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Daylight PDT

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683291/daylight-pdt-for-field-cancerization-lessons-from-molecular-biology
#1
Max Rybarski, Lutz Schmitz, Ben Novak, Thomas Dirschka
Actinic keratoses (AKs) represent in-situ squamous cell carcinomas that potentially invade subepidermal structures and may metastasize. Until now, it is unpredictable to determine which AK lesions show this aggressive behaviour. As AKs usually occur in large sun exposed areas, field-directed treatments have become the standard treatment regimen. Among these, conventional photodynamic therapy (cPDT) with 5- aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) or methyl-aminolevulinate (MAL) using red light is particularly effective in the treatment of AKs, but acceptance of the therapy is impaired by severe pain during treatment...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683290/pain-perception-during-photodynamic-therapy-why-is-daylight-pdt-with-mal-almost-pain-free
#2
Rolf-Markus Szeimies
Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) is an established and efficacious method for the treatment of non-melanoma skin cancer. However, treatment of especially larger areas often leads to pain, stinging and burning sensation during illumination. The use of daylight (DL) during MAL incubation was investigated in clinical trials and compared to conventional illumination with red LEDs. All clinical trials on MAL DL-PDT show it to be considerably and statistically significantly less associated with pain than conventional PDT while being as efficacious...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683285/long-term-efficacy-data-for-daylight-pdt
#3
Maria C Fargnoli
INTRODUCTION: Conventional photodynamic therapy (c-PDT) is an established successful treatment for non-melanoma skin cancers (NMSC). Daylight PDT (DL-PDT) was introduced to overcome the main inconveniencies associated with c-PDT such as pain during illumination and long clinic visits. DL-PDT was shown to have similar short-term efficacy to c-PDT for the treatment of mild/moderate AKs but it is associated with better tolerability. Since AKs tend to regress and reoccur over time, data on long-term efficacy of DL-PDT become crucial...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683283/the-background-and-philosophy-behind-daylight-photodynamic-therapy
#4
Hans C Wulf
BACKGROUND: Conventional photodynamic therapy (PDT) is associated with side effects, primarily related to the waiting time between pre-treatment with application of photosensitizer and illumination. Pain during illumination is a major issue for the patients and options for effective pain relief are limited. Post-treatment inflammation can often be severe and cause inconvenient down-time for the patients and their employers. METHODS: To avoid the problems of pain and patients crowding in the clinic we eliminated red light treatment of high PpIX concentration and introduced illumination in daylight which may be performed at home...
April 19, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663426/comparison-of-blue-and-white-lamp-light-with-sunlight-for-daylight-mediated-5-ala-photodynamic-therapy-in-vivo
#5
Kayla Marra, Ethan P LaRochelle, M Shane Chapman, P Jack Hoopes, Karina Lukovits, Edward V Maytin, Tayyaba Hasan, Brian W Pogue
Daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy (d-PDT) as a treatment for actinic keratosis (AK) is an increasingly common technique due to a significant reduction in pain, leading to better patient tolerability. While past studies have looked at different light sources and delivery methods, this study strives to provide equivalent PpIX-weighted light doses with the hypothesis that artificial light sources could be equally as effective as natural sunlight if their PpIX-weighted fluences were equalized. Normal mouse skin was used as the model to compare blue LED light, metal halide white light, and natural sunlight, with minimal incubation time between topical ALA application and the onset of light delivery...
April 16, 2018: Photochemistry and Photobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600693/photodynamic-therapy-for-esthetic-cosmetic-indications
#6
Wolfgang G Philipp-Dormston
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a well-established, non-invasive treatment for a variety of dermatologic disorders, including actinic keratosis. Furthermore, PDT results in marked improvements in the signs of skin aging, although currently there are no standardized guidelines for PDT in skin rejuvenation. Two types of PDT are available: conventional-PDT (c-PDT) and the newly introduced daylight-PDT (DL-PDT). Both require a topical photosensitizer, a light source and oxygen, and both are comparable regarding safety and efficacy for treatment of photo-induced skin aging...
March 29, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582369/field-cancerization-therapies-for-management-of-actinic-keratosis-a-narrative-review
#7
REVIEW
Nathan Jetter, Neha Chandan, Stephanie Wang, Maria Tsoukas
Actinic keratoses (AKs) are atypical, precancerous proliferations of keratinocytes that develop because of chronic exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation. Treatment of AK can be lesion-directed or field-directed. Field cancerization theory postulates that the skin surrounding AK is also at increased risk for possible malignant transformation since it has been exposed to the same chronic UV light. Field-directed therapies thus have the potential to address subclinical damage, reduce AK recurrence rates, and potentially reduce the risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) development...
