keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric images

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792975/bladder-agenesis-and-associated-pelvic-arterial-anomaly-in-two-female-pediatric-patients
#1
Thomas Lowrey, Shellie Josephs, Linda A Baker
Bladder agenesis is an extremely rare congenital anomaly of the genitourinary tract. Two female patients with known diagnoses of bladder agenesis presented for pre-renal transplant evaluation and neobladder creation. Similar unique pelvic arterial malformations were identified through pre-operative imaging and intraoperative examination. With these similar findings, it could be proposed that such anatomical variants are products of the same insult or involve a causal relationship, with vascular aberrancies potentially provoking pelvic organ maldevelopment...
May 21, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792280/resource-utilization-and-indications-for-helicopter-transport-of-head-injured-children
#2
Clay M Elswick, Deidre Wyrick, Lori A Gurien, Malik Rettiganti, Marie Gowen, Ambre' Pownall, Diaa Bahgat, R Todd Maxson, Eylem Öcal, Gregory W Albert
INTRODUCTION: Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) have provided benefit for severely injured patients. However, HEMS are likely overused for the transportation of both adult and pediatric trauma patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the degree of overuse of helicopter as a mode of transport for head-injured children. In addition, we propose criteria that can be used to determine if a particular patient is suitable for air versus ground transport. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified patients who were transported to our facility for head injuries...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790286/vascular-reconstruction-technique-of-a-perforated-portal-vein-during-a-pediatric-total-pancreatectomy-and-islet-autotransplant
#3
Kent J Peterson, Oscar K Serrano, Siobhan Flanagan, Srinath Chinnakotla
Hereditary pancreatitis (HP) is a progressive disease that can manifest in childhood with debilitating, relapsing pain. A total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplant (TPIAT) is a surgical option to relieve chronic pain while preserving the available beta-cell mass. The clinical course of HP is fraught with pancreatitis-related sequelae that can both necessitate and complicate a TPIAT. We describe a child with HP who developed a pancreatic pseudocyst-portal vein (PV) fistula. Active hemorrhage of the perforated PV into the pseudocyst and PV thrombosis complicated the planned TPIAT procedure and, preoperatively, required urgent image-guided stenting...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789890/surveillance-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-isolated-optic-pathway-gliomas-is-gadolinium-necessary
#4
Ezekiel Maloney, A Luana Stanescu, Francisco A Perez, Ramesh S Iyer, Randolph K Otto, Sarah Leary, Lotte Steuten, Amanda I Phipps, Dennis W W Shaw
BACKGROUND: Pediatric optic pathway gliomas are typically indolent but have a variable clinical course. Treatment is dictated by symptoms and changes on contrast-enhanced MRI examinations. Gadolinium retention in children has motivated parsimonious use of gadolinium-based contrast agents. OBJECTIVES: To determine surveillance MR factors that motivate changes in tumor-directed therapies and extrapolate cost-efficacy of a non-contrast follow-up protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using an imaging database search we identified children with isolated optic pathway gliomas and ≥3 follow-up contrast-enhanced MRIs...
May 22, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788090/disease-burden-and-outcome-in-pediatric-and-young-adults-with-concurrent-graves-disease-and-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma
#5
Suzanne P MacFarland, Andrew J Bauer, N Scott Adzick, Lea F Surrey, Jessica Noyes, Ken Kazahaya, Sogol Mostoufi-Moab
Context: Adults with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and Graves Disease (GD) demonstrate a greater reported disease burden and aggressive DTC behavior. To date, no studies have examined the impact and long-term outcome of concurrent GD and DTC (GD-DTC) in pediatric and young adults. Design: Single institution, retrospective longitudinal cohort study between 1997-2016. Participants: 139 pediatric and young adults with DTC, diagnosed at median age 15 (range 5-23) years compared to 12 GD-DTC patients, median age 18 (range 12-20) years...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784576/normal-values-and-growth-related-changes-of-left-ventricular-volumes-stress-and-strain-in-healthy-children-measured-by-3-dimensional-echocardiography
#6
Joseph D Kuebler, Sunil Ghelani, David M Williams, Meena Nathan, Gerald Marx, Steven D Colan, David M Harrild
Normal pediatric values of three-dimensional (3D) left ventricular (LV) volumes and strain are not well established; moreover, no reports exist of the stress-strain relation and the heart rate-corrected velocity of circumferential fiber shortening (VCFc) based upon 3D imaging in children. Three-dimensional LV datasets were obtained in pediatric patients (≤18 years of age) with structurally normal hearts. Ventricular volumes and strain components (longitudinal, GLS; circumferential, GCS; and 3D strain, 3DS) were analyzed using a commercial 3D speckle-tracking analysis package...
