen-poor blood (cyanosis), with associated features and consequences in the oral cavity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using scoping review methodology for screening and article selection, the primary objectives of this paper were as follows: first, to pose a research question; second, to identify relevant studies in order to answer the research question; third, to select and retrieve the studies; fourth, to chart the critical data, and finally, to collate, summarize, and report the results from the most important articles on the dental management of children affected with PA/VSD...
June 18, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623465/tooth-brushing-motion-patterns-with-manual-and-powered-toothbrushes-a-randomised-video-observation-study
#6
C Ganss, R Duran, T Winterfeld, N Schlueter
INTRODUCTION: Systematic reviews have shown that powered toothbrushes (PTs) are more effective than manual toothbrushes (MTs), but with only minor effect sizes. Whether PTs are used adequately, however, has not been investigated so far. The aim of the present study was therefore to analyse motion habits with PT in comparison to MT toothbrushes by video observation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred subjects were enrolled in this observational trial and brushed their teeth in randomised order with a MT and PT while being video-filmed, resulting in 95 analysable sets of recordings...
June 16, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622549/immunological-and-epidemiological-factors-affecting-candidiasis-in-hiv-patients-beginning-antiretroviral-therapy-in-an-asian-clinic
#7
Endah A T Wulandari, Henny Saraswati, Robiatul Adawiyah, Samsuridjal Djauzi, Retno Wahyuningsih, Patricia Price
OBJECTIVES: Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) is common in HIV patients beginning antiretroviral therapy (ART). Here we address the response to ART, and the roles of poor oral hygiene and defects in local innate immunity with a focus on salivary β-defensins, as they are implicated in control of candidiasis but have not been investigated in this context. DESIGN: ART naïve HIV-infected adults (n=82) with <200 CD4(+) T-cells/mm(3) attending clinics at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, were examined at the commencement of ART, and 73 were re-examined after 3 months...
June 3, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621269/tooth-wear-patterns-among-khat-and-shammah-users-in-jazan-city-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Mohammed E Sayed, Ammar D Hamdi, Bassam M Hakami, Maryam H Mugri, Shilpa H Bhandi
AIM: The effect of Khat and Shammah habits, with the para-functional jaw activities that accompany them, on the structure and integrity of the natural dentition has not yet been investigated. The literature lacks studies that identify the patterns of tooth wear among Khat and Shammah users. Therefore, this study is the first attempt to address this concern in Jazan City population, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted among 300 recruits among dental clinics in Jazan City, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from October 1, 2015, to April 30, 2016...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621268/assessment-of-oral-hygiene-knowledge-practices-and-concepts-of-tobacco-usage-among-engineering-students-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-india
#9
Alokenath Bandyopadhyay, Lipsa Bhuyan, Abikshyeet Panda, Kailash C Dash, Malvika Raghuvanshi, Shyam S Behura
AIM: This study aimed to assess oral hygiene-related knowledge and practices among engineering students of Bhubaneswar city and also to evaluate the concepts about the side effects of tobacco usage among those students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted using a self-administered, close-ended questionnaire to assess the oral hygiene knowledge and practices and study the concepts on tobacco usage among 362 engineering students of Bhubaneswar city, Odisha, India...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620634/dental-caries-and-associated-factors-in-children-aged-2-4-years-old-in-mbeya-city-tanzania
#10
Hery Mwakayoka, Joyce Rose Masalu, Emil Namakuka Kikwilu
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Dental caries in infants and young children is prevalent worldwide; its magnitude and associated factors vary between communities because of cultural and social economic differences. No such information was available for pre-school children in Mbeya city. PURPOSE: To determine dental caries status and associated factors in 2 to 4-year-old children in Mbeya city. MATERIALS AND METHOD: A cross sectional study was conducted among 525 children aged 2-4 years and their parents/caregivers...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617399/-specific-age-related-and-gender-related-features-in-oral-status
#11
V Yu Doroshina, E G Margaryan, M G Arakelyan
The aim of the study was to assess age and gender related features of oral status and oral hygiene. The study included 234 patients (76 males and 158 females) aged 25 to 74 years. It is proved that females have more dental appointments than males mostly because of specific oral conditions associated with pregnancy and menopause as well as better compliance with prevention programs. Thus, females require more intense follow-up than males which should be taken into consideration in treatment and follow-up plans...
2017: Stomatologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615027/influence-of-interradicular-and-palatal-placement-of-orthodontic-mini-implants-on-the-success-survival-rate
#12
Jan Hourfar, Dirk Bister, Georgios Kanavakis, Jörg Alexander Lisson, Björn Ludwig
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to investigate the success rates of orthodontic mini-implants (OMIs) placed in different insertion sites and to analyse patient and site- related factors that influence mini-implant survival. METHODS: Three hundred eighty-seven OMIs were inserted in 239 patients for orthodontic anchorage and were loaded with a force greater than 2 N. Two different insertion sites were compared: 1. buccal inter-radicular and 2...
June 14, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613965/effect-of-saliva-collection-methods-and-oral-hygiene-on-salivary-biomarkers
#13
Allisson Benatti Justino, Renata Roland Teixeira, Leonardo Gomes Peixoto, Olga Lucia Bocanegra Jaramillo, Foued Salmen Espindola
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of unstimulated and stimulated saliva collection methods, as well as tooth brushing, on the secretion rate of salivary total protein, nitrite, total antioxidant capacity and alpha-amylase. Saliva of 14 healthy individuals were collected with stimulation using Salivette(®), Parafilm(®) and chewing gum and without stimulation from spit with and without fluid accumulation, before and after oral hygiene. Total protein, nitrite, total antioxidant capacity and alpha-amylase concentration (sAA) were evaluated...
