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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#1
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783217/-clinical-and-economic-aspects-of-professional-oral-hygiene
#2
Volodymyr S Melnik, Lyudmila F Horzov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Health care is important in all age groups. Good hygienic care is a vital aspect of it. The examination of the dental status in different groups of the adult population records low hygienic indicators, including those of young age. Against this backdrop, there is an urgent need to increase the role of professional hygiene of the oral cavity. The aim: The aim of the study. Identify the clinical and economic aspects of occupational hygiene in young people between the ages of 22 and 35...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781555/dependence-on-others-for-oral-hygiene-and-its-association-with-hand-deformities-and-functional-impairment-in-elders-with-a-history-of-leprosy
#3
Raquel Conceição Ferreira, Talita Xavier Gonçalves, Anna Rachel Dos Santos Soares, Luísa Rodrigues de Abreu Carvalho, Fernanda Lamounier Campos, Marco Túlio de Freitas Ribeiro, Andrea Maria Eleutério de Barros Lima Martins, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the frequency of dependence on others for oral hygiene and its association with hand deformities, frailty and dependence on others for basic activities of daily living (BADL) among elders with a history of leprosy. BACKGROUND: Dependence on others for oral hygiene has not been considered in multifunctional geriatric assessments. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Edentulous elders with a history of leprosy who used complete dentures and resided in a former leprosy colony were classified as independent or partially/completely dependent on others for brushing their dentures or rinsing and for BADL, and as frail or robust...
May 21, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780740/impact-of-sense-of-coherence-on-oral-health-among-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Shaik Ijaz Ahmed, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, V Chandra Sekhara Reddy, R V S Krishna Kumar, G Srinivasulu, Athuluru Deepthi
Aim and Objectives: To assess the sense of coherence (SOC) and the impact of SOC on oral hygiene behaviors and oral health status among bus drivers in Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during August-September 2017. Cluster random sampling methodology was used for the selection of drivers. Five depots were randomly selected from the list of various Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation depots in Nellore district...
March 2018: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779565/periodontal-disease-in-patients-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Flávia Almeida Ribeiro Scalioni, Camila Faria Carrada, Carolina Castro Martins, Rosangela Almeida Ribeiro, Saul Martins Paiva
BACKGROUND: The authors systematically reviewed the scientific evidence of an association between periodontal disease and Down syndrome (DS). TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In this systematic review, the authors included observational studies in which the investigators assessed the prevalence, incidence, or experience of periodontal disease in patients with DS compared with that in healthy patients. The authors used the Population, Exposure, Comparison, Outcome structure...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779389/-prevalence-and-severity-of-chronic-parodontitis-and-oral-mucosal-lesions-in-chronic-obstructive-lung-disease
#6
Ágnes Bán, Zsolt Ferenc Németh, Adrienn Szauter, Szilvia Soós, Márta Balaskó
INTRODUCTION: Chronic parodontitis is a prevalent oral disease that may lead to the loss of teeth independently of caries. Some systemic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, chronic renal failure) may aggravate chronic parodontitis. On the other hand, this oral disease may aggravate other systemic diseases. Earlier studies suggested a correlation between chronic parodontitis and very severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). AIM: The aim of our study was the investigation of the correlation between chronic parodontitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease...
May 2018: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777534/is-it-necessary-to-have-a-dentist-within-an-intensive-care-unit-team-report-of-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#7
Wanessa Teixeira Bellissimo-Rodrigues, Mayra Gonçalves Menegueti, Gilberto Gambero Gaspar, Hayala Cristina Cavenague de Souza, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Anibal Basile-Filho, Roberto Martinez, Fernando Bellissimo-Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of dental treatment in improving oral health in critical patients. METHODS: This randomised clinical trial was conducted in a general intensive care unit (ICU) at a tertiary care public facility from 1 January 2011 to 8 August 2013. Data from 254 adult patients staying in the ICU for 48 hours or more were analysed. The experimental group (n = 127) had access to dental treatment provided by a dentist four to five times a week, in addition to routine oral hygiene, whereas the control group (n = 127) had access only to routine oral hygiene, including topical application of chlorhexidine, provided by the ICU nursing staff...
