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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222867/prosthodontic-treatment-of-a-retrognathic-edentulous-maxilla-demonstrating-limited-interarch-distance-3-5-year-results-with-fixed-and-removable-implant-prostheses
#1
Won-Suk Oh, Furat George, Ju-Mi Park
The prosthodontic treatment of patients with a retrognathic edentulous maxilla should consider the restoration of the lower facial profile and access for oral hygiene. This clinical report describes prosthodontic treatments of a patient with edentulism who presented with repeated fractures of the denture teeth of a maxillary implant-supported complete fixed dental prosthesis (ICFDP) and a mandibular implant-supported overdenture. Considerable plaque accumulation was noted on the ICFDP, which was replaced with an open palatal design implant-supported overdenture...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217816/candida-albicans-survival-growth-and-biofilm-formation-are-differently-affected-by-mouthwashes-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Simona Paulone, Giulia Malavasi, Andrea Ardizzoni, Carlotta Francesca Orsi, Samuele Peppoloni, Rachele Giovanna Neglia, Elisabetta Blasi
Candida albicans is the most common cause of oral mycoses. The aim of the present study was to investigate in vitro the susceptibility of C. albicans to mouthwashes, in terms of growth, survival and biofilm formation. Candida albicans, laboratory strain SC5314, and 7 commercial mouthwashes were employed: 3 with 0.2% chlorhexidine digluconate; 1 with 0.06% chlorhexidine digluconate and 250 ppm F- sodium fluoride; 3 with fluorine-containing molecules. None of the mouthwashes contained ethanol in their formulations...
January 2017: New Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216018/prospective-randomised-controlled-study-evaluating-early-modification-of-oral-microbiota-following-admission-to-the-intensive-care-unit-and-oral-hygiene-with-chlorhexidine
#3
Felipe Francisco Tuon, Oleg Gavrilko, Saulo de Almeida, Eigi Ricardo Sumi, Thiago Alberto, Jaime Luis Rocha, Edvaldo Antonio Rosa
OBJECTIVES: Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most commonly used oral hygiene product for the prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients undergoing mechanical ventilation (MV). The change in dental plaque (DP) microbiota following CHX use in patients under MV has not been described previously. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of pathogenic bacteria associated with VAP and the coverage of DP within the oral cavity in patients administered CHX. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomised, controlled, double-blind study in patients (n=16) under MV who were mouth-rinsed with either CHX or placebo...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203127/a-case-of-mysterious-impacted-duodenal-foreign-body-presenting-with-halitosis
#4
Bhavtosh Dedania, Dipen Khanapara, Amruta Panwala, Murali Dharan
The majority of gastrointestinal (GI) foreign bodies (FBs) discovered in adults are the result of intentional ingestion, most of which are found in patients with a preexisting psychiatric illness, with substance abuse disorders, or in people seeking secondary gain. No similar case of internal injuries following unintentional ingestion of a barbecue grill cleaning brush bristle has been reported. A 58-year-old Caucasian male with no significant history presented with complaint of halitosis, not improving after oral care and dental hygiene measures...
September 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203028/-unerupted-first-deciduous-molar-located-higher-to-the-first-premolar-a-case-report
#5
Y Zhan, H Liu
Tooth eruption is defined as the movement of a tooth from its site of development within the alveolar process to its functional position in the oral cavity. The process of tooth eruption can be divided into different phases: pre-eruptive bone stage, alveolar bone stage, mucosal stage, preocclusal stage, occlusal stage and maturation stage. Any disturbance in these phases can lead to eruptive anomalies. The incidence of unerupted teeth is usually higher among permanent teeth than among deciduous ones. Of the primary teeth reported as unerupted, second deciduous molars are the teeth most frequently involved, followed by primary central incisors...
February 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196287/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-non-metal-clasp-dentures-a-randomized-crossover-trial
#6
Kenji Fueki, Eiko Yoshida-Kohno, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the efficacy of non-metal clasp dentures (NMCDs) with regard to the oral-health related quality of life (OHRQoL) and compare the findings with those for conventional metal clasp-retained dentures (MCDs). METHODS: This single-centre, randomized controlled, two-phase, open label, crossover trial included 28 partially dentate individuals. The patients were randomized to receive MCDs followed by NMCDs, or the opposite sequence (n = 14 in each group); each denture was worn for 3 months...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194493/oral-health-of-adult-patients-undergoing-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation-pre-transplant-assessment-and-care
#7
REVIEW
Agnieszka Bogusławska-Kapała, Kazimierz Hałaburda, Ewa Rusyan, Hubert Gołąbek, Izabela Strużycka
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is now one of the frequent procedures used for treatment of malignant and non-malignant blood diseases, autoimmune disorders, and certain solid tumors. Despite improvements of therapeutic protocols, HCT still carries a high risk of non-relapse mortality due to early and late complications. Side effects of the therapy regimen frequently occur in the oral cavity and often significantly decrease the patients' quality of life. The complications may result from or may be exacerbated by improper oral preparation of the patient before transplantation...
