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Relationship centered communication

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454389/recruitment-of-racial-and-ethnic-minorities-to-clinical-trials-conducted-within-specialty-clinics-an-intervention-mapping-approach
#1
Rossybelle P Amorrortu, Mariana Arevalo, Sally W Vernon, Arch G Mainous, Vanessa Diaz, M Diane McKee, Marvella E Ford, Barbara C Tilley
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to increase diversity in clinical trials, racial/ethnic minority groups generally remain underrepresented, limiting researchers' ability to test the efficacy and safety of new interventions across diverse populations. We describe the use of a systematic framework, intervention mapping (IM), to develop an intervention to modify recruitment behaviors of coordinators and specialist investigators with the goal of increasing diversity in trials conducted within specialty clinics...
February 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452560/health-care-efficiencies-consolidation-and-alternative-models-vs-health-care-and-antitrust-regulation-irreconcilable-differences
#2
Michael W King
Despite the U.S. substantially outspending peer high income nations with almost 18% of GDP dedicated to health care, on any number of statistical measurements from life expectancy to birth rates to chronic disease, 1 the U.S. achieves inferior health outcomes. In short, Americans receive a very disappointing return on investment on their health care dollars, causing economic and social strain. 2 Accordingly, the debates rage on: what is the top driver of health care spending? Among the culprits: poor communication and coordination among disparate providers, paperwork required by payors and regulations, well-intentioned physicians overprescribing treatments, drugs and devices, outright fraud and abuse, and medical malpractice litigation...
November 2017: American Journal of Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451917/perceived-behavioral-control-as-a-potential-precursor-of-walking-three-times-a-week-patient-s-perspectives
#3
Peter Busse, J Jaime Miranda
BACKGROUND: Behavior change theories can identify people's main motivations to engage in recommended health practices and thus provide better tools to design interventions, particularly human centered design interventions. OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (a) to identify salient beliefs about walking three times a week for 30 minutes nonstop among patients with hypertension in a low-resource setting and, (b) to measure the relationships among intentions, attitudes, perceived social pressure and perceived behavioral control about this behavior...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435128/prognostic-factors-for-olfactory-groove-meningioma-with-nasal-cavity-extension
#4
Ji Zhang, Ke Sai, Zheng-Quan Zhu, Fu Hua Lin, Zi-Feng Wang, Yong-Ming Chen, Chun-Yu Huang, Yun-Lin Ye, Xiao-Li Wang, You-Ping Li, Shu-Xin Sun, Wei-Ying Zhong, Jian-Bin Chen, Yun-Qiang Yang
Objectives: Meningioma recurrence remains a significant issue. No study has described the relationship between the clinical features and prognosis of communicating meningioma that primarily originates from the olfactory groove. The aim of the study was to identify prognostic factors of communicating olfactory groove meningiomas that could be stratified according to their risk of recurrence. Results: A Simpson grade one or two resection was achieved. Complications with cerebrospinal rhinorrhoea occurred in two patients: one required reoperation, and the other was managed successfully with external drainage of lumbar cistern...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424104/experience-of-migrant-care-and-needs-for-cultural-competence-training-among-public-health-workers-in-korea
#5
Duckhee Chae, Jina Lee, Keiko Asami, Hyunlye Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the experiences of public health workers (PHWs) providing health care for migrants living in Korea and clarified needs for cultural competence training. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Twenty-six PHWs from five public health centers in Gwangju city, South Korea, participated in this exploratory qualitative study. METHODS: Five semi-structured focus group interviews of PHWs were conducted from September to December 2016. A directed content analysis approach was conducted using four categories: perceived characteristics of migrants, interaction between PHWs and migrants, interaction between PHWs and organizations/systems, and cultural competence training needs...
February 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422710/developing-foundational-counseling-skills-for-addressing-adherence-issues-in-auditory-rehabilitation
#6
REVIEW
Carole E Johnson, Anna Marie Jilla, Jeffrey L Danhauer
Successfully getting patients with confirmed hearing loss to use hearing aids is a major challenge for hearing health care professionals. Treatment adherence has been defined as the active involvement of patients in collaborating with health care providers to plan and manage treatment regimens. Counseling patients with hearing loss on adherence to recommendations of hearing aid uptake and utilization is dependent upon building a patient-centered therapeutic relationship during the initial diagnostic evaluation...
