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COPD and anxiety

Shane R Wurdeman, Phillip M Stevens, James H Campbell
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of comorbidities on mobility in patients with lower limb prostheses. DESIGN: Cohort database chart review examining mobility in lower limb prosthesis users grouped according to comorbidities. Regression models were used to determine significant predictor comorbidities for mobility. General linear univariate models were implemented to investigate differences in mobility among cohorts (n=596). RESULTS: Patient age and history of stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and anxiety/panic disorders were predictors of decreased mobility...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Mary Y Y Qian, John Politis, Michelle Thompson, Darren Wong, Brian Le, Louis Irving, Natasha Smallwood
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Many patients with advanced COPD experience refractory breathlessness and individualized breathlessness interventions may improve management of this complex symptom. The aims of this study were to develop, implement and assess the efficacy of a breathlessness intervention for patients with COPD and refractory breathlessness and to evaluate patient acceptability. METHODS: An individualized breathlessness plan, information leaflets, breathlessness education and a hand-held fan were offered to consecutive patients with severe COPD and refractory breathlessness attending a tertiary integrated respiratory and palliative care service...
May 15, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
A Lewis, P Cave, N S Hopkinson
AIMS: Singing for Lung Health (SLH) is a novel intervention for individuals with respiratory disease. Qualitative results suggest benefits to physical, mental and emotional health. Limited data also suggest objective improvements in measures of quality of life with SLH are achievable. It is not known how effective the SLH groups supported by the British Lung Foundation (BLF) in the UK are. The objective was to understand the clinical impact SLH has on individuals with respiratory disease...
May 1, 2018: Perspectives in Public Health
Marc Beaumont, Francis Couturaud, Florence Jego, Romain Pichon, Catherine Le Ber, Loïc Péran, Christophe Rogé, David Renault, Swathi Narayan, Gregory Reychler
Introduction: Eighty percent of COPD patients experience dyspnea during activities of daily life (ADL). To the best of our knowledge, the Modified Medical Research Council (MMRC) dyspnea scale is the only validated scale designed to quantify dyspnea during ADL available in the French language. Two other instruments are only available in English versions: the London Chest Activity of Daily Living (LCADL) scale that allows a specific evaluation of dyspnea during ADL and the Dyspnea-12 questionnaire that evaluates the affective (emotional) and sensory components of dyspnea in daily life...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Antonello Nicolini, Francesco Pagnini
Background: People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) suffer from dyspnoea, which may be increased by anxiety. Previous studies suggest that relaxation techniques may have positive effects in pulmonary rehabilitation. The main aim of this study is to explore the clinical impact of a quick, one-session, relaxation training for people with COPD. Methods: In this perspective, 38 participants with COPD were recruited and randomly assigned to listen to a relaxing audio or to watch a neutral stimulus, during their routine exams...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Sun Mi Jang, Ki Uk Kim, Hae Jung Na, Seung Eun Song, Sang Hee Lee, Haejung Lee, Yun Seong Kim, Min Ki Lee, Hye-Kyung Park
The quality of life of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) decreases significantly as the disease progresses; those with severe COPD are affected most. This article investigates predictors of the disease-specific and generic health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with severe COPD. This multicentre prospective cross-sectional study enrolled 80 patients with severe COPD. At enrolment, all patients completed a disease-specific instrument, the St George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), and a generic instrument, the Short Form 36 Health Survey Questionnaire (SF-36)...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Nurdan Kokturk, Mehmet Polatli, I Kivilcim Oguzulgen, Sarfraz Saleemi, Mohammed Al Ghobain, Javed Khan, Adam Doble, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
Background: COPD affects millions of people worldwide. Poor treatment adherence contributes to increased symptom severity, morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to investigate adherence to COPD treatment in Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional study in adult COPD patients in Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Through physician-led interviews, data were collected on sociodemographics and disease history, including the impact of COPD on health status using the COPD Assessment Test (CAT); quality of life, using the EuroQol Five-Dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D); and anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Petra Hagens, Marcel Pieterse, Paul van der Valk, Job van der Palen
Introduction: Limited tobacco dependence treatment resources exist for smoking COPD patients not ready to quit. Smoking reduction may be a viable treatment approach if it prompts quit attempts and subsequent abstinence. This article describes the protocol of the REDUQ (REDUce and Quit) study, which examines whether smoking reduction counselling plus combination nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is (cost-)effective in achieving long-term abstinence in smoking COPD patients not ready to quit...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
Linda Perkins-Porras, Muhammad Riaz, Adeoba Okekunle, Svitlana Zhelezna, Indranil Chakravorty, Michael Ussher
Psychological distress is common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This study aimed to assess whether a 10-minute mindfulness intervention reduces distress and breathlessness, improves mood and increases mindfulness among hospital inpatients following acute exacerbation of COPD.Fifty patients were recruited following an acute admission. The immediate effects of a 10-minute mindfulness-based body scan were compared with a control intervention. Participants were randomized to receive either a mindfulness-based body scan ( n = 24) or a control condition ( n = 26) via a 10-minute audio recording...