February 13, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191334/predictors-of-oral-health-behaviors-in-female-students-an-application-of-the-health-belief-model
#8
Fatemeh Rahmati-Najarkolaei, Parvin Rahnama, Mohammad Gholami Fesharaki, Vahid Behnood
BACKGROUND: Oral and dental health diseases can affect the general health of students. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the predictors of oral and dental health behavior using the health belief model (HBM) in female students in Teheran, Iran. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study framed by the HBM, including 400 female students living in district 5 of Tehran, Iran. The sampling technique used in this study was multi-stage stratified random sampling...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186511/-localised-juvenile-spongiotic-hyperplasia-of-the-gingiva-a-less-common-laesion
#9
K Delli, J J Doff, A Vissink, F K L Spijkervet
A 49-year-old woman presented with a superficial, ulcerative laesion of approximately 7x3 mm of the marginal labial gingiva of the first upper incisor right. The laesion had returned twice after limited surgical excision. On the basis of a new, extensive excisional biopsy, additional investigation was carried out by the pathologist, which led to a diagnosis of localised (juvenile) spongiotic gingival hyperplasia (LJSGH). The aetiology of LJSGH is still unclear. A typical characteristic is the localised and solitary presence of the laesion...
February 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180003/ventilator-associated-pneumonia-and-the-importance-of-education-of-icu-nurses-on-prevention-preliminary-results
#10
REVIEW
Bence Mogyoródi, Erzsébet Dunai, János Gál, Zsolt Iványi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) increases intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, ICU mortality, the number of ventilator days, and costs. We implemented a VAP bundle and investigated its efficacy on prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted between January 1, 2015 and December 31, 2015 in a 12-bed multidisciplinary ICU. The bundle was implemented on July 02, 2015. Comparative analysis was performed before and after the implementation of the bundle...
December 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177120/impact-of-periodontal-disease-on-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
M C Ferreira, A C Dias-Pereira, L S Branco-de-Almeida, C C Martins, S M Paiva
The diagnosis of periodontal disease is commonly based on objective evaluations of the patient's medical/dental history as well as clinical and radiographic examinations. However, periodontal disease should also be evaluated subjectively through measures that quantify its impact on oral health-related quality of life. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of periodontal disease on quality of life among adolescents, adults and older adults. A systematic search of the literature was performed for scientific articles published up to July 2015 using electronic databases and a manual search...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176383/an-application-of-the-health-action-process-approach-model-to-oral-hygiene-behaviour-and-dental-plaque-in-adolescents-with-fixed-orthodontic-appliances
#12
Janneke F M Scheerman, Pepijn van Empelen, Cor van Loveren, Amir H Pakpour, Berno van Meijel, Maryam Gholami, Zaher Mierzaie, Matheus C T van den Braak, Gijsbert H W Verrips
BACKGROUND: The Health Action Process Approach (HAPA) model addresses health behaviours, but it has never been applied to model adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour during fixed orthodontic treatment. AIM: This study aimed to apply the HAPA model to explain adolescents' oral hygiene behaviour and dental plaque during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 116 adolescents with fixed appliances from an orthodontic clinic situated in Almere (the Netherlands) completed a questionnaire assessing oral health behaviours and the psychosocial factors of the HAPA model...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174369/self-tapping-intermaxillary-fixation-screw-an-alternative-to-arch-bar
#13
Animesh Barodiya, Rishi Thukral, S M Agrawal, Anil S Chouhan, Sidharth Singh, Yogesh Loksh
INTRODUCTION: The use of intermaxillary fixation (IMF) in the treatment of faciomaxillary fractures is the key factor for reduction and immobilization. Various techniques of IMF have been described in the past and recently IMF screws have been introduced. This technique has various advantages, including ease of use, less time consumption, less trauma to the surrounding soft tissues, and relatively reduced risk of needle stick injury. This study evaluates the efficacy of IMF screws over arch bar IMF before definitive fixation of facial fractures...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173880/an-observational-study-to-compare-oral-hygiene-care-with-chlorhexidine-gluconate-gel-versus-mouthwash-to-prevent-ventilator-associated-pneumonia
#14
