keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

adult respiratory distress syndrome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093105/comparison-of-submaximal-exercise-test-results-and-severity-of-brachycephalic-obstructive-airway-syndrome-in-english-bulldogs
#1
Liisa Lilja-Maula, Anu K Lappalainen, Heli K Hyytiäinen, Erja Kuusela, Mirja Kaimio, Kirsti Schildt, Sari Mölsä, Mikael Morelius, Minna M Rajamäki
Canine brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome (BOAS) is a complex respiratory disease related to congenitally flattened facial and skull anatomy. BOAS causes respiratory distress, heat and exercise intolerance, and gastrointestinal signs. English bulldogs (EB) have a high prevalence of BOAS. Currently, the severity of BOAS signs in veterinary practice is assessed subjectively. To reduce BOAS in brachycephalic breeds, an objective and easy-to-use tool could help breeders select healthier animals. Exercise tests, such as the 6 min walk test (distance walked measured) or the 1000 m walk test (duration measured), could be used to assess the severity of BOAS, as exercise intolerance and impaired recovery are key features of BOAS...
January 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068928/newly-recognized-cerebral-infarctions-on-postmortem-imaging-a-report-of-three-cases-with-systemic-infectious-disease
#2
Sakon Noriki, Kazuyuki Kinoshita, Kunihiro Inai, Toyohiko Sakai, Hirohiko Kimura, Takahiro Yamauchi, Masayuki Iwano, Hironobu Naiki
BACKGROUND: Postmortem imaging (PMI) refers to the imaging of cadavers by computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Three cases of cerebral infarctions that were not found during life but were newly recognized on PMI and were associated with severe systemic infections are presented. CASE PRESENTATIONS: An 81-year-old woman with a pacemaker and slightly impaired liver function presented with fever. Imaging suggested interstitial pneumonia and an iliopsoas abscess, and blood tests showed liver dysfunction and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060859/physiological-biochemical-and-biophysical-characterization-of-the-lung-lavaged-spontaneously-breathing-rabbit-as-a-model-for-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#3
Francesca Ricci, Chiara Catozzi, Xabier Murgia, Brenda Rosa, Davide Amidani, Luca Lorenzini, Federico Bianco, Claudio Rivetti, Silvia Catinella, Gino Villetti, Maurizio Civelli, Barbara Pioselli, Carlo Dani, Fabrizio Salomone
Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is a widely accepted technique of non-invasive respiratory support in spontaneously-breathing premature infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Surfactant administration techniques compatible with nCPAP ventilation strategy are actively investigated. Our aim is to set up and validate a respiratory distress animal model that can be managed on nCPAP suitable for surfactant administration techniques studies. Surfactant depletion was induced by bronchoalveolar lavages (BALs) on 18 adult rabbits...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033136/permissive-hypotension-and-trauma-can-fluid-restriction-reduce-the-incidence-of-ards
#4
Melissa Kolarik, Eric Roberts
Emergency care, including the resuscitation of patients involved in traumatic events, has evolved over the years. A prior practice of utilizing large volumes of crystalloids has been found to contribute to complications such as coagulopathy, fluid overload, and adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In contrast, permissive hypotension is a method of fluid restriction that allows for low blood pressure and mean arterial pressure during the resuscitation period. When permissive hypotension occurs and fluids are restricted in trauma patients, the incidence of ARDS can be reduced significantly with improvement in patient outcomes...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030494/traumatic-colon-injury-in-damage-control-laparotomy-a-multicenter-trial-is-it-safe-to-do-a-delayed-anastomosis
#5
Leah Tatebe, Andrew Jennings, Ken Tatebe, Alexandra Handy, Purvi Prajapati, Michael Smith, Tai Do, Gerald O Ogola, Rajesh R Gandhi, Therese M Duane, Stephen Luk, Laura B Petrey
BACKGROUND: Delayed colonic anastomosis after damage control laparotomy (DCL) is an alternative to colostomies during a single laparotomy (SL) in high-risk patients. However, literature suggests increased colonic leak rates up to 27% with DCL, and various reported risk factors. We evaluated our regional experience to determine if delayed colonic anastomosis was associated with worse outcomes. METHODS: A multi-center retrospective cohort study was performed across three Level I Trauma Centers encompassing traumatic colon injuries from January 2006 through June 2014...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030441/does-permissive-hypoxaemia-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-cause-long-term-neurological-impairment-a-study-in-patients-with-h1n1-induced-severe-respiratory-failure
#6
Bernhard Holzgraefe, Christin Andersson, Håkan Kalzén, Viktor von Bahr, Mikael Mosskin, Elna-Marie Larsson, Kenneth Palmér, Björn Frenckner, Anders Larsson
BACKGROUND: The Extracorporeal Life Support Organisation accepts permissive hypoxaemia in adult patients during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The neurological long-term outcome of this approach has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVES: We investigated the prevalence of brain lesions and cognitive dysfunction in survivors from the Influenza A/H1N1 2009 pandemic treated with permissive hypoxaemia during ECMO for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)...
