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Physician patient relationship

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812056/initiating-a-standardized-regional-referral-and-counter-referral-system-in-guatemala-a-mixed-methods-study
#1
Rupa Kapoor, Leslie Avendaño, Maria Antonieta Sandoval, Andrea T Cruz, Esther M Sampayo, Miguel A Soto, Elizabeth A Camp, Heather L Crouse
Background:Few data exist for referral processes in resource-limited settings. We utilized mixed-methods to evaluate the impact of a standardized algorithm and training module developed for locally identified needs in referral/counter-referral procedures between primary health centers (PHCs) and a Guatemalan referral hospital. Methods: PHC personnel and hospital physicians participated in surveys and focus groups pre-implementation and 3, 6, and 12 months post-implementation to evaluate providers' experience with the system...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808489/what-should-be-the-appropriate-minimal-duration-for-patient-examination-and-evaluation-in-pulmonary-outpatient-clinics
#2
Benan Musellim, Sermin Borekci, Gulfidan Uzan, Zafer Hasan Ali Sak, Secil Kepil Ozdemir, Goksel Altinisik, Sinem Agca Altunbey, Nazan Sen, Oguz Kilinc, Arzu Yorgancioglu
INTRODUCTION: Patient examinations performed in a limited time period may lead to impairment in patient and physician relationship, defective and erroneous diagnosis, inappropriate prescriptions, less common use of preventive medicine practices, poor patient satisfaction, and increased violent acts against health-care staff. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the appropriate minimal duration of patient examination in the pulmonary practice. METHODS: A total of 49 researchers from ten different study groups of the Turkish Thoracic Society participated in the study...
July 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807977/can-secure-patient-provider-messaging-improve-diabetes-care
#3
Sukyung Chung, Laura Panattoni, Jeffrey Chi, Latha Palaniappan
OBJECTIVE: Internet-based secure messaging between patients and providers through a patient portal is now common in the practice of modern medicine. There is limited evidence on how messaging is associated with use and clinical quality measures among patients with type 2 diabetes. We examine whether messaging with physicians for medical advice is associated with fewer face-to-face visits and better diabetes management. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients with diabetes who were enrolled in an online portal of an outpatient health care organization in 2011-2014 were studied (N = 37,762 patient-years)...
August 14, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807972/young-women-describe-the-ideal-first-pelvic-examination-qualitative-research-using-semistructured-interviews
#4
Anne Freyens, Mélanie Dejeanne, Elise Fabre, Marie-Eve Rouge-Bugat, Stéphane Oustric
OBJECTIVE: To explore representations of the first pelvic examination (PE) among adolescents who had not yet had this examination and to identify their criteria for a positive experience of it. DESIGN: Qualitative study using semistructured interviews. SETTING: Midi-Pyrénées and Auvergne in France. PARTICIPANTS: Adolescents aged 15 to 19 years who had never had a PE. METHODS: Participants were recruited through snowball sampling and targeted sampling until data saturation was reached...
August 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807699/communication-challenges-of-oncologists-and-intensivists-caring-for-pediatric-oncology-patients-a-qualitative-study
#5
Folasade Odeniyi, Pamela G Nathanson, Theodore E Schall, Jennifer K Walter
CONTEXT: The families of oncology patients requiring intensive care often face increasing complexity in communication with their providers, particularly when patients are cared for by providers from different disciplines. OBJECTIVE: To describe experiences and challenges faced by pediatric oncologists and intensivists and how the oncologist-intensivist relationship impacts communication and initiation of goals of care discussions (GCDs). METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with a convenience sample of ten physicians, including pediatric oncology and intensive care attendings and fellows...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802747/the-market-for-paid-sick-leave
#6
Simen Markussen, Knut Røed
In many countries, general practitioners (GPs) are assigned the task of controlling the validity of their own patients' insurance claims. At the same time, they operate in a market where patients are customers free to choose their GP. Are these roles compatible? Can we trust that the gatekeeping decisions are untainted by private economic interests? Based on administrative registers from Norway with records on sick pay certification and GP-patient relationships, we present evidence to the contrary: GPs are more lenient gatekeepers the more competitive is the physician market, and a reputation for lenient gatekeeping increases the demand for their services...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800808/legal-and-ethical-challenges-part-1-general-population
#7
REVIEW
Britta Ostermeyer, Anim N Shoaib, Swapna Deshpande
Several federal and state laws and regulations, as well as ethical medical principles, govern the emergency clinician's practice of care. Although some common legal-medical and ethical principles are shared with other medical specialties, emergency medicine and emergency psychiatry have unique legal and ethical challenges. This article presents and discusses these challenges, including the physician-patient relationship, malpractice, confidentiality and privilege, duty to report, decision-making capacity and vicarious decision-making, the Emergency Medical Treatment and Labor Act, right to treatment, hospital admissions, involuntary commitment, forced medication administration, and child and elder abuse...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796382/physician-and-self-assessed-myasthenia-gravis-activities-of-daily-living-score
#8
Hye Lim Lee, Ju-Hong Min, Jin Myoung Seok, Eun Bin Cho, Hye Jin Cho, Yong-Dae Kim, Byoung Joon Kim
INTRODUCTION: The myasthenia gravis-activities of daily living profile (MG-ADL) scale is simple. We aimed to validate this scale in the Korean language and to compare physician- and self-assessed MG-ADL scores (pMG-ADL-K and sMG-ADL-K). METHODS: pMG-ADL-K and sMG-ADL-K and MG composite (MGC) scores were obtained from patients. The correlation between pMG-ADL-K and MGC and the relationship between pMG-ADL-K and sMG-ADL-K were assessed using Cronbach's alpha and Spearman's coefficient...
