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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322440/psychological-therapies-for-the-treatment-of-anxiety-disorders-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
REVIEW
Zafar A Usmani, Kristin V Carson, Karen Heslop, Adrian J Esterman, Anthony De Soyza, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (commonly referred to as chronic bronchitis and emphysema) is a chronic lung condition characterised by the inflammation of airways and irreversible destruction of pulmonary tissue leading to progressively worsening dyspnoea. It is a leading international cause of disability and death in adults. Evidence suggests that there is an increased prevalence of anxiety disorders in people with COPD. The severity of anxiety has been shown to correlate with the severity of COPD, however anxiety can occur with all stages of COPD severity...
March 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290733/comparing-mental-health-literacy-and-physical-health-literacy-an-exploratory-study
#2
Robert Wickstead, Adrian Furnham
BACKGROUND: This study compared mental health and physical health literacy using five health problems from each area. AIMS: The aim was to determine whether the same group had better physical than mental health literacy Method: A sample of 263 participants completed an online questionnaire requiring them to name a problem/illness described in 10 vignettes and suggest treatment options. Five vignettes described mental health problems (anxiety, bipolar-disorder, depression, OCPD and schizophrenia) and five physical problems (angina, COPD, diabetes, a heart attack, and sinusitis)...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277858/pathophysiology-of-dyspnea-in-copd
#3
Antonio Anzueto, Marc Miravitlles
Dyspnea refers to the sensation of breathlessness, shortness of breath, or difficulty breathing that is commonly observed in patients with respiratory and cardiac disease. In the United States alone, dyspnea is reported in up to 4 million all-cause emergency room visits annually. Dyspnea can be a symptom of several different underlying physical conditions, typically involving the lung and heart. Indeed, it is an important symptom in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), where it is associated with limited physical activity, increased anxiety and depression, decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and reduced survival...
March 17, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260880/impact-of-comorbid-conditions-in-copd-patients-on-health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-in-a-predominantly-medicare-population
#4
Phil Schwab, Amol D Dhamane, Sari D Hopson, Chad Moretz, Srinivas Annavarapu, Kate Burslem, Andrew Renda, Shuchita Kaila
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often have multiple underlying comorbidities, which may lead to increased health care resource utilization (HCRU) and costs. OBJECTIVE: To describe the comorbidity profiles of COPD patients and examine the associations between the presence of comorbidities and HCRU or health care costs. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study utilizing data from a large US national health plan with a predominantly Medicare population was conducted...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250201/socio-environmental-correlates-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd
#5
Ane Arbillaga-Etxarri, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Anael Barberan-Garcia, Marta Benet, Eulàlia Borrell, Payam Dadvand, Maria Foraster, Alicia Marín, Mònica Monteagudo, Robert Rodriguez-Roisin, Pere Vall-Casas, Jordi Vilaró, Judith Garcia-Aymerich
BACKGROUND: Study of the causes of the reduced levels of physical activity in patients with COPD has been scarce and limited to biological factors. AIM: To assess the relationship between novel socio-environmental factors, namely dog walking, grandparenting, neighbourhood deprivation, residential surrounding greenness and residential proximity to green or blue spaces, and amount and intensity of physical activity in COPD patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study recruited 410 COPD patients from five Catalan municipalities...
March 1, 2017: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243081/recognition-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-cognitive-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-patients-with-copd
#6
REVIEW
Daniel R Ouellette, Kim L Lavoie
COPD is highly prevalent and associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Clinicians have long been aware that patients with COPD have problems with cognition and are susceptible to mood (depression) and anxiety disorders. With the increasing awareness of COPD as a multisystem disorder, many studies have evaluated the prevalence of neuropsychiatric conditions in patients with COPD. This review presents evidence regarding the prevalence of neuropsychiatric conditions (cognitive disorders/impairment, depression/anxiety) in COPD, their risk factors, and their impact on relevant outcomes...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231596/-impact-of-a-senso-motoric-intervention-in-copd-patients-participating-in-an-outpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
M Spielmanns, K Müller, N Schott, A Winkler, H Polanski, C Nell, T Boeselt, A R Koczulla, J H Storre, W Windisch, F S Magnet, K Baum
Objective: Exercise training provides a cornerstone of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in COPD-patients. However, the components of the training are not yet fully investigated. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the effectiveness of a sensory-motoric training (SMT) in comparison to a conventional strength training (KT) according to the physical performance. Patients and Methods: 43 COPD patients were randomized and participated either in the intervention group (SMT = 30 minutes SMT per day) or in the control group (KT = 30 minutes KT per day)...