April 24, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784284/routine-surveillance-imaging-following-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-with-intracranial-hemorrhage-may-not-be-necessary
#7
Smruti K Patel, Yair M Gozal, Bryan M Krueger, James C Bayley, Suzanne Moody, Norberto Andaluz, Richard A Falcone, Karin S Bierbrauer
BACKGROUND: Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) comprises the majority of pediatric traumatic brain injury. Children with mTBI even with traumatic intracranial hemorrhage (tICH) rarely experience a clinically significant neurologic decline (CSND). The utility of routine surveillance imaging in the pediatric population also remains controversial, especially owing to concerns about the risks of radiation exposure at a young age. This study aims to identify demographic or injury-related characteristics that may facilitate recognition of children at risk of progression with mTBI...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784250/update-on-pediatric-onset-multiple-sclerosis
#8
REVIEW
A Ruet
Pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) has distinctive features compared with adult-onset multiple sclerosis (AOMS), and warrants caution despite being a rare form of MS. POMS diagnostic criteria are somewhat different from those used in AOMS, with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis being a key differential diagnosis of MS in children. Other differential diagnoses that have to be ruled out before diagnosing MS include demyelinating syndromes, autoimmune and systemic pathologies, and infectious, genetic, metabolic and neoplastic diseases...
May 18, 2018: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782425/increased-arterial-stiffness-in-a-cohort-of-pediatric-takayasu-arteritis-patients-in-toronto-adversely-affects-left-ventricular-mechanics
#9
Heynric B Grotenhuis, Florence A Aeschlimann, Wei Hui, Cameron Slorach, Rae S M Yeung, Susanne M Benseler, Timothy J Bradley, Lars Grosse-Wortmann
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Takayasu arteritis (TA) is characterized by extensive aortic, large and midsize arterial wall inflammation. The aim of this study was to assess the morphological and elastic properties of the aorta and large arteries and the impact on left ventricular (LV) mechanics in children with TA. METHODS: Seven pediatric TA patients (6 female patients, 13.8 ± 3.2 years) were assessed with magnetic resonance imaging, vascular ultrasound, applanation tonometry, and echocardiography from February 2015 until July 2017 and compared with 7 age- and sex-matched controls...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781766/significant-suppression-of-ct-radiation-induced-dna-damage-in-normal-human-cells-by-the-prc-210-radioprotector
#10
Frank Jermusek, Chelsea Benedict, Emma Dreischmeier, Michael Brand, Michael Uder, Justin J Jeffery, Frank N Ranallo, William E Fahl
While computed tomography (CT) is now commonly used and considered to be clinically valuable, significant DNA double-strand breaks (γ-H2AX foci) in white blood cells from adult and pediatric CT patients have been frequently reported. In this study to determine whether γ-H2AX foci and X-ray-induced naked DNA damage are suppressed by administration of the PrC-210 radioprotector, human blood samples were irradiated in a CT scanner at 50-150 mGy with or without PrC-210, and γ-H2AX foci were scored. X-ray-induced naked DNA damage was also studied, and the DNA protective efficacy of PrC-210 was compared against 12 other common "antioxidants...
May 21, 2018: Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781717/white-matter-microstructure-and-information-processing-at-the-completion-of-chemotherapy-only-treatment-for-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Simone J Darling, Cinzia De Luca, Vicki Anderson, Maria McCarthy, Stephen Hearps, Marc L Seal
Little is known about white matter microstructure and its role in information processing abilities of children treated for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) early posttreatment. Twenty-one survivors of ALL and 18 controls (7-16 years) underwent neurocognitive assessment. A subsample underwent diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. The ALL group performed poorer on measures of processing capacity, and had widespread areas of decreased fractional anisotropy and increased radial diffusivity. Significant group by white matter microstructure interactions was found when predicting processing speed...
May 21, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778293/determinants-of-physician-sonographer-and-laboratory-productivity-analysis-of-the-third-survey-from-the-american-society-of-echocardiography-committee-on-pediatric-echocardiography-laboratory-productivity
#12
Brian D Soriano, Craig E Fleishman, Andrea M Van Hoever, Bonnie Wright, Beth Printz, Theresa A Tacy, Vivekanand Allada, Wyman W Lai, Sujatha Buddhe, Shubhika Srivastava
BACKGROUND: The American Society of Echocardiography Committee on Pediatric Echocardiography Laboratory Productivity was formed in 2011 to study institutional factors that could influence the clinical productivity of physicians and sonographers in academic pediatric echocardiography laboratories. In the previous two surveys, staff clinical productivity remained stable while total echocardiography volumes increased. This third survey was designed to assess how clinical productivity is associated with laboratory infrastructure elements such as training, administrative tasks, quality improvement, research, and use of focused cardiac ultrasound (FCU)...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777892/surgically-treated-de-novo-cervico-medullary-arachnoid-cyst-in-a-symptomatic-adult-patient
#13
William Clifton, Gazanfar Rahmathulla, Kourosh Tavanaiepour, Dunbar Alcindor, George Jakubek, Daryoush Tavanaiepour
Arachnoid cysts are a relatively common finding in adult patients, especially with the advent of advanced imaging techniques. The overall incidence ranges from 1-2%, and the majority are clinically silent1,2 . Arachnoid cysts are postulated to arise by congenital anomalies or trauma1 . De novo formation of arachnoid cysts has been reported, but is exceptionally rare and mostly found in the pediatric population after head trauma3-5 . There have only been two reported cases of symptomatic de novo arachnoid cyst formation in adult patients to date, both with histories of head trauma6,7 ...