May 18, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776830/pharmacological-modulation-of-radiation-induced-oral-mucosal-complications
#8
S Bockel, A Vallard, A Lévy, S François, M Bourdis, C Le Gallic, D Riccobono, P Annede, M Drouet, Y Tao, P Blanchard, É Deutsch, N Magné, C Chargari
Radiation-induced mucositis is a common toxicity, especially in patients with head and neck cancers. Despite recent technological advances in radiation therapy, such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy, radiation-induced mucositis is still causing treatment disruptions, negatively affecting patients' long and short term quality of life, and impacting medical resources use with economic consequences. The objective of this article was to review the latest updates in the management of radiation-induced mucositis, with a focus on pharmaceutical strategies for the prevention or treatment of mucositis...
May 15, 2018: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774856/hepatitis-e-in-long-term-travelers-from-the-netherlands-to-subtropical-and-tropical-countries-2008-2011
#9
Floortje Elfrink, Femke W Overbosch, Janke Schinkel, Gerrit Koen, Gerard J B Sonder
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a common cause of acute viral hepatitis. Virus genotypes 1 and 2 infect humans in developing countries by the fecal-oral route. To assess attack rates and disease incidence for travelers, we prospectively studied 604 long-term travelers to subtropical and tropical countries. Participants donated blood samples pretravel and posttravel and kept a diary. A total of 89/604 (15%) pretravel samples were positive for HEV IgG by ELISA, suggesting previous HEV infection. Seroconversion for HEV was found for 19/515 travelers (attack rate 3...
June 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769772/oral-hygiene-status-gingival-status-periodontal-status-and-treatment-needs-among-pregnant-and-nonpregnant-women-a-comparative-study
#10
Meena Kashetty, Sagar Kumbhar, Smita Patil, Prashant Patil
Objectives: The gingival and periodontal changes during pregnancy are well known. Gingivitis is the most prevalent oral manifestations associated with pregnancy. The hormonal and vascular changes that accompany pregnancy are known to exaggerate the inflammatory response to the local irritants. Hence, a study was designed to assess oral hygiene status, gingival status, periodontal status, and treatment needs (TNs) among pregnant and nonpregnant women. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 120 pregnant and 120 nonpregnant women of 18-44 years age attending the Outpatient Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics in Government Hospital of Belgaum city, Karnataka, India...
March 2018: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766564/personal-oral-hygiene-and-dental-caries-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#11
Philippe Pierre Hujoel, Margaux Louise A Hujoel, Georgios A Kotsakis
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of randomised trials assessing the association between personal oral hygiene and dental caries in the absence of the confounding effects of fluoride. BACKGROUND: Dental caries continues to affect close to 100% of the global population. There is a century-old conflict on whether dental caries is caused by poor oral hygiene or poorly formed teeth (ie, teeth with dental defects). Resolving this conflict is of significant public health importance as these two hypotheses on dental caries aetiology can lead to different prevention strategies...
May 15, 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766413/dental-plaque-disclosure-as-an-auxiliary-method-for-infants-oral-hygiene
#12
C A B Cardoso, N M Santos, M L C Fracasso, M G A Provenzano, T M Oliveira, D Rios
AIM: This was to evaluate the effectiveness of plaque disclosure as an auxiliary method for early childhoods' oral hygiene. METHODS: The study was performed with 20 mothers and their children (aged 6-36 months), members of a preventive programme, which two groups used one of two approaches: conventional oral hygiene/group I (tooth brushing) and plaque disclosure with subsequent oral hygiene/group II (tooth brushing with prior plaque disclosure). Ten mothers started the study in group I and the other 10 in group II, after one month interval they changed to be in the alternate group...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763839/salivary-fingerprint-of-simple-obesity
#13
Anna Lehmann-Kalata, Izabela Miechowicz, Katarzyna Korybalska, Ewelina Swora-Cwynar, Natasza Czepulis, Joanna Łuczak, Zofia Orzechowska, Marian Grzymisławski, Anna Surdacka, Janusz Witowski
BACKGROUND: The nature of a link between poor oral health and obesity is not fully understood. It is also unclear if saliva contributes to it and whether the properties of saliva change as a result of an increase in body mass or rather as a consequence of obesity-associated comorbidities. This pilot study was undertaken in an attempt to determine if salivary biomarkers can identify obesity per se. METHODS: Whole mixed saliva was analysed for 16 soluble parameters covering 4 categories (inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, adipokines)...
