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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145468/the-effects-of-non-surgical-periodontal-treatment-on-glycemic-control-oxidative-stress-balance-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Hirofumi Mizuno, Daisuke Ekuni, Takayuki Maruyama, Kota Kataoka, Toshiki Yoneda, Daiki Fukuhara, Yoshio Sugiura, Takaaki Tomofuji, Jun Wada, Manabu Morita
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of non-surgical periodontal treatment on hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) levels, oxidative stress balance and quality of life (QOL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) compared to no periodontal treatment (simple oral hygiene instructions only). METHODS: The design was a 6-month, single-masked, single center, randomized clinical trial. Patients had both T2DM and chronic periodontitis. Forty participants were enrolled between April 2014 and March 2016 at the Nephrology, Diabetology and Endocrinology Department of Okayama University Hospital...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143189/oral-hygiene-and-oral-health-in-older-people-with-dementia-a-comprehensive-review-with-focus-on-oral-soft-tissues
#2
REVIEW
Suzanne Delwel, Tarik T Binnekade, Roberto S G M Perez, Cees M P M Hertogh, Erik J A Scherder, Frank Lobbezoo
BACKGROUND: The number of older people with dementia and a natural dentition is growing. Recently, a systematic review concerning the oral health of older people with dementia with the focus on diseases of oral hard tissues was published. OBJECTIVE: To provide a comprehensive literature overview following a systematic approach of the level of oral hygiene and oral health status in older people with dementia with focus on oral soft tissues. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library...
November 15, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142392/quantitative-analysis-of-benzyl-isothiocyanate-in-salvadora-persica-extract-and-dental-care-herbal-formulations-using-reversed-phase-c18-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-method
#3
Maged Saad Abdel-Kader, Y T Kamal, Prawez Alam, Mohammed Hamed Alqarni, Ahmed Ibrahim Foudah
Context: Benzyl isothiocyanate is the active antimicrobial agent in Salvadora persica (siwak) widely used in Islamic countries for oral hygiene. Aims: Quantification of benzyl isothiocyanate in the ethanol extract of S. persica and some dental care herbal formulations labeled to contain siwak. Settings and Design: Simple and sensitive high-performance liquid chromatography method was designed. Subjects and Methods: Separation was achieved on reverse phase C18 (250 mm × 4...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139567/effectiveness-of-an-oral-health-educational-intervention-for-individuals-with-special-health-care-needs-from-a-southern-brazilian-city
#4
Andreia Drawanz Hartwig, Vanessa Müller Stüermer, Ivam Freire da Silva-Júnior, Lisandrea Rocha Schardosim, Marina Sousa Azevedo
AIM: To assess the effects of an oral health education strategy targeted at students with disabilities. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study included students aged 7 to 24 years. The intervention was conducted for 5 weeks and divided into 2 phases: (1) comprising supervised toothbrushing and educational activities to students; (2) verbal oral health instructions and oral hygiene demonstration targeted at the caregivers. A clinical examination was conducted to evaluate the dental debris and gingival bleeding before the intervention, and the Wilcoxon test was performed after phase 1 and 2 for comparisons between paired samples...
November 15, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137160/the-influence-of-toothpaste-containing-australian-melaleuca-alternifolia-oil-and-ethanolic-extract-of-polish-propolis-on-oral-hygiene-and-microbiome-in-patients-requiring-conservative-procedures
#5
Tomasz Piekarz, Anna Mertas, Karolina Wiatrak, Rafał Rój, Patryk Kownacki, Joanna Śmieszek-Wilczewska, Ewelina Kopczyńska, Maciej Wrzoł, Maria Cisowska, Ewelina Szliszka, Zenon P Czuba, Iwona Niedzielska, Tadeusz Morawiec
The study was based on the use of a toothpaste with antiphlogistic activity, containing Australian Melaleuca alternifolia oil (tea tree oil-TTO) and ethanolic extract of Polish propolis (EEP). Fifty-one patients with varying conditions of the gingiva were divided into two groups. The study group received the toothpaste with TTO and EEP, while the control group received the same toothpaste but without TTO and EEP. Approximal plaque index (API), simplified oral hygiene index (OHI-s) and modified sulcus bleeding index (mSBI) were assessed in three subsequent stages...
