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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926671/development-of-an-oral-assessment-sheet-for-evaluating-older-adults-in-nursing-homes
#1
Shizuko Yanagisawa, Masanori Nakano, Takaharu Goto, Masami Yoshioka, Yasuhiko Shirayama
A new general use oral assessment sheet (OAS), comprising three items each in three categories (i.e., oral hygiene, biting and chewing, and oral function), was developed to improve the oral health of older adults requiring nursing care. Seventy-nine care workers used the assessment sheet to evaluate oral conditions in 188 institutionalized older adults. Forty-five care workers and three dental professionals then assessed oral conditions in 45 institutionalized older adults using the test-retest method before and after dental professional guidance...
September 1, 2017: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925109/red-fluorescence-imaging-for-dental-plaque-detection-and-quantification-pilot-study
#2
Zhao Liu, Juliana Gomez, Soniya Khan, Debbie Peru, Roger Ellwood
The red fluorescence of dental plaque originating from porphyrins in oral bacteria may allow visualization, detection, and scoring of plaque without disclosing agents. Two studies were conducted. The first included 24 healthy participants who abstained from oral hygiene for 24 h. Dental plaque was collected from tooth surfaces, and a 10% solution was prepared. These were scanned by a molecular spectrometer to identify the optimum excitation and emission wavelengths of plaque for developing a red fluorescence imaging system...
September 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921685/four-year-incidence-rate-and-predictors-of-root-caries-among-community-dwelling-south-brazilian-older-adults
#3
Augusto B Bidinotto, Aline B Martins, Camila M Dos Santos, Fernando N Hugo, Juliana B Hilgert, Roger Keller Celeste, Dalva Maria Padilha, Renato José De Marchi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the incidence density (ID) of new root caries lesions and restorations among community-living south Brazilian older adults and to assess its association with predictor variables. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort with a random sample of elders from the municipality of Carlos Barbosa, in south Brazil. Trained dentists performed interviews and oral examinations in 388 individuals at baseline, of which 273 were retained at follow-up 4 years later...
September 18, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920972/-a-phd-completed-prevention-and-treatment-of-peri-implant-diseases-cleaning-of-titanium-dental-implant-surfaces
#4
A Louropoulou
The effect of various instruments on titanium dental implant surfaces was evaluated. Furthermore, a clinical guideline was developed regarding the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of peri-implant diseases. Air abrasive devices appear to be the most suitable meachnical instruments to remove biofilm from implant surfaces. From the available chemotherapeutica, (citric)acid and hydrogen peroxide seem to have the best potential. Regular controls and meticulous maintenance from both the patients and dental care professionals are mandatory to avoid problems...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918642/effect-of-an-oral-healthcare-program-on-gingival-health-status-in-rural-areas-of-south-korea
#5
Min-Young Lee, Namhee Kim, Wongyun Chung, Eunmi Choi, Chunbae Kim, Seijin Chang
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of an oral health care program administered at rural public health subcenters on oral hygiene status and bleeding on probing (BOP) scores among Korean rural residents older than 40 years. METHODS: Residents older than 40 years living in two rural areas were allocated randomly by order of visit into an intervention group (<i>n=</i>23) and control group (<i>n=</i>23). Changes in plaque and BOP score were analyzed between the groups using repeated-measures ANOVA...
July 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914249/visual-pedagogy-and-probiotics-for-hearing-impaired-children-a-pilot-study
#6
Amrita Sujlana, Ruchika Goyal, Parampreet Pannu, Shireen Opal, Palki Bansal
CONTEXT: Oral health care for children with special needs remains largely unmet. It is important that we should focus on preventive strategies for special children to help curtail and prevent oral diseases. AIM: This study aimed to assess the effect of visual pedagogy and probiotic mouth rinse on the periodontal health of hearing impaired children. MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: The study cohort consisted of twenty children with hearing impairment (HI) and 20 age-matched healthy children...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914238/assessment-of-dental-caries-oral-hygiene-status-traumatic-dental-injuries-and-provision-of-basic-oral-health-care-among-visually-impaired-children-of-eastern-odisha
#7
Vinay Suresan, Diptajit Das, Avinash Jnaneswar, Kunal Jha, Gunjan Kumar, Goutham Bala Subramaniam
CONTEXT: The magnitude and severity of oral health problems in visually impaired population are worse than in general population, and they tend to have more untreated dental diseases and more problems accessing dental care. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess dentition status and treatment needs, oral hygiene status, and traumatic dental injuries among institutionalized children attending special schools for the visually impaired in eastern Odisha. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted using a universal sampling protocol...