May 11, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763614/association-of-oral-helicobacter-pylori-with-gastric-complications
#14
Shazia A Ansar, Mehir Un Nisa Iqbal, Taseer A Khan, Shahana U Kazmi
AIM: This study was aimed to identify the presence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) genes in oral mucosa and find out their relationship between oral H. pylori infection and gastric complications. METHODS: This study is a case control study consists of 567 subjects with periodontal infection (278 gastric complication cases and 289 controls normal gastric intestinal mucosa) with age range of 20-80 years. Oral health status was recorded by calculating oral hygiene index (OHI), probing depths (PD) and clinical attachment loss (CAL)...
May 12, 2018: Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763516/influence-of-plaque-control-on-the-relationship-between-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-periodontal-health-status-among-japanese-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients
#15
Hiroko Hashimoto, Shimpei Hashimoto, Akinori Muto, Nanae Dewake, Yoshihiro Shimazaki
BACKGROUND: Functional disability of the finger joints in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients could affect their oral hygiene and periodontal status due to poor plaque control. We examined the influence of plaque control on the relationship between the severity of RA and periodontal status in RA patients. METHODS: This study recruited 89 Japanese RA patients who reported no difficulty in performing oral hygiene. We assessed RA severity using four indices: the Steinbrocker stage and class, the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) and the Disease Activity Score (DAS)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763353/effect-of-probiotic-lactobacillus-reuteri-on-salivary-cariogenic-bacterial-counts-among-groups-of-preschool-children-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Najlaa M Alamoudi, Eman S Almabadi, Eman A El Ashiry, Douaa A El Derwi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of probiotic Lactobacilli reuteri lozenges on caries-associated salivary bacterial counts (Mutans streptococci and Lactobacillus), dental plaque accumulation, and salivary buffer capacity in a group of preschool children. STUDY DESIGN: The study group consisted of 178 healthy children (aged 3-6 years). Children were randomly grouped: the experimental group (n = 90) received L. reuteri probiotic lozenges and the control group (n = 88) received placebo lozenges, twice daily, for 28 days...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761342/impact-of-oral-hygiene-and-socio-demographic-factors-on-dental-caries-in-a-suburban-population-in-nigeria
#17
T A Oyedele, A D Fadeju, Y I Adeyemo, C L Nzomiwu, A M Ladeji
AIM: This was to determine dental caries determinants in the study participants. METHODOLOGY: This was a secondary data study extracted from primary data through a school-based study that recruited students from primary and secondary schools in a suburban population in Nigeria. The variables included age, gender, socio-economic status, oral hygiene status, type of parenting, birth rank, family size and presence of dental caries. The diagnosis of dental caries was based on the World Health Oral Health Survey recommendations while oral hygiene was determined using simplified-oral hygiene index (OHI-S)...
May 14, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760825/a-current-approach-to-halitosis-and-oral-malodor-a-mini-review
#18
REVIEW
Damla Aksit Bicak
Background: Halitosis, in other words, oral malodor is an important multifactorial health problem affecting the psychological and social life of individuals and is the most common reason for referral to dentists after dental caries and periodontal diseases. Objective: The objective of this review was to present and discuss conventional and recently introduced information about the types, causes, detection and treatment methods of halitosis. Methods: An expanded literature review was conducted which targeted all articles published in peer-reviewed journals relating to the topic of halitosis...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757462/effect-of-guava-and-vitamin-c-supplementation-on-experimental-gingivitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Amaliya Amaliya, Ajeng S Risdiana, Ubele Van der Velden
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of guava and synthetic vitamin C on the development of gingival inflammation during experimental gingivitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants were randomly assigned to three groups supplemented daily with either 200g guava, 200mg synthetic vitamin C or water. The study included a 14 days pre-experimental period with oral hygiene instructions, scaling, prophylaxis and supplementation. Thereafter, experiment gingivitis was initiated, while continuing supplementation...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756308/improving-adolescents-periodontal-health-evaluation-of-a-mobile-oral-health-app-associated-with-conventional-educational-methods-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#20
Gisele Marchetti, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Willian Muniz do Nascimento, Geisla Mary Silva Soares, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a decisive period in the construction of new conduits. OBJECTIVE: The influence of an App associated with conventional educational methods in adolescents' oral health. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial including 291 participants (mean age = 16.1 years) in baseline. The study consisted of four phases. Interventions were evaluated through the knowledge score (KS) and oral indexes (OHI-S/GBI). KS was obtained through five affirmations about periodontal diseases applied in different moments (pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test)...
May 13, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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