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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231583/prevalence-of-impaired-kidney-function-in-the-german-elderly-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii-base-ii
#1
Maximilian König, Maik Gollasch, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
BACKGROUND: In aging populations with an ever-growing burden of risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise. However, little is known about its exact prevalence among elderly adults, and often albuminuria is not included in the definition of CKD. Moreover, novel equations for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have recently emerged, which have not been applied comprehensively to older adults. Data on CKD awareness among the elderly are sparse...
February 24, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196295/association-of-pre-transplant-kidney-function-with-outcomes-after-lung-transplantation
#2
Amit Banga, Manish Mohanka, Jessica Mullins, Srinivas Bollineni, Vaidehi Kaza, Fernando Torres, Bekir Tanriover
PURPOSE: There is a lack of data regarding the independent association of pre-transplant kidney function with early and late outcomes among lung transplant (LT) recipients. METHODS: We queried the UNOS database for adult patients (≥ 18 years of age) undergoing LT between 1987 and 2013. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was estimated using the Modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) and the Chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations...
February 14, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191534/the-relation-of-anthropometric-measurements-and-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-polycystic-kidney-disease
#3
Bennur Esen, Emel Sağlam Gokmen, Mahmut Kaya, Burak Ozkan, Ahmet Engin Atay
OBJECTIVE: To examine the frequency of insulin resistance (IR) and its relation with anthropometric measurements in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nonobese 82 patients with ADPKD and 58 age matched healthy controls were enrolled into the study. None of participants were diabetic or receiving renal replacement therapies (RRT). IR was determined by homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) formula...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185105/evaluation-of-the-framingham-heart-study-risk-factors-and-risk-score-for-incident-chronic-kidney-disease-at-10%C3%A2-years-in-a-thai-general-population
#4
Krittika Saranburut, Prin Vathesatogkit, Anchalee Chittamma, Somlak Vanavanan, Nisakron Thongmung, Tuangrat Tangstheanphan, Piyamitr Sritara, Chagriya Kitiyakara
PURPOSE: Asians have some of the highest rates of end-stage renal disease, but there is limited information on the risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Asian general population. A risk score for incident CKD for the general population has been developed from the US Framingham Heart Study (FHS) Offspring cohort. This score has been validated on Caucasians and African-Americans, but has not been tested on Asians. We aimed to assess the importance of the FHS risk factors and the performance of the FHS risk score in predicting incident CKD at 10 years in a Thai community-based population...
February 9, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183270/estimation-of-renal-function-by-ckd-epi-versus-mdrd-in-a-cohort-of-hiv-infected-patients-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
M P Cristelli, F Cofán, N Rico, J C Trullàs, C Manzardo, F Agüero, J L Bedini, A Moreno, F Oppenheimer, J M Miro
BACKGROUND: Accurately determining renal function is essential for clinical management of HIV patients. Classically, it has been evaluated by estimating glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) with the MDRD-equation, but today there is evidence that the new Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation has greater diagnostic accuracy. To date, however, little information exists on patients with HIV-infection. This study aimed to evaluate eGFR by CKD-EPI vs. MDRD equations and to stratify renal function according to KDIGO guidelines...
February 10, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182039/hemodialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-in-end-stage-renal-disease-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-kerala
#6
G R Lakshminarayana, L G Sheetal, A Mathew, R Rajesh, G Kurian, V N Unni
This study was planned to analyze the hemodialysis practice patterns from a tertiary care referral centre as there is very limited data from India. All patients of ESRD on maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) in dialysis unit at AIMS, Kochi, Kerala for a minimum period of 3 months were included. A total of 134 patients (M: F 2:1) with age of 20 to 84 years (Mean: 59.83; SD: 11.98) were studied. The most common causes of ESRD in study population were diabetic nephropathy (DN) (59.7%) followed by unclassified group (19...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166744/effect-of-large-weight-reductions-on-measured-and-estimated-kidney-function
#7
Bernt Johan von Scholten, Frederik Persson, Maria S Svane, Tine W Hansen, Sten Madsbad, Peter Rossing
BACKGROUND: When patients experience large weight loss, muscle mass may be affected followed by changes in plasma creatinine (pCr). The MDRD and CKD-EPI equations for estimated GFR (eGFR) include pCr. We hypothesised that a large weight loss reduces muscle mass and pCr causing increase in eGFR (creatinine-based equations), whereas measured GFR (mGFR) and cystatin C-based eGFR would be unaffected if adjusted for body surface area. METHODS: Prospective, intervention study including 19 patients...
