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Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Raafat Ahmad, Hind Abobaker, Mohammed Hmoud
CONTEXT: Methanol is the simplest member of alcohol family. However, it is an extremely toxic substance to humans upon exposure with severe and detrimental effects that range from visual loss to death. Spinal cord involvement in methanol intoxication is a rare occurrence. FINDINGS: In this article, we are reporting a case of methanol intoxication with extensive spinal cord involvement possibly due to necrosis. A literature review yielded only two cases of spinal cord involvement due to methanol intoxication...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
James M Elliott, Sudarshan Dayanidhi, Charles Hazle, Mark A Hoggarth, Jacob McPherson, Cheryl L Sparks, Kenneth A Weber
Synopsis It is generally accepted that up to 50% of those with a whiplash injury following a motor vehicle collision will fail to fully recover. Twenty-five percent of these patients will demonstrate a markedly complex clinical picture that includes severe pain-related disability, sensory and motor disturbances, and psychological distress. A number of psychosocial factors have shown prognostic value for recovery following whiplash from a motor vehicle collision. To date, no management approach (eg, physical therapies, education, psychological interventions, or interdisciplinary strategies) for acute whiplash has positively influenced recovery rates...
October 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Lu Gao, Bing Sun, Fang Han, Yingying Jin, Jiawen Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the magnetic resonance imaging features of intramedullary spinal schwannomas. METHODS: Clinical and magnetic resonance imaging findings of 8 patients with pathologically confirmed intramedullary schwannomas were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 6 male and 2 female patients (mean age, 49 years). Tumors were located in the cervical cord (2), the thoracic cord (5), and the cervicothoracic cord (1). Most were in the dorsolateral spinal cord and limited to one side...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
Hossein Organji, Sahebeh Rajabkhah, Farzad Fatehi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
Paulo M G Sales, Loraine M S de Andrade, Meagan R Pitcher, Francisco H Rola, Francisco de A A Gondim
BACKGROUND: The repetitive ElectroMagnetic Stimulation (rEMS) is an innocuous method applied to modulate neurocircuits in real-time to study the physiology of the central nervous system and treat neuropsychiatric conditions. Preliminary data suggest that spinal rEMS induces behavioral changes in awake rats. However, the mechanisms behind this phenomenon remain largely unknown. METHODS: Twenty-five male Wistar rats were divided into five subgroups of five animals each: one subgroup was drug-free, two subgroups received Levodopa+Benserazide 250+25mg/kg for two or seven days, and the remaining two subgroups received Haloperidol 0...
September 22, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
M K Ahsan, N Sakeb, M Y Ali, M A Awwal, S I Khan, M M Goni, M B Mia, M B Alam, N Zaman, S N Jannat
Results of 63 surgically treated intradural spinal tumors between the period of October 2003 and December 2014 at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) and in our private settings, Dhaka, were analyzed retrospectively. There were 33 males, 30 females with an average age of 52.4 years (13-70 years) and followed up for at least a year. The preoperative symptom with duration, tumors location and intradural space occupancy and the histopathological diagnosis were analyzed. Pain was evaluated by the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the neurologic function was assessed by Nurick's grade...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
Morten Herlin, Anne-Mette Bay Bjørn, Maria Rasmussen, Birgitta Trolle, Michael Bjørn Petersen
STUDY QUESTION: What is the prevalence of Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome? SUMMARY ANSWER: The prevalence of MRKH syndrome in Denmark is 1 in 4982 (95% confidence interval (CI): 4216-5887) live female births. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The prevalence of MRKH syndrome has been estimated to be around 1 in 4000-5000 females. However, population-based prevalence studies of MRKH syndrome are sparse. Moreover, population-based data on patient characteristics are lacking...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
Xiaotian Jia, Jianyun Yang, Lin Chen, Cong Yu
Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma is a rare sarcoma that develops in patients of all ages, which usually presents as a slow-growing painless mass in the distal extremities. To date, myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma with invasion of the brachial plexus has rarely been reported in the literature. In this study, a case of large cervicothoracic sarcoma, which invaded the brachial plexus, is presented. The patient reported no sensory disturbance or dyskinesia. The tumor was completely resected without injury of the brachial plexus...
