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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456713/-in-vitro-study-on-the-role-of-sox9-in-trastuzumab-resistance-of-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#1
Yingcai Hong, Huaisheng Chen, Zhanpeng Rao, Bin Peng, Hong Hu, Shaolin Lin, Zhenglei Xu
Trastuzumab is recommended for the treatment of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) in combination with chemotherapy; however, drug resistance has severely affected its clinical application. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of sex determining region Y-box 9 (SOX9), a prognostic marker in adjuvant oncological settings, on AEG cell proliferation and apoptosis in the presence or absence of trastuzumab. Furthermore, the molecular mechanism underlying the role of SOX9 in trastuzumab resistance was explored...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455242/heightened-cxcr4-and-cxcl12-expression-in-nf1-associated-neurofibromas
#2
Beren Karaosmanoglu, Çetin Y Kocaefe, Figen Söylemezoğlu, Banu Anlar, Ali Varan, İbrahim Vargel, Sükriye Ayter
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a common autosomal dominantly inherited disorder that affects both the skin and the nervous system. NF1 occurs due to the mutations in the NF1 gene. Neurofibromas are the most common Schwann cell-based tumors in NF1 patients, which are mainly categorized into dermal and plexiform neurofibromas. Studies on different tumor types demonstrate that CXCR4 expression increases in tumor tissues and is linked to metastasis and cancer progression. PURPOSE: In the present study, we aimed to analyze the gene expression of CXCR4, and its ligand CXCL12, in human neurofibromas...
February 17, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453313/multigene-profiling-of-ctcs-in-mcrpc-identifies-a-clinically-relevant-prognostic-signature
#3
Udit Singhal, Yugang Wang, James Henderson, Yashar S Niknafs, Yuanyuan Qiao, Amy Gursky, Alexander Zaslavsky, Jae-Seung Chung, David C Smith, R Jeffrey Karnes, S Laura Chang, Felix Y Feng, Ganesh S Palapattu, Russell S Taichman, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Scott A Tomlins, Todd M Morgan
The trend towards precision-based therapeutic approaches dictated by molecular alterations offers substantial promise for men with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). However, current approaches for molecular characterization are primarily tissue based, necessitating serial biopsies to understand changes over time and are limited by the challenges inherent to extracting genomic material from predominantly bone metastases. Therefore, a circulating tumor cell (CTC)-based assay was developed to determine gene expression across a panel of clinically relevant and potentially actionable prostate cancer related genes...
February 16, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449812/calycosin-orchestrates-osteogenesis-of-danggui-buxue-tang-in-cultured-osteoblasts-evaluating-the-mechanism-of-action-by-omics-and-chemical-knock-out-methodologies
#4
Amy G W Gong, Ran Duan, Huai Y Wang, Tina T X Dong, Karl W K Tsim
Danggui Buxue Tang (DBT), an ancient Chinese herbal decoction commonly used to mitigate menopausal osteoporosis, contains two herbs: Astragali Radix (AR) and Angelicae Sinensis Radix (ASR). The exact efficacy of individual chemical(s) within DBT, or in any herbal mixture, is hard to be revealed. Calycosin and ferulic acid have been reported to be the predominant chemicals found within DBT, and its roles in regulating osteoblastic differentiation have been proposed here. To probe the roles of calycosin and ferulic acid, these chemicals were specifically depleted from the DBT extracts...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448039/development-of-sirna-mediated-rna-interference-and-functional-analysis-of-novel-parasitic-nematode-specific-protein-of-setaria-digitata
#5
M B C L Somarathne, Y I N S Gunawardena, N V Chandrasekharan, R S Dassanayake
Despite the differences of the host, parasitic nematodes may share commonalities in their parasitizing genes. Setaria digitata novel protein (SDNP) is such an entity which is parasitic nematode-specific and having sequence similarities with those of W. bancrofti, B. malayi, Loa loa and Onchocerca volvulus. Post-transcriptional gene silencing by siRNA mediated RNA interference (RNAi) is a widely used technique in functional genomics. Though the technique has been used in several free-living, plant and animal parasitic nematodes, it has not yet been tried out for the filarial worm S...