November 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136625/caries-preventive-effect-of-salt-fluoridation-in-preschool-children-in-the-gambia-a-prospective-controlled-interventional-study
#6
Rainer A Jordan, Andreas Schulte, Alexander C Bockelbrink, Sarah Puetz, Ella Naumova, Lars G Wärn, Stefan Zimmer
The aim of this study was to investigate the anticaries effect of fluoridated salt in a communal feeding program for preschool children. In the Gambian city of Brikama, drinking water had a low fluoride content (0.1 mg F-/L) and young children did not use toothpaste for oral hygiene. Its 2 preschools served as clusters for the trial. Random allocation of the kindergartens was performed by one person not involved in the study, and the clinical examinations were carried out using the envelope method. Meals were prepared with fluoridated salt (250 mg F-/kg salt) in the intervention group but not in the control group...
November 15, 2017: Caries Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136162/differences-in-taste-perception-and-spicy-preference-a-thai-japanese-cross-cultural-study
#7
Dunyaporn Trachootham, Shizuko Sato-Kuriwada, Aroonwan Lam-Ubol, Chadamas Promkam, Nattida Chotechuang, Takashi Sasano, Noriaki Shoji
Taste perception is influenced by several factors. However, the relation between taste perception and food culture is unclear. This study compared taste thresholds between populations with different food culture, i.e. Thai and Japanese. A matched case-control study was conducted in 168 adults (84 for each; aged between 50-90 years). The age, sex, systemic disease, medication, smoking, xerostomia and oral hygiene of both groups were not different. Recognition thresholds of sweet, salty, sour, bitter and umami were measured using filter paper disc (FPD)...
November 9, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136049/-a-phd-completed-oral-health-care-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-of-frail-and-care-dependent-older-people
#8
D Niesten
When older people become frail, they often give up making dental visits, while their oral health care and oral health deteriorate. Open interviews and questionnaires were used to explore why frail older people change their oral health care behaviour and which (frailty-related) factors contribute to this change. These are mainly motivation-related factors. There seems to be a turning point where frail older people discontinue their oral health care routines and stop caring whether or not they loose teeth, because the perceived efforts no longer outweigh the perceived benefits of making dental visits and upkeep of oral hygiene...
November 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135794/fostering-oral-hygiene-habits-and-self-regulation-skills-an-intervention-with-preschool-children
#9
Martha Leticia Gaeta, Judith Cavazos, Maria Del Rosario Cabrera, Pedro Rosário
The purpose of this study was to evaluate a program to promote self-regulation for self-care skills in preschool-aged children focused on oral habits and good oral health. Participants were 210 Mexican children aged 4 to 5 years who attended the Children's Assistance Community Centers (CAIC in Spanish). Findings showed that children who participated in the program, compared with those who did not, decreased significantly the teeth-bacteria plaque. The former also improved their self-regulation skills and dental hygiene habits...
January 2018: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127996/highlights-in-immune-response-microbiome-and-precision-medicine-in-allergic-disease-and-asthma
#10
EDITORIAL
Milena Sokolowska, Cezmi A Akdis
Several recent key findings in immunology of allergic diseases that have led to a need of reassessment of our current thinking are reviewed in this issue of the journal. Recently developed strong evidence on the role of hygiene hypothesis in protection from allergic disease and its immune mechanisms is reviewed by Ober et al. The authors pointed out immunologic mechanisms of lower prevalence of asthma and allergic sensitization observed among Amish children living on traditional farms with higher endotoxin levels as compared to Hutterite children living on industrialized farms...
October 2017: Current Opinion in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126542/professional-tooth-cleaning-and-scaling-and-root-planing-with-oral-hygiene-instructions-may-reduce-volatile-sulfur-compounds-in-patients-with-periodontal-disease
#11
Tahira Devji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 3, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124917/oral-hygiene-and-mouth-care-for-older-people-in-acute-hospitals-part-1
#12
Ben J Steel
The oral health of older people in acute hospitals has rarely been studied. Hospital admission provides a prime opportunity for identification and rectification of problems, and oral health promotion. This two-part article explores oral hygiene and mouth care provision for older adults in acute hospitals. The first article presents the findings of a literature review exploring oral and dental disease in older adults, the importance of good oral health and mouth care, and the current situation. Searches of electronic databases and the websites of relevant professional health service bodies in the UK were undertaken to identify articles and guidelines...