June 14, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613022/parental-attitudes-towards-oral-health-and-caries-risk-in-their-children
#14
J H Vermaire, Nja van Exel
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether parents can be matched with attitudes towards oral health by means of a short vignette sheet, developed based on the results of an earlier Q-methodological study. Furthermore, this study aims to explore how the attitudes associate with diet and oral hygiene habits and with clinical outcomes in children. METHODS: A total of 170 parents of 6- to 9-year-old children completed a questionnaire including the vignette sheet and clinical scores (oral hygiene, caries) were retrieved from the follow-up measurement of a RCT on caries-preventive measures...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612363/the-effect-of-dental-health-education-on-pregnant-women-s-adherence-with-toothbrushing-and-flossing-a-randomized-control-trial
#15
Suad Al Khamis, Koula Asimakopoulou, Tim Newton, Blanaid Daly
OBJECTIVES: In a three-arm randomized control trial, this study compared the efficacy of dental health education (DHE) with or without a planning intervention on adherence to oral health-related behaviours. METHODS: Women (N=154) in their second trimester of pregnancy attending three maternal healthcare clinics in Kuwait completed an assessment of social cognitions and oral health behaviours before a debris and gingival assessment (Plaque Index [PI], Gingival Index [GI]) was undertaken; this was repeated at 1 month...
June 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612148/first-detection-and-genotyping-of-giardia-intestinalis-in-stool-samples-collected-from-children-in-ghazni-province-eastern-afghanistan-and-evaluation-of-the-pcr-assay-in-formalin-fixed-specimens
#16
Anna Lass, Panagiotis Karanis, Krzysztof Korzeniewski
It is estimated that faecal-orally transmitted diseases are common in Afghanistan, as a consequence of poor hygienic standards of life and widespread contamination of water and food with both human and animal faeces. However, there is little information in the literature concerning infections caused by intestinal parasites in the Afghan population. In this study, we report the occurrence of Giardia intestinalis assemblages (A and B) in formalin-fixed stool samples collected from 245 Afghan schoolchildren living in Ghazni Province in eastern Afghanistan...
June 13, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604257/genetic-factors-related-with-early-onset-of-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw-in-patients-with-multiple-myeloma-under-zoledronic-acid-therapy
#17
Efstathios Kastritis, Pelagia Melea, Tina Bagratuni, Ioannis Melakopoulos, Maria Gavriatopoulou, Maria Roussou, Magdalini Migkou, Evangelos Eleutherakis-Papaiakovou, Evangelos Terpos, Meletios A Dimopoulos
Specific genetic polymorphisms (SNPs) have been correlated with the development of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) in small series. We screened 140 myeloma patients (36 patients with and 104 without BRONJ) for the presence of previously identified SNPs in PPARG and CYP2C8 genes. All the patients received exclusively zolendronic acid (ZA) therapy and were followed prospectively for BRONJ. SNPs in both genes were associated with a higher risk of development of early BRONJ, occurring within less than 2 years of ZA therapy (59% vs...
June 11, 2017: Leukemia & Lymphoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602154/tissue-necrosis-under-a-nance-palatal-arch-a-case-report
#18
Zak C Sullivan, Jayne E Harrison
A Nance palatal arch is a method of reinforcing anchorage to help prevent mesial movement of maxillary first permanent molars. It is recognised that it is difficult to maintain oral hygiene around the appliance and that iatrogenic damage can occur. We present a case of a 22-year-old male patient in whom the palatal mucosa became necrotic, palatal bone became exposed and long-term periodontal damage occurred. We describe the case, his treatment and the resolution of the inflammation as well as exploring the causes for the damage and alternate treatment options...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601370/impact-of-periodontal-treatment-on-hospitalization-for-adverse-respiratory-events-in-asthmatic-adults-a-propensity-matched-cohort-study
#19
Te-Chun Shen, Pei-Ying Chang, Cheng-Li Lin, Chang-Ching Wei, Chih-Yen Tu, Te-Chun Hsia, Chuen-Ming Shih, Wu-Huei Hsu, Fung-Chang Sung, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Periodontal disease is prevalent in asthmatics, but it is unclear whether periodontal treatment plays a role in adverse respiratory events in these patients. We evaluated risk of hospitalization for adverse respiratory events (acute exacerbation, pneumonia, and acute respiratory failure) and mortality in asthmatic adults with and without periodontal treatment. METHODS: We used National Health Insurance (NHI) claims data of Taiwan to identify 4771 asthmatic adults with periodontal disease who underwent periodontal treatment during 2000-2006...
June 7, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600840/the-influence-of-oral-health-on-patients-food-perception-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Cindy Batisse, Guillaume Bonnet, Caroline Eschevins, Martine Hennequin, Emanuel Nicolas
Oral food perception depends on somato-sensory information that includes taste and can be modified by oral components and/or functions such as mastication. The purpose of this study is to describe the interplay between oral health, mastication and taste. A review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist was conducted on 615 publications found by both pubmed and backward research. Thirty-one studies have been included. The results showed that the decline in taste ability observed during the healthy aging process could be potentiated by the deterioration of oral health and poor oral hygiene...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
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