February 12, 2018: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447348/transcriptome-analysis-reveals-intermittent-fasting-induced-genetic-changes-in-ischemic-stroke
#6
Joonki Kim, Sung-Wook Kang, Karthik Mallilankaraman, Sang-Ha Baik, James C Lim, Priyanka Balaganapathy, David T She, Ker-Zhing Lok, David Y Fann, Uma Thambiayah, Sung-Chun Tang, Alexis M Stranahan, S Thameem Dheen, Mathias Gelderblom, Raymond C Seet, Vardan T Karamyan, Raghu Vemuganti, Christopher G Sobey, Mark P Mattson, Dong-Gyu Jo, Thiruma V Arumugam
Genetic changes due to dietary intervention in the form of either calorie restriction (CR) or intermittent fasting (IF) are not reported in detail until now. However, it is well established that both CR and IF extend the lifespan and protect against neurodegenerative diseases and stroke. The current research aims were first to describe the transcriptomic changes in brains of IF mice and, second, to determine whether IF induces extensive transcriptomic changes following ischemic stroke to protect the brain from injury...
February 13, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447181/innate-immune-responses-following-kawasaki-disease-and-toxic-shock-syndrome
#7
Katherine Y H Chen, Nicole Messina, Susie Germano, Rhian Bonnici, Bridget Freyne, Michael Cheung, Greta Goldsmith, Tobias R Kollmann, Michael Levin, David Burgner, Nigel Curtis
The pathogenesis of Kawasaki disease (KD) remains unknown and there is accumulating evidence for the importance of the innate immune system in initiating and mediating the host inflammatory response. We compared innate immune responses in KD and toxic shock syndrome (TSS) participants more than two years after their acute illness with control participants to investigate differences in their immune phenotype. Toxic shock syndrome shares many clinical features with KD; by including both disease groups we endeavoured to explore changes in innate immune responses following acute inflammatory illnesses more broadly...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441628/a-serine-protease-homologue-bombyx-mori-scarface-induces-a-short-and-fat-body-shape-in-silkworm
#8
R-X Wang, X-L Tong, T-T Gai, C-L Li, L Qiao, H Hu, M-J Han, Z-H Xiang, C Lu, F-Y Dai
Body shape is one of the most prominent and basic characteristics of any organism. In insects, abundant variations in body shape can be observed both within and amongst species. However, the molecular mechanism underlying body shape fine-tuning is very complex and has been largely unknown until now. In the silkworm Bombyx mori, the tubby (tub) mutant has an abnormal short fat body shape and the abdomen of tub larvae expands to form a fusiform body shape. Morphological investigation revealed that the body length was shorter and the body width was wider than that of the Dazao strain...
February 14, 2018: Insect Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440634/fluorogenic-rna-mango-aptamers-for-imaging-small-non-coding-rnas-in-mammalian-cells
#9
Alexis Autour, Sunny C Y Jeng, Adam D Cawte, Amir Abdolahzadeh, Angela Galli, Shanker S S Panchapakesan, David Rueda, Michael Ryckelynck, Peter J Unrau
Despite having many key roles in cellular biology, directly imaging biologically important RNAs has been hindered by a lack of fluorescent tools equivalent to the fluorescent proteins available to study cellular proteins. Ideal RNA labelling systems must preserve biological function, have photophysical properties similar to existing fluorescent proteins, and be compatible with established live and fixed cell protein labelling strategies. Here, we report a microfluidics-based selection of three new high-affinity RNA Mango fluorogenic aptamers...