October 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912257/nurse-honeybee-workers-tend-capped-brood-which-does-not-require-feeding-around-the-clock
#8
Moshe Nagari, Yafit Brenner, Guy Bloch
"Nurse" honeybees tend brood around-the-clock with attenuated or no circadian rhythms, but the brood signals inducing this behavior remain elusive. We first tested the hypothesis that worker circadian rhythms are regulated by brood pheromones. We monitored locomotor activity of individually isolated nurse bees that were either exposed to various doses of larval extracts or synthetic brood ester pheromone (BEP). Bees orally treated with larvae extracts showed attenuated circadian rhythms in one of four tested colonies; a similar but statistically non-significant trend was seen in two additional colonies...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911982/upper-aerodigestive-tract-cancer-and-oral-health-status-before-radiotherapy-a-cross-sectional-study-of-154-patients
#9
A Raskin, M Ruquet, L Weiss-Pelletier, J Mancini, O Boulogne, J Michel, N Fakhry, J M Foletti, C Chossegros, R Giorgi
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine primarily the oral health status of patients with upper aerodigestive tract cancer before radiotherapy, and secondarily the prevalence of risk factors for poor oral status. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Marseille University hospital. Assessment criteria were the Decay, Missing and Filled (DMF) index and periodontal status. RESULTS: One hundred and fifty-four patients, mean age 60.9 years, were included...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905361/association-between-oral-health-and-upper-respiratory-tract-infection-among-children
#10
Ying Zhou, Shan Jiang, Kar Yan Li, Edward Chin Man Lo, Xiaoli Gao
BACKGROUND: The oral cavity is a potential reservoir for respiratory pathogens. This longitudinal study investigated the association between upper respiratory tract infection (URI) and oral health among children. METHODS: A total of 288 children aged 4 years were recruited. Their dental caries and oral hygiene status were clinically determined, using the dmft (decayed, missing and filled teeth) index and the Silness-Löe plaque index. Questionnaires were completed by parents to collect information on the child's socio-demographic background and URI episodes and symptoms in the following 12 months...
September 14, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904955/dental-hygiene-and-orthodontics-effect-of-ultrasonic-instrumentation-on-bonding-efficacy-of-different-lingual-orthodontic-brackets
#11
Andrea Scribante, Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Vittorio Collesano, Gaia Tovt, Luisa Bernardinelli, Paola Gandini
Dental hygienists are often faced with patients wearing lingual orthodontic therapy, as ultrasonic instrumentation (UI) is crucial for oral health. As the application of external forces can lead to premature bonding failure, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of UI on shear bond strength (SBS) and on adhesive remnant index (ARI) of different lingual orthodontic brackets. 200 bovine incisors were divided into 10 groups. Four different lingual (STB, Ormco; TTR, Rocky Mountain Orthodontics; Idea, Leone; 2D, Forestadent) and vestibular control (Victory, 3M) brackets were bonded...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903438/a-novel-prognostic-index-for-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-surgically-treated
#12
Fa Chen, Yujie Cao, Jiangfeng Huang, Lingjun Yan, Lisong Lin, Fengqiong Liu, Fangping Liu, Junfeng Wu, Yu Qiu, Lin Cai, Baochang He
This study aims to develop an applicable prognostic index with conventional factors for predicting outcome of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We performed a prospective study in a large cohort of 892 OSCC patients in Fujian, China. All patients were randomly divided into a discovery group and validation group. A prognostic index was developed based on β value of each significant variable obtained from the multivariate Cox regression model. The results from discovery and validation set demonstrated thatthe model-4(included clinical stage, tumor differentiation, ill-fitting denture, oral hygiene and cigarette smoking) was the optimal model...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900347/campylobacter-from-microbiology-to-prevention
#13
REVIEW
A Facciolà, R Riso, E Avventuroso, G Visalli, S A Delia, P Laganà
In last years, Campylobacter spp has become one of the most important foodborne pathogens even in high-income countries. Particularly, in Europe, Campylobacteriosis is, since 2005, the foodborne disease most frequently notified and the second in USA, preceded by the infection due to Salmonella spp. Campylobacter spp is a commensal microorganism of the gastrointestinal tract of many wild animals (birds such as ducks and gulls), farm animals (cattle and pigs) and companion animals (such as dogs and cats) and it is responsible for zoonoses...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899616/risk-factors-for-dental-problems-recommendations-for-oral-health-in-infancy
#14
REVIEW