Hung-Jen Tang, Chien-Ming Chao, Pak-On Leung, Chih-Cheng Lai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169264/in-vitro-study-of-the-effect-of-an-essential-oil-and-a-delmopinol-mouth-rinse-on-dental-plaque-bacteria
#15
Henrique Soares LuIs, Luis Soares Luis, Mário Bernardo
CONTEXT: Mouthrinses are used, by many of our patients, as a complement to daily dental hygiene routine. The use of a toothbrush and an interproximal cleaning method may not be enough to control dental plaque. Essential oils and delmopinol mouth rinses are effective for the prevention of dental caries and gingivitis. To study the effect of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on dental plaque bacteria, an in vitro study was developed. AIMS: The objective of this study was to determine the antibacterial activity of an essential oil and a delmopinol mouth rinse on Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacilli, and aerobic and anaerobic dental plaque nonspecific bacteria...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168970/strategies-to-improve-dental-health-in-elderly-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Natalia S Rozas, June M Sadowsky, Cameron B Jeter
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment is the gradual loss of one's ability to learn, remember, pay attention, and make decisions. Cognitively impaired elderly people are a challenging patient population for dental health care professionals and may be at higher risk of developing oral health diseases. The authors systematically reviewed interventions effective at improving dental health in patients with cognitive impairment and described research gaps remaining. TYPES OF STUDIES REVIEWED: In a comprehensive search of multiple databases, the authors identified 2,255 studies published in the English language from 1995 through March 2016...
February 3, 2017: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168829/exploring-dental-student-participation-in-interdisciplinary-care-team-conferences-in-long-term-care
#17
Jeremy Huynh, Leeann R Donnelly, Mario A Brondani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore how the participation of dental hygiene students in interdisciplinary care conferences conducted in long-term care (LTC) facilities influenced the staff's awareness of oral health, the student's provision of care as well as the student's ability to work on an interdisciplinary team. BACKGROUND: Oral health in LTC continues to be poor despite many educational and clinical interventions. The care of a frail elder requires an interdisciplinary team approach, yet dental professionals are often absent from these teams...
February 7, 2017: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166916/black-brown-discoloration-and-hairy-tongue-a-rare-linezolid-side-effect
#18
A K Jain, Man Mohan Puri, R Sarin
INTRODUCTION: Linezolid was approved for clinical use for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococci. Additionally it is used in the management of drug resistant tuberculosis. It is well-tolerated however bone marrow suppression and neuropathies may occur in patients taking this antibiotic for more than 2 weeks. Black discoloration and black hairy tongue (BHT) due to linezolid is rarely reported. We report two cases of BHT. CASE REPORTS: Two patients of drug resistant pulmonary tuberculosis developed benign hairy tongue with linezolid 600mg per day...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161137/incidence-risk-factors-and-clinical-implications-of-pneumonia-following-total-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Daniel D Bohl, Bryan M Saltzman, Robert A Sershon, Brian Darrith, Kamil T Okroj, Craig J Della Valle
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical implications of pneumonia following total joint arthroplasty (TJA). METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program was used to conduct a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing TJA. Independent risk factors for the development of pneumonia within 30 days of TJA were identified using multivariate regression. Mortality and readmission rates were compared between patients who did and did not develop pneumonia...
January 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153055/high-prevalence-of-skin-and-wound-care-of-hospitalized-elderly-in-brazil-a-prospective-observational-study
#20
Carleara Ferreira da Rosa Silva, Rosimere Ferreira Santana, Beatriz Guitton Renaud Baptista de Oliveira, Thalita Gomes do Carmo
BACKGROUND: Skin changes caused by aging increase the risk of skin damages, such as pressure ulcers, during hospitalization of elderly patients. There is few information about the cost of wound treatment in Brazil. Conversely, skin and wound problems are highly reported among hospitalized elderly patients and caregivers. The purpose is to analyze the socio-demographic and clinical profile associated with skin and wound care in hospitalized elderly. METHODS: This is a prospective observational study...
February 2, 2017: BMC Research Notes
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