February 2018: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417236/working-across-species-down-on-the-farm-howard-s-liddell-and-the-development-of-comparative-psychopathology-c-1923-1962
#7
Robert G W Kirk, Edmund Ramsden
Seeking a scientific basis for understanding and treating mental illness, and inspired by the work of Ivan Pavlov, American physiologists, psychiatrists and psychologists in the 1920s turned to nonhuman animals. This paper examines how new constructs such as "experimental neurosis" emerged as tools to enable psychiatric comparison across species. From 1923 to 1962, the Cornell "Behavior Farm" was a leading interdisciplinary research center pioneering novel techniques to experimentally study nonhuman psychopathology...
February 7, 2018: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416872/feasibility-of-using-risk-prompts-to-prevent-falls-dehydration-and-pulmonary-aspiration-in-nursing-homes-a-clinical-study-protocol
#8
Márcia Duarte, Raquel Bouça-Machado, Josefa Domingos, Catarina Godinho, Joaquim J Ferreira
Background: Evidence has shown a relationship between dehydration, falls, and pulmonary aspiration among older adults in nursing homes, all of which contribute to loss of independence and quality of life. It is believed that improving communication among healthcare professionals in nursing homes (physicians, nurses, rehabilitation team, psychologist, social workers, dieticians and medical assistants) decreases the number of adverse events in institutionalized patients. This study will evaluate the feasibility of using a set of written signs, designed to caution against the risk of falls, dehydration, and pulmonary aspiration, and will enable the proposal of tailored interventions to manage these events in nursing homes...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410388/reducing-misses-and-near-misses-related-to-multitasking-on-the-electronic-health-record-observational-study-and-qualitative-analysis
#9
Neda Ratanawongsa, George Y Matta, Fuad B Bohsali, Margaret S Chisolm
BACKGROUND: Clinicians' use of electronic health record (EHR) systems while multitasking may increase the risk of making errors, but silent EHR system use may lower patient satisfaction. Delaying EHR system use until after patient visits may increase clinicians' EHR workload, stress, and burnout. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the perspectives of clinicians, educators, administrators, and researchers about misses and near misses that they felt were related to clinician multitasking while using EHR systems...
February 6, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403331/we-re-the-eyes-and-the-ears-but-we-don-t-have-a-voice-perspectives-of-hospice-aides
#10
Djin Lai, Kristin G Cloyes, Margaret F Clayton, Katherine Doyon, Maija Reblin, Anna C Beck, Lee Ellington
Hospice aides are integral to the delivery of home hospice care and play an essential role in the effective communication and collaboration of the hospice interdisciplinary team. Despite their critical role, little is known about hospice aides' perceptions of their role in providing hospice services. This qualitative study explores hospice aides' perspectives of their work, their relationships with patients, families and interdisciplinary team members, and their contributions to end-of-life care. Two focus groups of hospice aides (N = 13), and 16 hours of observation of in-home caregiving were conducted...
February 2018: Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing: JHPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395476/exploring-patient-centeredness-the-relationship-between-self-reported-empathy-and-patient-centered-communication-in-medical-trainees
#11
Marianna D LaNoue, Debra L Roter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationships between self-reported Empathy and the patient-centered communication patterns of physician trainees. METHODS: "Eighty-four 3rd year medical students completed the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE - student version) and had recordings of a single OSCE analyzed using the Roter Interactional Analysis System (RIAS). Correlation and regression were employed to explore the relationships among JSE total score, 3 JSE subscales, 10 composite codes of provider communication, and a summary 'patient centered communication' ratio, reflecting the balance of psychosocial and emotional to biomedical communication of the simulated patient and student...
January 29, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390165/satisfaction-with-cancer-care-self-efficacy-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-latino-cancer-survivors
#12
Patricia I Moreno, Amelie G Ramirez, Sandra L San Miguel-Majors, Rina S Fox, Leopoldo Castillo, Kipling J Gallion, Edgar Munoz, Ryne Estabrook, Arely Perez, Thomas Lad, Courtney Hollowell, Frank J Penedo
BACKGROUND: The objective of the current study was to examine how modifiable factors such as satisfaction with cancer care and self-efficacy impact health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Latino cancer survivors. METHODS: Latinos previously diagnosed with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer (N = 288) completed questionnaires (Patient Satisfaction with Cancer Care Scale, Stanford Chronic Disease Self-Management Measures, Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-General, and Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics) within 2 years after receiving primary cancer treatment...