February 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009669/effect-of-peak-inspiratory-pressure-on-the-development-of-postoperative-pulmonary-complications-in-mechanically-ventilated-adult-surgical-patients-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Chelsa Wamsley, Donald Missel
The objective is to identify the effect of peak inspiratory pressure on the development of postoperative pulmonary complications.More specifically, the objective is to identify the effect of maintaining intraoperative peak inspiratory pressure less than or equal to 30 cmH2O compared with peak inspiratory pressure greater than 30 cmH2O on the incidence of postoperative atelectasis, pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome in mechanically ventilated adult surgical patients.
December 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004129/statin-therapy-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-an-individual-patient-data-meta-analysis-of-randomised-clinical-trials
#8
REVIEW
Myura Nagendran, Daniel F McAuley, Peter S Kruger, Laurent Papazian, Jonathon D Truwit, John G Laffey, B Taylor Thompson, Mike Clarke, Anthony C Gordon
PURPOSE: We performed an individual patient data meta-analysis to assess the possible benefits and harms of statin therapy in adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and to investigate effects in specific ARDS subgroups. METHODS: We identified randomised clinical trials up to 31 October 2016 that had investigated statin therapy versus placebo in patients with ARDS. Individual patient data from each trial were compiled. Conventional two-stage meta-analyses were performed for primary and secondary outcomes, and one-stage regression models with single treatment-covariate interactions for subgroup analyses...
December 21, 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941959/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-secondary-to-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09-clinical-characteristics-and-mortality-predictors
#9
Carmen Margarita Hernández-Cárdenas, Héctor Serna-Secundino, José Guadalupe García-Olazarán, Cristina Leticia Aguilar-Pérez, Jesús Rocha-Machado, Luis Fernando Campos-Calderón, Gustavo Lugo-Goytia
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus is the leading cause of death among this patient population. Expanding the knowledge of its course and predictors of mortality is relevant to decision making. We aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and identify factors associated with mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 during the 2013-2014 influenza season. METHODS: This is an observational study of a prospective cohort of 70 patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome and influenza A(H1N1) pdm09 seen in an academic medical center...
September 2016: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931774/neonatal-venlafaxine-discontinuation-syndrome-a-mini-review
#10
REVIEW
Jonathon Holland, Richard Brown
During pregnancy, the developing fetal brain may be exposed to a range of psychotropic medications. The serotonin-noradrenergic reuptake inhibitor venlafaxine is one such drug, when used as a maternal antidepressant. Here we review the discontinuation phenomenon that may follow in exposed neonates following birth. Adults who abruptly stop taking venlafaxine can experience withdrawal symptoms. Venlafaxine and its metabolites cross the placenta and so the newborn can be exposed to this risk, as well as potential toxicity...
November 25, 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929242/community-acquired-pneumonia-in-adults-diagnosis-and-management
#11
Alexander Kaysin, Anthony J Viera
Community-acquired pneumonia is a leading cause of death. Risk factors include older age and medical comorbidities. Diagnosis is suggested by a history of cough, dyspnea, pleuritic pain, or acute functional or cognitive decline, with abnormal vital signs (e.g., fever, tachycardia) and lung examination findings. Diagnosis should be confirmed by chest radiography or ultrasonography. Validated prediction scores for pneumonia severity can guide the decision between outpatient and inpatient therapy. Using procalcitonin as a biomarker for severe infection may further assist with risk stratification...
November 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922884/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-dengue-malaria-and-acute-chagas-disease
#12
Cornelis M Schreuder, Jhonathan A Eslava, Leonardo A Salazar, Adriana S Murcia, Mario J Forero, Mauricio A Orozco, Luis E Echeverría, Antonio Figueredo
Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) is widely used in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) and myocarditis. Severe vector-mediated diseases may be complicated by ARDS or myocarditis, which are both associated with a high mortality rate. We present six cases of severe dengue, malaria, and acute Chagas disease that were treated with ECMO from September 2007 to September 2015. Patients included two pediatric and four adults (ages 12 to 48). Survival to decannulation was 83% and to discharge was 66%...