September 2016: Oncology Letters
Dhinu J Jayaseelan, Nancy S Tow
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a common condition that can be difficult to manage in physical therapy. A number of interventions, such as manual therapy, therapeutic exercise, and patient education have typically been used in some combination. However, the evidence regarding thrust manipulation of not only the local but also adjacent segments is sparse. Specifically, the use of cervicothoracic (CT) junction thrust manipulation has not previously been described in the management of individuals with TMD...
May 2016: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Felicia Skelton, Joel E Frontera
This case describes a 56 year old man with known thoracic spinal cord injury undergoing evaluation for a pruritic rash on the dorsolateral aspect of his forearms with no upper extremity neuromuscular symptoms. Common diagnoses were considered and treated with little success. The diagnosis of brachioradial pruritus (BRP) was made, and evaluation for possible causes revealed a large cervicothoracic syrinx. To our knowledge, BRP has not been previously described as the presenting sign of post-traumatic syringomelia...
August 18, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Cătălin Vasilescu, Monica Salmen, Andrei Bobocea
Cervicothoracic Sympathectomy is a common indication in the treatment of Raynaud Syndrome, Palmer Hyperhidrosis or Acute Ischemia of the superior limb. Nonetheless, almost a century ago it represented one of the first innovative attempts in curing coronary heart disease. Nowadays, this indication is no more than a footnote in a volume on the History of Medicine, and a trivia fact for medical history enthusiasts. The operation's history is rather conflicting. A young Romaninan surgeon, Victor Gomoiu seems to have come up with the idea, in the early 20th century...
May 2016: Chirurgia
Manjunath Netravathi, Jitender Saini, Anita Mahadevan, Bollampalli Hari-Krishna, Ravi Yadav, Pramod Kumar Pal, Parthasarathy Satishchandra
BACKGROUND: Recently, pruritus has been recognised as an important association with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical and radiological characteristics of patients with NMOSD and pruritus. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 57 consecutive patients with NMOSD, 15 (26.3% women) reported pruritus. All had aquaporin-4 (AQP4) antibodies. The mean age was 34.5 ± 9.1 years, age at onset was 31.3 ± 11...
August 18, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Jamal McClendon, Timothy R Smith, Patrick A Sugrue, Sara E Thompson, Brian A O'Shaughnessy, Tyler R Koski
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate spinal implant density and proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) in adult spinal deformity (ASD). METHODS: Consecutive ASD patients receiving >5 level fusions were retrospectively analyzed between 2007 and 2010. INCLUSION CRITERIA: ASD, elective fusions, minimum 2-year follow-up. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: Age < 18 years, neuromuscular or congenital scoliosis, cervical or cervicothoracic fusions, non-elective conditions (infection, tumor, trauma)...
August 12, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Yukinori Terada, Hiroki Toda, Hirokuni Hashikata, Yu Yamamoto, Yasunori Nagai, Naoya Yoshimoto, Masanori Goto, Namiko Nishida, Koichi Iwasaki
<i>Objective</i>:Non-traumatic spinal epidural hematoma(SEH)is relatively rare. We report five cases of SEH, review the relevant literature, and discuss the current treatment strategies for non-traumatic SEH in Japan. <i>Methods</i>:Clinical data of cases with non-traumatic SEH treated at our institute from 2008 to 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. In addition, we identified the relevant literature using the Japan Medical Abstracts Society databases for peer-reviewed articles published from Jan 1, 1995 to Aug 31, 2015...