October 31, 2017: Nursing Older People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123278/a-revelation-in-on-the-go-oral-hygiene
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122414/the-effect-of-hydration-on-voice-quality-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Maxine Alves, Esedra Krüger, Bhavani Pillay, Kristiane van Lierde, Jeannie van der Linde
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to critically appraise scientific, peer-reviewed articles, published in the past 10 years on the effects of hydration on voice quality in adults. STUDY DESIGN: This is a systematic review. METHODS: Five databases were searched using the key words "vocal fold hydration", "voice quality", "vocal fold dehydration", and "hygienic voice therapy". The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120955/improving-oral-hygiene-for-veterans-with-dementia-in-residential-long-term-care
#15
Eleanor S McConnell, Kyung Hee Lee, Lorraine Galkowski, Christine Downey, Mary Victoria Spainhour, Reginaldo Horwitz
Oral hygiene care is neglected in long-term care (LTC) due to patient-, staff-, and systems-level barriers. A dementia-specific oral hygiene program, implemented and evaluated in a Department of Veterans Affairs LTC unit, addressed barriers to oral care at multiple levels. Improved staff competency, access to oral care supplies, and standardized documentation systems were accompanied by reduced oral plaque and gingivitis, demonstrating the feasibility and benefits of direct care staff providing improved oral hygiene in LTC...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120096/the-association-between-oral-health-status-and-respiratory-pathogen-colonization-with-pneumonia-risk-in-institutionalized-adults
#16
Chl Hong, M M Aung, K Kanagasabai, C A Lim, S Liang, K S Tan
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the oral health and the prevalence of pre-existing oral colonization with respiratory pathogens in dependent elderly, and whether these factors influence pneumonia development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Participants residing in a long-term care facility received bedside oral examinations, and information on their oral health (caries status, calculus index and debris index) was obtained. Samples from the tongue and teeth were collected at baseline and at time of pneumonia development...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118574/how-is-adult-patient-adherence-recorded-in-orthodontists-clinical-notes-a-mixed-method-case-note-study
#17
Nawaf Al Shammary, Koula Asimakopoulou, Fraser McDonald, Jonathon T Newton, Sasha Scambler
Background: Patient adherence in orthodontic treatment is extremely important as it is linked with better treatment outcomes. Despite its importance, however, there is no shared definition of the concept. This makes the recording of adherence-related behaviors in patient notes difficult. The current study explored how, and to what extent adherence is recorded in adult patients' medical records by orthodontists working in a large National Health Service (NHS) London hospital. Materials and methods: A mixed-methods approach was used...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118280/association-between-social-anxiety-with-oral-hygiene-status-and-tongue-coating-among-patients-with-subjective-halitosis
#18
Jenisha Patel, Suhas Kulkarni, Dolar Doshi, Padma Reddy, Srikanth Reddy, Adepu Srilatha
Purpose: Halitosis is a universal affliction suffered by many individuals irrespective of age, sex and social status. Concern about oral malodor can significantly impede an individual's personal, professional and public life which can lead to the development of social anxiety. The present study was undertaken to assess the association between social anxiety with oral hygiene status and tongue coating among patients with subjective halitosis.Methods: A total of 321(n=321) subjects were self-recruited to participate in this IRB approved study...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118279/measuring-the-impact-of-cultural-competence-training-for-dental-hygiene-students
#19
Heather N Daugherty, Rachel C Kearney
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to measure the change in levels of knowledge of providing culturally competent care and self-assessed cultural competence of senior level dental hygiene students after the implementation of an online cultural competence training module.Methods: Twenty-eight members of the senior class of 31 dental hygiene students (N=28) volunteered to participate in this IRB approved study at the Ohio State University School of Dentistry. The students took the online Inventory for Assessing the Process of Cultural Competence- Student Version (IAPCC-SV), to assess their self-perceived cultural competence...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118277/impact-of-state-workforce-policies-on-underserved-patients-access-to-dental-care-a-longitudinal-study
#20
Hannah L Maxey, Connor W Norwood, Johannah B O'Connell, Ziyue Liu
Purpose: Dental diseases are almost entirely preventable, but discrepancies in access to oral healthcare limit the effectiveness of preventive interventions. Dental hygienists are strategically positioned to improve access to preventive dental procedures; however, state workforce policies determine their permitted clinical tasks.Methods: This study cross-referenced oral healthcare service use at Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs) between 2004 and 2012 with the Dental Hygiene Professional Practice Index (DHPPI), which quantifies the various aspects of state policy environments for the dental hygiene workforce...
October 2017: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
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