December 2, 2016: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919283/outcomes-and-survival-prediction-models-for-severe-adult-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#13
REVIEW
Sacha Rozencwajg, David Pilcher, Alain Combes, Matthieu Schmidt
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has known a growing interest over the last decades with promising results during the 2009 A(H1N1) influenza epidemic. Targeting populations that can most benefit from this therapy is now of major importance.Survival has steadily improved for a decade, reaching up to 65% at hospital discharge in the most recent cohorts. However, ECMO is still marred by frequent and significant complications such as bleeding and nosocomial infections...
December 5, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904536/a-review-on-human-respiratory-modeling
#14
REVIEW
Pardis Ghafarian, Hamidreza Jamaati, Seyed Mohammadreza Hashemian
Input impedance of the respiratory system is measured by forced oscillation technique (FOT). Multiple prior studies have attempted to match the electromechanical models of the respiratory system to impedance data. Since the mechanical behavior of airways and the respiratory system as a whole are similar to an electrical circuit in a combination of series and parallel formats some theories were introduced according to this issue. It should be noted that, the number of elements used in these models might be less than those required due to the complexity of the pulmonary-chest wall anatomy...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903788/treatment-of-adenoviral-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-using-cidofovir-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-case-series-and-literature-review
#15
Minhyeok Lee, Seulgi Kim, Oh Jung Kwon, Ji Hye Kim, Inbeom Jeong, Ji Woong Son, Moon Jun Na, Yoo Sang Yoon, Hyun Woong Park, Sun Jung Kwon
Adenovirus infections are associated with respiratory (especially upper respiratory) infection and gastrointestinal disease and occur primarily in infants and children. Although rare in adults, severe lower respiratory adenovirus infections including pneumonia are reported in specific populations, such as military recruits and immunocompromised patients. Antiviral treatment is challenging due to limited clinical experience and lack of well-controlled randomized trials. Several previously reported cases of adenoviral pneumonia showed promising efficacy of cidofovir...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898220/intensive-care-physiotherapy-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#16
Laveena Munshi, Tadahiro Kobayashi, Julian DeBacker, Ravi Doobay, Teagan Telesnicki, Vincent Lo, Nathalie Cote, Marcelo Cypel, Shaf Keshavjee, Niall D Ferguson, Eddy Fan
RATIONALE: There are limited data on physiotherapy during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). OBJECTIVES: We sought to characterize physiotherapy delivered to ARDS patients supported with ECMO, and to evaluate the association of this therapeutic modality with mortality. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all adult ARDS patients supported with ECMO at our institution from 2010-2015...
November 29, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871165/acute-pancreatitis-complicated-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-a-young-adult-without-hypertriglyceridemia-a-case-report
#17
Jung Hyun Kim, Myung Jin Oh
Systemic complications related to acute pancreatitis include acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hypocalcemia, hyperglycemia, and insulin dependent diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis. In practice, the development of diabetic ketoacidosis induced by acute pancreatitis is rare and generally associated with hypertriglyceridemia. However, herein we report a case of a 34-year-old female without hypertriglyceridemia, who was diagnosed with acute pancreatitis complicated with diabetic ketoacidosis...
November 25, 2016: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863270/fluid-resuscitation-mediates-the-association-between-inhalational-burn-injury-and-acute-kidney-injury-in-the-major-burn-population
#18
Avinash B Kumar, William Andrews, Yaping Shi, Matthew S Shotwell, Scott Dennis, Jonathan Wanderer, Blair Summitt
BACKGROUND: It is known that acute respiratory distress syndrome and acute lung injury are independent risk factors for developing acute kidney injury (AKI) through complex pathophysiologic mechanisms. Our specific aim is to evaluate the risk factors for AKI postburn injury and whether inhalation thermal injury is an independent risk factor for developing AKI in the major burn population. METHODS: This is an institutional review board-approved, retrospective cohort study of patients admitted to a tertiary burn intensive care unit between 2011 and 2013...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855477/recruitment-manoeuvres-for-adults-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-receiving-mechanical-ventilation
#19
REVIEW
Carol Hodgson, Ewan C Goligher, Meredith E Young, Jennifer L Keating, Anne E Holland, Lorena Romero, Scott J Bradley, David Tuxen
BACKGROUND: Recruitment manoeuvres involve transient elevations in airway pressure applied during mechanical ventilation to open ('recruit') collapsed lung units and increase the number of alveoli participating in tidal ventilation. Recruitment manoeuvres are often used to treat patients in intensive care who have acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but the effect of this treatment on clinical outcomes has not been well established. This systematic review is an update of a Cochrane review originally published in 2009...
17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851521/1886-invasive-ventilation-in-an-adult-with-achondroplasia-and-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#20
Fraser Mackay, Talia Ben-Jacob, Robyn Roth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
keyword
keyword
82360
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"