February 13, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438517/genome-editing-in-kluyveromyces-and-ogataea-yeasts-using-a-broad-host-range-cas9-grna-co-expression-plasmid
#10
Hannes Juergens, Javier A Varela, Arthur R Gorter de Vries, Thomas Perli, Veronica J M Gast, Nikola Y Gyurchev, Arun S Rajkumar, Robert Mans, Jack T Pronk, John P Morrissey, Jean-Marc G Daran
While CRISPR-Cas9-mediated genome editing has transformed yeast research, current plasmids and cassettes for Cas9 and guide-RNA expression are species specific. CRISPR tools that function in multiple yeast species could contribute to the intensifying research on non-conventional yeasts. A plasmid carrying a pangenomic origin of replication and two constitutive expression cassettes, for Cas9 and a ribozyme-flanked gRNAs was constructed. Its functionality was tested by analyzing inactivation of the ADE2 gene in four yeast species...
February 9, 2018: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437890/brain-transcriptome-databases-a-user-s-guide
#11
Jason M Keil, Adel Qalieh, Kenneth Y Kwan
Transcriptional programs instruct the generation and maintenance of diverse subtypes of neural cells, establishment of distinct brain regions, formation and function of neural circuits, and ultimately behavior. Spatiotemporal and cell type-specific analyses of the transcriptome, the sum total of all RNA transcripts in a cell or an organ, can provide insights into the role of genes in brain development and function, and their potential contribution to disorders of the brain. In the previous decade, advances in sequencing technology and funding from the National Institutes of Health and private foundations for large-scale genomics projects have led to a growing collection of brain transcriptome databases...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436190/long-non-coding-rna-tug1-promotes-proliferation-and-inhibits-apoptosis-of-osteosarcoma-cells-by-sponging-mir-132-3p-and-upregulating-sox4-expression
#12
Gang Li, Keyu Liu, Xinhui Du
PURPOSE: Long non-coding RNA taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) is reported to be a vital regulator of the progression of various cancers. This study aimed to explore the exact roles and molecular mechanisms of TUG1 in osteosarcoma (OS) development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time quantitative PCR was applied to detect the expressions of TUG1 and microRNA-132-3p (miR-132-3p) in OS tissues and cells. Western blot was performed to measure protein levels of sex determining region Y-box 4 (SOX4)...
March 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434914/long-non-coding-rna-malat-1-contributes-to-maintenance-of-stem-cell-like-phenotypes-in-breast-cancer-cells
#13
Linghuan Zeng, Ying Cen, Junjie Chen
Due to the accumulating evidence that has demonstrated the vital role of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in tumor initiation, progression and metastasis, the mechanisms that maintain the stemness of CSCs have attracted increasing attention. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript-1 (MALAT-1), a long non-coding RNA, which has been revealed to be associated with the malignant behavior of tumors, performs a critical role in maintaining the stemness in several CSCs. In the present study, it was hypothesized that MALAT-1 promotes stem cell-like phenotypes in breast cancer cells...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434205/identification-of-novel-pandar-protein-interaction-partners-involved-in-splicing-regulation
#14
N Pospiech, H Cibis, L Dietrich, F Müller, T Bange, S Hennig
Interactions of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) with proteins play important roles in the regulation of many cellular processes. PANDAR (Promotor of CDKN1A Antisense DNA damage Activated RNA) is a lncRNA that is transcribed in a p53-dependent manner from the CDKN1A promoter and is involved in the regulation of proliferation and senescence. Overexpression of PANDAR has been observed in several tumor species and correlated with a poor prognosis for patient survival rate. Depending on the cellular state, PANDAR is known to interact with proteins such as the nuclear transcription factor Y subunit A (NF-YA) and the scaffold attachment factor A (SAF-A)...
February 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429449/investigation-of-function-and-regulation-of-the-yb-1-cellular-factor-in-hiv-replication
#15
Yu-Mi Jung, Kyung-Lee Yu, Seong-Hyun Park, Seong-Deok Lee, Min-Jeong Kim, Ji-Chang You
Y-box binding protein 1 (YB-1) is a member of the cold-shock domain (CSD) protein superfamily. It participates in a wide variety of cellular events, including transcription, RNA splicing, translation, DNA repair, drug resistance, and stress responses. We investigated putative functions of YB-1 in HIV-1 replication. Functional studies using overexpression or knockdown of YB-1 in conjunction with transfection of proviral DNA showed that YB-1 enhances virus production. We found YB-1 regulates HIV-1 production by stimulating viral transcription using HIV-1 LTR sequence U3RU5 with Luciferase assay...
