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Long acting reversible contraception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942106/familiarity-with-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-among-obstetrics-and-gynecology-family-medicine-and-pediatrics-residents-results-of-a-2015-national-survey-and-implications-for-contraceptive-provision-for-adolescents
#1
Susan A Davis, Nikolay P Braykov, Eva Lathrop, Lisa B Haddad
OBJECTIVE: To assess familiarity with long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) among current Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN), Family Medicine (FM), and Pediatrics senior residents in the United States. METHODS: We selected 156 OB/GYN, FM, and Pediatrics residency programs using the AMA Freida database. Senior residents completed a survey addressing any training they had received on LARC, and rated their comfort level counseling about and inserting LARC. Residents rated their likelihood of recommending LARC to an adolescent, nulliparous patient, and indicated whether they would like additional training on LARC...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924056/long-acting-reversible-contraception-acceptability-and-satisfaction-is-high-among-adolescents
#2
David Hubacher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919400/condom-use-and-incident-sexually-transmitted-infection-after-initiation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#3
Colleen P Mcnicholas, Jessica B Klugman, Qiuhong Zhao, Jeffrey F Peipert
BACKGROUND: Use of more effective contraception may lead to less condom use and increased incidence of sexually transmitted infection. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare changes in condom use and incidence of sexually transmitted infection acquisition among new initiators of long-acting reversible contraceptives to those initiating non-long acting reversible contraceptive methods. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of the Contraceptive CHOICE Project...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915159/contraception-in-us-servicewomen-emerging-knowledge-considerations-and-needs
#4
Lauren A Harrington, Kate A Shaw, Jonathan G Shaw
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We describe current literature regarding contraceptive use among women serving in the military. We explore the state of contraceptive use by female servicewomen, gaps in knowledge, special considerations, and evidence of unmet needs. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent data on US servicewomen show that overall rates of contraceptive use remain low. Data highlight disparities and suggest barriers to contraceptive uptake persist, with contraceptive use being lower around the time of deployment...
September 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887052/comparing-long-acting-reversible-contraception-insertion-rates-in-women-with-medicaid-vs-private-insurance-in-a-clinic-with-a-two-visit-protocol
#5
Tara M Higgins, Anne K Dougherty, Gary J Badger, Sarah H Heil
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether women with Medicaid are less likely to receive long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) in a clinic requiring two visits for insertion. STUDY DESIGN: LARC insertion and pregnancy rates were compared among women with Medicaid vs. private insurance, along with other predictors, in a retrospective chart review (N=447). RESULTS: Univariately, fewer women with Medicaid vs. private insurance received LARC (66% vs...
September 5, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886016/twelve-month-contraceptive-continuation-among-women-initiating-short-and-long-acting-reversible-contraceptives-in-north-kivu-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#6
Sara E Casey, Amy Cannon, Benjamin Mushagalusa Balikubirhi, Jean-Bosco Muyisa, Ribka Amsalu, Maria Tsolka
CONTEXT: Despite the inclusion of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services in the minimum standards of health care in humanitarian settings, access to SRH services, and especially to contraception, is often compromised in war. Very little is known about continuation and switching of contraceptive methods in these settings. An evaluation of a contraceptive services program in North Kivu, Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) was conducted to measure 12-month contraceptive continuation by type of contraceptive method (short-acting or long-acting)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885429/long-acting-reversible-contraception-initiation-with-a-2-to-3-week-compared-with-a-6-week-postpartum-visit
#7
Melissa J Chen, Melody Y Hou, Jennifer K Hsia, Catherine D Cansino, Juliana Melo, Mitchell D Creinin
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a department policy changing the scheduling of the postpartum visit from 6 weeks to 2-3 weeks after delivery is associated with higher long-acting reversible contraception initiation at the postpartum visit. METHODS: We conducted a quasiexperimental before-after study to evaluate long-acting reversible contraception initiation, specifically an intrauterine device or contraceptive implant, at the postpartum visit between women scheduled for follow-up at 6 weeks (before policy change) and 2-3 weeks after delivery (after policy change)...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885401/inpatient-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception-care-that-promotes-reproductive-justice
#8
Michelle H Moniz, Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Michele Heisler, Lisa Hope Harris
Inpatient insertion of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) (intrauterine devices and implants) is increasingly offered to women immediately after childbirth. Enthusiasm for this approach stems from robust safety, effectiveness, and cost-effectiveness data and responsiveness to women's needs and preferences. Although clinical evidence for immediate postpartum LARC is well-established, the ethical implications of enhancing access to this care have not been fully considered. Contraceptive policies and practices often embody a tension between fostering liberal availability and potentially coercive promotion of some methods...