February 23, 2017: Die Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220381/pharmacological-management-of-people-living-with-end-stage-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#8
Victoria Dalgliesh, Hilary Pinnock
Supportive care and pharmacological treatment can improve the quality of life of people with end-stage chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who cope on a daily basis with substantial physical, psychological, social and spiritual morbidity. Smoking cessation is the only intervention that reduces the rate of progression of COPD, but evidence-based drug treatments and non-pharmacological strategies can relieve symptoms and reduce the impact of exacerbations. People with severe COPD live with increasingly troublesome breathlessness and other symptoms such as fatigue, pain, sputum production and weight loss...
April 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211555/personality-traits-level-of-anxiety-and-styles-of-coping-with-stressin-people-with-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-comparative-analysis
#9
Klaudia Tabała, Magdalena Wrzesińska, Patryk Stecz, Józef Kocur
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma are a challenge to public health, with the sufferers experiencing a range of psychological factors affecting their health and behavior. The aim of the present study was to determine the level of anxiety, personality traits and stress-coping ability of patients with obstructive lung disease and comparison with a group of healthy controls. METHODS: The research was conducted on a group of 150 people with obstructive lung diseases (asthma and COPD) and healthy controls (mean age = 56...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166828/a-psychological-intervention-to-promote-acceptance-and-adherence-to-non-invasive-ventilation-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-study-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#10
Eleonora Volpato, Paolo Banfi, Francesco Pagnini
BACKGROUND: People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) sometimes experience anxiety, depression and comorbid cognitive deficits. Rather than being merely a consequence of symptom-related physical impairments these additional problems may be part of the clinical course of the condition. The relationship between the physical and psychological aspects of the condition is illustrated by the patterns of use of non-invasive ventilation (NIV); NIV is often rejected or used inappropriately, resulting in clinical deterioration and an increase in health care costs...
February 6, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140421/personer-med-kol-beh%C3%A3-ver-tr%C3%A3-na-%C3%A3-kad-fysisk-aktivitet-kan-f%C3%A3-rb%C3%A3-ttra-livskvalitet-dyspn%C3%A3-kondition-och-styrka-och-minska-risken-f%C3%A3-r-f%C3%A3-rtida-d%C3%A3-d
#11
Margareta Emtner, Karin Wadell
Persons with COPD should be recommended training Persons with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) should be recommended aerobic and resistance training to be able to improve quality of life and physical capacity, and to decrease dyspnoea, anxiety and depression (moderately strong scientific evidence - quality of evidence grade 3). Subjects with an exacerbation should be recommended training at a low intensity in direct connection with the exacerbation to improve quality of life and physical capacity (moderately strong scientific evidence - quality of evidence grade 3), and to lower the risk of mortality and hospitalization (limited scientific evidence - quality of evidence grade 2)...
January 26, 2017: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139873/impact-of-exacerbations-on-adherence-and-outcomes-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#12
Dionne C W Braeken, Martijn A Spruit, Sarah Houben-Wilke, Dionne E Smid, Gernot G U Rohde, Emiel F M Wouters, Frits M E Franssen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Dropout or lack of response is an important issue in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR), which underlines the need to identify predictors of dropout and response. Acute exacerbations (AEs) of COPD may influence dropout rates and PR response. We aimed to assess differences in dropout and outcomes of PR between COPD with and without AEs. METHODS: Clinically stable patients with moderate-to-very severe COPD (age: 64.1 ± 9.1 years, 55.6% males, forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1 ): 48...
January 31, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119393/sing-your-lungs-out-a-community-singing-group-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-1-year-pilot-study
#13
Amanda McNaughton, Mark Weatherall, Mathew Williams, Harry McNaughton, Sarah Aldington, Gayle Williams, Richard Beasley
OBJECTIVE: Singing group participation may benefit patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Previous studies are limited by small numbers of participants and short duration of generally hospital-based singing group intervention. This study examines the feasibility of long-term participation in a community singing group for patients with COPD who had completed pulmonary rehabilitation (PR). METHODS: This was a feasibility cohort study. Patients with COPD who had completed PR and were enrolled in a weekly community exercise group were recruited to a new community-based singing group which met weekly for over 1 year...