February 12, 2018: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429163/-clinicopathologic-features-and-prognosis-of-inflammatory-pseudotumor-like-follicular-dendritic-cell-sarcomas-in-liver-and-spleen-an-analysis-of-seven-cases
#16
Y L Wu, F Wu, L Yang, H Sun, X C Yan, G J Duan
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognostic parameters of the inflammatory pseudotumor-like follicular dendritic cell sarcoma (IPT-like FDCS) of liver and spleen. Methods: Ninteen cases of inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) and 5 cases of IPT-like FDCS of the liver and spleen were collected at the First Affiliated Hospital, Army Medical University from 2006 to 2016. HE sections, immunohistochemical staining, and Epstein-Barr virus encoded nuclear RNA (EBER) in situ hybridization were reviewed along with a summary of the literature...
February 8, 2018: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425878/the-klotho-related-protein-klph-lctl-has-preferred-expression-in-lens-and-is-essential-for-expression-of-clic5-and-normal-lens-suture-formation
#17
Jianguo Fan, Joshua Lerner, M Keith Wyatt, Phillip Cai, Katherine Peterson, Lijin Dong, Graeme Wistow
KLPH/lctl belongs to the Klotho family of proteins. Expressed sequence tag analyses unexpectedly revealed that KLPH is highly expressed in the eye lens while northern blots showed that expression is much higher in the eye than in other tissues. In situ hybridization in mouse localized mRNA to the lens, particularly in the equatorial epithelium. Immunofluorescence detected KLPH in lens epithelial cells with highest levels in the germinative/differentiation zone. The gene for KLPH in mouse was deleted by homologous recombination...
February 6, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424901/lncrna-tuc338-promotes-invasion-of-lung-cancer-by-activating-mapk-pathway
#18
Y-X Zhang, J Yuan, Z-M Gao, Z-G Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Lung cancer is highly heterogeneous and the 5-year survival rate is less than 15%. It is currently difficult to determine the heterogeneity of lung cancer and the underlying pathogenetic of metastasis. We aimed to investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) TUC338 on the invasion of lung cancer by activating MAPK pathway and to understand the heterogeneity and metastasis mechanism of lung cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of lncRNA TUC338 in 42 samples of lung cancer and paracancerous tissues were accessed by RT-qPCR...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424900/lncrna-casc9-promotes-tumorigenesis-by-affecting-emt-and-predicts-poor-prognosis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer
#19
G-D Gao, X-Y Liu, Y Lin, H-F Liu, G-J Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the clinical significance and biological function of long noncoding RNA CASC9 (CASC9) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to determine the expression of CASC9 in ESCC tissues and cell lines. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of CASC9. The correlation between the CASC9 levels and the clinicopathological factors of the patients was also analyzed...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424892/a-novel-prognostic-biomarker-for-cholangiocarcinoma-circrna-cdr1as
#20
X-M Jiang, Z-L Li, J-L Li, Y Xu, K-M Leng, Y-F Cui, D-J Sun
OBJECTIVE: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the second most common primary malignant hepatobiliary cancer worldwide. The circular RNA (circRNA) Cdr1as has been found to play critical roles in various cancers. However, the relationship between circRNA Cdr1as and CCA is still ambiguous. The aim of this study was to explore the expression level of Cdr1as in CCA and to further investigate the clinicopathological and prognostic value of Cdr1as. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated the circRNA Cdr1as expression in 54 paired tumor and adjacent normal tissues of CCA patients by using quantitative Real-time PCR, and evaluated the relevance between Cdr1as expression level and the clinicopathological features...
January 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
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