March 26, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417802/can-daylight-pdt-be-performed-indoor
#8
Serge Mordon, Anne S Vignion-Dewalle, Elise Thecua, Claire Vicentini, Cyril Maire, Pascal Deleporte, Gregory Baert, Fabienne Lecomte, Laurent Mortier
Natural DayLight-mediated PhotoDynamic Therapy (NDL-PDT) is an efficacious treatment option for thin actinic keratosis that offers advantages over conventional PDT in terms of tolerability, treatment duration, and cost. It is now accepted that the minimum criteria required for effective NDL-PDT is a dose of 4 J/cm2 with a treatment time of 2 h and a minimum temperature of 10°C, corresponding to a minimum illuminance of 11 000 lux. This value is easily achievable: 20 000 lux can be obtained during a typical overcast day at midday...
February 7, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417799/a-synthesis-of-the-world-s-guidelines-on-photodynamic-therapy-for-non-melanoma-skin-cancer
#9
Colin A Morton
Photodynamic therapy (PDT), using topically administered photosensitizing agents, is widely approved as a treatment for certain nonmelanoma skin cancers. As a tissue-sparing non-surgical modality, there is great potential for PDT to enhance the choice of therapies available to treat, and potentially prevent, skin cancer. Treatment-specific guidelines have assessed the evidence for various photosensitizing agents and light sources, dosimetry, and evaluate reported adverse effects. Discomfort is frequently experienced during treatment but no analgesia was required in most pivotal lesion-directed studies...
February 7, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368865/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-experience-in-the-treatment-of-actinic-keratosis-in-san-gallicano-institute-of-rome-and-a-review-of-literature
#10
Anna Carbone, Isabella Sperduti, Paola DE Simone, Paolo Piemonte, Angela Ferrari, Pierluigi Buccini, Vitaliano Silipo, Alessandra Iorio, Pasquale Frascione, Laura Eibenschutz
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratosis (AK) is a photo-induced skin lesion. It has been considered by several authors as in situ squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), that can evolve to invasive SCC (iSCC). Given the malignant potential and because it's impossible predict which AK will evolve in iSCC, it's necessary to treat each lesion. Multiple therapeutic approaches have been described to treat AKs. In addition to the topical drugs, photodynamic therapy (PDT) has become an established therapeutic modality for grade I and II of AKs of face and scalp...
January 24, 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351725/daylight-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-with-methyl-aminolevulinate-in-actinic-keratosis-treatment
#11
Shantel D J Demay, Kunal Sharma, Sheetal Sapra, Rahul Sapra, Priya Sapra
BACKGROUND: Research has shown daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy (PDT) for the treatment of actinic keratosis (AK) to be effective, tolerable, and convenient, with excellent patient satisfaction and cosmesis. Although success has been demonstrated in areas with similar latitudes to Switzerland and Scandinavia, this treatment has not been studied in a Canadian population. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness, safety, and patient satisfaction of daylight-mediated methyl 5-aminolevulinate (MAL)-PDT to make recommendations for its use in Canadian practice...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322431/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-versus-5-fluorouracil-for-the-treatment-of-actinic-keratosis-a-case-series
#12
Gaston Nestor Galimberti
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of actinic keratosis (AK) continues to increase worldwide. Currently available options for the treatment of AK include topical 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy (DL-PDT). This split-face pilot study compared DL-PDT using 16% methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) cream versus 5-FU cream in patients with AK on the face/scalp. METHODS: Five male subjects (mean age 70 years) with grade I-III AK on the face/scalp were enrolled...
March 2018: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203353/calcipotriol-as-pretreatment-prior-to-daylight-mediated-photodynamic-therapy-in-patients-with-actinic-keratosis-a-case-series
#13
Gaston Nestor Galimberti
This split-face design study evaluated the effect of pretreatment with calcipotriol prior to daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy (DL-PDT) in patients with actinic keratosis (AK). The study included 11 subjects with grade I-III AK (mean age: 55 years). Subjects used once-daily calcipotriol 50 mcg/g ointment on half the face/scalp for 15days prior to DL-PDT. Evaluations of efficacy, safety and subject satisfaction were conducted 48hours and 7days after treatment, and at 1- and 3-month follow-ups. Three months after treatment with calcipotriol/DL-PDT and DL-PDT alone, the complete response rate was 85% and 70%, respectively...
December 1, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192611/quantifying-the-radiant-exposure-and-effective-dose-in-patients-treated-for-actinic-keratoses-with-topical-photodynamic-therapy-using-daylight-and-led-white-light
#14
M Manley, P Collins, L Gray, S O'Gorman, J McCavana
Daylight photodynamic therapy (dl-PDT) is as effective as conventional PDT (c-PDT) for treating actinic keratoses but has the advantage of reducing patient discomfort significantly. Topical dl-PDT and white light-PDT (wl-PDT) differ from c-PDT by way of light sources and methodology. We measured the variables associated with light dose delivery to skin surface and influence of geometry using a radiometer, a spectral radiometer and an illuminance meter. The associated errors of the measurement methods were assessed...
