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adult respiratory distress syndrome

Catia Cilloniz, Miquel Ferrer, Adamanthia Liapikou, Carolina Garcia-Vidal, Albert Gabarrus, Adrian Ceccato, Jorge Puig de La Bellacasa, Francesco Blasi, Antoni Torres
Question: To assess the incidence, characteristics, aetiology, risk factors and mortality of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in ICU patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) using the Berlin definition. Methods: We prospectively enrolled consecutive mechanically-ventilated ICU adults with CAP over 20 years, compared with mechanically-ventilated patients without ARDS. The main outcome was 30-day mortality. Results: Among 5,334 patients hospitalized with CAP, 930 (17%) were admitted to the ICU, and 432 required mechanical ventilation; 125 (29%) cases met the Berlin ARDS criteria...
March 15, 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
Teng-Fei Zhu, Wen-Guo Zhao, Han-Lin Zheng, Jia-Xiang Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application effect of damage control orthopedics for the treatment of severe multiple fractures. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2016, 23 patients with severe multiple fractures were treated with the damage control orthopedics (DCO), included 14 males and 9 females with an average age of (41.57±8.29) years old ranging from 28 to 60 years old; the NISS averaged(27.70±5.44) points ranging from 18 to 40 points. As the control group, 27 patients with severe multiple fractures were treated by the early total care(ETC) technology from Jan...
February 25, 2018: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Yingqin Wang, Ming Zhong, Zhichao Wang, Jieqiong Song, Wei Wu, Duming Zhu
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition with high mortality that imposes a serious medical burden. Antiplatelet therapy is a potential strategy for preventing ARDS in patients with a high risk of developing this condition. A meta-analysis was performed to investigate whether antiplatelet therapy could reduce the incidence of newly developed ARDS and its associated mortality in high-risk patients. METHODS: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, Embase, Medline, and the Web of Science were searched for published studies from inception to 26 October 2017...
March 8, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Prabin Sharma, Rodrigo Aguilar, Mark Abi Nader, Shaheryar Siddiqui, Ramkaji Baniya, Sanjeeb Sudarshan Bhandari, Carmen Elena Cervantes, Ricardo Correa, Amir Masoud
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the difference in overall outcomes between weekend admissions for acute pancreatitis (AP) and weekday admissions. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2012, data were extracted from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample on adult patients with AP. Exclusion criteria were applied for chronic pancreatitis and other pancreatic and biliary malignancies. In-hospital mortality, length of stay, hospitalization costs, comorbidities, complications, and intervention rates were compared between the weekend and weekday admissions...
April 2018: Pancreas
Michelle Biehl, Adil Ahmed, Rahul Kashyap, Amelia Barwise, Ognjen Gajic
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term survival of patients at similar risk for hospital-acquired acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) who did and did not develop ARDS. METHODS: We conducted long-term follow-up of a population-based nested case-control study in a consecutive cohort of adult Olmsted County, Minnesota, patients admitted from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2010. Patients in whom ARDS developed during their hospital stay (cases) were matched to similar-risk patients without ARDS (controls) by 6 characteristics: age, sex, sepsis, high-risk surgery, ratio of oxygen saturation to fraction of inspired oxygen, and ARDS risk according to the Lung Injury Prediction Score...
February 27, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
M Moreira, D Fernandes, E Pereira, E Monteiro, R Pascoa, C Dias
OBJECTIVE: Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) management has been associated with adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in previous literature. We aimed to investigate the relationships between optimal CPP-guided management, ventilation parameters over time and outcome after severe TBI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of recorded data from 38 patients admitted to the NCCU after severe TBI, managed with optimal cerebral perfusion pressure (CPPopt)-guided therapy, calculated using pressure reactivity index (PRx)...
2018: Acta Neurochirurgica. Supplement
Adrien Bouglé, Pierre-Antoine Allain, Séverine Favard, Nora Ait Hamou, Aude Carillion, Pascal Leprince, Benjamin Granger, Julien Amour
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is associated with a systemic inflammatory response and an endothelial dysfunction, whose qualitative assessment appears to be a major issue. Endocan (ESM-1, endothelial cell specific molecule - 1) is a protein preferentially expressed by the endothelium and previously associated with prognosis of septic shock or acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this pilot study, we investigated the kinetic of Endocan in planned coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery with CPB...