September 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881464/immediate-postpartum-contraception-a-survey-needs-assessment-of-a-national-sample-of-midwives
#9
Michelle H Moniz, Lee Roosevelt, Halley P Crissman, Emily K Kobernik, Vanessa K Dalton, Michele H Heisler, Lisa Kane Low
INTRODUCTION: Immediate postpartum long-acting, reversible contraception (LARC)-providing intrauterine devices (IUDs) and contraceptive implants immediately following birth-is an effective strategy to prevent unintended pregnancies and improve birth spacing. We measured US certified nurse-midwives' (CNMs') and certified midwives' (CMs') knowledge, training needs, current practice, and perceived barriers to providing immediate postpartum LARC. METHODS: We invited currently practicing CNM and CM members of the American College of Nurse-Midwives to complete an online survey about their knowledge and experience with the use of LARC and analyzed eligible questionnaires using descriptive statistics...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866122/trends-in-contraceptive-use-according-to-hiv-status-among-privately-insured-women-in-the-united-states
#10
Lisa B Haddad, Michael Monsour, Naomi K Tepper, Maura K Whiteman, Athena P Kourtis, Denise J Jamieson
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the patterns and trends of contraceptive use among women living with HIV, compared with noninfected women in the United States. Further, little is known about whether antiretroviral therapy correlates with contraceptive use. Such information is needed to help identify potential gaps in care and to enhance unintended pregnancy prevention efforts. OBJECTIVE: We sought to compare contraceptive method use among HIV-infected and noninfected privately insured women in the United States, and to evaluate the association between antiretroviral therapy use and contraceptive method use...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832936/chlamydia-testing-and-diagnosis-following-initiation-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#11
Sally B Rose, Susan M Garrett, James Stanley, Susan R H Pullon
BACKGROUND: Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) effectively protects against pregnancy but provides no protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). AIM: To compare rates of chlamydia testing and diagnosis for women initiating long-acting versus oral contraception. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study involving data collection for 6160 women initiating post-abortion contraception at a large New Zealand regional public hospital abortion clinic (2009-2012), with chlamydia testing data obtained from the local laboratory during two-year follow up...
August 22, 2017: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817165/contraception-after-surgical-and-medical-abortion-a-review
#12
Andrea Hsu Roe, Deborah Bartz
Importance: To prevent subsequent unintended pregnancy, contraception should be initiated soon after surgical and medical abortion. Evidence regarding the safety of postabortion contraception, especially for longacting reversible methods, has accumulated in recent years. Objective: This review seeks to provide up-to-date recommendations about the provision and timing of contraception after surgical and medical abortion. Evidence Acquisition: Recommendations are based on the US Medical Eligibility Criteria (MEC) or on the authors' review of the current literature for topics that the MEC does not address...
August 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806374/long-acting-reversible-contraception-among-homeless-women-veterans-with-chronic-health-conditions-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#13
Lori M Gawron, Andrew Redd, Ying Suo, Warren Pettey, David K Turok, Adi V Gundlapalli
BACKGROUND: US women Veterans are at increased risk of homelessness and chronic health conditions associated with unintended pregnancy. Veterans Health Administration (VHA) provision of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) can assist in healthy pregnancy planning. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perinatal risk factors and LARC exposure in ever-homeless women Veterans. RESEARCH DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of women Veterans using VHA administrative data from fiscal years 2002-2015...