February 6, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165555/nutritional-status-and-intrarenal-arterial-stiffness-in-cardiorenal-syndrome-a-pilot-study
#8
A Gigante, F Di Mario, B Barbano, E Rosato, G Di Lazzaro Giraldi, R Pofi, M L Gasperini, D Amoroso, R Cianci, A Laviano
OBJECTIVE: Cardio-Renal Syndrome (CRS) is a condition, which is more frequently observed in clinical practice. The aim of this study is to explore nutritional status and intrarenal arterial stiffness in patients affected by CRS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 14 consecutive CRS patients, screened for anthropometry, biochemistry, nutritional and metabolic status underwent renal Doppler ultrasound and whole-body bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS). RESULTS: We found a positive correlation between phase angle (PA) and CKD-EPI and MDRD (p=0...
January 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164387/incidence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-among-people-with-diabetes-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#9
D N Koye, J E Shaw, C M Reid, R C Atkins, A T Reutens, D J Magliano
AIMS: The aim was to systematically review published articles that reported the incidence of chronic kidney disease among people with diabetes. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Embase and CINAHL databases. The titles and abstracts of all publications identified by the search were reviewed and 10 047 studies were retrieved. RESULTS: A total of 71 studies from 30 different countries with sample sizes ranging from 505 to 211 132 met the inclusion criteria...
February 6, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161263/the-measured-glomerular-filtration-rate-mgfr-before-and-6%C3%A2-months-after-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#10
Maëva Clerte, Sandra Wagner, Claire Carette, Albane Brodin-Sartorius, Éve Vilaine, Jean-Claude Alvarez, Emuri Abe, Charles Barsamian, Sébastien Czernichow, Ziad A Massy
INTRODUCTION: Over the last few decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically. This increase has been mirrored by a rise in the risk of a number of health conditions, including hypertension, diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Although the weight loss following bariatric surgery has been shown to relieve the severity of diabetes and reduce hypertension, the effect on renal function has been less extensively evaluated. OBJECTIVE: The aims of the present study were to: (i) compare the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, using the MDRD and CKD-EPI equations) and the calculated glomerular filtration rate (using the 24-hour urine volume) with the measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR) assessed with the plasma iohexol clearance method in severely obese patients, and (ii) evaluate the effect of weight loss on the mGFR 6 months after bariatric surgery...
February 1, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154020/comparison-of-performance-of-improved-serum-estimators-of-gfr-to-tc-99m-dtpa-gfr-methods-in-patients-with-hepatic-cirrhosis
#11
Zaid Haddadin, Vivian Lee, Christopher Conlin, Lei Zhang, Kristi Carlston, Glen Morrell, Daniel Kim, John M Hoffman, Kathryn A Morton
RATIONALE: GFR measurements are critical in patients with hepatic cirrhosis, but potentially erroneous when based on serum creatinine. New equations for estimated GFR (eGFR) have shown variable performance in cirrhotics, possibly due to inaccuracies in reference methods for measured GFR (mGFR). The primary objective was to compare the performance of 4 improved eGFR equations to a 1-compartment, 2-sample plasma slope intercept (99m)Tc-DTPA mGFR method to determine whether any of the eGFR calculations could replace plasma (99m)Tc-DTPA mGFR in patients with cirrhosis...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151862/a-lower-baseline-glomerular-filtration-rate-predicts-high-mortality-and-newly-cerebrovascular-accidents-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients
#12
Kai Dong, Xiaoqin Huang, Qian Zhang, Zhipeng Yu, Jianping Ding, Haiqing Song
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is gradually recognized as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular and cardio-/cerebrovascular disease. This study aimed to examine the association of the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and clinical outcomes at 3 months after the onset of ischemic stroke in a hospitalized Chinese population.Totally, 972 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled into this study. Modified of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD) equations were used to calculate eGFR and define CKD...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133906/efficacy-and-safety-of-everolimus-and-mycophenolic-acid-with-early-tacrolimus-withdrawal-after-liver-transplantation-a-multicenter-randomized-trial
#13
Faouzi Saliba, Christophe Duvoux, Jean Gugenheim, Nassim Kamar, Sébastien Dharancy, Ephrem Salamé, Martine Neau-Cransac, François Durand, Pauline Houssel-Debry, Claire Vanlemmens, Georges Pageaux, Jean Hardwigsen, Daniel Eyraud, Yvon Calmus, Fabienne Di Giambattista, Jérôme Dumortier, Filomena Conti
SIMCER was a six-month, multicenter, open-label trial. Selected de novo liver transplant recipients were randomized (week 4) to everolimus with low-exposure tacrolimus discontinued by month 4 (n=93), or tacrolimus-based therapy (n=95), both with basiliximab induction and enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium ± steroids. The primary endpoint, change in estimated GFR (eGFR, MDRD) from randomization to week 24 post-transplant, was superior with everolimus: mean eGFR change +1.1mL/min/1.73m(2)  for everolimus versus -13...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119897/decreased-renal-function-is-a-risk-factor-for-subclinical-coronary-atherosclerosis-in-korean-postmenopausal-women
#14
Bo Hyon Yun, Seung Joo Chon, Si Hyun Cho, Young Sik Choi, Byung Seok Lee, Seok Kyo Seo
OBJECTIVES: Decreased renal function is associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Our study was planned to verify the association of decreased renal function and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 251 Korean postmenopausal women who visited the health promotion center for a routine health checkup. Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was used to show renal function, which was estimated by calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault (CG) and the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) formulas...