August 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
R Andrew Glennie, Y Raja Rampersaud, Stefano Boriani, Jeremy J Reynolds, Richard Williams, Ziya L Gokaslan, Meic H Schmidt, Peter P Varga, Charles G Fisher
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic literature review and consensus expert opinion. OBJECTIVE: To provide recommendations on reconstructive constructs for large tumor resections of the spinal column. Four questions were studied: (1) What are the best reconstructive options for single versus multilevel resections? (2) Should short segment fixation be considered in primary tumor reconstruction? (3) How should reconstructive techniques differ at various regions of the spine? (4) Does planned postoperative radiation change the fusion strategy? SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Primary spinal tumors requiring en bloc resection are rare...
October 15, 2016: Spine
Paul E Mintken, Amy W McDevitt, Joshua A Cleland, Robert E Boyles, Amber R Beardslee, Scott A Burns, Matthew D Haberl, Lauren A Hinrichs, Lori A Michener
Study Design Multicenter randomized controlled trial. Background Cervicothoracic manual therapy has been shown to improve pain and disability in individuals with shoulder pain, but the incremental effects of manual therapy in addition to exercise therapy have not been investigated in a randomized controlled trial. Objectives To compare the effects of cervicothoracic manual therapy and exercise therapy to those of exercise therapy alone in individuals with shoulder pain. Methods Individuals (n = 140) with shoulder pain were randomly assigned to receive 2 sessions of cervicothoracic range-of-motion exercises plus 6 sessions of exercise therapy, or 2 sessions of high-dose cervicothoracic manual therapy and range-of-motion exercises plus 6 sessions of exercise therapy (manual therapy plus exercise)...
August 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Ufuk Aydinli, Nilesh Kumar Mohan, Kursat Kara
BACKGROUND: Charcot spine arthropathy (posttraumatic neuroarthropathy of the spine) has been reported to be a very late and rare complication of spinal cord injury. Charcot of the cervicothoracic and upper thoracic region rarely is reported in the literature. Charcot spinal arthropathy is a cause of progressive deformity and may present as late as 30 years after the original spinal cord injury. This is more common in paraplegic patients who are actively ambulating. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 56-year-old patient with complete paraplegia for approximately 20 years after spinal cord injury presented with severe kyphous deformity and instability of thoracolumbar spine...
October 2016: World Neurosurgery
Stefanie Veraa, Wilhelmina Bergmann, Antoon-Jan van den Belt, Inge Wijnberg, Willem Back
Diagnostic imaging is one of the pillars in the clinical workup of horses with clinical signs of cervical spinal disease. An improved awareness of morphologic variations in equine cervical vertebrae would be helpful for interpreting findings. The aim of this anatomic study was to describe CT variations in left-right symmetry and morphology of the cervical and cervicothoracic vertebrae in a sample of horses. Postmortem CT examinations of the cervical spine for horses without congenital growth disorders were prospectively and retrospectively recruited...
September 2016: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
Jun Gue Lee, Hyeun Sung Kim, Chang Il Ju, Seok Won Kim
OBJECTIVE: The anterior approach for C7-T1 disc herniation may be challenging because of obstruction by the manubrium and the narrow operative field. This study aimed to investigate the clinical and neurological outcomes of anterior approach for C7-T1 disc herniation. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 13 patients who underwent the anterior approach for C7-T1 disc herniation by a single surgeon within a period of 11 years (2003-2014). The minimum follow-up duration was 6 months...
June 2016: Korean Journal of Spine
Aaron J Clark, Michael Safaee, Dean Chou, Philip R Weinstein, Annette M Molinaro, John P Clark, Praveen V Mummaneni
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. OBJECTIVE: Intraoperative motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring in spine surgery may assist surgeons in taking corrective measures to prevent neurologic deficits. The efficacy of monitoring MEPs intraoperatively in patients with myelopathy from nondegenerative causes has not been quantified. We compared the sensitivity and specificity of intraoperative MEP monitoring in patients with myelopathy caused by nondegenerative processes to patients with degenerative cervicothoracic spondylotic myelopathy (CSM)...
August 2016: Global Spine Journal
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