September 2017: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806008/south-dakota-medicaid-implements-coverage-for-immediate-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#14
EDITORIAL
Kelly Landeen, Ashley Briggs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801054/-without-bodily-autonomy-we-are-not-free-exploring-women-s-concerns-about-future-access-to-contraception-following-the-2016-us-presidential-election
#15
Colleen P Judge, Tierney E Wolgemuth, Megan E Hamm, Sonya Borrero
OBJECTIVE: Following the 2016US presidential election, social media posts and news stories amplified concerns about the potential for reduced access to contraception under the incoming administration and urged women to seek long-acting reversible contraception. We aimed to describe women's concerns about future access to contraception, in their own words. STUDY DESIGN: A social-media-based, anonymous online survey assessing thoughts and concerns about future access to contraception was distributed to reproductive-aged US women for 1 week in mid-January 2017...
August 8, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796678/socioeconomic-status-as-a-risk-factor-for-unintended-pregnancy-in-the-contraceptive-choice-project
#16
Abigail Iseyemi, Qiuhong Zhao, Colleen McNicholas, Jeffrey F Peipert
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of low socioeconomic status as an independent risk factor for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of data from the Contraceptive CHOICE project. Between 2007 and 2011, 9,256 participants were recruited and followed for up to 3 years. The primary outcome of interest was unintended pregnancy; the primary exposure variable was low socioeconomic status, defined as self-report of either receiving public assistance or having difficulty paying for basic necessities...
September 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795311/the-rise-of-female-sterilization-a-closer-look-at-colombia
#17
Beatriz M Folch, Sarah Betstadt, Dongmei Li, Natalie Whaley
Objective In the 1970s, OCPs and IUDs were the most popular contraceptive methods in Colombia. According to data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), sterilization has become the most common form of birth control in Colombia. This study aims to examine the characteristics of Colombian women desiring long-acting contraception. Methods This study uses the 2005 and 2010 Colombian DHS dataset. Women who choose long-acting contraception were divided into those using female sterilization and those using long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)...
August 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778423/knowledge-of-and-concerns-about-long-acting-reversible-contraception-among-women-in-medication-assisted-treatment-for-opioid-use-disorder
#18
Alexis K Matusiewicz, Heidi S Melbostad, Sarah H Heil
OBJECTIVES: To assess interest in, concerns about and knowledge of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) among women in medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder who were at risk for unintended pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: Women in MAT completed a survey on contraceptive use, attitudes and knowledge, including LARC methods, as part of eligibility screening for an ongoing trial evaluating family planning interventions for this population. RESULTS: Eighty-three women at risk for unintended pregnancy completed the survey, and a subset of 51 completed supplemental questions about implants...
August 2, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778212/use-and-knowledge-of-contraceptive-methods-by-patients-in-two-substance-use-disorders-treatment-centers-in-paris
#19
Virgile Clergue-Duval, Suzanne Robin, Maeva Fortias, Gaël Dupuy, Béatrice Badin-de-Montjoye, Florence Vorspan
BACKGROUND: Studies on contraceptive use by patients with substance use disorders (SUD) show a concerning low use of contraception. Mainly conducted in USA, they could be irrelevant to patients attending European SUD treatment centers, especially since these studies mostly investigate women suffering from social exclusion, severe material deprivation andopiates use with frequent high-risk drug use and sexual behaviors including sex trade, frequently not currently attending treatment centers...
August 4, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731204/urban-rural-differences-in-tubal-ligation-incidence-in-the-state-of-georgia-usa
#20
Curtis D Travers, Jessica B Spencer, Carrie A Cwiak, Ann C Mertens, Penelope P Howards
PURPOSE: To evaluate the difference in tubal ligation use between rural and urban counties in the state of Georgia, USA. METHODS: The study population included 2,160 women aged 22-45. All participants completed a detailed interview on their reproductive histories. County of residence was categorized using the National Center for Health Statistics Urban-Rural Classification Scheme. We estimated the association between urbanization of county of residence and tubal ligation using Cox regression...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Rural Health
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