December 2016: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118757/underestimated-incidence-of-kidney-disease-in-nonrenal-outpatient
#15
Zeyuan Lu, Jianyong Yin, Guangyuan Zhang, Rui Wu, Qing Zhao, Niansong Wang, Chungen Yan, Feng Wang
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been regarded as a severe threaten to public health, a large percentage of CKD are secondary to other diseases. Serum creatinine is the most common marker of renal function, but it did not always reflect glomerular filtration rate (GFR) accurately. In order to investigate the prevalence of kidney disease in non-renal departments and to provide a basis for the prevention of kidney injury, the present study was conducted in several medical centers...
November 2017: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116101/prevalence-of-anemia-in-renal-insufficiency-among-hiv-infected-patients-initiating-art-at-a-hospital-in-northeast-ethiopia
#16
Temesgen Fiseha, Zemenu Tamir, Abdurahaman Seid, Wondmagegn Demsiss
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a strong predictor of mortality and poor quality of life among persons with either renal impairment or HIV infection. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of anemia and its association with renal insufficiency among HIV infected patients initiating ART at a hospital in Northeast Ethiopia. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, records of 373 patients on ART were selected in Dessie Referral hospital, South Wollo, Northeast Ethiopia from September 2010 to August 2013...
2017: BMC Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063667/combining-heart-rate-and-systolic-blood-pressure-to-improve-risk-stratification-in-older-patients-with-heart-failure-findings-from-the-rica-registry
#17
Justo Sánchez-Gil, Luis Manzano, Marcus Flather, Francesc Formiga, Alicia Conde Martel, Alberto Muela Molinero, Raul Quirós López, Jose Luis Arias Jiménez, Pau Llácer Iborra, Juan Ignacio Perez-Calvo, Manuel Montero-Pérez-Barquero
OBJECTIVES: Heart rate (HR) and systolic blood pressure (SBP) are independent prognostic variables in patients with heart failure (HF). We evaluated if combining HR and SBP could improve prognostic assessment in older patients. METHODS: Variables associated with all-cause mortality and readmission for HF during 9months of follow-up were analyzed from the Spanish Heart Failure Registry (RICA). HR and SBP values were stratified in three combined groups. RESULTS: We evaluated 1551 patients, 82years and 56% women...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049232/baseline-general-characteristics-of-the-korean-chronic-kidney-disease-report-from-the-korean-cohort-study-for-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-know-ckd
#18
Eunjeong Kang, Miyeun Han, Hyunsuk Kim, Sue Kyung Park, Joongyub Lee, Young Youl Hyun, Yong Soo Kim, Wookyung Chung, Hyo Jin Kim, Yun Kyu Oh, Curie Ahn, Kook Hwan Oh
The KoreaN Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease (KNOW-CKD) was developed to investigate various clinical courses and risk factors for progression of Korean chronic kidney disease (CKD). The KNOW-CKD study consists of nine clinical centers in Korea, and patients aged between 20 and 75 years with CKD from stage 1 to 5 (predialysis) were recruited. At baseline, blood and urine samples were obtained and demographic data including comorbidities, drugs, quality of life, and health behaviors were collected...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013471/inflammation-and-oxidation-do-they-improve-after-kidney-transplantation-relationship-with-mortality-after-transplantation
#19
Laura Cañas, Eva Iglesias, María Cruz Pastor, Jaume Barallat, Javier Juega, Ioana Bancu, Ricardo Lauzurica
: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are characterized by a state of inflammation and oxidative stress that seems to improve after kidney transplantation (KT). Nevertheless, there is controversy regarding what is the best marker that better define inflammation and specially oxidative stress. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the biomarkers which are associated with improvements in inflammation and lipid peroxidation in patients who have undergone KT. To evaluate the relationship between inflammation, lipid peroxidation and mortality in KT...
December 24, 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981897/the-correlation-between-urinary-8-iso-prostaglandin-f2%C3%AE-and-hydrogen-peroxide-toward-renal-function-in-t2dm-patients-consuming-sulfonylurea-and-combination-of-metformin-sulfonylurea
#20
Rani Sauriasari, Fitri Wulandari, Rahmaningtyas Nurifahmi, Andisyah Putri Sekar, Veronika Yulianti Susilo
BACKGROUND: Renal dysfunction is a common complication in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients associated with oxidative damage which could be characterized by 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α and hydrogen peroxide level as oxidative stress markers. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to determine if there is a difference in 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α and hydrogen peroxide levels between sulfonylurea and combination of metformin-sulfonylurea in diabetic patients. We also wanted to determine if these oxidative stress markers correlate with the estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR)...
December 14, 2016: Current Diabetes Reviews
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