February 21, 2018: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Martin S Taylor, Raghu R Chivukula, Laura C Myers, William R Jeck, Avinash Waghray, Purushothama R Tata, Martin K Selig, Walter J O'Donnell, Carol F Farver, B Taylor Thompson, Jayaraj Rajagopal, Richard L Kradin
Improved tools have led to a burgeoning understanding of lung regeneration in mice, but it is not yet known how these insights may be relevant to acute lung injury in humans. We report in detail two cases of fulminant idiopathic acute lung injury requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in previously healthy young adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome, one of whom required lung transplantation. Biopsies showed diffuse alveolar injury with a striking paucity of alveolar epithelial regeneration, rare hyaline membranes, and diffuse contiguous airspace lining by macrophages...
February 21, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
Ary Serpa Neto, Nicole P Juffermans, Sabrine N T Hemmes, Carmen S V Barbas, Martin Beiderlinden, Michelle Biehl, Ana Fernandez-Bustamante, Emmanuel Futier, Ognjen Gajic, Samir Jaber, Alf Kozian, Marc Licker, Wen-Qian Lin, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Dinis Reis Miranda, Pierre Moine, Domenico Paparella, Marco Ranieri, Federica Scavonetto, Thomas Schilling, Gabriele Selmo, Paolo Severgnini, Juraj Sprung, Sugantha Sundar, Daniel Talmor, Tanja Treschan, Carmen Unzueta, Toby N Weingarten, Esther K Wolthuis, Hermann Wrigge, Marcelo Gama de Abreu, Paolo Pelosi, Marcus J Schultz
Background: Transfusion of blood products and mechanical ventilation with injurious settings are considered risk factors for postoperative lung injury in surgical Patients. Methods: A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis was done to determine the independent effects of peri-operative transfusion of blood products, intra-operative tidal volume and airway pressure in adult patients undergoing mechanical ventilation for general surgery, as well as their interactions on the occurrence of postoperative acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
January 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
Matthieu Jabaudon, Pauline Berthelin, Thibaut Pranal, Laurence Roszyk, Thomas Godet, Jean-Sébastien Faure, Russell Chabanne, Nathanael Eisenmann, Alexandre Lautrette, Corinne Belville, Raiko Blondonnet, Sophie Cayot, Thierry Gillart, Julien Pascal, Yvan Skrzypczak, Bertrand Souweine, Loic Blanchon, Vincent Sapin, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Michel Constantin
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) prediction remains challenging despite available clinical scores. To assess soluble receptor for advanced glycation end-products (sRAGE), a marker of lung epithelial injury, as a predictor of ARDS in a high-risk population, adult patients with at least one ARDS risk factor upon admission to participating intensive care units (ICUs) were enrolled in a multicentre, prospective study between June 2014 and January 2015. Plasma sRAGE and endogenous secretory RAGE (esRAGE) were measured at baseline (ICU admission) and 24 hours later (day one)...
February 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
Nicolas Nesseler, Antoine Roquilly, Sigismond Lasocki, Claire Dahyot-Fizelier, Yoann Launey, Cinotti Raphaël, Marine Hubert, Sonia Isslame, Pierre-François Perrigault, Thomas Geeraerts, Olivier Mimoz, Fouad Marhar, Yannick Mallédant, Fanny Feuillet, Karim Asehnoune, Philippe Seguin
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of the factors associated with the decision to withdraw or withhold life support (WWLS) in brain-injured patients is limited. However, most deaths in these patients may involve such a decision. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors associated with the decision to WWLS in brain-injured patients requiring mechanical ventilation who survive the first 24 h in the ICU, and to analyse the outcomes and time to death. DESIGN: A retrospective observational multicentre study...
February 3, 2018: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Luiz Philippe S Sergio, Leda M F Lucinda, Maycon M Reboredo, Flavia de Paoli, Lídia M C Fonseca, Bruno V Pinheiro, Andre L Mencalha, Adenilson S Fonseca
Purpose/Aim of the study: Patients suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in association with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) present oxidative stress in lung cells, with production of free radicals and DNA lesions in pulmonary and adjacent cells. Once the DNA molecule is damaged, a set of enzymatic mechanisms are trigged to preserve genetic code integrity and cellular homeostasis. These enzymatic mechanisms include the base and the nucleotide excision repair pathways, as well as telomere regulation...
February 8, 2018: Experimental Lung Research
Xianfeng Chen, Juntao Hu, Chi Zhang, Yiping Pan, Diansheng Tian, Fafa Kuang, Zhanhong Tang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanisms of protective effects of dexmedetomidine on lungs in patients of sepsis complicated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: The adult patients with sepsis complicated with ARDS, the oxygenation index (PaO2/FiO2) was 150-200 mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa), acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) score was 10-20, need mechanical ventilation (MV) treatment > 72 hours, and admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University from September 2013 to June 2017 were enrolled...