January 24, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108209/the-impact-of-cognitive-impairment-on-efficacy-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#14
Fiona A H M Cleutjens, Martijn A Spruit, Rudolf W H M Ponds, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Frits M E Franssen, Jeanette B Dijkstra, Candy Gijsen, Emiel F M Wouters, Daisy J A Janssen
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) dropout and outcomes between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with and without cognitive impairment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Patients with COPD were recruited from a PR centre in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 157 patients with clinically stable COPD who were referred for and completed PR...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096665/gender-differences-in-partners-of-patients-with-copd-and-their-perceptions-about-the-patients
#15
Nienke Nakken, Daisy Ja Janssen, Monique van Vliet, Geeuwke J de Vries, Giny Al Clappers-Gielen, Arent Jan Michels, Jean Wm Muris, Jan H Vercoulen, Emiel Fm Wouters, Martijn A Spruit
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) not only affects patients but also their partners. Gender-related differences in patients with COPD are known, for instance regarding symptoms and quality of life. Yet, research regarding gender differences in partners of patients with COPD has been conducted to a lesser extent, and most research focused on female partners. We aimed to investigate differences between male and female partners of patients with COPD regarding their own characteristics and their perceptions of patients' characteristics...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060921/does-an-integrated-care-intervention-for-copd-patients-have-long-term-effects-on-quality-of-life-and-patient-activation-a-prospective-open-controlled-single-center-intervention-study
#16
Elena Titova, Øyvind Salvesen, Signe Berit Bentsen, Synnøve Sunde, Sigurd Steinshamn, Anne Hildur Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Implementation of the COPD-Home integrated disease management (IDM) intervention at discharge after hospitalizations for acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) led to reduced hospital utilization during the following 24 months compared to the year prior to study start. AIMS: To analyze the impact of the COPD-Home IDM intervention on health related quality of life, symptoms of anxiety and depression, and the degree of patient activation during 24 months of follow-up and to assess the association between these outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053520/psychometric-properties-of-the-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-in-chinese-patients-with-copd
#17
Yan-Xia Tao, Lan Wang, Xiao-Yan Dong, Hong Zheng, Ya-Shu Zheng, Xing-Yue Tang, Yue Zhao, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: For patients with COPD, physical activity (PA) is recommended as the core component of pulmonary rehabilitation, but there is lack of a validated questionnaire for assessing the PA effectively. AIM: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE-C) in patients with COPD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 167 outpatients aged 60 years or older with COPD...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053516/psychometric-properties-of-the-anxiety-inventory-for-respiratory-disease-in-patients-with-copd-in-china
#18
Xiao-Yan Dong, Lan Wang, Yan-Xia Tao, Xiu-Li Suo, Yue-Chuan Li, Fang Liu, Yue Zhao, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Anxiety is a common comorbidity in patients with COPD in China, and it can significantly decrease patients' quality of life. Almost all anxiety measurements contain somatic items that can overlap with symptoms of COPD and side effects of medicines, which can lead to bias in measuring anxiety in patients with COPD. Therefore, a brief and disease-specific non-somatic anxiety measurement scale, the Anxiety Inventory for Respiratory Disease (AIR), which has been developed and validated in its English version, is needed for patients with COPD in China...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997252/outcomes-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-copd-in-older-patients-a-comparative-study
#19
Deirdre Bennett, Bernadette Bowen, Padriac McCarthy, Abi Subramaniam, Michael O'Connor, Mike T Henry
Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is established as an effective intervention in optimising function and quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, there are very limited data on the effectiveness of PR in older patients with COPD. We reviewed all patients attending an 8-week outpatient programme. Patients were divided into two groups; Group A (n = 202), below 70 years, and Group B (n = 122), above 70 years of age. Outcomes in both patient subgroups were compared using FEV(1), Incremental Shuttle Walk Test (ISWT), Endurance Shuttle Walk Test (ESWT), Grip Strength, St...
December 20, 2016: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990628/action-plans-with-brief-patient-education-for-exacerbations-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#20
REVIEW
Maxwell Howcroft, E Haydn Walters, Richard Wood-Baker, Julia Ae Walters
BACKGROUND: Exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are a major driver of decline in health status and impose high costs on healthcare systems. Action plans offer a form of self-management that can be delivered in the outpatient setting to help individuals recognise and initiate early treatment for exacerbations, thereby reducing their impact. OBJECTIVES: To compare effects of an action plan for COPD exacerbations provided with a single short patient education component and without a comprehensive self-management programme versus usual care...
December 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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