February 1, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381719/positive-youth-development-and-observed-athlete-behavior-in-recreational-sport
#13
Matthew Vierimaa, Mark W Bruner, Jean Côté
OBJECTIVES: Competence, confidence, connection, and character are regarded as outcomes of positive youth development (PYD) in sport. However, the specific athlete behaviors associated with different PYD profiles are not well understood. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between athletes' observed behavior during sport competitions and their perceptions of PYD outcomes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with systematic behavioral observation...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381091/development-of-an-interprofessional-competency-framework-for-collaborative-practice-in-japan
#14
Junji Haruta, Kazue Yoshida, Michiko Goto, Hisashi Yoshimoto, Shuhei Ichikawa, Youhei Mori, Kenji Yoshimi, Mariko Otsuka
Rapid aging of the population necessitates improved collaboration among healthcare professionals. Unfortunately, interprofessional collaboration has yet to be implemented effectively in Japan. Therefore, we aimed to develop an interprofessional competency framework for Japanese healthcare professionals. The project was conducted as a four-step process, starting with initial categorization of potential competency domains,, followed by guiding principle and prototype development, feedback on the prototype, and final consensus...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374004/ehealth-technologies-multimorbidity-and-the-office-visit-qualitative-interview-study-on-the-perspectives-of-physicians-and-nurses
#15
Graham G Macdonald, Anne F Townsend, Paul Adam, Linda C Li, Sheila Kerr, Michael McDonald, Catherine L Backman
BACKGROUND: eHealth is a broad term referring to the application of information and communication technologies in the health sector, ranging from health records to telemedicine and multiple forms of health education and digital tools. By providing increased and anytime access to information, opportunities to exchange experiences with others, and self-management support, eHealth has been heralded as transformational. It has created a group of informed, engaged, and empowered patients as partners, equipped to take part in shared decision making and effectively self-manage chronic illness...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29371112/manipulation-and-mobilization-for-treating-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Ian D Coulter, Cindy Crawford, Eric L Hurwitz, Howard Vernon, Raheleh Khorsan, Marika Suttorp Booth, Patricia M Herman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Mobilization and manipulation therapies are widely used to benefit patients with chronic low back pain. However, questions remain about their efficacy, dosing, safety, as well as how these approaches compare to other therapies. PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy, effectiveness, and safety of various mobilization and manipulation therapies for treatment of chronic low back pain. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis...
January 22, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370796/changes-in-patient-centered-attitude-and-confidence-in-communicating-with-patients-a-longitudinal-study-of-resident-physicians
#17
Hirono Ishikawa, Daisuke Son, Masato Eto, Kiyoshi Kitamura, Takahiro Kiuchi
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered care has been one of the most frequently discussed principles in medical practice. However, there is a serious concern that the patient-centered attitudes of physicians diminish over the course of their medical education. This longitudinal study examined changes in resident physicians' patient-centered attitudes and their confidence in communicating with patients, and explored the relationship between the two traits. METHODS: The study participants were resident physicians at a university hospital in Tokyo...
January 25, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363255/health-related-life-satisfaction-and-its-influencing-factors-a-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#18
Shou-Qi Wang, Jie Ying, Mei-Ling Zhang, Ying Shi, Yuan Li, Zhuang-Jie Xing, Huan-Huan Li, Jiao Sun
AIM: With the rapid development of science and technology, the pace of life has accelerated. Health and life satisfaction issues of persons are gaining more attention. China, Japan, Malaysia, and Taiwan conducted international cooperative research on health of four regional populations. This research was a part of the study in mainland China, which aimed to explore health-related life satisfaction and its influencing factors on large samples in mainland China. METHODS: A random group of 1404 persons from universities, factories, companies, and elderly centers in Changchun completed a structured questionnaire...
January 24, 2018: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350706/symptom-burden-and-self-advocacy-exploring-the-relationship-among-female-cancer-survivors%C3%A2
#19
Teresa L Hagan, Stephanie Gilbertson-White, Susan M Cohen, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer, Heidi S Donovan
BACKGROUND: Although patient self-advocacy is a critical component of patient-centered care, the association between symptom burden and self-
advocacy has received little attention. 
. OBJECTIVES: This analysis evaluates the degree to which self-advocacy is associated with symptom burden among women with a history of cancer. 
. METHODS: Participants completed online or paper questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and ordinary least squares regression models were used to analyze the association between the three dimensions of self-advocacy and two dimensions of symptom burden...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349217/the-mothers-on-respect-mor-index-measuring-quality-safety-and-human-rights-in-childbirth
#20
Saraswathi Vedam, Kathrin Stoll, Nicholas Rubashkin, Kelsey Martin, Zoe Miller-Vedam, Hermine Hayes-Klein, Ganga Jolicoeur
Background: Abuse of human rights in childbirth are documented in low, middle and high resource countries. A systematic review across 34 countries by the WHO Research Group on the Treatment of Women During Childbirth concluded that there is no consensus at a global level on how disrespectful maternity care is measured. In British Columbia, a community-led participatory action research team developed a survey tool that assesses women's experiences with maternity care, including disrespect and discrimination...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
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