February 2018: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
J García-Fernández, A Romero, A Blanco, P Gonzalez, A Abad-Gurumeta, S D Bergese
Pulmonary recruitment manoeuvres (RM) are intended to reopen collapsed lung areas. RMs are present in nature as a physiological mechanism to get a newborn to open their lungs for the first time at birth, and we also use them, in our usual anaesthesiological clinical practice, after induction or during general anaesthesia when a patient is desaturated. However, there is much confusion in clinical practice regarding their safety, the best way to perform them, when to do them, in which patients they are indicated, and in those where they are totally contraindicated...
January 26, 2018: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
Sonia Hammami, Houda Lazreg Aref, Messouda Khalfa, Ines Kochtalli, Mohamed Hammami
BACKGROUND: Refeeding syndrome is a rare and life-threatening pathology with polyvisceral manifestations occurring in severely malnourished patients. It is rarely described in adults with celiac disease. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 28-year-old Tunisian woman followed up for celiac disease, who did not adhere to the gluten-free diet. She presented to our hospital with celiac crisis manifested by severe diarrhea, and metabolic and electrolyte disturbances...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Deog Kyeom Kim, Jungsil Lee, Ju Hee Park, Kwang Ha Yoo
Acute exacerbation(s) of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) tend to be critical and debilitating events leading to poorer outcomes in relation to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) treatment modalities, and contribute to a higher and earlier mortality rate in COPD patients. Besides pro-active preventative measures intended to obviate acquisition of AECOPD, early recovery from severe AECOPD is an important issue in determining the long-term prognosis of patients diagnosed with COPD. Updated GOLD guidelines and recently published American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society clinical recommendations emphasize the importance of use of pharmacologic treatment including bronchodilators, systemic steroids and/or antibiotics...
January 24, 2018: Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
Yong Gang Tian, Jian Zhang
Prolonged exposure to hyperoxia results in acute lung injury (ALI). Pulmonary damage caused by oxygen toxicity occurs due to the generation of reactive oxygen species and subsequent formation of more potent oxidants. The present study demonstrated that sirtuin 3 (SIRT3) may attenuate hyperoxia‑induced ALI due to its potential antioxidative effect. In the present study, a hyperoxia‑induced acute lung injury mouse model, reverse transcription‑quantitative polymerase chain reaction, western blotting, retroviral mediated gene over‑expression and knockdown assays revealed that the expression of SIRT3 in the lung tissue of mice with hyperoxia‑induced ALI was decreased and overexpression of SIRT3 may significantly reduce hyperoxia‑induced ALI, as reflected by decreases in protein concentration, infiltrated neutrophils in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and wet/dry ratio of lung tissues...
January 22, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Kumaraguruparan Ramasamy, Sowmya Balasubramanian, Krishnan Manickam, Lavanya Pandranki, Alexander B Taylor, P John Hart, Joel B Baseman, T R Kannan
Mycoplasma pneumoniae is an atypical bacterium that causes respiratory illnesses in humans, including pharyngitis, tracheobronchitis, and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). It has also been directly linked to reactive airway disease, asthma, and extrapulmonary pathologies. During its colonization, M. pneumoniae expresses a unique ADP-ribosylating and vacuolating cytotoxin designated community-acquired respiratory distress syndrome (CARDS) toxin. CARDS toxin persists and localizes in the airway in CAP patients, asthmatics, and trauma patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia...
January 23, 2018: MBio
Richard Devasagayaraj, Nicholas C Cavarocchi, Hitoshi Hirose
INTRODUCTION: Patients who develop severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) despite full medical management may require veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) to support respiratory function. Survival outcomes remain unclear in those who develop acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) during VV ECMO for isolated severe respiratory failure in adult populations. METHODS: A retrospective chart review (2010-2016) of patients who underwent VV ECMO for ARDS was conducted with university institutional review board (IRB) approval...
January 1, 2018: Perfusion
Timothy E Sweeney, Neal J Thomas, Judie A Howrylak, Hector R Wong, Angela J Rogers, Purvesh Khatri
OBJECTIVES: To identify a novel, generalizable diagnostic for acute respiratory distress syndrome using whole-blood gene expression arrays from multiple acute respiratory distress syndrome cohorts of varying etiologies. DATA SOURCES: We performed a systematic search for human whole-blood gene expression arrays of acute respiratory distress syndrome in National Institutes of Health Gene Expression Omnibus and ArrayExpress. We also included the Glue Grant gene expression cohorts...
February 2018: Critical Care Medicine
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