January 26, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136306/patient-and-physician-satisfaction-in-an-observational-study-with-methyl-aminolevulinate-daylight-photodynamic-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-actinic-keratoses-of-the-face-and-scalp-in-six-european-countries
#15
M C Fargnoli, S H Ibbotson, R E Hunger, G Rostain, M T W Gaastra, L Eibenschutz, C Cantisani, A W Venema, S Medina, N Kerrouche, B Pérez-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend treating actinic keratoses (AKs) as they are recognized as precursors of invasive squamous cell carcinoma. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to collect real-world clinical data on the use of methyl aminolevulinate daylight photodynamic therapy (MAL DL-PDT) for the treatment of face and scalp AK in Europe. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, non-interventional study was conducted in six European countries in patients receiving a single treatment of MAL DL-PDT for face and/or scalp AK...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070025/daylight-photodynamic-therapy-versus-cryosurgery-for-the-treatment-and-prophylaxis-of-actinic-keratoses-of-the-face-protocol-of-a-multicenter-prospective-randomized-controlled-two-armed-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
E Kohl, M Koller, F Zeman, R-M Szeimies, W G Philipp-Dormston, W Prager, P A Gerber, S Karrer
BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy with daylight (DL-PDT) is efficacious in treating actinic keratosis (AK), but the efficacy of field-directed, repetitive DL-PDT for the treatment and prophylaxis of AK in photodamaged facial skin has not yet been investigated. METHODS/DESIGN: In this multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled, two-armed, observer-blinded trial, patients with a minimum of 5 mild-to-moderate AK lesions on photodamaged facial skin are randomly allocated to two treatment groups: DL-PDT with methyl aminolevulinate (MAL) and cryosurgery...
October 25, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037911/assessing-daylight-low-dose-rate-photodynamic-therapy-efficacy-using-biomarkers-of-photophysical-biochemical-and-biological-damage-metrics-in-situ
#17
Ana Luiza Ribeiro de Souza, Ethan LaRochelle, Kayla Marra, Jason Gunn, Scott C Davis, Kimberley S Samkoe, M Shane Chapman, Edward V Maytin, Tayyaba Hasan, Brian W Pogue
BACKGROUND: Sunlight can activate photodynamic therapy (PDT), and this is a proven strategy to reduce pain caused byconventional PDT treatment, but assessment of this and other alternative low dose rate light sources, and their efficacy, has not been studied in an objective, controlled pre-clinical setting. This study used three objective assays to assess the efficacy of different PDT treatment regimens, using PpIX fluorescence as a photophysical measure, STAT3 cross-linking as a photochemical measure, and keratinocyte damage as a photobiological measure...
December 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972663/conventional-vs-daylight-photodynamic-therapy-for-patients-with-actinic-keratosis-on-face-and-scalp-12-month-follow-up-results-of-a-randomized-intraindividual-comparative-analysis
#18
Elena Sotiriou, George Evagelou, Evangelia Papadavid, Zoe Apalla, Fotini Vrani, Efstratios Vakirlis, Maro Panagiotou, Maria Stefanidou, Tsampikos Pombou, Konstantinos Krasagakis, Dimitrios Rigopoulos, Demetrios Ioannides
INTRODUCTION: Daylight PDT (DLPDT) is a new PDT procedure. Several trials demonstrate that DLPDT achieves similar response rates with conventional PDT (CPDT) in the treatment of nonhyperkeratotic actinic keratoses (AKs) in a nearly painless way. It seems that DLPDT represents a more convenient and equally effective treatment modality. Data on long-term efficacy of DLPDT are limited. OBJECTIVE: To compare short- and long-term efficacy, safety and tolerability of DLPDT with that of CPDT in face and scalp AKs...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905294/high-patient-satisfaction-with-daylight-activated-methyl-aminolevulinate-cream-in-the-treatment-of-multiple-actinic-keratoses-results-of-an-observational-study-in-australia
#19
Jo-Ann See, Kurt Gebauer, Jason K Wu, Shobhan Manoharan, Nabil Kerrouche, John Sullivan
INTRODUCTION: Actinic keratoses (AK) are treated to reduce the risk of progression to squamous cell carcinoma and for symptomatic and cosmetic benefits. The objective of this observational study was to generate real-life data on the use of daylight photodynamic therapy with methyl aminolevulinate cream (MAL DL-PDT) in treating mild to moderate facial/scalp AK. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, observational study was conducted in Australia in patients receiving a single treatment of MAL DL-PDT for mild to moderate AK...
December 2017: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846164/cutaneous-sporotrichosis-treated-with-methylene-blue-daylight-photodynamic-therapy
#20
Ana Julia García-Malinis, Ana Milagro Beamonte, Luis Torres Sopena, Oscar García-Callen, Pilar Puertolas-Villacampa, Yolanda Gilaberte
Sporotrichosis is an infection caused by the dimorphic fungus,Sporothrix schenckii. Acquisition typically occurs via cutaneous inoculation with development of a localized cutaneous and/or lymphocutaneous infection. aPDT (antimicrobial photodynamic therapy) is a process that generates reactive oxygen species (ROS) in presence of a photosensitizer, visible light and oxygen which destroys fungal and bacterial cells(1). Daylight PDT (DL-PDT) uses the visible spectrum of daylight (400-750nm) for the activation of the photosensitizer instead of an artificial light source...
August 28, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
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