August 10, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793928/a-new-marker-of-primary-care-utilization-annual-accumulated-duration-of-time-of-visits
#9
Talya A Nathan, Arnon D Cohen, Shlomo Vinker
BACKGROUND: Most of the research on primary care workload has focused on the number of visits or the average duration of visits to a primary care physician (PCP) and their effect on the quality of medical care. However, the accumulated annual visit duration has yet to be examined. This measure could also have implications for the allocation of resources among health plans and across regions. In this study we aimed to define and characterize the concept of "Accumulated Annual Duration of Time" (AADT) spent with a PCP...
August 10, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792145/impact-of-pretreatment-hydronephrosis-on-the-success-rate-of-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-patients-with-ureteral-stone
#10
Ki Don Chang, Joo Yong Lee, Sung Yoon Park, Dong Hyuk Kang, Hyung Ho Lee, Kang Su Cho
PURPOSE: To evaluate predictors of the success rate for one session of shock wave lithotripsy (SWL), focusing on the relationships between pretreatment hydronephrosis grade and one-session SWL success rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical records of 1824 consecutive patients who underwent an initial session of SWL for treatment of urinary stones between 2005 and 2013 were reviewed. After exclusion, 700 patients with a single, 4-20 mm diameter radiopaque calculus were included in the study...
September 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791616/addressing-cultural-determinants-of-health-for-latino-and-hmong-patients-with-limited-english-proficiency-practical-strategies-to-reduce-health-disparities
#11
Linda Park, R J Schwei, P Xiong, E A Jacobs
We explored how addressing culture may improve patient-provider relationships and reduce health disparities for racial and ethnic individuals with limited English proficiency (LEP). We analyzed qualitative data collected to explore health disparities in preventive cancer screenings for Hmong and Spanish-speaking LEP patients in a large Midwest healthcare system. We interviewed 20 participants (10 from each group) and the audiotaped interviews were transcribed verbatim, then back translated focusing on meaning...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790806/perceptions-of-patients-with-rheumatic-diseases-on-the-impact-on-daily-life-and-satisfaction-with-their-medications-rheu-life-a-survey-to-patients-treated-with-subcutaneous-biological-products
#12
Carlos M González, Loreto Carmona, Javier de Toro, Enrique Batlle-Gualda, Antonio I Torralba, María J Arteaga, Luis Cea-Calvo
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore perceptions of patients with rheumatic diseases treated with subcutaneous (SC) biological drugs on the impact on daily life and satisfaction with current therapy, including preferred attributes. METHODS: A survey was developed ad hoc by four rheumatologists and three patients, including Likert questions on the impact of disease and treatment on daily life and preferred attributes of treatment. Rheumatologists from 50 participating centers were instructed to handout the survey to 20 consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (ax-SpA), or psoriatic arthritis (PsA) receiving SC biological drugs...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789843/the-thirsty-dropsy-early-descriptions-in-medical-and-non-medical-authors-of-thirst-as-symptom-of-chronic-heart-failure
#13
M A Riva, F Cesana, F Achilli, F Scordo, G Cesana
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic heart failure may suffer from severe thirst, even if mechanisms that cause thirst in subjects affected by this condition are not clear. Medical and non-medical authors may have already recognized this symptom during the classical age. METHODS: We analyzed association between thirst and dropsy (an ancient medical term used to indicate different conditions including chronic heart failure) in past medical and non-medical literature...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782539/leveraging-the-medical-context-to-increase-upper-extremity-reconstruction-among-patients-with-tetraplegia-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Chelsea A Harris, John-Michael Muller, Melissa J Shauver, Kevin C Chung
OBJECTIVES: (1) To characterize patients' medical experiences from initial injury until they become candidates for Upper Extremity Reconstruction (UER). (2) To identify points in this medical context that may be most amenable to interventions designed to increase UER utilization. DESIGN: A qualitative cross-sectional study using grounded theory methodology and constant comparative analysis of data collected through semi-structured individual interviews. SETTING: Community PARTICIPANTS: A sample of individuals with C4-C8 cervical spinal injuries (N=19) who sustained injuries at least one year prior to interview...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781211/perioperative-antibiotic-use-in-diabetic-patients-a-retrospective-review-of-670-surgeries