January 1, 2018: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Rodrigo Torres-Castro, Cristian Céspedes, Jordi Vilaró, Roberto Vera-Uribe, Marcelo Cano-Cappellacci, Diego Vargas
The prevalence and mortality of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in Chile, constituting a public health problem. Pulmonary and systemic consequences of COPD affect physical activity, as the disease progresses. There are multiple means for physical activity assessment, from low cost and easily applicable questionnaires to sophisticated laboratory tests. Physical inactivity is a modifiable risk factor for morbidity and mortality in patients with COPD. Physical activity interventions not only contribute to decrease the likelihood of mortality, but also protect from comorbidities, especially cardiovascular ones...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
A Carole Gardener, Gail Ewing, Isla Kuhn, Morag Farquhar
Introduction: Understanding the breadth of patients' support needs is important for the delivery of person-centered care, particularly in progressive long-term conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Existing reviews identify important aspects of managing life with COPD with which patients may need support (support needs); however, none of these comprehensively outlines the full range of support needs that patients can experience. We therefore sought to systematically determine the full range of support needs for patients with COPD to inform development of an evidence-based tool to enable person-centered care...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Tian Xiao, Hua Qiu, Yue Chen, Xianfeng Zhou, Kang Wu, Xiaonan Ruan, Na Wang, Chaowei Fu
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a serious disease frequently accompanied by anxiety and depression. Few studies have focused on anxiety and depression for mild COPD patients in China. This study aimed to assess the prevalence and associated factors for anxiety and depression among patients with mild COPD in urban communities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 275 mild COPD patients was conducted in 6 communities randomly sampled from Pudong New Area of Shanghai, China, in 2016...
April 4, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Magdalena Brandl, Merle M Böhmer, Susanne Brandstetter, Tamara Finger, Wiebke Fischer, Michael Pfeifer, Christian Apfelbacher
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is impaired in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, but determining factors for HRQOL are still not unequivocal. This study measures HRQOL among patients with COPD and aims to determine factors associated with HRQOL. Methods: Data for cross-sectional analyses were obtained from the baseline of a cohort study. The study population includes adult COPD patients (disease duration ≥3 months), recruited from primary and secondary care settings in Germany, without acute psychiatric/neurologic disease (exception: affective/ anxiety disorders)...
February 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Emma Mi, Ella Mi, Gail Ewing, Patrick White, Ravi Mahadeva, A Carole Gardener, Morag Farquhar
Objective: Accurate informal carer assessment of patient symptoms is likely to be valuable for decision making in managing the high symptom burden of COPD in the home setting. Few studies have investigated agreement between patients and carers in COPD. We aimed to assess agreement between patients and carers on symptoms, and factors associated with disagreement in a population-based sample of patients with advanced COPD. Patients and methods: This was a prospective, cross-sectional analysis of data from 119 advanced COPD patients and their carers...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Hilman Harryanto, Sally Burrows, Yuben Moodley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Jayde Galletti, George Mcheileh, Andrew Hahne, Annemarie Louise Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effects of manipulative therapies (MT), including spinal manipulation, and diaphragmatic release techniques on lung function, exercise capacity, symptoms, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). DESIGN: Systematic review. PARTICIPANTS: People diagnosed with COPD. INTERVENTION: Randomized controlled trials of MT (either with or without pulmonary rehabilitation [PR]) compared to other treatments (soft tissue [ST] therapy or sham therapy) applied in people with COPD were identified following the search of seven databases...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Claire A Lawson, Ivonne Solis-Trapala, Ulf Dahlstrom, Mamas Mamas, Tiny Jaarsma, Umesh T Kadam, Anna Stromberg
BACKGROUND: Optimally treated heart failure (HF) patients often have persisting symptoms and poor health-related quality of life. Comorbidities are common, but little is known about their impact on these factors, and guideline-driven HF care remains focused on cardiovascular status. The following hypotheses were tested: (i) comorbidities are associated with more severe symptoms and functional limitations and subsequently worse patient-rated health in HF, and (ii) these patterns of association differ among selected comorbidities...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
Josep Montserrat-Capdevila, Pere Godoy, Josep Ramon Marsal, Marta Ortega, Josep Pifarré, Miquel Alsedà, Maria Teresa Castañ, Ferran Barbé
PURPOSE: Anxiety and depression are underdiagnosed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. Few studies have tried to identify their association with hospitalization (severe exacerbation). The objective of this study was to determine whether the anxiety/depression was associated with severe exacerbation. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study, based on a sample of 512 patients diagnosed with COPD originating from primary care in a rural area in Lleida (Spain) and monitored between November 1, 2012 and October 31, 2014...
March 25, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
Patricia Sobradillo Ecenarro, Marta Inchausti Iguiñiz, Sandra Pedrero Tejada, Nuria Marina Malanda, María Alfonso Imizcoz, Laura Ansola Marlasca, Bernardino Alcázar Navarrete
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is progressive and in its advanced stage is associated with major disability. Previous studies suggest that patients with this disease receive little palliative care, even in very advanced stages. Given this, our objectives were to describe the clinical practice of Spanish pulmonologists in the care of patients with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, to identify potential barriers to implementing palliative care in these patients and to correlate these responses with doctor's years of experience...
March 20, 2018: COPD
Anan Jarab, Eman Alefishat, Tareq Mukattash, Karem Alzoubi, Sharrel Pinto
Background The quality of life has been shown to be poor in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Furthermore, patients' perspective and attitudes toward COPD and its impact on their quality of life have been remarkably ignored. Objective To explore patients' views and perceptions regarding COPD and its impact on their quality of life. Setting COPD clinic at the Royal Medical Services Hospital, Amman, Jordan. Method Focus groups discussions to explore patients' views and perceptions about COPD were conducted using purposive sampling technique till data saturation achieved...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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