May 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773567/balanced-steady-state-free-precession-sequence-ciss-fiesta-3d-driven-equilibrium-radiofrequency-reset-pulse-increases-the-diagnostic-yield-for-spinal-drop-metastases-in-children-with-brain-tumors
#14
K Buch, P Caruso, D Ebb, S Rincon
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Identification of spinal drop metastases is important in the staging and management of pediatric patients with primary brain tumors. Our aim was to assess the diagnostic utility of the balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) sequence (CISS/FIESTA/3D driven equilibrium radiofrequency reset pulse) for the detection of spinal drop metastases in pediatric patients with primary intracranial tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 44 pediatric patients with primary intracranial tumors undergoing MR imaging spine evaluation for drop metastases before radiation treatment...
May 17, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770294/three-dimensional-modelling-and-three-dimensional-printing-in-pediatric-and-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Laszlo Kiraly
Three-dimensional (3D) modelling and printing methods greatly support advances in individualized medicine and surgery. In pediatric and congenital cardiac surgery, personalized imaging and 3D modelling presents with a range of advantages, e.g., better understanding of complex anatomy, interactivity and hands-on approach, possibility for preoperative surgical planning and virtual surgery, ability to assess expected results, and improved communication within the multidisciplinary team and with patients. 3D virtual and printed models often add important new anatomical findings and prompt alternative operative scenarios...
April 2018: Translational Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768298/orbital-cellulitis-when-computed-tomography-imaging-is-falsely-reassuring
#16
Arsany Basily, Sasha Mansukhani, Andrew Anzeljc, Peter Gutierrez
An 8-year-old male presented to the pediatric emergency department with subjective fever, blurry vision, and left eye pain. On physical examination, there was mild left lower lid erythema and a subtle left eye elevation deficit. Computed tomography demonstrated preseptal soft tissue swelling without orbital involvement; however, there was varying amounts of paranasal sinus opacification. Despite the negative scan, a diagnosis of orbital cellulitis associated with sinusitis was made and treatment with intravenous antibiotics was initiated...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768297/pediatric-esophageal-foreign-body-possible-role-for-digital-tomosynthesis
#17
Andrew Johansen, Gregory P Conners, Jacob Lee, Amie L Robinson, William L Chew, Sherwin S Chan
OBJECTIVES: Foreign body (FB) ingestion is a common reason for emergency department visits, affecting more than 80,000 children in the United States annually. Whereas most ingested FBs are coins or other radiopaque objects, some are radiolucent FBs such as food. Digital tomosynthesis (DTS) is a radiographic technique that produces cross-sectional images with in-plane resolution similar to that of traditional radiographs. Our pilot study evaluated the sensitivity and specificity of DTS to detect FB in comparison to esophagram and clinical impression...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768295/requirement-for-head-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-children-who-present-to-the-emergency-department-with-acute-nontraumatic-visual-disturbance
#18
Jeong-Yong Lee, Jung-Heon Kim, Hyung-Rae Cho, Jong-Seung Lee, Jeong-Min Ryu, Mi-Sun Yum, Tae-Sung Ko
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the clinical features and head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in children who presented to the emergency department with acute nontraumatic visual disturbance and to study related clinical factors for discovering positive lesions on head MRI. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of 1-month to 15-year-old children who underwent head MRI as an evaluation for acute nontraumatic visual disturbance as a chief complaint in our pediatric emergency department between March 2010 and March 2015...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766272/blood-pressure-is-normal-but-is-the-heart
#19
Serkan Fazlı Çelik, Cemşit Karakurt, Yılmaz Tabel, Taner Elmas, Saim Yoloğlu
BACKGROUND: There is no detailed strain analysis of cardiac functions in treated hypertensive pediatric patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cardio-protective effects of different drug classes in treated pediatric hypertensive patients. METHODS: Sixty non-obese-treated hypertensive patients with preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function and 45 age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy subjects underwent clinical evaluation, including 24-h ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, standard echocardiographic examination, tissue Doppler imaging, and two-dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography...
May 15, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766250/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-the-role-of-imaging-from-a-rheumatologist-s-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Clara Malattia, Nikolay Tzaribachev, J Merlijn van den Berg, Silvia Magni-Manzoni
Alongside recent advances in treatment strategies for juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), paediatric rheumatologists have taken increasing interest in the use of imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and musculoskeletal ultrasound, by providing more detailed information on disease activity than clinical examination and conventional radiography (CR), have become helpful diagnostic and managerial tools. The growing skeleton, however, with changing appearances over time, is still challenging in the establishment of valid scoring systems for pathological changes...
June 2018: Pediatric Radiology
keyword
keyword
82377
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"