#15
Justine S Ko, Samantha Zwiebel, Brigid Wilson, Devra B Becker
PURPOSE: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has a high incidence in diabetic patients, with a reported incidence up to 21%. In severe cases of CTS, patients may undergo carpal tunnel release (CTR) surgery, which involves the risk of infection and other complications. To decrease the risk of infection, some physicians provide prophylactic antibiotics. Our study examines the effects of prophylactic antibiotic use, especially in a high-risk, diabetic population. METHODS: A total of 469 CTR surgeries performed by plastic surgery specialists were reviewed for diabetic status at the time of surgery and perioperative antibiotic use...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780738/john-p-craig-md-mph-physician-scientist-educator-and-mentor-1923-2016
#16
M A Haseeb, Pascal James Imperato
John P. Craig (1923-2016) was an eminent physician-scientist, gifted educator, and greatly valued mentor. Born in West Liberty, Ohio on 29 November 1923, he attended Oberlin College, and received his medical degree from Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine. This was followed by an internship at Yale University Medical Center, and then service in the U.S. Army during the Korean War. He was a battalion surgeon, preventive medicine officer, and epidemiologist. While in Korea, he conducted important investigations of hemorrhagic fever among American troops...
August 5, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780533/nursing-home-facebook-reviews-who-has-them-and-how-do-they-relate-to-other-measures-of-quality-and-experience
#17
Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Yue Li, Lauren Campbell, Adrita Barooah, Joyce Wang
BACKGROUND: The growing use of social media creates opportunities for patients and families to provide feedback and rate individual healthcare providers. Whereas previous studies have examined this emerging trend in hospital and physician settings, little is known about user ratings of nursing homes (NHs) and how these ratings relate to other measures of quality. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between Facebook user-generated NH ratings and other measures of NH satisfaction/experience and quality...
August 5, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776767/applying-behavioral-economics-to-psoriasis-treatment-interventions-to-improve-patient-adherence-to-biologics
#18
Daniel J Lewis, Leah A Cardwell, Steven R Feldman
Zschocke et al(1) identified factors associated with adherence to biologics for psoriasis. The physician-patient relationship influences adherence considerably.(1) Specific interventions may increase adherence to biologics. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 3, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772053/heart-failure-awareness-survey-in-germany-general-knowledge-on-heart-failure-remains-poor
#19
Christine Zelenak, Sara Radenovic, Lindy Musial-Bright, Elvis Tahirovic, Mesud Sacirovic, Chong-Bin Lee, Diana Jahandar-Lashki, Simone Inkrot, Tobias Daniel Trippel, Andreas Busjahn, Djawid Hashemi, Rolf Wachter, Sabine Pankuweit, Stefan Störk, Burkert Pieske, Frank Edelmann, Hans-Dirk Düngen
AIMS: Previous studies demonstrated poor public awareness of heart failure (HF) compared with myocardial infarction and stroke. With respect to several activities to improve HF awareness in recent years, we present data on the development of HF awareness and information sources in Germany over 8 years. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 2007, 2012, and 2015, respectively, 2531, 359, and 171 respondents answered questions about causes, presentation, prognosis, and treatment of HF from a survey developed by the German Competence Network HF...
August 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769983/4-month-omalizumab-efficacy-outcomes-for-severe-allergic-asthma-the-dutch-national-omalizumab-in-asthma-registry
#20
S M Snelder, E J M Weersink, G J Braunstahl
BACKGROUND: Omalizumab is licensed as add-on therapy for patients with severe allergic asthma. Response is in most studies scored by the physician's global evaluation of treatment effectiveness (GETE). A good clinical and validated parameter for treatment response is currently missing. Also, there are no established criteria for identifying patients who will respond to omalizumab based on pre-treatment characteristics. The Dutch National Omalizumab in Asthma Registry was developed in 2011 to better evaluate inclusion criteria and measure treatment response after 4 months...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
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