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895680/optimising-preconception-health-in-women-of-reproductive-age
#15
Adina Y Lang, Jacqueline A Boyle, Grace Fitzgerald, Helena Teede, Danielle Mazza, Lisa J Moran, Cheryce Harrison
There is a growing realisation that efforts to optimise the health of women and reduce the risk of adverse maternal, perinatal and neonatal outcomes during pregnancy should commence in the preconception period. The preconception period (prior to or between pregnancies) provides an opportune time to address reproductive intentions and promote and support wellbeing and healthy behaviour change regardless of pregnancy intention. Research over the last 30 years has explored the influence of a range of preconception risk factors and determinants of health on pregnancy and maternal and neonatal outcomes including: pregnancy planning, diet and micronutrient supplementation, physical activity, weight, smoking, recreational drug and alcohol use, mental health, oral hygiene, and chronic health and medical conditions...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895677/can-babies-oral-wipes-with-fluoride-and-or-calcium-glycerophosphate-prevent-cariogenic-demineralization-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Karla M Rezende, Juliana P Zuim, Thiago S Carvalho, Maria S Côrrea, Marcelo Bönecker
BACKGROUND: The difficulties in reaching a good level of oral hygiene in young babies can be partly overcome with the use of baby oral wipes, which have been shown to effectively remove plaque from deciduous teeth. The presence of fluoride and calcium in these wipes could also prevent further demineralisation of the teeth, as well as promote remineralisation. The aim of this study is, therefore, was to analyze the preventive effect of OW containing F and CaGP on cariogenic demineralization in vitro...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894075/-the-effect-of-dongchimi-juice-containing-kimchi-lactobacillus-on-the-oral-health-of-patients-at-a-long-term-care-hospital-comparison-with-chlorhexidine-solution
#17
Seung Ah Lee, Dongsuk Lee
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify the effect of Dongchimi juice containing kimchi Lactobacillus as an oral hygiene agent and to compare it with that of chlorhexidine solution (0.12% dilution). METHODS: This study employed a pretest-posttest experimental design in which a single group of patients was exposed to two different treatments over a period of time. The study included 32 patients hospitalized at a long-term care hospital in Korea. Data were collected between August 12, 2016 and September 28, 2016...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893041/evaluation-of-oral-health-status-among-5-15-year-old-school-children-in-shimoga-city-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Shivananda Gudal Soumya, Kukkalli Kamalaksharappa Shashibhushan, Muttugadur Chandrappa Pradeep, Prashant Babaji, Vundela Rajashekar Reddy
INTRODUCTION: Oral health is an integral part of general health. Dental problems can be avoided if identified at an early stage. There is no data on oral health status of school going children in Karnataka state's Shimoga city. AIM: To evaluate oral health status of school going children among 5-15-year-old in Shimoga city. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1458 government and private school children aged 5-6, 9-10 and 14-15 years...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893038/new-vision-for-improving-the-oral-health-education-of-visually-impaired-children-a-non-randomized-control-trial
#19
Arpan Debnath, B K Srivastava, Punith Shetty, Shruthi Eshwar
INTRODUCTION: Visually impaired people have poorer oral hygiene when compared to others. Therefore, there is a necessity for individual training by making awareness in oral care and plaque control so as to improve their oral hygiene. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the effectiveness of oral health innovative educative method among visually impaired children of Bengaluru city of India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A non-randomized control trial was conducted among 40 visually impaired individuals attending special school for blind...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890609/association-of-feeding-methods-and-streptococcus-mutans-count-with-early-childhood-caries-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Deepa Bullappa, Manjunath P Puranik, K R Sowmya, T Nagarathnamma
INTRODUCTION: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a virulent form of dental caries that can destroy the primary dentition of toddlers and preschool children. The aim was to determine the relationship of feeding methods and oral Streptococcus mutans count in 3- to 5-year-old children with ECC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in children aged 3 to 5 years. Participating mothers were interviewed regarding child's demographic profile, educational level and socioeconomic status of parents, past medical and dental history of the mother and child, child's feeding habits, and dietary habits and oral hygiene practices of mother and child...
April 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
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